Manataka American Indian Council             Volume VII  Issue 11  NOVEMBER 2005


Manataka - Preserving the past today for tomorrow

                30 printed pages in this issue 



Ecology Front: Letter from Senator John McCain Legends of Old: Stone Soup Story
Eco-Notes: Home-Made Cleaning Supplies Letters to the Editor: Lost Cherokee Found Out
Elder's Meditation: The Real Meaning of Life MAIC Messages:  Manataka Exposed ?
Feature Story:  Definition of an American Indian Perspective: Genocide: Indian vs. Indian
Hawk Speaks: A Teacher Teaches Poetry Circle: Blessing of the Waters
Healing Basket: Crossings, Prayers, & Healings Tribal Politics: Disenrollment 
Health Front: Not in My Water Supply! Upcoming Events:  Volunteer Notices
Hill & Holler: Treaty Sought To Protect Tribes Web Site Updates:  October Added Web Pages
Justice Corner: Red Marbles Women's Circle: On Becoming A Woman
In the News:  Eyre to Direct "Indian Country"  Women's Medicine: I Have Seen the Rainbow
Inspirational: A Lesson in Life


Ghost Trails to Manataka

"Ghost Trails to Manataka is powerful, stirring music by a seasoned performer.  Del Lillard’s 

lyrical style is professional and intense. His brilliantly colored storytelling makes magical

the revelations of legend and history surrounding the romance of Manataka (Hot Springs)."




Purchase a Real Manataka Flag!


Have Pride 

Fly it High!


We are trying to raise money for the Elder's Welfare and Travel fund with these beautiful 3' x 5' feet, woven polyester Manataka flags.  Each long-lasting flag has two brass grommets and is suitable for indoor or outdoor use.



Our beautiful flags are not Wally World cheapies.  Each 3' x 5' flag is made from high-strength, top-quality woven polyester bunting material. Four full rows of stitching in the fly and two rows of white canvas header are carefully sewn around the entire outside border to provide excellent durability.


BUY NOW! $85.00

Flag Choice:



Manataka has the world's largest stock of American Indian Tribal Flags!









Event Elder Rick Wind Call-er Porea has issued a call for volunteers to assist with upcoming future gatherings. Workers are needed on the Membership table (2 hours only); Visitor Relations (security, parking); and Lodge Keeping. Please contact 



Wolf Dancers Needed. Rocky Thunder Wolf Miller of the Manataka Wolf Society is asking people who dance the Wolf or those who wish to learn to contact him.  The Wolf Society will dance during the upcoming Fall Gathering.  A wolf pelt is not required to dance. Powerful stuff. or 



Also See Powwow Now! One of the largest powwow calendars on the Internet today!


Paiute Prophet Wovoka Gravesite Dedication



[Shurz, Nevada] Descendants of Jack Wilson, otherwise known as Wovoka, invite the native community and supporters at large to a public rededication ceremony at the gravesite of their ancestor Wovoka, the Paiute Prophet and Messiah. The rededication ceremony will be held at the Shurz Cemetery in Shurz , Nevada on Saturday, November 19, 2005 at 11:00 am .


Wovoka, (1858-1932) a Northern Paiute, holds a special place in Native American history as the receiver of a vision in 1887.  In this vision Wovoka was told to teach his people to love each other, live in peace, work hard and not to steal. The vision revealed a ceremony which became known as the Ghost Dance. The four day Ghost Dance was popular throughout the Indian world, sparking a cultural revival among the indigenous people throughout the continent. Today his legacy continues as part of the Paiute culture and Native American history, uniting family, friends and ancestors.


All dancers and singers with Ghost Dance songs are welcome.


A potluck celebration will be held afterward in the Community Hall. Meat will be provided by the Walker River Paiute Tribe Cultural Committee.


There is no charge for admission. The Shurz Cemetery and Community Hall are located in Shurz, Nevada, a two hour drive south of Reno.


For more information, please contact Inez Jim at (775) 773-2306

A Creed To Live By

Don't undermine your worth by comparing yourself with others. 

It is because we are different that each of us are special. Don't set your goals by what other people deem important. Only do what is best for you.

Don't take for granted the things closest to your heart. Cling to them as you would your life, for without them life is meaningless.

Don't let life slip through your fingers by living in the past or in the future. By living one day at a time you live all days of your life.

Don't give up when you still have something to give. Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.

Don't be afraid to admit that you are less than perfect. It is the fragile thread that binds us to each other.

Don't be afraid to encounter risks. It is by taking chances that we learn how to be brave.

Don't shut love out of your life by saying it is impossible. The fastest way to lose love is to hold to it tightly, and the best way to keep love is to give it wings.

Don't dismiss your dreams. To be without dreams is to be without hope, to be without hope is to be without purpose.

Don't run through life so fast that you forget not only where you have been, but also where you are going. Life is not a race, but a journey to be savored each step of the way.


Ecology Front  


A Letter from Senator John McCain


Dear Manataka Members and Supporters,  


Recently, a number of my Senate colleagues and I traveled to Canada and Alaska to witness the devastating impacts of global warming on the Arctic. We left even more convinced of what we already knew: global warming is real and it’s not some future phenomenon – it’s here now. The impacts are visible if we just open our eyes to them. Visit my travel log at to learn more about the consequences of global warming that are clearly visible today.

Just as in Canada and Alaska, the impacts of global warming in other areas of the country are real and they are happening now. This week, the March is stopping in Buffalo Creek Minnesota. Read more about the impact of global warming on Buffalo Creek at

I’m marching so that we don’t hand our children and grandchildren a world vastly different from the one that we now inhabit. The March is almost halfway through its yearlong virtual tour around the United States. Our voices are amplified by the power of over 130,000 other voices marching together!

Visit to read more about my travels and details about our current stop at Buffalo Creek.

Thank you for the joining the March, and adding your voice to the many speaking out to raise public awareness of the urgent problem of global warming.


Senator John McCain
Stop Global Warning Marcher


If you would like to stop receiving updates on the progress of the Stop Global Warming Virtual March on Washington's progress, visit

Protect the Arctic Refuge

The moment we've been waiting for all year is here. Congress will soon cast its make-or-break vote on a budget reconciliation bill that would allow oil drilling in Alaska's Arctic Refuge. For more than a quarter century, activists including BioGems Defenders like you have helped beat back the oil lobby's attempts to transform this vibrant wildlife sanctuary into a polluting industrial complex of drill pads, gravel mines, roads, pipelines and processing facilities. Never before, though, has your immediate action been more critical. Shamelessly exploiting the September hurricanes, the Bush administration and congressional leaders are now pushing their destructive agenda harder than ever, putting the majestic homeland of polar bears, Arctic wolves and tens of thousands of caribou in imminent jeopardy.

Homemade, Eco-Friendly Cleaning Supplies

By Liora Leah


Homemade cleaning products use four simple ingredients: vinegar, soap, a "scrubber", and water. Oh, and don't forget the "elbow grease"!


Why make your own? As alternatives to most commercial cleaning products, these homemade ones don't cause indoor air pollution in your home, are less likely to harm the environment, and can be less expensive than commercial products.


I use Bon Ami or baking soda as the scrubber. Bon Ami is made out of calcium carbonate and is a biodegradable detergent containing no phosphates, chlorine, perfume or dye. I've been using it for years as an alternative to Ajax (chlorinated). It is readily found in the cleanser section of grocery stores.


Baking soda is sodium bicarbonate, a naturally occurring crystalline compound that is mildly abrasive yet soft and dissolves in water so it doesn't scratch. It is anti-fungal, and neutralizes the acidic components in grease, dirt, and unpleasant odors. It appears to be nontoxic. Baking soda requires more "elbow grease" than chlorinated powders such as Ajax but it "leaves you with a working windpipe" (1)(2)


I also use baking soda to eliminate odors in the refrigerator and it is good to put into toilets to get rid of smells. It's also handy to keep a box in the kitchen to put on grease fires--with my cooking skills, I've had to use it on occasion! 


Vinegar is the deodorizer and sanitizer. It is mildly acidic and helps kill bacteria and mold.  I use apple cider vinegar instead of white vinegar as I find the white vinegar too strong-smelling. And yes, the apple cider vinegar I buy is food-grade, the stuff you make salad dressing from. If you really want to be a zealot, buy organic apple cider vinegar for cleaning purposes! I use organic apple cider vinegar in the kitchen and bathroom to help get rid of mold around the sink and tub.


Soap cleans away dirt. Don't mix it with vinegar. I use liquid dish-washing soap diluted with water to clean my entire house. A little bit of soap goes a long ways: if you put too much in the water, you'll find yourself having to repeatedly rinse the soap bubbles off of whatever you are cleaning.


I use the simple solution of water and dish soap to clean the 'frig, wash the floors, counters, walls, windows (very diluted down), etc. I use the same solution, with a sprinkling of Bon Ami directly on the surfaces, to scrub bathroom tiles and sinks; after scrubbing and rinsing, I use the apple cider vinegar if there is mold. For a deodorizer for the toilet, after I've scrubbed and flushed with the soap solution, I pour in some baking soda and let it sit there.


My favorite brands of dishwashing soap are Seventh Generation and Planet. Both are biodegradable, non-toxic, unscented, dye-free, phosphate free, and vegetable-based (vs. petroleum-based). Seventh Generation is safe for grey water or septic systems. See below for more product information. Both brands are available in local health food stores.


Be in Good Health!

Thank you for going Green!

Liora Leah


Eco-Friendly Cleaning & Other Household Product Information: 


Seventh Generation  


Where to buy: 

Can't find these products in your local store? Try on-line shopping at Cari Amici for Seventh Generation, and other vegan, cruelty-free products:


Planet  can be found at, which sells other eco-friendly products

Planet is also sold in a lot of large chain grocery stores. You can check out the list in your area on their website   Planet will soon sell their products direct to the consumer, so check back on their "Direct Order" webpage which is currently under construction.


Consumers can readily find information about all their eco-friendly household product needs and where to buy them through the on-line catalog National Green Pages put out by Coop America: and click on "National Green Pages" rectangular green icon.  Example: I entered "cleaning products" in the "category" section and got a listing of 24 eco-friendly companies!   


Article Resource: 

(1) Ask Umbra/Grist Magazine:

(2) For excellent information about the hazards of chlorine, and alternatives to its use:





Manataka Exposed!?


Notice to Manataka members and interested members of the public regarding an apparent Internet "hate campaign" directed at Manataka.  Read the entire story...



NOTICE 1:     ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS DECLARED OPEN   New seats on the Elder Council were recently declared open.  The Education Elder position will concentrate on developing public school curriculum based on American Indian philosophy and coordinating presentations to schools, civic organizations and churches.  The Public Relations Elder position is being expanded to give more volunteer opportunities to members. Read More Information


NOTICE 2:    COMMITTEE ASSIGNMENTS    If you are a member and have not received a committee assignment, please contact the MAIC office now. 


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKET NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great.  Our project to help 79 NDN brothers and sisters caught in the grip of Katrina was good.  They are laughing again!  They have food, shelter, clothing, medical attention.  Thank you to all those who helped.  Creator knows who you are.


NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday of each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant on E. Grand.  

NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month. 


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Now you can pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or...


1.  Computer needed.  No key board, monitor or mouse are needed.  A larger mother board is needed for in-office work.

2.  Reams of ink jet paper
3.  Postage stamps
4.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

5.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size or location is  acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

6.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.



Manataka Video Store   New!



American Heritage Magazine (July-August 1998) 
"New Indian Country."
This editorial was published in "Indian Country Today" 

By JoAnn White Eagle  Thornton, Colorado 

To the Editor: 

Recently I read the American Heritage Magazine (July-August 1998) article on the "New Indian Country." The article mentions our revolts various nations have made over the many white men - and Native caused issues. Without saying so, it makes us out to be an Indian raiding party mindlessly killing homesteaders from a John Ford movie. 

And that made me wonder...

"What does being Native American mean?"
To me it isn't just going to pow wows, watching the dancers, wearing buckskin dresses and letting the steady drum beat restart my heart, my soul. It's more. 

My great-grandfather, Chief Bear Hunter, chief of his own Shoshoni Band, was Bear Clan, as was my grandmother. I, too, am Bear. It's not just wearing my bear claw necklace and choker every day to honor my grandmother, my clan. It's more. The eagle and hawk feathers I have were given to my grandmother by Nez Perce Chief Joseph in 1876 for her acts of bravery against the Blackfeet. It's not just wearing these same eagle or hawk feathers every day, going to the grocery store, in honor of my grandmother, my people the Eastern Shoshoni. 

It's more. 
Most Indians today wear the white clothing of JC Penny and not our Native ribbon shirts and calico dresses. 

"Being Indian is not just what clothes are being worn or not worn."

It's more.  
I speak to my blood Shoshoni grandmother Annie Yellow Hawk every day even though we burned her body atop an ancient burial scaffold 36 years ago. Then, in 1960, she was 100 years old. 

Still, being Indian is more.  Daily my prayers are made before a 150-year-old buffalo medicine skull, and my words are by the Creator.  "I know the Creator is in my heart, my spirit."

But it's more. 
Although I am Shoshoni, I was raised on the Nez Perce rez. Besides my real grandmother, five Nez Perce grandmothers also raised me. Their teachings are with me now. 

And yet, it's more. Today, totally disabled, I live in the Megalopolis of Denver and not on the reservation. I walk between the white and red worlds as we all do. 

Being Indian is more!  
The white culture sees us with a bit of awe, sheathed in leather and eagle feathers, as something from the not so recent past. We see ourselves in limbo not knowing where to stand: by the graves of our ancestors or wearing suit and tie in some corporate meeting.  And, if at the meeting, are we red, or are we white? 

To me being Native American is more than feathers, reservations, buffalo skulls, bear claws, belief in the spirit world of the sky walkers, red or white, being raised by grandmothers, clans, old beliefs and pow wows. 

I am a living being raised from the red clay of Mother Earth.  Her Spirit is in my breast.  Her breath is in my lungs.

My heart beats as her heart beats to the ceremonial drum. As a people we are more complicated than whites. Our heritage made us that way. And we are more complicated than blacks who were brought to America. 

We were the first footprints on this continent.  
That is our heritage.  A thousand boarding school nuns can't beat that out of us or cut it out as our braided hair hit the school floor.   We are as different from the white race as Oriental is from African.  Being different doesn't make us less. We are equal as anyone. Yet we are Indian. 

We are American Indian.  No clothing or schooling or place of residence will ever take that away.  My people's blood seeped back into Mother Earth in 1863 at the Battle of Bear River.  

My grandmother's eyes saw the death of her father, the chief, on that day -- "a good day to be reborn."  That is what makes me who I am today. Nothing will ever take it away! 

JoAnn White Eagle  Thornton, Colorado 


Posted on Indigenous Peoples Literature: October 22, 1998  Compiled by: Glenn Welker Copyright © 1996-2005





Book Shelf - Editor's Choice Book Shelf - Women's Council Choice

Tomorrow's Children

By Tsolagiu RuizRazo

Raising children in today's world is difficult.  This book teaches parents how to raise children according to traditional customs and values.  A good book! $21.95 Read More

Wisdom of Elders:

Traditional American Indian Food and Recipes 

70+ page, soft-bound cookbook is brimming with recipes, tribal profiles, authentic preparation methods, as well as colorful ideas for menu planning. $21.95

Sounds of Manataka - 

Feature of the Month

Book Shelf - Women's Council Choice

Ghost Trails to Manataka CD

By Del Lillard

Stirring music. Intense, emotional and beautiful. Hear the legends of the Place of Peace. A Moving Experience. Only $19.95  Read More

Wisdom Walkers

By Corina Roberts

A provocative novel about ancient North America and the journey of two women. Dispels migration myths.  Only $19.95  Read More

Environment Search Manataka - Find it Fast!
Protect Spirit Bear's Home Go Ahead Give It A Try
Health Watch Sights of Manataka - Videos
Diabeticine Herbal Miracle Dance, Crafts, History, Powwow & More
History Ghost Trails of Manataka  Powerfully moving!
Pocahontas' Earrings Spiritual 
Legends and Stories Life Honoring Way
Story of Grandmother Corn Trading Post -  Flags  


Survival of the Sundance

Pow Wow Now!  


Manataka Flag

Now Available!

Only $89






A Lesson in Life

Everything happens for a reason. Nothing happens by chance or by means of good or bad luck. Illness, injury, love, lost moments of true greatness and sheer stupidity all occur to test the limits of your soul. Without these small tests, if they be events, illnesses or relationships, life would be like a smoothly paved, straight, flat road to nowhere. 


If someone hurts you, betrays you , or breaks you heart, forgive them. For they have helped you learn about trust and the importance of being cautious to who you open your heart to.


If someone loves you, love them back unconditionally, not only because they love you, but because they are teaching you to love and opening your heart and eyes to things you would have never seen or felt without them.


Make every day count. Appreciate every moment and take from it everything that you possibly can, for you may never be able to experience it again.


Talk to people you have never talked to before, and actually listen. Hold your head up because you have every right to. Tell yourself you are a great individual and believe in yourself, for if you don't believe in yourself, no one else will believe in you either.


You can make of your life anything you wish. Create your own life and then go out and live it.

~Submitted by Romaine Garcia




Lost Cherokee Found Out



My Name is Doyle Turner, I am a member of the Oversight Committee of the Lost Cherokee tribe of Arkansas and Missouri. On behalf of the honest membership of the Lost Cherokee Tribe and all other Cherokees that have been dishonored by the actions of a few self appointed, please accept our apology.  


As I read your October 2005, Volume VII, Issue 10 Newsletter regarding 'When is an Indian not an Indian,' I felt your distress over the condemnable and possible criminal activities of the self appointed headmen and their council. 


Their actions and behavior have hurt more individuals than you can envision. But, 92% of the membership are attempting to eliminate this thorn in our side via a lawsuit ('Injunction') filed in Van Buren Co., Clinton Arkansas. 

Please read the attached letter to the editor and in all fairness publish it in your next Newsletter. 


I am certain this investigation into the federal Office of Indian Education, grants program, is the result of parallel investigations.        


From June 2004, Governmental officials, from the Van Buren County District Attorney to State government were aware of legal issues within the leadership of the Lost Cherokee and this situation with the federal Office of Indian Education and they did NOTHING.


Members of the Lost Cherokee Tribe formed the Oversight Committee in 2004 to investigate questionable activities by the current self appointed headmen and their council. The Oversight Committee filed a lawsuit in Van Buren Co., Court in September of 2004 to force an ‘injunction’ to temporarily halt their submission to the BIA for federal recognition only 728 names out of a total membership of over 10,000 individuals.


The Oversight Committee was placed under a Court ‘gag order’ in February 2005 to allow the self appointed headmen to conduct business as usual.  We have been legally denied our civic responsibility in reporting their very ‘questionable’ conduct. 


The students and schools are innocent and should not be held responsible for the misleading actions of a few self appointed headmen and their council. State and Federal officials must step forward and it is incumbent upon them to insure those responsible for fraudulently misleading school officials and students will be charged.


Doyle L. Turner, Tribal Member and Official Spokesperson for the Oversight Committee.



Manataka Wedding Thank You


We want to thank you for the blessing of our wedding ceremony during the Fall Gathering at Manataka.  The weekend meant so much to us and everyone at Manataka will remain forever in our hearts.  Not only did I gain a husband and Kenneth gained a new wife, but we now have a huge Manataka family.  We thank Bear and all the Elders for allowing us the privilege of being with you during this special time.


I can honestly say that coming to Manataka has completely changed our lives and we will come every year - we will make the trip an on-going tradition in our family.    I found out who I truly am.  I always knew I would find my true family one day -- and I have found that among all of you this weekend.  


Thank all of you for the wonderful weekend.  Thank you Creator for bringing us together as man and wife.  Thank you Mother Earth for your bounty and all that we see.  


We are looking forward to seeing everyone again!


~Ken and Shannon Riehle





Every one should respect others beliefs


Regarding the internet attacks against Manataka... Sounds to me that some one is hiding behind a skirt. People that don't know the truth can only talk trash.  I'm not a member of Manataka, but if I were going to talk trash, I would have the back bone to let you know who I am, not be spineless like a worm. I met a some of your members at the Bell powwow.  They treated me with respect and invited me to come to your gathering.  Every one should respect others beliefs, unless their beliefs disrespect others beliefs.  That is our way.  ~Doug Gonser




I watch the walk, and then judge the talk...


I was deeply saddened to read of the smear campaign being waged against the MAIC by these nameless cowards.  They never give their names, do they?  I've seen this happen so many times in the Native American community - spiritual leaders being smeared, attacks against political people - it sickens me.  And it almost always seems to come from someone named "Anonymous."  My father always used to say that if you wouldn't sign your name to your opinion, you should keep your opinion to yourself.  Anonymous attacks are the work of those without the courage to speak their minds openly in the Council Circle.  One cannot help but wonder why they will not stand up and speak in front of everyone.

I've been on the Red Road for more than 20 years now, and have had the great honor and privilege of sitting with some amazingly wise elders.  As they approach extreme old age, they all seem to have the
same thing to say:  Love one another.  Be good to one another.  Put aside jealousy and hatred.  Help one another.  I'm in the habit of listening carefully to people who are wiser than I am and generous enough to spend
their time trying to teach me what I don't know.  I do my best to honor them and their teachings.

So much hatred and divisiveness is becoming entrenched in government and bureaucracy, people hiding behind their uniforms and offices while promoting agendas of discord and disharmony.  Fear brings out the worst in people, and greed is just so ugly.  I applaud your stance of integrity in the face of this outrageous behavior; please let us know if there is anything we can do to support your efforts, letter-writing, whatever.


I for one have heard enough of this nonsense.  I watch the walk, and then judge the talk.  The members and leadership of Manataka are good, honorable people, unlike your attackers.  Your work in the world declares your good intentions.  Don't waste any more time on them - their hatred consumes them in the shadows.  Let them stay there.  Perhaps they will be inspired by you to come out into the light and live in harmony with the rest of us.

Blessings and love to you, and to the work you do for all of us.

Christina Maris

Eagle Sees Her / Quanah'che Mawokee
The Feathered Serpent Lodge
Albuquerque, New Mexico


Indian Humor - New Mexico Style

A New Mexico State Trooper pulled over a van on I-25 about ten miles north of "The Pit". When the trooper asked the driver why he was speeding the driver answered that he was a juggler and he was on his way to Sandia Casino to do a show that night and didn't want to be late. 

The trooper told the driver he was fascinated by the juggling, and if the driver would do a little juggling for him, he wouldn't give him a ticket. The driver told the trooper that he had sent all of his equipment on ahead and that he didn't have anything to juggle. 

The trooper told him that he had some flares in the trunk of his squad car and asked if he could juggle them. The juggler stated that he could, so the trooper got three flares, lit them and handed them to the juggler. 

While the man was doing his juggling act, an old pickup with expired plates pulled up behind the squad car. An Indian who was obviously intoxicated, staggered out and watched the performance briefly. He shook his
head, went over to the squad car, opened the door and got in. The trooper observed the man doing this and went over to his squad car opened the back door and asked the drunk what he thought he was doing?! 

The drunk replied..."Sha-Bro...might as well take me to jail...There's no way in hell I can pass THAT test!!"



Chris Eyre to Direct 'Indian Country: Native Americans in the 20th Century'

LOS ANGELES -- Chris Eyre will direct "Indian Country: Native Americans in the 20th Century," a four-part series to air on PBS television stations nationwide. The "Indian Country" series is the follow-up to the acclaimed 1995 miniseries "500 Nations." The new series will chronicle the history of Native American nations over the past 114 years, from the 1890 massacre of 300 Lakota at Wounded Knee to the present.

Celebrated Native American director Chris Eyre is an enrolled member of the Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma. Eyre's film "Smoke Signals" was the first feature film directed by a Native American to receive a national theatrical release and it won the Audience Award and the Filmmaker's Trophy at the Sundance Film Festival. His other films include 2002's "Skins," starring Graham Greene and Eric Schweig; the TV movies "Skinwalkers" (2002), "Edge of America" (2003) and "A Thief of Time" (2004); and 2005's "A Thousand Roads," a forty-minute widescreen film shown exclusively at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of the American Indian.

The series will show how Native American populations have grown eight-fold since Wounded Knee, how they are in
the process of reviving their cultural traditions, preserving their languages, prospering in new enterprises and even occasionally forcing the U.S. government to uphold its treaties.

The series, a tribute to the strength and persistence of the Native American nations, is aimed for national broadcast on public television, and for subsequent DVD and video distribution. A companion book and soundtrack CD are also planned, as are extensive educational materials and teaching guides to support and accompany
non-theatrical distribution.

Source - Katahdin Foundation
~Submitted by Helen RedWing



In Washington State, a little north of Seattle, is a river called the Stillaguamish, but it wasn't always called that.   It was originally named "Aguamish" after a local Indian tribe.  

When Lewis & Clark finally made their way to the west coast they came to the Aguamish tribe and met the chief who told them what the name of the river was and gave them a tour of  the area.  

Years later Merriweather Lewis returned and met the Aguamish chief again and the subject finally came around to the river:  

"Chief, I've been told that, because of so many white men have arrived in the area, many of the rivers are being renamed because they couldn't pronounce the names. Tell me, what is the name of your river now, please," Lewis pleaded.  

"Oh," replied the chief. "It's Stillaguamish." 


Submitted by Sheri Burnett


Elder's Meditation


"The real meaning of life is your family, the love that you have, the respect, the traditional ways, carrying on with them."  ~Ethel Wilson, Cowichan


The family is the seed of the future. The family is the key to the transfer of cultural information. We should really take a look at how we are looking at our families. Are we treating each family member with respect? Are we passing on the traditional ways?  Are we teaching the old songs? Are we participating in the ceremonies?  Are we showing the family members how to pray? Are we encouraging each family member to be spiritual?  Think about these things today.


My Creator, today, let me show respect to each family member.





Not in My Water Supply!

TIME Magazine 1016/05

It hardens teeth and prevents cavities, but 60 years after it began, fluoridation is meeting new resistance 

Somebody put a dead rat in Curtis Smith's mailbox. Someone else has made anonymous phone calls accusing him of trying to poison his neighbors. And all around the usually placid university town of Bellingham, Wash., activists from a group called Citizens Against Forced Fluoride have planted lawn signs adorned with skull and crossbones. "I had no idea it would get this intense," says Smith, 70, a retired dentist who is leading a Nov. 8 ballot initiative to add fluoride to the local drinking water. "These are very angry people."

Angry indeed: fluoridation to fight tooth decay, a hot-button issue from the 1950s--when it was attacked as a communist plot--is back on the front burner and not just in Washington State. Fueled by health concerns, cancer fears and a grass-roots campaign that has flooded the Internet with anti-fluoridation Web pages, citizens across the U.S. are increasingly suspicious of what the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) considers "one of the 10 great public-health achievements of the 20th century." In the past three years, legislation to encourage fluoridation has been defeated or tabled in Oregon, Arkansas, Nebraska and Hawaii. New battles are brewing in New Jersey, Massachusetts and across the Canadian border in Montreal. 

No one disputes the fact that fluoride, a natural element found in rocks and groundwater, protects tooth enamel. Since 1945, municipal systems serving 170 million Americans have added fluoride (mostly in the form of hydrofluorosilicic acid) to their water, and the prevalence of cavities in the U.S. has fallen dramatically. "A community can save about $38 in dental-treatment costs for every $1 invested in fluoridation," says William Maas, the CDC's director of oral health. "How many other investments yield that kind of return?"  

But much has changed since 1945, starting with our toothpastes. Today fluoride is an ingredient in most brands of dentifrice on the market. Because toothpaste is designed to be spit out, it's a more efficient way to get the decay-fighting ingredient where it is needed and nowhere else. Even some dentists, who see firsthand the benefits of fluoridation, wonder whether people who get fluoride from toothpaste should get it in their drinking water as well.   

What has also changed is how much toxicologists know about the harmful effects of fluoride compounds. Ingested in high doses, fluoride is indisputably toxic; it was once commonly used in rat poison. Hydrogen fluoride is regulated as a hazardous pollutant in emissions from chemical plants and has been linked to respiratory illness. Even in toothpaste, sodium fluoride is a health concern. In 1997 the Food and Drug Administration toughened the warning on every tube to read, "If more than used for brushing is accidentally swallowed, get medical help or contact a poison-control center right away."  

The most recent--and controversial--charge links fluoridation with bone cancer. In June the Environmental Working Group (EWG), a watchdog organization, petitioned the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to list fluoride in tap water as a carcinogen. The group cited "decades of peer-review studies" on fluoride's "ability to mutate DNA and its known deposition on the ends of growing bones, the site of osteosarcoma"--a rare, often fatal cancer that affects mainly boys.  

Federal health officials view those concerns as exaggerated. Current standards rely on a 1993 review of published studies by the National Academy of Sciences, which found "no credible evidence for an association between fluoride in drinking water and the risk of cancer." The academy has launched a new review to be released in February.

The stakes were raised in July when Harvard University opened an investigation into whether a prominent dentistry professor had suppressed research by one of his doctoral students in a report to the NIH. The 2001 thesis showed a sevenfold increased risk of osteosarcoma in preadolescent boys from fluoridated water. The supervising professor, Chester Douglass, edits a newsletter funded by Colgate--which makes fluoridated toothpaste--creating "the appearance of a conflict of interest," according to the EWG, which filed a charge of "scientific misconduct" with the federal agency. Douglass was unavailable for comment, but a Harvard spokesman said the university takes the allegations "seriously."  

Meanwhile, unions representing 7,000 employees at the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have waded into the debate. The optimal level of fluoride in water, according to the CDC, is between 0.7 and 1.2 parts per million. In 1985 political appointees at the EPA raised the acceptable level of fluoride in drinking water to 4 p.p.m., over objections from agency scientists. The Natural Resources Defense Council sued the agency, charging that the safety margin was inadequate, but in 1987 a U.S. district court ruled that the EPA administrators had the authority to set fluoride levels. EPA union representatives reopened the issue in August, calling on EPA administrator Stephen Johnson to issue a moratorium on fluoridation and to set a goal of zero fluoride in tap water. "The EPA has an ethical duty to send an effective warning immediately about this hazard," they said.

All this makes for a potent mix, especially when filtered through the Internet, where health-safety concerns tend to get amplified. Much of the opposition to the fluoridation initiative in Bellingham comes from people like Lane Weaver, a fire-alarm technician, and his wife Danelle, a housewife and mother of two. When they first heard about the issue this summer, the Weavers Googled the word fluoridation. Nine of the first 10 items that came up were decidedly anti-fluoride. "I was horrified," says Danelle. "Why would I want to put a toxic industrial chemical in my children's bodies?" She joined Citizens Against Forced Fluoride, and now--with a 6-in.-high stack of scientific studies gleaned from the Web--she staffs an information booth at the local farmers' market.  

If the risks of water fluoridation are hotly debated, quantifying its benefits is also tricky. In the 1950s, advocates claimed a 60% drop in cavities. But with the spread of fluoride toothpastes and the use of plastic sealants by dentists, decay has plummeted even in regions where there is little or no fluoride in the water. A 2001 CDC study found that by the time they were 12, kids in fluoridated communities averaged only 1.4 fewer cavities than those in non-fluoridated areas. And even in fluoridated cities, severe decay remains rampant among the poor--partly because some 85% of dentists, according to state surveys, reject Medicaid patients. Still, for those with little dental care, water fluoridation makes a difference, contends Bellingham's Curtis Smith. "Twenty percent of our kids account for 80% of the cavities," he says. "With fluoride in the water, they would get a blast every time they drink."

But in parsing risks, Bellingham is also weighing an undisputed side effect of ingestion. The CDC recently announced that 32% of American children now have some form of dental fluorosis, a white or brown mottling of the teeth. U.S. health officials see it as a cosmetic issue, largely caused by ill-advised swallowing of toothpaste, while fluoride critics say it shows that children are accumulating too much fluoride overall. The World Health Organization sets a fluoride-safety standard of 1.5 p.p.m.--well below the EPA's 4-p.p.m. rule--partly to prevent enamel fluorosis. And in Western Europe, where the drop in tooth decay in recent decades is as sharp as that in the U.S., 17 of 21 countries have either refused or discontinued fluoridation, contending that fluoride toothpastes offer adequate protection. (Only Ireland adds fluoride to most of its water systems, while Switzerland fluoridates its salt.)

Those facts, recycled through Web-savvy organizations like the Fluoride Action Network, are stirring up activists. While city councils and water boards tend to fluoridate when they have the power, the electorate is far more divided. Over the past five years, the practice was voted down in 38 of 79 referendums, from Modesto, Calif., to Worcester, Mass. "The Internet is making it light-years more difficult to fluoridate," says Smith. The Washington State Dental Association is backing his $300,000 pro-fluoride campaign. Danelle Weaver and her friends, meanwhile, have raised less than $10,000. But they are undaunted. "People think we are tinfoil hatters," says Weaver, "but we're just average families who take the time to research and want what's best for our children." That goal is the only thing both sides seem to share.  


Health Watch...



Among American Indians


According to the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC),  "...diabetes  is a chronic epidemic among American Indians."  On average, they are 2.8 times as likely to have diagnosed diabetes as non-Hispanic whites of similar age.  For example, among the Pima Indians of Arizona, about 50 percent of people between the ages of 30 and 64 have diabetes.  From 1984 to 1986, diabetes was the sixth leading cause of death among American Indians and Alaska Natives.  Between 1986 and 1988, the death rate for diabetes in American Indians is estimated to be 4.3 times the rate in non-Hispanic whites.  Diabetes contributes to several of the leading causes of death in American Indians: heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, pneumonia, and influenza.


     Manataka is deeply committed to helping our brothers and sisters combat this terrible disease.  Here are two suggestions that will help:


1.  Fight the Cause: Stop eating government commodities - especially white flour, white sugar, white salt, white rice -- if it is white -- it ain't right!  


2.  Treat the Cause:  Take Diabeticine tablets daily for at least six months.   


Diabeticine™ is proven to be successful and goes to the cellular level to lower your blood sugar level, lower your insulin resistance, and increase insulin production. It contains all-natural ingredients, in its purest form, that are essential to making it gentle and effective, unlike prescription drugs that may have harmful side-effects to you. Diabeticine™ has been scientifically engineered and a partial list of the ingredients are:  


Banaba, Guggle, Bitter Melon, Licorice extract, Cinnamon herb powder, Gymnema Sylvestre, Yarrow, Cayenne, Juniper Berries, Huckleberry, Vanadyl Sulfate



Tribal Politics...


By Richard K. DeAtley / The Press-Enterprise


By Andrea Crambit

Tribal ousters also take identity

DISENROLLMENT: Efforts to alter membership may cost Indian culture the most, some observers say.

American Indians from across California and the Inland area are fighting their removal from once-poor tribes now prospering with casino riches. But being cut off from millions of dollars is only part of their pain.

Even as the issue plays out in court, observers fear the damage to Indian culture, family and tradition -- keenly felt by many California tribes -- may far outweigh lost money, insurance and benefits.

"It's horrifying to see what is happening to our Indian Country," said Laura Wass, a former American Indian Movement leader who is now director of the American Indian Legacy Center in Fresno.

Tribes have defended in court their right to be left alone to decide who is a member and who is not. And the courts have generally agreed with their right to sovereignty or self-governance.

'Pechanga Identity'
"The right to determine our citizenship is central to Pechanga's identity as a distinct sovereign government," Pechanga Chairman Mark Macarro said in a statement.

The Inland tribe, which operates a casino near Temecula, is embroiled in one of the most closely watched disenrollment cases in California. 

"Indian nations never consented to be part of the United States through the U.S. Constitution," said Carole Goldberg, who directs UCLA's Joint Degree Program in Law and Native American Studies. "These are
pre-existing governments that ought to retain the authority, at the very least, to define themselves."

Casino profit sharing among some tribes has increased the impact of disenrollment. The tribes' recent prosperity has prompted some people to seek membership. Some longtime members find their previously
unchallenged affiliation now under review.

Across the country, "tribes are presented with difficult questions about who belongs after long periods of inattention to those issues by both the tribes and the would-be members," Goldberg said by phone.

Slice of the Pie
The dismissals have been designed to increase profit shares for remaining members, argue lawyers who seek court intervention in membership disputes.

"They know if they admit more members, their slice of the pie gets smaller," said Brian Leighton, a Clovis lawyer speaking by phone. Leighton, who represents four siblings seeking admission to the Table Mountain Rancheria, a small Fresno-area tribe, said each enrolled member receives $26,000 a month in casino profits.

"Indians are not corrupt," said Oklahoma lawyer Jon Velie. "Indian tribes are not corrupt. But corrupt tribal people are getting into power in tribes, and they believe they cannot be held accountable for their actions."

Velie represents some of about 135 family members ousted from the Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians.

He said losses to the approximately 135 members over the past 21 months amount to about $42 million in payouts. They also have lost benefits such as health insurance, according to Velie.

Macarro, the Pechanga chairman, said in a statement that his tribe's disenrollment actions took place before "we ever had a casino as well as after, quite independent of our business activities. Contrary to the allegations of a few, this matter has nothing to do with politics or profits."

But whatever the reasons or monetary losses from disenrollment, it's tearing families apart, Wass said.

"It's like slicing people open and leaving them there for generations -- that's what this is doing," she said by phone. "There are sisters and brothers, one is recognized and one is not. What does that do to a family?"

Wass puts the number of American Indians in California who have been either disenrolled or shut out of tribes at between 4,000 and 5,000. The Associated Press recently reported that at least 1,160 people are actively fighting to belong to 14 California tribes.

John Gomez Jr., a member of the disenrolled Pechanga group, said the loss of health insurance and a share of casino money -- $15,000 a month when he was cut off -- is nothing compared with the loss of cultural ties.

"The money, it was nice and it was part of the privileges you had as member," Gomez said.

"But the most important part was someone telling you, despite everything you know and everything they know, and everything that was written ... to have someone tell you that (your heritage) no longer exists. That's the most devastating thing," he said. 

He and the others lost membership in the band after its enrollment committee questioned whether the family's ancestor, Manuela Miranda, and her grandfather, Pablo Apis, belonged to the original Pechanga Band.

Gomez and the others have sued the enrollment committee's members as individuals, saying they did not follow tribal rules in voting to oust the Apis-Miranda family members.

Sovereignty Upheld
Appellate courts have recently refused to intervene in membership challenges, including the California 4th District in Riverside in the Pechanga case and the U.S. 9th Circuit regarding the Fresno-area Table Mountain Rancheria.

For California tribal members, there is little recourse because most the state's tribes do not have their own court systems. 

That doesn't matter, says Assistant U.S. Attorney Debora Gayle Luther, who argued successfully against federal intervention in the Table Mountain Rancheria case.

"They don't have to model their government after the United States," she said. "The fact that it has a tribal council and a general council is enough of a remedy" for a resolution within the tribe.

Judges have used their opinions to express frustration. 

The 4th District Court said it turned aside arguments from Pechanga disenrollees "with some reluctance." A footnote explained, "Our ruling means that plaintiffs have no formal judicial remedy for the alleged injustice."

In the case it considered, the 9th Circuit said a claim by four siblings to membership in the Table Mountain Rancheria "appears to be a strong one, as their father is a recognized member of the tribe."

The federal panel said they could not remedy the situation. "This case is deeply troubling on the level of fundamental justice, " the opinion said.

The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals in the Table Mountain case cited "the double jurisdictional whammy of sovereign immunity and a lack of federal court jurisdiction to intervene in tribal membership disputes." It concluded that resolution "is in the hands of a higher authority than our court."

The 4th District's Pechanga decision said the issue needed to be resolved "in the political arena, not the judicial forum."

Wass of the American Indian Legacy Center in Fresno said Congress needs to recast the governing laws about tribal recognition to make membership indisputable.

Velie, who represents the disenrolled Apis-Miranda family members in the Pechanga case, believes an avenue exists for state-court intervention in California Indian tribal matters. He also thinks a 1978 U.S. Supreme
Court decision that upheld a tribe's sovereignty in a membership rule challenge and cut off federal intervention in such cases is too broad.

"There needs to be accountability in Indian Country... members need to have their day in court," Velie said by phone. "They can lose if they are wrong, but they have to have the ability to get there."

A petition for the Pechanga case was filed Monday with the California Supreme Court, which will decide whether to hear it.

Another suit, seeking damages from Pechanga members accused of pushing for the family group's removal, is working its way through Riverside County Superior Court.

Pat Sekaquaptewa, director of Tribal Legal Development at UCLA School of Law, warns about changes coming from the outside for any tribe.

"Reforms are critical things for tribes to engage in, but that is the choice of the membership and the leadership of the tribe," she said by phone.

"Any effort by outsiders to speed that up will result in the form not sticking. This is a learning process and a developing process of a people."

Restraint Required 
Despite their doubts, the courts had to show restraint, said Goldberg, a UCLA law professor. They are guided by the Supreme Court's 1978 ruling.

Goldberg said intervention from the outside should be triggered only by "International human-rights issues." "If they don't rise to that level, they are internal matters," she said.

Leighton, the lawyer in the Table Mountain dispute, says his clients are facing that now.

"Foreign prisoners in Guantánamo have more rights than American citizens who also happen to be Indians in the United States," he said. He plans to file for a rehearing in his case. 

There has been a recent case in which a court agreed to review at least one portion of a membership dispute.

In August, a federal judge in Fresno said he would consider a case in which two women were banished from a tribe. But his review will address only whether their right to due process was observed, not whether the tribe had the right to banish.

Staff writer Michelle DeArmond contributed to this report.

~Submitted by Andrea Crambit, Indigenous News Network 





 By Liora Leah


As I drink of this water

may it co-mingle

with the waters of my body

bringing health and wholeness to my being.

Just as I am made pure and whole again,

may the waters of the Earth's body

be made pure again

so that every drop of water

from the tiniest puddle

to the mightiest ocean

be cleansed and made whole again.

May every living being upon the planet

from the smallest microorganism

to the largest beast

partake of Earth's purified waters

and be made whole and well again.

May praise and thanks be given at this time

to She/He who has no name and many names

for allowing this to happen.

And so it is.




By Susan Bates




Treaty Sought To Protect Tribes

    The Umatilla Tribes of Oregon presented a proposal last June to the National Congress of American Indians, which would create a United League of Indigenous Nations. From that proposal has come the 'Treaty of Indigenous Nations of the Western Hemisphere' which is being designed to stop cultural property theft, re-establish ancient trade agreements and co-manage environmental protections for tribal homelands."

According to Alan Parker, coordinator and former staff director to the U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, (the goals of the treaty are) ''to enable us to protect our cultural property by unification of nations, thus strengthening the role of American Indians and Pacific Rim Natives around the principle of all peoples respecting indigenous law.''

Source: Indian Country Today

Anti - Indian Ruling Handed Down From Supreme Court

The Oneida Nation of New York has been denied the right to place purchased land under tribal jurisdiction. The Oneida Nation has bought 17,000 acres of their ancestral homeland, but was told by the court in the case of The City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of N.Y. that "any 'remedy' for Indian land claims that might 'seriously disrupt' existing expectations of the non-Indian community" would not be tolerated. In other words, they can't take their land off city tax rolls. 


Writing for the majority, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg said, ''Generations have passed during which non-Indians have owned and developed the area that once composed the tribe's historic reservation.''.........''The Oneidas long ago relinquished the reins of government and cannot regain them through open-market purchases from current titleholders.''  

Source: Indian Country Today

Brownback Again Urges Apology

In a statement on the Senate floor, Kansas Senator Sam Brownback urged the US Government to apologize to Indian People for making "poor and painful choices" concerning broken treaties and other failed Indian policies. 

The full title of Brownback's measure is, "A joint resolution to acknowledge a long history of official depredations and ill-conceived policies by the United States Government regarding Indian tribes and offer an apology to all Native Peoples on behalf of the United States."

An identical bill never came up for a vote last year. Since the apology is in the form of a resolution, it doesn't need the signature of President Bush. It also isn't legally binding on the government.

Words are cheap.


Piestewa Family Surprised With New Home on Extreme Makeover

[PRNewswire -]
The season finale of ABC's Emmy winning program, Trading Spaces, will also be a first.... the first Native American Family and Native American Sponsors on an Emmy winning program. Ty Pennington's "Good Morning" call brought surprise and joy to Percy and Terry Piestewa, parents of Army Spec. Lori Piestewa who lost her life during Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Piestewas are raising Lori's two children. The National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) helped raise funds for the new home. The San Manuel Band of Mission Indians from Southern California is assisting
with the project.

Quote Of The Month

"The earth was created by the assistance of the sun, and it should be left as it was.... The Country was made without lines of demarcation and it is no man's business to divide it.... I see the whites all over the country gaining wealth and see their desire to give us lands which are
worthless. The earth and myself are of one mind. The measure of land and the measure of our bodies are the same. Say it to us if you can say it, that you were sent by Creator to talk to us. Perhaps you think the Creator sent you here to destroy us as you see fit. If I thought you were sent by the Creator I might be induced to think you had a right to dispose of me. Do not misunderstand me, but understand me fully with reference to my affection to the land. I never said the land was mine to do with as I chose. The one who has a right to dispose of it is the one
who has created it. I claim a right to live on my land, and accord you the privilege to live on yours." 

---------Heinmot Tooyalaket "Chief Joseph" Nez Perce




Today's genocide: Indians ~ vs. ~ Indians.

Tamra "Wolf Lady" Brennan



Tribal disenrollement and the blood quantum issue are spreading throughout Indian Country like a deadly cancer, eating away the cells of our existence.   


Tribal gaming has attributed to and brought the dominant cultures disease, greed. Before the existence of tribal gaming, tribes suffered from poverty, unemployment, apathy and no sense of a brighter future to come. The sudden wealth that tribal members have experienced has forced them into a new realm they have never known. California gaming tribes pay their enrolled members amounts up to $45,000 a month in gaming revenues. Tribal gaming has ignited old family feuds and corrupt leadership in several cases. If tribal members do not agree with council decisions they risk tribal disenrollement, in a few cases it has been entire families. This leaves more revenues available to divide among the remaining tribal members. This has become a lucrative benefit adding thousands of dollars in their corrupt pockets.     


Many of these reservations have non-Indians running their tribal councils. These people are part of families that were adopted into the tribe many years ago and have taken control, disenrolling families that have been on the reservation for generations. Many of the California Tribes have been severely affected by this epidemic, with approximately 1500 disenrolled tribal members and many more currently being threatened.    


Several tribes have diversified in their economic development and have succeeded in benefiting for the tribe. Many have invested millions of dollars in developing programs to care for elders, children, preserving their culture and language. Unfortunately, for some the other side is greed, which has resulted in tribes turning on each other, family feuds, hate, drugs, violence and attempted murder in several cases. 


Many of the disenrolled tribal members have filed lawsuits with the courts, have requested investigations from the B.I.A. and other agencies, only to continually be rejected or told it is a family issue not a federal issue. The disenrolled tribal members are left with nowhere to turn and to defend themselves. What this amounts to is, a modern day cultural genocide and is resulting in what we have been fighting since 1492, only now, it is Indians ~vs~ Indians. We are falling into what the dominant society has been attempting to accomplish for hundreds of years; to conquer and divide. All Native people will be affected by this in the end. Can they not see what this is doing to the people of Turtle Island ? Have they already become assimilated into the dominant culture and it’s too late to turn back? Our ancestors fought against genocide with thousands giving their lives to protect the way of life for the people. How would they feel about what is happening today? I think they would be disgusted and appalled with this disease that is tearing apart and dividing Indian Country. Our survival as Native people will only be achieved though unity and living as one people inhabiting Turtle Island . Tribal gaming should have strengthened tribal sovereignty, brought financial freedom to the people and given hope for the future generations. Instead in some cases, it has brought disunity and greed. This new wealth has become like the modern day General Custer, dominating and destroying the people in Indian Country.     


Some of these cases of tribal disenrollement have developed due to the blood quantum issues. Tribes can change their guidelines on what percentage constitutes being “Indian” and/or a tribal member. For generations tribes have mixed with other tribes, whites and many other cultures. A tribal member or entire family can possibly be disenrolled due to this change in policy, even if they have resided on the reservation for generations.   


There have been dozens of cases of tribes being denied federal recognition by the B.I.A. because they can not prove their blood quantum. There are full blood Indians that can not get a tribal card because they either are not from a Federally Recognized Tribe, or they have mixed Native blood and do not have enough “blood” from one specific tribe to enroll. In these cases the bottom line is, you are told by the government, you are not recognized as being “Indian”. One thought that comes to mind is; why is the B.I.A. still governing and determining who is and who is not, Indian? Our voices need to be heard, we need to stand up and fight this unfair justice once and for all. 


Another variable of the blood quantum issue that currently divides Indian Country is people that have mixed blood; Indian with white, African American or Asian decent. For hundreds of years Native people have been intermixing with many other cultures resulting in varied physical appearances.  Many eastern tribes have people who are full blood tribal members and have lighter features than many western tribes. There are people that have been mistaken as being “white,” by other native people, when if fact they are not. If someone is part white, African American or Asian, does that make them a non-Indian? How is telling a mixed blood or non tribally recognized person that they are not Indian, any different than the racism that has happened to all Native people for 513 years? My response to that is simply, “I’m part white but can’t prove it.”    


It is bad enough that we continue to fight for our rights and what we are entitled to with the government, why continually fight each other? Today we continue to be suppressed, ignored and our cultures disrespected. The continual division in Indian Country over tribal gaming, disenrollement issues and blood quantum issues could ultimately destroy us. Will people stand up and fight for being Indian, or will they become absorbed into mainstream society? If everyone would unite as one people, one nation, we would become stronger and more powerful. This would be a step forward in ensuring as Indian people we don’t loose our ways, or let them succeed in their pursuit of Native People’s becoming extinct. 


Written by: Tamra Brennan "Wolf Lady" Mixed blood Cherokee Stepping forward, helping to make a difference for our people in Indian Country, one day at a time. What will you do today to help make a difference?     For additional information about on-going issues in Indian Country and daily headlines please visit



When I was just a young boy, I was asked by my grandfather, "How is school Little Hawk? Is your teacher nice?"  


I answered, "Yes Grandfather she is very nice but she is always asking questions!" 


Grandfather then explained why a teacher must ask a lot of questions in order to see if the student was learning or not. 


Since childhood I learned a lot about the art of teaching. For example, when a driver's education teacher instructs students about traffic laws and courtesies of road in the classroom, teaching does not stop there.  The teacher must also take the students out in a vehicle where they can drive in traffic and learn first hand what was taught in the classroom.  So we must be guides as well as teachers. 


The same way with the muscles in the human body, if they are not used, they soon turn to fat so, by using our teaching abilities we not only help our students and those who will listen to us, we also help ourselves by using what we have received. 


We give teaching freely because we receive it freely, the way Creator has intended us to do.  


~Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman





Manataka has access to the world's largest stock of licensed and 

authorized American Indian Tribal Flags.  



Contact MAIC Today!  501-627-0555 or




A lot of folks can't understand how we came to have an oil shortage here in our country.

Well, there's a very simple answer.

Nobody bothered to check the oil.

We just didn't know we were getting low.

The reason for that is purely geographical. Our oil is located in
Alaska , California , Coastal Florida,
Coastal Louisiana, Kansas, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, and Texas .

But, our dip sticks are in
Washington D.C.!



On Becoming A Woman

Before the coming of the White Race, Traditional Indigenous People valued their women highly, for it is she alone who has the ability to give life. Respecting women's power and incorporating her into all aspects of society kept everything in balance. And it was the constant strive for balance - the perfect tension between male and female - that kept our People strong.


From the time they were little girls, women were taught their importance to the clan, village, and tribe. When a young Cherokee girl had her first moon time, a special ceremony called an Ataniska, was held for her. 


Much thought and preparation went into this ceremony and it was a joyous occasion. The girl was presented with a belt of white wampum which she was to wear around her hips until she got married. Her sisters and elders gathered around her and taught her what being a woman was all about. She was counseled that she should not give herself away too cheaply for she was a prize of great value to be won by the best man. And since she would one day bring children into this world, she should choose her husband with great care.  


Cherokee women had great dignity born of self worth. Their moral standards were high and men and women respected each other and themselves. All that changed when the "superior race" stole the land. To do that, they had to destroy the culture of those that Creator had given it to.  


I often think about how it was and how it is now. Sex is a valuable marketing tool used to sell everything from cars to hamburgers. Women are not respected and don't even respect themselves. In this "Flash and Trash" culture we've created, we've allowed ourselves to become little more than sex objects to be used and discarded when we're past our "prime."  


Those of us who don't fit the ideals created by Hollywood, aren't deemed "worthy." Gray hair, once a symbol of wisdom, is handled with "Loving Care." A thousand magic potions are guaranteed to erase wrinkles. Young girls starve themselves to death to be one of the "beautiful people." But no matter how beautiful the package, if the spirit inside is shriveled and rancid, then there is nothing of value.  


Traditional Peoples still honor the New Woman. Today it is more important than ever to do so, for when woman regains her rightful place in society, the balance will be restored. Cherokee call this the emergence of the 5th world. I urge all of you who are coming back together as tribal people to bring back your New Woman's Ceremonies. It is not the big things that will bring about the changes we're all waiting for, but the small basic understandings of who we are and how it was and will be again.


Submitted by Susan Bates, Missouri, Hill & Holler Column



I Have Seen the Rainbow

By Magdala, Maya Priestess


Beautiful Ones,


The time of the bad dream of separation has being ended, now it is the new beginning, we are all in labor times, so beautiful! yet strong times, this is the time to everyone is need it to hold the unity in the hearts, to be-live in the divine sacred self that it is taking all human being into the new realm of freedom and love. 


The new way of expression has being born from the sacred feminine, and we are need it to nurtured and love the new beginning.


As we  get involve and put our hearts into trusting the spirit in all living thing we are opening a new awareness in the heart, the new understanding and put in motion the world of oneness


In that way, we are healing ourselves and the Great Mother is receiving all this love from her babies, yes, we have come back to her ways, the ways of the bonding, the perfect expression of the spirit it is already here. and all human being, the true human being are dancing with it.


We are uncovered the new way, now the true human beginning understand that it is coming from the heart and not from the outside world, we are creating the new tapestry, with all the spectrum of the rainbow colors, sooo beautiful!  


We have seen the rainbow, it is everywhere, up in north, in the south, in the east and the west, all interconnected creating the rainbow from within, and all true humans are participating.


The time of the ancestors have come, through the rainbow of oneness, ......they have open the doors of the true colors, now we all can enter in a beautiful way.


The perfect sacred circle of rainbow, now we hold hands as we love, and understand deep in our hearts embracing the light and the beauty that we all are.


I am you, Magdala  



Red Marbles


Babs Miller was bagging some early potatoes for me. I noticed a small boy, delicate of bone and feature, ragged but clean, hungrily apprising a basket of freshly picked green peas.

I paid for my potatoes but was also drawn to the display of fresh green peas. I am a pushover for creamed peas and new potatoes. Pondering the peas, I couldn't help overhearing the conversation between Mr. Miller and the ragged boy next to me.

"Hello Barry, how are you today?"

"H'lo, Mr. Miller. Fine, thank ya. Jus' admirin' them peas . sure look good."

"They are good, Barry. How's your Ma?"

"Fine. Gittin' stronger alla' time."

"Good. Anything I can help you with?"

"No, Sir. Jus' admirin' them peas."

"Would you like to take some home?"

"No, Sir. Got nuthin' to pay for 'em with."

"Well, what have you to trade me for some of those peas?"

"All I got's my prize marble here."

"Is that right? Let me see it."

"Here 'tis. She's a dandy."

"I can see that. Hmmmmm, only thing is this one is blue and I sort of go for red. Do you have a red one like this at home?"

"Not zackley . but almost."

"Tell you what. Take this sack of peas home with you and next trip this way let me look at that red marble."

"Sure will. Thanks Mr. Miller."

Mrs. Miller, who had been standing nearby, came over to help me. With a smile she said, "There are two other boys like him in our community, all three are in very poor circumstances. Jim just loves to bargain with them for peas, apples, tomatoes, or whatever. When they come back with their red marbles, and they always do, he decides he doesn't like red after all and he sends them home with a bag of produce for a green marble or an orange one, perhaps."

I left the stand smiling to myself, impressed with this man. A short time later I moved to Colorado but I never forgot the story of this man, the boys, and their bartering.

Several years went by, each more rapid that the previous one Just recently I had occasion to visit some old friends in that Idaho community and while I was there learned that Mr. Miller had died. They were having his viewing that evening and knowing my friends wanted to go, I agreed to accompany them. Upon arrival at the mortuary we fell into line to meet the relatives of the deceased and to offer whatever words of comfort we could.

Ahead of us in line were three young men. One was in an army uniform a and the other two wore nice haircuts, dark suits and white shirts .. all very professional looking.

They approached Mrs. Miller, standing composed and smiling by her husband's casket. Each of the young men hugged her, kissed her on the cheek, spoke briefly with her and moved on to the casket.

Her misty light blue eyes followed them as, one by one, each young man stopped briefly and placed his own warm hand over the cold pale hand in the casket. Each left the mortuary awkwardly, wiping his eyes.

Our turn came to meet Mrs. Miller. I told her who I was and mentioned the story she had told me about the marbles. With her eyes glistening, she took my hand and led me to the casket.

"Those three young men who just left were the boys I told you about.! They just told me how they appreciated the things Jim "traded" them. Now, at last, when Jim could not change his mind about color or size ... they came to pay their debt."

"We've never had a great deal of the wealth of this world," she confided, "but right now, Jim would consider himself the richest man in Idaho."

With loving gentleness she lifted the lifeless fingers of her deceased husband. Resting underneath were three exquisitely shined red marbles.

Moral: We will not be remembered by our words, but by our kind deeds.

Life is not measured by the breaths we take, but by the moments that take our breath

Today .. I wish you a day of ordinary miracles .. ... A fresh pot of coffee you didn't make yourself .. An unexpected phone call from an old friend . Green stoplights on your way to work . The fastest line at the grocery store . A good sing-along song on the radio . Your keys right where you left them.

They say it takes a minute to find a special person, An hour to appreciate them, A day to love them, But an entire life to forget them.

Send this to the people you'll never forget. If you don't send it to anyone, it means you are in too much of a hurry






Crossing Over...

Donna John - Youngest daughter of Navajo Medicine Chief Danny John and Lavina John passed Sept. 17 while giving birth.  Donna was hurt by a military intern Doctor at the Fort Defiance Indian Hospital. The Johns have run the Wheatfield Sundance for many years.  

"Beauty is before me,
And beauty is behind me.
Above and below me hovers the beautiful.
I am surrounded by it.
I am immersed in it.
In my youth I am aware of it,
And in old age I shall walk quietly
The beautiful trail."



In Memory of My Father 

Oreste (Ray) Maltagliati - 3/7/21 - 10/9/05


On the day I die, when I'm being
carried toward the grave, don't weep.
Don't say, "He's gone!  He's gone!"
Death has nothing to do with going away.
The sun sets and the moon sets,
but they're not gone.  Death
is a coming together.
The tomb looks like a prison,
but it's really release
into Union.
The human seed goes down in the ground
like a bucket into the well where Joseph is.
It grows and comes up full
of some unimagined beauty.
Your mouth closes here
and immediately opens
with a shout of joy there.


Sickness and Injuries 

Clay Charlton -Father of Heather Charlton in critical condition in the ICU in Asheville, NC ~Jennifer Attaway

Grandfather Russell Loud Hawk ~ [Rapid City, SD 10/01] Founder of the Takola Akicita and the 85 year-old Elder who hid Leonard Peltier remains stable but in intensive care at Denver's University Hospital.   His back is fractured in four places and his spleen was compromised.  ~Cherokee Mangus

Beulah Maltagliati - Pray for my beloved dog, Beulah (my soul mate!), going on 15 and ill with pancreatitis. 

Delores - Sister-in-law attempted suicide, nearly succeeded over her marriage breakup. ~Mountain Wind Song

Susan Barnett - Brain and nerve injury with lots of pain from a car accident. ~Ruth King

Vinson Family - Helen RedWing and GrayBeard - RedWing having problems with neck and back pain - rotator cup misalignment.  Walking better without a cane some.  Graybeard general health ailments.  Grand daughter Reagan Vinson diagnosed with serious disease.  Pray for these good people. Graybeard was recently forced into early retirement by the U.S. Post Office after 26 years of good service.  The family is financially needy and needs your help now!  Please say you will help!



Alaris - Premature baby at Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City.  She was born very early but is very strong! She is home and doing well now.  Thank You.  ~ Sam White Eagle Soars.

Alida Baker, James Greason, Judy Filmore, Jessica, Jeremy King, Bobby Joe Runninbear 



Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update.  We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 


Legends of Old...


Stone Soup Story
Ukní (there is a story to be told)


Once coyote was travelin about and got hungry. "There's not a bite to eat on the whole Rez," he was told. "Better keep moving on."

"Oh, I have everything I need," he said. "In fact, I was thinking of making some stone soup to share with all of you." He pulled a cooking basket from his pack, filled it with water, and built a fire under it. Then, with great ceremony, he drew an ordinary-looking stone from a bag
and dropped it into the water.

By now, hearing the rumor of food, most of the people had come to see what was going on. As coyote sniffed the "broth" and licked his chops in anticipation, hunger began to overcome their skepticism.

 "Ahh," the trickster said to himself rather loudly, "I do like a tasty stone soup. Of course, stone soup with vegetables -- that's hard to beat."

Soon someone approached hesitantly, holding a cabbage he'd retrieved from its hiding place, and added it to the pot. "Yummy!" he cried. "You know, I once had stone soup with cabbage and a bit of deer meat as well, and it was fit for an Elder."

A hunter managed to find some venison...and so it went, through potatoes, onions, carrots, mushrooms, and so on, until there was indeed a delicious meal for all. The people offered the coyote a great deal of money for the magic stone, but he refused to sell and traveled on the
next day. And from that time on, long after the famine had ended, they reminisced about the finest soup they'd ever had.

Kupanacaneecan (that is all)

Submitted by: Andrea Crambit, Indigenous News Network 


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Publisher: Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476
Editor: Lee Standing Bear Moore
MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Julie Maltagliati, California

Dr. Liora Leah Zack, California

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Magdala, Arkansas


Romaine Garcia, Arizona 

Susan Bates, Missouri

Andrea Crambit, Indigenous News Network