Manataka American Indian Council
Volume XII Issue 4 APRIL 2008
- Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow
LEGENDS OF OLD:
Once there was a very nice girl the
daughter of a head man, and many young men sought her for a wife. One of the men
in the camp owned a very large dog. It was a brindle. One time this girl
borrowed this dog, hitched him to a travois, and went out for wood.
After this she borrowed him many
times, and he became used to her. Whenever he came about she always fed him and
petted him, and whenever she went for water he went with her.
One day as the girl was going along
she said aloud, "I wish you were a young man, then I would marry you." Now the
dog heard and understood. That night he turned
himself into a man and went to the lodge where the girl was sleeping. She
awoke and found some one kissing her. She put out her hand, felt the man,
and noted that his hair was fine and that he had finely shaped limbs. When
he went away she wondered who it could be.
She never had anything to do with
other men. She had two brothers, and for that reason she did not wish to say
anything about it. She thought the person might have been one of her suitors. So
she thought to herself, "If he comes, next time I will mark
him." So that evening she took some white earth, mixed it with water in a
cup, and stirred it with a stick-weed. That night the strange visitor came
again, and, as he caressed the girl, she rubbed some of the white earth on
his hair, on his robe, and on his back.
To Walk the
The Red Road
is a long road winding began in the stars, spilled onto the mountain tops, was
carried in the snow to the streams, to the rivers, to the ocean… It covers
Canada, Alaska, America, Mexico to Guatemala, and keeps winding around the
The Red Road is a circle of people standing hand in hand, people in this world,
people between people in the Spirit world, star people, animal people, stone
people, river people, tree people… The Sacred Hoop.
the Red Road is to know sacrifice, suffering. It is to understand humility.
It is the ability to stand naked before the Creator in all things for your
wrong doings, for your lack of strength, for your uncompassionate way, for
your arrogance - because to walk the Red Road, you always know you can do
better. And you know, when you do good things, it is through the Creator,
and you are grateful.
the Red Road is to know you stand on equal ground with all living things. It
is to know that because you were born human, it gives you superiority over
nothing. It is to know that every creation carries a Spirit, and the river
knows more than you do, the mountains know more than you do, the stone
people know more than you do, the trees know more than you do, the wind is
wiser than you are, and animal people carry wisdom.
You can learn from every one of them, because they have something you don't.
They are void of evil thoughts. They wish vengeance on no one, they seek
To Walk the Red Road, you have given rights. You have the right to pray, you
have the right to dance, you have the right to think, you have the right to
protect, you have the right to know Mother Earth, you have the right to
dream, you have the right to vision, you have the right to teach, you have
the right to learn, you have a right to grieve, you have a right to
happiness, you have the right to fix the wrongs, you have the right to
truth, you have a right to the Spirit World.
the Red Road is to know your Ancestors, to call to them for assistance. It
is to know that there is good medicine, and there is bad medicine. It is to
know that Evil exists, but is cowardly, as it is often in disguise. It is to
know there are evil spirits who are in constant watch for a way to gain
strength for themselves at the expense of you.
the Red Road, you have less fear of being wrong, because you know that life
is a journey, a continuous circle, a sacred Hoop. Mistakes will be made, and
mistakes can be corrected - if you will be humble, for if you cannot be
humble, you will never know when you have made a mistake. If you walk the
Red Road, you know that every sorrow leads to a better understanding, every
horror cannot be explained, but can offer growth.
the Red Road is to look for beauty in all things.
the Red Road is to know you will one day cross to the Spirit World, and you
will not be afraid.
~Submitted by Bruce Soaring Eagle Thompson and Helen Redwing Vinson
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR...
Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to
publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a
topic you feel needs to be addressed.
Smoke Signal Sings
Thank you with all my heart for the
Smoke Signal. Every time I read the smoke signal, it sings
inside my heart and soul so strongly that it makes me weep. So,
dear ones, thank you with all my heart for taking the trouble to
put this together, so that we ALL may learn from you, the wise
Smoke Signal Brings Balance
My spirit was weary and I out of
balance. I was listless looking
for a distraction. I found the
poetry section of the site. The
poems are incredibly beautiful
and when I finished reading them
I felt refreshed, renewed. I
thank all those who had a part
in having those poems there for
Love and prayers always, Ruth
Smoke Signal Goes
With the Flow
I loved the piece on "Goin'
with the Flow" in March Smoke Signal about water
versus a rigid mental outlook .... I was born during
the Strong Sun Moon, but I am also a "water" sign
... have learned many food lessons from Water.
~ Kim Summer Moon
Animal Shelter Needs Volunteers
Friends Of North Central AR needs volunteers located anywhere in
the state of Arkansas. We know every Manataka member is an
animal lover so we ask for your help. We are looking for a motor
home or bus to make in to a mobile unit so we can set up at
disaster centers and be able to take in pets that are not
allowed in to the human disaster shelters. Please check
out our web site. Thank you.
Wilborn Field Coordinator
Friends of North Central Arkansas
184 Hammock Lane, Yellville, AR 72687
Love is such a beautiful
expression. When we feel the passion of romance, the gentle
touch of kindness, or the simple gaze of a willing smile, we are
lifted into a higher awareness of life’s potential. In these
precious moments, the impossible melts into infinity itself
where all things are possible. We instantly remember what
matters most is this love that unites us and assures us that all
At the core of our being, we
intuitively know we are love. Not just an external expression
of love that we equate or define as a loving act, rather the
grander love that is unconditional. This love knows no bounds
or limits, causes our heart to beat, our body to feel and our
mind to think. It animates us and inspires us. Such boundless
love literally gives us the freedom to explore the very depths
of our reality. Without it, we cease to exist. With it, we
soar to amazing heights of experience.
Love is silent, yet beckons each
moment. This is not a paradox, it is an invitation. Love does
not intrude since it is ever present. It merely calls to us and
asks that it be included in our awareness through every thought,
feeling, word, deed and action. What could be easier?
In this physical world we have
become so far removed from this intrinsic aspect of our nature
that we have forgotten its existence and importance. Instead,
we frequently replace true love with our sensory notions and
expectations and limit our expression to a few physiological,
mental and emotional acrobatics. These demonstrations are an
artificial version of love and are symbolic tokens at best.
Naturally, they contain the seeds of a grander love; however we
usually do not nurture or cultivate unconditional love long
enough to experience its potential in us or our relationships.
Who among us is courageous enough
to remember the truth of love? Shall we be so brave as to be
the first to embrace and accept ourselves as potent beings of
love? Are we willing to share this limitless expression to each
and every one around us - without expectation of anything in
return? Can we be so bold as to forgive? So outrageous as
to accept and embrace the same potential of love in others?
As we grow through life, let us
contemplate and invoke this grander love.
Love, light and peace,
Harold W. Becker
President and Founder
The Love Foundation, Inc.
"Inspiring People to Love Unconditionally"
Global Love Day
Love Begins With Me
Remember: May 1, 2008
Cloning and Genetically-modified Food
I'm reading with great interest the
Smoke Signal article about the animal cloning issue ... this has
been bothering me for a long time. I had written you a few days ago
about the issue of slaughterhouses and animal welfare, though my
thoughts were a bit disorganized at the time for the wording. Yes,
it involves factory farming and all the abuses that go on.
I realized yesterday that, if it comes from the Earth, I can eat
with a 'clear' conscience. This means legumes, grains, and
veggies/fruits (a typical vegan diet). I know there is a whole issue
with genetically-modified foods as well ... It seems impossible to
eliminate all participation in the suffering and destruction of
living beings and the earth with our lifestyles. It was Colleen from
who said, "Don't do nothing just because you can't do everything. Do
what you can, make changes where you can." So I do what I can to try
to limit my impact ("footprint") on the Earth and to limit my
participation in the suffering of animals.
I hope to learn more about this issue with cloning and factory
farming - thanks for publishing that article and posting the contact
information to "speak up" to those in power. I also hope to read
"Fast Food Nation" soon.
CANCER-CAUSING INGREDIENTS IN "ORGANIC"
& "NATURAL" PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS
newly released study commissioned by the
Organic Consumers Association (OCA) and
overseen by environmental health
consumer advocate David Steinman (author
of The Safe Shopper's Bible), revealed
the presence of the undisclosed
carcinogenic contaminant 1,4-Dioxane in
leading shampoos, body washes, lotions
and other personal care and household
cleaning products claiming to be
"natural" or "organic". The study
results, to be released this weekend at
the Natural Products Expo in California,
are already sending shockwaves through
the "organic" and "natural" body care
industry. Laboratory tests showed
that products certified under the USDA
National Organic Program DID NOT contain
this toxin, but most of the best selling
personal care products claiming to be
"organic" (but not USDA certified)
contained the cancer-causing ingredient.
All leading self-proclaimed "organic"
brands have at least a few individual
"certified organic" ingredients, but for
most of these top-selling brands, the
product, as a whole, is not USDA organic
certified, thereby allowing the presence
of synthetic toxins. Similar studies
have revealed the presence of this toxin
in conventional personal care products,
but this is the first study indicating
the presence in misleadingly labeled
"organic" and "natural" products.
TIP OF THE WEEK:
HOW TO AVOID 1,4-DIOXANE IN YOUR
PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS
Some of the products found to
contain 1,4-Dioxane: JASON Pure
Natural & Organic, Giovanni Organic
Cosmetics, Kiss My Face, Nature’s
Gate Organics (see a full list of
OCA's study results )
Remember that just because a
personal care product labels itself
with the words "organic" or
"certified organic" doesn't mean it
meets any specified organic
Look for products that are certified
under the USDA National Organic
Program (or a similar German
program) and products that bear the
"USDA Organic" seal.
Search product labels for
ingredients with the following in
their names to avoid products
containing 1,4-Dioxane: myreth,
oleth, laureth, ceteareth, any other
eth, PEG, polyethylene, polyethylene
glycol, polyoxyethylene, or oxynol.
In general, avoid products with
unpronounceable ingredients to be
sure to avoid synthetic toxins and
QUICK RELATED BLIP:
INDUSTRY IGNORES CONCERNS & CREATES
BOGUS "OASIS" ORGANIC STANDARD
new "organic" standard for personal care
products has been created exclusively by
conventional industry members like Estee
Lauder (owner of Aveda), Loreal and Hain
(Jason, Avalon), without any input or
comment period from organic consumers,
organic farmers or personal care
companies who have achieved USDA
National Organic Program certification
for the majority of their products. The
OASIS standard allows a product to be
labeled outright as “Organic” (rather
than “Made with Organic Specified
Ingredients”) even if it contains
hydrogenated and sulfated cleansing
ingredients like Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
made from conventional agricultural
material grown with synthetic
fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides,
and preserved with synthetic
petrochemical preservatives like
Ethylhexylglycerin and Phenoxyethanol.
As always, the OCA recommends consumers
look for personal care products
certified under the USDA National
Brought to you by
ORGANIC BYTES, from
Organic Consumers Assoc.
BUY GASOLINE FROM THESE COMPANIES
WHO IMPORT FROM THE MIDDLE EAST:
$104 per barrel X
the Middle East
Citgo gas helped poor American
Indians in 2008 with $21 million in
winter home heating assistance to 220 tribal communities in 13
Here are some large companies that do
not import Middle Eastern oil:
B P/Phillips.............0 barrels
P/Phillips has begun to import oil from the Middle East.
If you go to Sunoco.com, you will get
a list of the station locations near you.
"The teachings are for all, not just for
Indians...The white people never wanted
to learn before. They thought we were
savages. Now they have a different
understanding, and they do want to learn.
We are all children of God. The tradition
is open to anyone who wants to learn."
-Don Jose Matusuwa, Huichol
In the summer of 1994, a white buffalo calf
was born. This means that now is the time for
all races to come together. The Elders say that
at this time a voice from within will speak to
everyone. It will say now is the time to forgive,
now is the time to come together. Are we
willing to do this? Are we willing to quit judging other people? The Elders say, He will be
talking through people of all races and gender. We need to open our hearts and welcome
our brothers and sisters.
let my ears beopen as I walk
the path You
Trust Decision: Ignoring History and
by Doug George-Kanentiio
The February 22 decision by the Bureau of
Indian Affairs to place 13,000 acres of land in central New York in trust
for the Oneida Nation is not a cause for celebration but alarm.
If there is one undeniable truth in Iroquois-US relations it is this: the
Americans will do what they can to eradicate the Haudenosaunee as a distinct
people. Whether this means eclipsing our humanity by portraying us as
sub-human savages, forcibly removing us from our ancestral lands or
destroying our culture by imposing alien values on our children the process
of obliteration continues.
We have opposed this tactic with whatever means possible even if it required
us to pick up arms. We have fought in the courts and taken to the streets,
created alternative schools, developed language retention programs,
organized our own media. All of this to preserve and protect our identity as
onkwehonwe. We have sent our representatives throughout the world carrying
messages of defiance and hope.
As along as we held together we have been able to delay what some would say
is the inevitable loss of our heritage but the miracle is that we still have
the most vital elements of our culture intact. We might be stronger still if
we had not had
to struggle with our own kin, those who saw immediate, personal gain as
preferable to the seven generations principle which is supposed to be the
moral and legal foundation of our lives.
The latest tactic used by the US to divorce us from the earth is to place
our ancestral territory into trust. This is a new concept for the
Iroquois since we now hold title to our lands as a collective. We never
ceded this vital position to the US or Canada. We refused to go along or go
away which in turn compelled the Americans to create colonial entities
designed to undermine the Confederacy
and effect the concessions the US needed to carry out its plans.
Our people were warned, clearly and repeatedly beginning with Skaniateriio
(Handsome Lake) that we would be destroyed if we became addicted to alcohol
and gambling; that we would sacrifice all we owned to sustain these two
highly addictive things. The late Atotaho Leon Shenandoah was equally
emphatic about this, pointing out that our own people would bring about the
end of the Haudenosaunee.
Specifically, what is trust? It means we give up our territory
to the US which then allows us to live on these reserved lands until it
rules otherwise. What the US gives us is the peculiar thing called Indian
rights, a condition of existence defined by the Americans according to the
Christian doctrines of discovery.
Federal trust comes at an enormous
cost. Trust was in place when the US stole tens of millions of acres
of Native land after it passed the Dawes Act of 1887. The legislation
designed to "help" Indians in fact cost us 90,000,000 acres of land, made
90,000 natives homeless, undermined Native governments and shattered
thousands of families.
Federal trust? Has anyone at the St. Regis Tribe, the Oneida Nation
or the Cayugas bothered to call Eloise Cobell, the courageous Blackfoot
woman who challenged the US on behalf of 500,000 Indians? Her suit
maintained the federal government has failed to account for as much as
$40,000,000,000 in Native funds involving resources from 11,000,000 acres of
trust land. See
www.trustland.com for the
Federal trust? We did not even have trust and yet lost 10,000
acres of the Allegany territory for the Kinzua Dam, a quarter of Tuscarora's
land for the Niagara Falls reservoir and Akwesasn's waterfront during the
Seaway. Would not trust make us even more vulnerable to these kinds
Does not trust mean whatever commerce takes place on such land is
then subject to pay all federal taxes? And to pay those state taxes as ruled
applicable by the US courts? In the west Native businesses have no exemption
from state assessments on tobacco and fuel, a situation which will certainly
apply here on these new trust
The reason trust status was sought in
the first place was to protect the casinos. No arguments for trust
mentioned culture, the earth, our animal relatives or the plant life. Those
who are its advocates care nothing for the natural-they define existence by
monetary standards only. It calls into question our most sacred teachings
and why we are here as human beings.
We should all be concerned about ceding lands into trust because it
will be the only way lost territory will be returned to us. It is in
contrast to the Mohawk land reclamation's of the past generation. Trust
is what happens when Iroquois leaders do not know their history or lack a
background in our laws and customs.
lack of spiritual and intellectual balance means that concessions over land
and sovereignty are now far too easy to make.
In the Mohawk language, the word "onkwehonwe"
means the First Nations and Native people.
Cancer -- With Herbs
from Dr. Mercola
Many of the chemotherapies used
to fight cancer in modern medicine were developed from natural substances.
Taxanes used to treat
prostate and breast cancer came from yew trees.
Vinca alkaloids, which are
used to treat malignant lymphomas, are made from periwinkle plants.
The anti-cancer drugs
topotecan and irinotecan come from a component of the Chinese Happy
Scientists are increasingly
focusing on plants used in traditional medicine in their search for new
compounds. About three-quarters of the pharmaceutical compounds used today
came from plants used in traditional medicine.
Professor Dr. Thomas Efferth from Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum in
Heidelberg, for example, has begun analyzing 76 Chinese medicinal plants
that are believed to treat malignant tumors and other growths. Extracts from
18 of the plants were found to significantly suppress the growth of cancer
“With this success rate of about 24 percent, we are way above the results
that could be expected from searching through large chemical substance
libraries,” Efferth said.
Eurekalert March 4, 2008
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics January 1, 2008, 7, 152-161
Most pharmaceuticals that are derived from plants are
typically from one “active” component of the plant that is then isolated and
synthetically replicated. In contrast, most traditional medicine remedies
use whole plants in their natural state, which is a far cry from the
lab-produced cancer treatments used in modern medicine.
The truth about Ellagic Acid
by Jon Barron
Raspberries Kill Cancer
If you pay any attention at all to the alternative-health information-grapevine,
you've heard the buzz on ellagic acid. If you believe the rumors flying around
the Internet, the cure for cancer is at hand!! This is the greatest
discovery since sliced bread!! Well, like most rumors, there's some truth to it
- and a whole lot of nonsense.
Two years ago, I wrote in the Barron Report on antioxidants about the value of
including berries in your diet because of the benefits of the ellagic acid
derived from them. This recommendation was based on work being done at the
Hollings Cancer Institute by Dr. Daniel Nixon, who had been studying the
benefits of red raspberries for some 6 years at that time. Since then, two
things have changed dramatically.
First, the study results are now becoming, for lack of a better word,
remarkable. Second, it is now possible to get high quantities of ellagitannins
without having to consume a cup of berries every day.
Nixon's published results show: Consuming one cup of red raspberries per day
(40 mg of ellagitannins) prevents the development of cancer cells. At low
concentrations, it slows the growth of cancer cells; at higher concentrations,
it tells cancer cells to kill themselves. For example, cells infected with the
human papilloma virus (which is linked to cervical cancer), when exposed to
ellagic acid experienced apoptosis, or normal cell death.
From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent
Fluoride Action Network
World Council of Elders
The World Council of Elders (WCOE) is a nonprofit
organization comprised of spiritual elders from native and indigenous peoples in
the U.S. and around the globe that is dedicated to preserving the culture,
spiritual teachings, and health of indigenous elders. American Indians are
disproportionately harmed by kidney disease and diabetes, and WCOE on hearing
about warnings from the NRC (2006) panel that those with
kidney disease may be particularly
vulnerable to drinking fluoridated water sent the following letter to John
Davis, CEO of the National Kidney Foundation.
February 8, 2008
John Davis, CEO
National Kidney Foundation
30 East 33rd Street
New York, NY 10016
Dear Mr. Davis,
It has been brought to our attention that
the National Research Council has designated diabetics and kidney
patients as "susceptible subpopulations" that are particularly
vulnerable to harm from fluoride ingestion. The NRC study can be
found online at www.nap.edu under the title "Fluoride in Drinking
Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards (2006)"
As an educational organization dedicated in part to maintaining the
health and well-being of indigenous elders, we are alarmed that the
National Kidney Foundation has not publicized the findings of the
Native Americans are at a high risk of developing diabetes, a
disease that often leads to kidney problems. Diabetics are thirsty,
and therefore, ingest large amounts of potentially-fluoridated
water. In places where the water supply is not pure, the drink of
choice is soda, which frequently contains fluoride. The
accumulation of this toxic substance can lead to further damage to
the kidneys and to the bones. Yet the health problems of the
populations that we serve are already immense, complicated by
poverty, indifference, and a lack of political power.
As far as we know, neither the Indian Health Service nor the CDC
have alerted the Native American tribes in this country to this
critical health information. Because the NKF is presumably
independent of any political or governmental pressures, you must
advocate on behalf of our Native elders and openly oppose water
We respectfully request your assistance on this matter.
Woody Vaspra, President
World Council of Elders
RIGHTS... AND WRONGS
the Natural Resources Defense Council:
Yellowstone's wild, free-roaming buffalo herd is under siege.
The Bush Administration is turning America's greatest national
park into a killing ground for hundreds of
mighty bison -- better known as American buffalo.
We must speak out against
this cold-blooded cruelty NOW -- because every week, more of
these noble creatures are being herded into cattle trucks to be
Wild bison have been brutalized. This winter alone, more
than 1,000 wlly killed by the National Park Service and the
Montana Department of Livestock -- or shipped to
And come May, newborn calves are just as likely to be killed as
We cannot stand by and let this massacre continue:
Right now, it's still winter in Yellowstone, and these
unsuspecting buffalo are following historic migratory routes in
search of food at lower elevations where there is less snow.
When the buffalo venture near or beyond the park's boundary,
they will continue to be rounded up and killed -- unless we
start a national outcry.
What makes this sacrifice so senseless is that it's all to
protect 12 to 16 domestic cows
and steers that graze near the park
risk of a disease -- brucellosis -- that has
been transmitted from bison to cattle in a natural setting.
Yes, you read those numbers right:
1,000 wild bison slaughtered to
protect a little more than a dozen cows outside the park
have most likely been vaccinated against the disease, or easily
Please speak out and stop the slaughter. Yellowstone's buffalo
are a national treasure: America's last, free-roaming herd.
The National Park Service
should be their guardian, not their executioner.
Our goal this week is to create a virtual "stampede" of 50,000
protest messages that will convince the National Park Service to
call a halt to the killing.
Together, we must
speak out to spare the lives of
Yellowstone's surviving buffalo
so that they can again roam wild and free.
NRDC Action Fund
ENDANGERED SACRED SITES:
Plaza in Peru may be America's oldest urban site
By Patrick J. McDonnell, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
The circular structure at the ruins of Sechin Bajo
is about 5,500 yearsold
LIMA, PERU — An ancient stone plaza unearthed in
Peru dates back more than
five millenniums and is the oldest known urban
settlement in the Americas,
according to experts here.
Archaeologists say the site, uncovered amid a
complex of ruins known as
Sechin Bajo, is a major discovery that could help
understanding of the continent's pre-Columbian
Carbon dating by a German and Peruvian excavation
team indicates that the
circular plaza is at least 5,500 years old, dating
to about 3,500 BC, said
Cesar Perez, an archaeologist at Peru's National
Institute of Culture who
supervised the dig.
That would make it older than the Great Pyramid of
Sechin Bajo, 230 miles north of the capital, Lima,
thus eclipses the
ancient Peruvian citadel of Caral, some 5,000 years
old, as the New World's
oldest known settlement.
"This has tremendous importance, both in Peru and
said by cellphone from the area. "We think it's the
oldest urban site found
in the Americas."
Word of the discovery was first published Sunday in
the Peruvian daily El
"The findings in Sechin Bajo, especially in the
buried circular plaza, have
demonstrated that there is construction from 5,500
years ago," Peter R.
Fuchs, a German archaeologist who worked at the
site, told the newspaper.
"Whoever built Sechin Bajo had a good knowledge of
Much of the hidden plaza was uncovered this year,
and a great deal of
excavation remains to be done, Perez said.
Relatively little is known about
the people who lived there.
The plaza, 33 to 39 feet across, may have been a
site for gatherings,
perhaps a kind of ceremonial center. It was built of
rocks and adobe
Successive cultures lived in the area and built over
Earlier finds in the Sechin Bajo area, in the Casma
Valley of Peru's Ancash
region, had been dated at more than 3,000 years old.
But the circular plaza
pushes the area's settlement date back considerably.
Peru is perhaps best known to outsiders as the
cradle of the Inca empire,
which stretched from modern-day Chile to Ecuador.
But the Incas were
relative latecomers in Peru's long history of human
settlement, rising to
prominence in the 15th century before being
conquered by the Spanish in the
early 16th century.
Before the Inca, Peru was home to various
civilizations that left a rich
legacy of ruins, pottery, tombs and artifacts. Teams
of archaeologists are
at work throughout the country, including the
Scientists say settlements were beginning to grow in
Peru about the time of
urbanization in such cradles of civilization as
Mesopotamia, Egypt and
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