Manataka American Indian Council                      Volume XII  Issue 2 FEBRUARY 2008


Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow 






Legends of Old:

Coyote Escapes An Imaginary Foe

Feature Story: Where Are 50,000 Dead Indian Children?

Letters to the Editor:

Seven New Letters to the Editor
Organic Consumers: Organic Genetically Engineered Food?
Elder's Meditations: Black Elk (Hehaka Sapa) Oglaala Sioux

Member Recognition:

Jody Applewhite
Health: Minimizing the use of Medicines
Plant Medicine: Cayenne Peppers - Emergency Uses
Fluoride: Scientific American Journal Against Fluoride
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A Help Save the Horses!
Endangered Sacred Sites: Appeals Court Hears Religious Freedom Case




Coyote Escapes An Imaginary Foe

Caddo Story

One time Coyote went out hunting buffalo. While he was going through the timber he found Turkey up on the top of a tall tree. He told Turkey that he was going to kill him if he did not get down from the tree.


He said: "If you don't come down I will climb the tree. If you fly to another tree, I will break it down at once, and will certainly kill you; but if you fly toward the prairie I cannot harm you, for I have no powers to kill anything on the prairie."


Turkey believed all that Coyote said and started out toward the prairie. Coyote was right under Turkey all the time. At first Turkey flew up so high that Coyote thought he was going to lose him, but after a long flight Turkey kept coming down lower and lower, and finally came down on the ground. Then Coyote was not very far behind and he caught up with him and killed him.


While Coyote was eating Turkey, he happened to look around to make sure that no one was watching him. He thought that he saw somebody standing behind him making motions as if trying to strike him. He started to run without learning who it was.







A front line report from Unceded Coast Salish Territory ("Vancouver, Canada")

Where Are 50,000 Dead Indian Children?
Survivors Confront Clergy and Churchgoers in Vancouver
Deaths of more than 50,000 aboriginal children in the residential schools protested

A crowd of nearly one hundred people besieged the front entrance of Holy Rosary Catholic Church in Vancouver last Sunday, chanting "Where are the Children?!" as residential school survivor Rick Lavallee handed a Letter of Demand to a priest after the intended-recipient, Archbishop Raymond Roussin, quickly left town for Mexico. 

The Letter, addressed to Roussin, calls on him and the Catholic leaders to disclose the buried location of all the children who died or disappeared in Catholic residential schools. When Rick and other survivors found that Roussin had scurried away, a copy of the Letter was tacked to the front door of the church, and also handed to priest and church rector Glenn Dion.
The event drew a huge media crowd, including every major TV, newspaper and radio in Vancouver, and was even publicized as the main story on the noon hour CBC radio broadcast the previous day.

"This has never happened before" commented rally organizer Kevin Annett. "We've finally broken into the mainstream. It's an indication of how quickly their whole house of cards is collapsing".

As the crowd surged up onto the top stairs of the ornate gothic church, speakers like traditional Squamish Chief Gerry Capilano castigated the Catholic church for killing and then concealing the remains of countless aboriginal children.
"I am calling on all the elders to join with us in bringing the children home" yelled Rita, a residential school survivor from Saskatchewan. "I know of a big grave of children next to the school I attended. It's time we know what happened to all of those kids."
The presence of so many reporters emboldened the residential school survivors who were present, and encouraged them to speak out, and confront priest Dion and churchgoers.
"I'm sure glad there's press people here today, 'cause last time these Christians nearly killed us when we protested here. One woman spat in my face. Another guy tried to hit me" said Rick Lavallee, after he handed priest Dion the Letter of Demand.
Dion dismissed the claim of dead residential school children outright, smiling as he said to Rick,
"You people are just exaggerating. No children died in our schools."
Dion's careless remark indicates the growing divergence between the positions of the churches and the government of Canada concerning the deaths of more than 50,000 aboriginal children in the residential schools.
On January 1, the government's "Truth and Reconciliation Commission" (TRC) head, Bob Watts, stated that criminal acts had gone on in the schools, accounting for the deaths of "unknown" numbers of children. Yet the Catholic, Anglican and United Church continue to claim that no evidence exists for these deaths, despite documentation uncovered by the TRC, and the growing numbers of native eyewitnesses who claim that homicide and mass graves were common in the residential schools.
"Their backs are to the wall now" commented one reporter about these churches. "They're just playing the denial game, hoping the government will bail them out again."
Yet pressure will be mounting on the Canadian government in the coming months to do exactly the opposite. Just hours after the church protest, Kevin Annett issued a press release that announced that a national press conference will be held at the Prime Minister's Office in Ottawa, on February 4, because of the refusal of the Catholic church to take the survivors' demands seriously.
"We're sick and tired of these churches getting away with murder" said Annett. "It's time Ottawa stopped protecting these wolves in sheeps' clothing, and hold them, and themselves, accountable for genocide."
For the participants of today's rally, just confronting the church without fear was enough of a victory.
"It made me happy for the first time in a long time, you know?" said an older survivor from the downtown eastside. "Did you see the way even the cops stood back and didn't stop us? I didn't get scared when I saw them show up. Not even that f ... ing priest scared me. I guess being here all together like this was like, the start of our healing." 

For more information on the independent Truth Commission:





Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.


Diet and Health Watch


I agree that drugs are not the answer to ADHD.  I am ADHD and my parents gave me drugs.  When I was 12, I remember telling my mother that I would not take the drugs anymore.  I learned by watching others how to behave.  My grandmother gave me suggestions and this helped me throughout life.   A few years back, I was again having trouble with ADHD, so I went to a medical doctor and asked for some help.  After a couple of months of being a lab rat, I told the doctor that I would just go home and drink a glass of water.  I changed my diet slightly and am better.  So I am one to stand up and say that drugs are not the answer to ADHD, having had to learn to live with this most of my life.             


Lisa Wyler


Bear Butte Watch


Hello Manataka,

We wrote an article some time back on the struggle for Bear Butte and we'd like to follow up with a brief news update. We read that the Governor of South Dakota has proposed that the state purchase land surrounding Bear Butte and designating it as protected.

One article states that he has proposed purchasing easements from existing landowners. Can you give us an update on the story and let us know if the property to be purchased would be easements?

Deanna Linton
Associate Editor, Thunder Press

Costa Rica Land Offered


Greetings all,

Some friends of mine are selling a beautiful piece of land in Costa Rica. They are wanting it to go to someone who is interested in preserving the land -- ideally utilizing perma-culture practices, and
using only sustainable building methods.

You can read more about it here:
http://www.luminaia .com/costaricare alestate

As many of you know, there's a quite a bit of non-sustainable practices being exported to Costa Rica from people in the US. It would be wonderful to expand the already growing earth-conscious community there.

Peace,  Michael


A Note of Appreciation...


Dear Manataka,


Thank you for your page on current Native American people of note.  When  my son was choosing a figure of the 1700's for his elementary  school history project this year, he chose Chief Pontiac, but for the  wrong
reasons (he thought Pontiac was a terrifying "bad guy" of the  war and had a cool name (a car)).


He and I then embarked on a  beautiful journey  together researching and learning the  efforts of  Chief Obwandiyag to unify native peoples and protect their lands and  heritage.  It carried me back to my youth immersed in studying Native  American lore. Our journey wound it's way through many conversations  about the injustices done to native peoples in the past and present,  and he asked me "where are they now?"
and "what do they do".  I was  so please to find your website and be able to share positive images  for him to recognize!

A Healthy, Happy  New Year to you,
Randy Young


Book Collection for Children



WILD HORSE Native American Educational Foundation is collecting children's books, ages 3 -15 to be sent to reservations and their school libraries. See:


Richard and Connie Janulewicz

Pine Ridge Poverty Shocking


Dear Manataka,


Did you write the article on Pine Ridge? I find it shocking we allow anyone to live in such conditions. There must be  a way (or many ways) to allow the people of Pine Ridge to respectfully retain their culture and dignity while getting much needed assistance. First the alcohol/ addiction and health  issues must be addressed.

I understand rehab. is becoming available in Pine Ridge?  How society can allow any group to suffer they way the people and children of Pine Ridge is beyond my imagination.


Thank you for any info. or insight you can offer to this huge and complex problem.


Lydia Rutledge

Joseph Rael Speaks


“I would like to tell everybody to watch world events, because a new spirit is now being superimposed on all peoples. A shift is taking place that is subtle but real — a shift in a positive direction toward peace. The conflicts we see now are really the last struggle of the big giants.


“It is ski season in the Colorado mountains where I live, and the image I see is that we have been climbing up a mountain, and now we’re going down the other side.


“We are singing our songs and creating our realities as we’re going along. Because we live in a collective consciousness, everyone is contributing to that creation of our shared reality. Keep focusing on peace and pay attention to the areas where it will be emerging on the world scene.


“Remember, you are the song. You are the sacred. You are who you are and it is good.”


--Joseph Rael, January, 2008






Even if you're not from the Northland, Canada's #1 highest rated food podcast is worth a listen to. The weekly program "Deconstructing Dinner" covers just about every issue that you read about in Organic Bytes, it and can be listened to on your ipod or computer. Listen to this week's program to hear about the future path of organics. If big agribusiness has its way, it won't be long before you can buy "organic genetically engineered food."

On January 15, the FDA announced its final approval of meat and milk from cloned animals. OCA's action alerts on this issue last year generated tens of thousands of letters to the FDA, but the agency has not changed its mind. OCA's biggest concerns with this issue are the lack of proof regarding the safety of cloned food as well as issues relating to sustainability and animal welfare. On a sustainability level, a healthy population of any animal or plant requires genetic diversity to prevent an entire population falling to one disease outbreak, for example. In regards to animal welfare, the majority of cloned cattle and other animals are born with painful birth defects. The upside of this announcement is that it will likely be several years before any of these food products hit the market, due to high costs of cloning. In addition consumers can avoid food from cloned animals by purchasing certified organic foods, which ban cloned ingredients. For more information on cloning see the OCA website:


1) Reduce consumption of processed foods.
2) Eat food with ingredients your grandmother would have used.
3) Purchase organic eggs and of course other organic products.
4) Cook with olive oil instead of butter, margarine or vegetable oil.
5) Avoid conventional soy and corn products (most of it is genetically engineered).
6) Avoid meat raised with antibiotics and/or synthetic hormones.
7) Avoid exposing kids under 12 months to non-fermented soy.
8) Consume organic foods during first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
9) Look for organic milk or milk labeled as being made without rBGH.
10) Thoroughly research any vaccines you are considering.

Polls indicate that the average consumer believes meat labeled "Naturally Raised" comes from animals that have spent their drug-free lives freely roaming the pastures of a family farm, eating grass and hay, and being (at least somewhat) humanely slaughtered. A 2007 Consumer Reports survey found that 83% of consumers assume a "naturally raised" label means it came from an animal raised in a natural environment. In stark contrast, the USDA, bowing, as usual, to pressure from corporate agribusiness, has released a standard for "Naturally Raised" meats that is so weak and misleading it would apply to a cloned animal, weaned on pig or cow blood plasma, raised in the confines of a factory farm, and fed a steady diet of genetically engineered grains. The public comment period on this labeling standard only lasts until January 28, so take action now before yet another fraudulent label becomes as ubiquitous as corporate lobbyists on Capitol Hill.


This article is brought to you by ORGANIC BYTES, from Organic Consumers Assoc. 







"Even the seasons form a great circle in their changing, and always come back again to where they were. The life of a man is a circle from childhood to childhood and so it is in everything where power moves." -Black Elk (Hehaka Sapa) Oglaala Sioux


In these modern times it is difficult to understand why we should think circles and seasons. People and society are always moving, through distance, over yonder, going here and going there - hurry up, grow up, be successful, climb the ladder to success, etc. The Elders tell us to slow down, to be patient, pray, and think circles. Circle thinking applies to relationships, business, and every area of our lives.  We need to teach our awareness to look for seasons and cycles.


My Creator,

teach me the seasons of growth.

By Don Coyhis






Manataka "Spirit Award"

for exemplary volunteer service to the organization and community, this months'

award by unanimous decision of the Elder Council goes to the following member:


Jody Applewhite is called "Morning Flower" in the fire circle. but some say she can also be called "Whirlwind" because wherever Jody is found there is cloud of spinning dust.  Jody is a longtime, loyal and trusted member of Manataka.  She is Grandmother Lodge Keeper, works diligently with the Women's Council, offers flute instruction, and is a member of the Manataka Drum Society. 

If you followed Jody Applewhite around at home, you would be raising rabbits, skinning deer hides, hand making jewelry, building furniture, growing gardens, polishing stones, cooking, cleaning and caring for her husband Dutch.  A few nights a month you might follow her to the bowling alley where she is always at the top of her game.  Over the years, Jody has been the 'friend' everyone needs from time to time with a kind word, wise advice, or lending an ear.

It is rare for one member to receive the Spirit Award twice in one year, but with Jody Applewhite anything is possible. 


Nominate someone you know who walks the path.

Spirit Award Nomination  





Minimizing the use of Medicines



"The best doctor gives the least medicines." - Benjamin Franklin 

Another way to put that is, "The best patient NEEDS the least medicines." 


Anything that you can do to be healthier is likely to reduce the number and amount of drugs that your doctor would need to prescribe for you.  A good doctor is certainly willing to see that you are taking as little medicine as possible. 


One reason to take only minimum doses is that all drugs carry a risk.  You could say that vitamins carry a risk, too.  You could say that everything in life carries some risk.  You could, but that would obscure the real point that drugs carry a higher than average risk, and they are regularly used by a very large number of people. 


Vitamin supplements have an especially high margin for error; drugs do not.  Let's take the most dangerous of vitamins and one of the safest of all drugs for comparison.  The vitamin is Vitamin D and the drug is aspirin. 


The U.S. Recommend Daily Allowance for vitamin D is 400 International Units (I.U.) per day.  It has frequently been said that vitamin D can be toxic at relatively low levels.  Certainly doses of over two thousand I.U. per day are hard to justify.  It is instructive to note, however, that as far back as 1939 some really enormous doses of vitamin D were found to be remarkably non-toxic.  In several countries, infants including preemies were safely given from 200,000 I.U. to over HALF A MILLION units of vitamin D in a single injected or oral dose.  This is hard to believe; the references are on pages 544 and 584-591 in the medical textbook The Vitamins in Medicine, third edition, by Bicknell and Prescott (1953).  This is quite a comprehensive work.  There are a total of 344 scientific papers on Vitamin D cited in one chapter. 







Cayenne Peppers - Emergency Uses


Therapeutic Action


Cayenne is a powerful and pure stimulant, having NO narcotic effect, increasing the power of the pulse and carrying the blood to ALL parts of the body, plus equalizing and restoring the balance of circulation throughout the body ! Cayenne is a Hemostat, arresting the flow of blood from a cut or wound in seconds and a cardiac tonic, helping to rebuild the heart. It is an Antiseptic, killing pathogens and a Counter-Irritant, helping to relieve pain. And cayenne is a Stomachic, helping to digest foods and a Carminative, helping to expel gas.


The Formula


The best Cayenne Pepper Tincture is made by the following:

1. Start to make this and ANY Tincture, if possible, on a new moon.

2. Take a Quart (liter) canning jar and fill it 1/4 full with dried Cayenne Peppers, getting the HOTTEST ones (i.e. - Habanero, African Bird, Serrano, Jalapeno - 90,000+ Heat Units), that you can obtain.

3. Add enough 50% Grain Alcohol (100 Proof Vodka) to the Cayenne Peppers (powdered, using a Blender or Grinder) to just COVER them.

4. Use enough FRESH Cayenne Peppers, that you can blend with 50% Grain Alcohol (100 Proof Vodka) to turn the Mixture into an Apple Sauce-Like Consistency.

5. Add this Mixture to the 1st Mixture, filling up the Canning Jar 3/4 full.

6. Fill up the rest of the Canning Jar with more 50% Grain Alcohol (100 Proof Vodka).

7. Shake it as many times as possible, during the Day.

8. Let this Mixture sit, until the following Full Moon (15-16 Days), but optimally until the following New Moon (28-29 Days)


9. Strain this mixture through an un-bleached coffee filter.

10. Bottle the resulting Tincture.

Part equals volume, NOT weight in this tincture method.  Modify this procedure by using dried herbs only, if fresh herbs are not available, and when making other Herbal Tinctures also.  Also if you want to make a super potent tincture (i.e. - Cayenne Pepper - Lobelia Seed Pod - see below), then allow the mixture to sit for a full 3 months !







Scientific American Journal having 'Second Thoughts about Fluoride


NEW YORK, Jan. 2 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- "Some recent studies suggest that
over-consumption of fluoride can raise the risks of disorders affecting teeth, bones, the brain and the thyroid gland," 
reports Scientific American editors (January 2008). "Scientific attitudes toward fluoridation may be starting to shift," 
writes author Dan Fagin.
"Fluoride, the most consumed drug in the USA, is deliberately added to 2/3 of public water supplies theoretically to
reduce tooth decay, but with no scientifically-valid evidence proving safety or effectiveness," says lawyer Paul 
Beeber, President, New York State Coalition Opposed to Fluoridation.  
Fagin, award-wining environmental reporter and Director of New York University's Science, Health and 
Environmental Reporting Program, writes, "There is no universally accepted optimal level for daily intake of fluoride."  
Some researchers even wonder whether the 1 mg/L added into drinking water is too much, reports Fagin. 



No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.





A little American Indian boy asked his father, the big chief of the tribe, 'Papa, why is it that we always have long names, while the white men have shorter names like Bill , Tex, or Sam???? 

His father replied, 'Look, son, our names represent a symbol, a sign, or a poem, for our culture is not like the white men, who live all together and repeat their names from generation to generation.  Also, it is part of our makeup that in spite of everything, we survive.

For example, your sister's name is Small Romantic Moon Over the Lake, because on the night she was born, there was a beautiful moon reflected in the lake.

Then there's your brother, Big White Horse of the Prairies, because he was born on a day that the big white horse who gallops over the prairies of the world appeared near our camp and is a symbol of our capacity to live and the life force of our people.  It's very simple and easy to understand.

Do you have any other questions, Little Broken Condom Made in China ? 


Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett





Full Appeals Court Hears Critical Religious Freedom Case

Tanya Lee, Targeted News Service


The full 11-member U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit heard arguments in a lawsuit that will determine to what extent and under what circumstances Native Americans will be able to exercise their religious freedoms and rights.


At issue in this case is whether the U.S. Forest Service may allow the privately-run Arizona Snowbowl ski resort on federal land to use reclaimed wastewater to make artificial snow on mountains known as the San Francisco Peaks, just north of Flagstaff. The Peaks are sacred to at least 13 tribes, whose religious practitioners travel to the mountains to perform ceremonies and to collect plants.


The tribes say the Peaks will be irrevocably damaged by the wastewater, making it impossible for them to practice their religions. Thomas Beauty, the new chairman of the Yavapai-Apache Nation, told NewsWatch Native America: 'The San Francisco Peaks are a holy and sacred place for the Yavapai and Apache people. It
saddens me that the federal government has once again disregarded its obligation to the trust and sovereignty of Indian nations and placed development and expansion as a priority rather than respecting the cultural traditions of this country's first inhabitants.' Beauty called the hearing 'not only monumental for the tribes involved, it was also a pivotal point in American history, setting precedent for future decisions on environmental
impact and religious freedoms.' Beauty said it was his hope 'the tribes will prevail in this attack on our traditions, culture and ceremonial beliefs.'


During the hour-long hearing, the judges were eager to hear the plaintiffs' interpretation of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA). They particularly wanted to know how the terms 'substantial burden' and
"compelling interest" should be defined. Under RFRA, the government may place a substantial burden on the practice of religion only if it has a compelling interest that would justify such an action…"



By Tanya Lee, Targeted News Service, December 19, 2007.

Copyright 2007 HT Media Ltd. All Rights Reserved.


"Those who give up essential liberties for temporary safety deserve neither liberty or safety."
-Benjamin Franklin



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