Manataka American Indian Council                      Volume XI1  Issue 1 JANUARY 2008


Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow 







Hill & Holler: Native American Healing & The Horse
Announcement: Gatherings by invitation only
History: Exemplar of Liberty  Part 1 of a 15 Part Series

Grandfather Hawk Speaks:

 Grandfather King Coke:

Have It Your Way!

Self- Healing

Feature Story: VA Taps Ancient Healing Methods
Elder's Meditations: Oren R. Lyons, Traditional Circle of Elders
Women's Council: Circle of Friends
Women's Circle: Marie Tallchief
Food & Nutrition: Drugs Are Not the Answer for ADHD
Book Reviews: 5 Feature Books Reviewed
Poetry Circle: Tears That Fall From Father Sky
Inspirational Thought:: Give Others
Healing Prayer Basket: Floyd Westerman Passes
Manataka  Business: Many Needs - Take A Look





By Susan Bates

News and Notes From Indian Country


Native American Healing and the Horse

Traditional Healers from all over the world share some very basic concepts. First - healing is a matter of balance. If you are out of balance in any area, then disease can begin. Simply curing the disease won't necessarily correct the imbalance.

If you were to go to the doctor with a stomach complaint, he/she might run some tests, arrive at a diagnosis and give you a pill. If you were to go to a Native American healer, he/she would spend a lot of time talking with you to understand what is going on - not just with your stomach, but in your life.

Then the healer would spend time in prayer or trance to see what the spirits have to say about your problems. Often a healer will go into the woods in search of the right medicine plant for his patient. In Western Medicine certain drugs treat certain illness and there can be many deadly side effects which the patient may have to deal with.

Herbs are different in several ways. First, there are many herb which treat the same conditions. Traditional healers see herbs as allies with a spirit of its own. One healer may use an herb such as mullein for lung problems, while another healer might use horehound. Both herbs work equally as well, but one works better for one healer than the other.

Often ceremonies are used in conjunction with herbs. Each individual healer has his own repertoire of ceremonies which has either been handed down from healer to healer or given him by the spirits. You will probably never see an MD smudging a patient with sage or shaking a rattle while singing a curing song. But these work and often will do the job as well if not better than surgery.

Animals are part of our healing traditions, too. Since they have spirit, it isn't surprising that people with pets often live longer, happier lives than those living alone. If you want to see a nursing home light up, arrange to take some dogs and cats for a visit. You will see the light come on in many an old tired eye.

Horses are very valuable in physical therapy of sick, injured and handicapped people. People with spinal cord injuries as well as many other problems see improvement from therapeutic horse back riding. The horse's walk mimics that of a human's and stimulates and strengthens back muscles which the person cannot move on his own. The resulting benefits include increased mobility and less pain. People with balance problems are often helped, too. And who could be depressed very long riding on a horse? Many people experience their first taste of freedom on horseback.

Recently I met a woman named Rhonda Crescenzo in West Plains. Rhonda, a native of New Jersey, is in the process of building up a stable of horses for therapeutic riding in West Plains.

She was raised with horses and was diagnosed with muscular dystrophy at age 19. Recognizing the role horseback riding played in her life, Rhonda dreamed of having her own therapeutic riding academy.

Although new to our area, Rhonda has been involved with therapeutic riding for 6 years. Right now she has only one horse but is hoping for more. She is also in need of saddles, especially those designed for handicapped people.

Rhonda doesn't charge anyone for her services and everyone is welcome. But she depends on donations to keep this work alive. If you have a horse you don't have time for, or some good tack you're not using, some extra hay or a little extra money, why not give it to someone who will use it to make a real difference in someone's life?

If you would like to know more about therapeutic riding, set up an appointment to ride or to make a donation, you can call Rhonda at 417-257-9940. Her farm is located on County Road 343 across from JJ Highway off of highway 160.

And tell her Susan sent you.


Cures seldom result in a healing, but healing almost always results in a cure. ----Alberto Villoldo


Susan Bates






In 2008, Manataka will continue the new policy of requiring an invitation to attend Gatherings.  Current members are not required to request an invitation, but former members, guests and visitors must send a written request at least ten days before any event.  Manataka will no longer advertise or promote Gatherings, except to members and supporters.


This policy allowed our members and guests in 2007 to enjoy a time of peace, prayer and ceremony without disruptions by tourists and local gawkers.  Manataka Gatherings are a time for friends to  feast and socialize, but in the past they were mistaken as a form of entertainment.


We hope this policy meets with the acceptance of members and supporters and the understanding of all others. 






In this January issue we begin a 15-part series, featuring one segment each month, on the founding of the United States of America and the previously misunderstood and often discounted, yet tremendous contributions of American Indians in the process.    


We begin this segment with a forward written by Vine Deloria, Jr., a Yankton Nakota Sioux lawyer, historian, anthropologist, university professor and former Executive Director of the National Congress of American Indians.  Deloria published more than twenty books and edited dozens more.  Deloria writes, "...This book, Exemplar for Liberty, has set a high standard of scholarship, and offered a model for future historical writing on the role and influence of American Indians in American history..."


Exemplar of Liberty:

Native America and the Evolution of Democracy

By Donald A. Grinde, Jr.
Rupert Costo Professor of American Indian History
University of California at Riverside

Bruce E. Johansen
Associate Professor of Communication
University of Nebraska at Omaha

Original Artwork by John Kahionhes Fadden
Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.


Copyright, 1990, Bruce E. Johansen & Donald A. Grinde
All rights reserved.


    Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.




Have It Your Way!


In these modern times when you want something to eat, all you have to do is drive through and place your order (if you can understand those speakers). Fried, broiled, baked or boiled.


Rabbit is a good source of food. Up until a few years ago, rabbits were abundant here in Central Illinois but with all the chemicals used by the farmers and the predators, they have been hard to find.


Early pioneers traveled from the East through this part of the country and for the most part rabbits were the choice for food many times. It is easy to prepare the rabbit, first you have to 'Catch Him! Then skin and gut the rabbit. I was taught to hang the rabbit upside down by the back legs, make a slit just above the foot and pull the skin off the animal just as if you were undressing it. The skin comes off very easy.


After skinning you cut the rabbit starting at the rectum to the end of the chest cavity. The entrails are then removed being careful not to break the bladder. Wash the rabbit in clear water several times and if desired, cut the rabbit in quarters. Soak the rabbit in fresh water over night in salt water to remove some of the wild taste.


Now you are ready to cook! If you want a quick way to cook the rabbit, first place it in a large frying pan and brown on each side then place it in a deep cake pan, add enough water to keep it from burning in the oven. Cover it with onion, add some salt and pepper and bake for two hours at about 300 degrees.


Of course you can just eat it fried or you can cut it into smaller pieces and make a stew. Be sure to use a lot of onion as it is a tenderizer. You can do the same with Skunk, Groundhog or Opossum. Be extra careful when cleaning the Skunk as they have a 'Stink Gland' that you want to avoid cutting! The drippings in the fry pan make a wonderful gravy! Add a little flower and milk and mix well as the gravy cooks.


Cook the gravy until it becomes a smooth texture, add a little salt and pepper and you have a great gravy to pour over the mashed potato's. Add a few fresh vegetables such as Green Beans or Corn and you can serve your family a great dinner. Let those others drive through and have it their way while you enjoy the fruits of your labor.


Be safe and be blessed!


Hawk With Seven Eyes


Daniel Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman is a founding member of the Taylorville Black Horse Powwow, Inc,' a nonprofit 501(c)(3) charitable and educational organization. He has given presentations at schools in Central Illinois area on the history, culture and religious beliefs of the Native American people for over 27 years. Hawk and members of his group present dance demonstrations for children who along with their teachers are invited to dance.  Hawk believes children are the future.  



Grandfather Speaks


Self- Healing

 By Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk







To make sure we are all on the same page, let me give a little back background.  We have two major systems of health care in this country today: conventional western medicine and alternative medicine.  Most doctors align themselves directly with the conventional western medicine which depends heavily on the multimillion dollar pharmaceutical industry.  An increasing number of them are also adding the holistic medicine as a component in their treatments.  The holistic approach treats the body, mind, and spirit as one unit and relies on using natural products. An increasing number of people are using only the holistic approach to staying healthy.


Let’s start with healing the body by having all parts in balance and in harmony. This is the time the immune system is at its peak.  To do this, we have to feel good about ourselves and have good relationships.


In my studies, I have found that everyone suffers from some degree of self-hatred and guilt . The bottom line for everyone is, “I’m not good enough.”


We have found that resentment, criticism, and guilt are the most damaging patterns. When we really love ourselves, everything in our lives turns positive. We begin to open our minds to wisdom and knowledge. A rule of life is simply, “What we give forth, we get back.” In other words, what we create in our minds of peace and love is what happens in our lives.


Our subconscious mind accepts whatever we choose to believe. It does not know the difference between right or wrong, nor truth or false information. It does not know when you are kidding, joking, or whatever. It just accepts whatever you say or think. Therefore, what you choose to think about yourself and your life becomes your TRUTH. We have unlimited choices about what we can think. Most of us have foolish ideas about who we are and many rigid rules about how life should be lived.


When we are little, we learn how to feel about ourselves and about life by the actions and reactions of the adults around us.


The Church knew that many of our characteristics are forming by the age of three and that all the basics have been taught and firmly learned by the age of seven. From what we have learned as a child, we go on through life CREATING EXPERIENCES TO MATCH OUR BELIEFS.


We must not blame our parents for a number of false things, as they cannot teach us what they do not know for themselves. This can go back many generations.


To be healthy, all of us must change our attitudes toward the  past because it is behind us. It is over and done. You can change your THOUGHTS about the past. Get rid of resentment patterns NOW in the present time. Don’t wait until you are in the surgeon’s office or in an emergency room when you are now in a panic.


To release the past, we must be willing to forgive. It is imperative for our own healing that we release the past and forgive everyone.  All disease comes from a state of un-forgiveness, of ourselves and of others.


The four major thoughts of problem-causing reactions are RESENTMENT, CRITICISM, GUILT, and FEAR. When we handle these four properly, our bodies will heal because they have come into balance and harmony.


What we do and think is what we are.  By changing our thoughts, we will change. What we have are only thoughts, and thoughts can be changed.


Louise L. Hay, a respected counselor on self-healing, has said, “Releasing resentment will dissolve even cancer.”


We must release the past and forgive everyone, especially ourselves.  Self-approval and self-acceptance IN THE NOW are  MAJOR KEYS TO POSITIVE CHANGE.



Robert Gray Hawk King Coke, 77, Cherokee, is the newest member of the Manataka Elder Council. Coke graduated from the New Mexico Military Institute in 1952 with a biology degree. He served in the U.S. Army with a tour in Europe.


After returning home, Robert Coke, entered pre-seminary school Austin College with a major in Philosophy.  He continued his education by earning a degree in Bachelor of Science in Engineering and a Bachelor of Business Administration at Southern Methodist University where he later served on the faculty as an instructor. In 1996, Elder Coke was elected Chairman, of the American Indian Heritage Association and served as an ambassador for the American Indian Center of Dallas. Gray Hawk is now a semi-retired consultant.





VA Taps Ancient Healing Methods

| Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor


The Veterans Administration teams up with American Indian medicine men to use sweat lodges and talking circles to deal with post-traumatic stress disorder.



A man appears in the doorway – an unassuming figure, dressed in a work shirt, jeans, and cowboy boots. He is a medicine man who has spent decades learning ancient Navajo healing techniques. He waits for the lead rider – the patient – to dismount and then ushers him inside.


For the next hour, the spiritual leader, Alfred Gibson, conducts an "enemy way" ceremony, a form of Navajo therapy that cleanses physically and mentally ill individuals by forcing them to confront their pain.

The technique is increasingly being used across the American West to help native American soldiers deal with the traumas of war.


While healers on Indian reservations have always employed such methods, the government offers most returning native American soldiers standard Western psychological counseling and medical help. Now, however, native American leaders and the Department ofVA Taps Ancient Healing Methods Veterans Affairs are teaming up to use both approaches in hopes of better serving the needs of Indian soldiers.


Mr. Gibson, for one, works during the week as a counselor at the Na'nizhoozhi Rehabilitation Center, a treatment facility in Gallup, N.M., run by tribal entities and the local county government. To help patients battle addiction and psychological trauma, Na'nizhoozhi often pairs psychotherapy and medication with sweat lodge ceremonies and drumming sessions. But the goal, Gibson says, is always to "do away with the medication – to help patients learn the traditional ways of healing."


Similarly, Veterans Affairs hospitals throughout New Mexico now run special programs for native American vets that include talking circles, sweat lodge ceremonies, and gourd dances. "We have to allow native Americans the opportunity to explore the culture that has been damaged, if not taken away," says Dr. James Gillies, a psychologist in the post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) clinic at the VA Medical Center in Albuquerque, N.M. "To be a soul doctor is to embrace the souls of the people you work with."






No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.



How To Know You Are At A American Indian Wedding Reception




We as men should not fear our mates; we should listen to their counsel."

-Oren R. Lyons, Spokesman Traditional Circle of Elders


The Elders say the men should look at women in a sacred way. The men should never put women down or shame them in any way. When we have problems, we should seek their counsel. We should share with them openly. A woman has intuitive thought. She has access to another system of knowledge that few men

develop. She can help us understand. We must treat her in a good way.


Great Spirit,

let me look upon

the woman in a

sacred way.

By Don Coyhis







Wow!  The Women's Council has been busy this past quarter. 

  • A November trip to Tahlequah, OK to attend a convention of flute players treated our members to an exciting event where they learned new techniques, met some beautiful people and just had fun.  Some took a side trip to tour the Cherokee Heritage Center and Museum.

  • Many members participated with several hundred people attending a Healing Retreat at Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds.  The Women performed beautifully! Manataka's Drum Circle won many praises and a new members too!

  • Members participated in a Blessing of the Land Ceremony at the Miller's.

  • The All-female Manataka Drum Circle had several practice sessions and welcomed a few new members.

The Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friends'; meets the first Saturday of each month at 11:30 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Coffee is provided, food and other soft beverages are brought by individuals to share. Please remember to bring your drums or other musical instruments to meetings.


Regular Membership Meetings - Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR
January 5 Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR
February 2 To Be Announced
March 1 To Be Announced


(When meetings are held at Gulpha Gorge please bring a lawn chair, something to drink, and a snack to share.)  Meeting are held at various locations during bad weather


The Manataka Drum Society is growing with more singers joining.  Weekly practice sessions is where new songs, food and laughter are enjoyed by everyone. 

Donations of nonperishable food items, toiletries, and bio-friendly cleaning suppies will be accepted and are greatly appreciated. Requests for assistance are year-round.  Please send or bring.


Please direct any questions our comments to Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper' Moore at


Join Us!






Profile on Famous American Indian Women:



Marie Tallchief


Born a mixed-blood named Betty Marie Tall Chief, daughter of an Osage father and Scotch-Irish mother, Maria Tallchief spent eight years in the Indian lands of northeastern Oklahoma. She was born in the small town of Fairfax, Oklahoma in 1925.

Like so many Oklahomans, her family moved to Los Angeles in 1933. She enjoyed music and dancing, and practiced being a star -- a considerably challenging dream for a Native American child in those days.

Reporting her story would be interesting, regardless of her accomplishments. She would surely have fascinating experiences as she looked back at her mixed Indian and European heritage, her eight years in the Osage Hills north of Tulsa, her journey to California and life among the many people in Los Angeles. After all, those were the days when people became rich with oil fields and poor with dusty crops.

Of her childhood she wrote, "I was a good student and fit in at Sacred Heart (Catholic School). But in many ways, I was a typical Indian girl -- shy, docile, introverted. I loved being outdoors and spent most of my time wandering around my big front yard, where there was an old swing and a garden. I'd also ramble around the grounds of our summer cottage hunting for arrowheads in the grass. Finding one made me shiver with excitement. Mostly, I longed to be in the pasture, running around where the horses were..."

But, there's more. She became a "Woman of Two Worlds."

The Osage Nation became rich from the oil found beneath their land. Young Betty Marie vacationed with her family in Colorado Springs, where she attended a ballet lesson at the Broadmore Hotel.










Drugs Are Not the Answer for ADHD
Dr. Joseph Mercola, December 01 2007

Research has shown that treating children who have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) with drugs is not effective in the long-term. After three  years of treatment, drugs such as Ritalin and Concerta work no better than therapy.

Long-term use of the drugs can also stunt children's growth, and the benefits of the drugs have been
exaggerated.  An influential 1999 study seemed to find that medication worked better than behavioral therapy for ADHD after one year of use. This finding caused a vast increase in


ADHD drugs are known to carry serious side effects, including:

  • Permanent brain damage

  • Changes in personality, depression, and/or hallucinations

  • Cardio toxicity, and liver damage

  • Heart attack and stroke

  • Cancer

  • Sudden death, and suicide

But now, after longer-term analysis, the report's co-author, Professor William Pelham of the University of Buffalo, has stated, "I think that we exaggerated the beneficial impact of medication in the first study. We had thought that children medicated longer would have better outcomes. That didn't happen to be the case. 

There's no indication that medication is better than nothing in the long run." Pelham said that medication had "no beneficial effects" and that in fact, the drugs had a negative impact in
terms of growth rate.






A Book Review by Doug George-Kanentiio
The Year of the Hangman: George Washington's Campaign Against the Iroquois
By Glenn F. Williams
Anyone familiar with the American Revolution knows that the Iroquois were  vital players in that war.   Its fighters were the best trained, most physically fit of any soldiers in North America.   They were highly trained, disciplined and skilled marksmen capable of amazing feats of physical endurance.   In close quarters they were without equal, capable of wielding tomahawk, knife and war club with devastating effectiveness.   The Iroquois were expert woodsmen, at ease on the vast forest of the Northeast.   They were trained to ignore hunger and pain.   They were masters of camouflage and ambush.   Although their numbers were but a few thousand they were able to compensate for this by the judicial use of selective terror.   Their war cries caused great fear in their opponents who were driven into a state of confusion and apprehension when they realized the Iroquois were preparing to strike.
These skills were critical as the Iroquois prepared to defend their homelands  against the settlers.   Twelve years prior to the outbreak of the Revolution  in 1775 the Confederacy had secured from Britain a royal proclamation which  outlawed intrusions by the colonies onto Native lands while setting in place formal procedures by which Indian nations could sell territory, an act which had
to be endorsed by the British government.
Upset that their territorial claims were being denied by the Crown the leaders of the colonies, most of whom were active land speculators, ignored the new laws and encouraged settlers to move westwards.  The Iroquois were placed in a precarious situation since they were expected to organize resistance to this activity.   On the eve of warfare the Confederacy made two treaties with the colonies which were supposed to guarantee its neutrality.   The Confederate leaders realized their involvement would tear them apart as their was considerable sympathy among the Oneidas and Tuscaroras for the rebels.
Not until 1777 did the Iroquois as a group take up arms and then only to beat back what they saw was an illegal military venture into their territory by  the Americans. At the Battle of Oriskany a force of Senecas and Mohawks almost  succeeded in annihilating a company of American soldiers sent into the western Mohawk Valley to relieve the garrison at Ft. Stanwix.   With minimal support  from their British allies the Iroquois set an ambush alongside of Oriskany Creek. When the fighting ended some hours later over 500 Americans were dead including a number of Oneida scouts.
After Oriskany the Iroquois turned their attention to the frontier settlements in New York State and Pennsylvania, destroying hundreds of farms, burning thousands of acres of crops and killing many hundreds of settlers.   An Iroquois force defeated the Americans at Wyoming Valley in eastern Pennsylvania and  wiped out a New York militia at Minisink in the Cherry Valley.
The Iroquois were also active in Ohio organizing resistance through its  alliance network with other Native nations.   The American rebels has serious cause  for alarm.   They realized that if the British were to be defeated they had  to either neutralize the Iroquois or secure its support.   Despite having a few small contingents of Oneidas and Tuscaroras the majority of the Iroquois felt  compelled to oppose what they saw as the most immediate threat to their  homes: the land hungry American colonies.
So bitter were the divisions among the colonists, as well as within the Iroquois Confederacy, that acts of terror, such as > the hanging of opponents, was commonplace, hence the name of the book.  

US General Washington was well aware of the effectiveness of Iroquois military strategy.   He knew the rebellious colonies could not sustain repeated attacks on those regions which provided his army
with much of its provisions.   He was also apprehensive about the British launching new invasions which, unlike Oriskany or Saratoga, would have the bulk of the Iroquois fighting forces becoming   actively engaged.   The decision to send General John Sullivan into Iroquois territory was a preemptive attack meant to break the back of the Six  Nations and deprive the British of their most
effective allies.
General Sullivan's expedition against the Iroquois was the largest and most significant US military venture of 1779. 

Consisting of over 3,500 troops the expedition was instructed by Washington to "lay waste all settlements that country may not only be overrun but destroyed."   Sullivan complied in a campaign similar to the invasions of Union generals Sherman and Sheridan against the South 85 years later. Scorched earth, like the US tactics in Vietnam, was believed to be the only means to defeat a guerilla army.
Sullivan succeeded in defeating the Iroquois at the Battle of Newtown, the  only pitched fight of his invasion. He torched over 40 Iroquois communities and  destroyed thousands of acres of crops. His casualties were minimal but he  failed to launch an attack at Ft. Niagara, a major center of operation for both Iroquois and British forces in the Northeast.   The winter of 1779-80 was among the most severe in memory during that time. Deprived of food and shelter hundreds of Iroquois died of starvation and exposure.   But their determination to carry the fight to the Americans was not lessened.   The next year the Iroquois attacked the frontier with passion and without mercy.
But in the end, the British will to continue the war was broken. After their defeat at Yorktown the British gradually diminished their support for military operations including reduced aide to the Iroquois.  The 1783 Treaty of Paris between the US and Britain brought hostilities to a close but neglected to offer any protection to the Iroquois. Veterans of the Sullivan's army were eager to snatch up vast tracts of Iroquois territory, a hunger which the Confederacy could not stop. Within the generation of "The Year of the Hangman" the Iroquois were confined to small reservations, beset by alcohol and fragmented beyond repair.
Williams' book fills many gaps in our understanding of this vital element of American history. He writes with precision as he explains in remarkable detail  about the events which led to the Sullivan Expedition as well as the tactics  and strategy used by the Iroquois throughout the war.  


He has a keen appreciation for the fighting abilities of the Iroquois and their skills as politicians. Williams understands the extremely difficult position the Iroquois were in at the outbreak of the Revolution and how the immense pressures brought to bear upon the Confederacy as both American and British agents sought to enlist the Iroquois in their respective military ventures.
Williams writes with skill and sensitivity.   He has produced a book which is a perfect compliment to Barbara Graymont's "The Iroquois in the American Revolution". "Year of the Hangman" is detailed,
comprehensive and well written. 

It is an exceptional book. As an Akwesasne Mohawk whose ancestors were heavily involved in the War I applaud Glenn Williams for this welcome contribution to our history.

Doug George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, is a co-founder of the Native American Journalists Association, a former member of the Board of Trustees for the National Museum of the American Indian and the editor of the news journal Akwesasne Notes. He is a columnist for News From Indian Country.


  • Publisher: Westholme Publishing
  • Pub. Date: June 2005


Hard cover Price:  $29.50


Soft cover Price:   $22.95





THE SAGA OF NOAH COLLINS by Jeremy Morningstar


This delightful story follows a twelve-year-old boy, Noah, in his struggles with the state foster care program. Noah, a non-Indian who is homeless, roams the mountains and forests of west central Wyoming. Noah is caught in a blizzard and takes shelter in a cave where is is found by a Native American man, Dave Morningstar, and taken to his home.


The Morningstar's have two children, Ricki and Carri, who teach Noah how to dance. He is placed with the Morningstar's in a foster program. He is enrolled and attends school on the Wind River River Reservation where he is the only non-Indian. He is urged to participate in the annual spring powwow with some opposition from a local bully. Noah thinks he has finally connected with a foster family.


Noah also thinks he will be moved soon because of the interest of a family services case worker. Follow Noah through his struggles with the state foster care program and his interest in Indian dancing.  Selected as a prize in the National Indian Youth Talent Contest.


Sale Price: $9.00 + s.h



Manataka Recommended Reading



1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

Charles Mann

Knopf Publishing Group

Hardcover, 480pp  $26.95 + s/h


"In the last 20 years, archaeologists and anthropologists equipped with new scientific techniques have made far-reaching discoveries about the Americas. For example, Indians did not cross the Bering Strait 12,000 years ago, as most of us learned in school. They were already here. Their numbers were vast, not few. And instead of living lightly on the land, they managed it beautifully and left behind an enormous ecological legacy. In this riveting, accessible work of science, Charles Mann takes us on an journey of scientific exploration. We learn that the Indian development of modern corn was one of the most complex feats of genetic engineering ever performed. That the Great Plains are a third smaller today than they were in 1700 because the Indians who maintained them by burning died. And that the Amazon rain forest may be largely a human artifact. Compelling and eye-opening, this work will vastly alter our understanding of our history and lands."  By Peter Johnson.


A groundbreaking study that radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans in 1492.

Traditionally, Americans learned in school that the ancestors of the people who inhabited the Western Hemisphere at the time of Columbus's landing had crossed the Bering Strait twelve thousand years ago; existed mainly in small, nomadic bands; and lived so lightly on the land that the Americas was, for all practical purposes, still a vast wilderness. But as Charles C. Mann now makes clear, archaeologists and anthropologists have spent the last thirty years proving these and many other long-held assumptions wrong.

In a book that startles and persuades, Mann reveals how a new generation of researchers equipped with novel scientific techniques came to previously unheard-of conclusions. Among them:

• In 1491 there were probably more people living in the Americas than in Europe.
• Certain cities- such as Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital- were far greater in population than any contemporary European city. Furthermore, Tenochtitlán, unlike any capital in Europe at that time, had running water, beautiful botanical gardens, and immaculately clean streets.
• The earliest cities in the Western Hemisphere were thriving before the Egyptians built the great pyramids.
• Pre-Columbian Indians in Mexico developed corn by a breeding process so sophisticated that the journal Science recently described it as "man's first, and perhaps the greatest, feat of genetic engineering."
• Amazonian Indians learned how to farm the rain forest without destroying it- a process scientists are studying today in the hope of regaining this lost knowledge.
• Native Americans transformed their land so completely that Europeans arrived in a hemisphere already massively "landscaped" by human beings.

Mann sheds clarifying light on the methods used to arrive at these new visions of the pre-Columbian Americas and how they have affected our understanding of our history and our thinking about the environment. His book is an exciting and learned account of scientific inquiry and revelation. 


List Price: $32.95 + s/h

Sale Price: $25.95







CP560 -

Huge Resource. This monumental volume explores, explains, and honors the healing practices of Native Americans throughout North America, from the southwestern U.S. to the Arctic. Designed for ease of use with maps, a detailed subject index, extensive bibliography, and cross references, this book is sure to fascinate anyone interested in Native American culture and heritage. Illustrations, maps. Paperback: 373 pages; 88" x 10.26" x 7.28"  ON SALE! Was $33.95  Now only $23.95 + s/h


This monumental volume explores, explains, and honors the shamanic healing practices of Native Americans throughout North America. From the Southwestern United States to the Arctic Circle.

Healing traditions in Native American cultures offer a glimpse into a rich and varied world of belief systems and spiritual practices. Covering over 350 years of history. More than 1200 entries in this book introduce readers to renowned Native American healers and to the societies and divisions into which healers were categorized. It describes sacred objects used in healing rituals and how such objects were used, as well as plants used to increase healing powers. Types of healing ceremonies are vividly pictured, and the symbolic motifs used in healing rituals are explained along with the major concepts that formed the many diverse Native American healing traditions. Major scholars of native American healing are introduced, complete with firsthand accounts of their experiences. Entries include:

Helika, the form of supernatural power used by Kwakiutl Shamans for curing. Naitulgai, the Wailaki dream doctors who cured by singing healing songs shown to them in dreams. Aenichit, a powerful Clayoquot Shaman who healed the sick and was known to lift liquid water out of a bucket as though it were frozen.

Designed as an easy to use, comprehensive synthesis of centuries of study, with maps, a detailed subject index, an extensive bibliography, and cross-references, this book will fascinate anyone interested in Native American culture and heritage.

William S. Lyon is a professor of anthropology at the Center for Religious Studies at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and the author of Black Elk: The Sacred Ways of a Lakota.



ON SALE! Was $33.95 

Now only $23.95 + s/h



Voice of the Hawk Elder

by Edna Gordon, edited by Harvey Arden


"This book is dedicated to my People, the Seneca Nation, to our kindred Peoples of the Haudenoshaunee, or Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy, to all the Indian Nations of Great Turtle Island, and to  all other Indigenous Peoples around this Mother Earth.  I send it out like an arrow of love from my heart to YOUR hearts!


If  other folks want to read it too, why, that’s fine by me. Might be you even learn something! This book is FULL of secrets for those who understand'm! But always remember, the BIGGEST secret is Creation itself!


YES, THIS IS MY VOICE. These are my words. My good friend Harvey [Arden] has helped me sort and arrange them, like he’s done for lots of good people over the years, even back when he worked at National Geographic. He fixes my spelling and spruces up my grammar here and there, though I tell him, not too much, Harvey! I want folks to know who I am and how I really talk and what I’m really like. Don’t make me some saintly old lady come down from Heaven on a moonbeam spoutin’ high-flown words.


Me, I’m just me, Grandma Edna Gordon, Hawk Clan Elder of the Seneca Nation, Six Nations Iroquois. I just turned 85, and am tryin’ my darndest to be a good person. Sometimes I succeed, but don’t stay around me when I get mad! I’m a raging hawk.


People’mselves aren’t holy. But what they do can be holy. Living a holy life, that’s what life’s for. Helping others, fighting injustice, standing up for the People—those are holy things to do.  But always be sure to remember, it ain’t you yourself who’s holy. People are just people. If God’d wanted’m to be holy, he’d have given’m wings and set’m up on a cloud somewhere playin’ a big gold harp.


ISBN: 0975443712; ISBN-13: 9780975443712, Paperback.  Publisher: Have You Thought Price: $21.95 







Tears That Fall From Father Sky    


Sky blacker than black—flashing light,

Illuminates the night,

Electric fingers spreading, stretching across vastness,


Torrential rain,

Floods the plain,

Bodies discovered,

Death revealed and uncovered,

Under the enormity of Spiritual light,

In the deadest of night,

The master’s tears come down upon bodies still,

Eyes of stillness reflecting the night’s performance,

Bodies washed,

Bodies purified,

A puff of wind lifts up soles and spirals them into affinity,



Covered and washed away,

The grass grows greener there,

The wind whispers across the plain,

They will be back, for this is hallowed ground,

His tears soaked this ground and keep it forever moist,

Foot prints left in softened earth,

Shows the way to the ancestors dement ion,

The cougar and the mountain sheep,

Lay together in harmonious sleep.



My Vision My Dream Osceola Birdman Waters. Copyrighted.








If you want to live the life you have always dreamed of ask yourself if you:

Give Others Your Honesty
Give Others Your Respect
Give Others Your Vulnerability
Give Others Your Care
Give Others Your Passion
Give Others Your Experience
Give Others Your Help

This is the true path to greatness and success, not only in business but in life!


~Submitted by Romaine Garcia



Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.




Crossing Over...


Floyd Red Crow Westerman passes away

Floyd Red Crow Westerman (1936 - 2007)

Floyd Red Crow Westerman, Sisseton-Wapheton Dakota musician, actor, and activist, passed away at 5:00 a.m. PST, at Cedars Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles after an extended illness. He was 71.

Westerman, who began his career as a country singer, appeared in over 50 films and televison productions, including Dances with Wolves, Hidalgo, The Doors, and Poltergeist, and Northern Exposure. He appeared in 12 episodes of the 1990s TV series, Walker, Texas Ranger, as Uncle Ray Firewalker.

As a young man, he was educated at the Wapheton and Flandreau Boarding Schools, where he became a close companion and life-long friend of Dennis Banks. He left his home on the Lake Traverse reservation in South Dakota, with a suitcase and an old guitar in hand. He rambled across the country playing country music and original tunes in bars and clubs, living for some time in Denver. In 1969, his first album Custer Died for Your Sins became the background theme of the emerging Red Power Movement.

As a member of American Indian Movement, and a spokesman for the International Indian Treaty Council, Westerman traveled the world extensively working for the betterment of native people. His vision of improved social conditions for indigenous people around the globe is reflected in the music of his second album, The Land is Your Mother, 1982. In 2006, he won a NAMMY Award for his third album, A Tribute to Johnny Cash. During his career, he played and collaborated with a number of notable musicians including Willie Nelson, Kris Kristopherson, Buffy St. Marie, Jackson Browne, Harry Belafonte, and Sting.

Westerman also worked throughout his life to empower Indian youth. "They are our future," he said in a November interview. "Today we are fighting a great battle against the popular culture that surrounds them. It's a battle for their hearts and minds. We need to work to inspire them to embrace their own history and culture. Without them, we Indians have no future."

Westerman will be taken home to Sisseton, South Dakota for memorial services and burial. Plans for a memorial service in Los Angeles are also being made.

Native Times 12/13/2007



Major Fred Blue Eagle Wilson, (Canadian Mohawk) Passed away on Oct. 1, 2007. He was one of the Tuskegee Airmen from World War II.  Blue Eagle was a true hero.   Steve Roragen, Commando, Roanoke, VA  11-01-07


Rev. David Salmon (Fairbanks, AK) -- The first traditional chief for the Athabascan people of
the Interior died Thursday at his home in Chalkyitsik. Salmon was 95.   10-16-07


Vernon Bellecourt (WaBun-Inini) Anishinabe/Ojibwe Nation (Minnesota) Hailed as one of Indian's greatest champions, Bellecourt, 75, passed today.  Throughout his life he fought to preserve the integrity of indigenous people.  Vernon was principal spokesman for the American Indian Movement and a leader in actions ranging from the 1972 occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington to the 1992 Redskin Superbowl demonstrations. He was Co-founder and first Executive Director of the Denver AIM Chapter. His involvement at Wounded Knee in 1973 led to a Federal indictment. He was a special representative of the International Indian Treaty Council and helped organize the first Treaty Conference in 1974. He was jailed for throwing his blood on the Guatemalan Embassy to protest the killing of 100,000 Indians. He was elected to a 4-year term in his White Earth tribal government and developed a model program for the spiritual education of Indian prisoners. Vernon was President of the National Coalition on Racism in Sports & Media and recipient of the City of Phoenix, Martin Luther King Human Rights Award 1993. He is called one of the finest orators of his time.  Chief Xielolixii  10-13-07 



Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury, Troubles...



Tanner, age 3 (Memphis, TN) Tanner successfully underwent double eye surgery at Children's Hospital for a serious condition know as amblyopia. He is now home a recovering nicely.  Please give your thanks to God for healing Tanner.


Ms. Evangeline Van Lynch (Memphis, TN) Tennessee Indian Commissioner admitted to the hospital suffering from a heart attack and scheduled to undergo surgery. Send Smoke and Prayers for her.  At her age and condition this is risky. Write to her: Ms Van Lynch, Room 636, Methodist Hospital- Central University, 1265 Union Ave., Memphis, TN. 38104   Put her home address as the return address in case she is moved. That way, the card will go to her home. Her family will see to it that she gets it.  Ms. Van Lynch, 73 Baseline Rd., Dyer, TN. 38330  Red Wing Vinson  11-17-07  Update:  Evangeline is recovering satisfactorily from unexpected surgery.  12-03-07


Clover TwoBears Johnson. Suffered a mini-stroke in April of 2007 and diagnosed with Diabetes and MS. as well.  Duane (Lame Wolf) Rowland  11-01-07





In Memory of Bill Prezwoznik

Bill Prezwoznik was one of the four founders of Manataka.  His wisdom and love guided Manataka through its infancy. 


In Memory of Corbin Harney

Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.  He loved and cared for his family, friends and all creation.


In Memory of Granny Messenger

She had over 1,000 grandchildren but never a child. Her memory will live with us forever.  Anonymous Contributor  


In Memory of Lance Selvidge

Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham

We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever - Standing Bear.  Greg Gilliham, Little Rock




Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 





The December meeting was cancelled.   All business will be referred to the January 2008 meeting to be held Sunday, January 20.    




NOTICE 1:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 


NOTICE 2:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge.  In case of inclement weather (rain, sleet, snow, below 40 degrees) we meet Ryan's Restaurant located at 4538 Central Avenue across from Hot Springs Mall.


Gatherings are normally held on the 3rd weekend of June (closest to the Summer Solstice) and the 3rd weekend of October (closest to the Winter Solstice).  The date of the Spring Encampment varies from year to year. 


NOTICE 3:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Becky Moore


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902


1.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.


2.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.


3.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.




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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk, Texas

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Grandmother Selma, Florida

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas

Waynonaha Two Worlds


Susan Bates, Missouri

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Dr. Joseph Mercola

Elaine Nowell, Mississippi / Arkansas

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty

RedWing and Gray Beard Vinson, Tennessee

Osceola Birdman Waters, Australia

Linda VanBibber, Missouri



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