Manataka American Indian Council                                                                                             Volume X  Issue 4  APRIL 2006


Manataka - Preserving the past today for tomorrow




Spring is rebirth



 printed pages in this issue 



Animal Rights: The Fall of the Cat of God
Bennie LeBeau Representing White Eagle - A Messenger For Peace


Antibacterial Products May Be Harmful
Elder Council Meeting: American Indian Spirituality Booklet

Elder's Meditation:

Rolling Thunder, Cherokee

Feature Story: 

Naomi Is My Cousin - Professional Sports
Funny Bones 1: Dr. Coyote's Story Time: A Nutritional Myth
Funny Bones 2: The "Stillaguamish"
Funny Bones 3: My Big Fat NDN Wedding

Hawk Speaks:

Parts of a Spare Tire...

Healing Prayer Basket:

A Memorial of Love and Respect

Health Watch:

ABC's of Wound Healing - Prevent infections

Hill & Holler:

The Importance of Ceremony
History: Tekahionwake: A Voice from Two Worlds
Indigenous Perspective: What do you listen for?

Legends of Old:

Doing a Trick with Eyeballs

Letters to the Editor:

Honoured Friends of Manataka

MAIC Messages:

Education and Treasurer Elder Positions Open

Poetry Circle:


Too much Injuns on T.V.

Point to Ponder: Did God Create Evil?
Opinion Page: Native casino owners share guilt in scandal
Tribal Politics: Removal of Freedmen from CNO Membership Status

Upcoming Events: 

Medicine Wheels and Earth Works

Warrior Society: 

Warrior's  Last Journey (Slide Show)
Website Updates:  The Beauty Path

Women's Circle:

Cherokee Women's Ceremony

Indian Woman

Women's Medicine:

Into the Perfect Dance
Women's Calendar: April Events




ENCAMPMENT CHANGE OF DATE:  The Manataka Spring Encampment has been rescheduled to April 28 -30 at the Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds in Hot Springs.  Moving the date up one week will allow us to gather in peace.


NEW WEBSITE:  "The Reflection Series" is an offering of personal spiritual experiences with God.  Designed a sixteen-year-old, Alicia Sexauer and written by her mother, Gayle Sexauer, an Elder of the Manataka American Indian Council this website is truly inspiring!.  Take a look!.  

GOAL EXCEEDED:  Manataka's goal to supply 444 "honoring gifts" to be gifted through Marcine Quenzer for Spiritual and Tribal leaders across the country was reached within one day of the announcement.  Now, the new goal is 4,444 gifts. 



Grandfather RedElk speaks about the future.  Etowah Cherokee Nation Chief, Hugh Gibss speaks about Traditional Cherokee beliefs. Will BlueOtter moves to San Luis Valley, Colorado.  Listen now at







Medicine Wheel Spring Gathering In Memory of Bernard Ice Jr.,

March 31 - April 2

Island Grove Park  4-H building, 501 N. 11th Avenue

Greeley, Colorado


A Gathering of Elders and Youth to Share Traditional Teachings and Truths for the Next Seven Generations Hosted by: The Medicine Wheel Sundance and He Ska' Tokala Sobriety Society affiliated under the National Heritage Foundation. Three inspiring days with Traditional Indigenous Wisdom-Keepers, Elders, and Leaders who are coming to share their timeless teachings and views as they speak about such things as Global Warming and Earth changes, Wars, Poverty, Prophecy, Traditional Values, Ways and Philosophy. SUGGESTED DONATIONS: $25.00 per day; no one turned away. Note:  Advance Registration is strongly encouraged as seats are filling fast.  Steve Bergman (970) 590-6366 or e-mail, Helen Frost (970) 330-8879 or e-mail  or Wendy Chunn (417)-294-0645 or e-mail

“Thunder In The Desert”

Sunday, April 2, 2006 10 AM – 3 PM

ASU-West campus
4701 W. Thunderbird Road

Glendale, AZ (Soccer field)


A Day for Healing of the Land, Cleaning the Air, and Bringing the Rain to Phoenix.  Sacred Ceremony Led By Adam “Yellowbird” De Armon and Friends


Are you concerned about the rapidly deteriorating air quality and severe drought conditions in the Valley of the Sun and the Southwest? Are you ready to help make a difference? When the People come together with positive and loving intent, our unified vibrations have the power to heal and uplift the land, the climate and each other. This has been verified in many documented research studies.  or  Read More Information:  “Thunder in the Desert”


Earth Works for Humanity - Gathering

April 21 - 23, 2006

Sedona Creative Life Center, Sedona, AZ



Returning to the natural world.  International multi-cultural weekend gathering.  Music and dance, healing ceremonies, medicines for planetary healing, acupuncture for sacred sites, balance Mother Earth, environmental education. 


Native American Heritage Day - 12 noon till 5 pm

April 22, 2006

Jodeco Road and Carriage Lane, Stately Oaks Plantation, Jonesboro, Georgia


This is an educational endeavor to acquaint all with Native American ways hosted by the Jonesboro Historical Society. Blowgun shooting, fire making,  children's games, dancing, story telling, flint knapping, finger weaving, beading, rope weaving, jewelry making, skin tanning, pottery making, moccasin making, basket weaving, musket firing, herb and meat drying, dwelling interpretive exhibit. Free samples of Native American foods and beverages.  Stately Oaks Plantation at 770-473-0197. Littlebear Longbow, 6582 Plantation Drive, Fayetteville, Georgia 30215.  770-461-8542


Manataka Encampment

April 28 - 30, 2006 

Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds, Hot Springs National Park, AR


Camping on first come first serve basis.  $10 per night.  Everyone is invited to come enjoy a weekend of camping, eating, games, drumming, eating, healing, songs, fun and more eating!  Drumming and Flute Sessions * Storytelling * Meditations * Prayer Ceremonies * Hiking * Potlucks * Special Presentations * No reservations * No schedule * No fees (except for camp space) * No Agenda.  Drop-ins welcome.  Come anytime.  Bring a friend.  Bring your drum, flute, rattles. Bring a chair, your camping gear or stay at a local motel. Rick Porea, Events Chair


Nueta Waxikena Spiritual Gathering

June 2 - 4, 2006

Pipestone National Monument, Pipe Stone, Minnesota


Allowing fulfillment of the Vision of Okipa.  All people of all races, men and women, are welcome to be a part of this new Okipa.  Ceremonial fire, "Vision of Okipa:, Talking Circle, Flute Music, Sweatlodge Ceremonies, Pipe Ceremonies, Round Dance, Drumming.  Hosted by Janet and Cedric Red Feather, Mandan Nueta Waxikena.  952-217-4453


International Indigenous Business and Entrepreneurship Conference

June 19-22, 2006, 

Albuquerque, NM USA 

"Fostering Indigenous Entrepreneurship"


Great Inter-Tribal Gathering of the Nations

Intertribal Coalition to Defend Bear Butte

August 2006

Sturgis, South Dakota


Bear Butte is "Nowah'wus" to the Cheyenne Nation. It is "Mato Paha" to the Lakota. Across the Great Plains over thirty indigenous Nations acknowledge the sacredness of this Butte and it's surrounding area. It is a mountain inhabited by spirits and spiritual powers that are well known to our people. For this reason Bear Butte is central to our ceremonial life as native people of the Great Plains and is necessary for the continued health and well being of our people. All life on Bear Butte must be respected and defended. No people have a right to destroy or disrespect our sacred mountain. Rally to bring tribes and individuals together to defend Bear Butte. Contact information: Debra White Plume, Director; 101 Lonesome Valley Rd., Manderson S.D. 57756  605-455-2155 or Vic Camp, P.O. Box 95, Manderson S. D. 57756, 605-455-1122





Ghost Trails to Manataka CD

Stirring music. Intense, emotional and beautiful. Hear the legends of the Place of Peace. A Moving Experience. Only $19.95  Read More

Manataka Flag

Now Available!

Only $85




by Lee Standing Bear Moore


Last week, we heard a rumor that needs to be nipped in the bud. 


There appears to be a few misinformed folks among the Lakota oyate on the Cheyenne River and maybe at Pine Ridge Rez who repeated a rumor that Manataka is conducting "...Lakota ceremonies without authority..." and may be charging for those ceremonies.


Forget the fact that the person who made up the rumor and those who spread it have actually never been to Manataka and witnessed the so-called event.  While listening to various versions of the rumor, we were told in that it was so and so who heard from this one, who talked to that one who had a strong opinion.  Nobody has any facts, just rumor.


Manataka does not pretend to be somebody we are not.  Manataka does not conduct ceremony in the name of any tribe, nation or religion.  Period.  If a recognized and accepted elder of a particular tribe comes to Manataka, as they often do, to pray and conduct his or her own ceremonies, then we welcome their gesture with honor and respect.  Over the years there have been thousands of indigenous people and those of many colors and religions who have come to Manataka in a good way to pray and perform their own ceremonies.   Sometimes, there are more than a dozen elders and more, all from different nations, who enter the sacred circle to participate in each other's prayer ceremonies. 


We see this as a beautiful and deeply moving event.  During times when this happens at Manataka we rejoice and give thanks to the Creator of All Things.  Our hearts are filled with hope that man truly does have the ability and desire for peace and love between them.  It is the ultimate demonstration of a great spiritual bonding.   When will Man be able to do this same thing in every corner of the earth, in every community and in every home?  


It this not the true meaning of "Mitakuye Oyasin"?   In a Sacred Hoop, where there is no ending and no beginning, where all people are equal as brothers and sisters?  All praying to the same Creator in their own way -- is this not an powerful expression of true spiritual equality and freedom?  All Things are Related to the Creator.


We rejoice in the diversity of our spiritual selves.  We do not attempt to segregate people into boxes of color, race or religion. 

We love to see hundreds coming and praying in their own way. We see Manataka as a wonderful opportunity to work for peace in a sacred place where the great joining of hands with all people of all races and religions is not only possible -- it is happening here!  We are the people of the five-fingered race.


It is not our job to say how people may pray.  Our job here at Manataka is not to regulate ceremony or say who may or may not enter the Sacred Circle -- only the Creator has this right.   We, the Keepers of Manataka, do not see ourselves as the vendor of any particular faith or tradition.  We believe that each tribe and nation has its own honorable and good traditions that make up the great mosaic of human spiritual experience and Manataka is a place where that diversity is respected and loved. 


It is simply our job welcome those who come and make them feel appreciated.  Our job is to be the gardener and keep the garden open and free to all who come in a good way. 



On another related note:


We understand and appreciate the fact that certain people have been chosen to defend and keep their traditions in a good way.  But, when in the exercise of protecting their ceremony they become judgmental, condescending of others and self-seeking, then it is time to turn our backs against this type of self-righteous and power-mongering demonstration.  


Yes, we know that organized major religions have been in the business of forcing their dogma and doctrine on people for two millenniums.  "Believe like we do or go to Hell" they say.   We have often wondered if postulates of this type of thinking proselytize us to save our souls or are they simply wanting our money, property and power?  History says the latter is true.


We were taught to never walk between the Sacred Fire (The origin of Life and the Creator) and another person but walking behind the person is an expression of respect and love.   In other words, we should not force our personal spiritual beliefs on others.


We believe there is movement among a few Indian communities to dogmatize their own traditions in such a way that it stifles individual spiritual freedom -- kinda like dominant religions do.  This movement is led by people who set themselves up as a judge and jury over the spiritual walk of others.  They seek to divide the Sacred Hoop into fiefdoms for glory, power and money.   They have learned the lesson of organized religion well.


Much of this, "They are robbing our ceremonies..." type of thinking comes from those who preach this form of religious dogma.  Yes, they do it to control others.



"...These (sacred) ceremonies do not belong to Indians alone, they can be done by all who have the right attitude and who are honest and sincere about their beliefs in Wakan Tanka (Great Spirit) and follow these rules.  Survival of the world depends on sharing what we have and working together.  If we don't the whole world will die. First the planet, and next the people..."  ~ Frank Fools Crow, Ceremonial Chief, Teton Sioux, Fools Crow , Thomas Mails. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A., 1990

"...This Story of Martha Bad Warrior and her people I have written, the origin and message of the Sacred Calf Pipe.  This heritage [according to Bad Warrior] is such as to be open in the good of all mankind, regardless of race, creed, color, or blood quantum...~ Martha Bad Warrior, 3rd Generation Keeper of the Sacred Bundle. Quest for the Pipe of the Sioux, Wilbur Riegert, Circa 1930's interview.






We do not condone charging for any spiritual ceremony -- regardless of what tribe or nation it may originate.  It has never happened here and never will.   Even admission to our gatherings and encampments are free. 


So, there you have it -- the truth.   We just you would like to know.


Lee Standing Bear Moore, Editor





Antibacterial Products May Be Harmful

Submitted by Liora Leah Zack



Antibacterial household products have proliferated in the past seven years. Scientists are concerned they may be harmful to human and environmental health.


More than 700 antibacterial products such as soaps, towels, sponges, cutting boards, cleansers,  toothbrushes, dishwashing detergents, hand lotions, and other household goods that claim to kill bacteria and fungi are now a $1 billion-a-year industry.  These products may be harming human health and the environment.


Triclosan, a popular microbe-icide, can combine with chlorine in tap water to form chloroform, which can be inhaled or absorbed through the skin. Some studies show that triclosan, exposed to sunlight after washing into streams and rivers through treated human waste water, can break down to a form of dioxin harmful to animals and plantlife. Dioxins are chemical contaminants that, in laboratory animals, are found to be highly toxic, causing cancer and altering reproductive, developmental and immune function.


Some scientists and physicians are concerned that widespread use of antibacterial agents will kill weak bacteria and lead to superstrong mutant strains resistant to antibiotics. They also may negatively affect the normal response of the immune system, leading to a greater chance of allergies in children.


The U.S. EPA is studying the antibacterial-dioxin link, but an industry scientist says the amount of triclosan that could wash out of a treated product is "infinitesimal," and that a number of studies have shown that using antimicrobials doesn't create resistant strains. Some environmental scientists, however, point out that no relevant long-term studies have been conducted.


Australian microbiologist Dr John Turnidge  states that "The sale of these antibacterial soaps and detergents preys on people's fears of bacteria. They're really not necessary since soaps and detergents help reduce the risk from bacteria anyway...It's really a mild kind of fraud. There's no proven benefits, and all the available evidence suggests it could be detrimental".


Antibacterial Products May Worsen Problem Of Resistant Bacteria:
CDC Report--Antibacterial Household Products: Cause for Concern:
Antibacterial products potentially harmful:
Antibacterial Pollution:

What is Dioxin? 


Pesticide Does Not Belong in Personal Care Products
What is triclosan—a pesticide that acts like a hormone, potentially damaging the immune system and possibly causing cancer—doing in hundreds of personal care products, especially anti-bacterial products? Help ban all non-medical uses of triclosan, one of the most frequently found contaminants in water, aquatic life and people.
Take action now »
Read the Breast Cancer Fund's article on triclosan »
Read the petition to the FDA requesting a triclosan ban »

The Breast Cancer Fund:



Manataka Video Store   New!



Naomi Is My Cousin

A decade ago, Stew Young was flying down the slopes of the Swiss Alps, hoping his personal best would be good enough to take him to the Olympics.

But the Oregon ironworker was paying for his own training, and he was in his late 30s -- an old man by world-class athlete standards. He stopped short of his dream.

Now Young, a Tulalip Tribes member, is at the forefront of a movement to get more Native Americans into the Olympics. He and others are trying to help indigenous peoples overcome what they consider obstacles to competition -- from bias in sporting circles to poverty that prevents youths from receiving the early, elite training that creates the top echelon of athletes.

A handful of Native American organizations in the United States and Canada are seeking International Olympic Committee recognition as sovereign nations, which would allow them to establish what Young calls the North American Indigenous Olympic team. To that end, Young traveled last week with 1968 Olympic skier Suzy Chaffee -- founder of the nonprofit Native Voices Foundation, which is organizing the Olympic bid -- to the Olympics in Turin, Italy, to make their case.

The creation of such a team composed of athletes from tribes across the continent faces daunting challenges, including established ideas of what constitutes a nation. But Native American groups have talked about creating their own team since a Mohawk lacrosse team competed for Canada in the 1904 Summer Olympics, Young said.

"This Olympic team is going to happen sometime," he said. "We are taking the first steps."

A spokesman for the United States Olympic Committee said Native Americans shouldn't expect anything more than the same chance other amateur athletes have to make their national teams.

"The U.S. Olympic Committee is recognized by the IOC as the steward for the Olympic movement in the United States," said Jeff Howard, director of corporate communications for the USOC. "And only one entity within a nation can have that distinction."

The International Olympic Committee doesn't recognize ethnic groups, said David Wallechinsky, vice president of the International Society of Olympic Historians.

It does, however, recognize people who have been colonized by geographic area, he said, which is why Guam and Puerto Rico, both U.S. territories, have their own teams. Hong Kong, now part of China, and Palestine, whose people and Palestinian Authority government are in the West Bank, also have Olympic teams. In Palestine's case, Wallechinsky said, the team was an acknowledgment that, "You're right, there is nowhere you are going to qualify" for the national team in your country.

Chaffee sees parallels to North America.

"If territories 20 miles wide can have Olympic teams," Chaffee said, "why can't sovereign Native American nations, who invented the roots of 10 Olympic sports?"

For the past decade, Chaffee -- a three-time world freestyle skiing champion, the first woman on the U.S. Olympic Committee and the "Suzy Chap Stick" star of a famed 1978 television commercial -- has developed opportunities for tribal youths to learn to ski and snowboard. Realizing Native American athletes' desire for a team of their own, she used her knowledge of Olympic governance to draft a proposal dated Jan. 29 to Jacques Rogge, IOC president.

The committee, involved last week with the Olympics in Turin, did not return calls or e-mails seeking comment.

In Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Dene Chief Bill Erasmus is training an elite indigenous hockey team in the hope of building a claim for what he calls "Team Indigenous." His Olympic vision is sanctioned by the Assembly of First Nations, of which he is the regional leader.

"I know a lot of people are good athletes, but they don't excel because they don't get encouragement or they come from families that don't support them," Erasmus said. "They really don't want to be part of the Canadian team. If we had an indigenous team, I think we would have more people willing and able to compete at the highest levels."

That path to the Olympics is the same one the Northern Mariana Islands, a U.S. territory, recently traveled. Erasmus is working to get his team admitted into national and international federations that govern amateur hockey because, as Wallechinsky said, a nation that has been recognized by several international sports federations has better a chance with the International Olympic Committee.

At the 2002 Salt Lake Games, hundreds of dancers from several tribes took part in the opening ceremony -- an experience that Karuk Tribe member Naomi Lang, five-time national ice dancing champion who was competing in the games, called amazing.

But with the approach of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, British Columbia, ceremonial participation isn't enough for Native American groups. They want to compete.

The Colorado-based nonprofit Native American Sports Council funds training for several Olympic- and Paralympic-bound athletes.

Chaffee's foundation is supporting Yupik-Inupiaq Eskimo Callan Chythlook-Sifsof, a 16-year-old Alaskan snowboarder ranked sixth in the world in her class.

The Squamish Nation in British Columbia is training the 22-member elite First Nations Snowboard Team for international competition. Financed with a $200,000 grant from the Vancouver 2010 organizing committee, the team aims "to put an athlete on the podium," spokesman Aaron Marchant said. The team also has a recreation program that coaches 44 young snowboarders, from whom it hopes to cull the next generation of potential Olympians.

Marchant wants the team to spread across Canada. By increasing the numbers of First Nations youths it trains, he expects to increase the chances of identifying the one world-class competitor typically found in a pool of 10,000 athletes.

Support for the team is one of the ways the 2010 Winter Olympics organizing committee promises unprecedented involvement with native communities, said Maureen Douglas, community relations director for the committee. Other commitments include economic development, efforts to identify athletic talent in native youths and involvement in 2010 medal ceremonies.

Every step toward the Olympic dream helps Native American communities by inspiring physical fitness and indigenous pride, said Young, the 51-year-old skier from Corvallis, Ore.

"Native American involvement in the Olympics is going to enrich the world," Young said. "And a North American indigenous team is going to represent the true inclusive spirit of the Olympics."

Indigenous athletes long have captured attention at the Olympic Games. Some of the more well-known include:

Jim Thorpe, Sac & Fox Nation: In Stockholm in 1912, he won the five-event pentathlon and broke the world record in the 10-event
decathlon. The International Olympic Committee, amid charges of racism, later forced him to return the medals because he had played semi-professional baseball. The committee restored the medals posthumously in the 1980s. The U.S. House of Representatives in 1999 named him the U.S. athlete of the century.

Billy Mills, Oglala Lakota: In Tokyo in 1964, the runner became the first U.S. athlete to win the 10,000 meters at the Games, setting an Olympic record and upsetting the world champion.

Alwyn Morris, Mohawk: In Los Angeles in 1984, the Canadian canoeist won two gold medals and a bronze, electrifying viewers when he carried an eagle feather to the podium to receive one of his medals.

Cathy Freeman: In Sydney in 2000, the aboriginal runner -- who had shocked Australia at the 1994 Commonwealth Games by wrapping herself in an aboriginal flag for her victory lap -- tied the Australian and aboriginal flags together for her lap after winning gold for Australia.

Kara Briggs is a staff writer for The Oregonian of Portland, Ore.,

Submitted by Andre Cramblit, Indigenous News Network



Read related story 10 Notable American Indians




Native casino owners share guilt in scandal

The Jack Abramoff scandal has netted a number of Washington-based lobbyists and appears likely to cost several U.S. congressmen their political lives.


So far the mainstream press has not been overly critical of Indian casino operators who knowingly took part in the Abramoff scheme, although this may change once Abramoff testifies before U.S. prosecutors.


If Native gambling is to survive, organizations such as the Native American Gaming Association have to take the lead in calling for changes in the National Indian Gaming Act, new laws that will require greater accountability, annual fiscal reports to all tribal members and mandates that will ensure the profits are spent for programs that benefit the people.


But don't expect NIGA to do this. That group, which, despite its claims to the contrary, has connections with Abramoff and has gone so far as to seek an alliance with disgraced Rep. Tom DeLay, according to, a Native-owned online news service.


It is silly for NIGA to maintain that Indian gambling is free of corruption and is sufficiently regulated to prevent any large-scale abuses. What NIGA must do to keep what credibility it has is to seek a vigorous, comprehensive criminal investigation into this affair insofar as it involves Indian nations and, when warranted, stiff jail terms for those leaders who spend millions of dollars of their people's money without consent.


Whether it is unauthorized endowments to Harvard or millions of dollars to lobbyists, it is time to clean up Indian gambling and, while we are at it, perhaps it is time for NIGA to press the nations to pass an Indian Civil Rights Act that is enforceable and guarantees the human rights of all Native peoples.


It doesn't make sense to send American kids to die in Iraq for democracy's sake when those very freedoms are denied to Indian people here. Nothing like a free press to keep Indian leaders honest. However, there is no free press in Indian country. Most Native publications are heavily controlled and financed by Native groups, which in turn depend on gambling revenues.

All this reminds me of a story. It seems that Coyote, the eternal trickster, had gotten the idea that there was power in the excrement of animals and humans. And once Coyote had an idea in his mind he would not let it go. He searched around for a place where he could collect the excrement and came upon a village of Indians.


With his clever tongue he persuaded them that great power was in the excrement, which he would share with them if only they would agree to allow him to place it near the village. The Indians eagerly agreed.


As everyone knows, there is an endless supply of this material and Coyote got busy collecting it. In a very short time he had enough to build a great hill large enough to cast the village in a deep shadow. When the people complained about the terrible smell, Coyote brought them bundles of sweet-smelling sage, which he tied around their heads so the herb was suspended right beneath their noses. The pile of excrement grew and grew until it touched the clouds, changing their color from white to a putrid brown.


Finally, the smell rose to the Creator, who was so offended he sent a great storm to wash away the excrement mountain which, sadly, buried the village.


Coyote, ever the survivor, was saddened by the loss of his mountain but accepted no blame. As he trotted away following another idea, he muttered to himself that it was not the excrement that destroyed the villagers but the sage they had tied beneath their noses.


George-Kanentiio, Akwesasne Mohawk, resides on Oneida Territory. He is a co-founder of the Native American Journalist Association and the author of two books on Iroquois culture.


The Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 01/25/06. Al rights reserved.  

Submitted by Mark and Carla Maslin




Our grandfather on mothers side was Comanche. His name was Frank Crow. He was born on the western rim of Palo Duro Canyon in West Texas. When I was turned twelve years old, for my birthday he gave me 12 pennies. They were wheat pennies all dated the year of my birth. In those days you could buy a candy bar for a nickel, a coke for a nickel and a two cent deposit on the bottle.  He told me to carry the pennies in my left pocket every day. During the day, any time I told a lie or spoke an untruth I should take one penny and put it in my right pocket. He said that when the left pocket was empty to come to him and he would give me a dime. This is how he taught me that lies are a dime a dozen. I still have those pennies. Recently while in a bookstore I was flipping through a coin collectors book and found that each penny was now worth a dime. I guess that’s inflation. I could hear PaPa whisper in my ear that, lies are still a dime a dozen.


Laughing Crow Selvidge





Tekahionwake: A Voice from Two Worlds

          By Linda VanBibber




The time is 1891.  The woman on stage is an anomaly for the times.  She calls herself Tekahionwake, Two Lives, after her grandfather.  And she has two lives – the life of a Mohawk woman and the life of an English lady.  Everything about her reflects her position of one between the worlds.  She reads her poetry the way she lives it and the way she writes it – with passion.  She is costumed in native dress for the first half of her recital; then returns to stage in an English gown for the last half.


Emily Pauline Johnson was born in 1860, the daughter of a Mohawk Native-Canadian chief and English mother.  Much of Canadian society was shocked that a ‘white’ woman would marry a Native man.

Read this story here...




Legends of Old:


Doing a Trick with Eyeballs

A Cheyenne Legend


Veeho is like some tourists who come into an Indian village not knowing how to behave or what to do, trying to impress everybody. One day Veeho met a medicine man with great powers. This man thought to amuse Veeho -- and himself -- with a little trick.

"Eyeballs," he shouted, "I command you to fly out of my head and hang on that tree over there."

At once his eyeballs shot out of his head and in a flash were hanging from a tree branch. Veeho watched open-mouthed.

"Ho! Eyeballs!" cried the medicine man, "now come back where you belong!" And quick as lightning, the eyeballs were back where they ought to be.

"Uncle," said Veeho, "please give me a little of your power so that I too can do this wonderful trick." To himself Veeho was thinking, "Then I can set up as a medicine man; then people will look up to me, especially good-looking girls; then people will give me many gifts!"

"Why not?" said the medicine man. "Why not give you a little power to please you? But, listen, Veeho, don't do this trick more than four times a day, or your eyeballs won't come back."

Veeho could hardly wait to get away and try out this stunning trick. As soon as he was alone, he ordered: "Eyeballs, hop on that ledge over there. Jump to it!" And the eyeballs did. Veeho couldn't see a thing. "Quickly, eyeballs, back into your sockets!" The eyeballs obeyed. "Boy, oh boy," Veeho said to himself, "what a big man I am. Powerful, really powerful." Soon he saw another tree. "Eyeballs, up into that tree, quick!" For a second time the eyeballs did as they were told. "Back into the skull!" Veeho shouted, snapping his fingers. And once more the eyeballs jumped back. Veeho was enjoying himself, getting used to this marvelous trick. He couldn't stop. Twice more he performed it. "Well, that's it for today," he said.

Later he came to a big village and wanted to impress the people with his powers. "Would you believe it, cousins," he told them, "I can make my eyeballs jump out of my head, fly over to that tree, hang themselves from a branch, and come back when I tell them."

The people, of course, didn't believe him; they laughed. Veeho grew angry. "It's true, it's true!" he cried. "You stupid people, I can do it."

"Show us," said the people.

"How often have I done this trick?" Veeho tried to remember. "Four times? No, no. The first time was only for practice; it doesn't count. I can still show these dummies something." And he commanded: "Eyeballs, hang yourselves on a branch of that tree!" The eyeballs did, and a great cry of wonder and astonishment went up. "There, you louts, didn't I tell you?" said Veeho, strutting around, puffing himself up.

After a while he said: "All right, eyeballs, comeback!" But the eyeballs stayed up in the tree. "Come back, come back, you no-good eyeballs!" Veeho cried again and again, but the eyeballs stayed put.

Finally a big fat crow lighted on that tree and gobbled them up. "Mm, good," said the crow, "very tasty." The people laughed at Veeho, shook their heads, and went away. Veeho was blind now. He didn't know what to do. He groped through the forest. He stumbled. He ran into trees. He sat down by a stone and cried.

He heard a squeaking sound. It was a mouse calling other mice. "Mouse, little mouse," cried Veeho, "I am blind. Please lend me one of your eyes so that I can see again."

"My eyes are tiny," said the mouse, "much too tiny. What good would one of them do you? It wouldn't fit." But Veeho begged so pitifully that the mouse finally gave him an eye, saying: "I guess I can get along with the other

So Veeho had one eye, but it was very small indeed. What he saw was just a tiny speck of light. Still, it was better than nothing. Veeho staggered on and met a buffalo. "Buffalo brother," he begged, "I have to get along with
just this one tiny mouse eye. How can a big man like me make do with that? Have pity on me, brother, and lend me one of your big, beautiful eyes."

"What good would one of my eyes do you?" asked the buffalo. "It's much too big for your eye-hole."

But Veeho begged and wept and wheedled until the buffalo said: "Well, all right, I'll let you have one. I can't stand listening to you carrying on like that. I guess I can get by with one eye."

And so Veeho had his second eye. The buffalo bull's eye was much too big. It stuck out of its socket like a shinny ball boys like to play with. It made everything look twice as big as his own eyes had. And since the mouse eye
saw everything ten times smaller, Veeho got a bad headache. But what could he do? It was better than being blind.

"It's a bad mess, though," said Veeho. Veeho went back to his wife and lodge. His wife looked at him. "I believe your eyes are a little mismatched," she told him. And he described all that had happened to him.

"You know," she said, "I think you should stop fooling around, trying to impress people with your tricks."

"I guess so, " said Veeho.


Told by Rachel Strange Owl in Birney, Montana, 1971
Our Thanks to Blue Panther Keeper of Stories.





Each soul must meet the morning sun, the new sweet earth and the Great Silence alone!"  ~Ohiyesa, (Dr. Charles A. Eastman, Santee Sioux)


Os'iyo, Honoured Friends of Manataka,


Please convey the warm wishes of Quaker Concern for Animals in Britain to all involved with Manataka. I always read Smoke Signals with great interest and, of course, the plight of the Yellowstone bison disturbs us too. As I remember, we signed a petition against this slaughter.  Might I ask your permission to put the quote above on our site, with attribution, of course?  Quakers consider silence to be of great importance.


In friendship, Marian Hussenbux




Hi Manataka,

    A couple of years ago I met a man online that helped me find a flag for a friend of mine that is American Indian.   His name is Standing Bear and he was as I could tell a fine gentleman and very knowledgeable on what I was wanting.  Since then, I have received the newsletter and actually put in to practice on some of the things that happen to me in my everyday life.  Keep up the good work and I look forward to someday attending a meeting and learning more.


~James Jackson




  Hello Manataka,

Wanted to tell you how much I enjoyed this issue of Smoke Signals.  Also wanted to let you know that the book The Wisdom Walkers has been re-edited and updated with a bibliography and illustrations.  Despite having it edited previously there were still some grammatical errors, and they were driving me nuts.  It is now clean and six pages longer, thanks to the addition of the bibliogrpahy and some graphics.  The Time MAgazine article on Kennewick Man in the March 13 issue supports the premise of the book and promises to be a big shot in the arm for those of us who didn't think the Bering Strait theory explained everything there was to know about Indians.

Thank you for including Luis Bonet in your prayers.  His funeral services were beautiful and we are very grateful for smoke Signals and the Manataka Organization.

~ Corina Roberts, Author of Wisdom Walkers


Dear Manataka,

Once again I want to thank all of you for the hundreds of notes you have sent telling me you are praying for us.  Many have asked where this happened?  The event was our annual spring pow wow.  It is called the Nde Daa Pow Wow which means "The People Spring Pow Wow."  A long time ago when I was a little boy, our family would get together each spring and celebrate.  The celebration died out as our elders died out so we decided several years ago to have a small pow wow to bring in the spring time.  Funny the way things happen, but the pow wow today is just across the street from where we used to celebrate.  The sad thing is that today there is a subdivision, a golf course and a middle school where the woods we used to celebrate were.  The pow wow is in McAllen, Texas.  This is where our band settled about 95 years ago from the last Lipan Apache settlement.

I am writing once again for prayer.  Tomorrow we will meet with our lawyer, and the federal agent who took the feathers and invaded our pow wow and harassed some of the dancers and vendors.  The meeting is scheduled for 9:00 AM our time.  At that time we will surrender my two roach feathers, see the other feathers he took, for the last time; and pay the fine posted on my brother-in-law.  We will conduct a small ceremony and sing two of our traditional songs.  One will be a song of protection asking God our Creator to protect the feathers and that they land in the hands of someone who will respect them as we have.  The second song will be sung in the office of our lawyer which will be a farewell song.  Then we will leave the office to mourn in our own way our great loss.  So please pray for us tomorrow.  We are traditional people and we must do things in our traditional ways so keep us in prayer.

I will soon send you the letter from our tribal chairman and from me with the addresses of the politicians that I feel need to hear what has happened.  We have to do it this way as we were advised by our lawyer.  Today the story leaked out to the media and I had to beg them to wait on the story.  Unfortunately it they did not wait.  We just want to get this part out of the way and then sincerely seek what direction we should take afterward.  I will write more later.  God bless and thank you for your prayers.

Robert Soto, Lipan Apache Warrior






My dear Prime Minister,


I wonder how much you are aware of the fact that Mohawk sovereignty is being threatened by the continuing actions of the federal government and most importantly, the health and safety of all the residents of Akwesasne, Kahnawake, Kanehsatake and Tyendinega, men, women, children, the infirm and the aged.


It would be most unfortunate if Canadians were to become involved in “open warfare” with Canadian military personnel. Is this possible? Most certainly! Can you imagine what it would be like if Canadians became terrorists in our Canada in retaliation for activities on the part of our federal government? If you can, you will take immediate action to prevent any actions on the part of the federal government that would generate hostile actions on the part of any who feel oppressed by governments at all levels in Canada.


You have clearly indicated that Canada will be in Afghanistan for the long haul. You have your reasons for making that type of statement in support of future government international affairs. What do you believe to be more important, external affairs or internal affairs?


Where do you as a person stand? If you want to be damned in the minds of the peoples of the world, you have the unique but unfortunate opportunity in the here and now. What do you choose to do?


~ Lou Reeves, Author and Poet


"Climb the mountains and get their good tidings.
Nature's peace will flow into you as sunshine flows into trees.
The winds will blow their own freshness into you...
while cares will drop off like autumn leaves."
~ John Muir

Submitted by Sheri Burnett


Funny Bones...


DR. COYOTE'S STORY TIME: A Nutritional Myth*:

Creator populated the earth with broccoli, cauliflower, spinach, green and yellow vegetable of all kinds, so the People would live long and healthy lives.

And Coyote created fast food which brought forth the ¢.99 cheeseburger.
Coyote said to Man, "want fries with that?"
And Man said, "Super size them, and gained pounds.
So Creator created yogurt for people to keep their figures.
And Coyote brought forth chocolate and we gained pounds.
So Creator said, "Try my crispy fresh salad."
And Coyote brought forth ice cream and we gained pounds.
So Creator said, "I have sent you healthy vegetables and olive oil to cook them."
And Coyote brought forth chicken-fried steak so big it needed its own platter.
And Man gained pounds and his bad cholesterol went through the roof.
So Creator brought forth running shoes and Man resolved to lose those extra pounds.
And Coyote brought forth cable TV with remote control so Man would not have to toil to change channels between ESPN and ESPN2.
And Man gained pounds and Creator said, "You're running up the score, Coyote."
So Creator brought forth the potato, naturally low in fat and brimming with nutrition.
And Coyote peeled off the healthful skin and sliced the starchy center into chips and deep fat fried them. And he created ranch dip also.
And Man clutched his remote control and ate the potato chips swaddled in cholesterol.
And Coyote saw and said, "It is good."
And Man went into cardiac arrest.
Creator sighed and created quadruple bypass surgery.
So Coyote created Insurance, HMO's, and Indian Health Services.

*In many cultures, Coyote is the trickster and his advice should be taken with a grain of sodium reduced kosher sea salt (his section is intended as humor or parody). If you have any questions to ask of Dr.  Coyote about, diet, health, nutrition or exercise please email:


[Smoke Signals is proud to welcome Bennie E. "Blue Thunder" LeBeau Sr., an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone Nation, Wind River Indian Reservation, Ft. Washakie, Wyoming to our growing list of MAIC Newsletter Correspondents.  His "Teton Rainbow" column will become a regular feature on these pages starting this month.]


Greetings My Fellow Brothers, Sisters, Family and Relatives,
I have been instructed to deliver the Spoken Truth in book form and these messages to you; these many message speak in glorious ways about Mother Nature.  I pray that you will see the great significance of these messages.  Many have obtained a copy of the first book of five to be written of Spoken Truth, Warriors of Old.  I am receiving many negative responses from many that are walking with doubt in this message that was sent out below in these messages. I ask respectfully for you to take into consideration what is being given in Spoken Truth, as many have already have.  The Great Spirit and Mother Earth need our help in healing our Nations and Mother Earth’s Carpets in Nature.  We have been given that stewardship for many generations.  Now is the time once again to rise within sacredness in peaceful relationships for all cultures.  This information will help our families of all cultures heal. 
I thank each and everyone that Supported of the Ceremonies On May 8th, 2004, The Big Bear Medicine Wheel Ceremony Nov 15th, 2004 and in future ceremonies. I now ask for your support for Spoken Truth, the book; Warriors of Old the messages from Ancestors from the past, present and future.  Please Open Your Hearts to the Messages of White Eagle, sent from the Great Spirit to deliver messages of peace in Spoken Truth.
Respectfully, An Eastern Shoshone Brother Working For Peace & Harmony…


Representing White Eagle –  A Messenger For Peace

This is a message to all wisdom keepers of knowledge within the Indigenous Nations of the America's, including all Traditional Leaders, Men and Women both.   I have been asked to spread the word of White Eagle, a sacred Holy One who is working with White Thunder from the East-bringing message towards the west with sacred messages for peace.  As an Eastern Shoshone messenger, a Peacemaker; I pray that leaders within the Navajo Nations, Dakota/Lakota Nations and Hopi Nations will take this message with a caring heart for peace.   Healing our Indigenous Nations of the past injustices that need repaired in what’s separating our families across the America’s.
This includes all Indigenous Nations and other cultures receiving this message for peace to prevail in a peaceful manner.  I respectfully request for this message be given to all Leaders/Advisors and Spiritual Leaders within the Indigenous Nations of the America's.  Please forward this message to those leaders and individuals that we know far and wide in our Indigenous Nations homelands.  I have been asked to communicate with the leaders that see the importance of this message by White Eagle.  Those that feel the importance to communicate with me please get in touch with me at (307) 851-6249 or my email at  I thank you all on Behalf of White Eagle and White Thunder as Peacemakers from the past, present for our futures in peace in our homelands. A spirit that brought peace to the America’s long ago has brought many messages for peace. This Peacemaker was recognized by many names in the Tribal Nations of the America's.  From the Spoken Truth, Warriors of Old, the Holy Ones, our ancestors are sending powerful messages for peace.
Many Zahaunts, which means, many thank yous to those that chose to send this message to their Indigenous Nations Chiefs/Leaders, a message for peace in the America’s. Prophecy.  Those Chiefs that receive this message I respectfully request that you contact me at my telephone or my email address. Awe-hout, More Thank Yous than thank you can be mentioned for your consideration in the name of Peace and Harmony working to heal the traumas held in our Tribal Nations.  May the Great Spirit Continue to Bless Each and Everyone in Wisdom and Knowledge as the Great Spirit has intended from the Central Sun, our Creator to live in harmony upon our Mother the Earth.




A University professor at a well known institution of higher learning challenged his students with this question.

"Did God create everything that exists?"

A student bravely replied, "Yes he did!"

"God created everything?" The professor asked.

"Yes sir, he certainly did," the student replied.

The professor answered, "If God created everything; then God created evil.

And, since evil exists, and according to the principle that our works define who we are, then we can assume God is evil."

The student became quiet and did not answer the professor's hypothetical definition. The professor, quite pleased with himself, boasted to the students that he had proven once more that religious faith was a myth.

Another student raised his hand and said, "May I ask you a question, professor?"

"Of course", replied the professor.

The student stood up and asked, "Professor, does cold exist?"

"What kind of question is this? Of course it exists.  Have you never been cold?"

The other students snickered at the young man's question.

The young man replied, "In fact, sir, cold does not exist. According to the laws of physics, what we consider cold is in reality the absence of heat.

Every body or object is susceptible to study when it has or transmits energy, and heat is what makes a body or matter have or transmit energy. Absolute zero (-460F) is the total absence of heat. And all matter becomes inert and incapable of reaction at that

Cold does not exist. We have created this word to describe how we feel if we have no heat."

The student continued, "Professor, does darkness exist?"

The professor responded, "Of course it does."

The student replied, "Once again you are wrong, sir, darkness does not exist either. Darkness is in reality the absence of light. Light we can study, but not darkness. In fact, we can use Newton's prism to break white light into many colors and study the various wavelengths of each color. You cannot measure darkness. A simple ray of light can break into a world of darkness and illuminate it.

How can you know how dark a certain space is? You measure the amount of light present. Isn't this correct? Darkness is a term used by man to describe what happens when there is no light present."

Finally the young man asked the professor, "Sir, does evil exist?"

Now uncertain, the professor responded, "Of course, as I have already said. We see it everyday. It is in the daily examples of man's inhumanity to man. It is in the multitude of crime and violence everywhere in the world. These manifestations are nothing else but evil."

To this the student replied, "Evil does not exist, sir, or at least it does not exist unto itself. Evil is simply the absence of God. It is just like darkness and cold, a word that man has created to describe the absence of God. God did not create evil. Evil is the
result of what happens when man does not have God's love present in his heart. It's like the cold that comes when there is no heat, or the darkness that comes when there is no light."

The professor sat down.


~Happiness comes through doors you did not even know you have left open.


Submitted by John James





Elder's Meditation

"The beginning is purification, that's the first step.. And purification means purification of body and mind. You don't purify the body without cleansing the mind; that's the way it works." -Rolling Thunder, Cherokee


If we have bad thoughts or poison in our minds, they will eventually show up in our bodies in the form of headaches, pains, and stomach problems. It works this way because we are interconnected. Our minds and our bodies are one system. So when we start to grow, or commit to the Red Road, we need to start cleaning up our thoughts and start showing respect for our bodies. We start purifying our minds by prayer and meditation, and we start cleansing our bodies by getting the right

amount of sleep and developing good eating habits. Today, I'm going to observe my thoughts. Will my thoughts be clean today?


Great Spirit, let me focus on Your love today so my mind will be pure.

By Don Coyhis




Tribal Politics...


Cherokee Chief Calls for Removal of the Cherokee

Freedmen from Tribal Membership Status

On Monday, March 13, 2006 at the regular tribal council meeting, Principal Chief Chad Smith of the Cherokee nation of Oklahoma called for the tribal council to propose and approve a constitutional amendment which would be placed on the ballot at the next Cherokee general election to allow the Cherokee voters to strip the Cherokee Freedmen from their status as tribal citizens. The Cherokee Freedmen are descendants of freed slaves and free mixed African Cherokee peoples who received Cherokee citizenship in 1866 based on a treaty with the US government and based on amendments to the 1839 Constitution.

This comes on the heels of a March 7 2006 decision by the Cherokee nation highest tribal court, the JAT, which ruled that tribal council ordinances which had prevented the Cherokee freedmen from obtaining tribal membership cards and tribal voting cards after 1983 were illegal. The court ruled that under a constitution approved by the Cherokee voters in 1976 and approved by
the US government, that the tribal council did not have the authority to pass laws which would strip tribal membership and voting rights from any class of citizens or their descendants who were listed on the Dawes Final rolls prepared by the US government and approved by Congress in 1907.

The Principal Chief indicated that the Freedmen had been "paid off" when they received their allotments and had thus received more than the former slaves of US citizens. He also indicated that the Freedmen had not built up the tribe for more than 100 years and now should not be able to receive the benefits of tribal membership. He stated that the 2 justices who had upheld the Cherokee freedmen citizenship rights had overturned a prior case on the freedmen and had interpreted the constitution different from what many people had been thinking was correct for many years.

He stated that he knew the council was divided on the freedmen issues and named one by one those council members who had not supported the Principal Chief when he proposed filing a lawsuit against the Department of Interior/ Bureau of Indian Affairs last month which had not approved a constitutional amendment which would remove the US government from being able to approve
or disapprove any new constitution or constitutional amendment approved by the Cherokee voters.

Cherokee Freedmen are litigating this proposed constitutional amendment because Cherokee freedmen were not permitted to vote on it. The Chief indicated that the Cherokee people had the right to have an all Indian tribe and did not have to have a tribe with all of the classes of citizens as was the makeup of the tribe in prior years.

Marilyn Vann, President of the Descendants of freedmen association, and a plaintiff in the lawsuit Vann et al Versus Norton was personally present during this state of the nation: speech by the Principal Chief. She has the following statement to give to the press on this matter:

I am amazed that the Principal Chief would propose taking such actions to remove a class of citizens of the tribe who have held citizenship in the Cherokee nation for almost 140 years. Is the Cherokee nation a "race" or a "nation"? The Federal government does not have government to government relationships with "races" but with nations.

It is difficult to conceive that the leadership of the Cherokee nation can embrace as tribal members those individuals who merely based on appearance appear to be Caucasian people but cannot accept a small number of people who are descendants of long time tribal members who have some African blood but most of whom have many documents besides the Dawes Final roll (which did not list "blood quantums" of people listed as freedmen) to prove their Indian ancestry. And even for those who cannot establish a Cherokee "blood quantum", they have rights as promised under US laws and the laws of the Cherokee nation. As for why the Freedmen received land allotments, they received allotments as did every other tribal member.

Regarding the Chiefs beliefs that the freedmen have not built up the Cherokee nation for more than 100 years, the tribe has not been functioning as a tribal nation for most of the last 100 years. For more of that time period, there was a Chief appointed by the US government, no tribal court, no tribal council, and not tribal employees. And some years the US president did not even appoint a principal Chief. Those Cherokee freedmen tribal members who were employed by the tribal government during the early 1980s were stripped by their jobs by Chief Ross Swimmer when the Freedmen tribal members opposed him for reelection. That is when they stopped "building up the tribe" and it was not their choice to stop doing so.

The tribal government has basically only been functioning since 1976. If Cherokee Freedmen have not used their skills as Doctors, Nurses, CPAs, attorneys and engineers since 1983, it is because they have been kicked but of the tribe and with no voice in the matter. Every day people obtain tribal membership cards in the Cherokee nation who they and their ancestors have
lived in far away states since the early part of the 20th century and have contributed nothing to the Cherokee nation since 1910. The Cherokee Freedmen people have only asked for their rights as promised by the 1866 treaty and in the 1976 constitution which the freedmen people voted on along with other tribal members.

And the JAT has made its decision that the freedmen have been wrongly denied their rights. Would any Chief or former Chief of the Cherokee nation like to have had the rights of Cherokee people to American citizenship put before the voters during the first part of the 20th Century? Or issues regarding terminations of all tribal entities during the 1950s? The American people, not understanding the place of the Indian nations in the US and the promises given to the tribal nations might have voted to terminate all tribes, in spite of the promises made to the Indian nations by earlier US government officials.

The Descendants of Freedmen, those with and without "Indian blood" call for the leadership of the Cherokee nation to keep the promises made to the Cherokee freedmen by earlier tribal leaders. Chief Smith cited the words of Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black taken from the case Tuscarora Power Company in November 2003 in Washington DC "Great nations like great men should
keep their word". WE call for the Principal Chief Smith to remember these words.

To conclude:  
We call on all persons interested in justice to listen to the Principal Chiefs message on the Cherokees nation website in streaming video archived at and support the Cherokee freedmen in their fight for self determination. Also We call on All descendants of Cherokee Freedmen to apply for tribal membership and exercise their voting rights.


Contact:  Marilyn Vann
Descendants of Freedmen Box 42221, Oklahoma 73123




Kangalion Monkphant BeagleRoo



by Edward Racey

Similar but not the same
experience defines distinction.
Man must not seek to duplicate
just one step closer to extinction.

Why bite the hand that feeds you?
Why smack the hands of creation?
Has time taught us nothing of life?
We MUST fight the duplication.

It is hard enough today
to find a definite identity.
It would be impossible to find the truth
if there were two or more of me.

You have constructed the ladder
but now you have climbed too high.
The strands of DNA beneath you shatter
and now the pieces fall from the sky.

Clones - Is this really me?


Photos submitted by Julie Maltagliati, Florida


Health Watch... 


ABCs of Wound Healing


One day, years ago, when my mother was a young girl, as she was running barefoot through the horse barn, she stepped on a pitchfork.  This pitchfork had been used for shoveling manure and was old and rusty.  I am sure the tines were covered with microorganisms.   As she stepped on the pitchfork, a tine went through the bottom of her foot and came out the top.  To this day my mother still remembers the incident. 


This type of wound is a nasty wound, whether it happens today or happened 64 year ago.  At that time, there were no vaccines for tetanus and there were few antibiotics, yet my mother did survive the incident and it was fairly uneventful.  Hollywood might have us believe that most people die from deep wounds if they do not seek medical attention, but the truth is most people in the past took care of their wounds and survived.  They did it without tetanus shots and they did it without antibiotics.  All you need to know are a few simple rules of basic wound hygiene.


Several years ago, a neighbor called with a horse problem.  Two stallions had been fighting.  One stallion had sunk his teeth into the front right shoulder of the other stallion.  With great force he then pulled the skin away from the muscle.  A day or two later they discovered the younger stallion with this huge flap of skin lying open.


You could see the front right muscle of the foreleg, the abdominal sack that held the internal organs in place and some of the side muscles going around the horse's girth.  For at least 24 hours this had all been open to the wilderness and many microorganisms.  With a few simple steps, however, I was able to repair the wound with no infection, and today you cannot even see the scar where the skin (hide) came back together.


With seven children, a herd of goats, horses, ducks and even wild animals, I have had lots of experience with wounds and natural healing.


We have had our share of gashes and wounds that most people would handle with stitches, tetanus shots, and antibiotics.  Instead, we have always chosen natural healing.  However, I am not a physician and am not giving you medical advice.  What I have written here is nothing more than the writing of a friend sharing with you what she has learned in her own personal experiences.


Here are my steps:


1. First, stop the bleeding, if there is any.  Generally this is easily done by applying pressure to the wound with a clean cloth.

Be patient.  If you hold it longer than necessary, it will not hurt anything.  If you keep taking the pressure off the wound and it has not stopped bleeding, you may prolong the time it takes the blood to clot.


With bad gashes and huge open wounds the clotting will happen faster if you use goldenseal root powder or cayenne pepper.  There are other herbs as well that will help to stop bleeding, such as yarrow and shepherd's purse.  Any herb with astringent properties can be used.  However, in most cases simply applying pressure with a little patience is sufficient.


2. The next step is to decide if the wound is dirty.

         a. Examples of clean wounds:

The other day, one of our employees had his finger under a pallet when the truck driver set it down.  The pressure of 1,500 pounds on the end of that finger flattened it, causing breaks in the skin on both sides just from the pressure.  From the breaks, once the bleeding had stopped you could see deep inside the finger.  However, this wound was not a dirty wound because there had been no object covered with microorganisms inside the cavity.


        A few years ago, we were looking at a house, and one of our children was running through the basement and hit his brow on the corner of a countertop.  The pressure of the hit split open the brow, and since the facial skin does not attach to the muscles there, the skin just lay open and the lower edge of the cut rested on the eyelid.  It looked awful, but this is another example of a clean wound.


         b. Examples of dirty wounds:

In northern Minnesota, if your car breaks down and it is 30 below zero this can be life threatening and dangerous.  People who live here know this, and everyone stops to help when a person is stranded.  Unlike in a big city, in northern Minnesota there are few policeman, sheriffs or state troopers.  There is little traffic as well, so if you see someone in need, you stop.  Well, we were on our way somewhere in our old, red Suburban on a cold day and picked up a man whose car had broken down.


In the back of the Suburban were several sacks of garbage to go to the recycling plant.  Some of the children had to crawl across these sacks to move to another seat to make room for the stranger.  One of the children crawled across a garbage sack containing broken glass and received a large cut on his knee.  This is a dirty cut.  Anytime an object is inserted past the skin creating a wound, the cut should be considered dirty.


Ken was tearing apart a kennel we had built for puppies in our basement in a house we had sold.  The new owners wanted it removed.  While doing this he stepped on a nail protruding from board.  The nail went deep into his foot and the wound was quite painful.  There had been lots of puppy excretions in this kennel, and the nail was definitely not clean.

This is another example of a dirty wound.


3.     If the wound is dirty, it needs to be cleaned and it will need to heal from the inside out.  This generally means soaking and oftentimes it means using hydrogen peroxide.  It also is aided by the use of herbs.


4. Soaking the Wound:

Soaking allows the wound to cleanse and keeps it from healing on the outside.  You do not want the skin to heal first.  The really dangerous organisms, which cause things like tetanus and gangrene, are facultative anaerobes.  This means they do not grow in the presence of oxygen.  They grow in wounds that have scabbed over.  This allows the inner part of the gash to become very low in oxygen and an environment in which facultative anaerobes can grow.  However, as long as the wound heals from the inside out, you will not have this problem.  Soaking is mandatory for any deep wound for it to heal properly.


a.  My favorite soaking agent is Epsom salts.  This is the soaking agent my grandparents used on my mother.  They soaked her foot twice a day in Epsom salts for a week, that is all they did.


b.  Soaking in just warm water can work. Soaking in pau 'd arco tea, hibiscus tea, comfrey tea, or many other herbal teas also works.


5.  Cleaning the wound:

If you soak the wound and there is still dirt and foreign matter in the wound, this has to be removed.  Usually soaking cleans the wound fairly well and further work is not necessary. If any foreign material is in the wound, it must be removed, or the wound will be open to infection and will not heal.


a.  Do not use isopropyl alcohol.  This alcohol cannot be neutralized by the liver and is very toxic to the body.  Every year there are a few alcoholics who become desperate for a drink and end up purchasing isopropyl alcohol.  Within a very short time they are found dead.  It doesn't matter that commercial perfumes, deodorants, body sprays, aftershaves and other items have isopropyl alcohol.  It is dangerous.  The FDA does not allow it in any food.  Why they allow it on skin products, I do not know.  I guess it is believed that what goes on the skin is not absorbed into the body, but rather evaporated.  To a certain extent this may be true, but some does get absorbed into our blood stream and tissues.  In this polluted world, it is just best to stay away from isopropyl altogether.


b.  Use hydrogen peroxide instead.  This substance works through a reaction in which the H_2 O_2 becomes H_2 O and O_ (water and oxygen).

The free oxygen will attach to molecules present and oxidize them.  Free

Oxygen reacts with both red and white blood cells, and it also reacts with the cell walls of the bacteria and kills them.  There are very few microorganisms that will not oxidize.


c.  Next, powder the wound with goldenseal root powder or cayenne pepper.  Other herbs such as comfrey or plantain can be used as well.

The goldenseal and cayenne have astringent and antimicrobial properties.  They work remarkably well and ensure that the wound will not become infected.  Comfrey and plantain are cell proliferators that speed the healing process.


d.  Since the wound is a dirty, deep wound, you will need to soak the wound at least twice a day and recover the wound with goldenseal or cayenne each time.  You want to make sure the wound heals from the inside out; hence, soaking is essential.


6.  Watch out for any swelling, red streaks or pussy discharge. 

You do not want to see any fever or other symptoms that might signal that an infection has gone systemic.  Even though these things are not expected, you still want to look for them.


If the wound is a clean wound, you can just powder the wound well with the herbs and pull the tissues back together without doing a soak.  In this case, soaking will actually introduce organisms into the cut.  If you are careful to bring the two edges of the cut together correctly the closure line will be barely detectable once it is healed.  It should, in the long run, be much less detectable than if you had selected to get stitches.  Our experience is that, after a year or two, you cannot see the scar.


All the clean wounds we tackle here in our family are done this way.  We simply powder the wound, getting as much of goldenseal root inside the wound as possible, and then bind the tissues together.  I keep a stash of butterfly bandages here to bring the tissues together just perfectly.


[Caution: Do not wait to consult a medical professional in cases of severe wounds and minor wounds that fail to heal properly.  Failure to seek medical advise could lead to serious complications, infection, illness and even death.]


Copyright© 2004, All Rights Reserved.

Submitted by Soaring Eagle Danysh





From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent


ADA's Abandoning Dentists over Mercury... and Fluoride?


This is a statement from the American Dental Association (ADA) made in Superior Court in California. What it says is that as far as liabilities from mercury amalgams are concerned, dentists are on their own. The ADA accepts no responsibility for their use. This, despite the fact that the ADA has been promoting and pushing this filling for over 150 years, even to the point of persecuting dentists who refused to use this material or removed it from patients who complained of health problems. In fact, the IAOMT helped to raise thousands of dollars for battles to help dentists who made public their opposition to the use of mercury amalgams.

"The ADA owes no legal duty of care to protect the public from allegedly dangerous products used by dentists.  The ADA did not manufacture, design, supply or install the mercury containing amlagams. The ADA does not control those who do.  The ADA's only alleged involvement was to provide information regarding its use."  Tolhurst v. J & J and ADA, Superior Court,Santa Clara, CA. Case No. 718228, 1995.

From the first sentence it is clear that the ADA also absolves itself from any responsibility for other "dangerous products used by dentists." I assume that this would include fluoride. Please show this statement to your local dentist and find out what his or her reaction is to it. Do they feel abandoned by this organization?


As expected, readers have been shocked by the ADA's crude attempt to wash its hands of the liabilities incurred by its promotion of the use of toxic substances like mercury and fluoride in dentistry and in the community. Especially since their promotion has included outright bullying and legal action against those dentists who have not complied with their "information."


This is what Earle Cobb, Jr.  <>, a lawyer from San Antonio, Texas wrote to the Fluoride Action Network:


"I represented Dr. Rodney Sellers, DDA, about 30 years ago in a suit againt the Texas Dental Association. The TDA wanted to discipline him because he contended that mercury amalgalms were harmful.  We lost the case, and he lost his dental practice.  If TDA says it is not responsible, they are lying. ECJr"


This is what Dr. Mae Woo  <> a dentist from Montana wrote:


"My initial blunt angry reaction:  They are a bunch of scumbags!  I hope dentists wake up and refuse to join the ADA.  They are useless. I am sending this to my dentist friends. Mae"


I am sure there are a lot more dentists who feel absolutely betrayed by the ADA's actions here. We need to get this to as many dentists as possible to demonstrate to them how "naked" they are when it comes to liabilities for the use of mercury amalgams and other toxics like fluoride. Also we need to watch for dentists' lliability insurance rates to jump when the insurance agencies catch on to the fact that they cannot rely on the ADA to provide help in the event of lawsuit.


"Fluoridation is for the birds: they promote it like parrots and defend it like chickens" Paul Connett


My thanks to The Fluoride Action Network, Paul Connett and Freya Koss.



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Animal Rights....




The Fall of the Cat of God
A real estate boom threatens the rare Florida panther


Dump trucks line the road fronting the offices of the Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge on this sunny spring morning in southwestern Florida. The trucks, sitting at a stoplight on Highway 951 in Naples, are carrying limestone, trees and shrubs out of the forests, prairies and swamps surrounding the 26,400-acre refuge. The contents are headed for the dump-- the final resting place of much of Florida's natural habitats these days. The scene here symbolizes what's happening around the state: unbridled development and a related loss of land available for wildlife. Fewer than 100,000 people lived in Florida when it became a state in 1845. Now there are more than 17,000,000, with as many as 1,000 new residents arriving daily. By 2030, the state's population could top 30,000,000. This is bad news for wildlife like the refuge's rare namesake, according to Larry Richardson, a refuge biologist.

There's a direct correlation between Florida's uncontrolled development and having the third largest number of endangered species in the nation," says Richardson. "What's tragic is we risk losing the sentinel of our environmental health when we turn habitat into houses."

That sentinel-- the Florida panther-- once numbered in the thousands and ranged throughout the Southeast, from Louisiana to Tennessee and east to the Atlantic coast. Native Americans shared their backyards with the cats and drummed up various names for them. For Florida's Seminoles and Miccosukees, it was a version of the term 'tiger.' The Cherokee called the cat klandagi, or "lord of the forest," and the Chickasaw called it ko-icto, or "cat of god."


Read the entire story here... 

Submitted by Sheri Burnett, Awi Anida Waya

An Indigenous Perspective


What do you listen for?


A Native American and his friend were in downtown New York City, walking near Times Square in Manhattan. It was during the noon lunch hour and the streets were filled with people. Cars were honking their horns, taxicabs were squealing around corners, sirens were wailing, and the sounds of the city were almost deafening.


Suddenly, the Native American said, "I hear a cricket."

His friend said, "What? You must be crazy. You couldn't possibly hear a cricket in all of this noise!"

"No, I'm sure of it," the Native American said, "I heard a cricket."

"That's crazy," said the friend. The Native American listened carefully for a moment, and then walked across the street to a big cement planter where some shrubs were growing. He looked into the bushes, beneath the branches, and sure enough, he located a small cricket.


His friend was utterly amazed.  "That's incredible," said his friend. "You must have superhuman ears!"

"No," said the Native American. "My ears are no different from yours. It all depends on what you're listening for."

"But that can't be!" said the friend. "I could never hear a cricket in this noise."

"Yes, it's true," came the reply. "It depends on what is really important to you. Here, let me show you."


He reached into his pocket, pulled out a few coins, and discreetly dropped them on the sidewalk.

And then, even with the noise of the crowded street still blaring in their ears, they noticed every head within twenty feet turn and look to see if the money that tinkled on the pavement was theirs.


"See what I mean?" asked the Native American. "It all depends on what's important to you."


What's important to you? What do you listen for?
If you are in tune with the Great Spirit, you will be able to hear when It speaks.


Author Unknown

Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett






By Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham


Life is about Change
  Change is growth
 Change is newness
Change can leave us behind.

If we don't
pay attention to our
surroundings, Whoosh
there is a difference
leaving you wondering,
Wondering What happened ????
Where did my Life go ?
What did I do with all my day's ?

Live the best you can with the
abilities and the knowledge
you gained

That is what Creator wants
   "Change" is part of the plan.
  Live each day to the fullest
 for Change is Coming ...



Too much Injuns on T.V.
by Klak Guguilje

When I was small boy, I've used to watch these old Western TV shows and movies with grandpa
You know what I'm speaking about... "Gunsmoke", "Rifleman", "Lone Ranger", "Wagon Train", John Wayne movies!!!
You know...

Watching it on grandpa ten dollar used and abused, black and white television with foil on top
Every moment you see "Redskin", "Indian", "Savage", "Warrior", or "Chief" on the static screen
You'd think of "Cowboys & Indians", but along comes those old says and clichés of "Hau", "Wumpum", "Great
White Father", "Forked Tongue", and many others that I can say that can hit your funny bones and confused

But you'll caught where the wind is blowing, where I stand at
Well, I'd like to say this for these I've hit their curiosity...
"Hau!" of how I could stand those
stereotypes and others like me, with same skin and all,

inside and out, that don't want to be proud and know about the color that's on their skin and soul
My... no, our blood line has wide stories of survival on these... our once beautiful land

Tonto fist fights were true and I would know, who is telling the truth
You want "Wumpum"? Well, I always knew I was worth something in "The Land of Enslave,

Home of Few Braves"
I mean, Jackson, "One-Eyed Jackson" always wanted to play games to get his own paid,

but I never picture it like this Skinny babies, children, women, elders for a few bucks
I, maybe a Plain Indian, Southern Indian, Northern Indian, Alaska Indian, Mexican Indian,

Guatalmala Indian, Eastern Indian, but I won't tell

"Your "Forked Tongue" tells blind stories of us
Broken promises that come from the "Great White Father"
If he cared for his "Indians", he wouldn't blind us"
But since our friends been free, even 'til those days, things still the same
Just today I've heard the "Redskin" played against the
After the "Buffalo" [and "Chiefs"] fallen, isn't Dallas on their side? Anyways!
I've got word that the "Fighting Whiteys" won yesterday
It's funny to me, when Jim and Billy show the best in the old days

But I guess it comes to the case of who's the best of all time
When I was a boy, I would watch those old Western TV shows like "Gunsmoke",

"Rifleman", "Lone Ranger", "Wagon Train", and others including John Wayne movies
Then color came and the movies would came and spark
something in my head, heart, and soul from "The Great Sioux Massacre",

"Geromino", "Indian Rebellion", "Sitting Bull", Long Trail of Tears",

"Custer Last Stand", "Little Big Man", " Soldier Blue", and so many others

Then the channel went to the Mexican shows out of nowhere,

like a smoke sign through static and bad feedback
"Zapata" and a few others were on for a short moment,

like a sign from the Creator

Then went back to "Drum Along The Mohawk"
Watching them with grandpa and his ten dollar used and abused,

black and white television with foil on top
Every moment you'd see a "Redskin", "Indian", "Savage", "Warrior",

or "Chief" through the static screen
That which is now our reality in someway now
You won't just see another "Red Man" on "America" ground
That was build by playing "Cowboys & Indians” and "Freeze Tag"
You'll be seeing America itself in me

So "Howdy", my "Blue-eyed" friend... good-bye


~Submitted by Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt






By Susan Bates



Tribal peoples observe ceremony for many different reasons. There are the Sacred Ceremonies
which Creator gave the People to Honor Him, maintain balance in the world, and insure an abundance of crops and game.

Some Ceremonies mark important occasions in a person's life. These include those done to welcome young women into adulthood after they've observed their first moon. Similar ceremony's are done for young men to mark their entrance into manhood.

There are vision quests which guide us through life, as well as weddings, baby blessings, and funeral ceremonies. Protection ceremonies are done to prevent an enemy from harming an individual or village.

Each ceremony marks the center point of life, honoring the exact place each of us needs to be at that time.

One of the most important types of ceremony is the Healing Ceremony. They are done for individuals who are suffering physical or emotional illnesses and often involve healing the whole family or tribe as well, since all things are connected. They may involve herbs, fasting, ritual
acts and prayers which have been handed down faithfully from generation to generation.

In the old days, when our young men (or women) came back from war, it was understood that these warriors needed cleansing from the trauma and "bad spirits" that they had encountered doing what had to be done. Some tribes kept the warriors isolated from the village for several days until the ceremony was performed and they were healed, thus insuring the whole village wasn't infected.

Today we have so many warriors who suffer from post traumatic stress disorders. Unable to find peace in their spirits, they suffer in agony along with their families and communities. I heard
on the news the other night that they wanted to get these men mental help quicker than before to deal with many of the problems a soldier has to face when returning home from war. Wouldn't it be better if they could prevent the problem in the first place?

There is a Healing
Ceremony among many tribes which takes care of this. Some tribes call it the Ghost Sickness Ceremony. The Ceremony itself varies according to the tribe, but usually after fasting and other preparation, the "Medicine Man" and others enter the sweat lodge with the warrior and healing songs and prayers are offered. Once cleansed of the "ghost sickness" the warrior takes up life as he once knew it.

We are in a time of rebalancing this World.

The Ceremonies given us by Creator are a major part of this balancing. Each of us has to decide who we are and what path we're on. We can no longer walk with one foot on two trails..... This is why the Earth is sick. This is why we are sick. Decide who you are. Time is short.


Quote of the Month:

"It is possible that the failure of mythology and ritual to function effectively in our civilization may
account for the high incidence among us of the malaise that has led to the characterization of our time as "The Age Of Anxiety."   ~Joseph Campbell





The "Stillaguamish"

In Washington State, a little north of Seattle, is a river called the Stillaguamish, but it wasn't always called that.   It was originally named "Aguamish" after a local Indian tribe. 

When Lewis & Clark finally made their way to the west coast they came to the Aguamish tribe and met the chief who told them what the name of the river was and gave them a tour of  the area. 

Years later Merriweather Lewis returned and met the Aguamish chief again and the subject finally came around to the river: 

"Chief, I've been told that, because of so many white men have arrived in the area, many of the rivers are being renamed because they couldn't pronounce the names. Tell me, what is the name of your river now, please," Lewis pleaded. 

"Oh," replied the chief. "It's Stillaguamish." 

Loney Burton, Arlington, WA

Submitted by Sheri Burnett




Do you know how many parts of a spare tire are edible? 


As a naturalist once stated, "...many things are edible that you would never consider eating you just have to know where to look for these things..."  Euell Gibbons could find food anywhere! 


But very few of us today have this gift.  I am a firm believer in growing my own food.  When I was a young man, I remember helping my parents plow, cultivate and plant a garden.  The end of the winter months are upon us and soon it will be planting time.  Many people enjoy the fruits of their labor and plant a small garden each year.  We use to grow every kind of vegetable known at the time.  When harvest time came, Mother and the girls would cook and can everything grown in the garden.  My father traded fresh vegetables with an old man who lived several miles from us.  Father traded for items we were not able to grow such as, Milk, Butter and Flower.  Sometimes we were able to trade for a Hog.  We always seemed to have an abundance of food and we not once went hungry although we were very poor. 


My brothers and I would sang some of the old songs of our people while working the ground and this seemed to make the time pass faster.


There was no electricity, running water or inside plumbing.  I wonder, how many of today's people still use an 'outhouse?  Boy was it cold out there in winter time!  I am crippled up with arthritis today but still manage to put in a few vegetables in the spring.  If you do not know how to put in a garden, I will be happy to teach you.  After all, soon will come a time when the grocery stores will be a thing of the past or the food will cost so much that very few will be able to afford to shop. Gardening is not only good exercise but sometimes fun for the entire family.  If anyone wishes to learn how prepare a garden and wants my help you can contact Manataka and they will tell you how to get in touch with me.

~Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman

MAIC Correspondent





My Big Fat NDN Wedding

Nobody has invitations...only maps.

Family orders the invitations 3 months in advance & mails them out a day before...

An average of 12 people attend per invitation. - Indians never RSVP.

No one goes to church for the wedding, but everyone goes to the reception.

The first dance as man and wife is usually a Cumbia!

Wedding guests are dressed in their best t-shirts that they got free from the latest tribal event.

Most of the wedding gifts are wrapped in blue Wal-Mart bags.

All the centerpieces are gone...and the reception has just started.

Everyone's kids are running around like crazy & all you want to do is throw a bottle at them -- and they're usually the bride and groom's kids!

Meal includes kool-aid, beans and fry bread...

People are taking food plates home... "for those backward Indians that didn't come."

Half of the people at the reception have to leave together because they all rode in the back of one big pick-up.

People are carting out huge pieces of cake home...

One of the relatives is drunk and trying to start a fight with the new in-laws...

There are STILL people partying at the Reception the next morning, even though the Band has left.

There is always a strange person passed out in the yard the next morning that neither the bride and groom know or even invited to the wedding.

There's usually the one guy that stays in the car and drinks 'til he has the courage to join the party -- by then he is blitzed and obnoxious!

The keg always runs dry within the first hour of the reception.

Not sure what to get the Bride and Groom; they've been shacked up for a while and already have everything!

The cops have to be called because the Bride and groom get drunk and start fighting each other.

Send this to all of those who have a sense of humor and are proud to be Indian!

~Submitted by Jennifer Whitefeather Attaway





Elder's Meditation

"Let the person I serve express his thanks according to his own bringing up and his sense of humor."

-Charles A. Eastman (Ohiyesa), Santee Sioux


"It is better to give than receive." But it doesn't really matter if we are giving or receiving.  There is an identical feeling associated with both. We get this feeling every time we receive, and we get this feeling every time we give. We can't control when we receive gifts but we can control when we give gifts. Therefore, the more we give, the better we feel.

When we are given gifts, or someone does something for us, it is the Indian way to honor this person.


Great Spirit, let me honor and be respectful to those who are good to me today.



By Don Coyhis



Warrior Society


A Warrior's Last Journey


A wake for an Indian warrior

A horse drawn wagon carries the casket of Cpl. Brett Lundstrom on the road leading to Kyle, SD. As a Lakota, the Marine was honored during a three day wake service at the Little Wound School in Kyle, SD. Lundstrom was killed in Fallujah on January 7, 2006, and will be buried at Fort Logan National Cemetery. 


Our thanks to the Rocky Mountain News.  ©







By Susan Bates, Hill & Holler Column


Hope is the thing with feathers
that perches in the soul
and sings the tune
without the words
and never stops at all.
~ Emily Dickinson

Once again March is upon us and thoughts of Spring lift our spirits. All over the world people are preparing for the rebirth of Hope which accompanies the longer days. The Cherokee People are no exception.

Most Cherokee ceremonies are conducted by men, but there is one very important ceremony which is only done by women. In the early Spring, prior to the emergence of new shoots of grass, women wearing traditional beaded flowered clothing, gather at
the south side of the fire to sing and dance.

Because women are the fertile life givers, we do this ceremony to give hope to Mother Earth so she will have the strength and will to begin again a new cycle of life. This Spirit ceremony also helps soothes the souls of the restless dead who sometimes have trouble letting go of this life and moving on.

We understand that just as the coming of Spring with her new blooms and warmer temperatures justify the death of the plants in Autumn, so, too, does the fertility of our People justify the past lives of our Ancestors. Thus we assure our loved ones who have
passed into Spirit that just as the seasons continue one after the other, so too does life continue. By dancing and chanting we satisfy those Spirits who have known their own Winter and help them to move on.

In the "Shining Times" before the white man came, it was understood that Cherokee women had great power. We owned all the property as well as the children. Women were the Clan Mothers who kept the society running smoothly, sat on councils, helped
choose the chiefs and were highly respected by the men.  But all that changed when the white invaders forced their male dominated belief system on our people.  After centuries of repression, women tried to break free through what we know as "Women's Lib." But trying to be "just like a man" is not even near to what we're supposed to be doing.

Women have strong medicine and powers of their own and this is what we need to reclaim. For when strong women add their powers to those of strong men, then we will once again be in balance.



By Helen Red Wing Vinson


In a round table discussion about whether reincarnation was really possible, a financially struggling single woman said, "I want to come back as a rich white woman's poodle that's pampered and rides around all day in her luxury car."

A tired waitress said, " I want to come back rich and make a lot of money and be a mega super recording star."

The frustrated computer tech said, "If I can come back, I want to be the President, so I can change a lot of things about this world near and far."


I sat and thought about it. I said, "I don't know if it's possible, but if I can....... Lord, please let me come back an Indian Woman."

"I want to come back with a mind fierce and sharp, with a spiritual faith that never waivers or doubts, a smile that is warm, with a body divine, with golden brown, tan or dark skin draped in red and gold and whether young or old and have enough money to get by.  So, the words "broke", "commodities", "cut-off", "past-due", or "general assistance" aren't in my vocabulary.  I want to be a sister to my sister. A woman wise when choosing my mate or a date. I want to be able to cook fry bread, meat pies, corn soup with skillet bread and rice and raisins all at the same time.

I want to come back an Indian Woman self-esteem worthy of being treated like a princess of my tribe. An Indian Woman with patience, love, and wisdom for children. An Indian Woman to teach our children traditional ways to keep our culture alive. An Indian Woman with subscriptions to the Oklahoma Indian Times, Indian Country Today, Native People, the Cheyenne-Arapaho Bulletin, the Wall Street Journal and a membership to the Oklahoma Federation of Indian Women.

I want to come back an Indian Woman with at least one beautiful piece of turquoise and silver from the Motherland on my finger. I want to come back with the strength and courage of Lisa Tiger, the voice of Karen and Kathy Antone, the political knowledge of Wilma Mankiller and Ada Deere, the determination of LaDonna Harris, the spiritual poise of Melinda Miles, the business savvy of Iola Hadden, the eloquence of Sheila Tousey, the talent of Irene Bedard and the artistic eye of Dana Tiger.

I want to come back as an Indian Woman can stay focused on the Lord regardless of the circumstances.  I want to be saved from the penalty of sin. I want to never let what a person say or do change my demeanor; to be humble; love and be loved unconditionally. I want skin that is flawless and soft, eyes of discernment, lips which speak ONLY the truth, hands of gentleness, and feet of prosperity. I want to be a lawyer to enforce the laws which man has broken.

If reincarnation is real, please let me come back as an Indian Woman!

I wanted to send this to all my sisters who sometimes forget how GREAT we really are. Please pass this on to our Native Sisters.




Women' Council Calendar

Tiger Lily—“Spring is opening. I can smell the different perfumes of the white weeds used in the dance.”— Pawnee song, translated.  Frances Densmore
Date / Time  Event Program Place
1 April   11:30 a.m. Women’s Council Meeting  Jody French  The Praying Flute” 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
1 April Day Light Savings Time
7 April Judy Filmore Birthday Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
12 April Passover Jewish Holiday
13 April Full Moon Nature reaches a crescendo of activity so it is a time of fulfillment. Period of greatest light. A time for completing things and for bringing things into perfection.
14 April Good Friday Christian Holiday
16 April Easter Sunday Christian Holiday
22 April Earth Day Celebrating the role of Mother Earth in the walk around the Wheel of Life.
23 April Elder Council & Membership Meeting Annual Joint Meeting TBA
27 April  New Moon Good time to start a new project or to launch a new idea and to push forward with it as the tide of energies continues to build up. New Moon = a power day. 
28 - 30 April Spring Encampment Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
“My soul finds rest in God alone; my salvation comes from Him.”Psalm 62:1
Green Voices —“To the house of old age, Up there I return. To the house of happiness, Up there I return. Beauty behind me, With it I return. Beauty before me, With it I return.”—Navajo song of Dawn Boy, translated by Frances Densmore
Date / Time  Event Program Place
6 May 11:30 a.m. Women’s Council Meeting  Becky Moore “The Medicine Wheel of Life” 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
13 May Full Moon - Scorpio  Nature reaches a crescendo of activity so it is a time of fulfillment. Period of greatest light. A time for completing things and for bringing things into perfection.
14 May Mother's Day National Holiday
19-20-21 May Healing Retreat Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
21 May Elder Council Meeting
21 May Membership Potluck Picnic Bring Snacks, Drinks, Hot Dogs—to Share Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
27 May New Moon - Gemini Good time to start a new project or to launch a new idea and to push forward with it as the tide of energies continues to build up. The New Moon of each month is a power day.
29 May Memorial Day Federal Holiday
Kitsune —“Listen, I’m a shaman. Spirits rise for me, draw near me now, animal spirits, rise up now—help me.”—Yukaghir shaman’s incantation to exorcise a demon, David Cloutier version.
Date / Time  Event Program Place
03 June Women's Council Meeting Planning Eureka Springs/Turpentine Creek Powwow Trip 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
11 June Full Moon

Sagittarius -  Nature reaches a crescendo of activity so it is a time of fulfillment. Period of greatest light. A time for completing things and for bringing things into perfection.

13 June Silver Celebration 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
16-17 June Women's Council Trip Turpentine Creek, Eureka Springs
18 June Father' Day
18 June 9 a.m. Elder Council Meeting
18 June 1 p.m. Membership Potluck Picnic Hosted by Jim Ewing: Bring Snacks, Drinks, Hot Dogs—to Share Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
21 June 4:30 p.m. First Day of Summer Summer Solstice - Drumming & Ceremony Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
23 - 25 June Summer Gathering TBA
25 June New Moon - Cancer Good time to start a new project or to launch a new idea and to push forward with it as the tide of energies continues to build up. The New Moon of each month is a power day.





My Beautiful Sisters all over the world,


Bring your own presence into yourself, through that presence you connect with the heart that knows the all, the ones that is able to love in the non attachment way, it is the unconditional love that flows in the natural way. It is unatural to "love" in another way, love is always unconditional.


The true human being loves in this way, even to him-herself, she directs the love and recall the true human being in everything she sees.


The bonding is there of male-female and we recall it by our presence. The connection with the father-mother, and we welcome they in our hearts, through our presence.


In this time space,  specially,  is so beautiful to find that connection, and hold it. control yourself, and fill the empty spaces with your own light in connection with the great spirit.


The true men has being born, the is the one that understand the sacredness of all life, and be able to love in unconditional way, and to accept the spirit of light with no judgment, only with the surrender that the spirit brings into his heart. He is indeed the true husband, the true father, and the true brother, the son of the great spirit. And the Great Spirit resides in him, this is our true nature.

He is in charge of the manifestation. the Great Spirit will and his will are one.


The Sacred woman embrace light and life all the way, she is in charge of the love, she embrace the love in all forms, and call for the force of life, with your own presence, you find her inside of you, the one that it is all bonding with everything that exist. She is indeed the true woman, the one that sees herself in everything and can embrace the whole. She is the daughter of the Great Spirit, the Mother of all the living things. The Great Mother's heart and her heart are one.


Through that bonding within the self, we hold on into our presence of the heart and mind together, the essence and the structure, the cause and effect, into the perfect dance of the universe. We are giving birth to the new world, the woman are giving light and the men are there being sure that it is the perfect manifestation of the spirit.


I am you


Magdala, Maya Priestess








Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.


Memorial Gift... 

In memory of Lance Selvidge - I love you Lance and miss you very much.  You've filled my heart with warm memories.  Wish you were here!  

~Little River Rock 03-07-06


MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.


Crossing Over...


Luis Many Bears Bonet crossed over on March 7, into the spirit world from a heart attack. His family and friends were by his side continuously thorughout the four day vigil at the hospital.  His family will be announcing their plans for his funeral and ceremony soon, and I will follow their instructions with regard to contacting people. ~Corina Roberts 03-08-06 


Grandfather Tony White Wolf - Lakota Elder living in Australia.  A true man of peace who whispered from his heart. ~Lynn Smith 02-15-06


Victor Kishigo, leaves a legacy for tribal community. A strong business man, an advocate for his language and culture and a leader and mentor, Victor Simon Kishigo has left behind a legacy for his Northern Michigan community and fellow members of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians.  Full Story: ~Andre Cramblit 02-13-06


Chief Harold Lee Hicks, 59, of Bolivar, Missouri passed suddenly on Thursday, January 27, 2006 at Saint John's Hospital in Springfield. Chief Hicks was instrumental in the formation of the Water Hollow Band of Chickamauga Cherokees and was our first chief. He said many times that he hoped to live long enough to get the band on a solid foundation. He was successful in his efforts.  Harold was a big man in many ways. A loving husband, doting father and adoring grandfather, Harold's family was his life.  He always had a funny story to tell, and no one could remain depressed very long in his presence. His booming laughter will echo inside my head as long as I live.  He had a deep connection with his People, past and present. His fame as an arrowhead finder was legendary. While walking through the woods or an open field with friends, he would often shush the conversation claiming he'd "heard" an arrowhead. Unfailingly he would then walk a few feet, dig in the dirt and find one.  The last words he said to me were "I'll see you down the road, Old Girl." I can hardly wait.  His ashes will be scattered on Sacred land at a later date. ~Susan Bates, 02-01-06

Sickness and Injuries...

Jo Somerset - elderly lady in England, suffering from cardiac problems and recently diagnosed with severe hypothyroidism. ~Juli 3-31-06

Bobby Joe Runninbear - Tennessee. Suffered a heart attack and is in the VA.  Was having irregular heart beats and they shocked his heart back to normal sinus rhythm......We can thank Creator for that and the prayers will do most.  I think his spirit is too strong to let his heart fail him and I'm grateful for that too.  Sandra BabblingBrook 03-27-06

Florence Thuot, 78,  in Deland, Florida -- Florence owns and operates Journey's End Animal Sanctuary (, the no-kill, no-cage refuge for special needs animals.  She has been blind in one eye for many years and was just told today that her remaining good eye not only has a cataract, but also advanced stage glaucoma.  Aggressive treatment has been started; the doctor said if she had waited another six months, she would definitely have lost her eyesight.  That is still a possibility, though we are optimistic.  Please pray that the treatment will be successful and her eyesight will be saved.  She has worked tirelessly for the animals (currently 200 of them) for over 30 years.  She is so deserving of only good things.  Many blessings and thanks... ~Juli Maltagliati 3-27-06

Mike Chumley of Russellville, AR - 2 toes amputated due to diabetes is back at work. Thanks for your prayers!  Cher Wilkinson 3/21/06

Henrietta Eagle Star DevereauxDiagnosed legally blind is getting much better. Sun Dancer Woman 3-20-06 

Henry Sidney Zack - Health is declining and admitted to home hospice.  Seeking a transition of peace, love, and grace. Liora Leah Zack 3/19/06

Lee Standing Bear Moore - Recovering well after hospitalized with congestive heart failure.  3/19/06

Robin Johnson - Portland, WA.  Age 15.  Hospitalized with serious infections.  Please pray for her.  Greta Holifield  03-15-06

Alan Fisher - Alan was released [from the hospital] last night - extremely high blood pressure.  Your energy, prayers, and good wishes came across loud and clear. ~Stella Fisher 03-03-06

Fernando Espinoza  - Taken ill in California, wife is Imogene.  Need of prayer.  They have children and they need our love, comfort and support through trying times.  Walked the path with us to fight the injustice of disenrollment that has divided our people.  Carla Foreman-Maslin 2-28-06

Amber - Her Mom died.  She is having a rough time with anger and grief.  Ruth King In the beautiful West Virginia Mountains 2-27-06

Linda & John James - Prayers are needed in abundance to acquire healing center near Manataka.  ~Linda James, 2-18-06 

Sharon Barnett - Has returned home after three days of testing for brain damage.  She sends thanks to all for their prayers. Love and prayers ~Ruth Mountain Wind Song 2-15-06

Hawk Hoffman - Suffering from debilitating arthritis pain. Please send him lots of prayers. ~2-14-06

Larry Irons - Still battling cancer.  Came back in his spine and right leg.  Very sick and on morphine in 4th stage of the disease. Walks only about 20 feet. ~Charles Irons 2-16-06

Helen B. Green Robinson - Head mother of the Indian Creek Band of the Chickamaug Creek and Cherokee Roundhouse.  Cancer of the Kidney. ~Chief James Billy Little Red Wolf Chance, 2-11-06

Roland Forest Walker King - I am a child of the Rainbow Family who has just given birth to a son, Roland Forest Walker King. We need healing and light for our family. We ask for your prayers and we send you our love. ~Shanon Heart, 2-10-06
Willow - 8 month-old baby. Muscles are not developing as they should. Need prayers ~ RedWing 2/01/06.


Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update.  We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 



March Elder Council Meeting...


The March meeting was held on 19th and all elders were present. Guests included Annette Ewing and Bo Glasschild. 


The consent agenda with the minutes / treasurer report were approved  unanimously.  A partial first quarter financial report was passed out.



The Spring Encampment will feature an Earth Day theme according to Elder R. Porea.  Plans are underway.

(The date of the upcoming Spring Encampment was changed to April 28-30 subsequent to the meeting in an informal email vote)

Asset Acquistion project - Manataka American Indian Village - information is needed from elders; business plan is being developed. 

Proposal to acquire specific lots of land for the purpose of developing an interpretive outdoor exhibit, indoor museum all contained within a

self-sustainable forest environment. 

MASELA (Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America) Project.

American Indian Spirituality Booklet - ready to be printed.  Plans for mass distribution will be discussed at the next meeting.

Open seats on the Elder Council


Approved Motions: 



Rejected Motions:

Authorization Letter for the Village Project tabled.





Approved Committee Reports:

Women’s Council

NAGPRA Committee

Public Relations

Website / Newsletter


Presentations for the religious convention in Atlanta, GA

The new Owl Medicine Society will hold its first meeting during the Summer Gathering






NOTICE 1:     ELDER COUNCIL POSITION FILLED.  Gayle "Texas Wind" Sexauer of Fayetteville, AR was recently appointed Public Relations Elder.  "Based on her excellent background, experience, wonderful disposition, strong ideals, and love of Manataka, the Elders of Manataka made a wise decision in selecting Gayle for this important position," said MAIC Chair, David Quiet Wind Furr. 


NOTICE 2:    TWO ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS REMAIN OPEN:   The Education Elder position will concentrate on developing public school curriculum based on American Indian philosophy and coordinating presentations to schools, civic organizations and churches. The Treasurer position is now open due to a recent resignation. The position will require experience in bookkeeping and/or accounting.   


If you feel qualified for this position, please submit your information now.


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great.  


NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday of each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant on E. Grand.  


NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month. 


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or... Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!  


1.  Computer needed.  A larger mother board is needed for in-office workDonated.  

2.  Reams of ink jet paper
3.  Postage stamps
4.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

5.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

6.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.




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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas


Susan Bates, Missouri

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Elaine Nowell, Louisana

Corina Roberts, California

Rocky Mountain News, Colorado

Mariah Stevens - RedRoad Drums - Canada

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

Marilyn Vann, Oklahoma

Thomas D. Yarnell, Ph. D.




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