Manataka American Indian Council                                                                                             Volume X  Issue 5  MAY 2006


Manataka - Preserving the past today for tomorrow 


 printed pages in this issue 



Animal Rights and Wrongs:

A Lion and Her Calf

Bennie LeBeau Uto Aztecan Crescent Moon Ceremony


Organic Mother's Day Flowers

Elder Council Meeting: Not much here...

Elder's Meditation:

The Right Road Mary Lightenings Eastman

Feature Story: 

The Eagle, Condor and Thunderbird

Funny Bones 1: Three Indian Commandos
Federal Bureaucrat Watch: Shoshone oppose 700-ton A-bomb detonation
Funny Bones 2: Cross a Chickasaw, Potawatomi and Paiute
Funny Bones 3: Knock knock"  "Who's there?" 

Hawk Speaks:

True Friendship... A Beautiful Person

Healing Prayer Basket:

Memorial Gifts...Crossing Over....Illness

Health Watch:

We Have The Power to Prevent Diabetes!

Fluoridation linked to bone cancer

Hill & Holler:

U.S. Found in Violation of Anti-Racism Treaty
History: The Caniba as "Canibal"

Legends of Old:

Cuts-Wood -- A Blackfoot Legend

Letters to the Editor:

Warning To Federal Government

Rock Boy Rez


Protect the Great Plains

MAIC Messages:

Read me
Mother Earth Watch: Stop Global Warming!
Nammy Music Awards: 2006 Nominees

News Alerts:

Red Nation Web Television Channel

Canada tribes fight off eviction

Poetry Circle: When Under Stress...
Opinion Page: Are You Native Indian?
Rumor or Fact? Bird Flu Pandemic is a scare tactic
Sacred Site Watch: Battle Over Sacred Mountain
2006 Indian Business of the Year: Flintco of Tulsa Wins Award
Tribal Politics: Abenaki Recognition Official

Upcoming Events: 

Manataka Encampment

Warrior Society: 

Warming Us Twice   

Did You Know?

Website Updates:  Over 20 new web pages at

Women's Circle:

Grandmother Council

Women's Medicine from Magdala:

Mama says....
Women's Calendar: May Events




ENCAMPMENT CHANGE OF DATE:  The Manataka Spring Encampment has been rescheduled to April 28 -30 at the Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds in Hot Springs.  Moving the date up one week will allow us to gather in peace.


NEW WEBSITE:  "The Reflection Series" is an offering of personal spiritual experiences with God.  Designed a sixteen-year-old, Alicia Sexauer and written by her mother, Gayle Sexauer, an Elder of the Manataka American Indian Council this website is truly inspiring!.  Take a look!.  

GOAL EXCEEDED:  Manataka's goal to supply 444 "honoring gifts" to be gifted through Marcine Quenzer for Spiritual and Tribal leaders across the country was reached within one day of the announcement.  Now, the new goal is 4,444 gifts.  See story below.



Grandfather RedElk speaks about the future.  Etowah Cherokee Nation Chief, Hugh Gibss speaks about Traditional Cherokee beliefs. Will BlueOtter moves to San Luis Valley, Colorado.  Listen now at


Also see Powwow Now! One of the largest powwow calendars on the Internet today!






Manataka Encampment

April 28 - 30, 2006 

Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds, Hot Springs National Park, AR


Camping on first come first serve basis.  $10 per night.  Everyone is invited to come enjoy a weekend of camping, eating, games, drumming, eating, healing, songs, fun and more eating!  Drumming and Flute Sessions * Storytelling * Meditations * Prayer Ceremonies * Hiking * Potlucks * Special Presentations * No reservations * No schedule * No fees (except for camp space) * No Agenda.  Drop-ins welcome.  Come anytime.  Bring a friend.  Bring your drum, flute, rattles. Bring a chair, your camping gear or stay at a local motel. Rick Porea, Events Chair


Nueta Waxikena Spiritual Gathering

June 2 - 4, 2006

Pipestone National Monument, Pipe Stone, Minnesota


Allowing fulfillment of the Vision of Okipa.  All people of all races, men and women, are welcome to be a part of this new Okipa.  Ceremonial fire, "Vision of Okipa:, Talking Circle, Flute Music, Sweatlodge Ceremonies, Pipe Ceremonies, Round Dance, Drumming.  Hosted by Janet and Cedric Red Feather, Mandan Nueta Waxikena.  952-217-4453


International Indigenous Business and Entrepreneurship Conference

June 19-22, 2006, 

Albuquerque, NM USA 

"Fostering Indigenous Entrepreneurship"


Great Inter-Tribal Gathering of the Nations

Intertribal Coalition to Defend Bear Butte

August 2006

Sturgis, South Dakota


Bear Butte is "Nowah'wus" to the Cheyenne Nation. It is "Mato Paha" to the Lakota. Across the Great Plains over thirty indigenous Nations acknowledge the sacredness of this Butte and it's surrounding area. It is a mountain inhabited by spirits and spiritual powers that are well known to our people. For this reason Bear Butte is central to our ceremonial life as native people of the Great Plains and is necessary for the continued health and well being of our people. All life on Bear Butte must be respected and defended. No people have a right to destroy or disrespect our sacred mountain. Rally to bring tribes and individuals together to defend Bear Butte. Contact information: Debra White Plume, Director; 101 Lonesome Valley Rd., Manderson S.D. 57756  605-455-2155 or Vic Camp, P.O. Box 95, Manderson S. D. 57756, 605-455-1122





"You can never rise above the image that you have of yourself in your own mind.


Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett




Ghost Trails to Manataka CD

Stirring music. Intense, emotional and beautiful. Hear the legends of the Place of Peace. A Moving Experience. Only $19.95  Read More

Manataka Flag

Now Available!

Only $85



Federal Bureaucrat Watch:



Western Shoshone oppose planned 700-ton A-bomb detonation
by: Brenda Norrell   Indian Country Today

ELKO, Nev. - Western Shoshone opposed the Pentagon's planned 700-ton detonation on aboriginal Western Shoshone land, as a delegation of Western Shoshone returned from Geneva, Switzerland, with support from the United Nations for protection of their human rights and territory.


James Tegnelia, director of the Pentagon's Defense Threat Reduction Agency, confirmed that the United States plans to detonate 700 tons of explosives at the Nevada Test Site on June 2.

While the Pentagon calls it ''Divine Strake,'' Western Shoshone said there is nothing divine about a massive explosion on their traditional lands.

''I believe when you are working testing weaponry for destruction of life, you should not associate it with 'divine.' We want this insanity to stop - no more bombs and no more testing,'' Western Shoshone grandmother Carrie Dann, executive director of the Western Shoshone Defense Project, said.

As Nevada and Utah congressmen pressed the Pentagon for answers, critics of the Bush administration say the blast is related to an effort to build a nuclear bunker-buster.

''It is abundantly clear, at least to me, that the military has not given up the idea of a nuclear penetrator,'' Christopher Hellman, policy analyst with the Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation in Washington, told the Las Vegas Sun newspaper.

Hellman said that Congress killed funding for the nuclear bunker-busting program last year. However, he said, ''they want it'' and would continue those efforts.

Western Shoshone said the test would be in direct violation of the recent decision of the U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. CERD, in the decision made public March 10, urged the United States to ''freeze,'' ''desist'' and ''stop'' actions and threats against the Western Shoshone.

The committee stressed the ''nature and urgency'' of the situation and informed the United States that it warrants immediate attention under the committee's Early Warning and Urgent Action Procedure.

The CERD decision explicitly cited ongoing weapons testing at the Nevada Test Site as well as efforts to build an unprecedented high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain.

Chief Raymond Yowell, of the Western Shoshone National Council, said Western Shoshone are opposed to any further military testing on Shoshone lands.

''This is a direct violation of the CERD finding and an affront to our religious belief [that] mother earth is sacred and should not be harmed.  All people who are opposed to these actions by the U.S. should step forward and make their opposition known.''

Rep. Jim Matheson, D-Utah, also questioned the detonation in a letter to Tegnelia.

''Although I understand that this test is not a nuclear test, I am greatly concerned that you have not provided the public with adequate assurances that the test is not being conducted in order to further misguided attempts to build new low-yield nuclear devices,'' Matheson wrote.

The Defense Department's Defense Threat Reduction Agency does not deny that the test was described last year as a planning tool for development of a tactical nuclear weapon.

Earlier, Tegnelia told Agence France Presse that the result of the 700-ton detonation would be a ''mushroom cloud.'' However, he later retracted the statement.

''I don't want to sound glib here but it is the first time in Nevada that you'll see a mushroom cloud over Las Vegas since we stopped testing nuclear weapons.'' Tegnelia also said it would be the ''largest single explosive that we could imagine.''

While the military denies that it is a nuclear test, it will still be many times more powerful than the smallest weapon in the U.S. nuclear stockpile.

The Divine Strake blast will be five times larger than the military's largest conventional weapon, the Massive Ordinance Air Blast Bomb, or MOAB, nicknamed the Mother of All Bombs, according to the Salt Lake Tribune.

Pete Litster, executive director of Shundahai Network, said ongoing weapons tests at the Nevada Test Site violate international law.

''They violate the standing treaty between the U.S. government and the Western Shoshone people. They also violate the spirit of non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. The test site is located on Western Shoshone territory, and must not continue to be misused in bold violation of standing agreements between the U.S. government and the Western Shoshone Nation.''

Although approval for the test was sought and obtained from the state of Nevada in January, the test detonation could be cancelled. The Western Shoshone National Council, the Western Shoshone Defense Project and Shundahai Network urged a united effort to halt the detonation.

© Indian Country Today April 17, 2006. All Rights Reserved





Organic Mother's Day Flowers

By Liora Leah, Manataka Correspondent


Honor the Great Mother and buy organic flowers for Mother's Day, and every day, as an action that supports a healthy, pesticide-free environment for all of our loved ones!

Why Buy Organic Flowers?

  • When you buy organic flowers, you will not have to worry about chemicals on your flower bouquets being toxic to your children, other members of your family, or yourself.

    The main goal of organic agriculture is to farm in ways that do not harm the environment.

  • Buying organic flowers helps support local organic farming communities and organizations, which often have charitable, philanthropic motives for selling their flowers.

  • Organic flowers, according to many people, last longer than non-organic ones.

  • On a spiritual, holistic level, organic flowers have been farmed in such ways that they retain the essence of flowers, as Mother Nature intended them to have.

  • Organic flowers are a natural part of a healthy, natural lifestyle.

  • Pesticides and other toxic chemicals used on flowers affect the health of farm workers and florists. The toxic chemicals spread onto the clothes and into the bodies of farm workers and their children.

  • Studies have shown that 50 % of workers in the Costa Rica flower industry have symptoms of pesticide poisoning. Areas surrounding flower farms there have higher miscarriage and birth defect rates than do other areas.

  • The toxic chemicals used on flower farms poison groundwater and the soil. These chemicals also become part of the food chain, as animals such as birds will eat the sprayed plants. In the course of their seasonal migrations, these birds will spread these chemicals globally.

  • Through evaporation, toxic pesticides and fertilizers that are sprayed on flower farms end up in the atmosphere. They then travel to other global areas to fall as rain or snow.

  • Every flower counts: Increasing sales of certified organic flowers gives the market notice that more organic flowers need to be grown, which makes more flower farms convert to using organic agricultural methods.

---from the Organic Consumer's Association 



Organic Bouquet Inc. is an online source offering fresh organic flowers. Order through this link and Organic Bouquet will donate 10 percent of your purchase to the Breast Cancer Fund


Some independent farms and farmers markets offer fresh organic flowers year-round. Local Harvest lists over 1,500 sources of organic flowers in the U.S.,





Liora Leah




Manataka Video Store   New!




The Eagle, Condor and Thunderbird

Part I

By Carol Perez Petersen - Elk Looks Back/Aguila Blanca

March 21, 2006



Brilliant red, scarlet ponchos and Andean wool hats were worn by the Aymara military men.  They were all into their 50’s with rough and deeply line skin unprotected from the sun bearing down through a hole in the ozone layer above us.   Women wore full pleated satin skirts and bowler hats perched slightly to the side. Their faces had broken purple capillaries cheeks from the lack of oxygen at 13,000 feet.   A quarter of a million maybe more people dancing with Coca leaf banners waving up and down to pan pipes filled the air.

Amawta Valentin Mejillones Acarapi my elder brother head of the Council of Mystical Knowledge of Tiwanaku, Bolivia invited me to attend the spiritual ritual ceremony for Aymara President Evo Morales at Tiwanaku.  He said, “I will pass the sacred staff to him.  “Bring your ceremonial dress.” 


This journey did not begin here it began 30 years ago when I began to walk with a sacred pipe. It led me to Patagonia in 2005 where I met with the spiritual leaders of seven nations:  Toba, Guarani, Mapuche, Maya, Wichi, Aymara and Guarpe.  At this meeting they invited me to sit in their circle and I was to introduce myself in the same friendly manner as did they.


I said, “I am Carol Perez Petersen; my mother is born in Mazatepelt, place of the Deer, Nicaragua, Central America.  My father is born in Tyler, Minnesota near a beautiful quarry where they have red stone to make the peace pipe.  He is Danish.”  The Aymara read my coca leaves and said, “The place of the North is where the mouth of Earth Mother is.” The Maya elder said, “Soon you will read from the book of time and you will do something no one else has been able to do.”  I was asked to build a medicine wheel in the Indigenous Park in Buenos Aires and to be their voice, the voice of the South to the North.


When I came home I had several messages letters of my council positions and signatures that took a year to acquire.  I had been asked to join the Consejo de Saber Qullo, Council of Mystical Knowledge and was invited to Tiwanaku, Bolivia for my consecration.  “Bring your elders,” they said.  Alas what elders do I have here in the north I wondered?


When I returned I heard a call to attend Treaty 1-11 at Enoch Reserve near Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.   I met the sacred bundle carrier and visited Onion Lake with special elders whom I could pray with. We placed the cloth in the fire and all had a turn in singing.  It was the day of the first snows.  They cared for a little girl whose parents are burdened with alcohol addiction.  Her name is White Buffalo Calf Woman.  When they opened their front door for me she screamed with delight.  She is my elder. 


While at the Treaty 1-11 when the leaves fall I received a message from a spirit lieutenant who follows Lead Thunderbird of Soto and Anishinabe Nations of Turtle Island


Kitchi O-Stew Ka-Nee-Ka-Na-Go-Shick Okimow-Wacon Ka-Nee-Ka-Neet.  I believe the pipe leads the way.  I was given Clan Mother Title and protection with Peace and Friendship Treaty papers to bring to the Amawta elders and native government officials of Bolivia.


I entered the ceremonial pyramid grounds a spotted eagle feather was given to me.  I tied it to my hair.  This feather had strength and endurance it parted through crushing throngs of people. It rained hard, then cleared and the sun was like a hot mirror of white light.


Evo came down the hill walking beside Amawta Valentin. The press were everywhere with camera’s poised and clicking.  The people were barricaded off in a distant.  President Evo Morales spoke for a time then only a few representatives from other indigenous nations gave him gifts.  The feather in my hair was wafting in the wind.  The voices of my ancestors were speaking.  “You must go and present me to Evo,” I heard. I had to act fast. Within seconds I had an interpreter.  She was from Peru and could speak perfect English.  “We must go now, she said.”  The organizers were working fast they rushed me forward down a gauntlet of Andean dog soldiers in heavy woolen ponchos.


I insisted I was from Turtle Island but they said the USA. The crowd booed.  It was a humbling experience to walk through.  I wasn’t prepared for the cry of oppression. I recognized the pain but you cannot boo it away.  It must be transformed.


Three years prior I couldn’t walk a step without excruciating pain.  The tendons in my ankles had torn and I was homeless.  I wandered to a valley, where my car was the 4th in a collision.  Totaled unable to be repaired I wondered was I to stay put or find a way to buy a better car and hit the road.  It was dad’s car.  He had passed on in his sleep on the day of Earth Mother, Pachamama, Dec 12, 1999. In the spirit world, he was supporting my destiny.


I was sleeping in a borrowed RV eyeballing a house across the way.  Finally I had the nerve to knock on the door.  We saw a pair of eagles flying above us and he offered me his home where I did the impossible I got better.  It was hard and painful.  There were only steep hill for me to practice and regain my strength.  I fought off the demons of depression while voices of peacemaking gently lifted my spirits.  I took small steps with gifts from nature and enormous visions filled my heart.


In the South pain has brought everyone together in a moveable positive way.  In the north pain still keeps the nations apart from each other.   I kept my head held high above the fury of hatred towards the American government. I was beckoned to the pyramidal steps and began to climb up them.


Evo stood like an Andean god dressed in ancient symbols. He is a mighty chief wearing an orange tunic and the hat of the four directions, coca leaf with flower wreaths around his chest, he held a sacred staff in his hands.

I stood face to face with him gazing into his soft warm eyes. Transfixed I held the micro phone and a voice came pure and strong.  I am the voice of the Eagle, the heart of the Bear and the Strength of the Buffalo Nations of Turtle Island.  In the same breath while I continued speaking the crowd in the distant roared with enthusiasm. This was the sound of a great healing, a mending of the sacred hoop, the lands of our common ancestors.


I continue with dignity, “I am the Eyes and Ears of Kitchi O-Stew Ka-Nee-Ka-Na-Go-Shick Okimow-Wacon Ka-Nee-Ka-Neet, the Heart of Indian Title and Sovereign Inheritor of The Great Turtle Island. I am here to share Creator's good message of Unity for the Eagle and the Condor here and now with honor for all people a land without borders.  While emphasizing the courage of the Aymara nation and their perseverance for justice through wisdom, I took the eagle feather out of my hair and passed it to Evo, the Apus Malku, traditional leader of an ancient world, reborn in the heart and placement of precise cosmology with the Galactic center Tiwanaku 


The eagle feather destined by prophesies to mate with the Condor was broadcasted all throughout Latin American on CNN. It was tied to the hair of a woman sovereign in spirit, born of original innocence and freed to fly into a kingdom of heaven.   One who was able to bear the weight of nations, balanced the heart of the meek with the humble on a scale measured against the weigh of the sacred union Eagle with Condor  From that union the Thunderbird people are born.


The Thunderbird Nation and The Milky Way to be continued. Part II 








Manataka received the following email in late April and we felt you might be interested in our response.


----- Original Message -----

From: "Patty _____"

To: <>

Sent: Tuesday, April 18, 2006 8:35 PM


Subject: native indian?


i have to ask why you believe you are all native indian?  have you taken dna tests to prove your ethnic heritage?  i received an email response to a query about where the same material originated that explains these crystal caves.  the man who responded said he saw all of you involved in this venture as "pretenders" and "wannabees".  although some faces are easily identifiable as native indian others in your group with stark white skin and long caucasian faces appear to be whites.  sorry, but that's what it looks like to me.  i suspect those of you who appear to be white have small percentages at most of native indian blood if you have any at all.  it intrigues me to know if your group has been part of any dna study to document those of your "tribe" or association.
thanks, patty



Hello Patty ______,


You ask an interesting question.  Grandpa always said to stuff your mouth with bread whenever asked a question so to have a chance to "chew" on the answer before responding.  However, in this case we feel compelled  to answer immediately from the truth of the heart -- so our answer needs no further contemplation.


Manataka Members

Members and supporters of Manataka live in every state and in many foreign countries.  Many are full-blood American Indians coming from many tribes and nations.  A large number have only a percentage of Indian blood.   Some are white.  Some are black and some are of the yellow race.  This mixture is intentional as it truly represents the Sacred Circle of Life.


It really makes no difference what a persons' ethnic background may be in the circle of life.  It makes no difference where they are from or what they do for a living, or what their religious convictions may be -- they are all welcome in the great circle at Manataka -- as it has been for thousands of years.


Manataka has been visited by the Elders of many nations.  The Creator has manifested many times at this sacred place and we have letters from Spiritual Elders of many nations who claim the sacredness of this holy place.   What more do we need?   


The Four Sacreds and Racism

The Sacred Circle has four colors representing the four sacred directions and the four races of humankind.   In Lakota, the term Mitkayuk Oyasin means All Our Relations.  Almost all the tribes have a similar saying in their own languages to describe the same basic tenant of our beliefs.  Understanding of this simple yet profound saying has been slow to come to people, both red and white, because of the tremendous negative affects of federal government and organized churches genocide during the past 500 years and current racial discrimination among some Indians.


We believe in this wonderful tenant of American Indian beliefs.  We are all One in the eyes of the Creator.  All things are equal.  Man does not have dominion over the Earth Mother and her other occupants.   We believe in it so much that we dedicate our lives to welcoming all who come into the Circle.


There are some who maintain a type of reverse racist discrimination when they point fingers at those who are not full-blood American Indian and say they should not enter our Sacred Circles.  Their feelings are based on fear and ignorance and not on protection of ceremonies -- for we know the ceremonies require no man-made protection as truth has in own protection in the Creator.  No secrets of the ceremonies can truly be revealed in non-spiritual ways and they cannot be understood by those who do not walk in Spirit.


If the same discriminatory thinking were applied to some other religion, say like Christianity, then we might see where Asians would not be allowed to enter their churches.   Sounds crazy doesn't it? 


At Manataka, we draw no lines between races, tribes or individuals because we truly believe in the beautiful philosophy of All Our Relations.


Manataka has no authority to deny anyone the right to enter the Circle.   Neither does any one else.    We shall not walk between the sacred fire and another person.   If people come to Manataka to drink from the spring of Life, can we properly keep them from quenching their thirst because they do not meet with our expectations of race, creed or color?  We think not.   If we, the people of the Manataka, must be classified by those who point fingers, we wish to be known as the people of the Five Fingered Race.


From his statements, we learn a great deal about this man who points his finger in a racist way.  There is much he must learn in order not to appear so ignorant and crass. 


At the center of our culture is a hard-rock philosophical core that has allowed our people to survive against the onslaught early settlers and modern society.  It is a philosophy that has no dogma or doctrine that separates humans into racial, political or social classes - as no person may come between the fire (Creator) and another person.  It is a philosophy that harbors no ill-will towards another human or any other form of creation based on appearance.  


Does the great oak tree belittle the majestic elm tree because it looks differently?  Are they both not rooted into the Earth Mother? Do they both breath the same air and drink the same waters?  Like the wise standing ones, we continually lift our arms in thankful prayer for the many gifts Creator has provided - and we do not question where the air or water comes from -- in the same way we do not question where the waters of ancient wisdom comes from because they are gifts of the Creator and do not belong to any certain race of people.  It makes no difference where the water and air of learning comes from - because it all has but one source. 



When the Creator of All Things made the Earth Mother, everything in the earth was made different from everything else.  No leaf of any tree since the beginning of time is a duplicate of another.  No stone is an exact copy of another stone in Nature.  No drop or molecule of water is the same as its cousins.  Everything on Earth is different.   Human fingerprints are all different.   This extreme diversity is a source of strength and allows things to survive.  It allows all things to mutate and grown in a gazillion ways.   This is the nature of Creation and the Creator.   To the contrary, humans strive to make everything the same.  Their buildings, cars, clothing and millions of material things they surround themselves with are duplicates of each other.   Humans find comfort in surrounding themselves with things that are the same and react in negative ways when they are not.   There is weakness in this way of behavior and it is contrary to the ways of Creation.


Humans also find ways to codify, classify, dogmatize and encase our spiritual beliefs in neat little boxes of doctrine.  They frequently set themselves up to judge the "correctness" of others.  You may have heard; "If you do not believe in our way then you will go to hell"  or, "If you practice our ways and cannot prove your lineage, then you are wrong..."   Both are examples of weakness.


"...i have to ask why you believe you are all native indian?" 

As we stated in the third paragraph above, "...Many {of our members] are full-blood CDIB American Indians coming from many tribes and nations.  A large number have only a percentage of [Indian] blood.   Some are white.  Some are black and some are of the yellow race.  This mixture is intentional as it truly represents the Sacred Circle of Life..."


Therefore, we are not claiming to be 100% American Indians.  We do claim to be Spiritual Humans of the Five Fingered Race who strive maintain the traditions and honor our children's children by the path we walk.  


We have met people who call themselves American Indian, but act like dominant white society.  Are they being asked the same question you have posed to us?   Those who point their fingers like this man you speak about are terribly misguided and do not have the moral foundation to carry the heritage they claim to protect.  By their own words of condemnation and ugly labels they prove their unworthiness.  When will they ever learn?


We prove ourselves purely by our walk and not by labels hung around our necks by these so-called judges.  We live it each and every day.  We rejoice in the simple life that honors the Earth Mother and all manner of Creation where we find peace and love.  We bring together our brothers and sisters of many tribes and nations into a bond of understanding.   



"...have you taken dna tests to prove your ethnic heritage?"


Dear Patty, we do not condemn or endorse people based on scientific tests.   Besides, there is no test that can prove or deny American Indian ancestry with any accuracy.  


Can DNA Prove Indian Ancestry? -

DNA Not a Valid Test of Native Identity -

DNA Genetic Ancestry Tracing -


The idea of a Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood (CDIB) is purely a government inspired and controlled program and a product of dominant white society thinking.  Classifying people in this racist manner smacks of conspiracy to control and dominate a race of people.  Unfortunately, many American Indians have bought into this evil game and use it for greedy, self-centered purposes.   We have witnessed instances when medical services were denied because an individual in need did not have a CDIB card on their person.  We have seen a person with 31% Indian blood being rejected for housing assistance after living on the rez their entire life.  Today, many American Indian tribal bureaucrats are systematically expelling members based on DIB and other family and residency factors.   All this is done out of greed -- hoarding resources for themselves. 


Besides, in a BIA sponsored study conducted in the late 1980's it was determined that the ancestors of nearly 57% of all CDIB card holders were white people who took advantage of residency and marriage laws around the turn of the nineteenth century to be listed on the rolls. 


Do we use the CDIB to prove a person's ethnicity?  Absolutely not.  To do so would be an abomination of right moral conduct and act of futility because we cannot trust the accuracy of the tribal rolls. 


So, who is American Indian?   This guy who points a crooked finger?   We think not.


We are grateful for the opportunity to speak with you and we enjoyed the effort to answer your question. 


~Yonv (Bear)




We received a message containing the following information.  Can anyone verify the veracity of this information:


Bird Flu Pandemic is a scare tactic to make millions of dollars

Please send verified facts to:   Thank you!






Los Angeles - Red Nation Web Television Channel, is slated to make its nationwide debut on May 1, 2006, says Joanelle Romero, founder and creative director of the new web channel.  "Our aim is to make this year, 2006, the year the American Indian emerges on national web television. Our continuing efforts should make the industry and the public aware that it's time to
further broaden knowledge and cultural diversity on TV...time to THINK INDIAN." This is the first American Indian web television channel promoting America Indian films, music videos, documentaries (long and short forms) pilots, drama series, music specials and commercials.


Romero declares. "I simply got tired of being told NO when I proposed this idea to the industry and I, and others, got together
and decided that it was time for us, RED NATION as individuals and as an organization, to do something about it."

Joanelle Romero, humanitarian, actress, producer/director and activist, is spearheading this ground-breaking project. Apache,

Cheyenne and Jewish descent, Romero starred in the first American Indian woman's story ever produced for TV.

Made for CBS in 1977, A GIRL CALLED HATTER FOX brought a lot of attention to contemporary Indian problems. Later in her career, Romero directed the first American Indian Award Winning Holocaust film, AMERICAN HOLOCAUST: WHEN ITS  ALL

The new American Indian Red Nation Web Channel is all about airing quality American Indian entertainment. It will draw from the vast pool of American Indian filmmakers, actors, producers and other entertainment entities to bring best of the work created by these members of the industry to the forefront and to audiences who can appreciate and enjoy their projects.  In building its place in show business, Red Nation Web Television intends to compete with all other networks in creating a bankable market in support of American Indian talents, and instill an image of a heritage that was and is still so important to the development of our country's heritage and growth.

The initial offering on the Red Nation Web Channel will be the first  produced in the U.S. American Indian drama series HOME, HOME ON THE REZ, starring Larry Sellers, Joanelle Romero, Elaine Miles, Elizabeth Sage and Conroy Chino. It  will air on May 1, 2006 on  Produced in association with Spirit World Productions., it will be followed by an ever-growing agenda of top quality entertainment using all native casting and production as did the popular BILL COSBY television series.

The Red Nation Web Television Channel hopes to reach millions of viewers and to develop future productions through the organization's family company the Red Nation Media Entertainment Company. "In this day and age, to have the American
Indian's contemporary image on web/tv is more important than any other time in history, not only for economic status, but to make a giant step forward for our generation and for generations to come. We are aiming for a slow but steady growth in this unique endeavor but we believe in our ventures limitless possibilities," says Romero.

MEDIA ALERT: On MAY 1, 2006, watch for the debut of

Red Nation Web Television Channel!

Submitted by Jennifer WhiteFeather Attaway




Canada tribes fight off eviction

Six Nations protester in Ontario Indigenous Canadians occupying a construction site on land they claim as their own have rebuffed an overnight police attempt to force them out.

Protesters blocked an approach road to a half-finished housing project in Ontario, burning tires as police moved in and made several arrests.

The group has occupied the land for 52 days, insisting it was granted to native Canadians in 1784.   But the government says the site was ceded in 1841 to make way for a road.

Deputy Commissioner Maurice Pilon blamed protesters for agitating against police, saying "officers were required to use some force" in making a reported 16 arrests, Canada's Globe and Mail newspaper said.

Protesters blamed police for disrupting a peaceful occupation.

'Ready for more'

A judge granted an injunction in March to force the protesters, who call themselves the Six Nations, off the land in Caledonia, about 110km (70 miles) from Toronto.

Authorities held talks with occupation leaders but those discussions broke down earlier this week.

A spokesman for the group, Janie Jamieson, said police used pepper sprays and dragged people from the tents where they slept.

"The OPP [police] has made the decision to break the peace, and that's what's happened," she said.

The protesters were ready to continue their occupation and expected another visit from the police, she added.

Mr Pilon insisted the police wanted to resolve the long-running dispute.

"We would ask everyone to work with us in restoring calm," he said.

"Violence is certainly not the answer."

Police said they had no immediate plans to return to the site.


Submitted by Jennifer WhiteFeather Attaway





The Caniba as "Canibal"

by Anthony Castanha, Copyright 2004

Indeed the radical dualism of the European response to the native Caribbean - fierce cannibal and noble savage - has such     obvious continuities with the classical Mediterranean paradigm that it is tempting to see the whole intricate web of colonial      discourse as weaving itself in its own separate space entirely unaffected by any observation of or interchange with native      Caribbean cultures (Hulme 1986).

Abdul JanMohamad notes the continuing legacy of colonialist "moral superiority," where the colonizer rarely question "the validity of either his own or his society's formation and that he will not be inclined to expend any energy in understanding the worthless alterity of the colonized."

This attitude spans a five hundred year gap in Puerto Rico, from Columbus' arrival to the contemporary colonial situation as depicted by the recent mass mobilization of citizens protesting and eventually ending the U.S. Navy bombing, desecration and military presence on the island of Bieke (Vieques). In terms of culture and identity, there is an implicit link between the two time periods. It was in 1492 when the colonial was conceptualized in Boriken. What the people there didn't know at the time was that Columbus' preconceived notion of the Carib of Caniba as "cannibal" had already taken form in the Herodotuian tradition, and they were IT.
Indeed, the western territory of Boriken was called "Caniba," or the "lizard" (Lamourt-Valentin 1998). As we will later see, the name "canibales" (or "cannibal") appears to originally derive from the word Caniba, and only thereafter came to be used as a marker of anthropophagy for the Caribe or Carib people of the region.

The meaning projected in Columbus' journal (Diario de Colon) of his first voyage would assist in dramatically altering the way of life and course of history in the Antilles. While the Indian people were conveniently divided into "good" and "evil" for the sake of the colonizer, the dominant perception of the people depicted back in Europe was that of the "cannibal," e.g., as portrayed by the antagonistic character "Caliban" in Shakespeare's The Tempest. This is what Roberto Fernandez-Retamar means when he says that
Caliban, the anagram for "cannibal," is our symbol (1989). The journal is where the term "canibales" first appears in a European text. Peter Hulme indicates it is here where the term comes to define the "Other" in the European imagination "with the practice of eating human flesh" (1986).

However, since the original journal and only known copy were lost in the mid-16th century, what has survived as the "journal" is a transcription of a handwritten abstract by Bartolome de Las Casas that was probably taken from the copy of the original (Ibid.). This complex history may obviously lend itself to inaccuracies, for instance if seen as a "genuine" account of the first voyage. Yet, when "bracketing particular questions of historical accuracy and reliability in order to see the text whole," the journal may take on more importance if simply seen as a narrative of unfolding events (Ibid.). The journal is significant as a piece of the puzzle needed to help understand the early colonial history of the region.

While on Cuba, Columbus records that his Indian translators told him there were people on the nearby island of Bohio ("Hispaniola") with "one eye in their foreheads," and others they called "canibales" who "eat them" and of whom "they showed great fear" (Las Casas, in Dunn and Kelly, eds., The Diario, 1989). Jose Barreiro alludes to this scenario in The Indian Chronicles when a cacike of Cuba, Bayamo, jokes to Columbus about the "bad men" from the south. The old people had said to him, "Watch out when you see those uglies coming!" (1993). These were "a bunch of jokes" being played on the Spanish in order "to get rid of them," says Oki Lamourt-Valentin (1998). It is important to stress here how two Caribbean Indian scholars draw analogies about "jokes" or games being played on the Spaniards with obvious implications that the notion of "cannibalism" was far-fetched. Lamourt-Valentin has been engaged in studying indigenous Caribbean matters for over twenty years and Barreiro for nearly as long.  Regarding Columbus' understanding of the native language, Hulme provides this explanation for the statement:

     More telling is what might be called the internal opacity of the statement. Columbus's 'record', far from being an observation
     that those people called 'canibales' ate other people, is a report of other people's words; moreover, words spoken in a

    language of which he had no prior knowledge and, at best, six weeks' practice in trying to understand (1986).

Indeed, Columbus himself notes that he communicated by "signs" with the Indian people, "because I do not understand them through speech" (The Diario, 1989).

Former Carib chief Irvince Auguiste of Dominica elaborates on the cannibal myth. He explains how in war a piece of the enemy's flesh might symbolically be eaten but in terms of human meat consumed as a staple food, the charge of cannibalism against his people is "a very wicked lie.... It goes back to the Spaniards, to the English. Columbus came to the new world looking for gold . . . he met the people inhabiting these islands and tried to enslave them. And the Carib people had enjoyed centuries of freedom, making their cassava bread and catching fish. Naturally they would retaliate against anyone trying to enslave them" (Auguiste, in Barreiro
1990). And Fernandez-Retamar's analysis of the making of the "cannibal" corresponds to the right wing of the bourgeoisie of the time, "the typically degraded vision offered by the colonizer of the man he is colonizing" (1989). Though sides of the same political coin, this view contrasted with the left wing bourgeois vision of the "New World" as depicted in Thomas More's Utopia. These competing ideologies informed Columbus' thought. The indigenous peoples were at first no less than angels but soon after became despised. As we see below, the Greek author Herodotus' invention of the "barbarian" during the Greek and Persian wars
helped to create the image of the "cannibal" or "savage" on that first voyage.

It is also important to note how the Carib or Caribe was thought to reside in the "Greater Antilles," where the "peaceful Arawak" were supposed to be. In fact, the Arawak did not penetrate the Antillean region (Lamourt-Valentin 2002; Rouse 1992). The belief in a Carib presence, not ironically, is repeatedly recorded in the latter half of the journal and on Columbus' last stop in "Hispaniola." It was the indigenous peoples of the region who ascribed the names "Carib" and "Caribes" to a people (Las Casas, in Dunn and Kelly, 1989), not Columbus. Eugenio Fernandez-Mendez points out that it is evident to many writers that the Carib were present in the northern
Antilles in ancient times (1972). According to Fernandez-Retamar, "Before the arrival of the Europeans, whom they resisted heroically, the Carib Indians were the most valiant and warlike inhabitants of the very lands that we occupy today" (1989). When Columbus then asks about "gold," he is directed by the indigenous peoples to the next island, "San Juan" (Boriken), in the "classic pattern" he had been directed all along the island chain since his first stop in the Bahamas: "Gold now lies to the east: to the east are the lands of Carib. What more could Columbus want?: to find gold and to confirm the teratology of Herodotus at one and the
same time" (Hulme 1986). But he appears to hesitate, writing that the island is difficult to visit because the Caribe is "said to eat human flesh" (Diario de Colon, in Hulme 1986). He is then blown off course back to Spain, this final and most significant irony that "desire and fear, gold and cannibal, are left in monstrous conjunction on an UNVISITED island" (Hulme 1986).

Dividing the Caribbean
So how does the Caribbean come to be divided-up between the "peaceful Arawak" and "man-eating Carib"? Outside Western interests enforced the internal divide within native societies out of a seemingly "larger threat and order of destruction" of itself (Brotherston 1992). Gordon Brotherston writes that this ploy has "sustained generations of popular accounts and even academic studies of American civilization; written in this sense from the outside and in third party interests, these enforce the divide between
diabolically bad and helplessly good Indians, barbaric Carib, Aztec, and Sioux to one side, helpless Arawak, Maya, and Pawnee to the other, denying strategy and memory to all" (Ibid.). As Brotherston goes on to point out, and we show below in relation to the Antilles, this maneuver actually masks the consistently intense resistance to European colonialism throughout the Americas. The maneuver had to do with attempting to gain and maintain control in the Antillean region and beyond.

Hulme's in-depth examination of Columbus' journal pinpoints two competing outside discourses: the "Oriental" discourse of Marco Polo and the Grand Khan and the "discourse of savagery" in the Herodotian tradition. Both are competing for a "single signifier," the word "canibales" (or "Caniba"), which Columbus originally believes refers to "the people of the Grand Khan" ("la gente del Gran Can") (Hulme 1986). The crucial moment signaling the defeat of the "Oriental" discourse takes place in Cuba. Columbus
thought the island was the province of "Cathay" because it was so extensive. However, his sudden shift from sailing northwest along Cuba's northern coast in order to meet with the Grand Khan, and abortive "embassy" inland only to be met with deference by the Indian people there, were signs that his "Oriental" expectations were "becoming embarrassingly evident" (Ibid.) As the Marco Polo scenario fades away the quest for gold takes on paramount importance:

On the coast of Cuba Columbus immediately, without hesitation and without comment, sailed north-west before, in this flurry of explanations, strange maneuvers and nonsensical assessments of position, changing direction. The basic point, as Sauer recognized, is that when the terrain made a south-westerly course no longer possible and forced a choice between north-west and south-east, Columbus chose south-east because he was more likely to find gold in that direction: not of course the gold of Cathay, but exploitable mines of 'savage gold'. This was not just a difficult decision, it was one that could not be brought to textual consciousness, for to do so would have been to admit that the whole discursive structure of the Columbian enterprise had been in vain (Ibid.).


From this moment forward lands and people southeast take on "savage" proportions. The idea of the "peaceful Arawak" came into being through Columbus' letter written on his return voyage to Spain. The letter, which obviously "puts the best possible gloss" on the events of the first voyage (Hulme and Whitehead 1992), has been seen as a means of securing funds from Spanish sovereigns for future voyages, in part, by giving the impression that the "peaceable" inhabitants encountered were ripe for Christianity. The portrayal of the Carib as anthropophagic is noted towards the end of the letter and de-emphasized. The letter is immediately translated and widely circulated throughout Europe. It is the principal source in which the dichotomy between the "guileless" and "ferocious"
comes to enter the European consciousness (Hulme 1986).

It would be more accurate to suggest here that the pre-European contact indigenous peoples of the Antilles were both fierce and peaceful. They were fierce in the sense that they adamantly defended their lands against hostile outsiders as best as humanly possible, and peaceful in terms of cultivating harmonious relations within tribal groups and with outsiders.  While it could be said that the people of the northern Antilles were "docile" to the point where atrocities carried out by the Spaniards were unfathomable to them, the idea that they simply laid down and "took it" is absurd. Once the Indian people realized that the Spanish were there to
exploit their lands and subjugate them, the resistance began. This very resistance was Columbus' justification to enslave the people as the will of God, to reaffirm "the civilization and nobility of all Christians" (Cummins, in Wilson 1997). Resistance and hostility and, thus, evil then become synonymous with the terms "Carib" and "canibales," while peaceable and docility and, thus, good come to define the "Arawak" or "Taino," or those who do not appear to resist. In sharp contrast to this perception, the evidence of resistance to the initial Spanish encroachment among the indigenous peoples of the northern Antilles was great.

One of the first outbreaks of fighting occurred in "Hispaniola" between Spaniards and Indian people who were trading. Peace was made the next day, but not for the thirty-nine men Columbus left behind at "Navidad" on the  first voyage. When he returned in November 1493, their fortress had been burned down and all his men slain. According to Las Casas, the men began to quarrel and fight among themselves. They "took women from their husbands and daughters from their parents, and they individually bartered for gold among themselves." The cacike of Maguana, Caonab, was joined by others against the Christians who were then "separated in the country where they were killed for their offenses and evil doing" (Las Casas, in Tyler 1988).

Also in Quisqueya, the cacike Guarocuya's (Enriquillo) fourteen year war against the Spanish crown "nearly paralyzed" the island at one time.  Enriquillo and his people won that war, which "resulted in capitulations that constitute the first treaty between a European power and an American indigenous people" (Barreiro 1993), signed in 1533.

In Boriken, the implementation of the encomienda system led directly to the uprising of 1511 and subsequent war of that year. Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo notes the resistance of the uprising and "how they [the Indians] killed half of the Christians that were on the island of San Juan."

Moscoso says that in this battle, "More than 350 Spanish settlers were reported to have been killed in the towns or scattered in the haciendas in the countryside" (Moscoso, in Lopez 1980). And in Xaymaca (Jamaica), Columbus barely escaped death after being hostilely received in 1494.

Given the above depictions and recent ethnological data, the ethnical dichotomy between the two groups begins to fade. Indeed, many scholars have argued that the "Island Caribs" (Caribs from the Antilles rather than South America) are "closely related to the Taino and other Caribbean groups..." (Wilson, in Wilson 1997). The social and cultural characteristics and practices between the two groups are very similar, as they "shared a common material culture" (Barreiro, in Hulme and Whitehead 1992). As referred to above, intermarriage provides the strongest evidence of the bond between indigenous Caribbean peoples. Even the dominant view that
"Arawakan" was the common origin of the language of both groups has been called into question, especially since the Arawak never entered the region. Fernandez-Mendez writes, "the arawak adscription of the Taino language rests on rather flimsy linguistic comparisons. It would not surprise me if a careful checking of linguistic evidence, would reveal as well some Chibchan and Talamacan, that is, Central American affinities" (1972). Lamourt-Valentin points out that the language spoken in the
Antillean region was "in fact a member of the mayance family of languages, . . it is a 'Maya' language" (1979).

The main point to be made here is that regardless of historical origins, the people of the Circum-Caribbean are much more closely related than previously thought. Most interestingly, Louis Allaire indicates that several publications have even suggested, "the Caribs were in reality a group of Tainos living under different socioeconomic conditions," a point he opposes (Allaire, in Wilson 1997). This would imply the two groups were essentially the same people. Allaire notes that before a decade ago no anthropologists supported this theory. However, most if not all anthropologists a decade ago thought the indigenous peoples were "extinct," and some still hold on to the view that the Carib were "cannibals." Allaire himself writes that the Carib traditionally "raided for cannibal victims," but by the 1650s there were obviously "no Tainos to contend with ..." (Ibid.). Given this, it is then not surprising to see how some remain trapped within the "peaceful Arawak"/"man-eating Carib" syndrome obscuring views of other paradigms. Were the Carib and Taino then basically the same people living under different or slightly different socio-economic conditions depending on the island topography? I would affirm this as others have suggested. However, as we see below, it would be more accurate to say that it was actually the "Taino" who were in reality, Carib.

Tony Castanha



Legends of Old:


A Blackfoot Legend

Once there was a very poor boy who was an orphan, and he went down to the side of a stream, where he sat and cried. He was very lonesome, and mourned over his hard lot. As his sister was now married, he had no relations in the world.


Now Morning Star took pity upon him, and, changing himself into a  boy, came down. Morning Star came up, and said, "What are you crying for?" The poor boy said, "I am feeling very badly because I have no relatives. I  am poor and hungry." " Well," said Morning Star, "I will show you a way to get food. Finally you will become the leader of the camp. I will get another boy, then there will be three of us to play together."

Morning Star went away, and soon returned with another poor boy. Then all went into the brush, where they began to play. Morning Star made a little sweat-house of one hundred willows. Then he made a medicine-woman's lodge. 

Then he went to the other side, and made a small sun-lodge. When this was complete, he dug a hole for the fire, and made the booth for the weather-dancers. Then, all being complete, they sang the medicine-lodge
dance-songs. Then they went out to kill some birds. and squirrels, and put them on top of the centre pole as offerings to the sun.


Now the two poor boys did not know that their companion was the Morning Star. After they had played a while, he said, "I will go home and get some food for you." So he went into the brush, and came out with food. After this they played here every day, and the strange boy brought food for them. They did not know who it was. The boys learned the play, and spent most of their time at it.

One day, as the brother-in-law of the orphan was sitting in his lodge, he said to his wife, "I wonder how it is with that little brother of yours. We never see him eat anything, and he is out from the camp the whole day. We must watch him. There is something mysterious here." So the next day the brother-in-law went to the top of a hill overlooking the camp to watch the orphan. He noticed that he had a companion, and that they went into the brush at a certain place.


Then he stole quietly to the place and saw that there were three boys. He heard them singing, and saw the small medicine-lodge. Then he went quietly home and meditated. After a while he invited some of the head men into his lodge, told them what he had seen, and suggested that they all go out at night to look at the place where the boys played. They all saw it, and wondered much. However, they said nothing about it, for it appeared to be medicine.

One day after the orphan-boy had grown up, his sister and his uncle advised him to make up that play; but the young man said, "It is powerful and medicine. I cannot make up a big one." They kept on talking to him, however, until he said, "Well, I will make it up; but my sister must be the woman to take a place in it, and she must make a confession."


Then his sister asked him what kind of a confession she must make. He explained that in the first place she must have led a good life, not guilty of stealing, etc., and that if any man not her husband had accosted her to invite her to commit adultery with him, she must tell all of the details in the presence of the people; but if at any time she had been so accosted, and yielded to the temptation, she could neither make the confession, nor take part in the ceremony. His sister said that she had never made a mistake or done any great wrong in her life, and that she could make the confession. Then the orphan-boy promised
her that she could go ahead and give the medicine- lodge, after which everybody would live long and be happy. Also the sun and moon would heed her prayers.

Now at this time the Indians of the camp had a buffalo-drive, and collected a hundred and fifty tongues. The orphan requested an old woman to get these tongues, and invite all the young married women to come to her lodge, but that only those should accept the invitation who had been true to their marriage-vows. When all these women were assembled, the orphan told them that they must confess, and that if they kept anything back their relations would die off. He told them that they had been invited there to slice all the buffalo-tongues, and that if, in slicing them, any one should cut a hole in a slice, or cut her fingers, it was a sign that she had made a mistake in her life, and had lied in making the confession. Then he painted one tongue black, and gave it to his sister. She sliced it. She did not cut it or her fingers.


Then the other women sliced the remaining tongues and everyone had good luck. After this they put up the centre pole in the sun- lodge and did everything as they do now. After the sun-dance was over, the orphan went on the war-path. Now the next season, another woman in the camp wanted to make the medicine-lodge. So she got the tongues and did everything as before; and after the sun-dance was over, the orphan went on the war-path again. Every time he went on the war-path, he cut a stick and painted it black. He left these with his sister, asking her to watch these counting-sticks. (This is
the way he got the name of Cuts-Wood.)


One time after the sun-dance, while Cuts-Wood was out on the war-path, his sister noticed that one of the sticks was missing. Then she knew that something was wrong. So she went over to the lodge of the woman who gave the last sun-dance and said to her, "You must be a bad woman, because one of the sticks is gone." The sister laid the blame on this woman. After a while a war-party came to the top of the hill. The people watching saw them throw a robe away. Then the sister began to cry, and when the war-party came in, the people heard that Cuts-Wood had been killed.

Anthropological Papers American Museum of Natural History, Vol. II, 1908
Submitted by Blue Panther Keeper of Stories






Native Americans Issue Strong Warning To Federal Government

Public Letter to Senator McCain & House Rep. Richard Pombo

The federal government committed the world's longest holocaust against the American Indian people! The federal government signed treaties with Indian nations, and made it a point to break every one of them! The federal government enslaved Indian men, women and children on reservations!

Now you're saying that Indians are reservation shopping? Before you try to write more laws against Indians' economic well being and advancement, you'd better honor all treaties made with Indian nations! You'd better start dealing with all the billions of dollars missing from the Indian trust fund!! Stop looking for a cheap way out! Pay up NOW!

Treaties made with the federal government are the supreme law of the land! The Native American community demands that you make these issues your top priority! Stop giving in to special interest groups that hate Indians. They are funding lobbyists to get your support. We see it happening!

These "Hate Indians" groups and their lobbyists with tons of cash are generating a false "Hate crisis" toward the American Indian community! No matter how much money they put in front of you, you'd better not buy into their Jack Abramoff scam! These same Indian hate groups are using the national media to advance their hate propaganda using words like Indian reservation shopping, Land encroachment, Indians don't pay taxes, and Indian governments out of control. The list goes on and on!

Nor have you discussed this so called "Reservation shopping" issue before the American Indian community! You would not treat the Jewish or Black American community in this manner! You need to get out of the back rooms of congress, put down the cigar, and address these issues before the American Indian community with respect as to any new legislation! Your actions affect tens of thousands of innocent people in the American Indian community!

The American Indian community is fed up with the political and economic deck being stacked against them by our own federal government! So far the only thing you have not required for an Indian to open a business in this country is proof from God that he approves of the deal!

You should be using your time to find out why corporate America is not doing their part to end the high rate of poverty in the American Indian community! If corporate America would support the American Indian community as they do communist China, Indian casinos would become a thing of the past as to Indians economic well being! As it is that's about the only way they have to make a living on their reservation! That's because you and the federal government are not calling corporate America in on the carpet and demanding answers! I hope you get the point by now, honorable representatives.

Our Indian sons and daughters serving in the U.S. Armed forces today are being killed in other countries. They're giving their life so others can live free and have a better way of life and future. While here in their true home land politicians like yourself are looking for ways to obstruct and block their family's economic well being!

If you move forward (as it looks like you are preparing to do) and ram more anti-Indian legislation through congress, without any thought or action toward real Indian community issues. The Native American community is prepared to instruct our sons, daughters and grand kids not to join the U.S. Armed forces! At this time there are around 35,000 Native Americans serving in the U.S. Armed forces. This message will be sent to them as well.

This action will not be coming from an Indian government but from Moms, Dads, Grandparents, Veterans, Indian organizations and Indian groups all over America. This action will only come about if you and congress turn your backs on the Native American community again! All we ask is that you deal with our real economic issues, not what others are telling you they are!

Last week in Geneva before the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) the Western Shoshone people won a very important victory in their ongoing battle with the United States government over ancestral land rights.

In a strongly worded finding, CERD called on the United States to halt the destructive land-use practices it has allowed on some of the 60 million acres the Western Shoshone claim until a settlement is reached on the status of that land. The area stretches across most of Nevada and parts of Idaho, Utah, and California.

The CERD decision instructs the US to start a dialogue with the Western Shoshone people to find a solution to the land-use issues that complies with their rights. It asks the US to provide an update by July 15 on the steps it has taken to meet CERD's requests.

The Native American community will no longer be quiet or stand by and let Indian hate groups dictate our issues or policies! Nor will we stand by and let our land be taken away and sold for pennies on the dollar to corporate America so they can make billions!

We are fed up with state governments and governors acting like dictators over us and our tribal governments! No state government should have the power or right to close an Indian tribal business without due process and federal oversight, to include that tribal government!

Our tribal governments should only work on a government to government level with the federal government! States should have to come before an Indian affairs committee concerning any "legal" problems they may have with a Native American government! This action would stop states from filing thousands of frivolous law suit's each year!

It is our hope that you, our elected federal representatives, give your full attention to these thoughts and words.

U.N.A. Veterans Page:


Mike Graham, member Oklahoma Cherokee NationFounder United Native America



Dear Members and Supporters of Manataka,

We need your immediate help to protect one of the last wild landscapes of the Great Plains -- the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument in north-central Montana.

The Bureau of Land Management has just released a draft management plan that threatens the spectacular wildlife and geological, historical and cultural treasures that make this national monument a unique place.

Please go to and urge the Bureau of Land Management to protect the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, rather than subject it to an onslaught of jet skis, motor boats, airstrips and hundreds of miles of roads.

The Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument is a place of untamed beauty and flourishing wildlife, rich in cultural history and geological wonders, with the wild and majestic Missouri River at its heart. These wildlands have changed little from what Lewis and Clark saw on their westward journey 200 years ago, or from what Native American tribes experienced for thousands of years before that.

The lands and waters of the monument are home to renowned elk and bighorn sheep herds, bald and golden eagles, and numerous kinds of fish, including rare and endangered species. The Bureau of Land Management is proposing to allow an extensive network of roads -- totaling almost 400 miles in length -- that would imperil this wildlife and destroy the monument's unspoiled character. In addition, the six unauthorized airstrips and excessive motorboat use that are part of the proposal would further damage the region's wild qualities.

The Bureau of Land Management is accepting public comments. Go to right away and tell the agency to revise its proposed management plan to protect and preserve the special values of the Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument for present and future generations to enjoy.

Thank you for your help in defending these magnificent wildlands.


Frances Beinecke
Natural Resources Defense Council


Osiyo Manataka,


Just a note to let you know how satisfied I am with the special priced 16 ft. teepee I bought 2 years ago.  Everyone that knows about teepees comment on how well constructed it is.  When I'm camping I spend most of my time educating the curious and sometimes I feel like a salesman (hope to steer some potential customers your way).  I have even offered to make arrangements on the purchase.  I have generated lots of interest and it has been fun too.  I was wondering if you might have a flier or business card I could use for reference.  I will try to print out something from your web page to use.  Anyway, thanks for everything. 


Sincerely,  Steve Piatt


Dear Manataka,

Thinking on things ....... while thinking on possibilities for Rocky Boy Reservation in Box Elder, Montana and "listening in" on Native groups online .... it seems to me that there's still a whole lot of talk going on about racism in mascots and media stereotypes, while deeper issues of poverty, crime, addictions and diseases get overlooked.

While I understand that it is a matter of respect and cultural awareness -- at the same time, changing a team's mascot to something more respectful will not save a People from starvation or despair.

Going through clothes today, I was asking myself - if I met a freezing person on the rez, would I still need this coat, blanket, sweatshirt for myself?  No. Simple question - it forced me to be honest, also.

On one level, it's about ethnicity and culture and spirituality, a way of life.  On another level, it's about basic human rights and respect for human dignity. For everyone.  I think maybe it's easier for most to argue about mascots and the media.

Not so easy to advocate and to work for food and clothing and shelter for thousands of poor people.   Maybe it's just my perception.

love and peace,
Kim Summer Moon

Faith without action is dead.



Funny Bones...


Three Indian commandos were out in the Iraqi desert. "I understand that you Indians have brought your own indigenous survival equipment" ventured their captain.

"Sir, I have brought an entire barrel cactus" said the Pima guy, proudly;"When I get too hot, I just cut off the top and take a drink,"

The captain looked impressed.

Not to be outdone, the Pueblo guy said "Sir, I have brought the sacred corn pollen. When I get too hot, I pray with it, and then it rains".

The captain looked even more impressed.

Not to be outdone the Rosebud guy said "I brought a car door off a 1959 Chevy Impala".

"Why would you do that?" the captain asked.

"Well," said the Rosebud guy; "when I get too hot, I just roll down the window".



Bennie E. "Blue Thunder" LeBeau Sr., an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone Nation, Wind River Indian Reservation, Ft. Washakie, Wyoming is a MAIC Newsletter Correspondent.  His "Teton Rainbow" and Earth Wisdom columns are regular features on these pages.


Letter to Humanity for the Uto Aztecan Crescent Moon Ceremony May 13th & 14th, 2006

Greetings My Fellow Brothers, Sisters, Family and Relatives,


At this time, peoples of all nations are being called to pray together worldwide. This is a follow up after care ceremony to help in the healing of Mother Earth and hear children, including all life forms. The re-harmonization of the sacred site areas of the Magnificent 19 + 1 = 20 Grand Teton Medicine Wheel Ceremony held on May 8th, 2004 has activated many individuals in retuning and healing more sites in the sacred hoop. This includes all of those Nations around the world continuing with teachings of the importance of this ceremony working with this Earth Wisdom and the Knowledge that has blessed many areas of Mother Earth and humanity. People of every color, faith and nationality are coming together to share prayers for the Mother Earth and Humanity. There are suggested protocols for interfaith prayer will help bring more clarity to this ceremony. The guidelines were inspired by the Warriors of Old, speaking the truth from the past in dreams and visions asking for peace in all Indigenous Nations and all Nationalities. Praying in ceremonies together re-harmonizing and healing Mother Earth's sacred sites softening the blow to natures forces of the environments worldwide forthcoming disasters.


I have been directed by dreams and visions to help bring an awareness to gather many cultures and nationalities of people for prayers healing Mother Earth. Many traditional and non-traditional planning meetings took place, in the Spring of 2004 and continue today in 2006. As mentioned in the Spoken Truth, The Warriors of Old, Keepers of the Ancient Earth Wisdom. Grandfather Martin Martinez, Spiritual Leader of the Navajo around Haystack, New Mexico and his wife, Grandmother Janice Martinez had seen a similar visions, warriors of long ago, on horses, carrying a staff with eagle feathers from many nations. He saw in a clearing rainbow houses and many people drumming in a circle. You can help these visions for world peace and re-harmonizing humanities homelands, rebithing peace, honor and respect for all nations. Please consider using our Indigenous Protocols and the guidelines in your own prayers and ceremonies of communities worldwide. Everyone can use the best of their cultures protocols together in peace.


There is an for instance protocol that was followed during the Magnificent "19 + 1 = 20 Grand Teton Medicine Wheel Ceremony" celebrated worldwide on May 8, 2004. This protocol has been further refined for the May 2006 Ceremony, please check out the Protocols Section at On May 13th and 14th, 2006, people around the world will again be praying, singing, dancing and drumming together on Mothers Day for Mother Earth. Repairing Mother Earth's broken hoops the circles within the sacred hoop of life that need our help. The Flower Life Symbol is written world wide in many sacred texts of all cultures. In America in the Rock Art Petroglyph Symbols represents healing in our circles of humanity calling out to all nations coming together blossoming as the Flowers of Life, representing each other in Peaceful relationships. Please join with others in your own homes, churches, synagogues, mosques, mountains, springs and sacred sites everywhere. Ambassadors are needed in all areas to help organize the ceremonies. World-wide prayers of every sort are going on everyday and you can learn about many groups on the links page at website.


Thank You goes out to the Many Cultures Working For Peace and Healing of Mother Earth and all of her Life Forms, for Love, Peace, Trust, Respect, Honor and Gratitude Goes Out To Each and Everyone that Has Helped in the Past, Present and into the Future. Again Many Thank You's, for we are those people we have been waiting for that has been prophesized to bring peace and clarity for all of humanity. Many of us would awaken at this time as was mentioned seven generations ago in these two Prophecies in The Seven Fire Prophecy and The Warriors of The Rainbow Prophecy. May the Great Spirit Continue to Bless Each and Everyone of Us World Wide in the New Dreams and Visions for Peace and Harmony on the Horizion Coming.  Aho...





Today, 87% of Americans agree that the US should take steps to reduce global warming pollution and fast track development of renewable energy. So, this Earth Day is unlike any other because the debate about global warming, the mother of all environmental issues, is firmly behind us.


The media is finally helping tell the story. ABC News and Fox News lead the way with feature specials on global warming, and mass-pop culture magazines, including Time, Vanity Fair and Elle, are highlighting the problem from their covers.


And what more appropriate day to premiere HBO’s documentary on global warming than April 22nd? Too Hot Not to Handle documents the impact of global warming on the United States and some of the great solutions individuals are initiating today.


Exciting things are continuing to happen on the Virtual March too. has a new look and even more tools for marchers. Check out the new action items, featured videos and customized carbon calculator.


Best of all, the Virtual March is continuing until we are millions strong and become so big and loud that Washington can no longer ignore this issue. Therefore, this Earth Day, we celebrate the one year anniversary of the Virtual March.


To make a difference this Earth Day -- spread the message about the Virtual March to 5 new people, email your friends and family to watch the HBO special on April 22nd, calculate how much carbon and money you can save with a few simple actions, and buy the May issues of Elle and Vanity Fair. Read them and pass them on to others.


Happy Earth Day... and keep on Marching!


Laurie David, Founder




Elder's Meditation


"The way of like our old way of hunting.
You begin with a mere trail - a footprint.
If you follow that faithfully, it may lead you to a clearer trail
- a track - a road. Later on there will be many tracks,
crossing and diverging one from the other.
Then you must be careful, for success lies in
the choice of the right road."
-Mary Lightenings Eastman, Santee Sioux

An entire apple tree is initially contained in the seed. Visions are initially contained in the idea. If you trace the path of a blooming flower backwards, it goes from the blooming flower back to a bud, back to a stem, back to a seed.  So it is in the way of knowledge. Often we will experience a hunch or a feeling that we are supposed to do something. At first it may not make any sense. This is the seed stage. Once we start to investigate, more gets revealed. As more is revealed, the more knowledge we get. This is the way the Great Spirit guides us.

Great Spirit,
help me to
choose the
right choices.

By Don Coyhis




Tribal Politics...


Abenaki recognition to be official

MONTPELIER, VT -- A decade ago, Janet Ancel, the legal counsel to Gov. Howard Dean, opposed official state recognition of the Abenaki. Wednesday afternoon, Janet Ancel, the state legislator, stood on the House floor and told her colleagues that the time has come to extend that recognition.

"Simply put, it's the right thing to do," Ancel said.

Moments later, the House gave preliminary approval by unanimous voice vote to a bill that would officially recognize the Abenaki as a minority. The status is partly about pride but also will allow members of the tribe to apply for designated scholarships and market crafts labeled American Indian.

The House is scheduled to take a second vote today on the bill, which has passed the Senate. If the Senate concurs with relatively minor changes the House made, the bill will go to Gov. Jim Douglas, who is expected to sign it.

Like Ancel, Douglas is among those whose tune has changed dramatically on the issue. Until recently, state officials vociferously fought Abenaki recognition out of fear that it would enhance the tribe's chances for federal recognition, which could lead to land claims and casinos.

Those fears evaporated when the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs denied the St. Francis/Sokoki Band of Abenaki's application for federal recognition in November. Ancel joined the list of one-time opponents who now believe state recognition will have no impact on land claims.

"I'm ecstatic," Fred Wiseman, tribal historian for the St. Francis/Sokoki Band of Abenaki in Swanton, said after the vote. The Abenakis' battle for recognition in Vermont has lasted more than 30 years.

Rep. Kathy Lavoie, R-Swanton, told her fellow House members that she's seen many changes in recent years that indicate better relations between the Abenaki and other Vermonters in Franklin County. When she moved there 22 years ago, Lavoie said, there was tension between Abenaki and non-Abenaki children in schools. When Monument Road in Swanton was closed because of a dispute over burial grounds a few years ago, property owners were scared, she said.

Since then, she said, attitudes have changed on the playgrounds and over burial grounds. She has seen people go from hiding their Abenaki heritage to announcing it.

"The time has come for us to recognize the Abenaki people," Lavoie said. "They are my neighbors. They are my friends."

Rep. Francis Brooks, D-Montpelier, chairman of the House General, Housing and Military Affairs Committee, said that ability to proudly pronounce one's heritage was key to him. He described when an Odanak Abenaki from the Northeast Kingdom came to his committee to testify on the bill.

"He said, 'Hello, my name is Richard R. Bernier and I am an Abenaki," Brooks said. "One could feel the pride. Also, one could feel the desire to be recognized as a Vermonter and an Abenaki."

Wiseman set up a video camera on the House floor Wednesday to capture the historic moment, just as he did last year in the Senate. This time he came with a tripod, a longer boom microphone and a second camera. His wife, Anna Roy, was in the balcony taping from that vantage point.

Wiseman was watching closely to see what Ancel would do. He remembered vividly her statement in 1995: "The position of the state is that in the late 1700s the Abenaki ceased functioning as a tribe and although they have regrouped, it still doesn't meet the legal test."

The statement, proving the state's intention to fight the Abenaki, was a low point, Wiseman said. That made her remarks Wednesday in favor of recognition especially important, he said.

Ancel said she concurred then with the Attorney General's Office in believing that state recognition would lead to federal recognition, and she strongly opposes casinos in Vermont. Although the St. Francis/Sokoki Band might still appeal the federal decision, Ancel said, the Attorney General's Office has told her the decision is unlikely to be overturned. "Because of that, the whole picture has changed," she told the Democratic caucus during a debate on the issue Tuesday.

Douglas supports the legislation under the same premise, said his spokesman, Jason Gibbs.

Although all advance indications were that the legislation would pass Wednesday, Jeff Benay, chairman of the Governor's Advisory Commission on Native American Affairs and longtime supporter of recognition, was nervous until he received word by telephone that it had passed. "I was anxiously waiting," he said. "I am really so pleased that this was a unanimous vote."

He said he planned to be in the audience for the final vote today.


Published: Thursday, April 6, 2006 by Terri Hallenbeck, Free Press Staff Writer
Submitted by Bonnie Two Feathers Delcourt




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From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent

Fluoride Action Network media release

Fluoridation linked to bone cancer:
Finding prompts calls to halt practice

Young boys who drink fluoridated water are at an increased risk of developing bone cancer, according to a new study published in the May issue of the journal, Cancer Causes and Control.

A team of Harvard University scientists, led by Dr. Elise Bassin, found a five fold increased risk of developing osteosarcoma in teenage boys who drank fluoridated water at ages 6, 7, and 8.  The research, funded by the National Institute of Environmental Health Studies, reinforces previous findings in both animals and humans.  Dr. William Mass, the head of oral health at the Centers for Disease Control, told the Wall Street Journal  (July 23, 2005) that Bassin "did great shoe-leather epidemiology" (1)

According to Fluoride Action Network (FAN) Executive Director, Dr. Paul Connett, "Increasing a child's risk of contracting a frequently fatal bone cancer is too high a price to pay for a small reduction in tooth decay.  The 60-year old gamble that ingested fluoride could protect the tooth enamel without damaging other tissues, has clearly been a bad one."

The new study is an extension of an analysis first completed by Bassin as a Harvard PhD thesis in 2001. However, the thesis adviser, Dr. Chester Douglass, was charged in 2005 by the Environmental Working Group of withholding and misrepresenting these findings to the public and scientific community (2). These charges have been "under investigation" by Harvard for almost nine months, but no report has yet been given on the results of this investigation.

Douglass has recently praised Bassin's work saying "She did a good job Š  it's a nice analysis" in an interview with Fox TV (Boston) News (3).

According to FAN science research director Chris Neurath, "Bassin's approach of investigating the risk of osteosarcoma as a function of the year in which the child is exposed is a breakthrough in understanding how fluoride may cause bone cancer.  Bassin points out that if studies which only look at lifetime fluoride exposure or accumulated bone fluoride levels are re-examined with her method, they too may reveal the same relationship."

This week, the director of a major British cancer study center reported finding age-specific risk factors at play in many forms of teenage cancers, including osteosarcoma (4).  Dr. Jillian Birch, head of the UK Pediatric and Familial Cancer Research Group, said that childhood growth spurts and hormone variations with age seem to trigger cancers that appear in the teenage years, thus corroborating Bassin's research.
According to FAN director Connett: "The Bassin findings deal another serious blow to the US fluoridation program.  This paper comes just two weeks after a major National Research Council report on fluoride in drinking water which also raised serious health questions about the dangers of fluoride exposure. We stand firmly behind the recent call by eleven EPA professional unions for an immediate halt to water fluoridation and a full Congressional investigation of this outdated and risky program."








Paul Connett, PhD, 315-379-9200; 802-355-0999;

For further background information, see:


Animal Rights and Wrongs....


A Lion and Her Calf

Juli Maltagliati, Manataka Correspondent


“And the wolf also shall dwell with the lamb,

The leopard shall lie down with the young goat.

The calf and the young lion and the fatling together…

The cow and the bear shall graze;

Their young ones shall eat straw like the ox…

They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain,

For the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord

As the waters cover the sea.”

                                                                     Isaiah 11:6-9


The last time I watched “Wild Kingdom,” I think I was still a teenager.  I don’t watch a lot of television.  But today the TV was on and a lead-in commercial showed a beautiful lioness lying peacefully beside and gently licking a baby antelope.  Intrigued, I was compelled to watch the show and learn the story. 

The African game warden of this northern region of Kenya had named the lioness with a nick in one ear and her pink nose “Kamunyak”, which means Blessed One.  A more appropriate name couldn’t have been chosen for her.  An adolescent lioness, no more than 3 years old, Kamunyak had found and adopted a newborn oryx antelope calf, and proceeded to groom and protect it as if it were her own.  Kamunyak was solitary, not belonging to a pride, which is unusual and not the natural state for lions.  She and this lost baby—predator and prey—formed a bond.

The first sighting of this unusual relationship enabled a video capturing of the story, the camera following each day thereafter.  For 16 days, the lioness did not hunt or feed because she would not leave her helpless charge.  She slept very little, too, since as a night creature, daytime is her time to sleep… but as the baby oryx would roam during the day, the devoted lioness would get up and wearily follow.  Remarkably, the calf survived the entire 16 days with only occasional small feedings upon re-connecting very briefly with its mother.  The orxy antelope needs to nurse for their first few months to survive. 

When the native people became aware of this remarkable union, the response was overwhelming.  Great pressure was brought to bear on the game warden to feed the animals, against the general rule of not interfering with nature.  If the lioness would not leave the baby antelope, she could not hunt nor eat… and neither could the baby antelope possibly re-connect with its mother for the necessary continuous feeding.  So, one night, the game warden decided to have food left for Kamunyak, in the hope she would eat it.  But she did not.

As I watched this miraculous event unfold, I turned to my mother and said, “It’s a precursor of coming times, Mom, a preview… it’s my favorite scripture in Isaiah, coming to pass.  We’re being shown how it can be, how it’s going to be.”  Minutes later, one of the locals Kenyans was asked what he thought of Kamunyak and her antelope baby, and his words were translated, “God has arrived.”

But I knew a happy ending for both animals was unlikely.  By day 16, they were gaunt and weak from hunger.  As Kamunyak lay down to rest, for the first time, she did not get up to follow when her baby antelope wandered away.  A lion who had been hiding in bushes pounced on the baby antelope, as Kamunyak, hearing the baby’s cry, leapt to her feet.  She ran toward the sound and watched helplessly from a short distance away as the lion killed the baby.  Afterward, as Kamunyak sniffed the grass stained by the blood of the baby where it had been killed, she displayed the signs of mother lion grieving for her cub.

The next day, Kamunyak killed and ate a warthog, returning to her natural survival instincts.  Kamunyak later went on to adopt five more baby antelope, though none of the connections lasted nearly so long as the first.  Some starved, and Kamunyak roamed away from one, seeming to lose interest—perhaps to release it—and the baby reconnected with its antelope family.  Then, one day, Kamunyak wasn’t seen any longer, and her fate is not known.  The hope is that she beat the odds again, and was accepted into a new pride, to have a baby of her own.

The animal behaviorists and experts determined that Kamunyak may have been traumatized by the killing of her entire pride, and was the sole survivor.  Many lions in the region are killed because they prey on the herds of local farmers.  This trauma, they concluded, would have been enough to cause her to find comfort in the appearance of a baby—any baby—she could claim as her own.  That may be.

And maybe God is speaking to us.

Visit this webpage for more info and photos:

~Juli Maltagliati, Manataka Correspondent



Battle over Sacred Mountain Enters Next Phase
by Prescott Union for Peace and Justice

In early October, the next phase of a centuries-old struggle unfolds in the federal courtroom in Prescott, AZ. Several environmental groups and Native American Nations have sued the US Forest Service to halt an expansion of the ski resort on the San Francisco Peaks.


Battle over Sacred M...


People from near and far will be arriving in Prescott for this month’s trial. A sizeable delegation from Colorado AIM (American Indian Movement) will be driving down. Flagstaff Activist Network and Save the Peaks Coalition will be sending people down from Flagstaff. Local organizers are planning a series of events and are encouraging everyone to come to Prescott to show their support for Native American rights.

The existence of the ski resort on The Peaks has been a source of bitter contention since the first lodge was built on this highly sacred mountain in the 1930s. A full-scale ski resort, including shops and restaurants, was proposed in 1969. Strong vocal opposition and legal action from Native peoples prevented the plans from being implemented until the 1980s.

The wounds, however, can be traced further back to the settling of Flagstaff in the late 1800s when indigenous people were persecuted and forcibly removed from the area.

Robert Tohe, who is Navajo and is environmental justice organizer for the Sierra Club, sums up the feelings of many Native Americans in Northern Arizona when he said, “The ski area that exists on the mountain now is something we have been forced to accept after decades of attempts to be heard. Only if there is no new development will the reopening of old wounds and further alienation of our people be avoided.”

The lawsuit charges the Forest Service with violations of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the National Historic Preservation Act, the Endangered Species Act, and other land and cultural protection laws.

At least 14 Southwestern tribes hold the San Francisco Peaks to be sacred. In February 2005, leaders from these tribes met with the supervisor of the Coconino National Forest and urged her to reject the proposed expansion of the ski area.

During the public comment period, the Forest Service received 9,887 substantive comments, most of them negative, about the project. In March 2005, the Forest Service issued its decision to proceed with the ski area expansion despite all the objections.

The San Francisco Peaks are deeply rooted in the culture of nearby tribes. These nations have revered The Peaks as a place to gather special herbs, the home of deities and a place of emergence.

The mountain soil bundle, used in the Navajo Blessingway Ceremony, is prepared on the San Francisco Peaks. To the Navajo, the mountain is a physical manifestation of sacred forces and a home to spiritual beings. “The San Francisco Peaks is the essence of who we are... and is the Holy House of our sacred deities whom we pray to and give our offerings,” said Navajo Nation President Joe Shirley Jr.

The mountain is central to Hopi ceremonial life. The Katsinas, who bring rain and maintain social and ceremonial order, live on the San Francisco Peaks. A few select Hopi make periodic pilgrimages to visit sacred shrines on the mountain.

“In a time when the Hopi Katsina Spirits have answered our prayers for rain and happiness, Coconino [National Forest] has placed a dagger in the Hopis’ spirituality,” said Leigh Kuwanwisiwma, director of the Hopi Cultural Preservation Office.

The proposed expansion violates the sanctity of the mountain in a variety of ways. The cutting of large swaths of trees (74 acres of clearcuts) is both irreverent and environmentally destructive, especially since the clearcuts are never allowed to heal. The Forest Service has given the ski area permission to make artificial snow. Refusing to accept the natural climate conditions is itself sacrilegious in the eyes of people who hold the mountain at the center of a spiritual cosmology. A new pipeline will deliver treated wastewater to a holding pond for use in making artificial snow. (If the FDA doesn’t believe the treated wastewater is clean enough to drink, then how can it be clean enough to pipe a million-and-a-half gallons per day up 4,000 feet onto a sacred mountain?) Fifty snowmaking guns will be employed both day and night and will be heard a mile or more away. The wounds grow deeper.

“The National Forest Service… does not seem to get the spiritual significance of throwing millions of gallons of wastewater in an area used for Native American rituals,” says Maggie Macary, PhD candidate at Pacifica Graduate Institute.

“We as indigenous people will not tolerate further disrespect and desecration of our sacred peaks,” says Roland Manakaja, Havasupai natural resource and cultural director. “We will live up to our responsibilities to protect our Mother the earth.”

An important pre-trial hearing is scheduled for October 6 in Prescott. The trial begins October 12.



2006 Indian Business Owner of the Year Honored


Flintco of Tulsa, OK Wins Award


Tulsa World (OK) (KRT) Via Thomson Dialog NewsEdge) Flintco Cos. Inc. announced that it has been named the 2006 Indian Business Owner of the Year by the National Center for American Indian Enterprise Development.


Robin Flint Ballenger, chairwoman of the Tulsa-based construction company and a member of the family that founded Flintco, said she is honored by the NCAIED award.

"It was a huge thrill for me, because I've been to their conferences and watched other wonderful companies win this award," she said.

Representatives of NCAIED said Flintco earned the award because it is the largest American Indian-owned construction company in the nation; it has provided construction services to more than 50 tribes, nations and rancherios; and it is involved in nonprofit organizations that promote American Indian economic growth, Ballenger said.


Ballenger, an active member of the Cherokee Nation, said Flintco has participated in American Indian projects such as the Cherokee Casino near Tulsa, the Hope Health Center in Polacca, Ariz., and an education center for the Lummi Nation in Washington state.

Besides Tulsa, Flintco has offices in Albuquerque, N.M.; Austin, Texas; Memphis, Tenn.; Sacramento, Calif.; Springdale, Ark.; Springfield, Mo.; and Oklahoma City.

Manataka is proud to honor this great American Indian-owned firm.






When we're under stress,
we think we should know everything.
We know that somewhere in the back of our minds
we have all the answers to what confronts us,
but no matter how hard we try,
we can't find the answer we need.
We won't be able to as long as we're under stress.
Ironically, the best thing we can do
in situations like this is walk away!
Many dilemmas are solved the minute
we put them down and leave them.
If we let the problem loose, we often find
that the solution emerges effortlessly.
So loosen up, let go,
turn your attention to something totally different.
Relax and the answers will come.
Any one could pray to the spirits,
receiving answer usually in a dream.









The Eighth Annual Native American Music Awards, or Nammys, is proud to announce the nominees for this year's Awards program.  Over 125 nominees with origins as far as Alaska (Medicine Dream), Hawaii (Keola Beamer), and New Zealand (Arjdijah), are featured in 25 Awards categories.


"This year"s nominees feature an equal mix of new artists making their debut on the national circuit as well as previous Nammy Award winners and nominees." states Ellen Bello, Founder/CEO of the Native American Music Awards. All nominees were voted upon by the Awards" national Advisory membership and chosen among the 150 national contemporary and traditional music recordings originally submitted for nomination consideration. Winners of the Eighth Annual Native American Music Awards will be determined through membership print ballots and a national voting campaign open to the general public which will be posted shortly as a listen and vote system on the Nammys" website.  The Native American Music Awards, Inc. is the country"s leading membership-based association composed of music industry professionals, musicians, programmers, producers, engineers and other professionals dedicated to promoting and preserving Native American music throughout the United States and around the world.


The Native American Music Awards and Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino are proud to present the Eighth Annual Native American Music Awards scheduled to take place June 8th at the Hard Rock Live in Hollywood, Florida. All tickets are on-sale now and available at Ticketmaster. The Native American Music Awards and Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino extend their sincerest congratulations to this year's nominees.


2006 Nominees

Manataka picks in black

A. Artist of the Year

1.  Jana "Flash Of A Firefly" (RA)

2.  Jim Boyd "Them Old Guitars" (TW)

3.  Joanne Shenandoah "Skywoman" (SWA)

4.  Keith Secola "Native Americana" (AKA)

5.  Rita Coolidge "And So Is Love" (CR)

B.  Best Blues Recording

1.  "From All Directions" Blue Dog  (BD)

2.  "Blues From The Coyote" Gary Small & the Coyote Bros. (MT)

3   "Follow Your Heart"s Desire" .  Pura Fe" (MM)

4.  "Gotta Have Your Love" Red Rhythm Band (RH)

5.  "And So Is Love" Rita Coolidge (CR)


C.  Best Compilation Recording

1.  "The Collection" Brule' (SR)

2.  "Honoring Singers & Songmakers Vol 3" Northern Cree & Friends

3.  "Home of the Champions" United Tribes  (MA)

4   "Sacred Ground" .  Various  (SWA)

5.   "The Makoche" Masters" Various  (MA)

D. Debut Artist/Group of the Year

1.  Asani "Rattle & Drum" (ABR)

2.  Blue Dog "From All Directions" (BD)

3.  Feather River Singers "Daughters of the Earth" (FRS)

4.  Red Rhythm Band "Gotta Have Your Love" (RH)

5.  Silverbird "World Peace" (OLI)


E.  Best Female Artist

1.  Kansas Begaye "Native Rose" (SR)

2.  Marlena "I"ll Run To You" (CPR)

3.  Pura Fe" "Follow Your Heart"s Desire" (MM)

4.  Radmilla Cody "Spirit of a Woman" (CA)

5.  Tiinesha Begaye "Rhythm of Love" (CA)

F.  Best  Folk/Country Recording

1.  "Native Americana" Keith Secola  (AKA)

2.  "Bad Boys & Angels" Mike Gouchie  (SR)

3.  "Buffalo" Qua Ti Si  (SDA)

4   "To Future From Past" .  Spirit Wing (IR)

5.  "One In Every Crowd" Tonemah (GLA)



G.  Flutist of the Year

1.  Andrew Vasquez  "Togo" (MA)

2.  Douglas Blue Feather "Time For Truth" (SH)

3.  Joseph Fire Crow "Red Beads" (MR)

4.  R. Carlos Nakai & Keola Beamer "Our Beloved Land" (CYN)

5.  Wildcat "Cherokee Flutes" (WA)

H. Gospel /Christian/Inspirational Recording

1.  "Prayer Warriors" Cecil Gray (CG)

2.  "Cherokee Sunday Morning" Cherokee National Youth Choir

3.  "I"ll Run To You" Marlena (CR)

4.  "Heavenly Peace" Red Nativity (SR)

5.  "Speak To The Sky" Storm Seymour  (EK)



I.  Group of the Year

1.  AIRO "Tatanka" (BM)

2.  Arvel Bird, Deni, Irene Bedard "Raven In The Midnight Sun"

3.  Black Lodge Singers "Family Traditions" (SR)

4.  Cherokee National Youth Choir "Cherokee Sunday Morning"

5.  Northern Cree & Friends "Honoring Singers & Songmakers

J.  Best Historical Recording

1.  "Oklahoma Gourd Dance Songs" Cozad  (SR)

2.  "Traditional Songs of the Salt River Pima" Earl Ray (CYN)

3.  "Skywoman" Joanne Shenandoah  (SWA)

4.  "Spirit Seeker" Phillip Whiteman Jr.  (PW)

5.  "The Soundtrack of a People" Various  (EMI)



K.  Best Instrumental Recording

1.  "Tatanka" AIRO  (BM)

2.  "Arvel Bird Live" Arvel Bird (SW)

3.  "The Collection" Brule' (SR)

4.  "Melodies of the Cane Flute Vol 2" Estun-Bah (DB)

5.   "Legion Stomp" The Thundertones (SP)

L.  Best Male Artist

1. Gary Small & the Coyote Bros. "Blues From The Coyote" (MT)

2. Gil Silverbird "World Peace" (OLI)

3. Joseph Fire Crow "Red Beads" (MR)

4. Tommy Wildcat "Cherokee Flutes" (WA)

5. Wade Fernandez "Song of the Black Wolf" (SBW)



M.  Best New Age Recording

1. "Time For Truth" Douglas Blue Feather (SH)

2. "Forgotten Warriors" Eddie Three Eagles (RT)

3. "Lone Pine Canyon" Golana (SH)

4.  "Two-Hawks Signature Series" John Two-Hawks  (CS)

5. "Just Passin" Thru" Passing Through (AHW)

N.  Best Pop/Rock Recording

1.  "Mother Earth" Eagle & Hawk (AB)

2.  "Something To Dream Of" Forever (TSS)

3.  "Them Old Guitars" Jim Boyd (TW)

4.  "The Second Coming" Micki Free (CA)

5.  "Song of the Black Wolf" Wade Fernandez  (SBW)



O.  Best Pow Wow Recording

1.  "Straight Up Northern" Black Eagle (SR)

2.  "Setting The Record Straight" Blackfoot Confederacy (CA)

3.  "Best of Both Worlds World Two" Tha Tribe (CA)

4.  "Loyal To Tha Old Man" Young Grey Horse (CA)

5.  "Round Dance" White Fish Jrs  (SG)

P.  Best Producer

1. David Swenson "The Makoche" Masters" (MA)

2. Jimmy Haslip "And So Is Love" (CR)

3. Paul LaRoche, Tom Bee & Robby Bee "The Collection" (SR)

4. Stephan Galfas & Alex Salzman "American Indian Christmas" (SO)

5. Stephen Butler "Traditional Songs of the Salt River Pima"



Q. Best R&B/Rap/Hip Hop Recording

1. "Spirit World" Buggin Malone  (AR)

2. "Nightmerika" Maniac The Siouxpernatural  (NS)

3.  "Anything You Want" NightShield  (ES)

4.  "River of Life" Sarah Hindsley  (TC)

5. "Boom Boom" Shadowyze  (BKB)

R.  Record of the Year

1.  "More Kids Pow Wow Songs" Black Lodge  (CA)

2.  "Time For Truth" Douglas Blue Feather (SH)

3.   "Flash Of A Firefly" .  Jana  (RA)

4.   "Them Old Guitars" Jim Boyd  (TW)

5.   "Native Americana" Keith Secola (AKA)



S.  Song/Single of the Year

1.  "Sacred Ground" Bill Miller (SW)

2.  "Stomp Dance" Brule' (SR)

3.  "Sundancer" Eagle & Hawk (AB)

4.  "Pow Wow 2-Nite" Gary Small (MT)

5.   "Come Rain or Come Shine" Rita Coolidge  (CR)

T.  Songwriter of the Year

1. Gil Silverbird "Silverbird" (OLI)

2. Jim Boyd "Them Old Guitars" (TW)

3. Keith Secola "Native Americana" (AKA)

4. Pura Fe "Follow Your Hearts Desire" (MM)

5. Socie Saltwater "It All Ends The Same" (GSP)



U.  Best Spoken Word Recording

1. "How Not To Catch Fish" Joseph M Marshall III

& John Two-Hawks (CS)

2.  "Spirit Seeker" Phillip Whiteman Jr. (PW)

3.  "The Keepers of the Earth" Red Feather Woman  (BM)

4.  "Flight of the Hawk" Red Hawk (MEG)

5.  "Blackfeet StorySmith" Wallace Gladstone, Jack  Gladstone

V.  Best Traditional Recording

1.  "Near Midnight" James Bilagody (TH)

2.  "Way of Life" Lakota Thunder (MA)

3.  "Spirit of a Woman" Radmilla Cody (CA)

4.  "Our Love Will Never Die" Randy Wood (CA)

5.  "Ghost Dance Songs" Red Shadow Singers (ABR)



W. Best Short or Long Form Video

1.  "Take A Road Trip To Serenity" Bryan Akipa (TIH)

2.  "Tribute To The Native American Flute"

Jan Michael Looking Wolf Reibach (CF)

3.  "In This World" Medicine Dream (CYN)

4.  "The Makoche" Masters" Various (MA)

5.   "Commodity Cheese Blues" Wade Fernandez (SBW)

X.  Best World Music Recording

1. "Journey" Ardijah  (PFP)

2. "People Of Peace" R. Carlos Nakai Quartet (CA)

3. "Dancing The Full Moon" Ron Warren (BH)

4.  "Legacy" Santee (SR)

5.  "Supia Jesus"  Wade Large (CP)  



Y.  Native Heart

1. Jeff Ball "Return To Balance" (RF)

2. John Densmore "Native Americana" (AKA)

3. Little Hawk "1492-1975" (ABR)

4. Scott August "New Fire" (CM)

5. Elysium Calling "Shapeshifter " (MS)





 511 Avenue of the Americas  Suite 371  New York  NY  10011   (212) 228-8300




2006 update on the Native American Music Awards


Folk/Country Nominee

qua ti si


"Thank you all for all the support and interest you have shown me though out the past year! After last years win in the Folk/Country category with the Native American Music Awards, I never believed I would be nominated again this year in the same category but, I have been nominated in the 2006th, 8th annual Native American Music Award in the Folk/Country category once again, “what a honor“.


Take the time to listen to the nominees and vote in this years Award program, it’s all up to you now and I hope you will vote for me in the Folk/Country category.


And a special thanks to Ellen Bellow, the Native American Music Awards, Patrick Doyle, Native and all the other great stations and people that take a interest in Native Music and play it and buy it, “Thanks to all”.


Thank you so much to the Creator above for his gift and love of music.

Ka ki ke mina ka ki ke (Forever an ever)

qua ti si







By Susan Bates


News and Notes From Indian Country

U.S. Found in Violation of Anti-Racism Treaty


According to an article published by One World, the United Nations has declared that the U.S. has violated Native American land rights. The independent Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination found ''credible information alleging that the Western Shoshone indigenous people are being denied their traditional rights to land' and asked federal authorities to cease all activities on tribal land, including efforts to set up commercial mining operations."

The Committee accused U.S. authorities of using arrests, hunting and fishing restrictions, grazing fees, and other measures to intimidate tribe members.


The Western Shoshone have suffered from more nuclear testing than any other People in the world. Underground testing is still going on while Yucca Mountain, Sacred to the Western Shoshone People, is being hollowed out to accommodate nuclear waste.

We will see if anything comes of this ruling.
Mining Defeated On Colville Reservation

The People took a stand for Mother Earth with a vote of 1254 to 847 against mining on their sacred land.


Jackson's Home Named Historic Site

According to an AP article, the Hermitage, Andrew Jackson's plantation home in Nashville, has been named an official site along the Trail Of Tears.


In 1830, Jackson issued the order that culminated in the removal of the Cherokee from their homes in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia. Thousands died
on the forced march.


Ancient City of Ulibahali To Be Dozed


The city of Oxford, Alabama, plans to build a sports complex on 360 acres of land which was once known as Ulibahali, a village mentioned at least 5 times by Hernando de Soto and other Spanish explorers who traveled through the valley in 1540 and 1560. Ulibahali is home to an ancient burial mound and excavations have yielded prehistoric corn, spear points, pots, storage vessels and an entire house dating back to the 12th or 13th century.


Since no federal money will be used for this project, the site will not be protected. My source asks all interested parties phone Mayor Leon Smith at 256-831-7510 and voice your opposition to this destruction, or write him at 145 Hamric Dr., Oxford, Al. 36203.
United Keetoowah Band Seeks Casino

The United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians will ask the Bureau of Indian Affairs to put its former reservation land in Arkansas in trust so the tribe and a Fort Smith developer can construct a casino. Plans also include a 250-room hotel, two eight-story office towers, a mall, restaurant, residential condominiums and a U. S. marshal's museum. There is a possibility that a baseball field and other sporting fields may be included.      
Representatives of the United Keetoowah say this development could bring an estimated 1, 300 jobs to the community.





Q: What do you get when you cross a Chickasaw, a Potawatomi, and a Paiute?
A: A chickie-pot-pie


Q: What do you call a Sioux guy out walking his dog? 

A: Vegetarian

Q: What do you call a Cheyenne guy with two dogs? 

A: Rancher



True Friendship

Many people today go through life without ever developing a close relationship with anyone.  How Sad this is!  We should be willing to open our hearts and show our brothers and sisters that we are truly concerned about their welfare.  Although not everyone is by nature gregarious or expressive, being withdrawn can be damaging.  Honest communication with others is fundamental to true friendship.  We all need true friends in whom we can confide our innermost thoughts from time to time, the better we know a person, the better we will be able to accommodate the needs of others.  Remember, "There is more happiness in giving then there is in receiving!


         A Beautiful Person 

What do you think of your physical body?  After all it is nothing but flesh, blood, water and bone.  It is an acceptable vessel to house your spiritual being while you are here on 'Mother Earth' is it not?  Then when your time comes to cross that great river or, when your physical life comes to an end you will leave that vessel behind and pass into the spirit world.


I have often thought that life is like a beautiful butterfly, you are born, grow into a beautiful creature and soon fade as old man time catches up to you.  Like the green grass of the fields you soon fade away and are blown this way and that way by the wind.  But I remember what I have been told by my grandfather, "remember Little Hawk when I leave this place we call 'Mother Earth' do not be sad for I will always be with you." Each time you enter the Sacred Circle to dance, I will be there.  When you observe the changing of the seasons, I will be with you. I will never be far off from you if you keep the memory of me in your heart."  Yes the green grass of the meadow is fresh and full of life and you too are full of life.  So use the time that you have here on 'Mother Earth' to to build a good relationship with others, praise the Grand Creator and make a good name for yourself and you too will be able to say, "I am with you always." 


Being Mild in Temper

Are you 'Mild In Temper? Are you able to control yourself when others around you make attempts to 'Get You Riled Up?  Mildness of temper is sometimes thought to imply weakness of character, however that is not the case.  The supreme characteristic of a man who is mild in temper is that of a man who is under perfect control.  It is not a spineless gentleness, a sentimental fondness, a passive quietism; it is strength under control.  In order to obtain Mildness Of Temper one must cultivate love for his brother or neighbor.  Has someone hurt your feelings in one-way or another?  Some might say, "I'll get even with you!  Or, Don't get mad, get even!  But I say, "Learn to control your temper and become a person having, 'Mildness Of Temper!


~Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman

MAIC Correspondent





Knock knock"  "Who's there?"  "Dishes"  "Dishes who?"  "Dishes da Navajo police... OPEN UP!"


An Osage lady had just bought a new car with her headright money. She sent her Ponca boyfriend to the back of the car to check out her turn signals.

"Are they working?" she asked.  The Ponca guy responded "Yes... No...Yes...No...."


Two Rosebud guys on relocation spied a sign in a cafe window that said "hot-dogs." Thinking they were some other kind of dogs, they ordered two to go and went to a park to have lunch. The first Rosebud guy looked inside his sack, and then threw it down in disgust.  "What part did you get?" asked his buddy.


Two Rosebud Indians stole a hog, and put it on the front car seat between them. Suddenly they hit a roadblock. Thinking fast, they
disguised the hog by putting sunglasses on it, and by tying a lady's scarf around its head. The trick worked, and the deputy let them go.

"Don't that break your heart?" the deputy asked the sheriff as they drove away. "Them two Indian boys ... out with that beautiful white woman."


Elder's Meditation


"In our traditional ways, the woman is the foundation of the family."

-Haida Gwaii Traditional Circle of Elders


We must pay attention to the role of the woman in the family. She is the heartbeat of the family. She should be respected and treated in a sacred manner. We should listen to her guidance. We should help make her role easier by

helping with chores or just telling her how much we appreciate her.

Great Spirit, I
ask you to
bless all the

By Don Coyhis



Warrior Society


Warming Us Twice

We have been told that chopping our own firewood warms us twice. Such a straightforward statement that seems logical until you scrutinize it.  It is clever, but it is a fabrication. It is a falsehood not by what it tells you, but by what it does not.


By the time you have your winter’s wood cut, split and at hand, the work increases again as you move each log several times to get it home where you can use it. The work involved in storing up a season of firewood, if you were involved in the procurement process, makes the real burning the most relaxing part, even a bit anticlimactic.


Therefore, reflect that not all lies are untrue. Here the untruth is not what we’re told, but rather what we are not told. This statement rings truth only to those who have never chopped their own firewood. One who has been engaged in their own woodcutting recognizes instantly the hidden untruths in the statement. Therefore, by reflecting on its deception, you will not only avoid error, you will learn priceless lessons in living.


Laughing Crow




1.   75% of Americans are chronically dehydrated.
2.   In 37% of Americans, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger.
3.   Even MILD dehydration will slow down one's metabolism as much as 3%.
4.   A glass of water will shut down midnight  hunger pangs for almost 100% of the dieters studied in a Univ. Washington study.
5.    Lack of water, the #1 trigger of daytime fatigue.
6.    Preliminary research shows that 8-10 glasses of water a day could significantly ease back and joint pain for up to 80% of

7.    A mere 2% drop in body water can trigger fuzzy short-term memory, trouble with basic math, and difficulty focusing on the

       computer screen or on a printed page.
8.    Drinking 5 glasses of water daily decreases the risk of colon cancer by 45%, plus it can slash the risk of breast cancer by

       79%, and one is 50% less likely to develop bladder cancer.

And now for the properties of

1.    In many states (in the USA) the highway patrol carries two gallons of coke in the truck to remove blood from the highway after  a car accident.
2.   You can put a T-bone steak in a bowl of coke and it will be gone in two days.
3.   To clean a toilet: Pour a can of Coca-Cola into the toilet bowl and let the "real thing" sit for one hour, then flush clean. The

      citric acid in Coke removes stains from vitreous China .
4.   To remove rust spots from chrome car bumpers: Rub the bumper with a rumpled-up piece of Reynolds Wrap aluminum foil

       dipped in Coca-Cola.
5.   To clean corrosion from car battery terminals: Pour a can of Coca-Cola over the terminals to bubble away the corrosion.
6.   To loosen a rusted bolt: Apply a cloth soaked in Coca-Cola to the rusted bolt for several minutes.
7.   To bake a moist ham: Empty a can of Coca-Cola into the baking pan, wrap the ham in aluminum foil, and bake. Thirty minutes before the ham is finished, remove the foil, allowing the drippings to mix with the Coke for a sumptuous brown gravy.
8.    To remove grease from clothes: Empty a can of coke into a load of greasy clothes, add detergent, and run through a regular  cycle. The Coca-Cola will help loosen grease stains.
9.    It will also clean road haze from your windshield.

For Your Info:
1.   The active ingredient in Coke is phosphoric acid. Its pH is 2.8. It will dissolve a nail in about 4days. Phosphoric acid also

       leaches calcium from bones and is a major contributor to the rising increase in osteoporosis.
2.   To carry Coca-Cola syrup (the concentrate) the commercial truck must use the Hazardous material place cards reserved for

       Highly corrosive materials.
3.    The distributors of coke have been using it to clean the engines of their trucks for about 20 years!

Now the question is, would you like a coke or a glass of water?  Think first.



Grandmother Council

By Carol Elk Looks Back Petersen



Decisions by the wise ones,

(grandmother councils) did not come easy.

Many generations came and went

before a law to protect the children was passed.

If you remove hardship

they said to each other

how will their character be polished like the flint.


It was an uneasy time for them

long white winters, little meat, dying babies

then came relocations

still they would not budge.

It take a lifetime before one can turn back and

say this will be good for the children walk this way.


There were warriors who were impatient with restless dreams

My dreams say what is best for every one they wept.

the grandmothers  listened.  They planned for tomorrows fire.

Some days there was no wood to be found.


no one can predict weather for personal benefit

this is our greatest challenge

how to live in balance is to respect and serve one another

without manipulating from fear.


The warriors left the women to seek out other fires.

They left the old men to be tended by the women and children

This is the way it was and continues.


When the snow melted the grandfathers were gone

the young ones were strong and loving

The grandmothers have always outlived the men


Have you wondered why?


Elk Looks Back

April 4, 2006



Women' Council Calendar

Green Voices —“To the house of old age, Up there I return. To the house of happiness, Up there I return. Beauty behind me, With it I return. Beauty before me, With it I return.”—Navajo song of Dawn Boy, translated by Frances Densmore
Date / Time  Event Program Place
6 May 11:30 a.m. Women’s Council Meeting  Becky Moore “The Medicine Wheel of Life” 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
13 May Full Moon - Scorpio  Nature reaches a crescendo of activity so it is a time of fulfillment. Period of greatest light. A time for completing things and for bringing things into perfection.
14 May Mother's Day National Holiday
19-20-21 May Healing Retreat Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
21 May Elder Council Meeting
21 May Membership Potluck Picnic Bring Snacks, Drinks, Hot Dogs—to Share Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
27 May New Moon - Gemini Good time to start a new project or to launch a new idea and to push forward with it as the tide of energies continues to build up. The New Moon of each month is a power day.
29 May Memorial Day Federal Holiday
Kitsune —“Listen, I’m a shaman. Spirits rise for me, draw near me now, animal spirits, rise up now—help me.”—Yukaghir shaman’s incantation to exorcise a demon, David Cloutier version.
Date / Time  Event Program Place
03 June Women's Council Meeting Planning Eureka Springs/Turpentine Creek Powwow Trip 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
11 June Full Moon

Sagittarius -  Nature reaches a crescendo of activity so it is a time of fulfillment. Period of greatest light. A time for completing things and for bringing things into perfection.

13 June Silver Celebration 136 Waine Place, Hot Springs
16-17 June Women's Council Trip Turpentine Creek, Eureka Springs
18 June Father' Day
18 June 9 a.m. Elder Council Meeting
18 June 1 p.m. Membership Potluck Picnic Hosted by Jim Ewing: Bring Snacks, Drinks, Hot Dogs—to Share Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
21 June 4:30 p.m. First Day of Summer Summer Solstice - Drumming & Ceremony Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds
23 - 25 June Summer Gathering TBA
25 June New Moon - Cancer Good time to start a new project or to launch a new idea and to push forward with it as the tide of energies continues to build up. The New Moon of each month is a power day.





My Beautiful Sisters all over the world,


It has been busy times in all the realms of all true human beings, there is so much to embrace and understand, as we hold on into the light of the spirit, many unfinished business came along, yet we all are in Maya time, so the process quicken, and the embracing and integration take place in such a beautiful manners.

   the dance of the Oneness never end, the integration is hold life in all the realms, as we dance, we become one, and through that oneness, we become peace, love, unity, light, wise, so many beautiful things that we begin to manifest beautiful changing in our lives as well in our community,....our world.



We need to hold on into the light inside and outside, for all human beings are coming into the place where messeges and the messenger become one, and we are doing this through the understanding of the message. Human being are

 be-living according to their own belief system and getting deeper we will find the heart in every ceremony that they perform, for in the ordinary is where the extraordinary take place.


For many religions and  traditions,  in the very beginning the heart and mind work together to perform the ceremonies, male-female dance together as it is the Great Spirit,  The heart was strong in the connection with the spirit, so the mind was enlighten by the love-light.


Embracing light, change life forever, for the "new" vibration is being download into our ways of living, hold on to that light of yours, that light will show you the way. For everything that you perceive is light.


Mama, is calling us, she is calling all her babies, she wants her babies with her, love is her ways, and love will takes back to her, this is the time of returning....


I am you

Magdala, Maya Priestess







Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.


Memorial Gift... 

In Memory of Lance Selvidge - I often wonder how things would be today if you were here.  We love you and miss you very much.  Little River Rock. 04-20-06


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham - We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever - Standing Bear.  Greg Gilliham 04-20-06


MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.


Crossing Over...


Luis Many Bears Bonet crossed over on March 7, into the spirit world from a heart attack. His family and friends were by his side continuously thorughout the four day vigil at the hospital.  His family will be announcing their plans for his funeral and ceremony soon, and I will follow their instructions with regard to contacting people. ~Corina Roberts 03-08-06 


Grandfather Tony White Wolf - Lakota Elder living in Australia.  A true man of peace who whispered from his heart. ~Lynn Smith 02-15-06


Victor Kishigo, leaves a legacy for tribal community. A strong business man, an advocate for his language and culture and a leader and mentor, Victor Simon Kishigo has left behind a legacy for his Northern Michigan community and fellow members of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians.  Full Story: ~Andre Cramblit 02-13-06


Chief Harold Lee Hicks, 59, of Bolivar, Missouri passed suddenly on Thursday, January 27, 2006 at Saint John's Hospital in Springfield. Chief Hicks was instrumental in the formation of the Water Hollow Band of Chickamauga Cherokees and was our first chief. He said many times that he hoped to live long enough to get the band on a solid foundation. He was successful in his efforts.  Harold was a big man in many ways. A loving husband, doting father and adoring grandfather, Harold's family was his life.  He always had a funny story to tell, and no one could remain depressed very long in his presence. His booming laughter will echo inside my head as long as I live.  He had a deep connection with his People, past and present. His fame as an arrowhead finder was legendary. While walking through the woods or an open field with friends, he would often shush the conversation claiming he'd "heard" an arrowhead. Unfailingly he would then walk a few feet, dig in the dirt and find one.  The last words he said to me were "I'll see you down the road, Old Girl." I can hardly wait.  His ashes will be scattered on Sacred land at a later date. ~Susan Bates, 02-01-06

Sickness and Injuries...

Elwood Plummer - Seriously ill in Eastern Kentucky.  He is a spiritual person and knows the need and power of petitions to the Great Spirit. Matthew P. Maley 4-29-06. 

Lee Standing Bear Moore - Recovering well from congestive heart failure after hospitalized and surgery at the VA hospital in Little Rock.  He is in great spirits and back in his bear lair offering his work with Manataka.  He thanks everyone for the many prayers and messages.  4/21/06

Dobby Sommer - Hip, knees, and ankles are serving with much pain.  High blood pressure.  Please pray for this gentle, loving soul.  04-17-06

Jo Somerset - elderly lady in England, suffering from cardiac problems and recently diagnosed with severe hypothyroidism. ~Juli 3-31-06

Bobby Joe Runninbear - Tennessee. Suffered a heart attack and is in the VA.  Was having irregular heart beats and they shocked his heart back to normal sinus rhythm......We can thank Creator for that and the prayers will do most.  I think his spirit is too strong to let his heart fail him and I'm grateful for that too.  Sandra BabblingBrook 03-27-06

Florence Thuot, 78,  in Deland, Florida -- Florence owns and operates Journey's End Animal Sanctuary (, the no-kill, no-cage refuge for special needs animals.  She has been blind in one eye for many years and was just told today that her remaining good eye not only has a cataract, but also advanced stage glaucoma.  Aggressive treatment has been started; the doctor said if she had waited another six months, she would definitely have lost her eyesight.  That is still a possibility, though we are optimistic.  Please pray that the treatment will be successful and her eyesight will be saved.  She has worked tirelessly for the animals (currently 200 of them) for over 30 years.  She is so deserving of only good things.  Many blessings and thanks... ~Juli Maltagliati 3-27-06

Mike Chumley of Russellville, AR - 2 toes amputated due to diabetes is back at work. Thanks for your prayers!  Cher Wilkinson 3/21/06

Henrietta Eagle Star DevereauxDiagnosed legally blind is getting much better. Sun Dancer Woman 3-20-06 

Henry Sidney Zack - Health is declining and admitted to home hospice.  Seeking a transition of peace, love, and grace. Liora Leah Zack 3/19/06

Robin Johnson - Portland, WA.  Age 15.  Hospitalized with serious infections.  Please pray for her.  Greta Holifield  03-15-06

Alan Fisher - Alan was released [from the hospital] last night - extremely high blood pressure.  Your energy, prayers, and good wishes came across loud and clear. ~Stella Fisher 03-03-06

Fernando Espinoza  - Taken ill in California, wife is Imogene.  Need of prayer.  They have children and they need our love, comfort and support through trying times.  Walked the path with us to fight the injustice of disenrollment that has divided our people.  Carla Foreman-Maslin 2-28-06

Amber - Her Mom died.  She is having a rough time with anger and grief.  Ruth King In the beautiful West Virginia Mountains 2-27-06

Linda & John James - Prayers are needed in abundance to acquire healing center near Manataka.  ~Linda James, 2-18-06 

Sharon Barnett - Has returned home after three days of testing for brain damage.  She sends thanks to all for their prayers. Love and prayers ~Ruth Mountain Wind Song 2-15-06

Hawk Hoffman - Suffering from debilitating arthritis pain. Please send him lots of prayers. ~2-14-06

Larry Irons - Still battling cancer.  Came back in his spine and right leg.  Very sick and on morphine in 4th stage of the disease. Walks only about 20 feet. ~Charles Irons 2-16-06

Helen B. Green Robinson - Head mother of the Indian Creek Band of the Chickamaug Creek and Cherokee Roundhouse.  Cancer of the Kidney. ~Chief James Billy Little Red Wolf Chance, 2-11-06

Roland Forest Walker King - I am a child of the Rainbow Family who has just given birth to a son, Roland Forest Walker King. We need healing and light for our family. We ask for your prayers and we send you our love. ~Shanon Heart, 2-10-06
Willow - 8 month-old baby. Muscles are not developing as they should. Need prayers ~ RedWing 2/01/06.


Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update.  We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 



APRIL 2006 Elder Council Meeting...


The April meeting was held on 19th and only three Elders were present -- therefore, no quorum was established and no business was conducted.  Jim PathFinder Ewing and Rick Wind Call-er were unable to travel.  Gayle Sexauer was in North Carolina for speaking engagements.



On the table for discussion:

The Spring Encampment - April 28-30

Asset Acquisition project - Manataka American Indian Village

MASELA (Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America) Project.

American Indian Spirituality Booklet.

Open seats on the Elder Council


Approved Motions: 



Rejected Motions:






Approved Committee Reports:

None -

Women’s Council

NAGPRA Committee

Public Relations

Website / Newsletter








NOTICE 1:    TWO ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS REMAIN OPEN:   The Education Elder position will concentrate on developing public school curriculum based on American Indian philosophy and coordinating presentations to schools, civic organizations and churches. The Treasurer position is now open due to a recent resignation. The position will require experience in bookkeeping and/or accounting.   


If you feel qualified for this position, please submit your information now. Read More  (Posted 03-01-06)


NOTICE 2:     ELDER COUNCIL POSITION FILLED.  Gayle "Texas Wind" Sexauer of Fayetteville, AR was recently appointed Public Relations Elder.  "Based on her excellent background, experience, wonderful disposition, strong ideals, and love of Manataka, the Elders of Manataka made a wise decision in selecting Gayle for this important position," said MAIC Chair, David Quiet Wind Furr.  (Posted 01-01-06)


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great.  (Posted 12-01-05)


NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant E. Grand.  


NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month. 


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or... Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or...


1.  Computer needed.  A larger mother board is needed for in-office workDonated.  

2.  Reams of ink jet paper
3.  Postage stamps
4.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

5.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

6.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.




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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas


Susan Bates, Missouri

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Elaine Nowell, Louisana

Corina Roberts, California

Rocky Mountain News, Colorado

Mariah Stevens - RedRoad Drums - Canada

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

Marilyn Vann, Oklahoma

Thomas D. Yarnell, Ph. D.




Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary
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