Manataka American Indian Council        Volume VII  Issue 2  February 2005




Web Site Updates 

Snow Dance Phenomena

2004 Nammy Awards - Vote Now!

Ralph Waldo Emerson's Letter

Elder Council Appointments

Grandmother Council Created

Message from Magdala & Mario

Tsunami - Belief in Animals

No More Fat Indian Food!

Shared Soul Relationships

A Glimpse Into the Past

Protect Endangered Grizzlies

The Black Drink...

Healing Prayer Basket 

Labels for Indian Education

Manataka Messages 






8,000 Sacred Drums Call For Earth Healing, Feb. 26


The Council of Elders and Guardians of the Otoma’a, Olmec, toltec, Teotihuacan Tradition International Indigenous University have issued a worldwide call The Indigenous Peoples, Nations, Communities and Organizations of the World and all Humankind for a Planetary Ceremony For the Healing of Mother Earth and Ensure Pace and Life, Feb. 26 and March 26, through 8,000 Sacred Drums.


With the vision of the Elders, Guardians of the Earth and the Ancestral Wisdom, we are dedicating our life for this great Planetary Harmonic Connection. In order to solidify this, it is required to unite all our energies full of love. Thank you for your blessings.





May 13 - 15

Gulpha Gorge Campgrounds, Hot Springs

No cost, except camping fee - No males of any age, please.

Becky Moore

Pat Carter - 501-760-1967



I.C.A. Needs Help Now!


The Institute for Cosmic Awareness (ICA) is a non-profit organization that sponsors alternative healers, annual drummers and singer’s gatherings,  quests to sacred sites,  holistic educational workshops, and the International Multi-cultural Gathering’s like Earth Dance.  ICA focuses on providing a safe and healthy environment for cultural exchange, healing, preserving sacred sites, bridging a gap between elders and children and returning to the natural world.

Earth Dance, now in its eighth year, provides a ceremonial and community experience of cultural diversity.  People have gathered from all over the world as they come together to share their stories, dance, song, and sacred ways in different parts of the U.S. and Mexico. Plans are in the works to bring the message of Earth Dance to other continents so that the knowledge of the Elders can be shared with Everyone!


Find out how you can help in 2005! Contact I.C.A. at: I.C.A. P.O. Box 1502 Cornville, AZ. 86325 / phone 928-646-3000, fax 928- 646-0299, or email: You may also check out Earth Dance at:






Beautiful Words


I Send You Light Brother & Sister Pursued Man-Eater
Children's Circle Creation Story - Aztec
Cherokee Medicine & Little People Ojibwa Traditional Stories I 

The Lonely Cherokee Maiden  

Seneca Traditional Stories I

The Out of Place Bear  

Seneca Traditional Stories II
Conservation Seneca Traditional Stories III
Sacred Bear Butte Threatened! Thompson River Traditional Stories
Elders Speak

Winnebago Traditional Stories I

A Message from Elene lxcot - Mayan

Winnebago Traditional Stories II


Winnebago Traditional Stories III

American Indian Children

Wintu Traditional Stories I
History Wintu Traditional Stories II
Abenanki Chiefs and Leaders  
Achomawi History Brief  
Acoma History Brief Trading Post - Art

Alabama History Brief

Woodland Warriors

Aleut Brief History

Trading Post - Teepees

Alsea History Brief

Manataka Teepees

Apache Chiefs and Leaders

Music - Trading Post

Apache History

Follow Your Heart CD

Arapaho History Brief

Wedding Ceremonies - 21 pages!

Arikara Tribe Brief History

Wedding Ceremonies



7th Annual Native American Music Awards


While you are voting, remember the name QUATISI!  She is nominated for Best Female Artist, Best Folk/Country Recording and Best Song/Single of the Year.  She is a wonderful friend of Manataka and a great artist!


The Nammys is the only recording industry awards program where the public vote - and their votes count!. 



Elder Council Appointments


The Elder Council met in closed session on January 16 to interview two candidates for appointment to the Elder Council.  


Betty Grand Mother Winter White Moon Frey of Flippin, Arkansas and Rick Wind Caller Porea were both unanimously elected to fulfill terms ending in June, 2006. 


Betty Grandmother Winter White Moon Frey

She is a country girl through and through.  Born and raised in the same home where she still lives today, Betty is a Cherokee descendent and Rainbow Warrior and her job is to use the wisdom and knowledge of the ancestors to help others to find Truth and bring them into the Creator's fold. Her teachings are basic, simple.  Her goal is to enhance faith and lead people to fulfillment. Betty has education and experience in the field of accounting and will take over duties of the Treasurer -- In this way White Moon will bring balance to the Elder Council in more ways than one.  "If I can help bring balance, that is using medicine in a good way..."  Members and guests to Manataka will find warmth, friendship and love in this pudgy, black-haired, always smiling woman.  (see Honoring Grandmother Winter White Moon)  


Rick Wind Call-er Porea 

Rick Wind Call-er Porea, 58, works in Little Rock and came to Arkansas from the Chesapeake Bay Region via several years in Florida.  His ancestry is unknown due to infant adoption, but he has been educated in the traditions of many Nations including Seneca, Lakota, Kiowa, Creek and (mostly) Cherokee.  Rick is a Vietnam-era Veteran serving four years in the Navy followed by several years as a civil servant and then a management consultant in Washington, DC.  He is currently a Gourd Dancer, a Men's Straight Dancer and has taught classes in American Indian Traditions in association with Ocali Nations Intertribal, Inc.

"Intertribal organizations are always difficult to operate because there is such a blend of cultures performing their Sacred Ceremonies in different ways.  In the interest of our future generations, we must find a way to live together productively and harmoniously for the good of MAIC, the Sacred Mountain, all Nations and the Seven Generations to come.  Being in right relation with Spirit is essential for this."

Manataka is pleased to welcome these two excellent members in good standing to the Elder Council.  Betty is a beautiful light and Rick is a wealth of information and presents a dignified warmth of spirit.  Welcome to the hot seat Rick and Betty!

Life is an Echo

A son and his father were walking in the mountains. Suddenly,his son falls, hurts himself and screams: "AAAhhhhhhhhhhh!!!"

To his surprise, hears the voice repeating, somewhere in the mountain: "AAAhhhhhhhhhhh!!!"

Curious, he yells: "Who are you?" He receives the answer: "Who are you?" Angered at the response, he screams: "Coward!"

He receives the answer: "Coward!"

He looks to his father and asks: "What's going on?" The father smiles and says: "My son, pay attention." And then he screams to the mountain: "I admire you!" The voice answers: "I admire you!" Again the man screams: "You are a champion!" The voice answers: "You are a champion!"

The boy is surprised, but does not understand. Then the father explains: "People call this echo, but really this is life. It gives you back everything you say or do. Our life is simply a reflection of our actions.

If you want more love in the world, create more love in your heart. If you want more competence in your team, improve your competence. This relationship applies to everything,in all aspects of life; life will give you back everything you have given to it."

~ Author Unknown

A Message From Magdala & Mario


Beautiful Ones,


This is the time for face ourselves, a time for embrace the knowledge and the spirit of being human, this is the time for put it on all the wisdom that we have reach,    This is a time when all human being needs to face the fear of love, the fear of unity, the fear of oneness, even the fear of your own greatness.  All life is sacred, all love is sacred, the time of the bonding is now, through the understanding of love, unity will be embrace, 

For thousands of years, the Great Spirit has sent so many messengers. All these messengers are alive today, in each of us.  All of the messages are complete now in all of us.  We have become the messenger and the message, this is the time for embracing and become one with the message.  

All love is possible, all understanding is possible when human being choose the light ways. Embrace then your own light, embrace then the love ways and the right of being human. 

By this understanding, lets put the heart in every single thing that we do, in every single action, using the knowledge, using the love that we have in our hearts. By the sacred presence of life and light in every single creature, we heal ourselves, and embrace ourselves and each other. Become the walker and the path. 

Lets go back to our ceremonies and put the heart on it, mind-heart together, no fear, just surrender to the spirit. 

I believe in human beings and I being a human.  Being human is becoming the connected with the Great spirit, and Great Spirit. 

I love you sooo, sooo, soo much!  I am you.

[Magdala has been working with the ancient knowledge of the feminine ways, warrior woman and Sacred Dance for 35 Years in the Maya and Aztec traditions. Mario is a Sundance pipe carrier and teaches the Aztec warrior ways.  He is also a Reiki Master and is a symbol of freedom and unity, a living bridge of the Union of Polaries.  Both have done many workshops and lectures in Mexico and the United States. ]


My New Year's Resolution: 

No More Fat 'Indian' Food!
by Suzan Shown Harjo / Indian Country Today

I promise to give up fat ''Indian'' food this year and to urge others to do the same.  


Target number one: the ubiquitous frybread - the junk food that's supposed to be traditional, but isn't, and makes for fat, fatter and fattest Indians.

Fry bread is bad for you? Well, let's see. It's made with white flour, salt, sugar and lard. The bonus ingredient is dried cow's milk for the large population of Native people who are both glucose and lactose intolerant.

Usually the size of a tortilla, frybread is an inch thick with a weight approaching a lead Frisbee. It's fried in grease that collects in the dimples of the bread, adding that extra five teaspoons of fat to the lining of the diner's arteries.

If frybread is not eaten at once, it turns into something with the consistency and taste of a deflated football. To make the recipe totally irresistible, it's topped off with margarine, jelly or some other plastic not found in nature.

Frybread was a gift of Western civilization from the days when Native people were removed from buffalo, elk, deer, salmon, turkey, corn, beans, squash, acorns, fruit, wild rice and other real food. 

Frybread is emblematic of the long trails from home and freedom to confinement and rations. It's the connecting dot between healthy children and obesity, hypertension, diabetes, dialysis, blindness, amputations and slow death.

If frybread were a movie, it would be hard-core porn. No redeeming qualities. Zero nutrition.

Frybread has replaced ''firewater'' as the stereotypical Indian staple in movie land. Well- meaning non-Indians take their cues from these portrayals of Indians as simple-minded people who salute the little grease bread and get misty-eyed about it.

''Where's the frybread'' is today's social ice-breaker, replacing the decade-long frontrunner, ''What did you think of 'Dances with Wolves'?''

But, frybread is so, so Indian. Yes, some people have built their Indian identity around the deadly frybread and will blanch at the very notion of removing it from their menu and conversation.

My heavens, how will the new and deculturalized Indians and wannabes ever relate to the Native people they are paid to consult with if they don't extol the virtues of frybread?

During the opening week of the National Museum of the American Indian's museum on the Mall, a reception for contemporary Native artists ended with a good Indian band's not so great
song, ''Frybread'', whose lyrics consist mainly of the title being repeated ad nauseum. When a non-Indian Smithsonian employee grabbed the microphone and brayed out, ''frybread, fryyyyyybread,'' the dignified artists and patrons ran for the nearest exits.

One Native artist, Steven Deo, is on a campaign to increase awareness about the danger of frybread and other so-called Indian foods. Deo, who is Euchee and Muscogee (Creek) and dances at the Duck Creek Grounds in Oklahoma, has made a poster with the image of the grease bread and the words ''Frybread Kills.''

''Frybread Kills'' is part of a series called ''Art for Indians.'' The series is ''specifically aimed at our Native American community,'' said Deo, ''to create a cognitive dialogue about ourselves and our socio-economic class.'' 

Deo's second poster depicts lard and other commodity foods. An equals sign follows the image, so that the message essentially reads: ''Commodities = public assistance = welfare.''

In economically impoverished Indian communities, the commodities were known initially as ''poor food'' and morphed into ''Indian food.''  There's even a name for the round, doughy physique that results from the high-starch, high-calorie, high-fat and low-protein food: ''Commod bod.''

In urban areas and on many reservations, the byproducts of commods have nearly overrun traditional foods. Even week-old bread and berry pies baked in Pueblo ovens are vastly superior to frybread on its best day, but they're running a distant second at pan-Indian events
in Pueblo country.

In great cultures, traditional bread stands for health, wellbeing and wealth, literally and figuratively. Traditional Native breads and foods stack up against any of the world's greatest.

Hopi piki, Muscogee sofkee and everyone's cornbread and tamales remind us why most Native people consider corn one of the highest gifts of creation.

The great Native cooks need only a few ingredients to make bread fit for a feast that is easy enough for daily fare:

Start with any fresh or dried base of pumpkin, wild onions, sage, sunflower seeds, walnuts, beans, green chiles, blueberries, huckleberries, sweet potato, pinon, camas, yucca or anything the cook likes to cook.

Add water and arrowroot, cornmeal, maple sap or any indigenous  thickener and stir to the desired consistency. Make into any pleasing shape you want.

Sun dry or boil, smoke, grill or steam over juniper ash, seaweed, mesquite, shucks, peanut or pecan shells, driftwood or anything that's handy and tasty.

Prepare to see some smiles. While we're at it, let's resolve to throw out all the civilization-
era food in our kitchens. You know what to do with any Indian ''maidens'' or ''princesses'' or ''chiefs'' or ''braves'' on butter, honey, jerky or any products where the profits don't go to
Native people. If they are Native-made products with stereotypical, cheesy images, give them a toss and let the Native manufacturers know they can and should do better.

The next time you find yourself swallowing some leftover news du jour or get that suicidal urge for frybread, just slather lard all over the magazine or television listing and apply it directly to your midriff and backside. That way, you can have the consequence of the rotten stuff, without having to actually digest it.

Suzan Shown Harjo, Cheyenne and Hodulgee Muscogee, is president of the Morning Star Institute in Washington, D.C., and a columnist for Indian Country Today.

Indian Country Today


By Rodney Wibgui Mgeso Russell

Let us take a glimpse into the past by briefly considering just two New England sites that portray our rich Indian heritage.

First of all, the Maine State Museum in Augusta, Maine.  Among its many exhibits is one entitled "Twelve Thousand Years in Maine" which sets forth a summary of the state's past archaeological history. There are more than 2,000 artifacts and specimens dating from the end of the ice age to the 1800's.

The pioneering work of Moorehead and others in placing New England archaeology on a solid scientific foundation is also seen through countless photographs and excerpts from their personal writings.

This past June, my wife and I took our grandson Leif on a tour of the facility. At the time I was working with him on his Indian Lore merit badge for his Boy Scout program.

A second area that proved especially interesting was the Mount Kearsarge Indian Museum in Warner, New Hampshire. Although closed during the winter months, it has an active calendar of activities during the rest of the year.

Trail markers beside a path through the woods identify plants used by our Indians for food and medicine in earlier times. Nearby is a restored medicine man's hut.  In Western Abenaki language the word would be ''medawlinno-i-gamiqw" - the house of the shaman.  

At one end of their vast lawn was a garden of such native crops such as corn (skamonal), squash (wasawal), and beans (adebakwal). Of course, these are often referred to as "the three sister crops." According to the guide, the seeds for those garden vegetables had come originally from seed used by the Anasazi people of northern New Mexico and Arizona.

My knowledge of Western Abenaki terms comes from more than twelve years of concentrated study with thirteen different native speakers of the dialect. For anyone interested in such an endeavor the following guides would be most helpful: Joseph Laurent, New Familiar Abenakis and English Dialogues, 1884; the Western Abenaki Dictionary by Gordon M. Day published in 1995. This work is published in two volumes.

The oral tradition of our New Hampshire Indians asserts that the original bean and corn seeds had been carried by crows (mkazasak) from the Southwest to our ''White Mountain State". That is why-this bird (sips) has always been considered sacred by the Western Abenaki and Pennacooks of our "Granite State", instead of killing them,, some of the people would stay in the fields to protect the young plants until they were sprouted and large enough to no longer be in danger of being pulled up by the crows. Later those same "guardians of the corn crop" would keep watch and prevent such wild animals as raccoons from devouring the mature ears of corn.

A number of placards with the wise sayings of early Indian leaders were scattered around the grounds with food for thought.  Two are set forth here: 

The old Lakota was wise. He knew that man's heart, away from nature, becomes hard: he knew that lack of respect for growing, living things soon led to lack of respect for humans too. So he kept his youth close to its softening influence."  -Chief Luther Standing Bear

"Behold, my brothers, the spring has come; The earth has received the embraces of the sun And we shall soon see the results of that love I Every seed is awakened and so has all animal life. It is through this mysterious power that we too have our being And we therefore yield to our neighbors Even our animal neighbors, The same right as ourselves to inhabit this land." - Sitting Bull

May we ever be ready to learn from the wisdom that has been passed down to us.

by Rodney Wibgui Mgeso Russell

The Black Drink...

Ever wonder how prehistoric man survived without coffee? Millions of Americans depend on a morning cup of coffee to jump-start their day.  Florida’s own Timucua Indians had something just as good - the Black Drink.  It came from a plant called Yaupon Holly, in Latin - llex vomitoria. How could a plant with a name like that rival modern coffee?

Yaupon holly is one of the few plants native to North America that contains the all important ingredient: caffeine. This is concentrated in the leaves when they are first growing in the spring. The Timucuas collected these leaves and roasted them (as we roast coffee beans today) to increase the caffeine’s solubility in hot water. Yaupon usually grows in coastal areas, so local Timucuas traded the leaves inland for valuables including chert (raw material for projectile points) and clay (raw material for pottery).

Yaupon provided more than just trade value. Due to its chemical properties, it served an important cultural role. Caffeine is a diuretic; it helps you sweat. In the Timucua belief structure, this sweating allowed the drinker to remove physical and spiritual impurities from his system. Only adult men could partake of the black drink. These men sipped at the black drink in morning gatherings while they discussed things of importance. Sound familiar?

But there were other uses of the black drink that stemmed from its emetic properties. If you drink several cups of any hot liquid quickly, especially a caffeinated hot liquid, you’re going to get sick. The Timucuas used this as an extreme form of purification. If the men were going on a very important hunt or to battle, they needed a lot of luck. Finding luck required them to be ritually pure. So the men chugged the black drink and vomited profusely or struggled to hold it down. . After that, they were so wired from the caffeine that they often succeeded in their endeavors. Would three cups of coffee before a big presentation work the same magic for us?

This evergreen holly tree is widespread in coastal Florida. Its tiny wavy-edged leaves and red berries make it a popular choice as an ornamental. At SJRPP’s E. Dale Joyner Nature Preserve, these hollies are common near the marsh edges. School groups and other visitors learn about the black drink right in front of the tree.

Submitted with thanks to Jim Path Finder Ewing

Puyallup Need Help...

Labels for Indian Education

The Labels for Education programs trades labels from specific products for educational equipment (PCs, AV-equipment, etc.).  The Puyallup Tribal School, Chief Leschi, is a participant in the program.
There's an extra need for labels now due to the recent earthquake in Washignton State.  The tribal headquarters building has been red-tagged and the infra-structure of the tribe is scrambling to find places to get back into business.  This is particularly significant because the building itself is one that was 'occupied' by the Puyallup and was the beginning of rebuilding our land base.  It had first been an Indian hospital...a four-story brick monster. Then it became a TB hospital and later Cascadia...a juvenile jail.  Washington State decided it was too costly to operate and maintain and decided to sell it.  As it had been Puyallup trust land and was given up (?) to become an indian hospital, the Puyallup people decided they wanted it back.  It took occupying it to do so.  We used it originally as tribal offices and our first tribal school.  The building was in such bad shape, that eventually the school portion was condemned. We now have a great new school building, but are terribly short on basic equipment and furnishings.  With the tribal building now red-tagged due to the earthquake, we both grieve the loss of this symbol...old and decrepit as it was...and the enormous task of what to do now.  FEMA will not help in repairs or removal (remember, we're talking a huge four-story brick former hospital).  The cost for the tribe to remove and rebuild is out of the question.  Having such a small land base, we're going to have to lease space.  All this means, is less monies going to support tribal services...such as the school.
So, if you have any of the labels I've listed below hanging about your house, please consider sending them to Tami Cooper, Chief Leschi Schools, 5625 52nd St. E., Puyallup, WA  98371.  These labels WILL make a difference.
Cambells:  All soups, tomato juice and recipe mixes.
Pepperidge Farm:  Breads, croutons, rolls, stuffing, cookies, goldfish, snack mixes, frozen garlic breads, cakes, turnovers, dumplings & puff pastry.
Swanson:  Broths and poultry.
V8:  vegetable jice, Splash, Healthy Request vegetable juice
Franco-American: Gravies, Speghettio's and pasta
Prego:  Pasta sauces
Pace:  Salsa, picante & Picante ConQueso and food service products
General Mills: Box Tops for Education (on lots of cereal boxes, etc.)

Storm Reyes

When asked by an anthropologist what the Indian called America before the white man came, an Indian simply said, "Ours" - from Vine Deloria

Snowdance Phenomena Sweeps Western Ski Areas -
"Skiers Can Thank Tribes for Snow at LA Ski Dazzle Show!"

"I'd like the thank the tribes if they are responsible for this early fluke snow storm that dumped two to four feet in the San Bernadino Mountains, and put them on our staff," announced Fritz Coleman, KNBC LA's weatherman. " I made a few calls and found the tribes were at the bottom of it. And on Saturday, Dec. 4, at the LA Ski Dazzle Show at their Convention Center (1201 South Figueroa St), skiers have a chance to thank the Southern California tribes... for the ceremony that brought economic lifting snow to the mountain communities," reported Olympic skier, Suzy Chaffee, the tribal event host.

Rene Doctor, a Tahitian married to Louis Doctor (Navajo/Dine), who was a part of the ceremony, told Chaffee that, "At dawn on November 15, members of Chumash on Mt Wilson and other tribes, like the Cabizon, praying independently, and as well as an Abenaki and Lakota, united with the other brilliant colors of humanity - Whites, Blacks, and Yellow - totaling 200, and performed a Big Bear Medicine Wheel Ceremony, singing sacred prayer songs in the eight cardinal points encircling the San Bernadinos, with Big Bear at the center."

"Following the devastating fires last year, the purpose," said ceremonial leader, Bennie LeBeau (Shoshone), "was to help the drought-ridden region, especially the trees and springs. Lakota Kim Langbecker, who brought the Bushmen of the Kalahari, LeBeau and the Big Bear Community together at a September "Journey of the Heart Gathering" there. "I honor the White People of the Big Bear Community for doing most the work to inspire these snow blessings," said LeBeau.

The LA show is the finale of a national "Salute To America's First Caretakers" at Ski & Snowboard Shows/Expos in Denver, Seattle, and Sacramento. In appreciation for the ski areas sharing the skiing with tribal youth, their spiritual leaders have led snowdances in each of those regions, which resulted in some of the best early snow in America ever! This year, California's snow, ("thanks to Creator," say tribes), both in the San Bernadinos and Mammoth, (first to have a Native ski program in schools), has been the most abundant and early.

At Saturday's ski show presentations at 12:30 p.m. and 4:30 p.m., a united group of some of Southern California's most magnificent dancers, singers, drummers (many skiers), representing the San Manuel and Pala Tribes, as well as Shoshone and Doctor's Rock Pine Drum, led by Akima Castenada (Coastal Band Chumash), along with LaBeau, will share their earth-honoring dances and sustainable wisdom. This dream of partnering ski areas with California's First Caretakers, came out of Chaffee's honoring Akima (and Santa Barbara) last April, for being a father of Earth Day as a junior high school student. A star on "Dr Quinn Medicine Woman" and California Ventures' "Golden Dreams" story of the First Californians with Whoopie Goldberg, Castenada became NVF's West coast leader, hoping to inspire the same gracious opportunities for tribal youth here. Ski areas have been call "models" of the President's Healthier US Initiative on behalf of the Indian Country, by Indian press, which Native Voices Foundation (NVF) was chosen to spearheaded.

Leading LA's Salute to "California's First Caretakers" will be a team of "Environmental Champions," led by Gary Petersen of BioConverter, who is exploring a collaboration between Governor Arnold's Hydrogen Highway and the California Tribes, including discussions with fellow saluter William F. Cody (Blackfeet), a descendent of Buffalo Bill. Penny McCoy, (Chaffee's Olympic teammate), now a Mammoth Mountain owner and author, will also be speaking from the heart, and signing her eye opening book, "Winning is Everything, But..." Plus there may be surprise salutes by other eco activist stars as well as Olympians, who want to coach Native kids in skiing and all sports, including at the San Diego Olympic Training Center, announced Passadena-based Olympic Alumni Association President John Naber at the Utah Games.

This Ski Show Tour happened thanks to Olympic skier Billy Kidd (Abenaki) who suggested that Chaffee, NVF co-founder, organize a Ute snow ceremony at last year's Denver Expo in appreciation to ten Colorado ski communities for sharing skiing/boarding with their tribes. Many "snow farmers," like Aspen, were blessed with up to 15 feet of economic-lifting snow, which made believers out of over 100 U.S. ski areas who want to Salute their first Americans this season.

This translated into NVF's heart-warming Thanksgiving world announcement that U.S. Ski Areas are welcoming their tribes back to over a quarter million acres of their beloved, exquisite ancestral mountains to ski and snowboard. "This partnership with the tribes is strengthening the future of skiing and helping keep 'winters cool,'" said Michael Berry, President of the National Ski Areas Association, who authored their "Sustainable Slopes" ski program.

Another bulletin: "I just came from the Laguna and Acoma Puebos, where they were expressing gratitude for the snow blessings that are lifting their drought-challenged lands and ski areas in Arizona and New Mexico, " said Coleen Lloyd (Cherokee), designer of the hot Native American "Homeland Security" t-shirt.

"The tribes, especially youth, are thrilled with Ski Dazzle producers Judy Gray and Jim Foster are making this an "awesome" celebration by offering complimentary ski show tickets to tribal members at "will call" on Salute Saturday," said Chaffee. NVF's Salute is made possible by the Paiute Tribe (near Mammoth), "Mercury in Retrograde" documentary producers (free mercury testing at NVF booth near climbing wall), NUTIVA (nutritional hemp alternative to fish), Crystal Springs Golf Resort & Spa (near NYC), TPTs/ T-shirts, and SweetLeaf Stevia (discovered by Brazilian tribes, keeping much of world lean and diabetes free).

For more information: 970-404-0687


Ralph Waldo Emerson's Letter. . .
To Martin Van  Buren President of the United States

The seat you fill  places you in a relation of credit and nearness to every citizen. By right and  natural position, every citizen is your friend. Before any acts contrary to his  own judgment or interest have repelled the affections of any man, each may look  with trust and living anticipation to your government. Each has the highest  right to call your attention to such subjects as are of a public nature, and  properly belong to the chief magistrate; and the good magistrate will feel a joy  in meeting such confidence. In this belief and at the instance of a few of my  friends and neighbors, I crave of your patience a short hearing for their  sentiments and my own: and the circumstances that my name will be utterly  unknown to you will only give the fairer chance to your equitable construction  of what I have to say.  

Sir, my communication respects the sinister rumors  that fill this part of the country concerning the Cherokee people. The interest  always felt in the aboriginal population – an interest naturally growing as that  decays – has been heightened in regard to this tribe. Even in our distant State  some good rumor of their worth and civility has arrived. We have learned with  joy their improvement in the social arts. We have read their newspapers. We have  seen some of them in our schools and colleges. In common with the great body of  the American people, we have witnessed with sympathy the painful labors of these red men to redeem their own race from the doom of eternal inferiority, and to borrow and domesticate in the tribe the arts and customs of the Caucasian race.

And notwithstanding the unaccountable apathy with which of late years the Indians have been sometimes abandoned to their enemies, it is not to be doubted  that it is the good pleasure and the understanding of all humane persons in the  Republic, of the men and the matrons sitting in the thriving independent families all over the land, that they shall be duly cared for; that they shall  taste justice and love from all to whom we have delegated the office of dealing  with them. 

The newspapers now inform us that, in December, 1835, a treaty  contracting for the exchange of all the Cherokee territory was pretended to be made by an agent on the part of the United States with some persons appearing on  the part of the Cherokees; that the fact afterwards transpired that these deputies did by no means represent the will of the nation; and that, out of  eighteen thousand souls composing the nation, fifteen thousand six hundred and sixty-eight have protested against the so-called treaty. It now appears that the government of the United States choose to hold the Cherokees to this sham treaty, and are proceeding to execute the same. Almost the entire Cherokee Nation stand up and say, “This is not our act. Behold us. Here are we. Do not mistake that handful of deserters for us;” and the American President and the Cabinet, the Senate and the House of Representatives, neither hear these men nor  see them, and are contracting to put this active nation into carts and boats, and to drag them over mountains and rivers to a wilderness at a vast distance beyond the Mississippi. As a paper purporting to be an army order fixes a month from this day as the hour for this doleful removal. 

In the name of God, sir,  we ask you if this be so. Do the newspapers rightly inform us? Man and women  with pale and perplexed faces meet one another in the streets and churches here,  and ask if this be so. We have inquired if this be a gross misrepresentation  from the party opposed to the government and anxious to blacken it with the  people. We have looked at the newspapers of different parties and find a horrid  confirmation of the tale. We are slow to believe it. We hoped the Indians were  misinformed, and that their remonstrance was premature, and will turn out to be  a needless act of terror. The piety, the principle that is left in the United  States, if only in its coarsest form, a regard to the speech of men, forbid us  to  entertain it as a fact. Such a dereliction of all faith and virtue, such a  denial of justice, and such deafness to screams for mercy were never heard of in  times of peace and in the dealing of a nation with its own allies and wards,  since the earth was made. Sir, does this government think that the people of the  United States are become savage and mad? From their mind are the sentiments of  love and a good nature wiped clean out? The soul of man, the justice, the mercy that is the heart’’ heart in all men, from Maine to Georgia, does abhor this business.

In speaking thus the sentiments of my neighbors and my own, perhaps  I overstep the bounds of decorum. But would it not be a higher indecorum coldly  to argue a matter like this? We only state the fact that a crime is projected that confounds our understanding by its magnitude, a crime that really deprives us as well as the Cherokees of a country for how could we call the conspiracy that should crush these poor Indians our government, or the land that was cursed  by their parting and dying imprecations our country, any more? You, sir, will  bring down that renowned chair in which you sit into infamy if your seal is set  to this instrument of perfidy; and the name of this nation, hitherto the sweet  omen of religion and liberty, will stink to the world. 

You will not do us the  injustice of connecting this remonstrance with any sectional and party feeling.  It is in our hearts the simplest commandment of brotherly love. We will not have  this great and solemn claim upon national and human justice huddled aside under  the flimsy plea of its being a party act.  

Sir, to us the questions upon which  the government and the people have been agitated during the past year, touching  the prostration of the currency and of trade, seem but motes in comparison.  These hard times, it is true, have brought the discussion home to every  farmhouse and poor man’s house in this town; but it is the chirping of  grasshoppers beside the immortal question whether justice shall be done by the  race of civilized to the race of savage man, whether all the attributes of  reason, of civility, of justice, and even of mercy, shall be put off by the  American people, and so vast an outrage upon the Cherokee Nation and upon human  nature shall be consummated.  One circumstance lessens the reluctance with  which I intrude at this time on your attention my conviction that the government  ought to be admonished of a new historical fact, which the discussion of this  question has disclosed, namely, that there exists in a great part of the  Northern people a gloomy diffidence in the moral character of the  government.  On the broaching of this question, a general expression of  despondency, of disbelief that any good will accrue from a remonstrance on an  act of fraud and robbery, appeared in those men to whom we naturally turn for  aid and counsel. Will the American government steal? Will it lie? Will it kill?   

We ask triumphantly. Our counselors and old statesmen here say that ten years  ago they would have staked their lives on the affirmation that the proposed  Indian measures could not be executed; that the unanimous country would put them down.  And now the steps of this crime follow each other so fast, at such fatally quick time, that the millions of virtuous citizens, whose agents the government are, have no place to interpose, and must shut their eyes until  the last howl and wailing of these tormented villages and tribes shall afflict the ear of the  world.  

I will not hide from you, as an indication of the alarming distrust,  that a letter addressed as mine is, and suggesting to the mind of the Executive the plain obligations of man, has a burlesque character in the apprehensions of some of my friends. I, sir, will not beforehand treat you with the contumely of  this distrust. I will at least state to you this fact, and show you how plain  and humane people, whose love would be honor, regard the policy of the government, and what injurious inferences they draw as to the minds of the governors. A man with your experience in affairs must have seen cause to appreciate the futility of opposition to the moral sentiment. However feeble the sufferer and however great the oppressor, it is in the nature of things that the blow should recoil upon the aggressor. For God is in the sentiment, and it cannot be withstood. The potentate and the people perish before it; but with it, and its executor, they are omnipotent.  

I write thus, sir, to inform you of  the state of mind these Indian tidings have awakened here, and to pray with one  voice more that you, whose hands are strong with the delegated power of fifteen  millions of men, will avert with that might the terrific injury which threatens  the Cherokee tribe.  With great respect, sir, I am your fellow  citizen,

Ralph Waldo Emerson

January Reprint


"We honor our grandmothers for their knowledge, strength of spirit and the 'great beauty way' they bring to Manataka," said Charles 'Doc' Davidson, interim chair during his motion to create a new body within MAIC.  The motion received the unanimous approval of the Elder Council.  

Four leading grandmothers were also nominated to establish the new group, each to represent one of the four sacred directions.  Jocelyn Von Grund of Russellville, Dottie Little White Dove Furr of Hot Springs, Helen Red Wing Vinson of Memphis, and Judy White Feather Filmore have accepted positions. 

Sharon Kamama Baugh, past chairwoman and founder of the Women's Council was also honored as the "Most Honored Grandmother".  

Each woman was praised for their teaching skills, dedication and work for Manataka, and love for American Indian ways. 

The Grandmothers Council will advise the Elder Council in all matters of importance, but will not have a formal vote (who could refuse to listen?).  They will guide other MAIC groups in their activities and counsel with members and their families. The Grandmothers will decide their own projects, if any, and will serve in positions of honor during all Manataka ceremonies and events.  

"This is a very positive and traditional way to provide the people with the wisdom of our beautiful grandmothers.  It is also a way where we can continually honor those who have given so much," said Lee Standing Bear Moore.

Tsunami Adds to Belief in Animals´ ´Sixth Sense´

JOHANNESBURG (Reuters) - Wild animals seem to have escaped the Indian Ocean tsunami, adding weight to notions they possess a "sixth sense" for disasters, experts said Thursday.

Sri Lankan wildlife officials have said the giant waves that killed tens of thousands of people along the Indian Ocean island´s coast seemingly missed wild beasts, with no dead animals found.

"No elephants are dead, not even a dead hare or rabbit. I think animals can sense disaster. They have a sixth sense. They know when things are happening," H.D. Ratnayake, deputy director of Sri Lanka´s Wildlife Department, said Wednesday.

The waves washed floodwaters up to 2 miles inland at Yala National Park in the ravaged southeast, Sri Lanka´s biggest wildlife reserve and home to hundreds of wild elephants and several leopards. "There has been a lot of anecdotal evidence about dogs barking or birds migrating before volcanic eruptions or earthquakes. But it has not been proven," said Matthew van Lierop, an animal behavior specialist at Johannesburg Zoo.

"Wildlife seem to be able to pick up certain phenomenon, especially birds ... there are many reports of birds detecting impending disasters," said Clive Walker, who has written several books on African wildlife.

Animals certainly rely on the known senses such as smell or hearing to avoid danger such as predators.
The notion of an animal "sixth sense" -- or some other mythical power -- is an enduring one

The Romans saw owls as omens of impending disaster and many ancient cultures viewed elephants as sacred animals endowed with special powers or attributes.

[Editor's Note: American Indians have known for thousands of years that animals, birds, fish and even insects have special gifts of the Creator.  People of the world might well follow our lead and start listening to our cousins and Mother Earth.]


by Tamarack Song

In a Shared Soul Relationship, one does not Make Love to someone. Love is a shared experience — it is made with someone. I also stress the fact that it is made—it is co-creation.

The process of co-creating breaks down the distinction between self and other. When flour and yeast join, they become bread. This absorption of self into other gives rise to ecstasy. Like the smell of fresh-baked bread wafting through the house, the ecstasy of Matedness carries through to all aspects of shared life. How could it not—how can one not be in a kind, Honorable, Blissful place when one is continually Making Love?

This Relationship-of-the-Now is self-fulfilling and self-nourishing. In the words of my Mate, "To carry you Within me So Poignantly that the ache and the soothing of the ache, the yearning and its fulfillment, the thirst and the water, all exist side by side." This is possible in a Shared Soul Relationship because we are In Love with that which we are not. Yeast and flour are quite different from each other, and yet they are magic to each other. That which is different than us brings us perpetual newness and challenge. Therein lies fulfillment. Therein lies Ecstasy.

If we were to Love someone just like us, i.e. that which we already are, we would be enacting Love of self. That would give us nothing new, only a mirror, a clone. Yeast mixes well with yeast, and yet we have only yeast.

– from Matedness: Two Hearts, One Fire by Tamarack Song

See more from Tamarack Song at 


Speak Out to Protect Yellowstone's Endangered Grizzly Bears!


While grizzly bears slumber through the coldest and shortest days of winter, Wyoming's Game and Fish Department is developing a grizzly management plan that would shrink the area where bears can roam freely outside Yellowstone National Park and increase the number of bears that may be killed each year. When completed, the plan will be incorporated in the Bush administration's proposal to remove, or "delist," the Yellowstone grizzly from the endangered species list next year.

Premature delisting would allow grizzly bears to be hunted in the three states around Yellowstone, and permit energy and other development that would destroy their habitat. Today only 1000-1500 grizzlies survive in the lower 48 states, a 99 percent reduction of their former numbers.

The Yellowstone grizzly already suffers from excessive killing by humans, in Wyoming, mostly from avoidable causes such as habituation to garbage and encounters with big game hunters. Wyoming's proposal to allow more grizzlies to be killed would only exacerbate current bear mortality problems. In addition, in the future the bears will need more, not less, Wyoming wilderness habitat to compensate for the projected loss of other habitat resulting from diseases in key native foods and from energy production, rural sprawl and other development.

The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is accepting comments on its proposed plan
through January 14th.

What to do

Tell the Wyoming Game and Fish Department not to reduce Yellowstone's grizzly
habitat or allow more bears to be killed.

Contact information

You can send an official comment directly from NRDC's Earth Action Center at Or use the contact information and sample letter
below to send your own message.

Wyoming Game and Fish Department
Att'n: Grizzly Bear Occupancy Plan
5400 Bishop Road
Cheyenne, WY 82006-0001

Sample letter
Subject:  Draft Wyoming Grizzly Occupancy Plan

Dear Wyoming Game and Fish Department,

I urge the state of Wyoming to allow grizzlies to freely use all suitable remaining wildland habitat in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, including the Wyoming and Wind River ranges. In the future these lands, which contain ample bear foods and are remote from people, will be increasingly important to the grizzly to compensate for the anticipated loss of key foods from disease and from energy and other development. As the state with the largest share of
remaining habitat for Yellowstone's grizzlies, Wyoming has an especially important role in the survival of this species, which serves as a barometer of the health of the whole ecosystem.

I also urge you to maintain current limits on grizzly mortalities rather than increasing them. Wyoming should redouble its efforts to reduce bear deaths caused by careless handling of garbage and big game hunting. The state also should develop community teams to resolve human/bear conflicts and reduce bear deaths. These measures would go a long way to ensuring the safety and well-being of bears and people alike.

Until these steps are taken and grizzly numbers increase, with bears occupying suitable habitat in Yellowstone and lands between grizzly ecosystems in the lower 48 states and Canada, I oppose removing their endangered species protections.

Wyoming is critical to the fate of the grizzly bear, a wilderness icon and symbol of the West. The state's actions will affect not just the bear, but also people from around the country and the world who cherish the wildlife and wildlands in and around America's oldest national park.


[Your name and address]


News Clips...




[WHITE BUFFALO RANCH, ARIZONA] 12/20/05] It's a full house at the White Buffalo Ranch, located 20 miles northeast of Flagstaff on Highway 180, where six white buffalo are waiting out a snowy winter. Their owners and caretakers, Jim and Dena Riley, will probably not be waiting with them. After three hard years toiling to turn the five-acre spread they bought in 2001 into a recreational attraction for visitors wanting to see the buffalo, the Riley have reluctantly decided to sell the ranch and the animals. The property went on the market New Year's Day. The Year 2004 was not a good one for the Rileys. Dena was in a major car accident in April and almost died. Potential buyers for the ranch or the herd should call local realtor Portia Ryan at 928-699-5032.


Beautiful Words...


There Once Was A Little Girl

By Sam Farnsworth


There once was a little girl

With bright blue eyes and

Dark brown hair

Who lived on a farm

With out any cares


She loved the trees,
Mountains , streams
And bears

All the animals she loved with care

For she was a princess
Oh so fair
This little girl       
With blue eyes and brown hair !

Now this little girl so lovely and fair
Loved to walk in the woods without any care
Her mother would worry when she was there
Because she loved her so and yes she was kind of scared
For you never know what you might find
Out in the woods at any time

But she need not have worried because you see
The little people are there to watch over you and me
Now the little girl did not know that they were watching her
In the woods so close and dear
Tell the day it happened that she got lost and became very scared
For it was getting dark and she could not find her way
And she needed her mommy to keep her warm and safe

Shivering and cold she started to cry
And fell a sleep in the night
On the ground full of fright

Her mother found her sometime later
Warm and cozy covered with leaves
And flowers in her hair

Little foot prints were all around
And the little people stood by until she was found

Now this did not stop the little girl  
From going into the woods to play
For she was back there right away
But she never forgot that offal day
When she got lost while she played

Then one day she walked along
Quite as a mouse and she saw
The little people playing out side on a log
When they saw her they all disappeared
But the little girl was not even scared
She called to them with out any fear
Until they finally did reappear

She tried to tell others what she saw
But the grown ups wouldn't believe her at all
Even the other children her own age
They only laughed and called her names

And as she got older she was not sure
That she really did see them, things just weren't that clear

But she can not forget them or what she saw
The little people, the fairies ; she did love them all

They were her friends when she was young
And they did play together and have fun

Now just so you know
Once you have seen them they will not go
They will stay with you always and be your friends
For you must be special to have seen them

For even though you are grown and have forgotten me
I was one of those who played in your trees

And believe it or not you are still special to me.

 Sam White Eagle


Lolla - daughter of Diane Brown recently hospitalized with serious bleeding problems at Lake Mead hospital in Las Vegas, NV.   Prayers needed for Lolla and granddaughter Julisa -- a troubled young lady. Submitted by Red Wing Vinson.  

Megan Holden - I am trying to make sense of a death of a young girl from our store. She was abducted from our store and they found her dead along interstate 20 in Stanton, Texas. She was wonderful young girl and a good friend of mine. I would like anyone in lodge also to be able to send her name in prayerful smoke. - Cheryl  Submitted by Red Wing Vinson

Brian Goodson - Bear's been praying for him daily for three weeks but needs yours too. Submitted by Ruth King.

Pray for the Horses - Ventura County, CA.  We have had HORRIBLE rain storms.  Flooding threatened horses livestock in this rain-soaked area.  Prayers went up from Manataka and the rain stopped. Teresa  & Jay.  Submitted by Juli Maltagliati.

Kelle Ammerman - Young lady diagnosed with fast spreading cancer.  Submitted by Juli Maltagliati

Marian Dunn of Smyrna, TN suffered a severe stroke. Remember her in your prayers.  - Helen Red Wing Vinson.

James Greason - Suffered with stroke.  Prayers from Manataka has him healed and back to work.

Sheila Grandmother Wolf Pierce - Back was broken in an auto accident. Now walking a bit but needs prayers.

Amanda Smiddy - daughter of Memi K. Smiddy involved in car accident and in great pain. 

Bobby Powell - friend of Kimberly Stronczek stricken with crippling arthritis.

Rebecca Douglas Niece of Leo and Flora Causey has cancer.

Qua Ti Si Monahon Recent surgery with TMJ.

Frances McAdams:  Hospitalized with cancer.

Alida Baker:  Mother of Henrietta EagleStar.  Getting much better, now having more problems.  
Larry Zink Hota Irons - Michigan:  Diagnosed with cancer. 
Sharon Kamama Baugh - Arkansas:  Diagnosed with cancer. Doing much better after surgery. Sharon was chair of the Manataka Women's Council for many years and is now enjoys Most Honored Grandmother status.

Mother of Charles Lone Wolf Black:  Diagnosed with cancer.  Holding up well.

Tommie Love  A 4 years old who doctors give no prognosis - diagnosed with 2 large brain tumors  - untreatable at Barnes Children's Hospital of St Louis. I ask for prayers for her healing and prayers for her family. From Alison Klose



NOTICE 1:     CHRISTMAS MAY BE OVER....BUT  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. 



Call 501-627-0555 to volunteer for the April 22-24 Encampment and the September Powwow.  The job is tough but FUN!! 



Always on the 3rd Sunday of each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant.  


NOTICE 4:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.   Contact: Judy White Feather Filmore


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Now you can pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or...


1.  Reams of ink jet paper
2.  Postage stamps
3.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids

4.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a 

     cultural center. Any size or location is acceptable. Certain 

     tax benefits may apply.

5.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory 

     and send a tax deductible contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a 

     beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.

TO UNSUBSCRIBE:  Simply click the reply button and type 'UNSUBSCRIBE' in the subject line and send.  

Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476