Manataka American Indian Council                                   Volume XVII  Issue 05  May 2011




Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow



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Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: ----- Cyclone Woman
Feature Story:: ----- Soul Wound: The Legacy of Native American Schools
 Guest Editorial: ----- The Bacterium That (Almost) Ate the World

Letters to the Editor:


April Letters to the Editor
Endangered Earth: ----- Polar Bear Sacrifice to Big Oil Proposed
Organic Consumers: ----- UN: Organic Ag Can Double Food Production in 10 Years
Elder's Meditations: ----- Haida Gwaii Traditional Circle of Elders
Women's Council News: ----- American Indian Women's Activism in the 1960s and 1970s
Earth Medicine: -----

Newly Developed Functional Superfood

Fluoride: ----- The Fluoride Deception

Animal Rights and Wrongs:


One Year After BP Spill: Deadly Toll on Gulf Wildlife

Sacred Sites:


Yaqui Remains Returned from New York Museum



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Cyclone Woman

An Alsea Legend


Once there lived an old woman with five children.  All were boys, and only one was a girl.  They kept on growing, and when they attained adolescence they told their mother,  "We are going to travel all over the world."


"What are you going to do?"  asked the old woman.


"Oh, we will do all sorts of things."


"I think,"  said the old woman,  "you won't be able to do anything when you go.  What do you imagine you could do?"


"Oh, we can play shinny; we can also play the guessing game, and we can dance a great deal."


Finally the old woman said,  "Very well, you may go.  But you must take your younger sister with you."  The boys eagerly agreed to do this.


Then the old woman spoke to her daughter,  "You will accompany your older brothers and watch over them carefully, so that no one harms them anywhere.     Here, take this stick along.  You will use it as a powerful magic."  The old woman repeatedly told her daughter this.


Finally they started out.  They soon came to a river, and were inhabitant spoke to them in the following manner,  "Do you want to play shinny?"


"Certainly,"  they answered.


"If you like it, we will begin to play at once."   Read More>>>







Soul Wound:
The Legacy of Native American Schools

BY Andrea Smith


Andrea Smith (Cherokee) is interim coordinator for the Boarding School Healing Project and a Bunche Fellow coordinating AIUSA's research project on Sexual Violence and American Indian women.

U.S. and Canadian authorities took Native children from their homes and tried to school, and sometimes beat, the Indian out them. Now Native Americans are fighting the theft of language, of culture, and of childhood itself.

A little while ago, I was supposed to attend a Halloween party. I decided to dress as a nun because nuns were the scariest things I ever saw,” says Willetta Dolphus, 54, a Cheyenne River Lakota. The source of her fear, still vivid decades later, was her childhood experience at American Indian boarding schools in South Dakota.


Boys pray before bedtime with Father Keyes, St. Mary's Mission School, Omak. (© Northwest Museum of Arts & Culture/Eastern Washington State Historical Society, Spokane, WA)

Dolphus is one of more than 100,000 Native Americans forced by the U.S. government to attend Christian schools. The system, which began with President Ulysses Grant's 1869 “Peace Policy,” continued well into the 20th century. Church officials, missionaries, and local authorities took children as young as five from their parents and shipped them off to Christian boarding schools; they forced others to enroll in Christian day schools on reservations. Those sent to boarding school were separated from their families for most of the year, sometimes without a single family visit. Parents caught trying to hide their children lost food rations.


Virtually imprisoned in the schools, children experienced a devastating litany of abuses, from forced assimilation and grueling labor to widespread sexual and physical abuse. Scholars and activists have only begun to analyze what Joseph Gone (Gros Ventre), a psychology professor at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, calls “the cumulative effects of these historical experiences across gender and generation upon tribal communities today.”  Read More>>>








The Bacterium That (Almost) Ate the World

By Elaine Ingham with addendum by Dave Blume


Excerpted from:
Nature's Operating Instructions: The True Biotechnologies

Elaine Ingham would never treat soil like dirt. She reveres it, as we all should, since this precious substance is the thin brown line between plenty and starvation. Given the necessity of topsoil to human survival, you'd think we'd have legions of soil biologists on the case, but Elaine is one of only a handful of serious scientists delving into this microcosmos that feeds the world and helps support life on earth.

Until recently an associate research professor of forest science at Oregon State University, Elaine has twenty-five years of experience in microbiology, botany, plant pathology, and soil and ecology research. She founded Soil Foodweb Inc. and is currently president of the Soil Foodweb Institute in Australia and research director of Soil Foodweb in New York. She serves on the boards of several sustainability organizations and is an active member of numerous prestigious microbiology and ecology associations. She has done stints as president of the Soil Ecology Society and program chair of the Ecological Society of America and has penned over fifty peer-reviewed scientific papers.   Read More>>>










Manataka receives hundreds of letters each month. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.  


In March, Manataka received over 1,000 Letters on two subjects... Guess what everyone is concerned about... 

Click Here to Read April Letters to the Editor



Louis Riel, Canadian Métis Leader

Good morning Manataka,
I'm thinking of writing an e-book about Louis Riel, the Métis leader in Canada who founded Manitoba and was hanged for treason in another instance of injustice to Indians. I find very little written about him except a comic book and an out-of-print book. Although this indicates that there may be little interest in him, perhaps because he and his people lived in Canada, I feel he's worthy of more. Do you happen to have any information about Louis Riel, or do you know any Manataka member who may be able to provide facts or opinions about him, the Métis, or their rebellion?  John Anderson -


Click Here to Read April Letters to the Editor













The Center for Biological Diversity

Polar Bear Sacrifice to Big Oil Proposed -- Take Action

In an unacceptable new move against some of the Arctic's most iconic animals, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing regulations that will give oil companies permission to harm and harass struggling Alaska polar bears and Pacific walruses for the next five years -- despite the fact that the bears' sea-ice habitat is rapidly melting away and they need more protection, not less, to survive. Due to years of hard work by the Center for Biological Diversity, polar bears are protected under the Endangered Species Act, and Pacific walruses are candidates for federal protection, because of climate change. Yet last week the Service determined that proposed oil and gas activities in the Beaufort Sea pass muster under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. As the Center pointed out, this is based on years-old information that doesn't acknowledge changing Arctic conditions or recently won protections for the majestic animals; it downplays the great danger of an oil spill in the icy Arctic Ocean. Read more in Law360. Then please take action to tell the Service we can't put polar bears and walruses further at risk for the sake of dirty energy.

Harmful Roads Blocked on N.M. National Forest -- Thank You

Responding to a challenge by the Center for Biological Diversity and allies, the U.S. Forest Service this week reversed a decision to add environmentally damaging user-created roads to the official road system for New Mexico's Carson National Forest. The Carson must now close those roads -- created without authorization in the first place -- and exclude them from its motor-vehicle use map, which it has been developing since early 2009. In July 2009, the Center, our allies and more than 3,500 Center supporters contacted the agency, forcing it to release reports detailing the environmental impacts of the proposed plan. "User-created" roads are made when people drive off-road to camping spots with their motor homes, trucks and off-road vehicles. These roads can cause erosion, destroying stream banks and critical wildlife habitat and presenting safety problems for people. Our road-closing victory will greatly benefit the burrowing owl, goshawk and numerous other imperiled forest species. Thank you so much for your help in closing these damaging roads.  Read our press release and learn more about our fight against destructive off-road vehicles.

Agreement Protects Northwest Wolves, Preserves Options for Rockies Wolves

As both Republican and Democratic congressmen gear up for an unprecedented attack on wolves and the Endangered Species Act, the Center for Biological Diversity and nine other local and national environmental groups have reached a difficult agreement with the Interior Department to salvage as much wolf protection as possible and prevent a disastrous congressional intervention.  If approved by the court, the agreement will retain, but temporarily stay, a court order striking down the delisting of wolves in Montana and Idaho. It will keep full protection for wolves in Washington, Oregon and Utah, and it will keep protection for wolves in Wyoming unless and until the state develops a management plan that will pass federal muster. The stay will last until Interior issues a new decision on the fate of wolves across the region. We expect this will take 18-24 months. The agreement also revokes the Interior policy used to justify previous delisting decisions, sets up an independent scientific panel to examine recovery goals and progress for the northern Rockies population, and preserves the right of environmental groups to sue over the final Interior Department decision.  Said Center Executive Director Kierán Suckling: "Given the virtual certainty of Congress permanently stripping protection from all northern Rockies and Northwest wolves, barring litigation to challenge the delisting and establishing no scientific baselines for recovery, we believe this agreement is necessary to preserve long-term recovery potential and head off a terrible precedent that would invite  conservative congresspersons to push legislation to delist endangered species all over the country. It was a difficult and heart wrenching decision, but one that we feel is the best course in this very difficult and dangerous situation."   Read our statement on the settlement and learn more about the Act-gutting solicitor's memo that it negates.







1.   Help protect indigenous Ojibwe food source, Wild Rice

2.   Tell the Brazilian government: Stop the Belo Monte Dam






The Manataka American Indian Council supports:


Alerts of the MONTH 


UN: Organic Ag Can Double Food Production in 10 Years

"To feed 9 billion people in 2050, we urgently need to adopt the most efficient farming techniques available. Today's scientific evidence demonstrates that agroecological methods outperform the use of chemical fertilizers in boosting food production where the hungry live - especially in unfavorable environments.  "To date, agroecological projects have shown an average crop yield increase of 80% in 57 developing countries, with an average increase of 116% for all African projects. Recent projects conducted in 20 African countries demonstrated a doubling of crop yields over a period of 3-10 years." -Olivier De Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food and author of the report "Agro-ecology and the right to food," published March 8, 2011. 


Getting Monsanto Out of Your Kitchen, Gas Tank, and Clothes Closet

March is the Millions Against Monsanto campaign's Month Without Monsanto. Join in on Twitter by tweeting #MonthWithoutMonsanto or through the Facebook page "Month Without Monsanto."  For someone who's already been eating organic, a month without Monsanto seems pretty simple.  But, as original Month Without Monsanto blogger April Dávila found, Monsanto's tentacles reach far beyond the grocery aisles.  Our non-organic, often sweatshop-manufactured, cotton clothing has sprouted from Monsanto's seeds, too.

Even the gas is our cars is Monsanto-made! About 35% of the U.S. corn crop is made into ethanol. (The rest feeds factory farmed animals or becomes "food" ingredients like high fructose corn syrup.) It's tough to choose between supporting Monsanto or Big Oil. The fact is, we need to drive less and carpool more or, better yet: walk, bike, and use public transportation whenever possible.

The Obama Administration's USDA recently approved a new corn variety genetically engineered by Syngenta to be easier to convert to ethanol. Like crops that are modified to produce pharmaceuticals, genetically modified ethanol crops present a huge contamination danger to our food supply.  Who's protecting consumers? The USDA's deregulation decision is final. The only thing we can do at this point is scream bloody murder at the politicians we elect to provide oversight on these issues.  Time to write the president and your congressional representatives!  More Tips for Getting Monsanto Out of Your Kitchen, Gas Tank, and Clothes Closet


Regional Summits at Green Festivals

To gear up for the Millions Against Monsanto actions on World Food Day, October 16, 2011, and to maintain pressure on Monsanto throughout the year, OCA is mobilizing meetings and Truth-in-Labeling protests in front of supermarkets to coincide with upcoming Green Festivals around the country:

  • Chicago Green Festival May 14-15, 2011

  • Seattle Green Festival May 21-22, 2011

  • New York Green Festival October 1-2, 2011

  • Los Angeles Green Festival October 29-30, 2011

  • San Francisco Fall Green Festival, Nov 12-13, 2011

We need volunteers in each city to host gatherings at their homes or community centers, to put up OCA staff and volunteers in their homes and to work in the Millions Against Monsanto booths. 







"We must all become caretakers of the Earth." ---- Haida Gwaii Traditional Circle of Elders


Mother Earth is the source of all life. We should not only be concerned about the part of the Earth we live on, but we should be concerned about the parts of the Earth that other people live on. The Earth is one great whole. The trees in Brazil generate the air in the Untied States. If the trees are cut in Brazil, it affects the air that all people breathe. Every person needs to conscientiously think about how they respect the Earth. Do we dump our garbage out of the car? Do we poison the water? Do we poison the air? Am I taking on the responsibility of being a caretaker of the Earth?


Great Spirit, today, I will be aware of the Earth. I will be responsible




Women's Council News



American Indian Women's Activism in the 1960s and 1970s

by Donna Hightower Langston

Abstract: This article will focus on the role of women in three red power events: the occupation of Alcatraz Island, the Fish-in movement, and the occupation at Wounded Knee. Men held most public roles at Alcatraz and Wounded Knee, even though women were the numerical majority at Wounded Knee. Female elders played a significant role at Wounded Knee, where the occupation was originally their idea. In contrast to these two occupations, the public leaders of the Fish-in movement were women—not an untraditional role for women of Northwest Coastal tribes.


American Indian political activism in the 1960s took place during a time when many groups were actively organizing, groups with branches of their movement dedicated to civil rights pursuits and branches of more radical Power groups. Among civil rights groups of the time were African American organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), the Southern Christian Leadership conference (SCLC), led by Martin Luther King, and women's groups like the National Organization for Women (NOW). Civil rights groups most often focused on lobbying, education, and creating legal change. Power groups responded to the limits of civil rights groups with more radical rhetoric and actions. Numerous Power groups advocated Black Power, Brown Power, Red Power, and Radical Feminism—groups such as the Black Panthers, Brown Berets, American Indian Movement (AIM) and New York Radical Feminists. Read More>>>







Earth Medicine...



Medicine for the People

By Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle, BSNH



Newly Developed Functional Superfood

By Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle



Japanese Medicinal Mushroom Enhancer

Active Hexose Correlated Compound




My subject is Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC).  AHCC is a newly developed functional superfood.  My research method was reading the following books about our immune system:  The Japanese Medicinal Mushroom Immune Enhancer, Prescription for Nutritional Healing, The Green Pharmacy, Healthy Healing, A Practical Guide to Naturopathy.


I also used the product for many months to determine if the product enhanced my immune system.  I have been using AHCC for approximately two (2) years.   As of this date I have had very good health and my immune system is working properly.  My conclusion is that I will continue to use AHCC as long as there is information available that supports the medicinal value of AHCC.  Read More >>>


This information is for educational purposes only.  It is not intended to diagnose, cure or is in any way suggestive as far as medicinal advice.






The Fluoride Deception


This is a must read and view on the absolute SCAM that is known as "water fluoridation", which the vast majority of our population not only is subjected to, but often times is virtually VOICELESS in the CHOICE of its implementation and infiltration of our water supplies.

This story breaks down nicely where this stuff comes from, how it is mined, and just how DANGEROUS this stuff truly is!

We are literally being used as repositories for this stuff and turned into human guinea pigs for industrialized TOXINS people.

I suggest everyone take 12 minutes and view this, to get an idea of just how much the wool has been pulled over our eyes.

This affects virtually everyone's health.







One Year After BP Spill: Deadly Toll on Gulf Wildlife

Almost a year after BP's Deepwater Horizon rig exploded, causing the worst oil spill in U.S. history, the Gulf of Mexico's wildlife are still hurting -- and will be for years to come, according to a new report released by the Center for Biological Diversity. A Deadly Toll: The Gulf Oil Spill and the Unfolding Wildlife Disaster compiles federal data, scientific papers and media accounts to estimate the number of animals so far harmed by the spill. The report goes beyond government tallies and uses leading scientists' methods of calculating the actual toll on wildlife, not just animals that were seen and collected. The report estimates that up to 6,000 sea turtles, 26,000 dolphins and whales, 82,000 birds, and countless fish and invertebrates were harmed by the spill, and the fragile, complex ecosystems in the Gulf will feel the oil spill's effects for decades. Read more in a press release and check out the wildlife report for yourself.

Offshore Oil-drilling Report: 10 Overdue Reforms

Although there's been plenty of finger-pointing and accusations in the 12 months since the Gulf oil disaster began, many of the most important reforms have yet to take place. A report released by the Center for Biological Diversity today, Lingering Threats, outlines 10 key policy, regulatory and oversight reforms that must be addressed by regulators and elected officials if we're to avoid another offshore oil-drilling catastrophe that kills people and wildlife, ruins economies and fouls an entire ecosystem. The report calls for an end to environmental waivers for drilling projects, true reform of safety measures, and compliance with laws that protect endangered species like sea turtles and sperm whales. Here's hoping policymakers finally start learning the lessons of the Deepwater Horizon disaster and prevent the next catastrophe.









Mexico Yaqui remains returned from New York museum for burial
By Mark Stevenson, Mexico City, Mexico

Northern Mexico’s Yaqui buried their lost warriors after a two-year effort to rescue the remains from New York’s American Museum of Natural History, where the victims of one of North America’s last Indian massacres lay in
storage for more than a century.

The burial on November 16 capped an unprecedented joint effort by U.S. and Mexican tribes to press both governments to bring justice and closure to a 1902 massacre by Mexican federal troops that killed about 150 Yaqui men, women and children.

They would not be at peace with their souls and conscience until they got their people back to their land,” said Jose Antonio Pompa of Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History.

The 12 skulls and other blood-spattered remains interred in Vicam, a traditional Yaqui town in western Sonora state, carried some of the first forensic evidence of Mexico’s brutal campaign to eliminate the tribe.  Read More>>>






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