Manataka American Indian Council                                  Volume XVII  Issue 01  January 2011




Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow



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Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: The Raven with No Beak
Feature Story::   Ancient Maya Holy Time - Chapter 9

Letters to the Editor:

Lots of Opinions 
Feature Story:   Native Prisoner of War Camp 334
Grandfather Gray Hawk Speaks:  

Living in an Uncertain World

Organic Consumers: Millions Against Monsanto
Elder's Meditations: Rolling Thunder, Cherokee
Women's Council News: Zitkala-Sa: An NDN Writer Extraordinaire
Earth Medicine:   Pine Recipes for the Home or Tipi
Fluoride: Perspectives on Water Fluoridation

Animal Rights and Wrongs:


Gray Wolves Regain Federal Protections

Sacred Sites:

The Lost Treasure of Machu Picchu




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The Raven with No Beak

An Eskimo Legend


The Innu carve strange and beautiful figures, representing people, animals, birds, fish, and supernatural characters, then paint them with bright colors. The tallest red cedar trees are selected for totem poles, and are used for landmarks as well as illustrating the legends told from generation to generation.

On one of these poles was carved a stunning Raven, but he had no beak!

The Raven in Alaska was no ordinary bird. He had remarkable powers and could change into whatever form he wished. He could change from a bird to a man, and could not only fly and walk, but could swim underwater as fast as any fish.

One day, Raven took the form of a little, bent-over old man to walk through a forest. He wore a long white beard and walked slowly. After a while, Raven felt hungry. As he thought about this, he came to the edge of the forest near a village on the beach. There, many people were fishing for halibut.









This full-length book, Ancient Maya Holy Time and the Evolution of Creation Map by Robert Hackman will appear in serial form featuring one or two chapters in each edition of the Smoke Signal News in coming months.  Enjoy this interesting journey in time!


Chapter 1  -  May 2010

Chapter 2  -  June

Chapter 3  -  July

Chapter 4  -  August

Chapter 5  -  September

Chapter 6  -  October

Chapter   7  -  Nov

Chapter   8  -  Dec

Chapter   9  -  January 2011

Chapter 10  -  February

Chapter 11  -  March

Chapter 12  -  April


Ancient Maya Holy Time

And the Evolution of Creation Map

Chapter 9

Map of Holy Time

Crop Circles

One of the greatest mysteries plaguing mankind in this time is what or who is creating these sacred symbols and geometric patterns? What is the message that we should be learning from these crop circles? It is now evident that orbs of light are responsible for the creation of crop circles. These orbs of light are possibly divine energy originating from the Thirteen Heavens. The Deities that Rule the Thirteen Heavens are attempting to communicate with mankind through sacred vibrations, electromagnetic energies and this ancient form of art. This is a Sacred Phenomena that mankind needs to pay very close attention to. Stay tuned in for more to come.




The Light of Nature does not Lie,
But the Theoreticians have turned the Light against Nature.
If Man is Perverse, he will also Pervert the Light of Nature.
Therefore Seek First the Kingdom of Truth,
And you will do more than has ever been done on Earth.
Never Doubt God, Our Greatest Physician.
As we Love Her/Him and our Neighbor, so God will grant us everything we need.
But if we are Idle and Neglectful of Love, then even that will be taken from us which we believe to be ours.










Manataka receives hundreds of letters each month. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.   Click Here to Read All December Letters to the Editor.


This Blanket Is For You...

Hello Manataka,

First - wonderful story at   I enjoyed it very much. Thank you for sharing it!


I've never answered questions about a story before, so I hope I am doing this correctly. Please forgive any blunders or disrespectful statements - I'm not sure how to do this .......  I have a question about the story - I didn't notice this at first. In the beginning of the story - where is the son's mother? The father did a fine job, but the story does not mention the mother. A father teaches some things, a mother teaches other things. A child needs both.


The father (who becomes the grandfather) teaches service, sharing, hospitality, loving others and putting others before oneself. He shows the lodge's needs and the family's needs are more important than one's own desires. 


Unfortunately the woman did not learn from his example. When he became too ill to care for his family (which was not his job), she should have taken care of him without complaint but with love, respect and gratitude for his many years of service and care for the family. Everything about her was so "out of balance" - I don't know where to begin ...... the grandson was lucky to have the grandfather with her for a mother. Unfortunately, she influenced her husband also -  or, rather, she wore him down. The wife either makes a man stronger, or tears him down - it is important to choose well, because it is a partnership. 


Click Here to Read All December Letters to the Editor




Feature Story

Native Prisoners of War Camp 334

Aaron Huey's effort to photograph poverty in America led him to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, where the struggle of the native Lakota people -- appalling, and largely ignored -- compelled him to refocus. Five years of work later, his haunting photos intertwine with a shocking history lesson in this bold, courageous talk.


TEDTalks is a daily video podcast of the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes. Featured speakers have included Al Gore on climate change, Philippe Starck on design, Jill Bolte Taylor on observing her own stroke, Nicholas Negroponte on One Laptop per Child, Jane Goodall on chimpanzees, Bill Gates on malaria and mosquitoes, Pattie Maes on the "Sixth Sense" wearable tech, and "Lost" producer JJ Abrams on the allure of mystery. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, Design, and TEDTalks cover these to...



Grandfather Robert Gray Hawk Coke Speaks



Grandfather Robert Gray Hawk Coke Speaks


Living in an Uncertain World

When this subject came to my attention, I thought my title would be, “Thoughts of living in uncertain times.’ I am aware that it’s not just my city or country that is dealing with uncertainty. Most of the world is facing uncertain employment and falling economy. Banks are closing and many cities, states, and even countries are going into bankruptcy. Events in one part of the world effect many other countries, some more than others. Although this type of thing is usually cyclical, it doesn’t often involve as great an area as this time.

What plan are you going to use to get through this uncertain time? We have several ways to deal with whatever happens. We can decide the big picture is too complicated or scary to understand and hope somebody else figures it all out for us. We can decide to face reality where we are and work on our situation, one day at a time. Or we have the old stand-by of sticking our heads in the sand and denying that the problem exists.





The Manataka American Indian Council supports:


Alerts of the MONTH 

Millions Against Monsanto: Taking Down the World's Biotech Bully Through Truth-in-Labeling

In 2010, the Organic Consumers Association mobilized organic activists to fight back against Monsanto and the biotech industry. Thanks to your volunteer efforts and financial support, the OCA fought the "good fight" on GM trees, wheat, salmon, alfalfa, sugar beets and rice. But now the time has come to go on the offensive. We can't wait for Congress, the USDA, EPA, or FDA to regulate GMOs, pesticides and Monsanto's growing seed monopoly. Over one-third of American farmland is now planted with GMOs. Eighty percent of all non-organic processed foods contain GM ingredients. It's time to mobilize consumer power at the local level. It's time to hit Monsanto and Big Ag where it hurts: at the cash register. We need to pressure city councils and state legislatures to label GM-tainted foods. If they won't do this, we need to organize ballot initiatives wherever possible. We need to pass local "Truth-in-Labeling" ordinances to inform 75% of the public - who are still in the dark about GMOs - what they're eating, and why it matters. Grocery stores and restaurants must be forced to admit to their customers that their processed foods, factory farmed milk, eggs and meat, and other junk food ingredients are GM-tainted. Supermarkets and health food stores must come clean and admit that all the non-organic, so-called "natural" foods that contain corn, soy, cottonseed oil, or canola, are likely contaminated with GMOs.  As long as only a quarter of U.S. consumers understand that they're being force-fed GMOs, we'll never create the critical mass necessary to push organic over the tipping point. However, once a majority of consumers are educated about the risks and harms of GMOs, and once non-organic processed foods are truthfully labeled as "may contain GMOs," Monsanto's Biotech Bullying will come to an end.


Zero Waste/Maximum Compost: Urban Food Waste Transformed into Compost

What is it going to take to launch an organic revolution in a country where 125,000 industrial mega-farms account for three quarters of all agricultural production and only about 25,000 of our 2.2 million farms are organic?  First, we need more organic farmers. Peak oil theorist Richard Heinberg says we'll need tens of millions of backyard gardeners and small farmers.

Next, we need compost - billions of pounds, augmented by billions of gallons of compost tea. That's the amount of organic compost and compost tea we'll need to replace the 24 billion pounds of synthetic fertilizer that chemical and GMO farmers use each year to keep their crops on life support, even as they destroy the living soil.  That's a lot of compost! Where's it all going to come from? How about making compost from the 96 billion pounds of food we throw away each year in this country?

We need to reduce the amount of food we waste - our food waste alone would feed 20 million people - and use the rest to make organic compost.  Let's take San Francisco's lead and adopt mandatory food and yard waste composting laws in every city.


The Road Ahead: Steps Toward a Global Uprising by Ronnie Cummins

So how do we take down the climate criminals, Big Oil, Big Coal, Big Agribusiness, Monsanto, and the Military-Industrial Complex? How do we build a fierce and formidable climate conservation corps that can radically alter the dynamics of the marketplace and our suicide economy? How can we mobilize grassroots forces, alternative technology, and progressive public officials to fundamentally change the laws and public policies that are driving us to the brink of disaster? How do we scale up our organic, sustainable, equitable, climate-friendly projects and communities past the 'tipping point' so that we become the norm, not just the alternative? 

Stop Big Ag’s Food Safety Bill!

The Organic Consumers Association cannot support the federal food safety bill as currently written because it fails to fully address the root cause of food borne illness, which is the factory farming of meat, eggs and milk.  Nevertheless, we do support amendments that would protect small, local, and organic food producers from the worst aspects of the bills' one-size-fits all approach to managing the food safety hazards facing the largest producers.  The House of Representatives has just passed another version of the food safety bill and it's headed back to the Senate for a final vote.  Please ask your Senator to stop the food safety bill, but, if that's not possible, to mitigate its damage by supporting amendments that protect small, local and organic producers.  








"People have to be responsible for their thoughts, so they have to learn to control them. It may not be easy, but it can be done."  --Rolling Thunder, Cherokee


WE control our thoughts by controlling our self talk. At any moment we choose we can talk to ourselves differently. The fight comes with the emotions that are attached to our thoughts. If our emotion is high and seems to be out of control, we can say to ourselves STOP IT!, take a few deep breaths, then ask the Creator for the right thought or the right decision or the right action. If we practice this for a while, our thought life will be different. It helps if in the morning we ask God to direct our thinking. God loves to help us.


Great Spirit, today, direct my thinking so my choices are chosen by You.

By Don Coyhis




Women's Council News



Zitkala-Sa: An American Indian Writer Extraordinaire


Gertrude Simmons Bonnin (February 22, 1876 - January 26, 1938), better known by her pen name, Zitkala-Sa (Lakota: pronounced zitkála-ša, which translates to Red Bird), was a Native American  writer, editor, musician, teacher and political activist. She published in national magazines. With William F. Hanson, Bonnin co-composed the first American Indian opera, The Sun Dance (composed in romantic style based on Ute and Sioux themes), which premiered in 1913. She founded the National Council of American Indians in 1926, which she served as president until her death.


Bonnin/Zitkala-Sa was born and raised on the Yankton Sioux Reservation in South Dakota by her mother, Ellen Simmons, whose Yankton-Nakota name was Taté Iyòhiwin (Every Wind or Reaches for the Wind). Her father was a white man named Felker, about whom little was known. Zitkala-Sa lived a traditional lifestyle until the age of eight when she left her reservation to attend Whites Manual Labor Institute, a Quaker mission school in Wabash, Indiana. She went on to study for a time at Earlham College in Indiana and the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston.


After working as a teacher at Carlisle Indian Industrial School, she moved to Boston and began publishing short stories and autobiographical vignettes. Her autobiographical writings were serialized in Atlantic Monthly from January to March 1900 and later published in a collection called American Indian Stories in 1921. Her first book, Old Indian Legends, is a collection of folktales which she gathered during visits home to the Yankton Reservation. Much of the early scholarship on her life is based on the American Indian Stories and, more recently, Doreen Rappaport’s biography The Flight of Red Bird.






Earth Medicine...



Medicine for the People

By Walks With Hawks Harvey, BSNH

By Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle



Pine Recipes for the Home or Tipi


Native Americans or descendants of Native Americans have a special fondness for fragrant herbs used to scent the home.  Smudges of sage are employed specifically today for air purification and fragrance.  Herbal smudges are done by burning the dried herbs of choice. Since it is solstice of the winter then it is easy to pick pine cones and pine needles. You may not realize that pine needles contains 4-5 times the Vitamin C of fresh-squeezed orange juice, and is high in Vitamin A. It is also an expectorant (thins mucus secretions), decongestant, and can be used as an antiseptic wash when cooled. So not only does it taste good, but it's good for you!  


Each variety of pine has its own flavor to impart so experiment and see which needles you like best. And feel free to mix and match! Similar to incense, the smoke or medicinal properties of the needles or cones are carried into the air. They are also used in sweat lodge therapy, cleansing of air before a birth, celebration of marriage and many other important events. These formulas use all natural, organic materials and will not leave behind unwanted chemicals or propellants as do aerosol room fresheners.  The naturally occurring botanical oils will kill airborne germs and leave a calming odor in your environment. If you pick cones and needles; please pick from different trees to be environmental friendly and protect the spirit of the trees.  Read More >>>


This information is for educational purposes only.  It is not intended to diagnose, cure or is in any way suggestive as far as medicinal advice.








Professional Perspectives on Water Fluoridation


Featuring a Nobel Laureate in Medicine, three scientists from the National Research Council's landmark review on fluoride, as well as dentists, medical doctors, and leading researchers in the field, this professionally-produced 28 minute DVD presents a powerful indictment of the water fluoridation program. To learn more and to purchase the DVD, see: http://www.FluorideAlert.Org









Gray wolves regain federal protections under Endangered Species Act

On August 5, 2010, a federal judge overturned a decision by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) to remove gray wolves from the Endangered Species Act (ESA), paving the way for these critical predators to rebuild their numbers to ecologically sustainable levels. This ruling is the result of a lawsuit brought against the FWS in 2009 by Defenders of Wildlife and other conservation organizations. ~Submitted by Awi Anida Waya, Manataka Correspondent


Tell the EPA to Clean Up Our Oceans

After a Center for Biological Diversity lawsuit, this week the Environmental Protection Agency took a big step forward in requesting public input on how to confront ocean acidification -- and the agency needs your letters now. The EPA seeks information on how it can use the Clean Water Act to guide states to monitor and identify coastal waters that are threatened or impaired by ocean acidification, so action can be taken to protect those waters through limits on CO2 pollution. Right now, the oceans absorb about 22 million tons of CO2 every day, mostly from the burning of fossil fuels -- which is causing seawater to become more and more acidic. Corrosive waters hinder the ability of marine life to build protective shells and skeletons -- which affects the entire ocean food chain. Related to the Center's lawsuit forcing the EPA to address ocean acidification under the Clean Water Act, the Center has petitioned every coastal state to declare its ocean waters impaired under the Act. Now, by speaking out to the EPA, you can join our campaign to save all ocean life from one of the worst threats it's ever faced. 


Tell the EPA to Clean Up Our Oceans
After a Center for Biological Diversity lawsuit, this week the Environmental Protection Agency took a big step forward in requesting public input on how to confront ocean acidification -- and the agency needs your letters now. The EPA seeks information on how it can use the Clean Water Act to guide states to monitor and identify coastal waters that are threatened or impaired by ocean acidification, so action can be taken to protect those waters through limits on CO2 pollution. Right now, the oceans absorb about 22 million tons of CO2 every day, mostly from the burning of fossil fuels -- which is causing seawater to become more and more acidic. Corrosive waters hinder the ability of marine life to build protective shells and skeletons -- which affects the entire ocean food chain. Related to the Center's lawsuit forcing the EPA to address ocean acidification under the Clean Water Act, the Center has petitioned every coastal state to declare its ocean waters impaired under the Act. Now, by speaking out to the EPA, you can join our campaign to save all ocean life from one of the worst threats it's ever faced. 

Feds Put Politics Over Science Against Southwest Eagle (Again)
In the continuing saga of politically tainted decisions threatening one of Arizona's most endangered but least acknowledged birds, the Center for Biological Diversity has just obtained documents indicating that the feds shunned science-- again -- in deciding not to protect Arizona's desert nesting bald eagle. An August 2009 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service memo, which summarizes bald eagle experts' consensus position from the past 30 years, states that the unique Southwest population of bald eagle is "discrete and significant" to the national bald eagle population. In a December 2009 response, a political superior dismissed the experts' opinion, declaring that Service staff would "work with" the memo-writing scientist on a "revised version of the finding." Then, on February 25, the Fish and Wildlife Service removed Endangered Species Act protection from the desert nesting bald eagle. The situation mirrors the Service's attempts in 2006 and 2007 to withhold special federal safeguards for the desert eagles -- attempts that were thwarted by a federal judge's order to continue protection, resulting from Center lawsuits.  Only about 160 individuals and 60 breeding pairs of this population survive, all threatened by increasing development, dams, grazing, and other threats. The Center submitted a scientific petition to increase protection for the desert eagle in 2004; we've been working to save the population since 1989.








Universities and museums across the country: 

Return everything you have misappropriated to Indigenous Peoples!!



The Lost Treasure of Machu Picchu

By Elaine Karp-Toledo, Stanford, CA



Sure, it seemed like a great idea when President Alan García of Peru reached a preliminary agreement with Yale University about the disposition of more than 350 artifacts taken from Machu Picchu. Everyone hoped the settlement might be a break for cultural understanding in the cloudy skies of international cooperation. News reports suggested that Yale would return more than 350 museum-quality artifacts, plus several thousand fragments thought to be of interest mainly to researchers — all of which were taken from the mountaintop Inca archaeological complex nearly a century ago — and that legal title to all the artifacts, even those to be left at Yale for research, would be held by Peru.  Read More>>>





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