Manataka American Indian Council

 

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HISTORY
 

Official Positions within the Mohawk Nation
by Doug George-Kanentiio

As most people know the Mohawk Nation Council is a democratically based governing entity established over 800 years ago and is the founding member of the Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy-the Rotinosionni (in Mohawk) or the Haudenosaunee (from the Seneca dialect of Iroquois. The Council itself was created when Skennenrahowi met the Mohawks at Kahon:ios (Cohoes Falls) and convinced them to abandon their former status as a violent people and adopt the principles of the Kaiienerakowa, the Great Law of Peace.

Skennenrahowi taught the Mohawks how to govern their territory and administer to their affairs through a national council whose members were nominated by the female leaders and approved of by the citizens of the Nation. Each citizen held specific powers under the Great Law but with this came legal obligations. The members expressed their desires through their respective clans of which there were three: Bear, Wolf and Turtle with each clan subdivided into smaller units (box turtle, snapping turtle etc.) The female leaders of the clans were selected at a public assembly called for that specific purpose. Every candidate, male or female, had to meet the basic requirements as set into common law: honesty, modesty, generosity, patience, familial stability,good parent, stable partner, knowledgeable about the Nation's politics and spiritual traditionals, intellectual clarity and tolerance. Anyone
found guilty of violence, deception or greed was removed from their position.

The National government had 45 official positions with each clan having 12 representatives made up of the following:

Nine Rotiiane (male leaders), three from each clan.

Nine Iakoiane or clanmothers, three from each clan

Nine Raterontaninha or assistants to the Rotiiane, three from each clan

9 Lakterihonton, or female spiritual assistants called Faithkeepers, 3 from each clan

9 Roterihonton, or female spiritual assistants called Faithkeepers, 3 from each clan

Faithkeepers helped maintain the spiritual well being of the Nation by setting dates

for the lunar ceremonies, conducting the ceremonies and serving as counselors in all matters related to the natural world and the sacred. 

Each of the three clans has a formal title for the Rotiiane. They are:

Bears: Tehanakarine, Ahstawenserentha, Shoskoharo:wane

Wolves: Sharenho:wane, Teionhehkwen, Orenhre:kowa

Turtles: Tekariho:ken, Aiionwatha, Satekari:wate

These title names were given at the time of the formation of the Nation Council. They may be dismissed by their Clan Mothers, the clan or the Nation Council for acts of violence, bribery, corruption, dishonesty, neglect or drunkenness among other breaches. Once removed from office they are precluded from ever returning to a position of responsibility. A Rotiiane, the most visible symbol of their position is a set of deer antlers affixed to their headdress. Should they be expelled the disgrace is said to be like antlers torn from the head of a deer with the resulting wound bleeding for all time.

 


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