3. Tortuguero Monument 6 - Tortuguero (or El Tortuguero) is an archaeological site in Chiapas, Mexico which supported a Maya city during the Classic period. The site is noteworthy for its use of the B'aakal Emblem Glyph also found as the primary title at Palenque. The site has been heavily damaged by looting and modern development. Most of the surviving monuments of Tortuguero come from the reign of B'alam Ajaw ("Jaguar Lord") who ruled from 644 to 679. These record several victories over nearby states and may indicate that both his father and son were named Ik' Muuy Muwahn.
Monument 6 from Tortuguero is currently generating discussion as it includes the only known inscription depicting the end of the current 13-baktun era in 2012. Grube, Martin and Zender have stated it refers to “the end of the 13th b’ahktun which we will see in the year 2012” and as to what will happen, they say, “…utom, “it will happen” (O4) followed by something that we cannot read (P4) and he “will descend” yem (O5). The last glyph begins with ta followed by something. However, this is not the end of the world.” This happy interpretation is supported by Marcus Eberl and Christian Prager :
“The events associated with this Baktun end are partially eroded; yet, they involve the “coming down” of B’olon ’Ok. The same verb is used as part of dedication events and seems to have had not a destructive – as might be expected from B’olon Yokte’ K’uh – but a positive connotation.”
Gillespie and Joyce and also Houston and Stuart have concurred that the inscription on Monument 6 concerns the god(s) Bolon yokte K’uh - specifically
“…a calendrical event in the early 21st century AD, at which time, apparently, the god may 'descend'.”
Stuart has recently given a more complete translation: “"The Thirteenth Bak'tun" will be finished (on) Four Ahaw, the Third of K'ank'in. ? will occur. (It will be) the descent(?) of the Nine Support (?) God(s) to the ?."
Gronemeyer gives an epigraphic analysis and calendrical reconstruction of Monument 6 in his Master’s thesis, with illustrations. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tortuguero (Maya_site)
4. Palenque - Palenque (Bàak' in Modern Maya) is a Maya archeological site near the Usumacinta River in the Mexican state of Chiapas, located about 130 km south of Ciudad del Carmen. It is a medium-sized site, much smaller than such huge sites as Tikal or Copán, but it contains some of the finest architecture, sculpture, roof comb and bas-relief carvings the Maya produced. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palenque
5. New Age Mayanism - The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar forms the basis for a New Age belief, first forecast by José Argüelles, that a cataclysm will take place on or about December 21, 2012, a forecast that mainstream Mayanist scholars consider a misinterpretation, yet is commonly referenced in pop-culture media as the 2012 problem. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mayanism
6. José Argüelles (b. January 24, 1939, Rochester, Minnesota) is the founder of Planet Art Network and the Foundation for the Law of Time. He holds a Ph.D. in Art History and Aesthetics from the University of Chicago, and has taught at numerous colleges, including Princeton University and San Francisco Art Institute. He is the identical twin brother of poet Ivan Argüelles.
He gained notoriety for his role in the Harmonic Convergence event, and his mystical book about the Maya calendar, The Mayan Factor: Path Beyond Technology. This book first popularized the Hunab Ku symbol. After Mayan Factor's financial success, Jose and his wife Lloydine produced "Dreamspell: The Journey of Timeship Earth 2013" and a game/tool "Telektonon: The Talking Stone of Prophesy". The former is the source of Arguelles' 13 Moon/28 Day Calendar.
Criticism: Although Argüelles states that his tools and calendar are clearly not a Mayan calendar, much criticism of it focuses on the fact that his works remain completely unsupported by any professional Mayanist scholar. Amongst many criticisms leveled at it, it is pointed out that the interpretation merely co-opts an ancient tradition by recasting it in New Age terms, unknown, unused and undocumented among the Maya. Many of Dreamspell's influences come from non-Mayan sources, such as the I Ching and pop psychology. What's more, Argüelles' calendar is based on a different day-count than the traditional Mayan calendar. As mathematician Michael Finley notes: "Since the 365 day Maya haab makes no provision for leap years, its starting date in the Gregorian Calendar advances by one day every four years. The beginning of Arguelles' year is fixed to July 26. Thus his count of days departs from the haab as it was known to Maya scribes before the Spanish conquest. Arguelles claims that the Thirteen Moon Calendar is synchronized with the calendar round. Clearly, it is not." His calendar is also not correctly synchronized with that observed by the Maya. For example, in the traditional count January 1, 2005 is 5 Muluk, while in the Dreamspell it is 2 Etznab. Argüelles countered this criticism by stating that his calendar is "correct and biologically accurate...for the whole planet", and that he is the "heir of the legacy of Pacal Votan and the instrument of his prophecy, Telektonon". Argüelles is now one of several individuals who have contributed to the spread of Mayanism, a collection of beliefs based on metaphysical speculation about the ancient Maya.
Hopi Prophecy - Predict a 25yr period of purification followed by the End of Fourth World & beginning of the Fifth.
Mayan Prophecy - Call it the 'end days' or the end of time as we know it.
Maori Prophecy - Say that as the veils dissolve there will be a merging of the physical & spiritual worlds.
Zulu Prophecy - Believe that the whole world will be turned upside down.
Hindu Prophecy - Kali Yuga (end time of man) The Coming of Kalki & critical mass of Enlightened Ones.
Inca Prophecy - Call it the 'Age of Meeting Ourselves Again'.
Aztec Prophecy - Call this the Time of the Sixth Sun. A time of transformation. Creation of new race.
Dogon Prophecy - Say that the spaceship of the visitors, the Nommo, will return in the form of a blue star.
Pueblo Prophecy - Acknowledge it'll be the emergence into the Fifth World.
Cherokee Prophecy - Their ancient calendar ends exactly at 2012 as does the Mayan calendar.
Tibetan Prophecy - Kalachakra teachings are prophesies left by Buddha predicting Coming of the Golden Age.
Egypt Prophecy - According to the Great Pyramid (stone calendar) present time cycle ends in year 2012 A.D.