Manataka American Indian Council                                                                                        Volume X  Issue 7  AUGUST 2006


Manataka - Preserving the past today for tomorrow 


61 printed pages in this issue



Animal Rights and Wrongs: Spirit Bears Protected By Clifford Krauss, New York Times


"Green" Chemistry by Lori Leah Zack
Elder Council Meeting: July Meeting Productive and Cooperative

Elder's Meditation:

Dr. Henrietta Mann, Southern Cheyenne

Frank Fools Crow, Lakota

Feature Story: 

Crystal Cave of the Giants - Dream Cave Discovery
Fluoride Watch: National Academy of Sciences Releases Report
Funny Bones:

You might be an Indian Jedi if...

Indians know it's time to lose weight when...

Indian Ways

Grandmothers Speak:

Origins of the Smoke Signal by Gram Selma

Spirits Still Walk Here By Waynonaha Two Worlds

Hawk Speaks:

Affection by Daniel J. Hawk Hoffman Sr.  ~Seven Hawks

Healing Prayer Basket:

Memorials, Crossing Over and Illness

Health Watch:

Soft Drinks Contain Cancer-Causing Benzene

by Rajeev Syal, Times / UK

Hill & Holler:

How Eagle Chooses Her Mate By Susan Bates
History: The FireKeeper by Evin Kenneth Richards, Jr.
Inspiration:: The Story of Two Pots... Submitted by Abe Walking Bear Walk

Legends of Old:

Crane and Hummingbird Race

Letters to the Editor:

World Drum

MAIC Messages:

Motion to MAIC Establish Advisory Board Approved
Mother Earth Watch: Global Warming Getting Serious by Al Gore
News Flash: Suicides Rates of American Indian Youth
Poetry Circle: Wannabe by Linda VanBibber
Politics and Religion:

Ceremonies Disputed

Sacred Site Watch: Sacred Little Cedar Mountain Legal Defense Fund

Upcoming Events: 

Sacred Sites Summit

Warrior Society: 

Pay It Forward By Lynn Laughing Crow Selvidge
Website Updates:  Reprints of July Stories - Native Remedies Additions

Women's Circle:

Her Life Belongs to the Land By Sean Reily, LA Times

I Owe My Mother

Women's Council: Circle of Friendship - Events

Women's Medicine from Magdala:

The Integration of Self by Magdala Rameriz


New!   American Indian Tea Co.  New!






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Manataka Seeks Grant Writer

MAIC has several worthwhile projects that are severely under-funded.  Two of the projects are of unique design and proven effectiveness.  For the past 10 years, all programs and services were self-funded by members and supporters and we have not applied for financial assistance.  The worthiness of these programs requires more funds than can realistically be provided by individual contributions.  Experienced grant writers please contact:  


Help Needed Now!  

Grandmother Helen RedWing and Joseph Vinson are in need food now!  Helen has been disabled for many years and receives no government benefits.  Joe was forced to retire from the Post Office for debilitating back pain after many years of good service, but the government has been dragging its feet in awarding him compensation and retirement funds.  They do not qualify for food stamps because he as too much money in his retirement fund -- that the government is withholding.  The Army Relief Fund has paid their rent and utilities, but there is no money for food and gas money.   These are two wonderful elders who need our help now!  Please send boxes of food and donations directly to them at:  3308 Weber Drive, Lakeland 38002-9728   PLEASE DO THIS NOW BEFORE THEY HAVE TO BE HOSPITALIZED!


Booklets Available

Manataka now has available several thousand copies of a 16-page booklet titled “Native American Spirituality: An Informational Guide for Health Care Providers, Hospital Staff and Administrators, Chaplains, School Administrators, Funeral Directors and Others Regarding Ceremonies, Rights and Obligations.”  Read the booklet here


Single copies are $1.00 to cover the cost of mailing.  10 booklets - $5.00.  25 booklets $10.00  For higher quantities send us an email.  See related story below.



"A Reflection on the Relevance of the Indigenous World in These Critical Times" --- A powerful, intelligent and spiritually moving treatise by Otto Caballo Blanco Riollano.  English Version   Español Versión   La Relevancia Del Mundo Indígena En Este Tiempo Crítico:  Una Reflectión


Manataka Seeks Advisory Board Members:

In July the Elder Council approved a motion to establish an Advisory Board who will research and develop recommendations to the Elder Council.  MAIC specifically seeks educators, attorneys, accountants, business leaders and other professionals to join the MAIC Advisory Board.  Please contact:








Beautiful Handcrafted








Grand Opening Sale

Special Orders Accepted







Sacred Sites Summit - Great Inter-Tribal Gathering of the Nations

Intertribal Coalition to Defend Bear Butte

August 1- 4, 2006

Sturgis, South Dakota


Bear Butte is "Nowah'wus" to the Cheyenne Nation. It is "Mato Paha" to the Lakota. Across the Great Plains over thirty indigenous Nations acknowledge the sacredness of this Butte and it's surrounding area. It is a mountain inhabited by spirits and spiritual powers that are well known to our people. For this reason Bear Butte is central to our ceremonial life as native people of the Great Plains and is necessary for the continued health and well being of our people. All life on Bear Butte must be respected and defended. No people have a right to destroy or disrespect our sacred mountain. Rally to bring tribes and individuals together to defend Bear Butte. Contact information: Debra White Plume, Director; 101 Lonesome Valley Rd., Manderson S.D. 57756  605-455-2155 or Vic Camp, P.O. Box 95, Manderson S. D. 57756, 605-455-1122


The Gathering of the Peacemakers:
Healing Santa Cruz With One Love
Santa Cruz, California - Labor Day - September 04, 2006
Free Admission! 

San Lorenzo River Park in downtown Santa Cruz, California on Labor Day.  Native American elders, Tibetan monks, religious leaders and local teachers of love. Performances by local and internationally-known conscious artists whose message reinforces our own. Already Grammy-award nominee reggae artist Luciano and recording artist Mikey General to perform. All speakers and performers donate their time and talent for free.   We believe that if the peacemakers - those people teaching love in the community - can gather together and revitalize each other as well as encourage others to join them as peacemakers, they can have a positive effect on the entire community manifesting in lower crime, drug abuse, domestic abuse, etc. We encourage each person to heal the small piece of the planet the Creator has assigned them by simply loving and forgiving as much as they can.


Spirit Keepers Caravan
Bringing the Children Home

August 14 - September 30, 2006

Vancouver, Canada

More than 50,000 aboriginal children died in church-run residential schools across Canada between 1890 and 1984. Few of their remains were ever brought home for a proper burial. Their killers were never brought to justice. And the truth of the Aboriginal Holocaust has remained buried. Until now.  Clan Mothers and Elders have decided to launch a Spirit Keepers Caravan that will visit the sites of former residential schools and help give voice to the spirits of the children who died there. The Caravan will rally survivors and ask the government of Canada and the Catholic, Anglican and United Church to return the remains of the disappeared children to their homes so they may finally be laid to rest. 
With thanks from The Elders of the Spirit Keepers Caravan:
Growing Rock, Anishinabe-Cree Nation; Martha Joseph, Getksan Nation; Whispers Wind, Anishinabe Nation The Caravan will be leaving Unceded Coast Salish territory ("Vancouver") on August 14, 2006, to be joined by others. Contact us now to plan a ceremonial event or public forum on your territory.

Manataka Fall Gathering - "Time of Harvest and Renewal"

October 20 - 22, 2006

Bald Eagle Mountain Park and Campgrounds

Hot Springs, AR



Bridging the Americas - Reuniting the Eagle and the Condor

Gathering of The Elders at Lake Titicaca, Peru

March 19 – 23, 2007


“When the Eagle once again flies with the Condor, a lasting peace will reign in the Americas and will spread throughout the world to unite humanity.”   Legends state that Aramu Muru assisted many Native American tribes after they arrived in Peru during the time of the destructions of Mu and the Old Red Land (Atlantis). He then united these tribes into a very advanced culture that proceeded to build many of the towering megalithic temples that still adorn the landscape of Peru today. Although most of us have forgotten our past connections, the spirit of Aramu Muru has never left us, and he continues to watch over all the Americas from his Illumination Temple located above Lake Titicaca. Moreover, the great Solar Disc of Mu is also said to still continue to exist and is currently located on the bottom of the sacred lake. Since1992, when the Pachacuti or “World Transformation” anciently prophesied by the Incas first commenced, Aramu Muru and the Illumination Temple have made their presence known again and the Solar Disc has begun emanating powerful streams of spiritual light that will eventually unite the Americas and uplift the entire world. Soon the prophecy will be complete; the Eagles (North America) will reunite with the Condors (South America) and the tribes will once again become one. Join us on the Spring Equinox of 2007 at Lake Titicaca as we connect with our ancient past, reunite the tribes, and help fulfill the sacred destiny of the Americas.  Contact the Institute for Cultural Awareness. 928-646-3000







Manataka Summer Gathering Communication:


An Open Letter to Manataka

From Taino Ti, Grandmother Forest Bird


May the Great Spirit bless the Manataka Gathering and the Ancients Nations that are represented here to share the wisdom and Love of All.


The time has arrived, the time to share the wisdom of those that came before us to sustain, develop and teach us the good relation with Mother Earth and all those living on Her, the Goddess.


Thank you for showing your commitment to Her, Mother Earth, and may the lessons that you will learn this weekend be shared with all your Relations.


Our Ancestors, the Taino Nation, African and Spanish people, and our Spiritual Head, Chief Agueybana I, send blessings to all the people in this gathering and express their respect for the native ways of our brothers and sisters of the North.


The Sacred Elders Circle of the island of Borike send you best wishes of Peace, Beauty, Harmony and Love to you All.  Our prayers will be with you, knowing that all your objectives will be fulfilled.


Taino Ti, Grandmother Forest Bird

Sacred Circle of the Sacred Island of Borike (Puerto Rico)



An Open Letter to Grandmother Forest Bird

and Members of the Sacred Circle of the Sacred Island of Borike (Puerto Rico)


It was a great honor to receive your message ceremonially delivered by Otto Cabello Blanco Riollano and Spiritual Elder Reuban _____________ both from the great Island of Borike during the Summer Gathering at Manataka.  The people were very happy to listen to the beauty of your kind words read aloud by Otto Riollano.  Your message touched them greatly.


Reaching out with an open hand to our brothers and sisters in the South is an important mission of Manataka.  It is our desire to assist spiritual elders such as yourself in any way possible to support and enhance the blessing of indigenous spiritual ways among your people. 


The Sacred Circle of Manataka is always open to you and others who wish to further our common goals and aspirations together.  Together, I can make a difference!   We are most grateful to our brothers who traveled such a great distance and cost to be among us and deliver your loving spirit.  We feel the great energy and spirit of this sacred site.


With respect, love and peace,


For the Elders and members of Manataka


David Quiet Wind Furr, Chairperson





The Two Pots



An Elder had two large water pots, each hung on the ends  of a pole which she carried across her neck. One of the pots had a  crack in it while the other pot was perfect and always delivered a full portion of water. At the end of the long walk from the stream to the house, the cracked pot arrived only half full. For a full two years this went on daily, with the woman bringing  home only one and a half pots of water. Of course, the perfect pot  was proud of its accomplishments. But the poor cracked pot was  ashamed of its own imperfection, and miserable that it could only do  half of what it had been made to do. 


After two years of what it perceived to be a bitter failure, it  spoke to the woman one day by the stream. "I am  ashamed of myself, because this crack in my side causes water to leak out all the way back to your house." The old woman smiled, "Did you notice that there are flowers on your  side of the path, but not on the other pot's side?" "That's because I have always known about your flaw, so I planted flower seeds on  your side of the path, and every day while we walk back, you water  them." "For two years I have been able to pick these beautiful flowers to decorate the table. Without you being just the way you are, there would not be this beauty to grace the house." 


Each of us has our own unique flaw. But it's the cracks and flaws we each have that make our lives together so very interesting and rewarding. You've just got to take each person for what they are  and look for the good in them, and if you love someone, you love the whole of them, including the parts that you don't like. SO,  have a great day and remember to smell the flowers on your side of the path!


Submitted by Abe Walking Bear Walk




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Manataka Recommended!


Ghost Trails to Manataka

Stirring music. Intense, emotional and beautiful. Hear the legends of the Place of Peace. A Moving Experience. Only $19.95  Read More

Manataka Flag

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Native Remedies

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Over 100 Herbal Remedies




George Carlin on Indians…

Now the Indians.  I call them “Indians” because that's what they are. They're Indians. There's nothing wrong with the word Indian. First of all, it's important to know that the word Indian does not derive from Columbus mistakenly believing he had reached “India.” India was not even called by that name in 1492 - it was known as Hindustan.

The word Indian comes from Columbus' description of the people he found here. He was an Italian, and did not speak or write very good Spanish, so in his written accounts he called the Indians, “Una gente in Dios.” “A people in God.” In God. In Dios. Indians. It's a perfectly noble and respectable word.

As far as calling them “Americans” is concerned, do I even have to point out what an insult this is? We occupy their hemisphere, kill sixty to a hundred million or so of them, destroy five hundred separate cultures, herd the survivors onto the worst land we can find - and now we want to name them after ourselves? It's appalling. Haven't we done enough damage? Do we have to further degrade them by tagging them with the repulsive name of their conquerors? But are they really “conquered?!” What about the ones still here – are they chopped liver!?

You know, you'd think it would be a fairly simple thing to come over to this continent, commit genocide, eliminate the forests, dam up the rivers, build our malls and massage parlors, sell our blenders and whoopee cushions, poison ourselves with chemicals, and let it go at that. But no. We have to compound the insult!

I'm glad the Indians have gambling casinos now. It makes me happy that dimwitted white people are losing their rent money to the Indians. Maybe the Indians will get lucky and win their country back. Probably wouldn't want it. Look at what we did to it.


Submitted by Scott Treaty






"Green" Chemistry
by Lori Leah Zack

Pollution and progress are not synonymous! "Green" chemistry aims to solve environmental ills BEFORE they develop, with the use of chemical processes that are safer for the environment, use less energy, and produce less waste.


Modern chemistry has contributed to environmental degradation and the ill health of living beings through chemical processes and products, particularly since the 1950's with the rise in the development and use of chemicals for manufacturing and agriculture. 


The following excerpt is from the article  "Green Success: Presidential awards honor chemists for developing cleaner and economically viable technologies," from the June 27, 2005 edition of Chemical & Engineering News.


We have a very long way to go in cleaning and greening our environment, yet this news that the chemical industry is slowly turning itself around is a good start:

" 'We have changed innumerable things in the practice of chemistry, but the most important thing we have changed is our minds,' commented American Chemical Society President William F. Carroll, speaking last week at a ceremony honoring the winners of the 2005 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards. A few moments earlier, Carroll had recounted a story about how, during a recent discussion in China, one student's pronouncement that 'pollution is inevitable with growth and progress' had stopped him cold.

'From the perspective of the chemical industry, pollution and progress are not synonymous,' Carroll recalled telling the student. 'Pollution is waste, and waste means cost.' Carroll followed up by telling the student that the job of chemists is not to find a singular solution to a technical problem, but to challenge themselves to constantly find better solutions. 'That understanding is fundamental to what we call green chemistry,' Carroll said.

Green chemistry is all about more efficient production of industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and consumer products. That is to say, the purpose of green chemistry is to find ways to develop ever-better chemical products and processes that require fewer reagents, less solvent, and less energy to produce, while being safer, generating less waste, and increasing profitability.

The concept of green chemistry was formally established at the Environmental Protection Agency 15 years ago in response to the Pollution Prevention Act of 1990. The principles that guide green chemistry may seem intuitive or be viewed simple as common sense, but over the years they have become an intangible framework for the chemical community. Today, these principles are ingrained in the day-to-day operations of companies and increasingly are being incorporated into empirical research carried out at universities and national labs.

The Pollution Prevention Act 'formally recognized what we had learned--that laws and regulations alone are not enough to solve our toughest environmental problems,' noted Margaret N. Schneider, acting deputy assistant administrator of EPA's Office of Prevention, Pesticides & Toxic Substances. 'What we needed was the creation of scientific and technical innovations that eliminate pollution before it's created, which we see reflected in the Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards.'

The results of the awards program 'are pretty impressive' Schnieder added. Since it began, EPA's tracking of the impact of the winning technologies shows them to have prevented on average 140 million pounds of hazardous substances from being produced each year, saved more than 55 million gallons of process water per year, and prevented 57 million pounds of carbon dioxide emissions per year, she noted. 'In total, by our current conservative estimates, green chemistry technologies are preventing more than 3 billion pounds of hazardous materials or waste per year.' "

Read the companion piece to this article, "Plastics" from Corn and Soy!



Submitted by Lori Leah Zack





Manataka is proud to welcome Grandmother "Gram" Selma Palmer of the Ocali Nation and Grandmother Waynonaha Two Worlds of the Bear Clan of the Oglala Lakota who will be regular columnists for the Grandmother's Speak column. Read bios below.



By Grandmother Selma



Origins of the Smoke Signal



A gentle......almost magical.....puff of smoke rises up toward the clouds and heavens, floating, suspended in space, lifting then gradually disappearing, being consumed by the earth surrounding it and the breath of the wind that carries it.


An ancient skill of communication and survival, one that is simplistic in design, yet, universal versatility.   A skill of the Native American Indians, also of the ancient Chinese and presently used by the Boy Scouts of America.


The " sending station" was a high location that would be visible from another high location.  The individual sender laid flammable material ( logs etc. ) on a fire bed that was of controlled size and design.   Many of these were referred to as " fire bowls in earth Mother".


For the most part the signals or code was pre-arranged between the sender and the receiver.  There was no universal code for shapes, frequency or multiples of puffs. 


To have established a "set" series of signals equating to consistent meaning would have allowed enemies to " read" the communication as well.


" Fire bowls"  have been located and studied on distinct hill tops and are saucer shaped depressions, round or square, five to eight feet across and lined with field stones. 


The size, shape and depth of the " fire bowl" was in direct relation to the amount and type of " fuel" to burn to produce the needed smoke.


The stone lining aided in controlling the fire from escape and also provided " props" or  "braces" which poles could be laid across with either skins or blankets attached, allowing for control and manipulation of the smoke to produce "puffs" of visible shape and size.


Some of these " fire bowls"  or pits have been mapped and studied as they lay in close proximity to the " Warrior Path" that ran between encampments of Shawnee near the Scioto River and Ohio River near Richmondale.  This ridge and " path" of location ranges from elevations of six hundred and nine hundred feet.


In general Smoke Signals could signal danger, warning, call the people to a common meeting area, and transmitting  news.   Smoke could be made to curl in spirals, ascend in puffs or circles, even parallel lines.   Some signals resembled the letter V or Y and some were zigzag.  There were a few overall accepted meanings ..... as three puffs in rapid succession usually indicated danger.


Amongst the Apache, the sighting of one puff quickly losing its geometric shape indicated that a strange party had been spotted approaching.  If those " puffs" were frequent and rapidly repeated, it transmitted the message that  " the stranger approaching" was in fact many in number and armed.


The burning of wood has always been symbolic of transformation.  Changing one tangible form into another or others.  In this case usually wood being transformed to new elements, ash, lye, smoke, heat and water vapor.  Isn't it somewhat amazing that indigenous peoples utilized one aspect of this transformation of the smoke to communicate amongst the people even over long distance? 


When the sender " released" the message the receiver would then often times, become the new sender to another receiver,  often many times over. 


Therefore, in this fashion the information could be transmitted over vast geographic areas with accuracy.


Smoke Signals became Indian telegraphy. 




Gram Selma


Resource: Diary of A Visit of Inspection of the Texas Missions made by : Fray Gaspar Jose de Solis, year 1767-1768 translated by Margaret K. Kress with introduction by Mattie A. Hatcher, Southwestern Historical Quarterly., July 1931


Gram Selma©2006


A Short Biography



8/13/1945 -

Gram Selma is the Administrator of Ocali Nations Intertribial, a Florida native American Indian intertribal organization, and  is of Navajo/Apache descent.  Selma was born of the traditions and she has dedicated her life to the continued study of the same, having been blessed to be  a student of many well known and respected Elders and Tribal Leaders.

She has served as a delegate to the White House Conference on Native American Education. From 1996 to 1998, she was honored and appointed as a Peace Elder for Wolfsong, an indigenous world wide elders council.  She has also served on powwow committees and on Board of Directors of various Native American oriented organizations.

Recently she has been honored by having some of her traditional crafts purchased by the Fenimore Museum in Cooperstown, NY.   Since 1990, Selma has dedicated herself full time to "perpetuating" and assisting others in the perpetuation of the traditional oral teachings, sacred traditions, ceremonial concepts and prophecies of "the people" (all Native Americans).  Selma has shared "Circle of Life" classes for thirty years.  She is a licensed minister and spiritual counselor of non denominational status.

Selma Palmer, biologically  a Cawley, being the daughter of  Robert Harris  Cawley , who was adopted as an infant by the Palmer's of Georgia and of Una Johnston (maiden) of West Virginia.

Selma can be contacted thru The Ocali Nations Int. Inc., P.O. Box 2316, Silver Springs, Fl 34489



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Spirits Still Walk Here
By Waynonaha Two Worlds


Greeting Sisters and  Kola and may your day be good.  They say the Bear sleeps in the winter and dreams the summer awake.
Bear hold the memory of the spring the things that grow and the insects that appear in the Earth Mother.  The Earth Mother is a living breathing entity, once called the Bear star or Earth which is from the old word meaning bear. Bear comes from the Earth and returns to the Earth each Fall to sleep and dream the winter into being.

Each animal, bird. finned one, no legged, many legged, plant , tree and medicine that grows here on this Earth has a reason and a season for remembering.   The stones are the bones of the Earth Mother.  All things that were here before us and beyond are in the stones.  They are the  bones of our Grand parents from beyond time, fire, water and air:  are all recorded in the stones. All that we need and will ever need is here in the Earth Mother and on her growing still.

We at one time traveled the stars with the ancestors and can still travel in the free spirit form that we have maintained, and many are remembering to use. Through meditation and mind travel we are remembering the old ways.  Through the years,  much of what we came here with was forgotten.  Generations of our people have now turned to the modern ways of thinking. They have moved away from the old ways and taken on the new religion.  Power and control is in and  free thought and natural law are out. This has happened many times before.  We are not so concerned here in Indian Land as we know there are a few of the memory keepers that can still remember.  We all know that we are never alone the Spirits of the old ones still walk with us.  We have been given guides so that we do not lose the way.  They are walking with us and help us to keep strong  and on the path. 

The layers between the Old Ones and the Earth Walkers  are thin and it is the time for us to return to the fires.   This generation is coming with the remembering in their heart and you can see it in the eyes of the new ones here.

This is a time of remembering and to let your heart be open for the old ones to teach.  They still sit in council not to far from each of you and wait for you to acknowledge them.   Blessings and Love to you  Mitakuye Oyasin Waynonaha

There is a power far greater than the human mind can grasp.  This  is  the power we answer to and not the self made one formed by the lost ones who have forgotten where they come from. They are lost and have given there soul to gathering of material things here on the Earth Mother.  The ones who remember know that we own nothing of this Earth.


Waynonaha Two Worlds. Copyright (c) 2006 by Waynonaha Two Worlds.  All publication rights reserved.



A Short Biography   

Waynonaha Two Worlds, is born of the Bear Clan, Oglala Lakota and is a direct descendent of seven generations of traditional healers. Her mothers people are of the Southern Cherokee Nation of Texas of which she is a member of the Bird Clan.  Much of her youth was spent living in a isolated Western community.  After raising her family and working in the medical field for over 30 years she now travels worldwide.  Waynonaha is known as Grandmother Two Worlds by many people.  She is an ordained minister of the World Peace Elders Ministries and she has offered prayers of peace in all the corners of the earth.

Waynonaha Two Worlds  RN, BS, MS.  is a Doctor of Spiritual Healing, and private counselor as well as traditional healer. She currently makes her home in Cassadaga,  New York near Lake Erie. The vision that was given to her  over twenty years ago is coming into reality.


Grandmother Waynonaha says, "We must all reunite to pray for the peace of the Earth.  Wakan Tanka Kici Un"




Crystal Cave of the Giants -

Discovery of the Largest Crystals on Earth

Richard D. Fisher, Photographer/Explorer


In what has proved to be the discovery of the largest known crystals on earth, work is underway to document and preserve this historic find. While some minor damage has already occurred in the primary cave and a secondary cavern, called Cave of Dreams, iron doors have been installed by the Peñoles company to prevent damage to the giant, magnificent crystals. While investigations are underway the mine is closed, but with the newly installed lighting system, it is expected to open in the fall 2001.


Found deep in a mine in southern Chihuahua Mexico, these crystals were formed in a natural cave totally enclosed in bedrock. When I first stepped into the cavern it was like walking into the Land of the Giants. I have often admired crystal geodes held in my hand, but when photographing these unique natural structures it was almost impossible to get any sense of scale. This is a geode full of spectacular crystals as tall as pine trees, and in some cases greater in circumference. They have formed beautiful crystals that are a translucent gold and silver in color, and come in many incredible forms and shapes. Some of the largest are essentially columnar in shape and stand thirty to fifty feet high and three to four feet in diameter. Many of the smaller examples are four to six feet in circumference, have many incredible geometrical shapes, and probably weigh in excess of ten tons. The columnar pillars are at first the most striking shape, but later I noticed there were thousands of "sharks teeth" up to three feet high placed row upon row and dispersed at odd angles throughout the caverns. While some of the crystals are attached to the ceiling walls and floors of the cave as might be expected, some exist in great masses of spikes and almost float in air. These crystals seem to defy gravity, as they must weigh several tons.

The crystal cavern was discovered within the same limestone body that hosts the silver-zinc-lead ore bodies exploited by the mine. The cavern was probably dissolved by the same hydrothermal fluids that deposited the metals with the gypsum being crystallized during the waning stages of mineralization. The crystals probably grew relatively quickly to their immense size within a completely liquid-filled cavern.

As a professional photographer who specializes in environmentally difficult, narrow and wet canyons worldwide, it was almost impossible to obtain clear photographs even using every trick and technique I know, because of the extreme ambient environment. These crystals are probably stable, as the temperature in the cave is over 150 degrees Fahrenheit with 100% humidity. In other words, these structures are enveloped in steam. As a photographer used to working in dark and dangerous environments, this experience was unique. A human can only function in this environment for six to ten minutes before severe loss of mental functions occurs. I was so excited while photographing the crystals that I really had to focus and concentrate intensely on getting back out the door, which was perhaps only thirty to forty feet away.

See More Pictures and


[Editor's Note:  For years the Hot Springs National Park Service has contended that a "Crystal Cave" does not exist at Manataka (Hot Springs) and that the probability of a crystal cave as we described existing is geologically impossible anywhere in the world.  If the NPS and the commercialism in the area covering up the original landscape were to somehow to disappear, the wondrous Manataka Crystal Cave will reveal itself.   Like Indians, this cave is buried by dominant society, but not gone.  Maybe Creator will lend a hand on this?]




The Fire Keeper

(Ajrla akteeya)

by Evin Kenneth Richards, Jr.




In ancient time, man discovered the warmth of fire started by lightning strikes. At about the same time, man also found animals killed by fire --and apparently tasted meat cooked in the process.      It would seem they liked the taste of meat cooked by fire and early man began to tend fires for warmth & cooking. 


Since the early populations were organized by clans & tribes, and because they frequently moved,  fire was moved from one clan encampment to the next by means of a torch.   Early man seemed to realize, at the time, that torches were a simple method to start new campfires.   By early tradition, the strongest or fastest warrior was selected to keep the fire torch safe and secure while being moved from place to place. 


This warrior was known as the “Fire Keeper” by the ancient tribal groups, such as Caddoan peoples of North America.   The above drawing   of a Caddoan “Fire Keeper” shows that warriors, acting in this capacity, carried the fire torch in one hand and a stone axe in the other hand.     A turtle shell, held in place by a leather strap, was positioned to provide a protective helmet for each warrior’s forehead. 


The usual Cherokee name for a “Fire Keeper” is shown under the updated drawing of a Caddoan “Fire Keeper” drawn by the [this writer]  Many Native American tribes have an ancient name for the “Fire Keeper” --- and the Cherokee name was selected as being a common sounding name.  The “Fire Keeper” drawing shown is my “composite” made using various drawings of artifacts, and historical clues, found in  ancient “Spiro Mounds” constructed by the early Caddoan peoples.


Related information may be found in a book entitled “The Spiro Mound,” by Henry W. Hamilton, published in 1952.       Folklore from other tribes, such as the Huichol Indians (of Mexico), whose ancestors helped form the ancient Aztec empire, also tell of the legend of “Fire Keepers” or “Grandfather Fire (Tai) Protectors.”  Ed Semmelroth has discussed early practices of “Fire Keepers” in his book entitled,   “A Brief History of Fire.”  A number of specialists  ----- in the areas of ethnology, archeology, and psychological anthropology------ believe evidence of the delegation of fire-keeper duties, among primitive populations, shows the first start of social organization.  Historically, “Fire Keepers” seem to have some special significance.  However, given a lack of real, documented scientific evidence, to give proof that “Fire Keepers” are not a myth.


© Copyright 2004, by Evin Kenneth Richards, Jr., of Oklahoma, USA  (Member of the Cherokee Nation)                                       



Legends of Old:


Crane and Hummingbird Race

Alabama Tribe

Crane and Humming Bird were wagering things against each other. Humming Bird said, "I can beat you in a race," but Crane answered, "You can not beat me."

So he said, "Let us meet on a certain sandy beach." "All right," the other answered.

They jumped up at the same moment and Humming Bird flew out of sight. Crane flew along slowly behind him. He went all night and all day without stopping and stood upon a white sandy beach. Afterwards Humming Bird came flying to the spot. "I have beaten you," said Crane. Crane sang, "He wants to beat him. Hayoya' hiya hayuya' hi'ya hikamo'ca hikamo'lapi'tcai'i wa wa."

[The last words are said to be in the Muskogee language, but we can not identify them.]

From Blue Panther, Keeper of Stories Archives







I have this comment to add to all of the following.  I admit, I myself, cannot prove any heritage.  I have stories passed down from my daughter's other side of her family when I first met them, that she does.  Does this mean that I should be looked down upon??  I'm told by several elders that the answer is no.


I should be praised because I'm teaching my daughter about her heritage as I learn more.  I can only teach so much because of my current environment, but once I get out on my own she'll learn more.  My daughter has white skin, granted she's quite a bit darker than I am, but she's still considered white.  She's 4th generation.  Does this make her not native American??  NO  I don't think so!  She's no better than anyone else regardless if she is not a "pure blood".  I'd appreciate it if those who like to bash everyone who is not "pure" or of their heritage would stop putting those of us down. 

I want to learn.  Not only for myself, but also for my daughter.  So call me a "wannabe" if you must, but don't do it to my face or anyone else's.  Be honored that people like me, look to your ways and see them as better than most people's.  Thank you





Dear Manataka,

Dear people of the earth I Write to you about a project started from medicine persons in Norway called the WorldDrum. I hope that if you feel this project is right you can help spread information about it.

In these days the World drum is being built in Norway, it will first be used in a healing ceremony for mother earth in Oslo in September. The World drum is a wake up call, a symbol that there is still hope for humankind and Mother earth in harmony. It will go from participant to participant in the group. After the ceremony the drum will travel to many people, groups and tribes. To the same people of Scandinavia to Mongolia, Canada, North and South America. All over the world.

The people who wishes to receive the WorldDrum is to held a Ceremony for mother earth and is also the group who is responsible to decide who they want to pass it on to. I also hope you can pass this mail on to others that might be interested

Persons, groups or tribes that wants to receive the WorldDrum can email . I will write more about this as the information is ready.  You can break one stick, but if you have a bundle it is impossible



Dear Manataka,

'Traditions of our Ancestors'...

This was one of the best aritcles I've seen here so far ever.   I appreciate 'GrandMother Selma's insights and the Teachings this article holds within it's content.

Our People have often spoken eloquently, as is recorded thru various 'quotes' by those of many Nations .. saying what needs saying, allowing those of us who came later onto this World,  to learn from our Ancestors and despite all the harm that came to our People .. we have indeed, remembered them, thus, honoring our Ways, Teachings' and those who Taught
us, our history, and 'How to Be'. 

As I read Grandmothers' Selma's words, they felt like a refreshing rain, words written in a syntax that is more natural to me, than the English speaking 'world' off reserve. 

I am just only a bit familiar with Grandmother Selma,  thru some of the work mentioned she has been involved and committed to, in true service to the People.  In this, I honor her and with respect I say,  hau.. it is good,  it is good, indeed.  And I am glad to have visited this place,  and this post.




I am really fed up with federal bureaucrats.  They are not real people but zombies walking around spouting inane mountains of regulations written by greedy politicians and special interest groups.   I know the way of Manataka is to seek the peace path and I try hard to live up to that ideal, but it is difficult when I look at the world that dominant western culture - capitalism has brought to this earth. 


Down with the federals, down with the politicians, down with greedy international companies.


John Six Bears





Ceremonies Disputed

Lengthy dispute underlies Sun Dance conflict
By Anthony Lane, Star-Tribune staff writer


Some rules governing the Arapaho Sun Dance reflect the modern world.  Cameras are not allowed at the ceremony. Reporters and other visitors, when they are allowed to attend, are told to keep secret the activities they observe.

Tribal leaders trace other rules and procedures to an earlier time.  These traditions were handed down through generations of Northern Arapaho, they say, and were acted out this week in the annual Sun Dance on Wyoming's Wind River Indian Reservation.

The traditions were apparently interrupted at some point among the Southern Arapaho, many of whom now live on the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation in Oklahoma. This interruption seems to lie near the heart of a dispute about whether the Arapaho in Oklahoma should again be permitted to hold their own Sun Dance.

Gerald Redman Sr., a Northern Arapaho ceremonial leader in Wyoming, expressed reluctance to talk about reports from early June that Arapaho from both states disrupted preparations for a Sun Dance to be held on the Cheyenne-Arapaho Reservation.

"All I can say is that they don't have authority to do it," Redman said. "We didn't raid no camp."

What happened on June 8 is a matter of dispute. Patrick Spottedwolf, who faced orders from tribal courts in both states to refrain from performing the ceremony, told an Associated Press reporter the next week that about 50 people had arrived in their camp, cutting down a ceremonial arbor with chainsaws and then setting it on fire.

Spottedwolf said he heard "whooping and hollering" as 20 to 30 cars rolled across the field where a Sun Dance was to be held.

Earlier news reports said the group that disrupted the Sun Dance preparations numbered about 20. Officials from the Bureau of Indian Affairs said the incident resulted in several minor injuries and left several vehicles damaged.

Read More....

Reporter Anthony Lane can be reached at (307) 266-0593 or at    





News Flash:


Suicides Rates of American Indian Youth on Reservations

2.5 Times Higher Than U.S. Average

By John Fulton Lewis, Special from the Reservation Report:

The Bureau of Indian Affairs recently told the Senate Indian Affairs Committee that suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death among Indian children, ages 5 o 14, on reservations today and the 2nd leading cause for those aged 15 to 24. Young native Indian men are more likely to carry out suicide inclinations whereas native women are likely to think more often about doing so than actually taking the fatal step.

Jean Pagano, reporting on the Senate hearing for the Natïve American Press/Ojibwe News in Bemidji, MN, quoted Jerry Gidner, Deputy Director for Tribal Service in the Bureau of Indian Affairs, as stating that teen suicide incidence among reservation youths is fueled by poverty, alcoholism, gangs and violence.

In 2003, according to BIA statistical records, 21 percent of Native high school students seriously contemplated suicide and 18 percent actually attempted to do away with themselves. Among middle school students, those who admitted to contemplating such a serious act was 26% and those who made an actual attempt accounted for 15 percent of their age-level student body.

Suicidal thoughts among reservation Indian young people are largely the result of parental misbehavior such as alcoholism and sexual abuse, which, for the child or teen-ager, becomes unbearable. The Senate Committee was told that Indian youths feel they have no other way to escape the misery of their domestic environment.

As for violence, including on site suicide attempts at reservation schools run by BIA, the agency now spends $92 per student to protect both students and faculty personnel. A national consulting firm that contracts with Indian tribes as well as the Indian Health Service and others regarding analysis of critical human problem causes, a 2002 study show that 15 to 19 year old native American Indian youths had a suicide rate higher than any other ethnic group in the U.S. and three times higher than the U.S. average.

In the same year over 22 percent of native students on reservations said they had been threatened or injured by potentially lethal weapons while on school property. The Indian Health Service has now developed response programs to counter some of the family and teen-gang violence attitudes although a look at some of the suggested strategies are far from persuasive.

One such effort, called by its designers, A "Native Aspirations" project, is to try to persuade reservation young people to look at the advantages of their native traditions and the benefits of living in an Indian reservation environment. Any observer who has had the opportunity of on-site examination of many reservations is more likely to wonder what is there for inspiring Indian children?

Rundown trailers, cottages, broken down cars and occasional trucks in dirt streets, trash, empty wine bottles, beer cans and other evidence of alcoholism and drugs strewn in yards and streets, often provides visitors with alarming evidence of degradation and desolation. If this daily scene and environment would be appalling to the rest of our society how can it be less than that to impressionable American Indian children?

Reach John Fulton Lewis via email at The RESERVATION REPORT is a Monthly Media Letter Regarding American Indian Policies, which is published by New Century Communications, at P.O. Box 277 Reedville, VA, 22539.



Funny Bones...


You might be an Indian Jedi if...

- You ever heard the phrase, "May the Force be with you...aayyy!" -

- Your Jedi robe is beaded.
- You have ever used your light-saber to butcher a buffalo or sheep.
- At least one wing of your rezzed-out X-Wing fighter is primer-colored.
- You discover that Ewoks taste like dogs.

- You have ever had a land-speeder up on blocks in your yard.
- The worst part of spending time with Yoda is eating his commodity food.
- Wookies are offended by your use of buffalo robes.
- You have ever used the Force to get your tape recorder working so you could record that new 49er.

- You have ever used the Force in negotiations with the feds.
- Your councilman has ever said to you, "Come over to the dark side...selling out ain't so bad, enit!"

- You have ever had your R2D2 unit use its self-defense electro-shock thingy to give yourself a perm.

- You have a dream catcher in the window of your land-speeder.

- You have ever fantasized about Princess Leah's frybread.
- You have to use pliers to work the doors of your X-Wing and a screwdriver to start it up.
- Your light-saber has duct tape on the handle.
- You think "Obi Wan Kenobi" sounds like Ojibwe.
- The last thing you said before killing him was, "Take that, commod-bod!"
- You have a cousin who bears a strong resemblance to Commander Chokotay (oh, wait--that's "Star Trek: Voyager," never mind).

- You suggested that they outfit the Millenium Falcon with a trailer hitch for your horse trailer.

- You were at the cantina to do some snagging.

Submitted by Andre Cramblit, Indigenous News Network






Pow Wow

Rock & Country


Flute Music

Rap - Indian Style


 Specialty Songs




Lots More CD'S - Fast Delivery - Great Prices!





Bennie E. "Blue Thunder" LeBeau Sr., an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone Nation, Wind River Indian Reservation, Ft. Washakie, Wyoming is a MAIC Newsletter Correspondent.  His "Teton Rainbow" and Earth Wisdom columns are regular features on these pages.


Bennie has taken a short vacation and will return to these pages soon.








A special message to Manataka from Al Gore



If you are concerned about global warming and want to help solve it, I would like to personally invite you to see the new Paramount Classics movie -- “An Inconvenient Truth” -- now playing at a theater near you.

The film lays out the latest, up-to-date, most compelling facts about this unprecedented climate crisis in a foreceful presentation. It is filled with startling images and dramatic pictures showing clearly what is happening to our Earth and why global warming is now being called a “Planetary Emergency.”

I have tried to tell this story for 30 years. I’m sending you this email now because I feel so passionately that we simply do not have any more time to waste. This crisis is unlike anything we have ever faced. The debate among scientists is over!

According to the experts, the climate crisis could – if unchecked – literally destroy the habitability of the Earth and bring civilization to a halt.

This really is not a political issue. It is a moral issue! Here’s what the Fox News reviewer wrote about the movie: “Not to be missed. It doesn't matter whether you're a Republican or Democrat, liberal or conservative....your mind will be changed in a nanosecond.”

Learning about this crisis is the first step toward solving it. Then, we all have to turn knowledge into action and concern into commitment.

My wife Tipper and I feel so strongly about the need for action, we are giving 100% of whatever profits we receive from the movie and the accompanying book by the same name, to a bipartisan educational effort.

Last weekend, the movie broke the all-time per screen record for any documentary movie in history – and, incredibly, according to Variety, broke the all-time per-screen record for any movie opening on Memorial Day weekend. (Incidentally, that record was set by The Shining, back in 1980.)

To learn more, find showtimes at theaters near you and buy tickets to the movie online, go to

I sincerely hope you will take the time to see this movie. Thank you.

Al Gore Virtual Marcher

Graphics from:




Elder's Meditation

"A Sundance woman is like the morning star,filled with spiritual beauty, wisdom, and knowledge. Men and women are the most powerful of the polarities. We walk beside men as equal partners. It takes men and women who have respect and love for another to live within the embrace of Father Sky and Mother Earth."  -Dr. Henrietta Mann, Southern Cheyenne


Our ceremonies bring out the best in us. It's in the ceremony that we find the place of honor and respect for each other. The place where the men honor the women and the women honor the men. We dance for each other. The ceremony helps us remember our responsibility toward each other. Men and women need to be strong, to love one another and be faithful. Only by doing this can we give our children knowledge of good relationships.


Great Spirit, today I will notice the power of the woman;

today I will notice the power of the man.

By Don Coyhis









Health Watch... 


Soft Drinks Found to Contain High

 Levels of Cancer-Causing Benzene

by Rajeev Syal, Times / UK

Soft Drinks Found to Have High Levels of Cancer Chemical

Traces of a carcinogenic chemical have been found in soft drinks at eight times the level permitted in drinking water, it was revealed last night.

Tests conducted on 230 drinks on sale in Britain and France have identified high levels of benzene, a compound known to cause cancer, according to the Food Standards Agency. There is a legal limit of one part per billion of benzene in British drinking water. The latest tests revealed levels of up to eight parts per billion in some soft drinks.

Benzene has been linked to leukaemia and other cancers of the blood. Traces found in Perrier water 15 years ago led to the withdrawal of more than 160 million bottles worldwide. The disclosure has prompted food safety campaigners to demand that the Government reveal which products contain benzene. At present, the drinks¹ identities have not been revealed.

Richard Watts, of Sustain, a pressure group lobbying for better food standards, said that this should be done urgently because the drinks were being marketed to children. The scientific evidence is unclear about whether there is any safe level of benzene. We see no reason why it should be different from the designated safe level in drinking water. If it is unsafe in drinking water, why should it be safe in soft drinks?," he said.

The Food Standards Agency, the government watchdog, said that the products did not pose an immediate health risk, but called for further investigation from the British drinks industry. Let¹s have further investigations and regular discussions with the drinks industry to check what is happening. If levels are high then the FSA will take action to protect consumers, an agency spokesman said.

Food scientists believe that high levels of benzene may have been produced by the reaction of two commonly used ingredients ‹ sodium benzoate, a preservative, and ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Sodium benzoate is widely used in the drinks sector. In Britain, it is used in Britvic brands including Britvic 55 apple and orange flavours, Pennine Spring flavoured waters and Shandy Bass.It is not known if any of these products were included in the latest tests. A spokesman for Britvic has previously expressed confidence in its products.

A spokesman for the British Soft Drinks Association said yesterday that the industry was working to reduce the levels of benzene in soft drinks.  There is an obligation on the industry to have as low a level of benzene as possible and we are looking at ways of reducing the levels ‹ and maybe even removing the preservative ‹ if we can replace it with something else, he said.

When minuscule traces of benzene were discovered in Perrier water 15 years ago, it forced the French company to withdraw millions of bottles.

Tests have been carried out in Europe after US food watchdogs found benzene in juices and sodas. The Food and Drug Administration registered its concern about the possible long-term effects on health.

Professor Glenn Lawrence, of Long Island University, who first conducted tests for benzene in soft drinks 13 years ago, said that the combination of sodium benzoate and vitamin C was commonly used in drinks in the early 1990s.

He said that drinks firms were now putting vitamin C back into drinks to encourage consumers to buy the product. He said that this was being done to encourage parents to buy the drinks to improve their children¹s health but it might just be doing the opposite.

* Michael Faraday discovered benzene in 1825 when he isolated it from oil gas to form a chemical, six parts carbon, six parts hydrogen

* It is produced during incomplete combustion of carbon-rich substances: it is produced from petrochemicals, but occurs naturally in volcanoes, forest fires and in cigarette smoke

* In the 19th and early 20th centuries it was used in aftershave, for its pleasant smell, and to decaffinate coffee. It is now used as an anti-knock agent in petrol

* It is an aggressive carcinogen and may lead to leukaemia and other cancers of the blood

* In 1993, Professor Glenn Lawrence, of Long Island University, published research showing that the sodium benzoate and vitamin C found in soft drinks could react to form benzene. He suggested that drink companies were putting vitamin C into drinks to encourage customers to buy them

Copyright 2006 Times Newspapers Ltd.





From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent

Fluoride Action Network media release


DENVER, U.S. Newswire -- On Wednesday, March 22, the National Research Council (NRC) of the National Academy of Sciences released "Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA's Standards." The report states that fluoride levels of 4 mg/L or higher may pose certain health risks. Community fluoridated water typically contains between 0.7 mg/L and 1.2 mg/L of fluoride, far less than levels examined by the NRC. Jack Hoffbuhr, executive director of the American Water Works Association (AWWA), issued the following statement concerning this report.


"The drinking water community takes nothing more seriously than its responsibility to safeguard public health. To that end, we pay close attention to the best available science. The NRC report is an important addition to the growing body of research on health effects and benefits associated with fluoride.


"The NRC report examines the increased health risks associated with high levels of fluoride in drinking water, typically from natural sources. The optimal level of fluoride that results from community water fluoridation is far below the level of concern identified in the NRC report. AWWA, along with the American Dental Association and the U.S. Public Health Service, continues to support fluoridation of water supplies in a safe, effective, and reliable manner that includes adequate monitoring and control of fluoride levels.


"The drinking water community is committed to providing high- quality water that maximizes public health protection. As part of that ongoing commitment, we look forward to working with the EPA and others to review the fluoride standard in light of the NRC report."


AWWA is the authoritative resource for knowledge, information, and advocacy to improve the quality and supply of water in North America and beyond. AWWA is the largest organization of water professionals in the world. AWWA advances public health, safety and welfare by uniting the efforts of the full spectrum of the water community. Through our collective strength we become better stewards of water for the greatest good of the people and the environment. Web:


© 2006 U.S. Newswire 202-347-2770/



Be Love Anyway

When people disappoint you, Be Love Anyway

When people misunderstand you,
Don't appreciate what you do,
or their choices don't agree with what you would choose, Be Love Anyway

When people put you down,
disagree with you,
or resent you because you don't fulfill their needs, Be Love Anyway

When people desire you to be someone else,
fail to fulfill their promises,
or believe differently than you do, Be Love Anyway

When people demand more than you are capable of giving,
accuse you of not holding up your end of the bargain,
or say you aren't doing it the right way, Be Love Anyway

When people humiliate you,
throw stones at you,
or call you names, Be Love Anyway

When people tell you you're crazy,
blame you for something you didn't do,
or talk about you behind your back, Be Love Anyway

When people use you,
disregard you,
or hurt you to the depths of your Soul, Be Love Anyway

For GOD's sake and your own,
In all things and in all ways,
Be Love Anyway


Submitted by Galye Texas Wind Sexauer


Animal Rights and Wrongs....


Spirit Bears Protected

By Clifford Krauss, New York Times


Canada agrees to protect over 5 million acres of what is

known as the Great Bear Rainforest, home of the Spirit Bear
The Great Bear Rainforest Agreement protects 5.2 million acres of rainforest

 from all logging.  Photo by ForestEthics

HARTLEY BAY (British Columbia)  In this sodden land of glacier-cut fjords and giant moss-draped cedars, a myth is told by the Gitga'at people to explain the presence of black bears with a rare recessive gene that makes them white as snow.

The Raven deity swooped down on the land at the end of an ice age and decided that one out of every 10 black bears born from that moment on would be bleached as "spirit bears." It was to be a reminder to future generations that the world must be kept pristine.

On Tuesday, an improbable assemblage of officials from the provincial government, coastal Native Canadian nations, logging companies and environmental groups will announce an agreement that they say will accomplish that mission in the home of the spirit bear, an area that is also the world's largest remaining intact temperate coastal rain forest.

A wilderness of close to five million acres, almost the size of New Jersey, in what is commonly called the Great Bear Rain Forest or the Amazon of the North will be kept off limits to loggers in an agreement that the disparate parties describe as a crossroads in their relations.

The agreement comes after more than a decade of talks, international boycott campaigns against Great Bear wood products and sit-ins in the forests by Native Canadians and environmentalists, who chained themselves to logging equipment.

The process has already inspired similar efforts to save the Canadian boreal forest, to the north, and suggestions that the agreement could be a model for preservation in the Amazon and other threatened forests.

Scientists say the agreement should preserve not only the few hundred spirit bears and other black bears, but also one of the highest concentrations of grizzly bears in North America as well as unique subspecies of goshawks, coastal wolves, Sitka blacktail deer and mountain goats.

"It's like a revolution," said Merran Smith, director of the British Columbia Coastal Program of Forest Ethics, an environmental group. "It's a new way of thinking about how you do forestry. It's about approaching business with a conservation motive up front, instead of an industrial approach to the forest."

Under the agreement, the loggers will be guaranteed a right to work in 10 million acres of the forest, which some environmentalists criticize. But they will be obliged to cut selectively: away from critical watersheds, bear dens and fish spawning grounds, negotiators said.

"There's a new era dawning in British Columbia," said Gordon Campbell, the province's premier. "You have to establish what you value, and work together. This collaboration is something we have to take into the future, and it is something the world can learn from."

As a sign of new Native power gained in recent court cases, many areas that will be preserved or selectively logged have been chosen based on the oral tradition of Native groups and the opinions of their elders. These include areas with cultural significance like ancient cemeteries, or those with medicinal herbs and cedars big enough to make totem poles, canoes and long houses.

If the federal government agrees, more than $100 million will also be raised by governments and foundations to start ecotourism lodges, shellfish aquaculture and other environmentally sustainable economic activities for the 25,000 people who live in the region.

"Now we can manage our destiny," said Ross Wilson, chairman of the tribal council of the Heiltsuk, one of the Native nations involved. "Without this agreement, we would be going to court forever and we would have to put our children and old ladies dressed in button blankets in the way of the chainsaws," he added, referring to the ceremonial dress worn in past protests.

Among the supporters of the agreement are some of the biggest players in Canadian lumber and paper, including Western Forest Products, Interfor and Canfor.

"It's a cultural shift," said Shawn Kenmuir, an area manager for Triumph Timber, which has already forsaken old clear-cut practices and begun consulting with the Gitga'at before cutting on their traditional lands. "We've started the transition from entitlement to collaboration."

The forest represents a quarter of what remains of coastal temperate rain forests in the world.

Because 15 feet of rain can fall in a year, the Great Bear has never suffered a major forest fire. That has allowed some of the tallest and oldest trees on earth to thrive, including cedars more than a thousand years old.

An estimated 20 percent of the world's remaining wild salmon swim through the forest's fjords, including coho and sockeye, whose spawning grounds were threatened by erosion caused by past logging. Largely intact because of its remoteness, the forest contains an abundance of wolverines, bats, peregrine falcons, marbled murrelet sea birds and coastal tailed frogs.

The ecological richness is immediately apparent to the few people who visit. Within minutes of a recent helicopter visit to Princess Royal Island, in the heart of the rain forest, a group of visitors saw a pack of six gray and black wolves, a seal and numerous bald eagles and swans.

"Look at the forest move," said Marven Robinson, 36, a Gitga'at guide, as eagles glided through the moist air and the wolf pack played hide-and-seek with the visitors along a channel of diaphanous water. "As long as there is a spirit bear, we're going the right way."

The efforts to save the rain forest began a decade ago, as lumber companies that had already cut most of the old-growth forest around British Columbia, by far Canada's richest forestry province, began moving into the Great Bear.

A deluge of postcards and demonstrations by groups like the Sierra Club and Greenpeace at shareholders meetings and retail outlets pressed American, Japanese and European hardware chains to shun products from the area.

By 1999, when the Home Depot announced it would phase out sales of wood from the Great Bear and other endangered old forests, some lumber companies were shifting their approach, agreeing to work with the environmentalists.

MacMillan Bloedel, before it was acquired by Weyerhaeuser, broke ranks with the industry and promised in 1998 to phase out clear-cutting on the British Columbia coast. Other companies gradually fell into line.

"The customer doesn't want products with protesters chained to it," said Patrick Armstrong, a consultant who served as a negotiator for the lumber companies. "We're dealing with old-growth forests with charismatic wildlife."

Once Mr. Armstrong sat at the opposite side of the bargaining table from the environmentalists, but now he works closely with them. "This needs to be celebrated” it's a big, big deal," he said. "Everyone had a greater interest in resolving the problems than continuing the conflict."

For more information about the Spirit Bear go to:

For more photos of the Great Bear Rainforest go to:


-- Submitted by Lauren Zack



Sacred Little Cedar Mountain Legal Defense Fund

The Sacred Little Cedar Mountain Legal Defense Fund (SLCMDF) is now taking contributions to raise $10,000 to mount a legal defense to save the Little Cedar Mountain property currently owned by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA from being sold to a private developer.

We hope 100 people will contribute $100 each so we can start NOW to fight this federal agency's attempt to sell public land, acquired by eminent domain in the 1950s, for private profit.

We especially hope that Native American people will contribute to save this land that was occupied by Native Americans for thousands of years, lastly by the most famous Tennessee hero Dragging Canoe, chief of the Chickamauga Cherokee, from 1779 to 1792.

The courtroom is the modern battleground. The Fund will be used to pay court costs, employ lawyers, and to pay for technical expertise in the review of reports used by TVA to justify its "Finding of No Significant Impact" (FONSI) in its proposed land sell-off.  Help defend Little Cedar Mountain with your contribution to its legal defense. Every donation helps.
Contributions are not tax-deductible.

Show you care and that you're willing to suport the fight to keep Little Cedar Mountain in its current natural state.  Please make out your contribution to:  SLCMDF/CITA (Chattanooga InterTribal Association), and send to Box 1063, Chattanooga TN 37401.

The fund will be overseen by Chelie Britt <>, Gary Ross <>, and tom kunesh <>.

Stop the destruction of Native American sites in Tennessee.  Make your contribution today.

SLCMDF/CITA, Box 1063, Chattanooga TN 37401

The concentration of ownership of Native American cultural heritage by non-Native Americans is one of the greatest cultural preservation problems; monopoly of Native cultural resources by non-Natives is only slightly less dangerous to cultural preservation than their actual destruction.


Submitted by Tennessee Indian Affairs

Manataka American Indian Council






By Susan Bates


News and Notes From Indian Country



Many of you who read this column are just beginning your journey down the Red Road. There are many things to learn once you decide to return to the paths of your ancestors and it isn't always easy. For hundreds of years the powers that be have tried to erase all memory of the ways of Indigenous Peoples Our children were taken away
and put in BIA schools where they were forbidden to speak their own languages. Our religions were outlawed, our Fires put to sleep. Thus began the decline of this nation and society as a whole.

It is not enough to be weekend Indians, going to powwows and wearing cool beads. "Going back" not only entails
understanding how, why and what your People believed, but more importantly living it, so that the balance that has been destroyed can be regained.

There isn't one blanket statement that covers all 500+ Nations that once flourished here, but the majority of them were ruled by the Clan system which recognized the power and worth of strong women who, when paired with strong men, produced strong children, living in harmony with Mother Earth and the All That Is.

Sadly, the morality of this nation has eroded to the point of despair. Sex has become a marketing tool pedaling everything from perfume to tires. The ease of entering and leaving a marriage, paired with the "if it feels good do it" anthem from the 70's, has led to splintered families with no firm foundation to stand on. Too many children are born into this world never knowing their fathers and many perish at the hands of other men who only want "relationships" with the woman and have no love nor patience with her children.

It amazes me that in the animal world, the female of every species chooses the fastest runner, the best hunter, the strongest fighter for her mate. Yet a woman, who is supposed to be Creator's finest achievement, often will lay down with any and sometimes every man who comes her way. If anything is going to change for the better, we
women must lead the way to higher moral ground. We have to begin teaching our daughters and sons that they have great worth and great responsibility.

I have printed the following story before, but think it is worth considering again.  HOW THE FEMALE EAGLE
CHOOSES HER MATE (As told by the Wintu Tribal Elders of California)

When it comes time for the female Eagle to choose her mate, she prepares herself for many suitors. And many come before her. She looks them over quite well and then picks one to fly with for awhile. If she likes the way he flies she finds a small stick, picks it up and flies high with it. At some point she will drop the stick to see if the male can catch it. If he does, then she finds a larger stick and flies with it much higher this time. Each time the male catches  the sticks, she continues to pick up larger and larger sticks. When she finds the largest, heaviest stick that she herself can carry, the stick is at this point almost the size of a small log! But she can still fly very high with this large stick.


At any time in this process, if the male fails to catch the stick, she flies away from him as her signal that the test is now over. She begins her search all over again. And when she again finds a male she is interested in, she starts testing him in the exact same way. And she will continue this "testing" until she finds the male Eagle who can catch all the sticks. And when she does, she chooses him, and will mate with him for life.

One of the reasons for this test is that at some point they will build a nest together high up and will then have their eaglettes. When the babies begin to learn to fly, they sometimes fall instead. It is then that the male must catch his young. And he does! The female Eagle and their Eaglettes have depended on him to be strong for them. Just as we Native women and children need to depend upon our Native men. So what I would like to offer to you my friends is this. Sisters, how well do you "test" your suitors before you allow them into your life? And my Brothers, how well have you caught the "sticks" for your women and your children?

Whatever our past has been like, if we need to change, let's do so now together. Our children are counting on us to make these good choices for them and for their children.   Aho!... All My Relations."

A special thanks to Sue Rock who originally sent me this Wintu story.









For affection to the most good, we need to express it. When our affection for someone is real, our face will most likely show it and it may move the hearts of others to respond in a good way.  By sending a card, a short letter, or even a telephone call to someone who is suffering from some type of illness or perhaps a shut-in such as those confined within a nursing home, will appreciate our thoughtfulness.  Even a kind word at the proper time will help a person to respond in a good way. 


Many persons who have grown old cannot do the things they use to do, some of these folks might need a helping hand from time to time.  They can be shown affection from us in many ways.  Even a short shopping trip to the grocery store or taking them to pay a bill will show our affection for them.  If we never show true affection for others, it should not surprise us if we ourselves are not shown affection by others when we may need it most.  So be kind to each other and show true affection to those who need it and we may find that we will feel better about ourselves.


Daniel J. Hawk Hoffman Sr.  ~Seven Hawks





Indian Ways

An old Indian chief sat in his hut on the reservation, smoking a ceremonial Pipe and eyeing two US government officials sent to interview him. One US Official asked Chief Two Eagles, "You have! Observed the white man for 90 Years. You've seen his wars and his technological advances.  You've seen his Progress, and the damage he's done." The Chief nodded in agreement. 


The Official continued, "Considering all these events, in your opinion, where did the white man go wrong?"  The Chief stared at the government officials for over a minute and then Calmly replied . "When white man found the land, Indians were running it. 


No taxes, no debt,  plenty buffalo, plenty beaver, women did all the work, medicine man free, Indian man spent all day hunting and fishing, all night having sex."

Then the chief leaned back and smiled, "Only white man dumb enough to Think he could improve system like that."



Elder's Meditation


"...when we become hollow bones there is no limit to what the Higher Powers can do in and through us in spiritual things."  -Frank Fools Crow, Lakota



If we want to be of maximum use to the Creator, we must ready ourselves to do so. If we are to become a channel for His purposes, we must prepare ourselves to do so. If we have resentment, fear, selfishness or anger, we are not hollow bones.


We must be rid of these things. We must change ourselves. We must ask for forgiveness for ourselves and forgive our brothers and sisters. We must keep our insides clean. We cannot use our power in a good way when we have blockages such as  hate, judgment and envy. When we are free of these things the Higher Powers can use us beyond our wildest imagination. Then we can really help ourselves and help our people. Only when we are hollow bones can we have an effect on the world.


Oh Great Spirit,

remove from me the things that block my usefulness to You.

Remove from my day all thinking that is out of harmony with Your ways.

Grant me Your peace and allow me to function as a hollow bone.

By Don Coyhis




Warrior Society

Pay It Forward

 By Lynn Laughing Crow Selvidge



The concept is an act of faith that, movies and songs have been written about. One that can be propagated by all peoples from the homeless to the to the richest. From the prisons to the Vatican. From the mountain wilderness to the city streets. It can be accomplished in a short period of time or it can take a lifetime of commitment to complete. Upon completion, the synergy of achievement is almost beyond comprehension. There is no complicated formula or planning. It can travel thousands of miles on its own momentum. All it takes is for one person to say, yes.


What is Pay It Forward?

If a person were to find three people who need help. Not just friends or family or even acquaintances, but just three of the many people we meet in life that need any kind of help. Something that they can’t accomplish on their own and you help them. With no desire for any kind of payback. After you have helped them with an unselfish motivation, you simply ask them to someday to pay-it-forward. If your three people each pay-forward three people and those three people pay-forward three people, after only ten levels of participation, there would be 19,683 people touched. If there is a 75 percent failure rate then that one person would still have a positive impact on almost 5000 people.


Everyone can do something to help someone else. A homeless person can pick up trash in an old persons yard. A rich person can build a house for a homeless family. I know of a person who visits an old couple because their daughters and family lives far away, so the daughters visits three lonely people where they live. The goodwill is immeasurable.


The world is at a place in time where we are all we have. If we give up on ourselves, then the world will give up on us. The following translation of an ancient Toltec narrative sums up the concept in its purest form. 


What is true of legends in the collective sense, for all people, is also true in the individual. A single person may step out of their cultural pattern at any time. Producing dreams or actions, which bring to life again traditions thought dead or outgrown.



Laughing Crow








The Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friendship; meets the first Saturday of each month in the home of Bear, Becky & Amanda Moore, located at 136 Waine Place in Hot Springs, from 11:30 AM until 2:00 PM. Coffee is provided, food and other drinks are brought by individuals to share.


August 12

Patti 'Blue Star Speaks' Burdett begins teaching Peyote stitch beading. Supplies needed--#10 beading needles-- #9 beads--Silk beading thread. Money will be collected to order beads for beginning beaded women's breastplates--  -approximately $20.00 per person.


September 2       


Patti 'Blue Star Speaks' Burdett continues teaching Peyote stitch beading. Supplies needed--#10 beading  needles--#9 beads--Silk beading thread. Money will be collected to order beads for beginning beaded women's breastplates---approximately $20.00 per person.


October 7 

All members travel to Toltec Mounds where we will meet for a day of fun, togetherness, and spiritual enlightenment. Look for further details in Newsletters to come.


November 4

Bring supplies to begin assembling women's breastplates. Weather permitting we will adjourn to Gulpha Gorge for hikes to Goat Rock and Indian Mountain, drumming and a cookout.


November 11

Fall Women's Council Healing Retreat hosted by Cheryl Wilkinson, 1220 Reed Loop, Atkins, Arkansas. This event is for women only--absolutely no males. Females of all ages are welcome and do not have to be Manataka members to attend. Activities include potluck meals, singing, drumming, teachings, sharing and a woman's sweat. Please bring drinks, lawn chairs, bedding, cots or air mattresses, sweat clothes, and drums.


December 2

Christmas Party--Please bring a handmade gift or one that costs under $10.00 to exchange.


Beginning with the August meeting donations of nonperishable food items, toiletries, cleaning supplies will be accepted and are greatly appreciated. As the holidays and winter approach the request for assistance by those in need increases.


The weekend of June 16 -18 nine members of the Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friendship' traveled from Hot Springs to Eureka Springs, Arkansas for a weekend of fun. On Friday, they were joined by five other women for a cookout, birthday party, and drumming around a cedarwood fire at the Alpen Dorf Motel. On Saturday, fifteen women attended the Turpentine Creek Pow Wow, and on Sunday thirteen women visited Terra Studios, the home of the Bluebird of Happiness. Plans are in the works to make the trip again Father's Day weekend of 2007.


We extend our heartfelt congratulations to the new Manataka Ceremonies Elder Patti 'Blue Star Speaks' Burdett. Three men and three women now serve on the Manataka American Indian Council's Elder Council--David 'Quiet Wind' Furr Chairman, Lee 'Standing Bear' Moore Secretary, Rick 'Wind Caller' Porea Events Elder, Patti 'Blue Star Speaks' Ceremonies Elder, Gayle 'Texas Wind' Sexauer Public Relations Elder, and Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper' Moore Women's Council Elder.


As we bid a fond farewell to our sister, friend, and first chair of the Manataka Women's Council Sharon 'Kamama' Baugh we are reminded of the true reason the Women's Council was formed--to provide a friend. Recently Gayle Sexauer wrote these words about the Women's Council 'Circle of Friendship', "We come from all walks of life, faiths, cultures, and traditions. Some have been professionals, while some have spent their lives making ends meet and keeping their families intact. We are Daughters, Sisters, Girlfriends, Wives, Mothers, Grandmothers and Aunts. There is no price tag on what we bring to the table. It is priceless and precious. Most of us have struggled to provide for our families and ourselves and for this reason we are closer and more aware of Creator's ever flowing gifts in our lives."


Please direct any questions our comments to Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper' Moore at


Please Join Us!




Her Life Belongs to the Land

By Sean Reily,  LA Times Staff Writer


For 32 years, Navajo Pauline Whitesinger has resisted U.S. efforts to force her off what it says is Hopi land. For her, home is who she is.


HOPI RESERVATION, Ariz. — A rifle hangs under Pauline Whitesinger's mud-packed timber ceiling. It's placed within easy reach so she can scare off the coyotes that threaten her sheep. But there have been times when she's imagined other uses.

"Maybe we should have set up firearms at our doorways so we could defend our homes," she said in her native Navajo language, as translated by her nephew Danny Blackgoat.

Whitesinger lives like her ancestors did, in an eight-sided juniper hogan in the reaches of Big Mountain, Ariz. Miles from the nearest paved road, she is without electricity or running water. She sleeps on a cot over a dirt floor next to a wood fire built within an overturned, sawed-off barrel. She wakes each morning before dawn, and her first action is to make a small white-corn pollen offering and to pray in the direction of the rising sun.

Whitesinger is one of the last Navajos remaining on this land after the largest forced migration in the U.S. since the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. In 1974, Congress drew a boundary through what had been a 1.8-million-acre joint-use area between the Navajo and Hopi tribes. While an estimated 100 Hopis were told to move from what had become the Navajo side of the boundary, about 12,000 Navajos were ordered off the Hopi side.


Submitted by Lucinda Parker, Nevada






1. My mother taught me TO APPRECIATE A JOB WELL DONE.

"If you're going to kill each other, do it outside. I just finished cleaning."

2. My mother taught me RELIGION.
"You better pray that will come out of the carpet."

3. My mother taught me about TIME TRAVEL.
"If you don't straighten up, I'm going to knock you into the middle of next week!"

4. My mother taught me LOGIC.
"Because I said so, that's why."

5. My mother taught me MORE LOGIC.
"If you fall out of that swing and break your neck, you're not going to the store with me."

6. My mother taught me FORESIGHT.
"Make sure you wear clean underwear, in case you're in an accident."

7. My mother taught me IRONY.
"Keep crying, and I'll give you something to cry about."

8. My mother taught me about the science of OSMOSIS.
"Shut your mouth and eat your supper."

9. My mother taught me about CONTORTIONISM.
"Will you look at that dirt on the back of your neck!"

10. My mother taught me about STAMINA.
"You'll sit there until all that spinach is gone."

11. My mother taught me about WEATHER.

"This room of yours looks as if a tornado went through it."

12. My mother taught me about HYPOCRISY.
"If I told you once, I've told you a million times. Don't >exaggerate!"

13. My mother taught me the CIRCLE OF LIFE.
"I brought you into this world, and I can take you out of it."

14. My mother taught me about BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION.
"Stop acting like your father!"

15. My mother taught me about ENVY.
"There are millions of less fortunate children in this world who don't have wonderful parents like you do."

16. My mother taught me about ANTICIPATION.
"Just wait until we get home."

17. My mother taught me about RECEIVING.
"You are going to get it when you get home!"

18. My mother taught me MEDICAL SCIENCE.
"If you don't stop crossing your eyes, they are going to get stuck that way."

19. My mother taught me ESP.
"Put your sweater on; don't you think I know when you are cold?"

20. My mother taught me HUMOR.
"When that lawn mower cuts off your toes, don't come running to me."

21. My mother taught me HOW TO BECOME AN ADULT.
"If you don't eat your vegetables, you'll never grow up."

22. My mother taught me GENETICS.
"You're just like your father."

23. My mother taught me about my ROOTS.
"Shut that door behind you.  Do you think you were born in a barn?"

24. My mother taught me WISDOM.
"When you get to be my age, you'll understand."

25. And my favorite: My mother taught me about JUSTICE.
"One day you'll have kids, and I hope they turn out just like you"

"May the love of family and friends surround you"


Submitted by Jennifer Whitefeather Attaway






My Beautiful Sisters and Brothers all over the world,


The time has come to bring the integration of the self.  The time is here to embrace the Great Mother and the Great Father within ourselves.  The time is here to make the heart and mind as one and to bring the love into manifestation.


We will be making a ceremony of vision quest for the women and the men.  It will be two separate ceremonies happening at the same time with one intent – to embrace the love and understanding of the Father-Mother, the Great Spirit.  The vision quest will culminate on Saturday 24 with an honoring of a young couple who represent the Great Mother and the great Father.  The mother is indeed the mother of all living things and the father is the protector of  Love as manifestation, rejoicing creation.


We will have Great Teachers the whole week, that we must honor all the time, you will be the teacher.


The vision quest ceremony will start September 18  and go through September 24  .  We will be at the sacred place during on September 22 on the Equinox.  Let us know as soon as possible if you would like to come to make your vision quest since many preparations will need to be made.  Also, we need supporters for the people – so let us know if you can help in that role.

et us know if you have any questions and what you will need if the spirit ask you to come.


IN lakesh

I am you,


Magdala, Maya Priestess





Indians know it's time to lose weight when...

*  You can't see your moccasin strings anymore

*  You "duck" during the duck and dive and you can't get back up

*  You find yourself bringing zip lock bags and a sack to the powwow feast

*  You get in line twice at the powwow feast and lie by saying, "this plate is for my grandma who's sitting in the car," and you don't realize she just went through the line 10 people ahead of you.

*  You can't fit your choker, because you no longer have a neck

*  Your family has to stop half way to the powwow to replace the springs on your car

*  The car naturally tilts downward on the side you always ride on

*  The youngest kid with the shortest legs has to sit behind your seat, because you have to have the seat pulled all the way back to fit your beefy legs into the car

*  You eat Indian Tacos like potato chips

*  You don't even feel your mosquito bites

*  You have to "rock" a few times to get up out of your chair

*  People mistake you for a teepee when you wear a white T-shirt

*  You have to "lift" your stomach to show off your new beaded belt buckle

*  You order a coke and the waitress asks, "Diet?"

*  You almost pass out in the sweathouse using only one rock

*  You get scared your belly button might come untied

*  In a powwow crowd of 1,000 people, everyone stops you to ask your advice about the best food stands AND where's the best fry bread stand

*  Other dancers use you for shade in grand entry line

*  You lose a $1,000 dance contest because your excess didn't stop in time with the drum

*  Your buckskin dress looks like you're still sitting down even if you're up walking around

*  You have to have your parade horse backed up next the car so you can climb up on the hood of the car and get on

*  Your parade horse is a "Clydesdale"




By Linda VanBibber

I Wannabe.

Wannabe red, yes
And wannabe blue
Wannabe yellow
And green
And violet too.

Wannabe choc-o-late
Wannabe loved a lot

Wannabe a rainbow
Wannabe a bear
Wannabe a wolf-woman
With family to share.

Wannabe on a mountain
Wannabe on the sea
Wannabe on the river
Floating free and free and free

Wannabe a dragonfly
With iridescent wings
Wannabe a red-bird
That sings and sings and sings

Wannabe the morning
And the noontime too
Wannabe the evening
In shades of red and blue

I wannabe spring passion
And turn to summer heat

I wannabe autumn-wise
And wake to winter’s cold sunrise
With hearth love warm and sweet.
Wannabe everything –

Wannabe everything –
all that I can be
I wannabe Creator’s child
I know it’s all in me.


~By Linda VanBibber






Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.


Memorial Gift... 

In Memory of Lance Selvidge - Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock. 04-20-06


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham - We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever - Standing Bear.  Greg Gilliham 04-20-06


MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.


Crossing Over...

Diana Lynn Trullinger - Saponi Nation Tribal Council member of Willow Springs, Missouri went home on July 4th 2006. She was 49 years old. Diana enjoyed making baskets, sewing, cooking, riding four wheelers and checking the family buffalo herd. She made and gave hundreds of stocking caps to the Western Sioux tribes for their long cold winters. Diana helped with Indian presentations at local schools.  She loved her extended family more than anything and wanted to see the Saponi Nation Federally acknowledged as sovereign. She was the Tribal Secretary since 1999. She will be missed by all who knew her. Susan Bates  07-05-05

Sharon Kamama Kanogisdi Baugh, 56 of Hot Springs, AR, a long-time member of Manataka and the first chairperson of the Manataka Women's Council crossed over in her sleep from complications with cancer.  She will long be remembered as a great and courageous mother and grandmother of the People.  ~Rebecca Owl Woman Moore 06-30-06.  See related article in July 2006 issue.


Lynne (Yellow Buffalo) Feng, Grandmother Waynonah's long time friend and companion, crossed over to the Spirit World after suffering for years from Agent Orange poisoning.  Only he knows the depth of his challenges he faced in this life, and only he knows the ultimate reason for choosing to leave now.  Waynonah Two Worlds P.O. Box 142, Lily Dale, NY 14752  May Lynne and Waynonah both be remembered in our prayers.  Thank you. Ocie 06-22-06


Audrey Preble - almost 20 months old crossed while taking a peaceful nap with her dad.  Her real mission has just begun.  Born with a missing heart wall and DeGeorge syndrome.  Endured many surgeries and fought horrendous odds.  ~Katherine and Gram Selma 06-19-06


Robert Yazzie, - 81, Navajo 'code talker' who helped stymie Japanese in WWII dies at Nashville, TN on Memorial Day.  He grew up on a reservation in Arizona and enlisted in the Marines at age 17, becoming part of a group of about 400 Navajos.  The code talkers had to keep their work secret long after the war they helped win, but they were honored at the Pentagon in 1992. Yazzie received a Congressional Silver Star Medal for Distinguished Service at a ceremony in Nashville on July 4, 2003.  ~Gray Beard Vinson 05-30-06


Sickness and Injuries...

Patricia White Wolf Farnsworth (Missiouri - fell and broke an ankle.  Surgery pending.  She needs our prayers.  No we are not going to give her a bell. ~Sam Farnsworth 07-20-06 


Jay King - He collapsed during the Cherokee Powwow campground has been ill ever since with heart problems. I know prayers are answered. He is such a good and kind man, my rock. I took a fall as well.  Our family at Manataka are a great comfort knowing you will respond to our request. Love and prayers.  Ruth King  07-13-06


Aaron Friedman - Haifa, Israel - Haifa was struck by rockets from Lebanon.  We have not heard from my former stepson and I ask for prayers.  He was going to study this summer in Haifa, Israel.  Julie Maltagliati 07-13-06


Mary Mattingly (my cousin in El Paso) is going for surgery on her arm.  I would like to ask your people to pray for her as well. Y'all do a pretty good job. ~Leo Causey 07-08-06


Mackenzie Elizabeth Reed -  Saquo was born prematurely and we would greatly appreciate your prayers in smoke for hia utsi saquo for which ayv offer tobacco to nihi for high honor of such. This picture shows usti ulv on June 8, 2006 at 1 lb. 7 ozs and 11.5" long.  Elisi Spirit Dove 07-08-06


Henry Sidney Zack - My father has taken a turn over the past week and is declining rapidly; today the hospice nurse feels he may have 1-2 weeks to live, but there is no certainty of this, of course, and he may linger longer.  Lauren Zack. 07-07-06


Flora Causey - wife who is part Cherokee and I think she needs prayer for her body.  She has some sort of tumor in her abdomen.  It doesn't need to be there and doesn't have to stay there.  ~Leo Causey 07-04-06


Joyce Johnson - Atlanta, GA.  Diagnosed with bone marrow cancer.  Please pray for this wonderful woman.  ~Patti BlueStar Burdette 07-03-06


Marian Wilson - Philadelphia, PA Child.  On July 21, Marian will undergo an upper endoscopy of her upper intestinal tract, to test for Celiac disease, food allergies, and other possibilities for her continued, recurring illness and rash. ~ Kim Wilson  06-30-06


Kimberly Wilson - Philadelphia, PA - July 19 will be seeing a cardiologist for consultation of persistent symptoms of heart palpitations, possible
atrial fibrillations and/or arrhythmias.


Lee Standing Bear Moore - Was taken Friday to the emergency room during the Summer Gathering at Manataka.  on Sunday Bear's heart was given electric shock to bring his heart back into regular rhythm.   He was released from the VA Hospital in Little Rock on Thursday afternoon.  Bear was back to work on Friday and watching his health more closely.  ~Rebecca Owl Woman Moore 06-30-06


Dr. Ron - Has had years of pain due to a back injury and is addicted to pain meds.  He is still functioning as a doctor but on a very limited basis. I ask the Bear Society to take his name and do work on him in their next lodge, sweat lodge.  What I know is that the medicine of the Bear clan is extremely strong.  I ask that Ron begins to feel the energy and love that all those around feel to help him heal.  I've prayed to the creator, called on my ancestors.  It is really time that can tell what his future holds.  He is cutting down on his meds, at least he is trying.  ~Stella Turtle Lady Fisher 06-12-06


Robert Gray Hawk Coke, Dallas, TX - Long-time Manataka member and beloved elder suffered a major stroke on May 14. He had temporary paralyses that was successfully treated. Please pray and give up offerings for this wonderful man. Gray Hawk came home 6-10-06.  ~Victoria McBain.


Soaring Eagle Danysh - Wayne, West Virginia - Husband of Shirley MorningRain Danysh has cancer that is spreading rapidly through his body.

A rod doctors put in his arm is infected and needs to be removed.  The VA doctor who put it in won't remove it and the other doctors won't touch it since they didn't do it.  He is on a course of IV antibiotics that hopefully will help but the doctors say that rod needs to come out.  The infection is keeping him from getting his chemo that he needs.  06-09-06 ~Helen RedWing Vinson


Alan Fisher - Alan has healed from his surgery.  Back to work and on the go.  Only the future can tell if the tumor will return, we hold the energy from that if will not return. Thankful and Grateful for each breath I take upon awakening every day of my life. ~Stella Turtle Lady Fisher 06-06-06


The People of CHECHNYA - Having suffered from fighting for a dozen and a half years and there was no solution in sight.  He said it was
more bloody than a civil war.  70% percent killed were civilians -- children, woman, old people, others.  Homes are destroyed with people in them. Kidnapping is prevalent.  Before the struggle approximately 1.2 million lived in Chechnya, and now only 600,000 remained because of the deaths and fleeing.  Please pray for PEACE in Chechnya.  ~Lynn Smith via Barbara Wolf.


Dobby Sommer - Hip, knees, and ankles are serving with much pain.  High blood pressure. "Thank you for your seven day prayers. Actually you inspired me to pray for seven days for you and Manataka and the maker of my rattle. I have also been inspired to have surgery sometime this summer with my faith in the Creator rather than my fears. I am  getting more crippled, but I can still walk with a cane." Please pray for this gentle, loving soul.  05-29-06


Jeremy-white wolf,  Having surgery June 2nd to remove the steel plate and pins from his leg. We would appreciate prayers for him. When his surgeon said he had healed miraculously well from last surgery he told him yes because my native family prayed for me. I want to thank everyone for the prayers said and about to be said. ~Ruth MountianWindSong King 05-21-06


Beulah Maltagliati, 15-year old dog - has developed pancreatitis.  It's a relatively mild case, but pancreatitis is serious, and her being 15 makes it more worrisome.  She's not terribly sick now, and I'm so hoping she won't get worse. ~ Juli Maltagliati 5-22-06


Cindy Hogman, 32 - My name is Gary Hogman.  My wife, Cindy, was diagnosed with stage 4 cervical cancer and her chances for survival are very slim.  She was pregnant with our second child and had miscarried recently at 3 months, and now we know why. This is a request for you to forward this e-mail to everyone you know asking for prayer and ask everyone you know to pray for the HEALING of Cindy.  I want the whole world to have her in their prayers the next few weeks. God will hear our cry. Please do not be offended by my plea. Thank you from the bottom of my heart. ~Gary Hogman.  Submitted by Jennifer Whitefeather Attaway 05-19-06

Florence Thuot, 78,  in Deland, Florida -- Florence owns and operates Journey's End Animal Sanctuary (, the no-kill, no-cage refuge for special needs animals.  Many thanks for prayers and healing for Florence, 78, owner of Journey's End Animal Sanctuary.  Her medical tests indicated that she was able to tolerate aggressive treatment of the glaucoma in her one good eye, and there has been great improvement!  There is good reason to expect she will continue to improve, and her eyesight has been saved.  Blessings and love to you all .... Juli Maltagliati 05-15-06


Larry Irons - Still battling cancer.  Came back in his spine and right leg.  Very sick and on morphine in 4th stage of the disease. Walks only about 20 feet. ~Charles Irons 5-15-06


Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update.  We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 



JULY 2006 Elder Council Meeting...


The July meeting was held on the 16th starting at 9:05 a.m. and a quorum was established with David Quiet Wind Furr, Rick Wind Call-er Porea, Lee Standing Bear Moore, Gayle Sexauer, Becky Moore and Patty Burdett present.  Patty BlueStar Burdett was appointed Ceremonial Elder during the Summer Gathering.  


Asset Acquisition project - Manataka American Indian Cultural Center.  Good progress is being made. All positive developments.

MASELA (Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America) Project

American Indian Spirituality Booklet conversion to CD.

Teaching Basic American Indian concepts and philosophy

Organize, Teach and Enforce Protocols

Upcoming Fall Gathering

Elder Council Organization

Approved Motions: 

Minutes of the last meeting were not approved as the meeting was not recorded. Unanimously approved.

Treasurer's Report - Bear gave each member the accounting records for January to June, 2006. Unanimously approved.

Motion to establish an Advisory Board. Unanimously approved.

Motion to conduct the next Elder Elections to be held during the time of the 2007 Summer Gathering. Unanimously approved.

Committee Reports approved by consensus.

Rejected Motions:





Manataka Elder Council member Gayle Sexauer appeared on a nationally know radio show during her trip to South Carolina.  The top spiritual leaders of the country appear on "Living Successfully" Radio Program.  Gayle spoke about Manataka and her book.  





NOTICE 1:    TWO ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS REMAIN OPEN:   The Education Elder position will concentrate on developing public school curriculum based on American Indian philosophy and coordinating presentations to schools, civic organizations and churches. The Treasurer position is now open due to a recent resignation. The position will require experience in bookkeeping and/or accounting.   


If you feel qualified for this position, please submit your information now. Read More  (Posted 03-01-06)




NOTICE 2:     ELDER COUNCIL POSITION FILLED.  Long time member, Patty Blue Star Burdette Gayle of Hot Springs, AR was recently appointed Ceremonial Elder during the Summer Gathering. "Patty has great knowledge of ceremonies through her many travels over the years to participate in traditional ceremonies and the guidance of spiritual elders.  She walks quietly and speaks slowly.  She is humble and has an abiding love and loyalty for Manataka, said Chairperson, David Quiet Wind Furr.   Patty Blue Star replaces Jim PathFinder who resigned to devote more time to writing books.


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 


NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant E. Grand.  


NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Jody


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or... Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a small donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or...


1.  Computer needed.  A larger mother board is needed for in-office workDonated.  

2.  Reams of ink jet paper
3.  Postage stamps
4.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.

5.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Certain tax benefits may apply.

6.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.




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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Grandmother Selma, Florida

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala Ramirez, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas

Waynonaha Two Worlds


Susan Bates, Missouri

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Elaine Nowell, Louisana

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty

Linda VanBibber, Missouri




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