Manataka American Indian Council                                                                         Volume X  Issue 11  NOVEMBER 2006



Manataka - Preserving the past today for tomorrow 

American Indian Heritage Month

  69 printed pages in this issue



Animal Rights and Wrongs:

Gray Whale Nursery In Jeopardy

Raccoons Terrorizing Neighborhood

Book Reviews: Indians in the Americas


"Plastics" from Corn and Soy 
Elder Council Meeting: MASELA Discussed

Elder's Meditation:

Haida Gwaii - Traditional Circle of Elders

Natural Law - Oren R. Lyons, Six Nations

Feature Stories:


The Eagles Came

Cultural Preservation – Why It Matters

Fluoride Watch: Dental Fluorosis caused by fluoridated water
Funny Bones:

Greasy Grass

New Words not found in the dictionary

Woman's Perfect Breakfast

Grandmother Waynonaha Speaks:

Grandmother Gram Selma Speaks:

The Old Weaver Woman

Search for New Homelands

Grandfather Hawk Speaks:

The Secrets Of Life

Healing Prayer Basket:

New Additions - Prayer is Powerful

Birth Announcements - New

Health Watch:

The Five Basics for Nontoxic Cleaning

Hill & Holler:

The Power Of One
History: Some Distant Wilderness
Inspirational Thoughts::

This year make a decision. Get up! Get out! Live!

Language Study:

Ustahli, The Giant Inchworm
Legends of Old:

Coyote Learns to Fly -- A Shoshoni Tale

Letters to the Editor:

Heating Hearts and Homes

I do not celebrate Columbus Day

Must all Native cultures continue to be subjugated?

The Lënape believe in an evil spirit being

Our Native Americans are a proud people

Mother Earth Watch: Halloween Candy Made by Forced Child Labor
Poetry Circle: Tears That Fall From Father Sky 
Sacred Site Watch: Stop Forced Relocation Navajo Black Mesa
Tribal Politics: Revoking the Bull Inter Caetera of May 4, 1493

Upcoming Events: 

4th Annual Mary Wade Memorial Gold Tournament

Warrior Society: 

The Legend of Roland The Cherokee
Website Updates:  Nine New Nifty Novelties

Women's Circle:

Fry Bread (nutrition) and Indian Tacos
Women's Council: Craft Classes -- Women's Healing Retreat -- Parties

Women's Medicine from Magdala:

The Feminine Christ







Read details now






American Indian Science & Engineering Society National Conference
November 2-4
Detroit, MI


4th Annual Mary Wade Memorial Gold Tournament

November 3, 2006

Quinton, VI


Manataka Women's Council Craft Classes

November 4

Hot Springs, AR


Manataka Women's Council

November 10 -12


"Circle of Friends" Women's Healing Retreat

1220 Reed Loop, Atkins, Arkansas    479-858-8384

(See details, map and directions)


FWIS Arts, Crafts, and Dance demonstration
November 12
Killeen, TX


National Native American Law Enforcement Association
November 14-17
Las Vegas, NV


Manataka Women's Council Christmas Party

November 11

Hot Springs, AR


Toy Drive and Chumash Cultural Day

December 2

Thousand Oaks, CA


Bridging the Americas - Reuniting the Eagle and the Condor

Gathering of The Elders at Lake Titicaca, Peru

March 19 – 23, 2007 lists hundreds of Native American events including concerts, seminars, conferences, sporting events, and more.












Elder Meditation

And that, I guess, is what it all boils down to - do the right thing, everything goes fine; do the wrong thing, everything's a mess."  -Robert Spott, Yurok


The Elders say every person is born with free will and every person has a specific purpose to accomplish during their life time. When our life is relatively free from obstacles we are walking the path of God's will. If our life is full of obstacles, we are not doing the will of God.  Often, the Great Spirit guides us through a system of coincidences. We need to pay attention to coincidences. If we are aware of these, we often can recognize the path which God is showing us. We need to pray and ask Him to show us the path in terms we can understand.


Oh, Great
Mystery, let me recognize the coincidences.

By Don Coyhis









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Manataka Recommended!


Ghost Trails to Manataka

Stirring music. Intense, emotional and beautiful. Hear the legends of the Place of Peace. A Moving Experience. Only $19.95  Read More

Manataka Flag

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American Indian Tea Co.  New!

Native American Herbal Tea Co.





"Plastics" from Corn and Soy 

By Lori Leah Zack


Natural, or bio-plastics, are made from corn, soy or other renewable feedstocks and are being used in manufacturing textiles, food containers, and other products that traditionally utilize petroleum-based plastics. And it's biodegradable!!

The company Metabolix of Cambridge, Mass, was recently selected as a 2005 Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards winner for developing a fermentation process to produce "natural plastics" from renewable feedstocks such as plant sugars or oils. Metabolix is set to start making its product on a large scale. It will join Cargill and Dupont--former Green Chemistry Award winners--as producers of "natural", or "bio-plastics."

A June 26, 2005 article in The Los Angeles Times, titled "To Replace Oil, U.S. Experts See Amber Waves of Plastic" explains what is meant by "bio-plastics". The following is an excerpt from that article:

In Blair, Nebraska, Cargill Inc. operates a factory where "corn (is) coming in at one end and plastic (is) coming out the other...a series of automated assembly lines turns raw corn kernels first into sugary syrup and then into white pellets that can be spun into silky fabric or molded into clear, tough plastic. The end products--which include T-shirts, forks, and coffins--look and feel and perform like traditional polyester and plastic made from a petroleum base. But the manufacturing process consumes 50% less fossil fuel, even after accounting for the fuel needed to plant and harvest the corn.





Manataka Video Store 


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Code Talkers

Flute Making

History, Myth

Moccasin Making

Ribbon Making 


Healing Medicine

Regalia Making

Tipi Construction

Powwow Dance

Lots More Videos - DVD and VHS - Fast Delivery







The Old Weaver Woman



Each day as the sun sends it rays across the hills stretching out into the prairie lands, Old Weaver Woman starts her day. I have no idea of her other names only that we have called her Grandmother Weaver for so long as I remember.


In the early morning when the sky is only a gray light, she carries her water in an old metal bucket from the near by river. Filling her water pot on the stand in the corner she fans the coals of the fire to boil her coffee. From the cracked and faded jar on the shelf she measures out just enough to make her one pot of coffee.


In another small kettle she starts her morning corn pudding. Each day the same,  never changing she greets the day with prayer “for those less fortunate”, she says.


“Each day  is only a dream,” she told me, “some day we will all awake from this and find the vision that we have woven”. 

Once I had ask her how she came to find  the patterns that she put into the weaving. She said, “from all nature there is wisdom they too hold the visions so we can find them when we need them. It is from these keepers of wisdom that I ask for the patterns too weave.”


I sit by her on a low round kitchen stool looking around the small room lined with drying bunches of herbs we have gathered. Old jars and cans hold the treasures of her healing medicine and knowledge. A worn ragged tapestry bag that she carries her   healing tools in, hangs on a hook in the corner by the doorway. 


Behind the blanketed door is the bulk of the dried herbs and roots  stored for the winter. During the winter months she is called on for healing by the people in the small town at the base of the mountain. They barter food, supplies,  or work for the healing herbs and delivering of babies that she offers.




Waynonaha Two Worlds. Copyright (c) 2006 by Waynonaha Two Worlds.  All publication rights reserved.





(taken from online sources and eyewitness testimonies)



BEARS: Deep Red 



COUGAR: Green / Golden

COWS:  Yellow / Light Red

COYOTE: Green / Gold

DEER:  White /  Yellow / Light Red

DOGS:  Green / Blue

FOXES:  Blue / Light Red


HORSES:  White

HUMANS:  None to little


OWLS:  Deep Red


RABBITS:  Orange / Light Red

RACOON:  Green / White  

RATS:  Orange / Light Red

SHEEP:  Orange

WHITE-TAILED DEER:  Silver White  


Eye Shines of Bigfoot & other Animals     Submitted by Ed G Bak






From Grandmother Selma



Submitted by Selma Palmer 








He was an old elder of the Onion Lake Reservation, of the Plains Cree First Nation.  He was known as Antoine Littlewolf.  As a young warrior he endured many things at the hands of others.  He learned to be patient.  He taught he’s sons hard lessons.  He was known to have a sharp tongue in his younger years. He loved to dance the dances of the Fathers.  Antoine Littlewolf learned the way of the spirits and had many visions.   He was an Elder always giving counsel to who ever wanted it (and sometimes to those who did not want it).


The story of his retuning to the Fathers will be remembered by all who came to his burial.  It starts many months before.  Littlewolf felt it was time, to share that which he saw with his adopted son and dear friend.  For several years, before his old body could no longer do for itself, he sat with his adopted son, talking about many things; told him of sacred places; taught him the ways of the peace pipe; told him of his visions.  Mother Earth whispered many things to Littlewolf.  Littlewolf wanted to make sure he had done his restitution, wanted to leave behind the old ways which he only knew too well.  He wanted to make sure that these things could be taught to his sons, when his sons were ready to receive them.  For his sons walked other roads at this time looking at other Gods and not to the Creator. Many nights now Littlewolf talked to the ancestors that came to give him direction and to the Fathers that told him it was soon time for him to come home.  Then came Brother Bear.


Brother Bear came in the brightness of the afternoon sun and peered into the small kitchen window looking to talk to his brother.  Littlewolf could not see him for his aging eyes were not able to see much of this physical earth any more, but his beloved wife did.  Littlewolf could hear his wife shooing away something at the window.  He inquired to his beloved wife what was going on and was told about Brother Bear at the window.  He asked her if Brother Bear had brought a message from the Fathers for him.  She did not know for she had forgotten to ask.  It was then that Littlewolf knew it was time. 


Littlewolf, because he knew time was of the essence now, started his sacred chants and prayers.  It was time to get ready for the ancestor that was going to come and take his spirit home.  He talked increasingly more with the Fathers.  He talked increasingly more with the ancestors.  He saw many visions night and day.  His heart was softened, he could no longer see much and his physical body was failing him.  But his spirit, oh the spirit of one who does the will of the Fathers, becomes stronger and mightier as they strive to do the will of the Creator.  He continued his prayers.  His adopted son and friend continued to visit and learn and they talked much, Littlewolf doing most of the talking.  They would fall asleep as they sat together and talked of sacred things.


Then at last Antoine Littlewolf was taken to the white man’s hospital.  His friend now became the white boy that fed him, for he no longer could make out who was there, for now also his hearing was gone.  He continued his prayers.  His prayers now changed and now the prayers were only to the Creator to send the mighty eagle for his spirit when it was time.   He no longer could hear, and maybe wished not to hear, that which was said around him.  His concentration was on his spirit and the Creator.  For 3 weeks he prayed and chanted and concentrated on what would happen to his spirit.  Many things he said to his sons for he wanted to leave this earth knowing he said all and sorted out all that he could for the past mistakes he had made in his life.


He finally let this life come to an end.  We all mourned for our elder, our friend, father and grandfather.  He taught us much.  Helping us grow with much understanding.  As we had our wake for him, he was seen many times dancing to the beat of the drummers.  He was heard to say ….”Pick up the pace boys, pick up the pace.”  The grave was dug, the casket placed inside.  The family in front ready to pick their footsteps around the grave, it was then when it happened.  “Look! Look up there!” was the cry with someone pointing to the sky.  All came to an immediate stopped in their tracks, how someone dare disturb the solitude, the mourning.  But all who heard looked up.


From the east they came.  A sight that none in these parts had ever seen before.  They were only about 100 feet up in the sky.  You could almost reach up and touch the two of them.  They were magnificent and grand beyond description.  The eagles had come for Littlewolf.  Just as he knew they would.   There were two of them and they came from the east.  They were so close you could hear the swoosh of their wings, so close you could see their piercing eyes,  so close you could feel of their spirit.  As they came closer circling on the air currents they came to the gravesite and circled around it three times.  In awe we all watched as we sensed that they picked up Antoine Littlewolf’s spirit and took it with them to the west.  It left us awestruck and a feeling of total rejoicing came over everyone.


As the people were in the spirit and about to leave and tell all this wondrous story, as if to say …”Yes I am with them”, a solitary eagle came again from the east five minutes later and crossed over the cemetery and dipped his wing to one side. What joy and healing this provided to his people and what a new legend they have for their young ones.  A new legend that will tell the story that all the old ways are not to be forgotten, they are the true ways.   Our children must know that these things we speak about are real and not just stories.   


This story, amazing as it sounds, is true for I was there. 2004.


Permission given by SewingStorms

Submitted by Elisi SpiritDove (Carol Henderson)



Creator, whisper to me, in terms I can understand what it is you would have me do, I shall do it ~ ~Heya Ho

The love and hope of spirit spread on by the wings of this dove ~ ~ AniWodi Clan /Red Paint~ ~ Witsatologi nihi!






Cultural Preservation – Why It Matters

By Corina Roberts



For many years Native American elders and wisdom keepers have been saying that we must care for the Earth if we expect the Earth to care for us.  Now, the threat of global warming is no longer a threat…it is a reality.  Today, more than ever, we need the wisdom of our indigenous elders to guide us in our actions.


Native peoples worldwide have always understood that humans do not somehow exist separately from the rest of creation – regardless of our ethnic or religious upbringing, our fates are intertwined.  What we do to the Earth, we do to ourselves.  Our actions matter.  They have impact not only upon ourselves, but on the generations to come.


We need to take responsibility for our actions…for our health, for our planet’s health, for our children and for our children’s children.  We need to come into balance with our finite resources and protect them.  We need to act in ways that create a sustainable future. 


Cultures that are aware of this balance have always existed, but they have always faced and often fallen to the pressures of the more “civilized” dominant societies; societies often out of balance with themselves and their relationship to other living things.  When we talk about preserving and promoting Native American culture, we are talking about something much larger than powwows, or dancing, or learning ancient songs. We are talking about keeping alive the teachings that guide us in healthy ways to relate to other beings, human and non-human, and instruct us on how to care for our Earth so that the Earth can continue to care for us.


Indigenous cultures are not immune to the effects of the dominant societies they are surrounded by.  We struggle with complex issues; what is sacred, what is marketable, and where to draw the line.  We carry the additional burden of understanding that, while we must live in a society which dictates success in terms of wealth, our hunger for amassing wealth must be tempered with the teachings we know in our hearts are right and good.  We know a different kind of prosperity exists; one which is inseparably connected to the health and well-being of all living things, one which has very little to do with money, property and prestige.


For native peoples worldwide, cultural preservation is about survival; personal, emotional, spiritual and planetary survival.  We stand on the brink of environmental catastrophe now.  The wisdom of our elders and the right relationship of ourselves to all other beings is perhaps more vital now than ever.  Many of us were not raised traditionally.  We have had to re-learn that wisdom which keeps us in balance. 


We are in the process of revitalizing our songs and ceremonies, not for public display, but for something much greater; our survival as nations, as a species and as a living ecosystem, inter-related on all levels, from the smallest microbe to the distant stars.  Our elders understood this, and they knew what was coming.  It is time now for us to come forward and preserve not only our diverse and vibrant cultures, but the knowledge upon which they have been built.


Corina Roberts, Founder, Redbird

P.O. Box 702, Simi Valley, CA 93062





This year make a decision. Get up! Get out! Live!


Remind yourself daily, you are in control of your life.  You have the right to choose who is to share within your life.  The choice is yours!  Move slowly and choose wisely.  Learn to channel restless energy towards positive outcomes for self. 


Never allow restless energy to go un-harnessed.  Energy is what provides momentum in your life. Never, allow negative words and actions from others to control your life again. 


Learn to choose what you want and what you do not want in your life.  Remind yourself daily that your thoughts and actions will become your reality.  Beware of what you think. You may create something you do not wish to live with.  You and only you are the creator of your direction, your success, your failures and your tomorrows. Take responsibility for the direction of your life now and the all the years yet to come!


~Submitted by Romaine Garcia   










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Legends of Old:


Coyote Learns to Fly

A Shoshoni Tale

Goose said to Coyote, "I'll give you wings. See those two sharp mountains?

One is farther away. If I give you wings, you can fly up to that hill."

Coyote said, "All right." Goose pulled some of his feathers out and stuck them along Coyote's arms and said, "If you fly, sit on that mountain and wait for me. Don't go away. I will watch you." Goose sat down to watch.

Coyote said, "All right," and went, saying "Wa' wa' wa'." He felt good. He said, "I don't want to sit on that hill. I feel good." He flew a long way and fell down.

Goose was watching him and found him. He went to Coyote and broke his head.  Coyote's brains ran out and he died.

When he came to life he felt his brains and said. "My nephews gave me some mush." He ate some. Then he found that his head was broken and that he had been eating his own brains. He vomited. Goose came and found him and said, "You are bad, adabu!" He took his wings away from Coyote and left him.

Coyote cried. He did not know what to do.

Big Smoky Valley, Nevada
Some Western Shoshoni Myths by Julian H. Steward - Bureau of American
Ethnology Bulletin 136 [1943]






Heating Hearts and Homes

Average income on the Oglala Lakota Sioux Pine Ridge Reservation is only approximately $3500.00 per year while unemployment hovers around 85% on this 2.7 million acre Reservation housing app. 40,000 people.  Winter low temperatures in South Dakota average 9* F (November through February) Made worse with bitter wind-chill factors and Record Temperatures reaching -44* below 0*F (1996).  Lakota have died from hypothermia due to inability to pay for heating

Fall in Colorado means numbing cold on the Pine Ridge Rez. It is again my job to bring this need to your thoughts.
It is a good feeling to help in saving lives and thats what in fact I am asking you to do.

With the holidays coming up and the season of giving right around the corner. I am asking you to help in supporting me supply propane, electric and firewood to the Elders of the following areas.  Pine Ridge Reservation, Cheyenne River Reservation, Crow Creek Reservation, Lower Brule Reservation, Rosebud Reservation, Sisseton-Wahpeton 
Reservation, Yankton Reservation, Flandreau Santee Reservation


The least amount the propane companies will take to each customer is 100.00. Depending on the size of the family and the weather this will last about a week.  Although any donation is welcome, I wanted you to have a real time feel of
what we are trying to do. If you cant justify 100.00 can you help with 50.00 or 25.00.

We are expecting 160 new applications from just one small area of  Pine Ridge Rez this fall. How many more will come for help.  On top of our existing numbers we are feeling overwhelmed and need to ask for your help.

Please pass this [message] on if you will, please consider the first nations people in your giving this holiday season. What better gift than a warm place to live. To survive and enjoy the Creators gifts. Thank you for your consideration.


Please send donations to: Link Center Foundation, P.O. Box 2253 ~ Longmont, CO 80502-2253 or donate online @ line

he-c'e-tu-yelo [so be it]

In Peace, Keith Rabin

Submitted by Harvey Arden




I do not celebrate Columbus Day

It has been said by many others but I have been thinking about this for some time.  A national holiday has been established to commemorate the “discovery of America”. Unfortunately the wrong individual is celebrated.  Anyone with half a brain should be able to realize that when Columbus arrived in this part of the world there were already many thousands of people living from the northern tip to the southern tip of what is called the Americas – North America, Central America and South America.

Every time I read about or hear about how the Native People were abused by “civilized” people, it is upsetting.  The Native People were usually considered as “primitive” or as “savages”, yet the Europeans who “discovered” the new lands were unwashed, disease ridden, usually poorly educated and greedily looked upon what others had.

Evidence is found all the way across the Americas that demonstrates the presence of advanced Native cultures.  Complex civilizations existed in the Americas before the Egyptians even began to develop into what many now consider as a very important culture.

Over the past 20 or so years it has been my privilege to study some aspects of pre-European Native People and I have to continually marvel at how technologically advanced those people were.  Also, I have had the privilege to meet and correspond with Native People, including the editor of Smoke Signal, and am continually impressed with the spirituality of Native People.

I do not celebrate Columbus Day.  The only significance for me is that it is the day after my son’s birthday.  However, I do have a poster that I use when I present programs associated with Native American culture at festivals, parks and other gatherings.  This poster commemorates Native American Month.  When I speak to school children I always make the point that Native People were/are very special people and deserve our admiration and respect.

So this Columbus Day I will celebrate that day as the day when Native People demonstrated to the world that THEY DISCOVERED AMERICA.  Columbus only documented that fact.  I remember looking at a painting that shows Columbus “discovering America”.  He is standing on the beach holding a large flag, however, in other parts of the same painting are Native People watching the activity.  Where did they come from?  It seems that they were there first.  Yet, who receives the credit?  It may be slow in coming but the day will occur when Native People are seen for who and what they are – Special People – the true “discoverers”.

Matt Maley




Must all Native cultures continue to be subjugated?


In the history of the Native people of the North, Central and South American continents since Indo-European invaders set foot on these lands, there is much pain, yet pain can be healed.

But there is also the loss of a beautiful way of life in each of the countless occurrences of aggression and of the theft of the land by these Indo-Europeans. Why should, and how could, anyone get over this?

Should the rape of the earth and the destruction of all Native cultures still be said to be the "regrettable" but "unavoidable" price of what, against all reason, is still called progress?

Must all of humanity become a homogenous and submissive mass of workers-consumers whose indigenous spirituality is killed by "rationalism" or replaced by religious dogma, whose indigenous traditions are supplanted by ideologies, whose love of the earth is dissolved by an allegiance to flags and nations, and whose indigenous dreams are defeated by greed, by the worship of might, or by both?

Must all Native cultures continue to be subjugated and obliterated by an ever-present conquering force which, manifesting itself in many different forms but always said to represent a "superior" culture, religion, ideology or technology, brings diverse degrees of slavery to humanity, and forces it to loose all sense of the sacred in the natural creation, for the sake of economic or political interests?

Must civilization itself, which is rooted in materialism and in an ancient Middle-Eastern patriarchal concept of hierarchical cosmological order called Christianity, continue to impose by force, by persuasion, from a position of intellectual intolerance and of a belief in a grandiose mission to conquer and master all life, and from the simple fact that it deteriorates much of what it touches, its cosmological, scientific, cultural and philosophical models on every last culture, on every last land, must it continue to spread like an unstoppable cancer until it has blinded the human spirit everywhere and all that remains is conformity, uniformity, commerce and consumerism, ideology, dogma, the military-industrial complex, mass entertainment, toxic waste and the all-pervasive arrogance of those who are conditioned to perceive themselves to be above all of creation and to be chosen, by their God or because they believe they possess the most developed brain of all creatures, to govern the natural universe?

Raphael Montoliu




The Lënape, believe in an evil spirit being


As I was reading the recent article in "Smoke Signals" about the color red, several things came to mind, and I wanted to voice them. 

First, in the article it states that the color red is the universal color of war, while this true in many of our cultures, it is not necessarily true in all.  In many eastern cultures red is a sacred not necessarily associated with war.   The Lënape believe that red is the color of light, the day, and of life in both this world and the after world.  One of the most important Spirit Beings in Lënape beliefs is Misinkhàlikàn, who is the protector of the woods, the animals, and children.  Misinkhàlikàn, also called Misink or Mesingw, also gave the Lënape people their most important "religious" ceremony - the Xingwikaon, or Big House Ceremony.  Misink is easily recognized by his half red-half black face, copper eyes, and fur covered body.

In the morning one should paint his face and the part in the hair with red olaman to signify that he is alive, awake, and ready to face the day, but at the end of the day every trace of the paint should be removed.  It is also our custom to paint the face and hair part of the deceased to signify to the spirit world that the person is ready to begin life in that world.  If a living person were to fall asleep wearing red paint, the spirit world may mistakenly assume the person is dead and try to take his spirit.

The Smearers, two individuals, who announce the upcoming Corn Harvest Ceremony, wear two different masks painted red and black.  The exact pattern of the masks depend on the time of day.  In either case, the red symbolizes the day - or light, while the black symbolizes the night - or darkness.

While it true that the Lënape used a pure white wampum belt depicting only a single red tomahawk as a call to war, the color red had significantly more meaning as a symbol of life and of the day (light).  Along with the color black, it is a sacred color.

Secondly, I had read some earlier writings which stated that no Indian culture includes a devil.  The Lënape, believe in an evil spirit being, called Matantu.  Matantu created evil and ugly things to counter act the good and beauty created by Kishelëmùkòng, the Creator.  Kishelëmùkòng, knew that nothing could exist without its opposite also existing - this is what keeps the creation in balance - so he created Matantu.   Matantu also takes the souls of those who lived less than good lives and torments them for a time before returning them to this world in another form, so that they, in turn, can torment the living, hoping to cause the living to do some evil act out of his frustration or anger.  In this way Matantu recruits new souls. In our creation story an evil spirit being, called Maxa'xak, killed the water keeper causing a great flood which destroyed the earth.  Devils and evil spirit beings do exist in Native American cultures.

I have also noticed that in many of these writings, the examples given are nearly exclusively those peoples of the plains, particularly the Lakota.  I think that this helps to perpetuate the stereotype of all Native Americans.  Whites, and sadly enough even some Native Americans, have fallen into the stereotype trap that all Indians are Lakota, live on the plains in tipis, and hunt buffalo.   That if you don't look like a Lakota, Crow, Apache, or other plains Indian, then you can't really be an Indian.  There are many cultures besides those of the plains peoples, and there is as much diversity in physical characteristics among our peoples as there are among the Caucasian peoples. 

If our purpose, as Native Americans, is to educate the other races about our history and cultures, then we must be very careful not to fall into the same generalities and stereotypes that those other races have placed upon us.

~Mèssochwen Tëme




Our Native Americans are a proud people.


Some dozen or so years ago, at a time when our country was at peace, I was privileged to be a guest at the installation of new members of the Kiowa "Black Legging Society".   This was at Anadarko, Oklahoma, America's "home of the red man"


The ceremony was a full pow-wow, complete with drummers and dancers, and a speech given in the Kiowa language, translated for whitey's ears.


Years ago, when the Indian wars were winding down and most tribes had been moved to their reservations, tribal warrior societies were banned, or at least frowned upon by the US military.   The Kiowa Black Leggings evolved into a Veteran's group, and every man at the ceremony who was a member of the Leggins wore a distinctive vest, upon which were displayed his rank, branch of service, and whatever military honors he might have gathered.


The Kiowa were never a numerous tribe, and were linguistically unique.  


They lived on the Eastern plains of Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas...wherever the hunting was best at the time.    They had the fierce Comanche on one side, the Apache on another and the Utes behind them.   Even though small in number, they more than held their own against all comers, and held the respect of their neighbors because of that.


The number of vests at that pow-wow, and the decorations they bore, convinced me that these people are Americans...make no mistake about that.


~Bill Sawyer





Revoking the Bull Inter Caetera of May 4, 1493



The first annual papal bulls (religious sanctioning of genocide) burning took place on October 12, 1997 in front of the Catholic Diocese of Honolulu. Here, 'Ululani Po'ohina burns a papal bull. In the background, from left to right, Kanaka Maoli Hawaiian rights activists Eric Po'ohina, Kekuni Blaisdell, and Soli Niheu look on, while Tony Castanha reads from Las Casas.


At the Parliament of World Religions in 1993, over sixty indigenous delegates drafted a Declaration of Vision, which was originally "endorsed by resolution in a near unanimous vote" of the Parliament (Taliman 1994). It reads, in part:


We call upon the people of conscience in the Roman Catholic hierarchy to persuade Pope John II to formally revoke the Inter Cetera Bull of May 4, 1493, which will restore our fundamental human rights. That Papal document called for our Nations and Peoples to be subjugated so the Christian Empire nd its doctrines would be propagated. The U.S. Supreme Court ruling Johnson v. McIntosh 8 Wheat 543 (in 1823) adopted the same principle of subjugation expressed in the Inter Caetera bull. This Papal Bull has been, and continues to be, devastating to our religions, our cultures, and the survival of our populations.

Submitted by Scott Treaty



Funny Bones...



Greasy Grass (Little Big Horn)


The night before the Battle of the Greasy Grass, General Custer and one of his lieutenants awoke looking up at the heavens.


“I think we will have a good chance to wipe out the Sioux tomorrow noon, what do you think, Lieutenant? Tell me what you see when you look up at the stars on the eve of this great battle with the Lakota.”


The Lieutenant replied, “I see the Lakota have stolen our tent.”







Pow Wow

Rock & Country


Flute Music

Rap - Indian Style


 Specialty Songs




Lots More CD'S - Fast Delivery - Great Prices!








The scariest thing about Halloween this year won't be the costumes... it's the chocolate. Almost half of the world's cocoa is being produced on West African plantations where, according to the UN's International Labor Organization, 284,000 child laborers "are either involved in hazardous work, unprotected, or have been trafficked." Say no to the chocolate industry's ghoulish links to child slavery by buying Fair Trade and organic chocolate.

  • Help educate people about this important issue by sending a letter to the editor of your local newspaper  

  • Host a slavery-free Halloween house party to distribute trick-or-treat sized Fair Trade chocolate minis to your friends and neighbors. Fair Trade trick-or-treat kits:

  • Order Fair Trade chocolate minis for your Halloween party or trick-or-treaters: l

  • Help us publicize the slavery-free Halloween campaign by letting us know about your house party. Contact:


A new study published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences makes a convincing case that salmon farms are killing off wild salmon."Before we knew there were potential problems," said Martin Krkosek, a doctoral student at the University of Alberta who was lead author of the study. "Now it is very clear we have severe problems here." The study found that salmon farms are massive breeding grounds for parasites known as sea lice. The parasites then concentrate in rivers and streams and kill the young salmon who do not have scales to protect themselves. Most salmon farms are located in Canada, where 280 salmon farms produce about 96,000 tons of salmon each year. About 70 percent goes U.S. consumers. The study, which confirms previous findings, is the most comprehensive to date. Responding to this study and similar past study results, Andrew Thomson, Canada's government head of Pacific fisheries, said, "We need to do more research on it." Farmed salmon is also known to have higher levels of PCBs than wild salmon.


The prestigious Journal of the American College of Nutrition (JACN) has published several studies claiming that excessive salt consumption is not as bad for your health as was previously determined. The published studies have since received press attention all over the U.S. It has now been revealed that the guest editor of that particular issue of the journal Dr. Alexander G. Logan, was a paid consultant to the salt industry. The regular editors of JACN also allowed the piece to be edited by a sodium committee stacked with representatives from Frito-Lay, Heinz, Kraft, and Proctor & Gamble. Several of the studies were written by past and current consultants to the Salt Institute, which is the industry's lobbying arm. JACN has since apologized for not disclosing this information and for publishing studies that it now confesses were not even peer-reviewed, which is supposed to be standard protocol for publishing any study.





Elder's Meditation


"Men and women have an equal responsibility to restore the strength of the family, which is the foundation of all cultures." --Haida Gwaii, Traditional Circle of Elders

The family is the heartbeat and strength of the culture. The grandfathers and grandmothers taught their children; they in turn had children who taught their children. If the family isn't taught the culture, then the children become adults and the adults become the grandfathers and grandmothers and the result is the culture becomes lost. This is how language is lost; this is how dances are lost; this is how knowledge is lost. We need to listen to our Elders, today, before it's too late.

Great Spirit,
teach me the culture so I can teach the children.

By Don Coyhis





Praying Hands, Arkansas Salmon Bay, Washington Cecil the Dinosaur, Colorado


Just Kidding...

Submitted by Lila Weeks


Health Watch... 


To Preserve Their Health and Heritage, Arizona Indians Reclaim Ancient Foods -- 

Desert's bounty cuts overweight and diabetes

By Jane E. Brody

Both fruits and pads of the prickly pear cactus are rich in slowly absorbed soluble fibers that help keep blood sugar stable.

Going back to one's roots could soon take on a more literal meaning for the Indians of the American Southwest, as well as for peoples elsewhere in the world who are poorly adapted to rich, refined foods.

For the sake of their health, as well as their cultural heritage, the Pima and Tohono O'odham tribes of Arizona are being urged to rediscover the desert foods their people traditionally consumed until as recently as the 1940's.

Studies strongly indicate that people who evolved in these arid lands are metabolically best suited to the feast-and-famine cycles of their forebears who survived on the desert's unpredictable bounty, both wild and cultivated.

By contrast, the modern North American diet is making them sick. With rich food perpetually available, weights in the high 200's and 300's are not uncommon among these once-lean people. As many as half the Pima and Tohono O'odham (formerly Papago) Indians now develop diabetes by the age of 35, an incidence 15 times higher than for Americans as a whole. Yet, before World War II, diabetes was rare in this population.

Similar problems have been found among Australian aborigines, Pacific Islanders and other peoples whose survival historically depended on their ability to stash away calories in times of plenty to sustain them during droughts and crop failures. The Pima and Tohono O'odham Indians seem unusually efficient at turning calories to body fat; nutritionists say they gain weight readily on the kinds and amounts of foods people of European descent can eat with no problem.

One tablespoon of buds from the cholla cactus has as much calcium as eight ounces of milk. The buds are rich in soluble fiber that helps regulate blood sugar.

Preliminary studies have indicated that a change in the Indian diet back to the beans, corn, grains, greens and other low-fat high-fiber plant foods that their ancestors depended upon can normalize blood sugar, suppress between-meal hunger and probably also foster weight loss.

Read More....

Eric Ravussin, Mauro Valencia, Julian Esparza, Peter Bennet, Leslie Schulz From Diabetes Care, vol. 17, no. 9, Sept. 1994
Science Times; The New York Times

Submitted by Andrea Crambit, Native Diet (health)





From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent

Fluoride Action Network


Unsightly Moderate Dental Fluorosis is caused by exposure to fluoridated water.

By David Kennedy


A reasonable way forward would be to convince government officials to stop promoting fluoridation and use the money saved on promotion to do well-conducted, critical studies of both benefits and risks, Taves said. Studies of the benefits of fluoride need to be blind and avoid being confounded by delayed tooth eruption, he observed. "We can't rule out the possibility that bone fracture rates are lower with water fluoridated at the optimal level (about 1 mg/L)," he said. "If fluoridation were stopped first, there wouldn't be any way to compare different groups, those with and without exposure to fluoridated water."


Most of the attendees at the meeting disagreed with Taves' suggestion. "If EPA just did simple arithmetic in a risk assessment, it would have to come up with a standard for fluoride in drinking water of less than 1 mg/L," Paul Connett said.


The meeting adjourned with no clear strategy on how to make progress toward resolving the fluoride debate. With the exception of Taves, most of the participants would like to ban water fluoridation immediately and outlaw food uses of sulfuryl fluoride as well. But so far, they have won only minor skirmishes in the struggle-about half the state referenda when fluoridation comes up for a vote.


Few speakers discussed any possible benefits of fluoridation, so there was no meaningful dialogue between opposing sides. Before the meeting, organizer Paul Connett had invited William R. Maas, director of the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) Division of Oral Health, to come to the conference and present the reasons why he believes it is still a good idea to fluoridate drinking water. In a letter written in June, The findings of the 2006 NRC report on fluoride "are consistent with our assessment that water is safe and healthy at the levels used for water fluoridation (0.7-1.2 mg/L)," Maas wrote.

As long as most public health professionals' views on the benefits and risks of fluoride remain diametrically opposed to the views of some researchers who study the potential health effects−even when they are both evaluating the same evidence−it is hard to imagine a near-term resolution of this controversy.

Copyright © 2006 American Chemical Society
Chemical & Engineering News,  ISSN 0009-2347




The Five Basics for Nontoxic Cleaning

by Annie Berthold-Bond, Producer, Green Living Channels


Learning to clean from scratch—making home-made recipes—can truly work if you take time to understand a bit about the chemistry behind how the materials work. Here are the five ingredients that I find to be the safest, most effective, and useful for cleaning.


Simple Solutions:

Baking Soda
A commonly available mineral full of many cleaning attributes, baking soda is made from soda ash, and is slightly alkaline (it’s pH is around 8.1; 7 is neutral). It neutralizes acid-based odors in water, and adsorbs odors from the air. Sprinkled on a damp sponge or cloth, baking soda can be used as a gentle nonabrasive cleanser for kitchen counter tops, sinks, bathtubs, ovens, and fiberglass. It will eliminate perspiration odors and even neutralize the smell of many chemicals if you add up to a cup per load to the laundry. It is a useful air freshener, and a fine carpet deodorizer.


Washing Soda
A chemical neighbor of baking soda, washing soda (sodium carbonate) is much more strongly alkaline, with a pH around 11. It releases no harmful fumes and is far safer than a commercial solvent formula, but you should wear gloves when using it because it is caustic. Washing soda cuts grease, cleans petroleum oil, removes wax or lipstick, and neutralizes odors in the same way that baking soda does. Don’t use it on fiberglass, aluminum or waxed floors—unless you intend to remove the wax.


White Vinegar and Lemon Juice
White vinegar and lemon juice are acidic—they neutralize alkaline substances such as scale from hard water. Acids dissolve gummy buildup, eat away tarnish, and remove dirt from wood surfaces.


Liquid Soaps and Detergent Liquid soaps and detergents are necessary for cutting grease, and they are not the same thing. Soap is made from fats and lye. Detergents are synthetic materials discovered and synthesized early in this century. Unlike soap, detergents are designed specifically so that they don’t react with hard water minerals and cause soap scum. If you have hard water buy a biodegradable detergent without perfumes; if you have soft water you can use liquid soap (both are available in health food stores).


Mold Killers and Disinfectants For a substance to be registered by the EPA as a disinfectant it must go through extensive and expensive tests. EPA recommends simple soap to use as a disinfectant There are many essential oils, such as lavender, clove, and tea tree oil (an excellent natural fungicide), that are very antiseptic, as is grapefruit seed extract, even though they aren’t registered as such. Use one teaspoon of essential oil to 2 cups of water in a spray bottle (make sure to avoid eyes). A grapefruit seed extract spray can be made by adding 20 drops of extract to a quart of water.


Make sure to keep all home-made formulas well-labeled, and out of the reach of children.

Submitted By Sheri AWI ANIDA WAYA Burnett




Animal Rights... and Wrongs


Gray Whale Nursery In Jeopardy

By Frances Beinecke, President, Natural Resources Defense Council



The fate of the world's last untouched gray whale nursery is hanging in the balance. The good news is, we have a plan to save it forever. All we need is your help to carry it out.

Mexico's San Ignacio Lagoon is the only gray whale birthing ground left on earth that has not been despoiled by human encroachment.

Each winter, hundreds of pregnant gray whales swim 4,000 miles from the Arctic to reach this perfect lagoon nursery. Mother whales give birth in the warm tranquil waters and their one-ton newborns hone their swimming skills for the arduous journey back to Alaska.

But there are ominous signs that this one-of-a-kind whale sanctuary may soon be threatened by plans for industrialization . . . oil and gas drilling . . .  massive high-rise hotels . . . and resort marinas with ocean-bound ships.

That's why Natural Resources Defense Council and our Mexican partners launched an ambitious campaign last year to save the whale's lagoon by buying up the development rights to the surrounding one million acres and putting them off-limits to industry forever.

At an average cost of only $10 per acre, saving the gray whale nursery is not only feasible, it's a dream that people like you and me can turn into a beautiful reality.

And we are. We've already raised over $1 million and permanently protected 120,000 acres along the whale's lagoon! Our plan is working, but time is short and we have so much more of the whale's habitat to save.

Right now, we're starting Phase 2 of this urgent campaign to save the gray whale nursery.

Won't you help?
Please look into your own heart and decide what it's worth that the Pacific gray whale will always have one perfect lagoon, where their newborns can enter the world as Mother Nature intended -- wild and free.

Then go to and make a generous donation that will help save our planet's most important whale habitat. Thank you.


Animal Rights... and Wrongs


Raccoons Terrorizing Neighborhood


According to articles from the Associated Press, The Olympian, and other sources, wild raccoons are terrorizing the city of Olympia, Washington. Now, it's not unusual (in fact, it's typical) for these intelligent omnivores to frequent suburban metro areas. The large abundance of scrap food in garbage - plus that doled out by residents who think them "cute" - attracts the critters. Storm drainage systems, low porches and decks, and the shady undersides of elevated sheds give raccoons ideal places to live and raise their young. They've lived peacefully in suburban Washington neighborhoods for years.

But apparently, the latest generation of raccoons in Olympia has become a strain of vicious killers. One west-side neighborhood has reported that an especially fearless tribe of these masked banditos has killed at least 10 cats (and counting), has hauled off a small dog, and has bitten at least one person who was attempting to drive them away from a family pet. One resident likened them to street gangs in a news report, calling them "urban" raccoons...

These street-smart varmints aren't afraid of people, firecrackers, or all but the largest dogs. They're smart, too. Although they can be seen predictably in the same areas every night, a professional trapper that one neighborhood association hired has been able to capture only one in six weeks. According to the trapper, the lead boar - an enormous male with an uncommon bloodlust - has likely been trapped before, and is teaching the others in his clan how to avoid traps.

Funny as it may sound, this roving clan of varmints is paralyzing the neighborhood with fear. A recent community meeting on the matter had around 40 attendees, and spurred the development of a "raccoon watch" squad.

I probably don't have to tell you that raccoons are perhaps the #1 carrier of rabies in the U.S. - or that you should take precautions yourself, even if you live in the inner city.



Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett


Book Reviews


Indians in the Americas: The Untold Story

by William Marder


There have been many books written over the years promising to tell the true story of the Native American Indians. Many, however, have been filled with misinformation or derogatory views.


Finally, here is a book that the Native American can believe in. It is well researched and tells the true story of Native American accomplishments, challenges, and struggles.


Read more....









Dear Friends of the Indigenous Peoples of Big Mountain, Black Mesa, AZ,

Something critical is about to happen concerning the traditional communities on Big Mountain and surrounding areas on Black Mesa.


Today, more than 30 years after the passage of Public Law 93 - 531, the original Navajo-Hopi Relocation bill, a new bill is before Congress that sets a new timetable for the forced relocation of a number of Navajo families on Black Mesa.


Senate bill S. 1003 "The Navajo Hopi Land Settlement Act Amendments of 2005" is now on the Senate Calendar and may be passed at anytime without debate or serious consideration unless the public acts now. The last major relocation bill was approved by the Senate within a month after being placed on the Senate Calendar and stayed in the House of Representatives less than a week before becoming law. It's difficult to convey the serious nature of these new developments. The passage of this bill would effectively devastate these traditional communities of Navajo, or Dineh, stripping them of their identity and way of life which is tied into the land itself..

Native people's lives and livelihoods are on the line!

This bill will permanently displace the indigenous families of Big Mountain and surrounding communities on Black Mesa from their ancestral lands and will relieve the federal government of any further responsibility for the relocated people. S. 1003, sponsored by Senator John McCain (R-AZ), comes as Peabody Coal, the world's largest coal company, is planning to expand its strip mining of American Indian lands, drawing down a high-quality residential aquifer in the process. Only one thing stands in Peabody's way: indigenous people live on the land below which lies billions of tons of low-sulfur coal. As with their ancestors, the land is the basis for the Black Mesa people's traditions, spirituality, and livelihoods.

There is still time to act!
S 1003 may pass the Senate and the House of Representatives within the next few weeks. Senate Bill 1003 may become law anytime now once again starting the machine of forced relocation. But fortunately, a small window of opportunity exists to stop it. It must first pass the Senate so the Senate Indian Affairs Committee and your Senator must hear your voices today. The indigenous families from the Big Mountain and Black Mesa communities have not been represented in this process.

It's up to us the public and the international community to demand that Congress educate themselves before they vote. After passing the earlier relocation act, PL 93-531, in 1974, several Senators expressed misgivings about the law, but it was too late. We cannot allow this to happen again.

The people of Big Mountain are asking us to jump in and shake up the political landscape. Our outcry may be their only hope. We must tell those who would once again sell out the people and the land that there will be a political price to pay. It's easy to make decisions from afar if you never risk meeting the people who will be affected. Demand that Congress listen to the people. Maybe it is possible to reach their hearts.

In an era of transnational corporate dominance, the methods of separating indigenous peoples from their land and natural resources have outstripped the ability of any agency or nongovernmental organization to monitor or regulate. The importance of building alliances cannot be stressed enough. 


The elders of Big Mountain such as Roberta Blackgoat have shown us the way to the survival of our planet and the danger to us all if sacred lands are destroyed, warning us of what is now happening long before global warming and gaia became common words. The people of Big Mountain can not win this fight alone and need the support of all people who love justice, human rights, and the earth.

Please join us, and ask your friends and family to do the same.  Click on the following link:

Thank you and Peace,

Black Mesa Indigenous Support


Manataka American Indian Council






By Susan Bates

News and Notes From Indian Country


The Power Of One

This week I will begin my column with a quote instead of ending with one.

"It had been Nashibitti who had taught Leaphorn the words and legends of the Blessing Way, taught him what the Holy People had told the Earth Surface People about how to live, taught him the lessons of the Changing Woman - that the only goal for man was beauty, and that beauty was found only in harmony, and that this harmony of nature was a mater of dazzling complexity.

"When the dung beetle moves, Hasten Nashbitti had told him, "know that something has moved it. And know that its movement affects the flight of the sparrow, and that the raven deflects the eagle from the sky, and that the eagle's stiff wing bends the will of the Wind People, and know that all of this affects you and me, and the flea on the prairie dog and the leaf on the cottonwood."

----------Dance Hall Of The Dead - Tony Hillerman pp. 76-77

Each and every one of us has the power to greatly effect the world by individual and often seemingly insignificant acts. I am going to tell you about some small ways you can make a big difference in the lives of those who are among the most poor and vulnerable of our People and become part of the Great Balancing.

For 4 years, Lola Davis of Excelsior Springs, Mo. has organized Comfort Drives for the Lakota People. The following is her email detailing the various projects that are being organized for this year. Maybe you will find something here that you can handle.

"It is time again for our 4th Annual Project Warm Embrace Comfort Drive! We hope that you will organize any groups that you are affiliated with to do a collection for one or all of our four projects listed below. We appreciate your compassion and interest in embracing your Lakota brothers and sisters in South Dakota.

I. Project Warm Embrace Comfort Drive:
We have decided this year to collect only NEW comfort items, with the exception of coats, snowsuits and blankets. Please limit your collection to only the items listed below. All of the items are for men, women and children. Regarding the Lakota Toy Drive and the Lakota-New Mom Care Packages, we are asking for all NEW items only. We appreciate your understanding. All of the items collected will be gifted to Lakota pastors who are leading their people in South Dakota and they will gift them to their congregations at the holidays. Our drive officially starts on October 1 and runs through October 31. We will make our delivery around the middle of November.

New: Hats, Gloves, Scarves, packages of socks, blankets, coats , snow suits

Lakota Toy Drive: We are collecting specific toys listed below:
Boys : Cars, trucks, PS 2 games, Skateboards, EKO brand sweaters-lg, x-lg and 2 x lg. and hooded sweatshirts. Nike sweatbands, watches, basketballs, footballs, baseballs, portable cd players. ( Dollar general has them for $5.00) chess and checker games.

Girls : Barbies, make up, dolls, doll strollers, hair ties, jewelry, bags, purses, watches, basketballs, footballs, baseballs, portable cd players. ( Dollar general has them for 5.00) EKO brand sweaters- and hooded sweatshirts.
Children's Books (ages 2-6),Coloring Books & packs of crayons (all ages),Stuffed animals , Baby toys for infant to three.

New Moms Care Packages: We are collecting New Diaper Bags filled with items for new mothers on the reservation. Please donate new diaper bags filled with the following items: Package of Bottles & Bottle Liners, wash rags, Bibs, Baby wash, Baby powder, Baby lotion, package of onesies , Diaper rash ointment, mucous bulb Baby clippers, receiving blanket, baby socks, baby hat, wet wipes and pacifiers.
Maybe a small package with lotions and soaps and small things for women.

You can mail your donations to Lola Davis,
34443 w 120thst., Excelsior Springs, Mo. 64024 Phone - 816-630-2942

If any of you ladies like to quilt, I am sure handmade baby quilts as well as full size quilts would be most appreciated since many People freeze to death on the reservations every winter. Lola told me that she would welcome them any time of the year. You can mail them to her at the above address.






Some Distant Wilderness


"Whole Indian Nations have melted away like snowballs in the sun before the white man's advance. They leave scarcely a name of our people except those wrongly recorded by their destroyers. Where are the Delaware's?


They have been reduced to a mere shadow of their former greatness. We had hoped that the white men would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains. Now that hope is gone. They have passed the mountains, and have settled upon Tsalagi (Cherokee) land.


They wish to have that usurpation sanctioned by treaty.  When that is gained, the same encroaching spirit will lead them upon other land of the Tsalagi (Cherokees). New cessions will be asked. Finally the whole country, which the Tsalagi (Cherokees) and their fathers have so long occupied, will be demanded, and the remnant of the Ani Yvwiya, The Real

People, once so great and formidable, will be compelled to seek refuge in some distant wilderness. There they will be permitted to stay only a short while, until they again behold the advancing banners of the same greedy host.


Not being able to point out any further retreat for the miserable Tsalagi (Cherokees), the extinction of the whole race will be proclaimed. Should we not therefore run all risks, and incur all consequences, rather than to submit to further loss of our country? Such treaties may be alright for men who are too old to hunt or fight. As for me, I have my young warriors about me. We will hold our land."


Attributed to Chief Dragging Canoe, Chickamauga Tsalagi by Jan Sorensen direct descendant

Submitted by Elisi SpiritDove` - Carol Henderson  






The Secrets Of Life


When I was a young man, 'The Secret Of Life' did not mean much to me. 


I was raised the old way with just barely enough food to go around.  With ten children, my parents did the best they could.  I learned to hunt and fish out of necessity when I was about seven years old.  But I can say one thing, 'I would not change anything even if I were able to do so.


I have been asked the question 'What Is The Secret Of Life?  Now that I am 67 years of age, I have had a lifetime to gather the answer to this most prized possession. 


First, it is not the quantity of what a person has but rather the quality!  I have been blessed with knowledge to share, it is not a lot (quantity) but the quality of the knowledge is important and valuable. 


Second, always treat others the way you wish to be treated.  You will gain many friends and these my son and daughter, you cannot buy!


Third, never bite off more then you are able to chew whether it be food, knowledge or your dealings with others.  Always be honest and up front in all your ways and you will prosper. 


Fourth, Do what you can to help widows and orphans in their time of need.  Visit the sick and give them comfort. 


These My Friends are the Secrets Of Life!  according to Hawk.


©Copyrighted by Daniel J. Hawk Hoffman Sr. ~Seven Hawks





New Words not found in Indian dictionaries... but should be:


Commodify (kah MOD if eye): uncanny ability of Indian women to convert the ingredients of any standard cookbook recipe to commodity ingredients  such as powered milk, powered eggs and canned meat.

Councilmenopause (cown sil MEN oh paws):  a disorder characterized by hot flashes, profuse sweating impairment of
speech and loss of memory;  normally occurs only to tribal councilmen when cornered by a constituent.

Triballistic (tribal ISS tik):  to become irrational and incoherent upon hearing the latest self-serving, short-sighted and illogical decision  made by the local tribal council.

Snaggravated (SNAG ra vayt ed):   the annoying feeling one gets upon realizing that last night's snag isn't quite as hot in the light of day.

Disunderstanding (DISS under stand ing):  when non-Indians think that they understand why tribes and individual Indians are the way they are, but attribute any and all behavior to the culture or the race.

Moccashoe (Mock ah shoe):  contemporary dancer footwear designed by beading the top of tennis shoes or aquasocks instead of making  moccasins the old fashion way.

Skinship (SKIN ship):  the eventual relative connection that all Indian people, discover within 10 minutes of meeting each other.

Vis a cheese (VEES ah cheez): mode of exchange in which a block of  commidity cheese can purhase other goods or services.

Indinferior (IN din FEER ee your): a manifestation of self oppression;   the practice of Indians looking down on other Indians for either not speaking the language or not being full blood or not participating in ceremonies or not living on the rez or not wearing braids or not dancing  in powwows or not having ,etc. etc...blah blah.

BIease (BEE EYE eez): an affliction within the Bureau of Indian Affairs characterized by the inability to keep track of millions of dollars.

Rezercize (REZ er size):  the involuntary health regime of walking everywhere on the rez since your Indian car broke down for good.

Fordrum (FORD drum):  the instrument used for singing purposes when a regular drum is not available; usually the dented hood of a one eyed Ford.

PowWowVow (pow wow vow): the standard pledge of the powwow Romeo:    "Sure, baby, I'll meet you at the next pow wow. Your're the only jingle dress dancer for me.  Really!  Look at this face. Would I lie?"

Frybreadth (FRY bredth): a unit of measurement based on the standard size of a piece of auntie's frybread.


AlterNative (alter NAY TIV): an individual who was born and raised in the non Indian culture but recently "discovered" a "hidden" Indian ancestor so now uses pithy Indian phrases, assumes a name such as Laughing Rainbow, White Blossom, or Dreams of Eagles, calls all Indian people Brother and Sister and wears genuine Hong Kong beadwork; usually found in the East and West coast region but had documented sighting in other regions as well.


Submitted by Juli Purcell and Donald Perrot



Elder's Meditation

"The Natural Law is a spiritual law. Its powers are both light and dark."  -Oren R. Lyons, Spokesman, Traditional Circle of Elders, Six Nations



There are some characteristics that are evident in the system which the Creator made.  He made balance, harmony, and polarity. In other words, every (+) plus has a (-) minus.  Every positive has a negative; every up has a down; every problem has a solution. The Spiritual Law is the same - it has light and dark.  Both are good, so both need to be honored.  Lessons can be learned from both sides.


Great Spirit,

teach me the powers of the Natural Laws.

By Don Coyhis




Warrior Society


by Susan Bates, Ani Sahoni Clan Mother

Water Hollow Band of Chickamauga Cherokees
This Nation will soon celebrate its 230 birthday with fireworks and parades. But for Native Americans, the 4th of July isn't necessarily a happy holiday, considering this land was taken from us at the cost of so many lives. Whole families, whole Nations have been sacrificed in the name of God for greed.

And it continues today from coast to coast and ocean to ocean. Entire forests are being slaughtered and when the rains come and wash the hillside away and the earth flows into the rivers and streams, people wonder why our waters are polluted. People clambor for higher wages and watch in dismay as our jobs disappear into other countries who don't even pay their workers a living wage. Drug companies develop drugs for diseases unheard of just a few years ago and convince people they need them but many can't afford the high prices they must pay.

Our People understood what it means to live in balance. They knew that to destroy the Earth meant to destroy her children. It is very tempting to say, "I can't do anything about this. I'm only one person." But let me tell you a story about one person - a man named Roland, a Cherokee by blood and by heart, who saw something wrong happening to his people and their Homeland and, knowing he could not win, chose to fight the battle anyway.

In the 1960's, the Federal Government decided to build a dam on the Tellico River in Tennessee which would flood the ancient Peace Town of Chota along with many other Cherokee towns and sacred places. Billed by the government and environmentalists as a move to save the "snail darter" many people who lived in the area sued to stop the dam project. But the government would not be deterred and passed a law, known as the Duncan Amendment, which exempted Tellico Dam from all federal and state laws including religious freedom, historical and environmental laws. Jimmy Carter signed this bill into being on September 25, 1979.

340 families, many of them Cherokee, were displaced. Not only was 16,000 acres of land stolen for the lake, but an additional 22,000 acres was taken and turned over to wealthy and politically connected people. Yet little mention of it was made in the papers of the day.

Goliath George, an elder of the Cherokee Nation, told this story of an elderly medicine man he had listened to as a boy. "He would talk to my people from atop a hickory stump, notched so he could climb on top and look out over the valley. He talked about what would happen in four or maybe five generations. He said the valley would be covered with water - our forefathers would be on the bottom of the valley looking up through a wall of glass. Tears rolled down his cheeks when he said that one day the people would once again be put to the test of holding on to that which is sacred or giving up forever another part of their lives." (as quoted therein, from The New York Times, November 11, 1979) Graves of white people were moved to higher ground, but a judge ruled that Indian graves would remain. On a cold December night, a Cherokee
man named Roland ignored the No Trespassing signs and walked to the old archeological dig at Chota. Soon the dam would close and the graves of our ancestors and their sacred city would be no more.

Roland climbed through the barbed wire fence and approached the site of the ancient council house. A granite boulder marked the site of the Ancient Fire. Taking his pipe from his jacket, he began a prayer ceremony which lasted through the night as the waters began to spill over the banks of the river. Then, stripping off his clothes, Roland tied himself to the ancient boulder.

In silence Roland listened to the sigh of rising waters and watched the light in the eastern sky deepen from rose to powerful crimson. Fixing his eyes on the crest of the mountain, he aimed his spirit to the mark. 'You profane the sacred bones. You pour concrete on the living. I, Roland the Cherokee, call this ground sacred. I set myself an arrow to the bow.'

On a distant hill, as he'd promised Roland he would do, an old kinsman sat in the notch of a tall oak stump and kept the watch until the young man's spirit arched into the sky. Then the old man climbed down from the stump and took the message to the people: "Begin again."







The Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friendship; meets the first Saturday of each month in the home of Bear, Becky & Amanda Moore, located at 136 Waine Place in Hot Springs, from 11:30 AM until 2:00 PM. Coffee is provided, food and other soft beverages are brought by individuals to share. 



November 4

Craft Classes -- Bring $25 or supplies to begin assembling women's breastplates. Weather permitting we will adjourn to Gulpha Gorge for hikes to Goat Rock and Indian Mountain, drumming and a cookout.


November 11

Fall Women's Council Healing Retreat hosted by Cheryl Wilkinson, 1220 Reed Loop, Atkins, Arkansas. This event is for women only--absolutely no males. Females of all ages are welcome and do not have to be Manataka members to attend. Activities include potluck meals, singing, drumming, teachings, sharing and a woman's sweat. Please bring drinks, lawn chairs, bedding, cots or air mattresses, sweat clothes, and drums.


December 2

Christmas Party -- Bring a handmade gift or one costing under $10.00 to exchange.  Those who wish to donate to the Food Basket for the deserving we ask that you bring your non-perishables.  No white sugar, white salt, white rice, candy, junk snacks please.


Donations of nonperishable food items, toiletries, and bio-friendly cleaning supplies will be accepted and are greatly appreciated. As the holidays and winter approach the request for assistance by those in need increases.


Please direct any questions our comments to Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper' Moore at


Please Join Us!





Fry Bread (nutrition)
By Tantri Wija, The New Mexican

My concern is that so many natives consider it Traditional food.  It came from commodities an effort to kill off Natives through nutritional genocide.

It may be a cliché to say that wherever one finds North American Indians, one finds frybread, but it isn't necessarily untrue.

Whether or not one believes the simple fried dough has a genuine place in a tribe's traditions, almost every Native American gathering features the soft, often sugar-dusted dough.

The role of frybread in American Indian culture dates to the second half of the 19th century, when tribes forced to move to reservations were given "commodities" - or government rations - consisting largely of flour and lard. With these unfamiliar, limited and nutrition-poor ingredients, they created frybread and adopted it as a dietary staple.

According to Joyce Begay-Foss, the director of education at the Museum of Indian Arts & Culture, "(Frybread) was a survival food that came out of being rounded up and put in captivity and given commodities that (American Indians) weren't used to having. (The government) even gave them coffee beans, and they weren't used to coffee. It made them sick.

"They struggled to figure out what to do with flour and lard and things that they weren't used to eating," Begay-Foss, a Navajo, said. "And that totally changed their diet."

Most cultures have some version of a simple fried dough; frybread is not all that different from a doughnut, a beignet, a sopaipilla, a buñuelo, a johnnycake or a poori, for example.

Indian frybread also is similar to the fried dough that American settlers ate while crossing the prairie on their way west. In John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath, the impoverished, itinerant Okies eat fried dough for every meal.

Frybread also has become popular in the larger American culture. The Cheesecake Factory - a national casual-dining chain - has frybread on its menus, and one can sometimes find it, dressed up in truffles or gourmet chocolate, among the selections of some of the pricier restaurants around town. Ironically, even the government has officially recognized frybread: It was named the state bread of South Dakota in 2005.

Though eating fried dough is not unique to American Indians, many permutations of the dish are distinctively Native. In New Mexico, for example, one can order a Navajo burger - a burger folded in frybread - and Navajo or Indian tacos - frybread topped with beans, cheese, lettuce, meat and other savory fillings. The replacement of the tortilla with the round frybread is distinctive to Southwestern tribes.

Health controversy
What is also uniquely Native is frybread's role in the history - past and present - of the people who consume it. Indian frybread has lately come under fire for its unhealthiness as well as its cultural implications.

In her January 2005 article in Indian Country Today, American Indian activist Susan Harjo asked her fellow Indians to abstain from frybread because it contributes to the high obesity rates on reservations and, as she put it, gives the impression of Natives as "simple-minded people who salute the little grease bread and get misty-eyed about it."

Harjo is referring to frybread's origins as a product of government rations, implying that by continuing to consume frybread every day, Americans Indians are perpetuating the indignities thrust upon them in the past.

"If frybread were a movie, it would be hard-core porn," Harjo writes.  "No redeeming qualities. Zero nutrition."  


Not everyone would agree with Harjo.

Lois Ellen Frank, author of the award-winning cookbook Foods of the Southwest Indian Nations, is part Kiowa and a doctoral candidate in cultural anthropology at The University of New Mexico. Frank has been doing extensive research on foods, especially the connection between food and culture in American Indian society.

"Frybread has really an interesting history," Frank said, "and from a Native American perspective, it's split.

"On one side they love frybread, they cook it every day, and they consider it a traditional food. (So) I would say yes, it is traditional from the perspective that it's been around for 150 years."

But there's now a second wave of reaction to frybread that Frank calls the "resistance."

"Because diabetes is rampant - as high as 90 percent on some reservations, primarily Type II - the diet has deviated so far from its origins that people are very concerned," Frank said.

She also points out that frybread has become symbolic of some Native health problems even if it's not necessarily the primary cause of those conditions.

"My prediction," Frank said, "is we're going to see frybread become iconic. There used to be T-shirts that said 'Frybread power.' Now there are T-shirts with a red circle with a line through it (meaning) 'No frybread.' We want to be healthy."

The reintroduction of traditional foods such as cacti, beans, corn and pinocha, as well as an increase in activity associated with farming those foods, could be key to turning the American Indian diabetes epidemic around, Frank said.

"When you reintroduce traditional food," she said, "it brings back all the culture associated with the indigenous food, which is as vitally important as the food itself. Not only is the food important from a health standard, but all the group activities have been given new life, things that have almost disappeared - a renewal of old traditions that have cultural importance."

Moderation, modification
In small amounts, contemporary versions of frybread - topped with cinnamon and powdered sugar or honey or chile and beans - are a recipe for pure heaven. In larger amounts, the dinner-plate sized delight has been linked to obesity on reservations.

There are ways to reduce the fat content - by frying the bread discs in vegetable oil, for example. Some feel that nothing is as tasty as the original lard-fried version, but Begay-Foss insists it can be just as good made with corn or vegetable oil.

"The trick is to have really hot oil - the bread absorbs the grease if you don't. I've been out on the reservation where people have put blue cornmeal in the dough," she said. "I think there are some people looking at changing the recipe so it's a little healthier."

Begay-Foss also points out, however, that frybread cannot be blamed for everything; there is a strong junk-food culture on many reservations, she said.

"People who are at risk with diabetes should try and avoid these kinds of foods," she said.

Not going away
Both Begay-Foss and Frank hope American Indians will reintroduce healthier Native foods into their diets rather than banish frybread and blame it for health problems that are probably caused by a larger  pattern of poor nutrition and high junk-food consumption.

"(Frybread) has become a traditional food," Begay-Foss said, "even though it wasn't one prior to the 1800s. But things change with time, and now it is a traditional food."

Given the considerable persuasive powers of a warm, sugary piece of frybread and its deeply entrenched position in American Indian culture, it's doubtful that large numbers of American Indians will abstain as Harjo advocates.

Both Frank and Begay-Foss say that, eaten once in a while, frybread can satisfy the human craving for fat, salt and sugar like nothing else.

"We go to a lot of social things," Begay-Foss said. "The frybread's there; it's not going away. It has a lot of cultural value: You mention the word 'frybread,' and you think of being somewhere on the reservation. ... But people have to do it in moderation."

The following recipes are excerpted from Food of the Southwest Indian Nations: Traditional and Contemporary Native American Recipes by Lois Ellen Frank (10 Speed Press, 2002):

You can serve frybread plain, with powdered sugar sprinkled on it, or made into an Indian Taco (recipes below). "Either way, it's delicious," Frank writes.

(Makes 16 breads)

4 cups flour
2 tablespoons baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
2 cups warm water
Vegetable oil or shortening, melted, for frying

Mix the flour, baking powder and salt in a large bowl. Gradually stir in the water until the dough becomes soft and pliable without sticking to the bowl.  Knead the dough on a lightly floured surface or in the bowl for 5 minutes, folding the outer edges of the dough toward the center.  Return the dough to the bowl, cover with a clean towel and let rest for 30 minutes to allow it to rise.

Shape the dough into egg-sized balls and roll out to a thickness of 1/2 inch (or thinner, for crispier bread) on a lightly floured board. It is traditional to use your hands, but a rolling pin can be used as well.  Try it with your hands and then, if you are having difficulty, roll the dough out.

Place a piece of dough between your hands and pat it from hand to hand as you would a tortilla or pizza dough until it has stretched to 8 to 12 inches in diameter. Repeat with the rest of the dough.

With your finger, poke a small hole in the center of each piece to prevent bursting during frying.

Pour about 11/2 inches of oil into a large frying pan or saucepan (the saucepan's greater depth will prevent the oil from splattering) and heat over medium heat until the oil is hot but not smoking.

Carefully place a piece of the dough in the hot oil, slipping it in gently to avoid splattering. Cook until the dough turns golden brown and puffs. Turn over with two forks and cook until both sides are golden brown.

Remove and drain on paper towels until the excess oil is absorbed.  Repeat this with each piece of dough. Keep warm between two clean kitchen towels in the oven set on low. Serve immediately.




"The Indian Taco has become one of today's best-known Native American dishes," Frank writes. "It is served at national fairs, intertribal powwows, and community events, both on the reservations and in urban areas. Its base, unlike the more familiar Mexican-style taco, is a piece of frybread."

(serves 6)

1 cup dried pinto beans
4 green New Mexico or Anaheim chiles
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 onion, coarsely chopped
1 pound lean ground beef
1 teaspoon salt
6 pieces Indian frybread
2 cups lettuce, shredded
2 tomatoes, diced
2 cups grated cheddar cheese

To prepare the pinto beans, soak them overnight in water to cover. The next day, drain the beans and place them in a saucepan with fresh water to cover. Bring to a boil, decrease the heat and let the beans simmer until the skins break and the beans are soft, about 3 hours. It may be necessary to add water as the beans cook to prevent them from burning and sticking. After the beans are cooked, remove from the heat and set aside. You should have about 2 cups of cooked beans.

While the beans are cooking, roast, peel, seed and de-vein the chilies and then chop them.

In a skillet over medium-high heat, add the oil and sauté the onion for 3 minutes until translucent, then add the ground beef and cook for another 5 to 6 minutes, until the meat has browned. Pour off any fat. Add the beans, chiles and salt and decrease heat and cook for another 5 minutes. Remove from the heat and set aside.

Make the frybread according to the recipe and set aside.

Reheat the meat, bean and chile mixture so it is warm and begin building your tacos. Place some of the meat, bean and chile mixture, about 1 cup, on top of each piece of frybread. Place some lettuce, diced tomatoes and grated cheese on top of the meat, bean and chile mixture. Serve immediately.



"This version of the Indian Taco includes ingredients that you will not see in the traditional version," Frank writes, "except for its frybread base." The recipe calls for anasazi beans instead of the traditional pinto beans - but you can substitute pintos if you cannot find anasazis, which are usually available at Santa Fe's natural foods markets.

Indian Tacos:  Modern Version
(Serves 6)

11/2 cups dried anasazi beans
6 green New Mexico or Anaheim chiles
1 large red bell pepper
6 pieces Indian frybread
11/2 cups mâche or arugula, washed and stemmed
1 large ripe red tomato, sliced
2 ripe avocados, halved and sliced
1 red onion, thinly sliced
1 bunch red radishes, sliced
18 golden yellow plum tomatoes, halved

To prepare the anasazi beans, soak them overnight in water to cover. The next day, drain the beans and place them in a saucepan with fresh water to cover. Bring to a boil, decrease the heat, and let the beans simmer until the skins break and the beans are soft, about 3 hours. It may be necessary to add water as the beans cook to prevent them from burning
and sticking. After the beans are cooked, remove from the heat and set aside. You should have about 3 cups of cooked beans.

While the beans are cooking, roast, seed and devein the chiles and the red bell pepper. Leave the green chiles whole; slice the red bell pepper lengthwise into small strips.

Make the frybread according to the recipe and set aside.

Reheat the beans so they are warm and begin building your tacos. Place 1/2 cup cooked beans on each piece of frybread. For each taco, add 1/4 cup mâche, followed by a red tomato slice; add 4 slices avocado and 1 slice red onion separated into rings; follow with radish slices and 6 golden yellow plum tomato halves; and top with 1 roasted green chile and 2 slices roasted red bell pepper.

You can vary the toppings and the order in which the taco is built.  Serve immediately.







Magdala, Maya Priestess


My Beautiful Sisters and Brothers all over the world,


Many cultures has spoken about the return of the Christ, the return of Quetzaltcoatl, the return of the Buda, Quan Yin, White Buffalo calf women, Ix Chel and many others.


The prophesies has been fulfilled, for she has return, for it is the feminine Christ the one that is open the doors for the many.


She is the Counselor, the comforter, the one that consuls the humanity, the one that alleviate by showing the ways of the spirit, the teacher that resides in the heart.


She is indeed the Holy Spirit, the one that have come to consummate every single religion, or tradition, she has indeed many faces, and understand many languishes for she have only one languish, the languish of the heart, She is now the voice of the many, all over the world.


She is here in the virtual reality and giving the medicine in the virtual realm, for she is awakening the heart of the many.


She has fulfilled all lives for she is all the expressions of life; she is the essence of all life.


The feminine Quetzatcoatl, the feminine Christ, is bringing back the union of polarities knowledge, for the heart and mind must walk together as one; she is in-light-ing the mind of the many. Oneness is possible when these two powerful forces walk together, holding hands, then, Oneness become a way of living, the heart and the expresion, and all is inside of the self.


All ceremonies, rituals, in all religions are coming back to life again because she has brought the heart back into ceremonies, in the ordinary and extraordinary; for she has been call the resurrector, for she is the awakener of life.


She holds the cycles of life , she is indeed the light giver, the Holy Spirit that is in the realm of the holiness.


The feminine Christ is the one that awake peace into the heart, for love is her ways inside and outside of her, love have mark her way in the history of this planet, for enlighten  come through her.


She has come to stay, to live among true humans until humans recognize the essence of life, the ether,  the sacredness that resides inside of all life, for she is indeed the life giver, and recognize the one that she has giving light.


Call upon her, she will consol and alleviate and bring you back to balance for balance is her ways, for balance is sacred manner. 


Don’t be afraid of her, or run from her, don’t push her away from you, for she is life, in the holy expression, she will make you whole. Listen to her, honor her, recognize her as she is recognizing you, love her, and through that love she will give you light, you will be resurrected, she is indeed, the Mother of all the living. Just listen to her, she lives in your heart,  dance with her. She will bring you back your original vibration, the true human being.


Go back to ceremonies, and just put the heart, in every single one of them.  

I am You





by Magdala Ramirez 

Sacred Sex - Ancient Teachings for Women is a book about the emerging of the feminine that is taking place today all over the world. The women are truly creating the new world. And as this new world is created, the women are in need of the ancient wisdom that holds the understanding of the sacredness of the feminine and the knowledge of how the women must understand and embrace their divinity. Sex is the door from which human beings entered into this realm, and the way to move on is to become one again within the self. Sacred love is the way of becoming one with the self - uniting both the feminine and masculine sides of yourself. We have waited a long time for this book to be written and for this story to be told. When the feminine was hidden, the human beings could not find that part of themselves to create this sacred bonding. Now, with the emerging of the feminine, human beings can embrace love as the bonding, making the inside self and the outside self the same. Peace can be brought into the world. Soft Cover, 190 pages, ISBN: 1419639242


 $19.95 - for Manataka Members

 $21.95 - for Non-Manataka Members






She's sitting at the table with her gourmet coffee.
Her son is on the cover of the Wheaties box.
Her daughter is on the cover of Business Week.
Her boyfriend is on the cover of Playgirl.
And her husband is on the back of the milk carton.


"Cash, check or charge?" I asked, after folding items the woman wished to purchase.   As she fumbled for her wallet, I noticed a remote control for a television set in her purse. "So, do you always carry your TV remote?" I asked. "No," she replied, "but my husband refused to come shopping with me, and I figured this was the most evil thing I could do to him legally."


I know I'm not going to understand women.  I'll never understand how you can take boiling hot wax,  pour it onto your upper thigh, rip the hair out by the root, and still be afraid of a spider.



While attending a Marriage Seminar dealing with communication, Tom and his wife Grace listened to the instructor,
"It is essential that husbands and wives know each other's likes and dislikes." He addressed the man, "Can you name your wife's favorite flower?" Tom leaned over, touched his wife's arm gently and whispered, "It's Pillsbury, isn't it?



A couple drove down a country road for several miles, not saying a word.   An earlier discussion had led to an argument and neither of them wanted to concede their position. As they passed a barnyard of mules, goats, and pigs, the husband asked sarcastically, "Relatives of yours?"  "Yep," the wife replied, "in-laws."


A husband read an article to his wife about how many words women use a day... 30,000 to a man's 15,000.   The wife replied, "The reason has to be because we have to repeat everything to men...  The husband then turned to his wife and asked, "What?"



A man said to his wife one day, "I don't know how you can be so stupid and so beautiful all at the same time.   "The wife responded, "Allow me to explain.  God made me beautiful so you would be attracted to me; God made me stupid so I would be attracted to you!



A man and his wife were having an argument about who should brew the coffee each morning.
The wife said, "You should do it because you get up first, and then we don't have to wait as long to get our coffee.  The husband said, "You are in charge of cooking around here and you should do it, because that is your job, and I can just wait for my coffee."  Wife replies, "No, you should do it, and besides, it is in the Bible that the man should do the coffee."  Husband replies, "I can't believe that, show me."  So she fetched the Bible, and opened the New Testament and showed him at the top of several pages, that it indeed says ....... "HEBREWS"


The Silent Treatment
A man and his wife were having some problems at home and were giving each other the silent treatment.  Suddenly, the man realized that the next day, he would need his wife to wake him at 5:00 AM for an early morning business flight.   Not wanting to be the first to break the silence (and LOSE), he wrote on a piece of paper, "Please wake m e at 5:00 AM." He left it where he knew she would find it. The next morning, the man woke up, only to discover it was 9:00 AM and he had missed his flight Furious, he was about to go and see why his wife hadn't wakened him, when he noticed a piece of paper by the bed. The paper said, "It is 5:00 AM. Wake up." Men are not equipped for these kinds of contests.


God may have created man before woman, but there is always a rough draft before the masterpiece.




Submitted by Elaine Yamaoka





Tears That Fall From Father Sky 

Bonnie Osceola


Sky blacker than black—flashing light,

Illuminates the night,

Electric fingers spreading, stretching across vastness,


Torrential rain,

Floods the plain,

Bodies discovered,

Death revealed and uncovered,

Under the enormity of Spiritual light,

In the deadest of night,

The master’s tears come down upon bodies still,

Eyes of stillness reflecting the night’s performance,

Bodies washed,

Bodies purified,

A puff of wind lifts up soles and spirals them into affinity,



Covered and washed away,

The grass grows greener there,

The wind whispers across the plain,

They will be back, for this is hallowed ground,

His tears soaked this ground and keep it forever moist,

Foot prints left in softened earth,

Shows the way to the ancestors dement ion,

The cougar and the mountain sheep,

Lay together in harmonious sleep.



My Vision My Dream Osceola Birdman Waters. © Copyright 2006







Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.


Memorial Gift... 

In Memory of Lance Selvidge - Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock. 04-20-06


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham - We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever - Standing Bear.  Greg Gilliham 04-20-06


MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.


Crossing Over...

William Bright (CO), an internationally renowned linguist who spent more than half a century inventorying the vanishing riches of the indigenous languages of the United States, died on Oct. 15 in Louisville, Colo. He was 78 and lived in Boulder, Colo. 10-24-06 Andrea Cramblit

Isaac Urquidez (CA), Grass dancer and  boyfriend of Elaine Meyers, passed away today.  Diagnosed bone cancer.  He was at the Hart Park Powwow Saturday and Sunday of this last weekend.  An honoring song for him will be at San Dimas Powwow on October 7 and 8 in San Dimas, California.  The drum One Nation had composed a song for Isaac.  09-30-06 Michael Reifel and Corina Roberts

Henry Sidney Zack, aged 82, died peacefully at home on August 26, 2006 from congestive heart and renal failure. Thank you the entire Manataka community for your prayers for a peaceful transition for my father. He is now joyously reunited with his wife of 50 years and his ancestors.  ~Liora Leah Zack 08-28-06


Dame Te Ata irangikaahu (New Zeland), Maori Queen, who died at her home near Hamilton last night, in the north island, after a long battle with kidney disease. She was 75.  She was the sixth and longest serving monarch of Waikato's King Movement. But over the past four decades of her reign her status and influence extended well beyond the Maori community into the national affairs of the whole country. And she helped to encourage the process whereby Maori identity has become increasingly integrated with New Zealand's national identity. Dame Te Ata succeeded her father King Koroki as the sixth leader of the Waikato-Tainui kingdom, which was established in the 19th century in an attempt to end tribal conflict and unite Maori against further land sales to the European settlers.

8-16-06 Andrea Cramblit


Sickness and Injuries...

Sue & Lee in - (Albany, GA) My son's 11-year old best friend Hodgkin's Lymphoma. The tumor is the size of a large eggplant and is sitting right above his heart. This little boy needs all the prayer he can get.  We love this child as though He is my own and we really need all the prayers!  Juli Purcell 10-19-06 


Mark Allen VanBibber - (MO) Diagnosed with bladder cancer had surgery yesterday.  Doctors  removed his bladder and made a new one from intestinal tissue.  The surgery went well and he is recouperating well.   My daughter, Lisa, also had surgery today to remove cysts from her ovary and doing well also.  Thank you and all at Manataka for their prayers.  ~Little Sister Linda 10-10- 06


Dobby Sommer (CA) - I have had hip replacement surgery and I am home in a hospital bed and a walker with my daughter and daughter-in-law taking care of me. I am pretty helpless except for my good girls and my brother helps with my dogs. I appreciate you so much for having me in the Healing Basket. My prayers go out to all the folks in the Healing Basket. Many, many Blessings to All.  Success In All Things.  Much Love.  Dobby.  10-10-06


Hip, knees, and ankles are serving with much pain.  High blood pressure. "Thank you for your seven day prayers. Actually you inspired me to pray for seven days for you and Manataka and the maker of my rattle.  I have also been inspired to have surgery sometime this summer with my faith in the Creator rather than my fears. I am  getting more crippled, but I can still walk with a cane." Please pray for this gentle, loving soul.  08-05-06


Jay King - (WV) Now recovering well from heart surgery.  He is looking and feeling much better. I know prayers are answered. Our family at Manataka are a great comfort knowing you will respond to our request. Love and prayers.  Ruth King  10-9-06


Sarah Sorensen (UT)  Please pray for our Sister Sarah who was diagnosed cervical cancer. She is only 30 with a husband and two young daughters. Sarah goes for an operation soon so her and her family need your prayers. ~ Dave H. 10-08-06


Lee Standing Bear Moore (AR) - Suffered a mild heart attack on Oct. 3 and the VA placed two stints near his heart.  Bear was back home and working for Manataka two days later.  He is keeping a rigorous schedule of meetings, ceremonies, and counseling. 10-05-06


Isabel ArrowWalker McLaughlin (NY) - Long time Manataka member has been ill with serious back problems.  She will be diagnosed with a herniated disk placing pressure on her spine.  She will have surgery in late November.  We journey to the sacred mountain for this beautiful soul and lift her name up on the smoke of our fire giving thanks for the blessing of her healing. ~Lee Standing Bear 10-01-06


Bill XXXXX (AR) - Please pray for my son whose drinking has gotten to the point of alcoholism. He is a good man, works everyday that work is scheduled (he is in home improvement since 14 yrs of age ) but as soon as the days work is done, he starts drinking. I fear for his health, he is 46 and I want him to see a long lifetime as a sober man. Bill believes is the ways of the Indian and we know sincere prayers work.  M. Foster 10-01-06


Mrs. Van - wife of Rev. Jerry Lynch (deceased) Got a call from Michael Lynch (Her son) with an update. She is in the hospital in Memphis, TN and doctors are examining her. She is very weak and not eating.  Mrs. Lynch has been an inspiration to all Tennessee Indians and has served as one of the TN Commissioners of Indian Affairs. Please keep her and the family in your thoughts and prayers.  09-30-06 David Teat


Tom Smith (GA) (56) Recovering from a right leg amputated at the hip in June due to a cancerous tumor.  New tumors in both lungs.  Refusing chemo and depressed.  Going to another cancer center for a second opinion. I'm praying they don't find one spot!  Please keep him in your prayers. My sister and Tom would like to be married. Love and Blessings to all. ~Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett  09-21-06


Joanne Robertson - Thank you for your good prayers for our family. Please continue to pray for all of us.  Presently under health attack.  On blood pressure medicine, sleep apnea, anemia and other ladies' issues.  "Please... Lift up my husband, prayer." We have a new member, Masyn Daniel Robertson-Forget born to Nathan and Melanie at 8lbs. 1 1/2 oz. Thank you for your prayers and support. We love receiving the newsletter and having the opportunity to learn so much. Thank you. Meegwetch. Love always. 09-11-06     


Esther Marie Daniels - (Independence MO) was in critical condition in Blue Springs.  Moved to a nursing home for rehabilitation. Please pray for her recovery.  Thank you and many blessings.  Linda VanBibber  09-10-06


Gail Keller, 50, suffering from Lupus, Diabetes, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoporosis and lower chore back pain.  Fighting this every day.  9/8/06


Jeremy-White Wolf (WV)  I want to thank everyone for the prayers said and about to be said.  He's in school AND next week he plays his first football game of the year with his docs approval and to his teams relief lol. Jeremy had surgery June 2nd to remove a steel plate and pins from his leg. We would appreciate prayers for him. When his surgeon said he had healed miraculously well from last surgery he told him yes because my native family prayed for me. ~MountianWindSong King 09-04-06 


Birth Announcements

Darrel & Tanya Whitewolf Smith (  ) Cherokee-proudly announce the arrival of Brayden Denali Smith 10-24-06, 10:54pm 10lb. 9 ½oz.

Joe & Jarlyn Joseph (ID) Apache - proudly announce the birth of Daniel Wohali Joseph on 10-22-06, 12:01 am, 12 lbs, 1 oz. 





Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 



Manataka Announcements...


We owe the following members and individuals great big THANK YOU for contributing to the Fall Gathering.


Aurora Adney  David Furr Lloyd Marrow Becky Moore Charlotte Ringler
Dutch Applewhite  Dottie Furr Mindy Marrow Lee 'Bear' Moore Gayle Sexauer
Jody French-Applewhite Samatha Furr Rocky Miller Colleen Parker Crystal Little Salt Smith
Leonard Baker Mabelle Giraldo James Mitchell Paula Phillips Melinda Smith
Patti Burdette Arthur Gonzales Theresa Mitchell Rick Porea Calvin Standing Bear
David Daniel Pamela Kay Gonzales Lee Mitchell Qua ti si Michael Volchok
Jason Deering Crystal Harvey Royal Mitchell Magdala Rameriz Cheryl Wilkinson
Maureen Deering Rick Lewis Bobby Moberly Kathy Remsen Lee Wilkinson
Otto Riollano Davila Terry Long Mario Monroy Ken Riehl Bryan Williams
Bob Donaldson   Amanda Moore Shannon Riehl Ernie Zook
*We apologize to those who contributed to the Gathering but are not listed here.



Manataka Seeks Grant Writer

MAIC has several worthwhile projects that are severely under-funded.  Two of the projects are of unique design and proven effectiveness.  For the past 10 years, all programs and services were self-funded by members and supporters and we have not applied for financial assistance.  The worthiness of these programs requires more funds than can realistically be provided by individual contributions.  Experienced grant writers please contact:  


Booklets Available

Manataka now has available several thousand copies of a 16-page booklet titled “Native American Spirituality: An Informational Guide for Health Care Providers, Hospital Staff and Administrators, Chaplains, Funeral Directors, School Administrators and Others Regarding Ceremonies, Rights and Obligations.”  Read the booklet here


Single copies are $1.00 to cover the cost of mailing.  10 booklets - $5.00.  25 booklets $10.00  For higher quantities send us an email.  See related story below.


Manataka Seeks Advisory Board Members

Elders approved a motion to establish an Advisory Board who will research and develop recommendations to the Elder Council.  MAIC specifically seeks educators, attorneys, accountants, business leaders and other professionals to join the MAIC Advisory Board.  Please contact:



OCTOBER 2006 Elder Council Meeting...


The October meeting was held on the 22nd starting at 8:05 p.m., a quorum was established with five elders present.   



MASELA (Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America) Project.  Elder Otto Riollano Davila from Puerto Rico was present to make a presentation regarding priorities and initiatives. 


Tabled Discussions:  

Asset Acquisition project - Manataka American Indian Cultural Center. 

American Indian Spirituality Booklet conversion to CD.

Teaching Basic American Indian concepts and philosophy

Organize, Teach and Enforce Protocols

Elder Council Organization


Approved Motions: 


Rejected Motions:




Announcements:  None





NOTICE 1:    TWO ELDER COUNCIL POSITIONS REMAIN OPEN:   The Education Elder position will concentrate on developing public school curriculum based on American Indian philosophy and coordinating presentations to schools, civic organizations and churches. The Treasurer position is now open due to a recent resignation. The position will require experience in bookkeeping and/or accounting.   


If you feel qualified for this position, please submit your information now. Read More  (Posted 03-01-06)


NOTICE 2:     ELDER COUNCIL POSITION FILLED.  Long time member, Patty Blue Star Burdette Gayle of Hot Springs, AR was recently appointed Ceremonial Elder during the Summer Gathering. "Patty has great knowledge of ceremonies through her many travels over the years to participate in traditional ceremonies and the guidance of spiritual elders.  She walks quietly and speaks slowly.  She is humble and has an abiding love and loyalty for Manataka, said Chairperson, David Quiet Wind Furr.   Patty Blue Star replaces Jim PathFinder who resigned to devote more time to writing books.


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 


NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge - bad weather at Phil's Restaurant E. Grand.  


NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Becky Moore


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902


1.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.

2.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.

6.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.




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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Grandmother Selma, Florida

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala Ramirez, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas

Waynonaha Two Worlds


Susan Bates, Missouri

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Elaine Nowell, Louisana

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty

Linda VanBibber, Missouri




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