Manataka American Indian Council      Volume XII  Issue 8 AUGUST 2008


Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow 






Legends of Old: The Aholi and Walpi Katcinas - Hopi
Feature Story:

151 Australian Students Made   Honorary Manataka Members

Letters to the Editor:

Detergents, Teepees, Gossips
Organic Consumers:

29 Nations Cut-off Food Exports!

Elder's Meditations: Willaru Huayta, Quechua Nation, Peru
Health: GE Sugar to Hit U.S. in 2008
Plant Medicine: Return Of A Super-grain - Chia
Fluoride: Communities Rejecting Fluoride
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A Nakota Wild Horses Find Homes
Endangered Sacred Sites: Puerto Rico sites mired in politics





The Aholi and Other Walpi Katcinas - Hopi

Alksai! In Wlpi and Sitcmovi they were living, but not at the places where the villages now are, but where they used to be. In Wlpi lived an old man, the Ah'li Katcina. He had with him a little maiden who was his sister, the Katcn-mana.

As he was very old and feeble this maiden would always lead him. In the other village, Sitcmovi, lived a youth with his old grandmother, and as she also was very feeble he took care of her and used to lead her. One time the Ah'li and the little maiden went to their field 'south of Wlpi where they wanted to plant. They carried with them little pouches containing seeds. In their field was a bho shrine, and when they came to their field the Katcina first deposited some prayer-offerings in the shrine, first some corn-meal and then also some nakwkwosis which he drew forth from his corn-meal bag.

This bag he had tied around his neck. In this shrine lived M'yingwa and his sister Nay'ngap Wuhti.

"Have you come?" M'yingwa said. "Yes, we have come," they replied. "Thanks," Nay'ngap Wuhti said, "thanks, our father, that you have come. You have remembered us. No one has thought about us for a long time and brought some offering here, but you have thought about us." And she began to cry.  Hereupon Ah'li gave to each one a stick upon which some nakwkwosis were strung, and also some cornmeal.

Hereupon Nay'ngap Wuhti was crying still more. "Yes, we have come here," the Katcina said, "we are pitying our people because they have not had any crops for a long time, and now we thought about you here and have brought these prayer-offerings here. And now you pity them and let it rain now, and when it rains then a crop will grow again and they will have something to eat, and they will then be strengthened and revived, because they are only living a very little now.





Happy Birthday Leonard Peltier!


Leonard will celebrate his 64th birthday on September 12.  Please continue to lift Leonard's spirits by letting him know he is not forgotten.  Send
birthday cards and letters to: Leonard Peltier #89637-132, USP-Lewisburg, US Penitentiary, PO Box 1000, Lewisburg, PA 17837-1000.








Manataka Making a Relative Ceremony,

Henbury Special School, Northern Territory, Australia

By Lynn Dream Dancer Guy


On June 20, 2008, at the time of the summer solstice, 151 students, teachers and staff gathered to be inducted as honorary members of Manataka.













Students and teachers begin to gather

A couple of months ago I got a big surprise when I opened an email from Bear telling me about a sacred ceremony that was going to be held in Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia and asking if Id consider going along to help. I was surprised and delighted to be given this opportunity to assist my beautiful Manataka family and to be there for the students and staff of Henbury Special School. I thought back to my time as an Art Teacher in the Northern  Territory (also called the N.T. or The Territory) from the late 80s to late 90s - how in my early years Id written on behalf of my Aboriginal Students to another Native American tribes school to see if we could be linked and share experiences. They never replied to my letter then and wed been disappointed. Now the Circle had turned and here was my beloved Cherokee family offering to adopt a whole school: students and staff! How beautiful. Spirit always has wonderful gifts and surprises here was one very special one!







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Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.



Hi!  My name is Louisa and I happened on your site while investigating owl information.  You mentioned in your bio that you celebrate a monthly women's circle.  I and a group of friends live in Nova Scotia, Canada.  I have studied a little shamanism and am a Reiki practitioner and I am very

interested in what you do.  Would you mind letting me know?  It's very difficult in this part of the world to find teachers and gain knowledge.  Thanks a million. ~Louisa


Hello Louisa,


We do not practice shamanism (Russian mysticism.) so we are not sure that we can help. 


It may be in your favor that "teachers" are not plentiful in your part of the world.  Teachers often lead us away from ourselves down paths for which we not intended and attempt to make us of their image.


All spiritual knowledge is found within ourselves. We need not be taught or told what is spiritual knowledge, but often we must be instructed how to "remember" what we already know. Remembering the knowledge of the ancients found within us is not easy. Interaction in the modern world constantly distract our attention from our inner being.  We must find our own ways to calm ourselves and wipe away all the distraction, confusing messages, and 'learning' from others that all serve as roadblocks to achieving 'remembrance of self'.  ~Takatoka, Manataka 


Dear Editor,

I am in the process of switching cleansers and detergents in my home to better alternatives (vinegar and baking soda work wonders, have many uses, and are cheap), and I'm trying to figure out how to dispose of chemical cleansers in a "good" way that won't infiltrate ground water or water supply, but will get them out of my home. In time I also hope to change laundry detergents to a non-sudsing, no-filler, older soap. Lysol Disinfectant, ammonia, Scrubbing Bubbles, Comet, etc. -- any suggestions for disposal?  ~Kim Summer Moon


Hello Kim,

1.    Do not not to pour them down the sink. 

2.    Make sure the containers are well sealed.

3.    Put the containers in a box or paper bag.

4.    Take them to your worst enemy.


Seriously, take them to your local landfill.  They have a special handling and disposal protocol.




Hello Manataka,

We have a twenty four foot tipi that is out in the weather. The poles are bowing in and we feel they are too small in diameter for this specific purpose of being in the rain that weighs down the canvas and causes the poles to bow. The poles I want would be 2.5" in diameter at top of tipi, as of pole as I can get for being in the weather, set up all all the time and wouldn't bow, can you get this diameter size? I figure 36' long so they can be 2.5" at tipi opening and very thick all the way down to bottom of pole. ~Charles Finnigan

Hello Charles,


You do not say what kind of wood poles you are using.  That information is vitally important.  We use a species called "lodge pole pine".  Light and flexible, but very sturdy and weathers good in wet and cold climates.  We would advise against using thick poles.  If you do use thick poles, the tripod bundle will become too large and the canvas will not sit right causing the bottom to be a foot or more from the ground. 


The best answer to your problem is to disassemble the poles when not in use and stand them up straight up against a tree or some other pole that is planted in the ground (do not use a low power line pole).  Do not ever lay poles directly on the ground when storing -- they will warp big time. Wrap a rot-proof rope around the poles.  The water runs right off and warping is never a problem. When the teepee is up, rotate your poles regularly or as often as needed . ~Editor 


Dear Manataka,


We are having a lot of trouble in our American Indian group with a person who gossips and 'bears false witness'.  She is usually a nice person, helpful with many projects and events. But, the pain she causes has prompted several people to drop out. Many arguments have erupted over things this person has said and done.  She is very sly with her comments, little barbs and lies told over a long period of time that brings division among us.  When confronted about her behavior, she denies any wrong doing.  She enjoys 'preaching' to others from the Bible about all their faults.  Is she mentally ill?  What do we do? ~Morning Dove Mitchell


Morning Dove,


Why does all this sound familiar?  This is a common problem in our society - in workplaces, among friends, family and other groups. This person is not necessarily mentally ill to a point requiring hospitalization, but she does have a serious problem with low self-esteem and wants to control others -- regardless how it is done. When she cannot point a finger of guilt at someone, she will make up issues to justify her actions. You are fortunate to belong to an American Indian organization who strives to uphold traditional ways.  In the old days, a person like your friend was placed in the center of the circle by  elders and confronted publicly with their behavior. If the person reacts in a positive way and renounces their behavior, then the issue is resolved, and hopefully the same errors are not repeated. If the individual reacts negatively, then the person is banished or severely punished. End of problem.


Some tribes publicly whipped gossips, but we do not advise this as a solution.  ~Takatoka 















While U.S. consumers struggle to cope with steadily rising food and energy costs, a billion rural farmers and low-income families are suffering from what can only be described as a global food crisis. The New York Times reported last week that at least 29 countries have sharply curbed or completely cut-off grain exports to make sure their own populations have enough to eat. According to the article, "When it comes to rice, India, Vietnam, China and 11 other countries have limited or banned exports. Fifteen countries, including Pakistan and Bolivia, have capped or halted wheat exports. More than a dozen have limited corn exports." articles/article_13260.cfm


The Organic Consumers Association's (OCA) and allies are calling for a boycott of all Kellogg's products after Kellogg's refuses to source only GE-Free Sugar. Monsanto's RoundUp Ready Genetically Engineered Sugar is due to hit stores this year, exposing  millions of consumers to untested and unlabeled "Franken Foods" that threaten human heath, the environment and farmers' rights everywhere.
 Take Action-Join the Boycott!

A new report from the International Monetary Fund estimates that biofuels are responsible for as much as 30% of the global food shortage. Despite this fact, at the United Nation's emergency food summit in Rome, USDA Secretary of Agriculture, Edward Schafer, defended the U.S. government's decision to spend billions of dollars subsidizing corn and soybean-based ethanol and biofuel, falsely claiming that biofuels contributed only 2% to 3% of the overall increase in global food prices over the past year. According to USDA spokesman, Jim Brownlee, Mr. Schafer was unaware that his statistics were off by nearly 90%. Take Action: Sign OCA's Biofuel Moratorium Petition:

"The $1.2 billion the World Bank says will solve the food crisis in Africa is a $1.2 billion subsidy to the chemical industry. Countries are made dependent on chemical fertilizers when their prices have tripled in the last year due to rising oil prices. I say to governments: spend a quarter of that on organic farming and you've solved your problems."

Vandana Shiva, an Indian physics professor and Organic Consumers Association Advisory board Member, speaking in Italy in response to the the U.N. food summit in Rome last month, where the World Bank pledged $1.2 billion in grants to help with the food crisis, most of which is earmarked for chemical fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified (GM) crops.


In a revealing interview with the Guardian UK last week, Martin Taylor, the chairman of one of the world's leading sellers and promoters of seeds for GM crops, Syngenta, admitted that biotech foods cannot feed the world. Taylor told the Guardian, "GM won't solve the food crisis, at least not in the short term." This is in stark contrast to the biotech industry's ongoing propaganda that the world must embrace genetically engineered crops in order to feed the world's growing population. Although Syngenta and other biotech giants like Monsanto regularly also claim that GM crops are environmentally sustainable, Syngenta's chairman confessed the biotech industry's real focus is on lucrative crops and high-priced seeds and pesticides with "hardly any environmental benefits".

Brought to you by ORGANIC BYTES, from Organic Consumers Assoc.






"Also ask your heart to purify and cleanse this defect and harmful desire. Ask also the help of the inner father and mother. Every time we eliminate a defect, we build our soul, our inner temple. We ascend, like going up a stairway." -Willaru Huayta, Quechua Nation, Peru


The building blocks to knowledge and wisdom are constructed through the lessons of our character defects if we constructively review our conduct each day, asking where we are resentful, selfish, dishonest, or afraid. Remember, we need to review constructively, not destructively. Destructive review is when we ask, "what's the matter with me anyway," or, "how could I be so stupid?" These questions lead to morbid reflection or remorse and seriously affect our self esteem. In constructive review we ask, "what will I do next time?" With constructive review we progressively eliminate the defect and replace it with wisdom.


My Creator,

allow me to have my

defects because

through them I

gain in knowledge of

Your will.

By Don Coyhis




ALERT: Genetically Engineered Sugar to Hit U.S. in 2008

Background Information: American Crystal, a large Wyoming-based sugar company and several other leading U.S. sugar providers have announced they will be sourcing their sugar from genetically engineered (GE) sugar beets beginning this year and arriving in stores in 2008. Like GE corn and GE soy, products containing GE sugar will not be labeled as such.

Since half of the granulated sugar in the U.S. comes from sugar beets, a move towards biotech beets marks a dramatic alteration of the U.S. food supply. These sugars, along with GE corn and soy, are found in many conventional food products, so consumers will be exposed to genetically engineered ingredients in just about every non-organic multiple-ingredient product they purchase.







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Seeds Of Wellness: Return Of A Super-grain

By Ted Kreiter, Saturday Evening Post



The Aztec civilization may never rise again, but part of its ancient legacy may be a gift of better health to those who have rediscovered the secret of its prized "running food."



In the annals of nutrition history, the last half-century may well be considered the age of the super-grains. Starting in the 1960s, Dr. Norman Borlaug developed disease-resistant dwarf wheat and sparked the "Green Revolution" in Asia; Purdue University researchers discovered opaque-2 maize, with the mutation that doubles the protein value of corn; and Canadian researchers developed triticale, the long-sought cross between barley and wheat. But what may be the most functional of all the super-grains still remains virtually unknown. It is the tiny seed of the Salvia Hispanica L. plant, better known as chia, the same plant family used to grow furry foliage on those popular chia pets.






Submitted by:

Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent

Fluoride Action Network




List of Communities Rejecting Fluoridation Grows Larger
The number of communities rejecting fluoridation continues to grow. On April 1, Quebec City in Canada terminated its fluoridation program after 36 years, thus joining the ranks of other major Canadian cities - such as Montreal and Vancouver - which do not fluoridate their water. Another major victory occurred on the Isle of Man in Europe when the Health Ministry announced on June 12th that it was abandoning its attempt to fluoridate water after a government survey showed the public opposed to the plan. Other communities recently rejecting fluoridation include Dryden, Ontario; Littleton, Massachusetts; and Yarmouth, Massachusetts. In Dryden, voters rejected a fluoridation proposal by a 7-to-1 margin!

City that Gave Birth to Fluoridation is Having Second Thoughts

In 1945, Grand Rapids, Michigan became the first city to ever fluoridate its water.  Now, 63 years later, some city officials in this town are beginning to wonder whether they should join the growing tide of cities and towns rejecting fluoridation.

'the chemical widely credited with dramatically cutting cavities and promoting oral hygiene, is having its scientific credentials questioned in the city that literally swallowed it first... [T]he push here mirrors a spreading nationwide awareness and re-examination of the health impact of a wide variety of chemicals added to food, health-care products and water.'  ~Chicago Tribune 06-23-08





No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.


Big Buck Wins


A group of Choctaw Indians friends went deer hunting and paired off in twos for the day.  That night, one of the hunters returned alone, staggering under the weight of an eight-point buck.  "Where's Henry?" the others asked.


"Henry had a stroke of some kind.  He's a couple of miles back up the trail," the successful hunter replied.


"You left Henry laying out there and carried the deer back?" they inquired.

"A tough call," nodded the hunter.  "But I figured no one's gonna steal Henry!"






North Dakota Wild Horses Find Homes

Eleven years ago, Chatham's Hilary Goff first met wild Nokota horses from the badlands of western North Dakota. Since then, about 70 of them have come through her pasture on their way to adoptive homes locally and up and down the East Coast. Some came to stay.

Goff, a nurse at University of Pennsylvania's New Bolton Center, is now on the board of directors of the Nokota Horse Conservancy and has introduced the local and not-so-local horse community to the gentle-tempered, athletic, sound and solidly built American Indian horses. They are being used for just about all recreational equine pursuits including foxhunting, trail riding, competitive endurance riding, dressage, 4-H and as pets.

Nokotas are descendents of Sioux Indian and frontier ranch horses that were used as war horses, buffalo runners and all-purpose saddle horses. Generations after American Indians were made to settle in reservations, the wild herds grew, living in the rugged Little Missouri Badlands from 1880 until 1950. When the area became Theodore Roosevelt National Park under the jurisdiction of the National Park Service, most of the wild herds were culled. In the 1980s, brothers Leo and Frank Kuntz made it their business to save as many of the original wild horses as they could manage. Ever since, they have worked to preserve the breed that they named the Nokota.







Puerto Rico archeological find mired in politics





SAN JUAN -- The lady carved on the ancient rock is squatting, with frog-like legs sticking out to each side. Her decapitated head is dangling to the right.

That's how she had been, perfectly preserved, for up to 800 years, until the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers came upon her last year while building a $375 million dam to control flooding in southern Puerto Rico.

She was buried again last week with the hope that some day specialists will study her and Puerto Rican children will visit and learn about the lives of the Taino Indians who created her. But archaeologists and government officials first had to settle a raging debate about who should have control over her and other artifacts sent to Georgia for analysis.

The ancient petroglyph of the woman was found on a five-acre site in Jcana, a spot along the Portugues River in the city of Ponce, on Puerto Rico's southern coast. Among the largest and most significant ever unearthed in the Caribbean, archaeologists said, the site includes plazas used for ceremony or sport, a burial ground, residences and a midden mound -- a pile of ritual trash.

The finding sheds new light on the lifestyle and activities of a people extinct for nearly 500 years.




Manataka Trading Post






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