Manataka American Indian Council  Volume XII Issue 11 NOVEMBER 2008


Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow



Page 2 of 3




Legends of Old: Corn Mother - A Penobscot Legend
Feature Story:

Deconstructing Thanksgiving Myths

Letters to the Editor:

Animal Spirit Guides, DNA, Making A Sacred Bundle, Sweat Lodge
Organic Consumers: Organic Labeling, Chicken Farming
Elder's Meditations: Joe Coyhis, Stockbridge-Munsee
Health: Chemotherapy Poisoning
Plant Medicine:

Sweet Flag / Bitterroot


Tea Drinkers Beware!

Animal Rights and Wrongs: A Ocean Ecosystem and Seabirds
Endangered Sacred Sites: Desecration of Hawaiian Gravesite






Corn Mother

A Penobscot Legend

What the buffalo represented to the nomadic tribes of the plains, corn was to the planting people of the East and the Southwest - the all-nourishing sacred food, the subject of innumerable legends and the central theme of many rituals.


Derived from a wild grass called "Teosintl", corn was planted in Mexico's Tehuacan valley as early as 8,000 years ago. The oldest corn found north of the border was discovered in New Mexico's Bat Cave. It is about 5,500 years old.


The Hopis say: "Moing''iima makes corn. Everything grows on his body. He is short, about the height of a boy. He has a female partner. Every summer he becomes heavy, his body is full of vegetables: watermelon, corn, squash. They grow in his body. When the Hopi plant, they invariably ask him to make the crop flourish; then their things come up, whether vegetables or fruit. When he shaves his body, the seeds come out, and afterward his body is thin. He used to live on this earth and go with the Hopi. When things grow ripe, he becomes thin and is unhappy. He stays in the west." Corn had equal significance for tribes in the East, as we see in this tale from a New England tribe.







For Classroom use


Deconstructing The Myths of the

"First Thanksgiving"
by Judy Dow (Abenaki) and Beverly Slapin


What is it about the story of "The First Thanksgiving" that makes it essential to be taught in virtually every grade from preschool through high school? What is it about the story that is so seductive? Why has it become an annual elementary school tradition to hold Thanksgiving pageants, with young children dressing up in paper-bag costumes and feather-duster headdresses and marching around the school yard?  Why is it seen as necessary for fake "pilgrims" and fake "Indians" (portrayed by real children, many of whom are Indian) to sit down every year to a fake feast, acting out fake scenarios and reciting fake dialogue about friendship? And why do teachers all over the country continue (for the most part, unknowingly) to perpetuate this myth year after year after year?

Is it because as Americans we have a deep need to believe that the soil we live on and the country on which it is based was founded on integrity and cooperation? This belief would help contradict any feelings of guilt that could haunt us when we look at our role in more recent history in dealing with other indigenous peoples in other countries. If we dare to give up the "myth" we may have to take responsibility for our actions both concerning indigenous peoples of this land as well as those brought to this land in violation of everything that makes us human. The realization of these truths untold might crumble the foundation of what many believe is a true democracy. As good people, can we be strong enough to learn the truths of our collective past? Can we learn from our mistakes? This would be our hope. 

Thanksgiving Myth #1: "The First Thanksgiving" occurred in 1621.

"Thanksgiving is a truly American holiday. Its traditions began in the New World with a feast shared by the Pilgrims and Native Americans. The Pilgrims decided to have a three-day celebration feast to give thanks for a good harvest. Thus began the first Thanksgiving."
~Judith Stamper, Thanksgiving Fun Activity Book

"In New England the first traditional Thanksgiving was celebrated by the Plymouth colonists."
~Kathy Ross, Crafts for Thanksgiving

"During the fall of 1621, he declared that there would be a feast to celebrate their first bountiful harvest. Today, we think of that wonderful harvest feast as the first American Thanksgiving. (Although for them Native Americans, it was actually their fifth thanksgiving feast of the year!)"
~Deborah Fink, It's a Family Thanksgiving!

"The first Thanksgiving was a celebration of the Pilgrims' very first harvest. [The cornucopia reminds] us of the first Thanksgiving when Pilgrims gave thanks for their first rich harvest in the New World." 
~Janice Kinnealy, Let's Celebrate Thanksgiving, A Book of Drawing Fun

"The feast at Plymouth in 1621 is often called The First Thanksgiving."
~Robert Merrill Bartlett, The Story of Thanksgiving

"The pilgrims wanted to give thanks for all the good food. That was the first Thanksgiving."
~Karen Gray Ruelle, The Thanksgiving Beast Feast

Thanksgiving Fact #1: No one knows when the "first" thanksgiving occurred. People have been giving thanks for as long as people have existed. Indigenous nations all over the world have celebrations of the harvest that come from very old traditions; for Native peoples, thanksgiving comes not once a year, but every day, for all the gifts of life. To refer to the harvest feast of 1621 as "The First Thanksgiving" disappears Indian peoples in the eyes of non-Native children.

Thanksgiving Myth #2: The people who came across the ocean on the Mayflower were called Pilgrims.





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Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.


The Great Rock - Bulahdelah - Alum' Mountain

Dear Editor
I am touching base with Manataka from my Country in Australia and wanted to let the readers know about what is happening to Bulahdelah 'The Alum' Mountain, 'the Great Rock.

We have advanced little on the ground while the major road works continue to plan aa six lane highway through our Sacred Women's Site.  We are planning a great festival at the end of October so that more people are aware.  The Federal Government whom I have been in contact with over this are making a decision on an urgent declaration.  It would appear if it was urgent no decision would be needed to be waiting around to decide this.  Meanwhile, I am confident to stop this and at the same time I am on bended knees to my Ancestors saying I have done all that I can do but for one last act of throwing the law books at them over their blatant disrespect and allowing desecration to happen.  I am quite well aware that I also know I am on bended knees to the Ancestors for if they have chosen me and I do not deliver then I ask, 'Am I worthy?  and yet I am restored in my Ancestors and I am stubborn that is me for my Sacred sites.  Australia.

I love the fact that we have choice I love the fact that our children can have this choice and I am determined to make this a better place for all children.  With much love thank you Manataka for listening and sharing my thoughts with those people who are so much loved by their Creator also.  ~Elvina Jean

Animal Spirit Guides

Dear Manataka:

Normally I would keep to myself on matters of my spirituality. But sometimes you need all the help you can get. Especially when it comes to Raven.


Raven was my original life guide but stepped aside about 8 years ago, leaving Fox in his place. He's occasionally come to my aid since. Recently He's dropped hints about a different aspect/sibling spirit in the White Raven. I have a friend whose a bit older than I and still very much follows Raven as her core life guide. She's recently been receiving the impression of some significance to this but not in the same way as I have. Her impression is that she should keep her eyes open for White Raven. Mine is that I should seek it. 


What I've been getting is an impression of a primordial being that sort of eases the transitions in life and between lives. A being of judgment but in the sense that it teaches one to reflect upon their own self-judgments.


I know that this fits with much of the European aspect of Raven as a shadowy greater being of death but it feels different to me. It almost seems like the opposite in some ways. It doesn't feel like any other face of Raven that I've been shown yet. I know that there's much more to learn about this. ~Aubry Krough

Hello Aubry,


We believe you answered your own question in the opening line of your message. Matters of spirituality are individualized intentionally by the Creator.  As with all other things of creation, our soul is unique, exclusive and distinctive to our nature, inimitable and absolutely irreplaceable except by Devine Will.


Yes, we can tell you about the nature of Raven - her habits and behavior, etc., but we cannot tell you what Raven may wish to share with you.  We can tell you our interpretation, but like your friend's, it will have little value because it is not your interpretation.  Your interpretation is all that matters. Your interpretation, borne in the depths of your experience, personality, and destiny are all linked to your own spirituality, your soul.  No other person may enter into that realm.  


Yes, we are aware that it is human's way to assign specific meanings to messengers of the Spirit (we are guilty of this in our article about Spirit Messengers on our website).  It is man's way to create dogma and doctrine around such things and by doing so, discourages people to seek their own path, their own connection with the Creator of All Things.  ~Manataka   

Puerto Rico Sacred Sites


"Some 75 boxes of skeletons, ceramics, small petroglyphs and rocks were sent via Federal Express in two double-boxed shipments for analysis." Again, that's 75 boxes! (see related story - page 3)

Here's what they're doing to our ancestral remains in Boriken, the brilliant state of archeology today. And don't be fooled by the Puerto Rican archeologists - they're merely upset they didn't get to the shovel first! Rodriguez's comments about the 18th and 19th century are pure myth,as displayed in this pitiful situation, and as we see taking place in many other places today, including in Ka Pae'aina Hawai'i. Is he really saying that all of the skeletal remains displayed in museums in Puerto Rico have
been removed?? We just had a big discussion of this very issue in myAmerican Indian Experience summer course, and this just goes to show how this type of grave robbery and "analysis" are not at all things of the past. I guess we should just be so "thankful" that the Corps didn't completely destroy the site when they could have. What does this statement have to say about the value and dignity of life and the afterlife? I will actually be in Jacana soon to inspect the situation for myself. Not looking forward to it. ~Tony Castanha


Making A Sacred Bundle

Greetings in Peace,


I am an elder at the American Indian Christian Gathering.


We mixed & full-bloods worship our Creator and his son Jesus Christ in the Indian way.  We have the Sacred Drum and we call the Spirits from the four directions after our smudging ceremony to start our worship. In our sacred circle we pass the prayer feather, listen to Indian flute music and have a message delivered with context from the Holy Bible. The service is concluded with everyone dancing around the sacred circle & singing with our drummers songs honoring our Creator & Jesus (the Indian Way)


We hold dear to us All Inter-Tribal Ceremonies and Traditions that honor our Creator and do our very best to perform them with respect & according to proper protocol.


I have been charged with creating the Sacred Bundle for our church as we offer tobacco when we worship.  Out of Respect for White Buffalo Calf Women and the Sioux Nation's traditions I want to fashion this pipe as close as possible to the original, protected by Chief Arvol Looking Horse of Green Grass.


I wish to have photographs of the Sacred Pipe.  If that is not possible due to it's sacred status I completely understand.  If possible, could I get a drawing or illustration of the Sacred pipe noting size and dimensions.  I have tried to research this treasure & have found nothing so far. I have questions regarding the seven circles of various sizes and the white buffalo calf engravings. Their size, location and appearance. If you could assist us we would be eternally grateful.   ~Tommy Spotted-Owl Barlow



Hello Tommy Spotted Owl,


Yes, we have an exact description and pictures of the Sacred Chanupa.  And, we have the address for Looking Horse.  However, we are unable to share either with you.  We are prevented from sharing pictures because of its sacredness and we are prevented from sharing his email due to specific protocols.


We suggest that you do not attempt to create a bundle in the image of others.  You are not Sioux so therefore, we do not recommend that you use anything that is not related your background and experience. 


A sacred bundle is not created in the same way as a painting or craftwork.  A bundle is a holy object delivered into the midst of a people by the Devine.  We cannot use our will to manifest a bundle into existence, neither can we craft one.  Only by a manifestation of the Creator can a true bundle become reality.  


Yes, we are aware that many people today make an object and place a red cloth over it and call it a sacred bundle.  We do not fault this practice because we do not know the true intent in every case.  However, it is possible the intent is based on ego, misinformation, or a misguided desire to experience the Sacred, regardless of how mechanical or human-motivated it may be. 


We can see from your message that you intent is honorable.  Thus, we would expect that your search will continue in a good way.  Many blessings to you and the people of your church. ~Manataka

Maggie's Soap Nuts are Good!

Dear Manataka:

Seems Creator answered my question this evening about my cleanser problem and all the chemical smells. In fact, I will send my friends the link to the page and let them read for themselves. Maybe they'll try it also. I put Manataka on my toolbar and saw "Maggie's Soap Nuts" - I had to try it. I used Maggie's Soap Nuts and it did great. My family of four with the laundry, and I go through cleaners and detergents like water in this family. I felt that 'nudge' earlier to check Manataka's site FIRST before 'asking around' ... will try to remember that next time.  ~Kim Wilson

DNA and Tribal Enrollment

Hi Manataka,

I just read the story by Kim Tallbear refuting the DNA testing for Native Americans. I just have a question. If a family filed over 200 applications for enrollment in the 1890's and were denied for political
reasons, but, their kids dna today is native american, what does that say for enrollment procedures? If one Indian does not like another, and putsthem out of the tribe, does that mean that person is not Indian anymore? I firmly believe that if you can prove ancestors applying to rolls years ago, (before it was "cool") to be an Indian,,, and the DNA is indeed Native American, they should be allowed into the tribe.  Thanks for your time. ~John Pace

Hello John,

We have nothing to do with enrollment requirements for any tribe.  All are regulated by the federal government and the tribes and your questions are best directed to the Department of the Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs and your congressional representatives.  Do not be frustrated over things you cannot change.  It is sorta like arguing with a storm.

Be who you are.  What a piece of government paper says is not important.  Be happy with your walk in life, it is the best way for others to know who you are.  If that is American Indian, then so be it. ~Manataka

Sweat Lodge for Hire?

I am on staff for an organization working on a reservation in SD.  We have people from all over the world come out and volunteer (build houses, bunk beds, etc).  We are not missionaries and we emphasize that. We have had people request the opportunity to sweat.  Upon that request, we are considering making that an option in upcoming years.  However, we would like to know what the Native people think of white people sweating.  Also, do you think there should be a selection process or should anyone be able to sweat - Gina

Hello Gina,


We prefer to call it a Purification Lodge, rather than a sweat lodge -- there is a big difference between a sauna (even a primitive one) and a holy place where a person has spiritual experiences. Purification Lodges have been around for thousands of years and are found among every culture on earth -- American Indians do not have an exclusive license on places of Purification.  Saunas have also been around for thousands of years -- but the two should never be confused.


There should be no problem with the local populous if your agency sponsors a sauna-type experience and nothing more.  However, there could be serious problems if those who participate expect to have an authentic spiritual experience in a Purification Lodge and you do not have an experienced, recognized lodge leader who conducts ceremony according to local traditions. 


That is, no Lakota songs or prayers may be used unless there is a lodge leader who knows the language and is qualified.  If you attempt to pass off a sauna-type experience as traditional ceremony, there could be serious consequences.  People do not take well to disrespect of the sacred. 


Your visitors are not looking for a sauna -- they desire an authentic indigenous spirit experience, true?  Therefore, if your agency is absolutely focused on providing this "service", we advise your agency to locate a locally recognized spiritual leader who will consider allowing your guests to enter his/her lodge. 


And, for heavens sake, never allow the lodge leader or anyone else to charge money for the privilege of entering the lodge.  That single thing could bring down serious wrath.  Money can never be a part of spiritual ceremony.  Those who do charge money for the Purification Lodge are shams, pure and simple.


A selection process? 

We do know some lodge leaders who "select" those who may enter.  We do not judge these individuals, but that practice is not our way.  We feel that the Purification lodge does not belong to the lodge leader, the sponsors or any one else, but instead the lodge belongs to the Creator of All Things.  The Creator does not "select" who may enter the sacred circle of spiritual experience, so who are we to play God over the feelings and paths of others?  We are confident in opening our lodge to strangers because we have learned ways to handle the extreme negativity as it enters the lodge. 


It is true some lodges are intended for use only by family, clan and friends, and therefore the participants can feel extremely uncomfortable opening the lodge to strangers who may be nothing more than tourists or idle gawkers.  That is their right and they have an obligation to uphold local traditions.


It is our opinion that your agency is not in the business of providing spiritual guidance and support and therefore should leave this area alone. ~Manataka







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Campaign Update of the Month:
Fighting Organic Label Fraud-- Round One Legal Victory for Organic Consumers

As reported previously in Organic Bytes, the Organic Consumers Association and Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps have sued organic certifier Ecocert in the ongoing campaign to stop the certification and misleading labeling of fake organic personal care products that are fundamentally made-up of synthetic ingredients and petrochemicals. Dr. Bronner's has launched a further umbrella lawsuit against specific companies who label their products as "organic" but have primary ingredients that are synthetic. After hearing oral arguments earlier this month, the San Francisco County Superior Court ruled on October 8 that Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps can proceed with its lawsuit seeking to compel so-called "organic" companies and certifiers to drop, or stop certifying, deceptive organic label and brand claims. Brands denounced by OCA and Bronner's include Avalon "Organics", Jason "Pure, Natural & Organic", Nature's Gate "Organics", Kiss My Face "Obsessively Organic", Giovanni "Organic Cosmetics", Head "Organics", Desert Essence "Organics" and Stella McCartney's CARE "100% Organic".

Alert of the Month:
National Call-In Day for Farm Worker Rights!
Whole Foods: Can you Hear Us Now?

Despite a mobilization by thousands of organic consumers, Teamsters, and United Farm Workers, sending in petitions and handing out leaflets at Whole Foods Market stores in 33 states, WFM is refusing to stand up for workers rights! Oregon-based Beef Northwest, the feedlot corporation that fattens up Country Natural Beef's herds, refuses to negotiate with the United Farm Workers in good faith. Whole Foods in the single largest seller of Country Natural Beef in the U.S. Joining leading elected officials in Oregon, Presidential Candidate Senator Barack Obama, in a letter earlier this year urged Beef Northwest to sit down and negotiate a contract with the United Farm Workers. In the spirit of Cesar Chavez, please support the United Farmworkers Union drive at the Beef Northwest feedlots in Oregon and send a message to the world: eliminate labor exploitation in the organic and natural food sectors.

Organic Facts of the Month:

  • If organic farming methods were practiced on all the planet's food-growing land, it would be like taking more than 1.5 billion cars off the road.

  • You can increase your antioxidant intake by 30 percent by choosing organic.

  • The average child in America is exposed to five pesticides daily in their food and drinking water.

  • The U.S. water system is regularly contaminated above safe limits immediately following chemical fertilizer applications to farm fields.

  • Farms in developing countries that use organic techniques produce an average of 79% more than farms that don't.

Sustainability Tip of the Month:
Users Guide to the Backyard Chicken Movement

In cities across the U.S., health and organic-minded "locavores" are starting to raise their own chickens. This backyard farmers movement is a direct result of the birth and evolution of the "eat local" consciousness. On a city by city basis, a nationwide grassroots campaign is gradually convincing municipalities to drop previous laws that did not allow small flocks of poultry to be raised in city limits. "Fresh is not what you buy at the grocery store. Fresh is when you go into your backyard, put it in your bag, and eat it," said Carol-Ann Sayle, co-owner of an urban farm in Austin, Texas, located within walking distance from the state capitol. "Everyone should have their own henhouse in their own backyard."

Brought to you by ORGANIC BYTES, from Organic Consumers Assoc.





"Listen to all the teachers in the woods. Watch the trees, the animals and all living things - you'll learn more from them than from books." --Joe Coyhis, Stockbridge-Munsee


Nature is a living example of how communities live in harmony. If you go into the forest or mountain and sit still and watch, ask yourself, what lessons are being taught? Then watch how the animals conduct themselves. The trees could represent diversity. The flowers could represent people. Notice how everything in nature assists one another. See how balance works. See how conflict is handled. Can you see acts of forgiveness? Can you spot respect? Nature is full of wisdom if wee will only consider her to be our teacher.


My Creator,

today let me learn from nature.

By Don Coyhis



Chemotherapy Poisoning

Chemotherapy treatments are not only a medical fraud; they're also bankrupting families across America and around the world. As today's feature article clearly shows

(, chemotherapy has but one purpose: To extract the life savings of cancer victims before they die.  Don't believe us? Read my special report: The Breast Cancer Deception:  


Women everywhere are waking up to the reality of the pink ribbon fraud, and they're learning how to prevent and CURE cancer on their own! The cancer industry, of course, is terrified that women might be informed, educated and free of cancer. That's why they're doing their best now to keep women ignorant, nutritionally illiterate, barefoot and diseased.

Cookware Poisoning

An astonishing 100% of women have nonstick cookware chemicals in their breastmilk, according to recent research. It's a sobering reminder of just how much we're poisoning our children with toxic chemicals in foods and cookware. Read the full details on this disturbing discovery at:

(So what kind of cookware should you use? Don't use any! Feed those babies RAW, living foods and they're grow up healthy!) - [On the practical side:  Use stainless steel or iron cookware -- least amount of metal leaching.




High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) has become a modern-day plague. Not only does it contribute to our obesity epidemic, but it has also been linked to:

Pancreas dysfunction, diabetes and insulin resistance

High cholesterol and heart disease


High blood pressure


Liver damage


And more

Sadly, the average consumption of fructose has doubled between 1980 and 1994. Soft drinks and some fruit drinks are a major source of HFCS, but it is also found in many other products, from crackers to salad dressing.  Fructose contains zero enzymes, vitamins or minerals — and it leeches micronutrients from your body.

Why is it found in so many products? Because, after air, water, and salt, it’s the cheapest ingredient in the American food chain (and we know how the food industry likes to save money…)  I’d also urge you to  be on the lookout for HFCS in its many “disguises” — conveniently (for the food industry) labeled as chicory, inulin, iso glucose, glucose-fructose syrup, fruit fructose, and others.

Another major “health torpedo” you want to watch out for is…



Gluten — Wheat (and other grains containing gluten) is NOT your friend. My experience has shown that you could well be one of the estimated 1 in 10 people who have at least a subclinical intolerance to gluten protein. This is actually a food allergy.  I recommend avoiding gluten, even the organic whole-grain types.  Gluten intolerance has been linked to miscarriage, autism, intestinal disease (including irritable bowel syndrome), malnutrition, rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease, and developmental delay in children, just to name a few. Oftentimes, your gluten sensitivity may present with various unexplained symptoms.

Getting rid of these two health bombs will go a long way toward improving your health.






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Sweet Flag / Bitterroot

Acorus calamus

By Jim McDonald,


I probably know Calamus more deeply than any other plant I’ve worked with, yet in spite of that (or perhaps because of it…) I find it most difficult to capture what I know of it in a way that adequately conveys its essential nature; its medicine.  Perhaps this is because Calamus is not a plant that facilitates “capturing” on any level, but rather teaches us to yield to the flow of things and let go of our needs for stark outlines and delineations.  Still, this plant has clearly offered itself to me not only to learn from, but to share, and so that I’ll try to do…


Acorus calamus is a semi-aquatic plant that likes to grow with “wet feet”, often alongside Irises, Cattails, and other waterweeds.  It likes the edges of ponds, lakes, and rivers, but I've seen it growing in drier soil as well.  The leaves are similar to Cattail or Iris leaves, being sword shaped, and from 2 1/2 to 3 feet in length.  Calamus leaves, though, are a yellow-green in color, not blue-green, and have a slightly wavy margin (edge) and a midrib.  Easily, the most effective way to identify the plant is to break off and smell the leaves.  Ahhhh… nothing else smells like Sweet Flag.  The root is a rhizome, which is a horizontal tuber that runs across the ground.  It is marked by leaf scars above, and produces abundant rootlets, which for the most part go straight down, below.  There are no stems; the leaves rise directly from the rhizome.   The plant can easily be cultivated from a root cutting, and will grow quickly once established.  I have a few different varieties growing in a non-draining planter that I keep wet, and it thrives, producing flowers every year.  I used wild soil in the planter, and the seeds and roots that came along with have all happily sprouted, offering a little wetland ecosystem that, when I was living on the third floor of an apartment building, the birds and insects delighted in. 







Submitted by:

Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent

Fluoride Action Network




Tea Drinkers Beware! 


New York - Fluoride added to tap water (fluoridation) puts tea drinkers at risk of damaged bones, discolored teeth and soft tissue harm, studies show. 
Tea has naturally high fluoride levels. Excess fluoride can weaken bones and discolor children’s un-erupted teeth. When fluoridated water is used to make tea, fluoride levels consumed can be health damaging.
Four cups, of 20 teas sampled, delivered 0.8 to 1.8 mg of fluoride, when non-fluoridated water was used, reports Cao et al. in Food Chemistry. 
“Among populations habitually consuming black tea, water fluoridation is not only unnecessary but also possibly harmful…The target organs of chronic fluoride intoxication are not only the teeth and skeleton, but also the liver, kidney, nervous and reproductive systems,” they write.





No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.


Three Indian commandos were out in the Iraqi desert. "I understand that you Indians have brought your own indigenous survival equipment" ventured their captain.

"Sir, I have brought an entire barrel cactus" said the Pima guy proudly. "When I get too hot, I just cut off the top and take a drink." The captain looked impressed.

Not to be outdone, the Pueblo guy said " Sir, I have brought the sacred corn pollen. When I get too hot, I pray with it, and then it rains". The captain looked even more impressed.

Not to be outdone the Pawnee guy said "I brought a car door off a 1959 Chevy Impala". "Why would you do that?" the captain asked.


"Well," said the Pawnee guy "when I get too hot, I just roll down the window".







The White House has recently proposed a new rule for oversight of marine fisheries. The new rule would gut the protections that the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) has long provided ocean ecosystems and the seabirds and other wildlife that depend on them. Under the new rule, the ability of the public to have input into the future of our oceans would be severely limited and oversight of marine fisheries would be largely given over to regional fishery management councils — the equivalent of having the fox guard the hen house.


The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) requires government agencies to analyze the likely environmental effects of their actions and to seek public input into their decisions. The proposed rule would exempt certain categories of fisheries from environmental review altogether and weaken the requirements for environmental reviews of fisheries across the board. The proposed new rule would also severely limit the ability of the public to give input into any decisions made.


NEPA's review process has successfully protected ocean ecosystems in the past. By mandating that impacts to birds and other ocean wildlife be considered when fishing regulations are made, NEPA can help birds and other wildlife while creating a more sustainable ocean system. Nineteen of the twenty-two species of albatross are already threatened with extinction due to long-line fishing techniques that accidentally catch and drown the birds. On the East Coast of the United States, the rufa Red Knot is threatened by over fishing of its main food source, horseshoe crabs. It is vital for our seabirds that we do not weaken environmental oversight of the fishing industry.







Desecration of Hawaiian Gravesite


A state historic preservation agency recommends that $210,000 in fines be
levied against an archaeological firm and others for tampering with human
remains at the construction site of the Ke'eaumoku Street Wal-Mart complex.

Among the infractions cited in an agency report were "writing on a child's skull with indelible red ink, taping a child's teeth to an index card, using duct tape and modeling clay to hold remains together, and writing the words 'Handbag Louis Vuitton' on a paper sack that contained a human hand."

The recommendation is part of a report filed by the State Historic Preservation Division to the Board of Land and Natural Resources, and comes on the heels of an investigation by state attorneys. The board will consider the recommendation at its Nov. 18 meeting.

Besides unauthorized examination and tampering of the iwi, or bones, the report also accuses Aki Sinoto Consulting, the archaeological firm, and others of failing to notify the proper authorities about the inadvertent find of human remains in a timely fashion, moving human remains without permission and failing to examine human skeletal remains in a respectful manner.





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