Manataka American Indian
Council Volume XIl Issue 12 DECEMBER 2008
Open the doors and let 'em in! The
upcoming Gatherings will have no restrictions on attendance - members and
nonmembers alike may join in the prayerful ceremonies. Current members,
former members and guests are
required to request an invitation. Manataka will
continue to not advertise or promote Gatherings to the public.
The December issue features
Chapter 11 - The Persistence of an Idea
13 Part series on the founding of the United States of
America and the previously misunderstood and often discounted, yet tremendous
contributions of American Indians in the process.
Native America and the Evolution of
By Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr. and Dr. Bruce E. Johansen
Original Artwork by John Kahionhes Fadden
Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.
Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.
Chapter 1 - Vox Americana
Chapter 2 - Perceptions of America's Native
Chapter 3 -
Natural Man In An Unnatural Land
Chapter 4 -
Chapter 5 -
In The Wilderness
Chapter 6 - White Roots Reach Out
Chapter 7 - Mohawks, Axes and Taxes
Chapter 8 - A
Chapter 9 - American Synthesis
Chatper 10 - Kindling
a New Grand Council Fire
Persistence of an Idea
THE HAWK SPEAKS
By Hawk With Seven
Do You Follow Instructions?
Following instructions is part of growing from infancy to
manhood. From the very first time you are able to understand things being said
by your parents all the way up till the day you cross that great river to the
spirit world you are continually receiving instructions.
Beginning at a very early age we are taught things like,
“Don’t touch that, it’s hot! “Look both ways before crossing the street; or, “If
you eat green apples you will get sick.
we are constantly being told what to do. Most of the time these instructions are
for our own good. As we grow toward manhood and leave home, find a job, and make
new friends we learn why we have been taught certain guidelines. When teaching
someone proper ways to do things is it not better to take one step at a time?
Say you were attempting to cross a stream filled with alligators, would it not
be safer to use stepping-stones taking small steps to get to the other side
rather then to take one long step and take the chance of missing and ending up
as ‘Gator Bait?
Season of Gift Giving
By Robert Gray Hawk Coke
This is the season when people start to make list for
gifts to other people and family members. Personally, I have mixed
emotions about all of this gift giving. We have collectively let this
Sacred Ceremony almost go completely commercial. The commercial way
makes it much easier to give gifts. We can just throw money at the ideas
and forget about what it all means. This is not the spirit of the giving
Let me give you an example. I heard a conversation that
went something along the line of,” I do not have time to go shopping for
my wife. I will just buy her a Rolex watch, with jewels on it. She will
be happy with that.” Sounds like it’s not important to him to put any
thoughts into being creative. He thinks an expensive gift will make her
happy. I have heard others make similar statements, “There are no
problems that can not be solved by throwing enough money at the
problem.” Sometimes they are correct. But, is that what this season is
all about? I think not!
© 1999-2003 by Maria Hubert. All rights
of the Amer-Indian peoples have been Christianized for several hundred years.
Over this time customs which were introduced to them by the missionaries have
become adapted and are an integral part of the traditions, especially around the
Christian festivals of Easter and Christmas.
Tribes, including the Laguna Indians, who accepted Christianity some 400 years
ago, have the custom of a dance on Christmas Eve, where gifts are offered at the
Manger. There are many examples of representations of the Christmas Crib where
the glad tidings are brought to braves in the fields by the great Thunderbird;
or scenes with the wise men being replaced by the chiefs representing the great
No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.
A Native Christmas Tradition
It was supposed to be a happy time,
but it wasn't. Chief Red Shirt was really cross. It was Christmas Eve and
nothing was going right. Mrs. Red Shirt burned all the Christmas fry bread.
The Little People were complaining about not getting paid for the overtime they
had put in while making toys and the reindeer had been drinking all afternoon
and were dead drunk. To make matters worse, they had taken the sleigh out for a
spin earlier in the day and crashed it into a tree, breaking off one of the
Chief Red Shirt was beside himself
with anger. "I can't believe it! I've got to deliver millions of presents all
over the world in just a few hours from now and all my reindeer are drunk, my
Little People are on strike, and I don't even have a Christmas tree! I sent that
stupid little angel out hours ago to find a tree and he isn't even back yet!
What am I going to do??"
Just then the little angel opened
the front door and stepped in from the snowy night, dragging a Christmas tree.
He says "Yo, Chief Red Shirt, where do ya want me to stick the Christmas tree
And thus, the tradition of Angels
perched on top of the Christmas trees came to pass.......
A Great NEW Gift IDEA for the Holidays
THE SOAP THAT GROWS ON TREESTM
"The white man does not obey the Great Spirit; this is why the Indians never
could agree with him." --Flying Hawk, Oglala Lakota
The Great Spirit runs the world and the people by a set of natural laws and
principles. He says we are to live our lives and make decisions that will be in
harmony with these laws. He says we should be respectful to all things and to
all people. He says we should pray for each other. He says we should forgive
one another. It is easy to tell if a person is following the ways of the
Great Spirit. You can tell by how a man walks in life. He doesn't need to say
anything. If we are dishonest or deceitful, other people will know. This
is true because we are all interconnected in the Unseen World.
let me obey Your ways.
Let me Walk the Talk.
By Don Coyhis
Blessed Path of
Kateri Tekakwitha was a young Mohawk
woman who lived in the 17th century. The story of her conversion to
Christianity, her courage in the face of suffering and her extraordinary
holiness is an inspiration to all Christians.
Follow us as we share with you the
life of Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, who soon will become the first Native
American Saint in the United States of America. Many private miracles
have already centered around Blessed Kateri, known as the Lily of the
Mohawks and the holy grounds at the National Shrine of Blessed
Tekakwitha located in Fonda, New York. The Shrine was founded in honor
of Kateri, for it was here that she was baptized on Easter Sunday April
5, 1676, and lived her teenage years.
American Indian Cold Christmas Cake Recipe
1 pound pecans or walnuts, chopped
1 pound shredded moist coconut
1 pound raisins
1 pound vanilla wafers
1 regular can sweetened condensed milk
Combine dry ingredients well. Pour in sweetened condensed
and work through with hands so that dry ingredients are
thoroughly saturated. Press into spring foam pan.
Refrigerate for 2 days. My Cherokee ancestors used
hazelnuts, dates and thick goats milk, then wrapped the
cake in watertight leaves bound with vine and placed in
cold running stream for several days. This is delicious
Thanks to: Ruby M. Harper
This recipe from CDKitchen for American
Indian Cold Christmas Cake serves 10
of the Hawk Elder
Gordon, edited by Harvey Arden
is dedicated to my People, the Seneca Nation, to our
kindred Peoples of the Haudenoshaunee, or Six
Nations Iroquois Confederacy, to all the Indian
Nations of Great Turtle Island, and to all other
Indigenous Peoples around this Mother Earth. I send
it out like an arrow of love from my heart to YOUR
If other folks want
to read it too, why, that’s fine by me. Might be you
even learn something! This book is FULL of secrets
for those who understand'm! But always remember, the
BIGGEST secret is Creation itself!
THIS IS MY VOICE. These are my words. My good friend
Harvey [Arden] has helped me sort and arrange them,
like he’s done for lots of good people over the
years, even back when he worked at National
Geographic. He fixes my spelling and spruces up my
grammar here and there, though I tell him, not too
much, Harvey! I want folks to know who I am and how
I really talk and what I’m really like. Don’t make
me some saintly old lady come down from Heaven on a
moonbeam spoutin’ high-flown words.
Me, I’m just me,
Grandma Edna Gordon, Hawk Clan Elder of the Seneca
Nation, Six Nations Iroquois. I just turned 85, and
am tryin’ my darndest to be a good person. Sometimes
I succeed, but don’t stay around me when I get mad!
I’m a raging hawk.
holy. But what they do can be holy. Living a holy
life, that’s what life’s for. Helping others,
fighting injustice, standing up for the People—those
are holy things to do. But always be sure to
remember, it ain’t you yourself who’s holy. People
are just people. If God’d wanted’m to be holy, he’d
have given’m wings and set’m up on a cloud somewhere
playin’ a big gold harp.
9780975443712, Paperback. Publisher: Have You
Thought Price: $21.95
on the book of your choice
'Twas the Night Before
By Tara Prindle
'Twas the night before Niibaa-anamaíegiizhigad,
through the wiigiwaam
Not an awakaan was stirring, not even a waawaabiganoojiinh;
The moccasins were hung by the smoke hole with care,
In hopes that Miigiwe Miskwaa Gichi Inini soon would be
The abinoojiinhyag were nestled all snug in their nibaaganan,
While visions of ziinzibaakwad danced in their nishttigwaan;
And nimaama in her moshwens, and I in my makadewindibe,
Had just settled down for a long biiboon zhiibaangwashi,
When outside the wiigiwaam there arose such a clatter,
I sprang from the nibaagan to see what was the matter.
Away to the waasechigan I flew like inaabiwin,
Tore open the shutters and threw up the gibiigaíiganiigin.
and ceremony work. Creator heals and brings peace.
Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury,
(George Whitewolf's first wife),
Brain tumor, lung tumor, not looking too good.
Thank you for any prayers you can generate for her.
Bear Mountain are
praying for her.
Thanks again for prayers.
Helen RedWing. 12-09-08
Debi Pulido -
pain but she doing pretty good. She could not afford blood
thinner medicine so she is wearing hose and taking aspirin.
Pray for this good lady. ~Bear 11-30-08
- my stepmother - I just
learned tonight that she fell and broke her right
arm/shoulder in four places - needed surgery to replace and
pin the ball/shaft. Long recovery and some painful rehab is
expected. She is currently hospitalized with very limited
mobility, much pain. Much prayer needed for her full
recovery and her lifted spirits. My stepmother is a very
practical, hardworking woman of deep faith who is always
taking care of others - now she needs care and
Summer Moon 11-24-08
Pastor Frank Sayford - my father - will have surgery
to have a pacemaker/
defibrillator put in December for an enlarged heart, to
manage atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia, also
with medication. He is in good spirits but has been in and
out of the hospital in recent months. Prayers are requested
for his recovery and health.
Summer Moon 11-24-08
loving and healing prayer request for
a friend to all, a humble and tireless woman dedicated to
the Red Road. She is a Sun Moon Dance Chief of many years.
She is always doing for others and is a fine example of
community leadership. Please encircle her with loving and
healing words to amplify healing power.
~Carol Perez Petersen 11-23-08
Gary Cromwell, Spokane, WA
in critical condition. We do not know what the Lord will
do, but I am praying for a miracle for God. Please keep us
in your prayers. Ella Cromwell. ~Helen RedWing
Linda & Joe Conners, Scottsdale, AZ
This wonderful couple worked
for many years.
it is time that they need your prayers. Please give them your
love and prayers. ~A little bird 11-11--08
Osceola Waters, Darwin, Australia.
Valiantly fighting cancer. Osceloa is of Muskogee American Indian
descent. He is a great artist and walks in beauty with his
tireless efforts to benefit the Henbury School in the Northwest
All of Manataka is praying for this
wonderful man. We are doing healing work and ask for your prayers.
He has fish and a cat that he loves to play with--he is a very
gentle and loving boy
lift him up on high
so that God can reach into his body and heal this
Our Father is very loving to each of his children--bless you--we
love this little boy--
Jimmy Springett 09-02-08
Did you submit a prayer request above? If
so, please send us an update.
We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing
if more prayers are needed.
E. Donald Two-Rivers,
Ojibwa Indian. Native American author from Canada founded
Two-Rivers left Canada at 16 and
Chicago's then rough-and-tumble Uptown neighborhood,
took up writing while behind bars for robbery. He went on to win
a national award for short stories, start a Native American
theater group, write plays, a newspaper column and poems that he
read in dramatic fashion at poetry slams in Chicago and across
the country. Mr. Two-Rivers, given name was Edmund D.
Broeffle, died of complications from lung cancer Sunday, Dec.
28, at his home in Green Bay, said his daughter Vanessa Broeffle.
He left Chicago for Green Bay in 2002. Mr. Two-Rivers' poetry
and short stories covered the gamut of his life experiences as a
Native American activist, inmate, machinist and family man.
He ridiculed American Indian stereotypes in works like "I'm not
Tonto," but was also deeply immersed in his culture. His mother
was a medicine woman and he performed for a time with the
Blackhawk Native American Dance Troupe. Among his collections
was "Pow wows, Fat Cats and Other Indian Tales."
Red Wing Helen Vinson 01-08-09
my brother in law passed 5:00 PM December7th, 2008, He
has left behind his wife, my sister, Ella.
He was the
stepfather of her children for many years. Services
will be in Leavenworth WA. Red Wing Helen Vinson
Foreman, 72, Redding, CA
Redding Rancheria's first tribal
chairman and a
pioneer in north state American Indian health clinics, died
Wednesday after a long illness. He was 72.
An Achumawi Pit
River Indian, Foreman was remembered Thursday by friends and
family as a tireless advocate for Indian rights, skilled
communicator and loyal patriarch. He was born June 12, 1936,
in Lake County.
A veteran of the
U.S. Navy, he worked in construction as did his father, said
daughter Carla Maslin of Redding. In the late 1960s, he
began his campaign to get Indians health care in the north
state. His efforts paid off in 1971, with the opening of the
federally financed Shasta-Trinity-Siskiyou Rural Indian
Health Center in Anderson. "Bobby was a real devoted guy to
his tribe," said Everett Freeman, tribal chairman of the
Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians near Corning. "He almost
single-handedly got Indian health to where it is today."
Larry McClanahan, a Navajo Indian who moved to Cottonwood
from Arizona in 1972, said Foreman was one of the first
people he met in the north state. He and his family were
glad to receive clinic services. "He took me as I
was," McClanahan recalled. "He was a man that was concerned
for people." Rod Lindsay, a Shasta Lake city councilman who
works with the Office of Indian Education for the Anderson
Union High School District, also met Foreman through the
clinic. Lindsay said Foreman was a mentor for many, sharing
his knowledge of culture and history with the young.
Foreman also was instrumental in organizing the Redding
Rancheria Indian Health Clinic on Churn Creek Road and
served as director, later retiring as self-governance
coordinator for the rancheria, Maslin said. In 1985,
when the rancheria regained its tribal status, Foreman was
elected as its first chairman and subsequently served on the
tribal council. But in 2004, he and all his family
members were disenrolled after a bitter dispute over his
mother's maternal lineage. The struggle took a toll on
his health, Maslin said. Foreman suffered from heart and
kidney problems, she said. Leah Harper, a family friend of
more than 20 years who does native medicine work in Redding,
said she wanted to stand out in front of the Churn Creek
clinic with a "thank you" banner in Foreman's honor. "I
believe that Bob had the heart of the native people and he
wanted to make a difference for them," she said. "Bob was
loving and the children are loving and they work very hard."
In addition to Maslin, Foreman is survived by three
daughters and three sons, as well as 15 grandchildren and 14
great-grandchildren. Funeral services are pending. For her
part, Maslin is grateful her father last year was able to do
something he'd always wanted - to see the Grand Canyon. "He
actually got emotional just looking at it," she said. "He
was in awe of its beauty and couldn't believe the world had
such a beautiful place."
Ray Fadden -
November 14, left this world to
begin his journey along the stars back to the Creator's land, a place of
living light where we will be embraced by those who have gone on before. His
leaving means we will no longer have his counsel. His voice has been taken
from us, we must make it through this life without his wisdom or his words
of encouragement. He was, without doubt, one of the great human beings of
our history, a true onkwehonwe who fulfilled his duties with honour.
Tehanetorens adhered to the ancient Mohawk teaching which instructs us to
leave our camp, our home, this life better than when we found it. At
the 214th anniversary of the Treaty of Canandaigua the Haudenosaunee
gathered at the treaty site and renewed this contract and reminded ourselves
of how the actions of our ancestors have a profound effect on our lives
whether or not we elect to acknowledge this. I was asked to speak before the
assembly and strayed from the speech I had in mind to talk about
Tehanetorens and how he took our history, which had been suppressed for many
generations, and made it relevant. He gave our culture and traditions
power. He showed us we need not walk in shame and that a single, committed
man can forge a nation without becoming a politician. Tehanetorens was
of the Adirondacks in body and spirit. He left his Onchiota home to secure a
teaching degree in Fredonia, NY then took a job at Tuscarora. There he
met the wonderful leader Clinton Rickard, a person who taught him about the
greatness of our past. He came to Akwesasne at a time when our heritage was
in peril. We had a language and a special way of cultivating the lands and
waters among us but we did not have a longhouse as the traditional beliefs
were effectively banned if not by statute then by those who were afraid of
practices they deemed pagan. Tehanetorens was part of that very small
group which shook us awake when he helped build a longhouse and, after
relearning the ceremonies, began to openly celebrate what had once been
driven underground. As he recalled, the first ceremonies attracted
only a few Akwesasnorens - one man sang and two danced. Remember this
the next time Midwinter comes about and the longhouse is crowded almost to
the rafters. He did much more than this. He was the best teacher we have
ever had in any of our schools. Besides the standard subjects he brought
something else to the classroom, the power of pride. His students were
not beaten into silence, belittled into shame or ruthlessly purged of their
dignity. They looked backwards and began to uncover the amazing truth as to
who they were as Mohawks. Being Mohawk was good, a simple phrase at
odds with the texts and standard teachings of the day. From his classes at
the Mohawk School came those amazing charts showing the Native contributions
to the world, the majestic oratory of our past leaders, the genius of our
politics. His students learned about Cannesatego's call for the union of the
colonies. They discovered that democracy was invented were and not in class
restricted Europe. They found out that our ancestors were scientists,
engineers, astronomers. He formed the Akwesasne Counsellor's
Organization and took his students to every site of historical importance in
eastern North America. From Cherokee, North Carolina to the Atlantic shores
the Mohawk boys and girls took strength from what they saw and in turn
encouraged other Natives to cast off the shackles of propaganda and rise as
nations. Without Tehanetorens there would not have been a White Roots of
Peace, an Akwesasne Notes, CKON Radio, Indian Time, Freedom School or
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs. There would be no land claims, the
Mohawk Council of Akwesasne would still be the St. Regis Band Council.
Akwesasne as a place of power would not be, we would be calling
ourselves the "St. Regis Indians". The new scholarship across America
which is finally seeing us as were were, and are, would not have taken root
had not Tehanetorens given those self serving academics a good kick in their
intellectual rear ends. He inspired students from everywhere. And when
his time as a teacher ended at Akwesasne he did not fade into the background
but created a haven in Onchiota when he opened the Six Nations Museum over
50 years ago. That place is our mecca where we go to be renewed.
For those of us who heard Tehanetorens' words the power of what he said
cannot be forgotten or ignored. He was passionate, angry at times and
had the absolute right to call things as they were. Tehanetorens
deserves honours beyond counting yet he would never accept
tribute while he was with us. I am at a loss as to the right way to
pay him the homage he merits. But I will state this: he was the best
human being I ever met. 11-18-08 Doug George-Kanentiio
Wanda L. Candler, (TN)
74, Stopped her battle with kidney failure and pancreatic
cancer on Oct. 25th 2008. She spent the last 13 years longing to be free of
all the earthly illnesses and fly with my Father. Her prayers were answered
and we miss her but take great comfort in knowing she suffers no more.
Sandra Babblingbrook Reynolds, 11-11-08
David Booker, Memphis, TN Member of the Memphis Native American
(Albuquerque, NM) 83, Author of lyrical, authentic and
compelling mystery novels set among the Navajos of the Southwest blazed
innovative trails in the American detective story, died at Presbyterian
Hospital in Albuquerque from pulmonary failure report.
In Memory of Bill Prezwoznik
was one of the four founders
of Manataka. His
wisdom and love guided
Manataka through its infancy
and his words and unselfish
deeds are often recalled.
In Memory of
Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who
dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping. He loved
and cared for his family, friends and all creation.
In Memory of Granny Messenger
She had over
a 1,000 grandchildren but never
bore a child. Her memory will live with us
forever. Veronica Messenger was a great woman. Anonymous Contributor
In Memory of
Webster’s definition of a Martyr: 1: A person who voluntarily
suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.
2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for
the sake of principle. Lance, we are all better because you walked this
world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels
world. Thank You. The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.
In Memory of Ruby Gilliham
always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts. She will
remain a part of Manataka forever. (picture:
Members of the Kootenai-Salish Tribe
assist with her funeral. Greg Gilliham, Little
ELDER COUNCIL MEETING
Elders met on Sunday, November 16. All Elders were present.
Chairman David Quite Wind Furr led the invocation and blessing ceremony.
Council - Becky Flaming Owl Moore, chair. The WC will sponsor a
Women's Healing Retreat in May on the southeast slope property.
(Native American Grave Preservation and Repatriation Act) - Blue Star Speaks,
chair. Working on issues surrounding a burial site in Little Rock.
Communications - Lee
Standing Bear reported the Australian Gathering is progressing under the
leadership of Lynn Smith-Guy. No site or date has been announced --
possibly in May somewhere on the east coast in indigenous territory of
Australia. Bear announced that products ordered via the Internet by
members are sold at-cost plus shipping. Overtures by the Venezuelan
tribes to form a Manataka connection is slowed by communication issues.
Relations - Linda VanBibber,
chair. An article intended for insertion in the Smoke Signal News (and
previously printed in the Free Press) was passed out and discussed.
Bear asked that the article not be published at this time until other issues
related to the subject are worked out.
Property Purchase -
Draft layout drawings of the land was sent to Elders for comment.
Elders had a lengthy discussion about clean up and development plans.
Bear requested that a Letter of Intent - Understanding be developed for
discussion. A work crew cleared a good portion this weekend.
Gray Hawk Coke passed out a survey
form with five questions asking Elders to complete the form and bring to the
next meeting for discussion.
The meeting closed with prayer led by David Quiet Wind Furr
Details of the Elder Council meeting were presented to the general membership
following the meeting.
FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!
people are hungry often throughout the year. Please bring
or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and
other stores are great.
NOTICE 2: REGULAR MEMBERSHIP
1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge. In
case of inclement weather (rain, sleet, snow, below 40 degrees) we meet
Ryan's Restaurant located at 4538 Central Avenue across from Hot Springs
Gatherings are normally held on the 3rd weekend of June (closest to the Summer
Solstice) and the 3rd weekend of October (closest to the Winter Solstice).
The date of the Spring Encampment varies from year to year.
NOTICE 3: WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS -
11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month. Contact:
PAID YOUR DUES?
Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC.
We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy,
secure and fast!
Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902
MATERIAL DONATIONS NEEDED BY
1. 30 gallon plastic storage boxes
LAND - Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build
a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.
MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and
send a tax deductible contribution to MAIC and we will send the family
a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.
Memorial ceremonies are given several times a year on the sacred mountain.
YOU TO EVERYONE WHO DONATED
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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476
Lee Standing Bear Moore
Jennifer Attaway, Alabama
Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett,
Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk, Texas
Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire
Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham
Crystal Harvey, Arkansas
Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois
John James, Missouri
Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming
Julie Maltagliati, Florida
Carol Perez Petersen, California
Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee
RedWing and Gray Beard Vinson,
Osceola Birdman Waters, Australia
Waynonaha Two Worlds, New York
Linda VanBibber, Missouri
Liora Leah Zack, California
August Issue Contributors:
Blue Panther Keeper of Stories
David Cornsilk, Oklahoma
Andrea Crambit, California
Romaine Garcia, Colorado
Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr.
Valerie Eagle Heart
Dr. Bruce E. Johansen
Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico
Dr. Joseph Mercola
Organic Consumers Association
Elvina Jean Paulson
Corina Roberts, California
Union of Concerned Scientists
Qwina H. and Irma West, Piaute
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