Manataka American Indian
Council Volume XIII Issue 03 March 2009
SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS
Page 2 of 3 Pages
LEGENDS OF OLD:
Power of the Plant
By, Gerardo Atkinson,
Honorary Elder of the Arawak
five hundred years ago, a primitive yet perhaps a sophisticated culture was
rendered dormant following the arrival of the Spaniards to the shores of
Wayana-Kah (South America).
Before declining into its dormant state however,
three very important aspects of this culture were blended into the culture of
today’s Creole society. The name of which the Arawaks identify themselves.
‘Wai-Ko-Locono” meaning, “We the People” illustrates a form of democracy that
existed among these primitive people that guaranteed them perpetual freedom.
According to the oral history of the Arawak
people, it was this kind of freedom that motivated the Spanish colonists years
later, to rebel against the Crown of Spain.
Hence, it may be said with conviction, that the
form of democracy that rules the world today, is an aspect of the Culture of the
Long before Columbus appeared on the scene, the
Arawaks and their brothers had evolved from a fruit and nut collecting people,
to an agricultural and commercial people. At the time of his arrival, Columbus
and his sailors were treated with great hospitality. They ate and drank to
satisfaction Arawak agricultural products.
Today, many of these products not only decorate
the table of Creole society, but also form a vital source of economy throughout
Latin America and other parts of the world.
Another important aspect of the culture of the
Red Race is the medical science, which hails from indigenous knowledge of the
plants. Plants which are found only in the jungles of the South form the
solution to many malignant diseases that plague Mother Earth and her
To justify this belief, let us take a look at
one of their legends.
The Legend of the Hiaro-Shimara
Eons and eons ago, there lived in
the jungle a lonely warrior whose name was Hashiro which means Giant
Otter. Hashiro’s everyday life was occupied with farming, fishing
and hunting. As his days went by, the hazards of living alone made
him bored and restless, so on his hunting and fishing trips, he
wandered farther and farther away from his hut.
One day, however, when he returned
from one such trip, he found his hut all tidied up, his meal that
consisted of freshly baked Kassavah and a well-known yucca beverage,
Pai wari was all prepared. Hashiro thought passers-by must have
done this good turn for him. The next day, he again went fishing
and when he returned, he once more found his hut was in neat order,
his meal was cooked and Piwai was expertly brewed and sitting on the
The following letter
was sent to the Cherokee Phoenix
newspaper and the Cherokee National Council on March 03, 2007 in
response to the Travis Snell article published in the Cherokee
Cherokee tribes flourish,” (Jan.
07, 2007) and the Robert
Conley book: The Cherokee Nation – A History.
This article is a timely and
important comment on the most recent developments of the Cherokee
Nation of Oklahoma and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians campaign
to disenfranchise members of over 200 Cherokee organizations across
the country. Read "Who is Cherokee?:
Will the REAL Cherokees Please Stand Up?
Indian according to the B.I.A.
By Paul Thomas Vickers,
Author of Chiefs of Nations
O’siyo to my Friends of the Cherokee Nation of
I take this occasion to both state my concern’s
regarding your recent article in the Jan. issue, and hopefully provide enough
light to illuminate an understanding concerning this current issue.
This whole problem is due to the accumulated
knowledge that is and will continue to be ingrained and relished in the minds
of the federally recognized Cherokee people. The false history that has been
circulating not only projects a view that has and will continue to propagate
ideology’s such as what was written by Mr. Snell: as demonstrated in this
thesis, it undermines the Cherokee Nations sovereignty, defames and demoralizes
the most sacred people of the Cherokee – Keetoowah people; it also discriminates
against people in Arkansas and Southern Missouri that are truly of Cherokee
blood. This recurrent attitude, if the history is portrayed accurately, is
A Reprint by
THE 2010 CENSUS IS IMPORTANT TO ALL AMERICAN INDIANS
Should I Identify
as Native American in the 2010 Census?
It is absolutely critical that all
“non-enrolled” Native Americans, and those people that can
prove lineal descent from a Native American ancestor,
self-identify as “Native American in Combination with One or
More Races” when completing their 2010 Census
questionnaires! Get the message out – pass this along to
your family members and other Indian friends.
Results of the 2000 Census
first time ever, the 2000 Census measured “Native Americans
in Combination with One or More Races,” That number totaled
4,119,301. The number of Americans that reported themselves
“Native Alone” was 2,475,956 (these are considered
predominantly enrolled members of a federally recognized
tribe. The difference between these two numbers equals
is significant because this 1,643,345 represents the number
of persons that self-identified as “mixed-blood”
It must be
pointed out that the 2000 Census was “flawed” - in that it
did not provide a method to distinguish what percentage of
the 1,643,345 were enrolled members of a federally
recognized Indian tribe that chose to identify using this
category only. However, it is generally accepted that the
vast majority of these (perhaps exceeding 90%) are
“non-enrolled” members of a federally recognized Indian
Many of them
are likely to be direct lineal descendents of an “enrolled”
member that do not qualify under tribal membership policies
that impose a “Content of Degree of Indian Blood” (CDIB)
requirement, yet they feel strongly tied to their Indian
ancestral heritage. (Example: The great-grandchildren of a
‘full-blood’ Indian will not meet a 25% CDIB).
Census will correct this flaw to obtain accurate measures.
This is due to the importance these numbers have related to
funding formulas directly linked to the federally recognized
Reasons for Self-Identifying
as Mixed Blood Indian in 2010
several reasons why “non-enrolled” Native Americans, and
those people that can prove lineal descent from a Native
American ancestor, should self-identify as Mixed Blood
The 2010 Census can accurately
enumerate the number of mixed blood Indians in
America that still feel strongly linked to their
Native American ancestry.
It can be used as an indicator
that identifies “unmet need” for the Native American
population that is “not served” or “underserved.”
How will this benefit Mixed
Blood Indians in the United States?
is the single most important event in America that drives
all Federal “Formula” and “Need-Based” funding decisions
for the next 10-year period. Mixed bloods must not
miss this opportunity to document the need! Various
American Indian organizations will use these Census 2010
figures over the next 10 years to apply for charitable
services and grant programs to meet the needs of
non-enrolled Mixed blood Indians. While most federal dollars
are earmarked only for use by ‘federally recognized’ tribes
– there remains millions of dollars that are “set-aside” to
serve Native American Indians that live off reservations.
These funding opportunities are made available to
“organizations that serve Native Americans.”
IT ALL BEGINS WITH THE
Housing, housing assistance, and homeless programs.
Education and education assistance projects.
assistance and employment assistance programs.
Scholarly cultural and heritage research about the Metis
and wellness, substance abuse, and social justice
entrepreneurship, and business financing loans.
SOUNDS OF MANATAKA
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR...
Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to
publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a
topic you feel needs to be addressed.
The Web of Life
In a hoop, no one can be in isolation,
everyone exists in community. All of life, when left to itself, exists in
communities. Birds, plants, insects, Standing Ones, animals, humans, stones,
fish - all created beings exist in communities. Really, nothing that I can think
of exists alone. If it does, it dies.
Planets exist as part of a group. Our solar system - we all orbit the sun. We
travel in circles, seasons and time are cyclical. Things have hard angles when
they are cut off, or meant for cutting. Communities have curves.
Everything was designed to exist with everything else. Each living thing has its
place - it was created that way. To take one thing and put it where it doesn't
belong, is to disrupt the natural order of things. I think I understand a little
now of some Hopi teachings about this, maybe not much - but why we must not
disrupt the way Creation was designed to work together.
Everything that exists, everything that lives, is part of the Web of Life. Even
if we think we are completely alone - we are part of the Earth Mother, part of
the solar system, the stars, the universe. To think that we are alone, is to
have disordered thinking. It is to accept someone else's reality and internalize
it ... and all sorts of bad things follow. We cannot be alone in the Web of
Life, because it is all around us. We are PART of the Web of Life - the Universe
itself is that Web, and the Creator spins it.
To learn the Creator's rules of community, I am told to look at the way
community grows together, naturally. Follow the natural order of things, the way
Creator designed everything to be - and the Web of Life flourishes and
everything knows its place. Go against that natural order, and problems happen.
Disordered thinking happens. Illusions take over.
Seeing all of this, understanding these connections - was like being told from
many directions that I am loved and cared for, that I exist within this hoop, I
am part of this Web, and that I am never alone. I had to pull over to write
these things down.
I have to get back to work now. But I wanted to 'get this down' before I forgot
all the connections. I know I left some things out, but some things are also in
my paper journal. I just hope I don't have to learn this again the hard way.
~ Kim Summermoon
Cherokee Stands Up
I was reading your page
tonight on how the CNO has disenfranchised many. It is
part of their history to do so. We get ignored because
we are not in "just" one state, but cover the
southeastern USA. It is difficult some days to consider
that our own relatives deny us. But our ancestors are
on rolls. They and we have Cherokee blood. We
understand the frustration you speak of. May it be
resolved well for you. Dohi,
Anidohi, public relations
Searching for Old Cahuilla Friend
A number of (actually
quite many) years ago I met a lovely, wonderful Cahuilla
silversmith and jewelry designer ( I think in Sun Valley, LA
area) who went only by the the name of Cahuilla Margaret. We
sat on the curb outside of her store and watched a small town
parade mostly of horses which I learned to appreciate even more
because of her knowledge of them. To this day I treasure the
amazing earrings she later made for me and would love to know
where she is and if she is still creating jewelry and if her son
is now also making jewelry as I think she told me that he was
learning at that time. If you can provide any info or tell me
how to contact Margaret I would truly appreciate it. I still
think of her as a person I enjoyed meeting and would again love
to have in my life. Many thanks,
I was deeply saddened
to learn how the park rangers keep you from going to Manataka,
but happy to hear that you go anyway! The federal government
owns all national parks and they are all on sacred lands! This
is the first time I have heard of Manataka and it is a beautiful
sad story, but hopefully a light has come into the world to
change things around!
On 2/14/09 at 7:25am, the Daughter of
God was born and this time and date is very important as it is
the beginning of the Age of Aquarius (the Golden Age) which
coincides with your Awakening/Ascension.
Please continue to go as I know it
helps us all!
I would like
to bring your attention on a certain reality that we
"Helpers" are facing out here in Eastern Canada.
There is a big fraud when some persons say that
"Helpers" should not ask for money when doctoring
someone. Maybe because these persons were not
taught certain facts by "Medicine" people. So here are
You offer a
tobacco bundle in order to ask the Helper's assistance.
If he/she accepts the bundle, you would receive their
offer something in exchange for the help.
According to my uncle, Gabriel Du Sault, who taught me
"The Medicine Way" for 10 years, some would give us game
meat, hides, pelts, not only whatever they could give,
but also proportioned to the service rendered. My uncle
Gabriel is not the only one who told me that, William
B…, Ken L…, Ray P… also told me the same thing. Further
more, I had to pay to get some of the teachings.
before the European settlers arrived, things were not
the same. To build a house, you would ask your family’s
help (manpower) and then give tobacco to some trees and
that was it. You were hungry? You would go hunting and
trap and go fishing and cultivate the Three Sisters
(corn, beans and squash). Try to go hunting around
Montreal or build yourself a house in the Adirondacks
see what will happen. So nowadays money is received for
the help. Being a Helper is not a part time job, it is a
state of being so I have never refused anyone for their
lack of money but I have refused a lot of people because
of their arrogance. There is a big discrepancy in the
person’s “we don’t have to pay Helpers”
rhetoric because in Healing Lodges, such as the Kahnawake
Shakotiia'takehnhas Community Services, the Helpers are
paid by the Band Council and so was I when I was
shakotisnien:nens (One who helps the Healing) for
Waseskun (Healing Lodge for incarcerated Aboriginal
men). So now all of a sudden because I receive people in
my home, where my wife and daughter are sleeping,
eating, living, and ask to be paid after I’ve spent 4
consecutive days doctoring someone from 9:30 a.m. to 8
p.m., I become a renegade?
It is the
Welfare mentality that we are fighting against, the
“rez” mentality, in other words,
behavioral pattern known as victim that makes
some of us sit on our donkey and complain just about
Those of us who do this will disempower everybody else
by projecting our failure, or lack of will to cope with
reality onto those who have found the courage and the
energy to live a happy life.
another reality. If you do “Medicine” in order to get
rich, you have fallen into the “paper people tribe’s
trap” and there are a lot of apples (me, Indian, do
sacred ceremony but pay up) doing unscrupulous things in
order to get money. You either have faith or fear. If
you have fear, you think there is not enough for
everybody so you do Bull Schlitz….If you have faith, you
just know the Maker of all Things is taking care of you,
so you take what you need, what you don’t, you leave.
some people are liars and pretend to be someone or
something they are not. You have a physician
(M.D., G.P.) who will call himself Doctor even though he
never completed a PhD thesis and who basically just
sells drugs which he hopes will not make the person get
any worse (considering the adverse effects of each
drug). You also have those who are Old Indians but no
Elders. They will talk somebody else’s walk and they
will answer when asked to expand on the Teaching:
“That’s the way …”
But it is
all good, for people who got taken for a ride created
that for themselves because that’s what they needed, and
have asked the Maker of all Things one way (consciously)
or another (unconsciously). Otherwise, they would not
have had that experience, and since the Maker of all
Things does not judge, neither should we.
In Peace and
Iieweras Pagé, One who helps the Healing
A Great NEW Gift IDEA for the Holidays
THE SOAP THAT GROWS ON TREESTM
Alert of the Month:
Stop NAIS - Protect Your Right to
Farm and to Eat Local Food
The USDA has proposed a rule to require
all farms and ranches where animals are
raised to be registered in a federal
database under the National Animal
Identification System (NAIS) for
existing disease control programs. The
draft rule covers programs for cattle,
sheep, goats, and swine. It also sets
the stage for the entire NAIS program to
be mandated for everyone, including
anyone who owns even one livestock
animal, for example, a single chicken or
It is critical that the USDA and
Congress hear from the hundreds of
thousands of people who will be
adversely affected by the NAIS program.
This includes not only animal owners,
but also consumers who care about local
and sustainable foods, taxpayers who
object to wasteful government programs,
and advocates for a safer food system.
Consumer Demand of the Month:
Good Jobs, Green Jobs
The U.S. system of petroleum-based,
biotech, and chemical-intensive
agriculture produces an enormous amount
of relatively inexpensive food. Of
course, that's ignoring the huge hidden
costs to taxpayers and damage to public
health, the environment, and climate
stability (not to mention the routine
exploitation of farmers and laborers).
Our leaders in Washington are currently
looking at making some major policy
changes, so there's no better time to
let our elected public officials to
create jobs in the food and farming
sector that help, rather than undermine
public health; that conserve and
rejuvenate the environment; and that
guarantee workers living wages, safe
working conditions, and the right to
carbon-sequestering organic agriculture
is the only system with the potential to
turn back global warming, create
millions of green jobs, and produce
healthy, affordable food.
Consumer Victory of the Month:
Yoplait Goes rBGH Free!
Yoplait, a leading brand of yoghurt, and
the 19th largest dairy producer in the
U.S., has announced, that as of August
2009, it will no longer purchase milk
from dairies injecting their cows with
Monsanto's controversial genetically
engineered synthetic hormone,
recombinant Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH).
Yoplait's rejection of rBGH-tainted milk
comes in the wake of a consumer campaign
organized by the Oregon Physicians for
Social Responsibility, the OCA, and
dozens of allied public interest
organizations. Yoplait's action is
amplified by a growing number of
mainstream companies who have recently
turned their backs on rBGH, including
Starbucks, Caribou, Cabot cheese, and
Subway. For over ten years, OCA and our
allies have led the charge against rBGH
and other genetically engineered foods
and food ingredients. Although rBGH is
not allowed on organic farms and is
banned in most of the industrialized
world because of its threats to both
animal and human health, this cruel and
dangerous drug is still injected into
approximately 10% of U.S. dairy cows--to
force them to produce more milk. With
your help, OCA and its allies will
continue our campaign until Monsanto's
rBGH is driven completely off the
2008 Organic & Green
of the Month"
Join Wendell Berry & Take a Stand
Against Coal at the Nation's Capitol On
March 2, 2009
Join Wendell Berry, poet laureate and
intellectual leader of the organic
movement, and thousands of others in a
multi-generational act of civil
disobedience at the Capitol Power Plant,
the utility that powers Congress with
dirty energy and symbolizes a past that
threatens our future. Let's use this as
a rallying cry for a clean energy
economy that will protect the health of
our families, our climate, and our
Brought to you by
ORGANIC BYTES, from
Organic Consumers Assoc.
"To me, if
you're Indian, you're Indian. You don't have to put on your buckskin, beads, and
feathers, and stuff like that." --Cecilia Mitchell, Mohawk
The most important
thing that determines who we are is on our insides, not our outsides. If we are
Indian inside, that's all that matters. Being Indian means to think right, to be
spiritual and to pray. Feathers and beads don't make us Indian. Being Indian
means to have a good heart and a good mind.
today, let me think Indian.
Mothers and Babies
100's of native herbal remedies!
Cure the Cause
Don't just treat the symptoms
100% Natural - Organic - No Side Effects
Manufactured under strict guidelines
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Herbal control solutions and natural remedies for what ails you.
Medicine for the People
I learned about Solomon's Seal early
on; identifying it (along with Cleavers) from Lesley
Bremness's Herbs Eyewitness Handbook as I was
sitting with friends after a woodland wedding in
Hastings. A few months later I read about it in Matthew
Wood's Book of Herbal Wisdom, and that fall I
harvested some roots to make tincture. Not much later
that Autumn a woman I knew slipped and fell, wrenching
her knee quite badly while I was over at her place. I
went out into the woods behind their house, dug some
roots up, simmered them for a bit in oil and had her use
that topically. She went to the doctor the next day,
and was referred to an orthopedic specialist the next
day, who said it was quite a bad injury and would likely
require surgery. A day after that I dropped off some of
the tincture I had made, and then next time she went in
to the orthopedist (a couple weeks later), she was told
that she had healed phenomenally well and there would be
no need for the surgery after all.
So that was my first experience using
it, and since then I've just kept racking up more and
more cases typically exhibiting marked and even drastic
recoveries. I don't think there's a single other plant
I use that so reliably produces such story-worthy
results, and as there is far too little information
clearly elaborating on Solomon's Seal's remarkable
virtues, I figured I should help remedy that...
Fluoride-Induced Spots on Teeth Harm Kids’
Self-Esteem, says Dental Journal
– April 14, 2008 -- Fluoride exposure is rising and causing
children’s tooth imperfections, ranging from white spots to brownish
discolorations and pitting (fluorosis), dentist Elivir Dincer
reports in the New York State Dental Journal.
changes in the tooth’s appearance can affect the child’s self-esteem
which makes early prevention that much more critical,” writes Dincer.
aged 2 to 7 years, can swallow about one-quarter milligram of
fluoride with every brushing because their swallowing reflexes are
not fully developed, reports Dincer.
from the age of 6-months to 3-years should not have more than
one-quarter milligram of fluoride per day. Brushing the teeth of a
2-year-old twice a day will expose the child to about one-half
milligram, exceeding the allowable [daily] limits” [from toothpaste
alone], writes Dincer.
Intentionally swallowing the toothpaste which is likely, given the
pleasant flavor of children’s toothpaste, increases children’s
fluorosis risk, Dincer reports.
Fluoridated water, supplements, mouth rinses and/or foods add to
daily fluoride intake.
No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.
A Pine Ridge guy walked into the local welfare office to pick up his check.
He marched straight up to the counter and said, 'Hi. You know, I just HATE drawin' welfare. I'd really rather have a job.'
The social worker behind the counter said, 'Your timing is excellent. We just got a job opening from a very wealthy old man who wants a chauffeur
and bodyguard for his beautiful daughter. You'll have to drive around in his Mercedes, and he'll supply all of your clothes. Because of the long
hours, meals will be provided. You'll be expected to escort the daughter on her overseas holiday trips and you will have to satisfy her sexual
urges. You'll be provided a two-bedroom apartment above the garage. The salary is $200,000 a year.'
The guy, wide-eyed, said, ' You're kiddin' me! '
The social worker said, ' Yeah, well ...... you started it.'
RIGHTS... AND WRONGS
Oppose the USDA's Mandatory Property
and Animal Surveillance Program
By Mary Zanoni, Ph.D.
(Cornell), J.D. (yale), Executive Director of Farm for Life
several years, the USDA has been working with the largest-scale
animal industry organizations (for example, the National Pork
Producers, Monsanto Company, and Cargill Meat) to develop a
mandatory "National Animal Identification System" ("NAIS").
However, most small-scale livestock producers, people who raise
animals for their own food, and people who keep horses or livestock
as companion animals, do not know about the USDA's plans.
The NAIS will drive small producers out of the market, will make
people abandon raising animals for their own food, will invade
Americans' personal privacy to a degree never before tolerated, will
violate the religious freedom of Americans whose beliefs make it
impossible for them to comply, and will erase the last vestiges of
animal welfare from the production of animal foods.
The Problem: On April 25, 2005, the USDA released "Draft Program
Standards" ("St.") and a "Draft Strategic Plan" ("Plan") concerning
the NAI8. If you think the description below sounds too bizarre to
be true, please go to
and read the Standards and Plan,
and check the citations.
In January 1, 2008, the NAIS became mandatory. (Plan, pp. 2, 10,
17.) Every person who owns even one horse, cow, pig, chicken, sheep,
pigeon, or virtually any livestock animal, will be forced to
register their home, including owner's name, address, and telephone
number, and be keyed to Global Positioning System coordinates for
satellite monitoring, in a giant federal database under a 7 -digit
"premises 10 number." (St., pp. 3-4, 10-12; Plan, p. 5.) Every
animal will have to be assigned a 15-digit 10 number, also to be
kept in a giant federal database.
The form of 10 will most likely be a tag or microchip containing a
Radio Frequency Identification Device, designed to be read from a
distance. (Plan, p. 10; St., pp. 6, 12, 20, 27-28.) The plan may
also include collecting the DNA of every animal and/or a retinal
scan of every animal. (Plan, p.13.)
The owner will be required to report: the birth date of an animal,
the application of every animal's 10 tag, every time an animal
leaves or enters the property, every time an animal loses a tag,
every time a tag is replaced, the slaughter or death of an animal,
or if any animal is missing. Such events must be reported within 24
hours. (St., pp. 12-13, 17-21.)
Third parties, such as veterinarians or county assessors, will be
required to report "sightings" of animals. (St., p. 25.) In other
words, if you call a vet to your property to treat your horse, cow,
or any other animal, and the vet finds any animal without the
mandatory 15digit computer-readable 10, the vet may be required to
If you do not comply, the USDA will exercise "enforcement" against
you. (St., p. 7;
See an amazing film
about Austrailia's Aboriginal peoples.
Traditional Whale Dreamers http://www.whaledreamers.com
is not Resisting, Resistance are based on profound manifestos
Ways Dictates Dineh Resistance
Whitesinger Continues to Defy Bureau of Indian Affairs and Police
By Bahe Y. Katenay, Sheep
Dog Nation Rocks
Water Stronghold, Big Mountain. March 1, 2009 - Dineh elder resister of
the traditional lands of Sweet Water is bundled up for the chilly winds
as she takes some hay out to her sheep and goats. The herds need a
little extra feed before going out to graze. The non-Indian, volunteer
supporter is dressed warm and ready to follow the sheep as he chops some
wood for grandma, Pauline and while the herds nibble on the scattered
hay on the ground. Not many non-Indian volunteers do occasionally make
themselves available from their busy lives to come out for short stays
and help traditional, elder resisters. Very few traditional elder
residents are now left throughout such regions affected by the harsh
relocation laws of 1974.
When asked, "How is everything out here?" The well-outfitted supporter
says, "Just a lot of babies, and that is why I'm carrying this!" He
wears a large, hand-sewn canvas bag which he referred to is to be used
in case any of the sheep or goats have "babies." Soon the sheep and
goats are done feeding and they head towards the great pristine canyon
of Sweet Water, and the supporter suddenly quits all chit-chat, grabs
his stick and runs off toward a herd that is disappearing into the
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