Manataka American Indian Council                                                                                     Volume XIII  Issue 09 SEPTEMBER 2009




Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow





Page 1 of 3 Pages


September 7

Moon Phases:  4: F 11: 3Q 18: N 26: 1Q








Contents of Page 1              

Elders Meditation: Joseph Bruchac, Abenaki
Upcoming Events: Gatherings, Meetings, Conventions, Seminars
Feature Story 1:   Doctrine of Discovery Begins to Crumble

Feature Story 2:

The Shores Within - Chapter 5 - Honoring
Ecological Notes: Robert Redford's Letter to Manataka
Grandfather King Coke Speaks: Using Meditation to Control Emotions
Grandfather Seven Hawk Eyes Speaks: The End Of The World?
Mother Earth Watch: Genetically Engineered (GE) Food Crops
Tribal News: A Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009
Education: Teaching About American Indians: For Educators
Inspiration Thoughts:   The Blessing
Website Updates:   23 New Articles in AUGUST 2009

Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: First Contact with Europeans
Feature Story 3: Sovereignty Is an Asset

Letters to the Editor:

Fort Ancient, Cherokee, Ceremony Money
Organic Consumers: Meat Eating is 'Huge Contributor' to Climate Change
Elder's Meditations: Audrey Shenandoah, Onondaga
Plant Medicine: Native American Healer
Fluoride: Dog Food Contaminated!
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A The Thrill of the Kill: Captive Hunts
Sacred Sites: The Meadowcroft Rockshelter

Contents of Page 3

History: How The Powwow Began...

Grandmother L. Cota Nupah Makah Speaks:

Grandmother Magdala Rameriz:

Grandmother Selma:

The Standing  Nation and the Giveaway Bird

Colorado Dreamin'

The Old Ways......

Feature Story 4::

Venezuela:  Freedom: The First Fruit of Democracy

Elder's Meditations: Audrey Shenandoah, Onondaga
Women's Circle: Beloved Woman of the Cherokee - Nancy Ward
Food & Nutrition: Anasazi & Pinto Beans with Hominy & Green Chiles
Book Reviews: My Body, My Earth: Practice of Somatic Archaeology
Poetry Circle:

Water By Maxine Fulghum

Healing Prayer Basket: Many Need Your Prayers
Manataka  Business:  




"There are many people who could claim and learn from their Indian ancestry, but because of the fear their parents and grandparents knew, because of past and present prejudice against Indian people, that part of their heritage is clouded or denied."  --Joseph Bruchac, Abenaki


There were many injustices done to Native people. Sometimes I wonder; why am I connected to the past injustices done to Indian people? Why am I so angry about the past? The Elders say our ancestors are alive within each of us. Therefore, I may experience anger and resentment inside of me because of the injustice done to them. The way I get rid of these past feelings is to forgive. It may be necessary to even learn to forgive the unforgivable.


Great Spirit, teach me the path of forgiveness;

teach me the courage to forgive; teach me to let go.

Give to me a forgiving heart

By Don Coyhis





Gatherings, Meetings, Conventions, Seminars  






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2009 Summer Gathering - Thank you!



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Come Journey

 Down Under Matey!



Australian Manataka Gathering

Camp Bornhoffen

Numinbah Valley, S.E. Queensland, Australia




September 26 - 28, 2009


The inaugural MANATAKA Spring Equinox Gathering in Australia coincides with September School holidays in Australia allowing families to participate. Camp Bornhofen is an easily accessible, beautiful and well equipped facility that will provide an excellent opportunity for spiritual growth, relaxation, and fun for the entire family.


Come join us in ceremony and interactive events to promote peace and unity.  Limited to 120 participants








Doctrine of Discovery Begins to Crumble

Miller: Will others follow Episcopal Church’s lead?

By Robert J. Miller

Story Published: Aug 9, 2009, Indian Country Today


During its 76th General Convention in California, the Episcopal Church adopted a resolution entitled “Repudiate the Doctrine of Discovery.” In adopting this resolution, the church said the international law called the Doctrine of Discovery has created “destructive policies. ... that [led] to the colonizing dispossession of the lands of indigenous peoples and the disruption of their way of life.”

The church also called on the United States to review its “historical and contemporary policies that contribute to the continuing colonization of Indigenous Peoples” and for Queen Elizabeth II to “disavow, and repudiate publicly, the claimed validity of the Christian Doctrine of Discovery.”

Some people are hoping the Supreme Court will reverse Johnson v. M’Intosh. That is
highly unlikely.

I hope this call to action by the Episcopal Church will be adopted by other Christian churches and governments around the world.

The Doctrine of Discovery is a tenet of international law that was primarily developed by European monarchs and the Catholic Church in the 15th and 16th centuries. Starting with a papal bull issued by Pope Nicholas V in 1455, European Christians declared it was their divine right to own vacant lands around the world and to claim lands that were occupied by “pagans and enemies of Christ.” Europeans then began operating on a first-come, first-served basis and the race was on to “discover” new lands.

In 1493, Pope Alexander VI further defined Discovery when he issued three papal bulls and divided the world for Spanish and Portuguese claims over indigenous peoples and lands.





Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?

by Takatoka, Manataka Correspondent


Grandfather Watches Over Us

We believe American Indian spiritual beliefs and practice cannot be bartered or sold at any price.


It costs nothing to enter the Sacred Circle because it does not belong to anyone, it is a gift of the Creator.  There is no admission fee to a Purification Lodge because the messages, visions and teachings of the lodge are not owned by a human, but come directly from the Great Mystery.  There is no monetary price to pay for the honor of going on a Vision Quest because the Spirit of God is there.  When money and greed are present, the Spirit of the Creator is absent and thus there cannot be a Vision.  The spiritual connection has been broken.


Several years ago, this Manataka member wrote in the article False Shamans "...Our ceremonies, dances, songs and symbols are sacred.  They must be protected from theft, exploitation and desecration.  We should encourage all people to seek their own ways of spiritual expression, the ways of their ancestors, and not to use American Indian ways to find spirituality within themselves..." 









The Shores Within

By Boe Glasschild

& Laughing Dog Red Feather


Free Online Lessons on the Medicine Way

Eight lessons plus a glossary, bibliographic notes and more.


The Medicine Way has been exclusively an oral tradition for centuries. Now, Choctaw Spiritual Elder Boe Many Knives Glasschild, Bvshpo Lawa,  puts these teachings in writing for all to read and understand.   This is the fifth installment of ten monthly installments of the book entitled, "The Shores Within" covering the entire book from April to December 2009.  Each chapter contains links to a glossary of definitions to various Medicine Way terminology. 












Dear Members and Supporters of Manataka


Earlier last year, you and I helped the National Resources Defense Council win a huge victory for wilderness when a federal judge blocked the Bush Administration from handing over 110,000 acres of Utah's Redrock Wilderness to oil and gas companies.


But those stunning wildlands -- and so many others across the West -- are not yet protected. They are still vulnerable to exploitation and destruction by drilling, mining and development.

President Obama's Interior Secretary, Ken Salazar, has the power to change that -- by putting forth a new and bold vision for preserving America's wilderness.

Please call on Secretary Salazar to lead the way by protecting our natural heritage of wilderness lands.

Why does wilderness matter right now? It matters because I believe that our last public wilderness areas, with their rugged beauty, uncharted terrain and ability to test human strength, are essential symbols of the American spirit.

But it also matters because we lost so much ground during the Bush Administration.
For eight long years, the Bush White House sacrificed so many wilderness-quality lands to oil and gas drilling.

Once these wild landscapes have been altered by human development, they can never become protected wilderness areas. They are lost to us forever.

We are still feeling the aftershocks of Bush's short-sighted policies: leasing, drilling permits and off-road vehicle plans continue to be approved, destroying wilderness-quality lands in my home state of Utah and across the West.

Places I once viewed as symbols of America, the "Promised Land," have disappeared into clear-cuts, drilling fields and open-pit mines. Our children will inherit nothing from this irretrievable loss except for pictures of how it used to be.

We can do better. We must do better. Hopefully, Secretary Salazar will craft a new vision for preserving and managing the public's wilderness. He has spoken many times of his commitment to America's "treasured landscapes."

Please ask him to single out and prioritize our wilderness areas as quickly as possible.

You don't need to see Utah's Dark Canyon or Vermillion Cliffs to realize that previous generations of Americans had amazing foresight to preserve these natural treasures for those who would one day follow them here.

Now it's our turn. Please join me in asking Secretary Salazar to lead the way by expanding our wilderness heritage. Thank you.



Robert Redford
Natural Resources Defense Council





No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.



Indian and Genie

An Indian man has spent many days crossing Montana without water.

His horse dies of thirst. He's crawling through the grass, certain that he has breathed his last, when all of a sudden he sees an object sticking out of the ground several yards ahead of him.

He crawls to the object, pulls it out of the dirt, and discovers what looks be an old brief case. He opens it and out pops a genie....

But this is no ordinary genie. He is wearing a Bureau of Indian Affairs badge and dull grey suit. There's a calculator in his pocket. He has a pencil tucked behind one ear. "Well, kid," says the genie. "You know how it works. You have three wishes."

"I'm not falling for this." says the man. "I'm not going to trust a B.I.A. employee."

"What do you have to lose? You've got no transportation, and It looks like you're a goner anyway!"

The man thinks about this for a minute, and decides that the genie is right.

"OK, I wish I were on a lush reservation with plentiful food and drink."  ***POOF***

The man finds himself on the most beautiful rez he has ever seen, surrounded with jugs of Rum and platters of delicacies.

"OK, kid, what's your second wish."

"My second wish is that I were rich beyond my Chiefs wildest dreams."   ***POOF***

The man finds himself surrounded by treasure chests filled with rare gold coins and precious gems.

"OK, kid, you have just one more wish. Better make it a good one!"

"Ok, I wish I would be desired and loved by everyone?"   ***POOF***

He is changed into a crunchy chocolate bar.

The moral of the story?   If the B.I.A  offers you anything, for sure someone is going to have to deal  with some nuts.




Grandfather Grey Hawk Speaks



Using Meditation to Control Emotions

By Robert Gray Hawk Coke


How would you like to control depression, anger, anxiety, fear, lingering grief, procrastination?


All of these are very complex emotions, which often express themselves in other forms, such as  weight gain, sleeplessness, smoking, drinking, drugs, and general ill health.


Did you know that these emotional conditions can be controlled through proper meditation?  Habitual thoughts of hatred, anger and revenge are replaced with intentional thoughts of acceptance, cooperation, unconditional love and forgiveness. If your meditations have not included this work, or if you have been unsuccessful controlling these emotions, you may not  have been using the proper tools while in meditation. It is important to learn how to do this in a deliberate way.


Research tells us that we have one mind to observe, create, and overcome challenges. However, this mind has two basic parts: the Conscious Mind, which is 12% of the mind, processes current awareness and makes decisions. The Subconscious Mind, which is the remaining 88%, contains our memories, habits, beliefs, personality, and self image. It remembers every incident that it experiences. (This is called “conditioning.”) The subconscious mind is the storehouse of information, which includes ‘filters’ that strain our awareness. It, also, contains a set of “predefined” instructions that performs tasks, such as controlling body functions. For example, the subconscious mind controls the number of heartbeats, the blood flow, and makes needed adjustments. We do not consciously control many things.












The End Of The World?


I get so frustrated with people who are inclined to believe that the world is going to be destroyed. I have heard a lot of folks talking about prophesies concerning ‘The End Of This World; I was raised as a Christian and was taught that our Creator is a loving creator. Is it possible that our Creator is tired of man running the earth? There have been many prophecies relating to this subject. The Mayan Calendar, Nostradamus, as well as some modern ‘Gloom and Doom’ preachers starting back in the late 1880’s making the statement that this earth we live on will be destroyed in the year 2012 December 21, Why that date? Why not December 31st?


I have read the Bible and it clearly shows that our loving Creator made this place we call ‘Mother Earth’ to be inhabited and also that when our Creator says something, as recorded in the bible, his words do not return without results. Black Elk was a very knowledgeable man and when he spoke about the end of times, he was not saying that the earth would be destroyed but that there will be ‘A Big Change!










Genetically Engineered (GE) Food Crops


FDA announces administration's support for antibiotic restrictions
The Obama administration is prepared to combat antibiotic resistance by setting limits on the nontherapeutic use of medically valuable antibiotics in agriculture, according to Joshua Sharfstein, the deputy commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Antibiotics are added to the feed and water of animals that are not sick to promote growth and prevent diseases caused by overcrowded condition in CAFOs (confined animal feeding operations), a practice that leads to antibiotic resistance. Dr. Sharfstein announced the new FDA policy at a July congressional hearing on the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act (PAMTA) The administration is considering ending the use of clinically valuable antibiotics for growth promotion and feed efficiency and restricting over-the-counter use of antibiotics. The announcement, which stunned the animal agriculture industry, reverses decades of agency policy. UCS scientist Margaret Mellon also testified at the hearing.


"The evidence connecting the routine use of antibiotics in livestock with antibiotic-resistant illness in humans is clear and compelling. This policy is very welcome news." ~ Margaret Mellon, Food and Environment Program Director


E crops grown in a third of southeast wildlife refuges
Farmers are opting to grow genetically engineered (GE) crops on a third of national wildlife refuges in the southeastern United States, in spite of federal laws restricting the practice.


Canada, Europe resolve some GE trade issues
Some trade barriers limiting exports of GE crops from Canada to Europe have been lifted, following a World Trade Organization ruling that Europe's restriction on GE imports from 1984 to 2004 was illegal under a trade agreement. The European Union (EU) has approved all GE seeds that were under dispute and agreed to meet twice a year to discuss agricultural biotechnology and market access. Canada has agreed to drop the trade complaint that it lodged about GE exports six years ago. Though the situation is not fully resolved, the EU hopes to work out similar compromises with the United States and Argentina to further dissolve barriers to GE exports to Europe.


Experts agree: If done right, biofuels bring benefits
World experts from diverse fields assert that biofuels—fuels produced from biological material like plant biomass—can have climate benefits if they are produced under the right circumstances.


GE seed manufacturers stifle independent research
A leading scientific magazine has criticized Monsanto and other major producers of biotech crops for limiting scientists' work on GE varieties. The editors of Scientific American recently spoke out against the companies' user agreements that forbid anyone from using GE seeds for independent research. The user agreements prevent anyone from assessing the qualities of engineered seeds, determining whether they perform as advertised, comparing them with other varieties, or evaluating their possible impact on human health or the environment without permission from the company. In many cases the companies blocked the publication of studies that were unfavorable to GE crops after they had initially given permission for the studies to be done.





American Indian activist Leonard Peltier once again denied parole

By Associated Press, August 21, 2009  BISMARCK, N.D. (AP) - U.S. Attorney Drew Wrigley says imprisoned American Indian activist Leonard Peltier has been denied parole.  Wrigley said Friday the next scheduled hearing for Peltier is 2024, when Peltier would be 79 years old.  Peltier is serving two life sentences for the execution-style deaths of FBI agents Jack Coler and Ronald Williams during a June 26, 1975, standoff on South Dakota's Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. He was convicted in 1977. He has claimed the FBI framed him, which the agency denies, and unsuccessfully appealed his conviction numerous times. Peltier had a full parole hearing for the first time in 15 years last month at the Lewisburg, Pa., federal prison where he is being held. Defense attorney Eric Seitz declined to comment on the U.S. Parole Commission decision, saying the Justice Department had not informed him.



Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009
Last month, Senator Byron Dorgan (ND) and Representative Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin (SD) introduced the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009 (S. 797 and H.R. 1924.) As described in the Spring 2009 Indian Report, there is a public safety crisis in Indian Country. The Tribal Law and Order Act takes several positive steps toward establishing safety and security in Native American and Alaskan Native communities. The bill would create more effective communication among tribal, state, and federal authorities, and would address the need for tribal authorities to have more control over their own public safety concerns. FCNL will be working both to strengthen this legislation and to ensure its passage in the 111th Congress. Please urge your representative  and your senators to cosponsor the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2009. Reference: FCNL's Spring 2009 Indian Report  Amnesty International's report, Maze of Injustice    



Carcieri v. Salazar Supreme Court Decision
In 1991, the Narragansett Indian Tribe purchased a 31-acre parcel of land in Charlestown, R.I., to build affordable housing for the elderly. In 1998, the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) moved to take the land into federal trust, placing it largely under federal and tribal control. However, Rhode Island officials opposed the move, claiming that the DOI lacked the proper authority because the Narragansett tribe was not recognized until nearly 50 years after the 1934 Indian Reorganization Act took effect.   The Indian Reorganization Act allows the Secretary of Interior to put lands into trust for federally recognized tribes. The area of dispute arises with the definition of "Indian." The language states,

The term "Indian" as used in this Act shall include all persons of Indian descent who are members of any recognized Indian tribe now under Federal jurisdiction, and all persons who are descendants of such members who were, on June 1, 1934…

Rhode Island officials held that the word "now" in the phrase "now under Federal jurisdiction" meant "June 18, 1934" (the date the IRA was enacted) rather than "currently." According to this literal interpretation, all federal recognition of Native American tribes since 1934 is invalid.  The U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit both ruled in favor of the Narragansett Tribe. The Supreme Court however, ruled in favor of Rhode Island's interpretation of law.  The Supreme Court's decision has caused an outcry from Native American leaders. Both the House Natural Resources Committee and the Senate Indian Affairs Committee have held oversight hearings on the Supreme Court decision and have called for a legislative fix to the unfortunate ruling.  Source:



Racist Sports Mascots
Recently, FCNL and the General Commission on Religion and Race of the United Methodist Church teamed up to host a roundtable strategy session on sports mascots that are based on Native American themes or caricatures . Native American activist Suzan Shown Harjo led the group in a discussion concerning the movement to rid schools and community teams of racist images that are offensive to Native Americans.  Last week, the University of North Dakota's school board voted 8-0 to get rid of the "Fighting Sioux" mascot. The hard work of grassroots activists like Suzan has brought public awareness about the inherent racism of "Native American" based mascots and helped bring about these important changes.   There's still more work to be done, though; right here in Washington, DC, the Washington "Redskins" football team, owned by Fed Ex, is a large presence and has been resistant to change. What can you do? Write letters to the editor of your local publications, especially if you reside in a town or city that portrays these racist images.   Source:



Larry Echohawk Confirmed to Lead Bureau of Indian Affairs
The Senate recently confirmed Larry Echohawk to head the Bureau of Indian Affairs - a position that has been vacant for half of the last eight years. Echohawk served as Idaho's attorney general from 1991 to 1995, and was the first American Indian in U.S. history elected as a state attorney general. He is expected to face many challenges as he works to negotiate federal and tribal interests.  Source:





Attention Educators:





Teaching Resources for Educators

Here are resources if you've ever wanted classroom-teaching activities on American Indians beyond the Thanksgiving holiday or the history of American Indian Education or best teaching practices addressing American Indian learners. Resources include books, magazines, articles, bibliographies, maps, etc. Although often times there is overlap, these resources are organized in four categories:


Teaching About American Indians

Culturally Responsive Pedagogy for American Indian Learners

Researching American Indian Education

Other Resources







The Blessing 


Just as the soft rains fill the streams, pour into the rivers, and join together in the oceans,

so may the power of every moment of your goodness flow forth to awaken and heal all beings --

those here now, those gone before, those yet to come.

By the power of every moment of your goodness,

may your heart's wishes be soon fulfilled as completely shining as the bright full moon,

as magically as by a wish-fulfilling gem.

By the power of every moment of your goodness,

may all dangers be averted and all disease be gone.

May no obstacle come across your way. May you enjoy fulfillment and long life.

For all in whose heart dwells respect of, who follow the wisdom and compassion, of the Way,

may your life prosper in the four blessings of old age, beauty, happiness and strength.


Source: Holistic Living





Why shouldn’t animals be considered “property” under the law?   Animal Rights and Wrongs
The Five Fingered Ones    by Gary One Bull    Beautiful Words
Revisiting Anne Marie    Book Reviews
Depression, How Do You Deal With It?   by Daniel Hawk Hoffman   Elders Speak
The Big Initiation   by Magdala   Elders Speak
The Weaver of Dreams    by L. Cota Nupah Makah   Elders Speak
In the Beginning    by Gram Selma   Elders Speak
The Black Hills Are Everything! by David Swallow   Elders Speak
Oil and Indians Don't Mix   Environment
Controversial Indian Symbols on U.S. State Flags   Feature Story
The Shores Within - Chapter 4 by Boe Glasshild   Feature Story
Meet Bear's Grandkids   Feature Story
Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?   Feature Story
Australian Manataka Spiritual Gathering   Feature Story
Change Your Perception and the Good Life Will Follow   Health Watch
Fluoride - dangerously high levels found in pet food   Health Watch
Antioxidants - What Are They?   Herbal Medicine
Coyote Herds Sheep For A White Man   Legends
2009 Manataka Gathering Thank You   Membership
Dwelling on Sacred Ground   Sacred Sites
Advocacy and change in federal Indian law   Tribes and Nations
Spiritual Empowerment of Women   Women's Council
Five Course American Indian Dinner    Women's Council


American Indian Art  Good!   Native RemediesFurniture
American Indian Flags - Southern Ute   New American Indian FLAGSdar Furniture
Colorful Coffee Table Books   Manataka Ozark Cedar Furnitureniture
Book Reviews - Top NDN Books   Beds   Bedroom OutdooruDiningniture -
  Flute Book, CD and Flutes
First Nations Films   Red Hawk Crafts
Forefathers Band - Manataka CD   Speak Cherokee Today!
History Books   Spiritual Path Books
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