Manataka American Indian Council                                                                      Volume XIII Issue 10  OCTOBER 2009





Page 2 of 3 Pages






Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old:

Children of the Wind

Feature Story 3: Native Against Native Racism

Letters to the Editor:

Sounding Off In A Good Way
Organic Consumers: Swine Flu and Vaccine Nation
Elder's Meditations: Frank Fools Crow, Lakota
Plant Medicine: Herbal Properties and Actions
Fluoride: Tap Water vs. Bottled Water: Differences Explained
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A Advocates Fight Nevada Wild Horse Roundup
Sacred Sites: Keeping Burial Sites Sacred




Manataka T-Shirts! 

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Children of the Wind

A Story of the Comanche
By David Yeagley (quin-ne Kash-su-it)


Comanche people didn’t come out of the earth, like the other people. We were born from the wind.  We were simple, without masks, and we rode the Wind, in wild, fearless freedom, and in the joy of savage innocence. 


They say we are from the Shoshoni people, from the North Country, and the Snake River. They say we separated from them, and stayed in the mountains, while everyone else moved farther down and on to the endless prairies. 


We stayed in the Rocky Mountains, the southern parts, for many generations. Everyone forgot about us. In time, most people did know we even existed. We lived a long time there, in the mountains, by ourselves. We had no concern about other people, or whether they knew about us.   We were happy among ourselves. That was enough.


We had nothing that anyone else was interested in. We had no clothes, no religion, and no shining thing. We were naked of culture.  Our secret time in the mountains stripped us of anything superfluous. We shed all that was unnecessary.   We understood the truth about our life. Only our will, our hands, and the wind gave us life.  It was a pure, simple life. We had no need of other people.   










Native Against Native Racism

by Alfred Walking Bull


When I first heard the term, "lateral racism" I was astounded that such a condition had a name and, sadly, that it existed long enough to earn that name. It's still a relatively new concept. When I searched for the term, one hit came up for the Tribal College Journal of American Indian Higher Education in an article written by Ron Selden. In the article, Anishinaabe activist and writer, Winona LaDuke said, "We cannot struggle against the oppressor, so we struggle against each other ... "


I heard it in high school, taking a tribal government class from one of my favorite teachers, Mr. Martin. He put it simply, "You see me. I'm brown ... just another 'dirty Indian' to you and you ignore anything I have to say! You look at some of the white teachers around here and you sit up and listen! That, is lateral racism.'"


While I'd always had a degree of respect for the toiling Mr. Martin, just by virtue of his being a teacher, it increased tenfold after that statement. He hit the issue at the time right on the nose. The other students in the class were freshmen and sophomore mostly who took the class because it was, in their words, "an easy class." After all, who knows more about tribal government and, indeed, tribal people than us?

But when that figurative hammer struck my mind, shattering that curiosity of why I didn't respond to Native teachers, I realized that we don't know as much as we think we do. How many of us have looked at someone on our reservation or colony or housing complex and thought ill of them? Admittedly, when the election season rolled around my brother, who is a former police officer from both Pine Ridge and Rosebud, said to me, "Indian's ain't never going to vote for a Black man! They will look at the Clintons or McCain and think they'll protect them because they're white!"


That simple statement illustrated two main points of lateral racism to me. The first being that my brother, who saw a lot of the bad things both reservations can yield, be it domestic violence, drug abuse or murder, had developed his own prejudice against our people. The second point being that even though the source of that statement is suspect, it holds some water. We've been programmed from the beginnings of our relations with the United States to respond to the authority (backed up with the gun, no doubt) of its white leaders.


On my own reservation, there is an historic case of lateral racism.










Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.


Anne Marie's Story

Hi Manataka,

I was pleased to see your review and plan to link to it on my website as it communicates just what I would like people to know about the book.

After attending two heritage events this summer, a Powwow in Maine (held in July), and a Mi'kmaq-Acadian Return to the Homeland Festival in La Have, Nova Scotia (held in August), I'm feeling closer than ever to my ancestor, Anne Marie.  Her story has been well-received by her descendants and history enthusiasts and has even inspired one Cajun music artist to compose a song dedicated to her, La Valse du Anne Marie, sung in French, the language of Acadia and the Cajun people, which the artist has performed in Nova Scotia and Louisiana, bringing everyone who hears it nearly to tears.   I believe that Anne Marie's story was meant to be shared this way -- why her story surfaced at this particular time, we are left to question.  After seeing the positive feelings it generates for people of our heritage, and the timeliness of its celebration of our diversity, I think that perhaps Anne Marie was involved in the timing as well -- as it was her story, and the truth of our heritage, as peoples of North America, that found its way into the light after being hidden in the darkness for so many generations.

Public libraries and individual readers in Canada, the United States (and France!) have purchased the book -- and I continue to receive wonderful remarks from those who experience the story, pictures, maps and history described in its pages.  As I send the notice of this book to others, I shall definitely reference your nice write up - and look forward to the feedback your posting of this announcement generates.

Please reply with any questions and you have my highest regards!

Marie Rundquist


$$$ Sacred Ceremonies For A Price $$$

Dear Manataka:


Last night, I listened to Enya's "Memory of Trees" and spent some time swooping around Manataka's forests.  There was one tree in particular that attracted me - I don't know evergreen/pine species, I just know what it looks like.  I also saw something unfold elsewhere, but - oh well. It was fuzzy .... think that was accidental.   Anyway ... I won't linger on this much at the moment, because I can't think on it too much yet. 

The concept of "energy exchange" - especially regarding money ..... ugh!!!!   Here is how "energy exchange" is used in the healing community also - it is still a "load of crap" -- (at least it was) -  That was always a sticking point with me - in my early Reiki days, teachers would use that as a way of arm-twisting students on why they had to pay high fees to learn healing, or receiving healing, or participate in workshops. I don't know if this still goes on or not.   Teachers thought I was crazy because I offered all of my work - I mean ALL of my work - for free. Some mistrusted me also .... but many thanked me because they were sick, disabled, or otherwise could not afford the outrageous fees being charged. Others took advantage of me, yes.  Some students had been told that they could not 'learn' Reiki or be attuned because they were sick - but somehow they could be charged for healing sessions by those same teachers .... the students came to me instead. The lies being told in the healing community for money were many.  I walked away from many things that I wanted to do because I couldn't afford them - and I never 'bought' the "energy exchange" concept. 

I also felt that it was a "load of crap"  - still do. If I had to do it all again - I'd do it the same way, or if a student insisted, I'd let them give a donation, but not necessarily money.  Another way is to request that a donation to be given to a favorite organization - such as Manataka or Aid for Friends. (This is something my father and I both do when someone insists on giving us money for something we've done to help them - we give the donation to a favorite organization instead.)

Back then, I accepted nothing for anything, even when they kept asking. I had such issues with money, because everything was a business.  For me - it was spiritual work - a free gift of Spirit - that I had freely received, and I was not about to charge for something that was not mine. I was there to help others and to serve Creator - not to charge for something that I did not create. I thought about this for a long time.


Eventually, this was one of many reasons why I left ...... and every time I think about going back, I remember that ...... my path is my own now.  I'm better off on my own  -- doing things "my way" -- when/where/how Creator wants me, in freedom, not working by man's rules.   ~ Kim Summer Moon Wilson


Story of Manataka Touches

Hello Editor:,
My name is Carolyn Ketchie, and I just read the story of Manataka.  My heart bleeds for all Native Americans, and I sobbed while reading the "true" story.  I don't even have the words to express my feelings right now, yet, I felt compelled to say how deeply moved and touched I say thank you for explaining in such a beautiful and forgiving way, the atrocities that have been and still are being inflicted upon you all.  I will pray for the day that this beautiful and Spiritual Valley that I have never even seen, will be once again returned to you.  May God/Spirit be with you all.  Love and Peace,  Carolyn Ketchie


Thankful for Wisdom

Dear Manataka,


I want to say thank you for your kindness in sharing your wisdom with me.  I have been slowly making my way through much of the wisdom that you have shared.  In just the little time I have had this gift, it has helped me to heal a great deal of personal pains that I have carried with me from my years spent as a soldier.  The passage of peace has helped me most; within my heart and within my family.  Thank you.  Your friend,  Sgt. Shane L. Nelson


Native Crafters Out of Business?

Hello Manataka!


This is about a new law that will destroy and or  drive the Native and none Native Crafters and venders out of business.  We need your help! we're spending a LOT of time fighting Congress over the CPSIA law [Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act]  spent all evening writing a letter that will be read aloud in the House Economic Committee next week. There's a link on the front page of our website that explains the law. Here's an out-take from the letter:

Dear Chairmen Waxman and Rush - and Ranking Members Barton and Radanovich:

We applaud Congress for addressing the threat to children posed by unsafe products. However, the unintentional consequences of the CPSIA must be addressed by Congress. The law (as written) threatens to destroy our business and the livelihood of ourselves and others in our  community. It also threatens to devastate Native American culture across the United States, and our children will be no safer.
We produce traditional Native American clothing & powwow regalia, which we sell at powwows & on our internet website to customers  throughout the United States & Canada. Powwows are the primary social event attended by Indians & native descendants  everywhere, and children are an integral part of these events. They are taught by example our traditional values of abstinence from alcohol and drugs, respect for themselves & others, & care for the earth. Even at-risk kids overcome their circumstances with the encouragement  and  guidance they receive from community members at traditional events. Our growing culture is our anti-drug.
Parents often lack the time & energy to make their children's regalia. People in the community have always made moccasins, silver-work,  feather dance bustles & fans, & beadwork for others.  That community has now extended across the internet. Being a micro-manufacturer producing a wide variety of one-of-a-kind items, the very nature & cost of testing makes compliance with the current law impossible. We can't afford to test every deerskin, feather, hank of beads, bolt of fabric, bag of jingle cones & moccasin sole. We buy our supplies from U.S. distributors, manufacturers, and retail stores. Lead is not even present in most or all of the materials we use in regalia. There has to be a reasonable way to insure safety for our children. We simply can't use destructive acid-based testing on a hand-beaded buckskin dress or a feather dance fan at any cost.
During the last six months of this economic crisis, most of our regalia sales have been for children under the age of 13 who have outgrown their dance clothes. Because of our intent to comply with the law, we no longer produce most of the outfits that we did previously, and have had to turn many orders away. Our income for February dropped to nearly ZERO, when sales in January were over $2000, even in this bad economy. That's not a lot of money in your world, but its economic survival in rural Oklahoma.

Like many skilled & educated workers today, prolonged unemployment after 9/11 forced us from our middle-class existence into poverty. We  moved to a poor tribal community under the looming threat of homelessness, & started our business to avoid bankruptcy. We serve as an example of hard work & determination to our community, proof that an education can help anyone start a business with almost nothing. But this law is pushing us beyond our capability to pay bills, let alone growing our business. Our contract labor employees depend on our business income for much of their income. One partially-disabled seamstress who sews children's clothes for us has finished over half of her service hours for a Habitat for Humanity house, but needs our income to qualify. I've invested 18 months into developing patterns & production standards for children's outfits, and planned to put some unemployed seamstresses to work part-time. Now that investment in developing our children's lines may be worthless, and it's doubtful that I can expand operations to employ more people. We may not even survive the loss of children's business in a prolonged economic downturn, which will force us into bankruptcy and out of work.
We MUST be able to rely upon testing certifications from our raw materials suppliers. I was able to research & download certifications for metal components from one of my suppliers last week.  Why can't we all do that? A pair of tiny socks does not need the same labeling & tracking information that a commercial aircraft altimeter requires. If the raw materials manufactured and/or sold in this country were required to have an MSDS-type certification, a certification sheet could be downloaded from a website or faxed from distributor. Most small businesses and micro-manufacturers can comply with the intent of the law that way, even if they have to visit a public library to use the computer. That will prevent dangerous materials from getting into the hands of our children, but won't put thousands of small businesses out of operation and increase dependence on government resources.
One more point I must make;  Twelve year old children are not chewing on the tires of their bikes, the batteries in their four-wheelers, and science equipment in chemistry / biology class. Electrical outlets pose a much bigger threat to small children than something belonging to an older child.  Please consider lowering the age limit; the 12 & under age limit is simply too high. Many of us from lower-income areas are already working for family farms and businesses by the age of 12.  Sincerely,  James & Janet Littlecrow,  Red Rock, Oklahoma


You are the heart of unconditional love

Dear Manataka:


From the laughter of children at play to the golden rays of the sun beaming through the sky at sunset, the eternal song of love permeates all creation.  Each beat of our heart pulses to this rhythm in a majestic and graceful dance connecting us to everyone and everything. Life is magnificent when we quiet our outer selves and become fully present and aware of our own loving essence.


To know this grander love is to go beyond the sensation of a first kiss or a mother’s tender touch in time of need.  Although these extraordinary expressions reveal the existence of love, there is so much more.  This universal love is unconditional and its very presence ignites our passion and our compassion.  It breathes life into our being and sustains us.  It encourages and illuminates the infinite possibilities while simultaneously providing all that we require to be alive.


It is our heart center that gently nudges us to know and express love in all that we are.  However this does not always come easily.  Through eons of time, the conditioning by our mind to seek logic and reasoning in our daily affairs has left little trust in the wisdom of the heart. Learning to once again cultivate our intuition, be intimate with our own unique understanding of love, and to feel this love deeply, takes both courage and strength.

Unconditional love is our consistent source of nurturing, inspiration and potential.  Interestingly, we often seek the beauty of nature for its extraordinary ability to be in constant change while ever expressing its interconnected uniqueness. This is what captivates and also reminds us of our own innate capacity to do the same.  Nature has the ability to cycle, recycle, adapt, reclaim and reinvent itself over and over by simply fulfilling its distinctive purpose with love for all.


When we allow unconditional love to be our personal guiding intention, our energy flows in the same manner.  We stay present in the moment and share our love without reservation or hesitation.  We change, evolve, expand and express our creativity in new ways ensuring that it benefits the whole.  In this way, life itself evolves through each of us. 


You are the heart of unconditional love. What you choose, we all experience. ~Harold W. Becker, President and Founder, The Love Foundation


Thank you Grandfather Hawk Hoffman

Hello Mr. Seven Hawk Eyes Hoffman,


For a long time I have had the same convictions as you.  If the Creator is as we know all unconditional love to all, I guess we think right.  We should not forget the Bible is a book with the message, but the Christin church and the Jewish Synagogues modeled it to fit their politics that are full of fear.  Humans should meditate and pray to God, so deep inside us that we will learn that domination and power that drags the lambs with fear and oppression is wrong. As you know, times must change to give back to humans their proper conscience and right to believe in the God Father as love and goodness.  We must be conscientiously responsible that we may love and respect all beings around the world.  Thank you Grandfather Hawk for raising this issue without fear.  Thank you Grandfather and may God bless you.  Greetings from Spain -- I am Hermano Pedro




Al Sears, MD
11903 Southern Blvd., Ste. 208
Royal Palm Beach, FL 33411


Manataka Readers,


Talk about putting the fox in charge of the hen house…

President Obama recently selected Michael Taylor, former chief lobbyist for Monsanto, as the new “food safety czar” at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Think about that: The former lawyer and lobbyist for the company that manufactured Agent Orange will now make decisions about our nation’s food supply.

Taylor is the man most responsible for getting recombinant bovine growth hormone (rbGH) approved for use in dairy cows. That’s the stuff that fattens the cows to dangerously obese sizes, getting them ready for slaughter faster (By the way – Monsanto produces the growth hormone).

And the food safety concerns don’t stop there. The push for producing food faster extends to the produce you eat, too.

Genetically-modified seeds and hormones are now staples in the food you eat. You drink it in your milk, eat it in your cheese and yogurt, and ingest it each time you eat commercially-raised, grain-fed beef.

Since these seeds hit the market in 1996, we’ve seen:

  • Children reach puberty at earlier ages

  • A dramatic rise in asthma, autism, obesity and diabetes

  • A jump in food allergies, especially among children

  • Allergy-related emergency room visits double from 1997-2002

Your health is too vital to leave it in the hands of corporate lobbyists and their political cronies. It doesn’t have to be this way. Take charge of your own food choices.

Here’s how to do it:

  • Don't be fooled by beef labeled “organic”. The organic label only means that the cattle do not have obvious levels of antibiotics or hormones in their body at the time of slaughter. It does not mean that ranchers have never given cattle these treatments.

  • Get serious about eating grass-fed beef. There are many farmers who have pledged to raise their cows purely on the natural foods they are supposed to eat – grass, not grains. Visit and for a list of grass-fed farms in the U.S. and Canada.

  • Become a locovore. There is a movement in place to eat and buy locally from farmer’s co-ops within a 100-mile radius of where you live. Visit your local farmer’s market and ask questions about how they grow their crops. Threats to small family farmers and co-ops may come from heavy-handed regulations by the food safety czar, so get the good stuff while it lasts.

To Your Good Health,

Al Sears, MD


Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett



Get on the ball! 

Sign me!


Give it up and just TRUST

By Debi Red Hawk Pulido

Winter of 2008


Because of my severely broken leg and the year it took to walk again and having to push myself to function day to day through a depression from all that I lost.


My life was one big bundle of nervous stress. I couldn't sleep at night thinking about the pending loss of my home, the many bills and how to keep food in the house.


In one sense I knew that Creator would take care of all, if I would just keep my trust in his hands. Yet constantly, I would take it back to live my life with my fears as my guide.  My depression and worry grew to a point that it was hard to even want to try to get through another day.


My home sold and that was even a numb blessing that I couldn't see, Creator made it so I would leave without the debt of my mortgage following me.


We had a couple of weeks to find a new home and the pickings were very slim. Sure we could have moved to the dark part of the city but we came from there a few years back and we are not ready to go back and live our lives in the middle of drug wars and crime.


My fear led me to a place where I was ready to settle for anything out of town, we saw places that needed much repair and many hours of yard work. I was ready to say ok and just accept what I thought was to be, yet that voice was always nagging inside of me to TRUST!


Ah, in his infinite wisdom knowing the control freak that I am, he led me down a stony path until I was ready to put it in his hands and out of exhaustion just leave it.


Many weights came off my shoulders as I finally said I can't do it anymore, you lead the way. I began to sleep again. I did my part and every day packed and stacked the boxes up so when it was time I was ready.


Each Saturday I drove to all the little towns within 60 miles of us and got their papers and began my calls. My husband was now the nervous Nellie and I was just waiting for the arrow to point the way. I told him not to worry that it was going to be fine, Creator knows where we are going.


Three days before the papers were signed on our house we went to a town about 30 miles away to look at a house.


Wow it seemed kind of big, 4 bedrooms for 2 people, big airy living room, kitchen with a skylight, dining room with a fireplace, 2 bathrooms and the bathroom in the master bedroom has a huge tub with a sky light above it wow!!.


There is so much land all around it. Each side offers its own view. The front yard faces the only two farms with many acres surrounding them. Off the master bedroom is a field for horses and cows with their new babies, out the other bedroom windows are many acres of farm land and out the kitchen widow is a field that leads back to the woods. I could not image more of a blessing……


I filled out the paper work knowing that my year off work didn't give me the best credit history with all my back medical bills, the income we had to offer was social security from husband, disability from wife.


Many applied for the house yet I knew this was to be.  I wrote a note and added it to my application. I thanked them for taking time to show us this wonderful home, I told them that although my credit history probably isn't the best we would make the rent every month. I told them that we would love to live in this wonderful home. The next morning my phone rang and he said, "This is the landlord and I want you to understand that this is about country living and dogs.

What we can move in?!


Winter was holding on with both hands and the move was hard and cold. We did it and there has only been joy and peace since. We are now not in our house but our home, Aho!




The Manataka American Indian Council supports:

Quote of the Month

Roundup Researcher: "If I know something, I will not shut my mouth."

Dr. Andrés Carrasco, an embryologist who works in Argentina's Ministry of Science's Conicet (National Council of Scientific and Technical Investigations) responding to criticism over his research which found that Monsanto's Roundup herbicide caused brain, intestinal and heart defects in amphibian fetuses. GRAIN: Seeds of Information, July 2009

Alert Update of the MONTH

Tell the USDA GE Frankenfoods & Nanotechnology Aren't Organic

Last week, we gave you news of a report issued by the USDA Foreign Agriculture Information Network, "The Unexplored Potential of Organic-Biotech Production," that argues "Governments should change their regulations to allow producers to gain organic certification for biotech crops grown with organic methods."   T

We alerted you that the National Organic Standards Board was considering an official ban on nanotechnology in organic, but felt stymied by their concern that "Under the current definition, most nanotechnology would not fall into the category of excluded methods." 

Please take action to (1) oppose the USDA's cynical attempt to promote genetic engineering as potentially organic and (2) push the National Organic Standards Board to take a strong stand against the use of nanotechnology in organic. Genetic engineering and nanotechnology aren't organic!

Alert Update of the MONTH

Swine Flu and Vaccine Nation

Despite 30,000 emails from Organic Bytes readers, and mounting global concern, government bureaucrats and the corporate media continue to gloss over the undeniable fact that massive factory pig and poultry farms are incubating deadly viruses that could cause catastrophic mutations in the so far mild Swine Flu Epidemic (H1N1/09). At the same time, media and health officials downplay the importance of safe and proven organic and holistic precautions - strengthening our immune systems with healthy organic food, medicinal herbs, homeopathic remedies, lifestyle changes, and stress reduction - while cheerleading for the likely ineffectual and hazardous Big Pharma vaccines currently being rushed to market. 





"They also learned, and perhaps this was the most important thing, how to look at things through the eyes of the Higher Powers."  --Frank Fools Crow, Lakota


Our eyes can only see our beliefs. Our beliefs cause us to make assumptions, draw conclusions and cause confusion. Our five senses are very limiting. The Creator has a way of allowing us to see or know in the spiritual world. This is called the Sixth Sense. The Sixth Sense is like a radar system; our personal radar system. It will help us "see" opportunities and help us avoid disaster. This Sixth Sense is controlled by God. We must learn to listen to it. We must learn to trust it. We must learn to act on it even if our head says differently. We must learn to look at things through the eyes of God.


My Creator, guide me today.

If my eyes cause confusion, let me close them and see through Your eyes.

 If my ears hear confusion, let me listen to my heart. Let me let You guide me

By Don Coyhis






Medicine for the People

By Jim McDonald,


Herbal Properties and Actions


I don’t think I could possibly overstate how important it is to understand the properties by which herbs work.  This knowledge is what separates a mediocre herbalist (someone who memorizes the name of a problem and the name of the herb that is listed next to it and says use this for that) from a good herbalist (someone who says, “Ah… dry, enflamed tissues… which mucilaginous herb should I use for this?”).  Understanding these properties opens up new worlds of possibility to the herbal student.  It allows one to more deeply understand the herbs they’re using, and see patterns in both plants and people more clearly.   It also clears up that head scratching that occurs when you’re reading herbal books and have no idea what they’re referring to when they say “anticatarrhal”.


While you could go through this list and try to memorize terms and definitions, the best way to gain an understanding of this material is to do so experientially.  You can read what an astringent is, or you can chew on a green banana peel or wild geranium root and know from experience.  Or you can understand that a mucilage is a viscid, slippery carbohydrate, but making a strong infusion of Marshmallow or Slippery Elm and playing around with the resulting goo will allow you to not only understand with your head, but with your body as well.  And who would want to pass up the opportunity to compare and contrast the varying degrees of bitter?


So… learn this stuff.  Years later, you’ll either be glad you did, or wish you had.


Primal Energetics

I should state that while I've presented these initial energetic considerations as polarities (hot/cold, dry/damp, tense/lax), there are so many exceptions and distinctions to be made when practically applying these concepts that visualizing these qualities on opposing ends of a spectrum is going to cause confusion and frustration and teeth gnashing.  As an example, we could say that demulcent herbs are moistening and astringent herbs are drying, but while moistening and drying is a polarity, astringents and demulcents are not... astringents are really the opposite of relaxants, not demulcents.


If you don't get that, please read on, and hopefully I can clear up and elucidate herbal energetics into the rather commonsense recognition of patterns that it is...









Tap Water vs. Bottled Water: Differences Explained

By Joe Burtard, The Grand Junction Daily Sentinel, August 28, 2009


Last year, consumers in the U.S. bought 8.6 billion gallons of bottled water, according to the International Bottled Water Association. You may have drunk some of that water yourself. But did you ever wonder if tap water and bottled water are really that different?


Water is water, right? However, there are major differences between bottled water and tap water, from price to regulating quality of water. As far as the law is concerned, water in bottles and water coming out of your faucet are regulated by different government agencies.


Water from the tap is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency, along with state and local governments. Bottled water is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. The significant difference between the two regulations is merely the fact that the FDA does not require bottled water companies to disclose the source of the water on the label. With tap water, the EPA requires that municipalities publish an annual consumer confidence report disclosing not only the source of the water, but also information on test results and the treatment process. The bottled water industry could face similar regulations in the near future.






No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.





What do you hear?

A Native American and his friend were in downtown New York City, walking near Times Square in Manhattan. It was during the noon lunch hour and the streets were filled with people. Cars were honking their horns, taxicabs were squealing around corners, sirens were wailing, and the sounds of the city were almost deafening. Suddenly, the Native American said, "I hear a cricket."

His friend said, "What? You must be crazy. You couldn't possibly hear a cricket in all of this noise!"

"No, I'm sure of it," the Native American said, "I heard a cricket."

"That's crazy," said the friend.

The Native American listened carefully for a moment, and then walked across the street to a big cement planter where some shrubs were growing. He looked into the bushes, beneath the branches, and sure enough, he located a small cricket. His friend was utterly amazed.

"That's incredible," said his friend. "You must have super-human ears!"

"No," said the Native American. "My ears are no different from yours. It all depends on what you're listening for."

"But that can't be!" said the friend. "I could never hear a cricket in this noise."

"Yes, it's true," came the reply. "It depends on what is really important to you. Here, let me show you."

He reached into his pocket, pulled out a few coins, and discreetly dropped them on the sidewalk. And then, with the noise of the crowded street still blaring in their ears, they noticed every head within twenty feet turn and look to see if the money that tinkled on the pavement was theirs.

"See what I mean?" asked the Native American. "It all depends on what's important to you."





Wild horse advocates are seeking to halt federal land managers' plans to remove all mustangs from a large swath of eastern Nevada, saying the animals deserve protection under federal law

RENO, Nev. (AP) - Wild horse advocates are seeking to halt federal land managers' plans to remove all mustangs from a large swath of eastern Nevada, saying the animals deserve protection under federal law.

The U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM) has started removing 350 horses southwest of Ely and plans to begin removing 270 more in October near Caliente. The roundups affect all wild horses in an area around Ely covering 1.4 million acres or more than 2,000 square miles.

Horse defender Christine Jubic of Albany, N.Y., filed a petition last week for an emergency order to halt the roundup with the Interior Board of Land Appeals until it can rule on her appeal challenging the roundup.




See an amazing film about Austrailia's Aboriginal peoples.

Traditional Whale Dreamers





Keeping Burial Sites Sacred

By Guillermo Herrera, The Tempest


The San Pablo Bay Area is historically a multi-national region of many Native American nations. Before the holocaust of the Americas, the area of Solano County was inhabited by the Suisune Nation and the coastal Miwok Nation, both of whom were nations of traders, which were part of a network of merchant cultures that extended across the Pacific Ocean and middle America.

Religious practices of the nations of what is today the Bay Area included ancestral worship and places of worship included places where people were buried.

Unfortunately, although many nations survived the holocaust of the Americas, Europeans refused to recognize any non-Christian religion and actively destroyed any sacred sites known to the European authorities, even in this decade.

Even Solano Community College is built on top of the sacred site and graveyard of the Suisune Nation, which is commemorated with a bronze plaque within school grounds explaining how Chief Solano is buried somewhere within the area.

Today, the practice of destroying scared sites is still prevalent, and within the Bay Area. an infamous example is the Shellmound Drive in Emeryville, built over a place of ancestral worship despite archaeological reports proving that it contained burial grounds of the Ohlone Nation, who have organized protests against the destruction of this scared sites as recently as November of 2008.

"We must protect our Sacred Sites," said Wounded Knee de Ocampo of the Vallejo Inter-Tribal Council, referring to their fight against the development of the Sacred Site at Glen Cove of Vallejo. "It is as if someone would decide to bulldoze a church."

The desecration of Native American sacred sites around the Bay Area is illegal according to federal and state laws, such as the "Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act," and if during a development project, bones and artifacts are found, all work must stop immediately, and authorities must contact a representative of a recognized Native American nation whose ancestral homeland includes the land of the development project. This process can take time, and if a development project is halted due to the discovery of bones or artifacts, the owners of the development project may lose money. Unfortunately, because of the implications of losing money, many developers choose instead to ignore any artifacts and bones found at a development site and continue a development project.

The aforementioned Shellmound Drive in Emeryville and Glen Cove in Vallejo are examples of this illegal practice on part of developers. However, groups such as Vallejo Inter-Tribal Council are organizing the sovereign nations of the Native Americans to unite and ensure that developers respect their religions and sacred sites.

For more information, contact the Vallejo Inter-Tribal Council at, or the Intertribal Friendship House (IFH) of Oakland at


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