Manataka American Indian Council                                                                      Volume XIV Issue 01  JANUARY 2009





Page 2 of 3 Pages






Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: Eaglehawk and Crow - Ngiyaampaa people
Feature Story::  

Feature Story: The Shores Within -  Final Installment

Letters to the Editor:

Crow Creek Dakota Nation in Trouble with IRS
Organic Consumers: Scrap Cap & Trade: EPA Do Your Job!
Elder's Meditations: Oren R. Lyons, Traditional Circle of Elders
Plant Medicine: Water and Mother Earth
Warrior Society News:   Wichita, Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society
Fluoride: How Safe is the Fluoride in Your Drinking Water?
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A The War On Wolves Escalates
Sacred Sites: Mayan Ruins Submerged in Guatemala Lake





Manataka T-Shirts! 

Manataka Flags!







Eaglehawk and Crow

Legend from Ngiyaampaa people of Australia

Long, long time ago Eaglehawk, it was his turn to go hunting. So Eaglehawk had a little baby, and he asked Crow, he went over to his neighbor Crow and asked Crow if he'd look after his baby while he went hunting, because food was getting much scarcer now and they had to go much further and further away from the camp.

So Eaglehawk, he went to Crow and asked him. Crow didn't want to look after the baby, he said "No, no I don't want to look after the baby, he's crying too much, he'll cry all the time and disturb the camp". But Eaglehawk said, "No, he'll be right, Crow". He said, "You take him away and you sit down there and talk to him, or sing to him and he'll quieten down". Crow was still reluctant to take the baby, he said, "No, I don't want to look after the kid".

So anyway, Eaglehawk just handed the baby to Crow and said, "Okay, when we come back, whatever meat we get we'll bring it back and we'll share it with you". Crow had to be satisfied with that and Eaglehawk just went off with his young men and of course they had to go a long, long way from the camp.

But Crow, after he got the baby, he took it into his gunyah, his hut, and he sat down there with the baby and he was singing to it and talking to it, but the baby wouldn't stop crying. Just kept on crying and crying and crying.












Submit your graphic design for the new World Drum Flag by April 30, 2010

for a chance to win cash and other exciting prizes!



Do you love to draw, color, paint, or design?  Do you love the Mother Earth and want peace throughout the world?


We want YOU to design a beautiful, colorful flag to symbolize the World Drum Project. If you win, your design will be made into a flag and it will fly on at every location worldwide where the World Drum is presented.  See your name and photo in media releases and videos worldwide, plus get a chance to win $500 cash, plus other great prizes!


Anyone can enter!  No purchase is necessary and there is no entry fee.  It's free!











The Shores Within

By Boe Glasschild

& Laughing Dog Red Feather


Free Online Lessons on the Medicine Way

Eight lessons plus a glossary, bibliographic notes and more.


The Medicine Way has been exclusively an oral tradition for centuries. Now, Choctaw Spiritual Elder Boe Many Knives Glasschild, Bvshpo Lawa,  puts these teachings in writing for all to read and understand.   This is the fifth installment of ten monthly installments of the book entitled, "The Shores Within" covering the entire book from April to December 2009.  Each chapter contains links to a glossary of definitions to various Medicine Way terminology. 









Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.


A Warm Holiday Message

Dear Manataka,


Good morning.  It is realized that for some Native People, Christmas is of a different importance than for others, however, for all people there comes a time when it is important to provide a positive message.    In most cases, people around the world have a belief in a Creator, thus, during this season of the winter solstice we can see that very soon the days will become longer, the weather will gradually warm, and we will be back to the greener times.  So, I extend a greeting and wish to all Native People:  May the Creator smile upon you and your families.  And may your days in 2010 be sunny, warm and greener with a bounty that meets your daily needs.  ~Matt Maley


Reading the Smoke Signal Every Month!

Dear Editor,


I would just like to thank you for making the Smoke Signal News available for me to read, I look forward to reading it every month. I especially appreciated the online lessons on The Medicine Way. May everyone responsible for the publication be richly blessed.  Thank you again for the words of wisdom and education.  ~Martha Meyer


Drum Repair

Hello Manataka,


I have a large powwow drum with rawhide on both sides that needs to be replaced and restrung. Do you know anyone that does these kind of repairs on drums?  Kindly let me know. ~Marilyn Angel Wynn



Hello Marilyn


Thank you for asking Manataka.  The best advise we can give is ... do it yourself.  If you play the drum and if you are "one" with the drum, then it is only fitting that you and your friends who also sit the drum should be the ones who give her birth -- or rebirth in this instance.  When the drum is repaired by you, she feels the healing touch of your hands and she will sing loudly for you.  Her vibration will becomes your vibration, you become one with the drum.


That said, you might think you do not know how.  Impossible.  Yes, you do.  It is not rocket science.  Simply purchase a quality hide of sufficient size to cut lacings from it and enough sinew to make bindings where necessary.  Take a few close up pictures of the old drum before you take it apart.  Use the pictures to cut the holes in the new hide, lacing configurations, etc.  There are any number of websites that will give you a step-by-step procedure for preparing the hide to be stretched, cut, laced, and cured. 


You might think you do not have time.  Impossible.  Yes, you do.  Work on it a little each day until it is finished.  If you send her off to someone you do not know, they might take a great deal more time to finish it than you could with your friends helping.  You will find the cost of doing it yourself is much lower  -- plus, you will have the pride of touching her in a healing way and truly make the drum yours.  We hope you find this helpful.  Thank you. ~Editor


Wounded Knee Revisited


Dear Editor,

The Anniversary of Wounded Knee ......That is one of those things I had to walk away from for a long time to "put out" of my mind. Mostly because the anger and pain I felt over it would overwhelm me sometimes - in ways I could never explain.


How do I explain such strong emotions to a massacre that supposedly I had no connection to?  I couldn't.  The way I dealt with it - was to try to "forget" about it - not think about it. I don't forget completely, though.....  However, a lot of other work was being done - letting go - growing through - moving beyond - dreaming ...... It is not that I don't feel the pain now - but it doesn't punch me in the gut and knock the wind out of me anymore.  The Peace within me, that spread throughout me and around me from my dream - that has remained. The war bonnet is still off. What happened at that time - and before, and after - is criminal, heartbreaking, wrong - yes. 

But it happened, and it cannot be undone. Our new generation - our own "never again" ..... it must not happen again. I can honor their memories, and I continue to remember that Sitting Bull has come to me in my dreams - even before I knew who he was and is. Same thing with Crazy Horse, and others. The legends and medicine men of old came to me long before I knew them - they knew me. They knew my walk and my direction way before I knew I had a path to start walking. 

So .... some "manmade" dates - I recognize, in honor of, and in memory of, innocent people, and my loved ones. With love & respect. Kim Summermoon


Thank you for Thanksgiving Stories

Dear Editor:


Thanks so much for the informative and thoughtful articles on Thanksgiving on your website.  I went online looking for a way to explain Thanksgiving to my children and was both bewildered and confused at the white-washed but child-friendly traditional Thanksgiving stories on the one hand and the horrifying reality of the massacres on the other.  Your site offered historically honest information, but also a way forward whereby we can join with many cultures in thanking God for the provision of the harvest (we're in Cambodia, so in our case it is rice) and still learn honestly from the past.  Thanks for your thoughtfulness and graciousness in helping us think the issue through. Thanks. ~Samantha Baker Evens


For All Those Who Were Indian In A Former Life

Dear Manataka:


My wife just told me about your newsletter and I just finished reading this article submitted by Tina Johnson. It was a beautifully written piece full of truth. It is difficult being Native in this country, let alone this world. In my travels I have seen much of this abuse but it is my thought that we must pray for compassion and understanding as well as the unification of all our peoples.


It is true that there are many who exploit our culture but there are those who realize that we are earth people and realize that what we have and has been handed down to us for generations is something very sacred, those who want grasp on to some meaning of truth and purity; the same sacredness of their own ancestors that was diluted and taken from them. It is wrong for them to put all of our ceremonies and beliefs into a blender and come up with some sort of “one size fits all” kind of philosophy or teaching and even more wrong for people to sell it in various forms. I think it is up to us in the Indian community to take back our place as leaders to protect all that is sacred and to teach and guide those who are in the wrong.


Thank you for this newsletter and for all that you folks do. It has made my heart soar this morning!


Wakan Tanka nici un, Mark ThunderWolf



To whom this may concern,


Saw a weather news broadcast, and some headlines - that more needs to be done to fight global warming. Apparently the big world leaders had a big meeting in Copenhagen.


They still attribute it primarily to human causes in the last decade. Okay - but they are still talking and holding meetings in big buildings.  Talking, talking ..... important people in expensive clothing discussing ideas with other important people in expensive clothing.


I wonder what they ate. Did they discuss the effects of slaughterhouses and factory farms on greenhouse gases?  World hunger continues. The industrialized, wealthy nations continue their ways. 


The "Third World Countries" continue to struggle for survival. Too many 'us vs. them' distinctions - keeps us separate. Maybe the world leaders should go to the "Third World Countries" and feed people from their own kitchens, talk with the militias.   But without the cameras and the media frenzy - just as regular people - then everyone is on the same level. 


Something different is needed. All this talking has done nothing. But for some things, it is too late already. ~ Kim Wilson


Thanks to Manataka Elder and Takatoka

Greetings Manataka,

First, my many thanks and great respect  to the Manataka Elder for his courage, conviction and leadership -- for keeping true and pure to the 
Spirit and faith.

Reading the article took me back to a path in my childhood, to the evening I watched in awe my first Ceremonial dances.  It was at a powwow in Rock Island, Illinois.

My heart was lifted and my soul soared as I became absorbed by the colors and dance. To this day, I can hear the chanting.  I felt  the vibrations of the drums as my heart attuned to them.  I felt the Earth balancing me on Her knee, connecting me to each step made by the men before me.  It was, even at 6, a very spiritual experience.   Perhaps it was to have been a performance, but my heart was not seeking to be entertained, and the Father sought to touch my heart and soul through this evening.

And so it was that after the ceremony concluded, awash with wonderful energies, I lingered behind my parents as the crowds disseminated.   Next to the stage, when I was assured everyone had left the seating area, I pulled back the hide that served as a curtain to the private staging area in back.  My childish innocence was shattered upon seeing  beautiful ceremonial costumes being  tossed on the ground, hairpieces cast aside, makeup roughly scrubbed off, wallets opened up, the air sinking with wafts of freshly lit cigarettes. The Red Road so very suddenly looked white.

Had nothing that I had felt and seen, heard and loved been real?

My 76 year old mother can attest to this day the tears she saw, as I ran to her for comfort from my disillusionment.

So suddenly they had changed  - my eyes!  Something so beautiful, so pure, so One of my God had been violated.  It was ever so clear to the 
innocent child.

Our Manataka Elder and Takatoka have reminded us that it remains ever so clear today -- the importance of keeping sacred those things of the 
Spirit and Creator.

My deepest gratitude to both for rekindling my childhood memories, and reigniting these eternal values and beliefs.  And my thanks as well to 
Smoke Signal News and the Manataka American Indian Council for providing us with the circles to continue to learn from one another.  You have made this day a very special one.  Blessings. ~Sherry Chilton


Crow Creek Dakota Nation in Trouble with IRS


Dear Editor,


On December 3rd , 2009, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) began an unlawful, deceitful process to ‘auction off’ lands belonging to the Crow
Creek Dakota “Indian” Nation (in what is now called ‘central South Dakota’) in attempts to ‘recover’ $3,125,000 dollars in tribal employee ‘employment taxes’ the IRS alleges the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe’s (CCST) owes since 2003.

The indigenous lands under current violation by u.s. officials are Crow Creek Dakota Nation ‘reservation’ (a diminished portion of the 1851 Treaty Territory) lands totaling 7,100 acres – nearly twenty percent of what is left of the Nation’s landholdings.

The Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) Crow Creek Sioux Tribe tribal council government, established originally in 1934 as a means to defraud more and more lands until a goal of termination was satisfied (a process halted by the American Indian Movement (AIM) in the early 1970’s) felt they were exempt from employee taxation because of a nation-to-nation stance they believed existed between the u.s. government and the Crow Creek Sioux Tribe – a statement oft-used by u.s. presidents in their speeches to “Indians.”

An unnamed Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) official ‘warden-ing’ the tribe in Crow Creek had informed the tribal council that because it was a ‘federally recognized Indian tribe’, it was not necessary to pay federal employment taxes. The BIA, coincidentally, was the federal government agency that “lost” tens of billions of dollars in trust monies (see Cobell case) belonging to individual Indian landowners during recent years.

In the late 1800’s, the u.s. used the unilateral ‘homestead’ and ‘allotment act’ congressional acts to swipe millions of acres of indigenous lands.
During the last decade of land swindles designed against the Crow Creek Dakota and other Indigenous Red Nation and Peoples, the Crow Creek Sioux Reservation was also overlapped illegally by the recently established state of South Dakota’s ‘Buffalo, Brule, and Hyde’ Counties. This occurred in conjunction with the sneaky u.s. government’s process of ‘checker boarding’ – when loopholes existed for which Americans could purchase reservation lands from starving or duressed indigenous citizenry.

The u.s. government action thru their “IRS” may be another phase to continue the great land theft always plaguing indigenous nations. Continued waiver of sovereign and nationhood rights by tribal councils and reservation residents to the state and federal government for a few million here and there must be halted. A continued “sell-out” of nation rights and duping of tribal councils could eventually be employed as a final tactic by greedy u.s. government officials (in a straight line with president Lincoln, General Custer, and Senator Daschle) to get the last oil, wind power, farming, and mineral resources in the hands of the most-greedy state of South Dakota and its greediest citizens. Opened lands means yearly tax revenue for the governor’s bank account.

It is up to the Crow Creek Dakota Nation’s people and their supporters to occupy their homelands and protect themselves from illegal encroachment from not only Germans and communists, but also democrats and republicans – who remain in sheep’s clothing with their eye on “Indian land.”  ~Scott Barta





Dear Manataka,


Thank you to Linda VanBibber for the beautiful way she expressed and echoed my own thoughts and feelings regards some of the recent articles in Smoke Signal.  Actually I had talked a little about this with Bear and Amanda when they were here for our Aussie Manataka Gathering and the World Drum.

I feel very strongly about what has been said and as one who walks the Earth Mother with a white skin this time round.  And like Linda who doesn't go on about what she may or may not have been in a past or future lifetime, I only know express what I feel in this lifetime.

Folks of all races, all skin colours have had their own medicine/shaman ways and furthermore for those who are white, our traditions our ways were stolen from us 2000 years ago and more with the coming of the Romans and even the Celts.   So much was lost so much buried, so much lied about particularly regard to women.

We are all indigenous to Mother Earth and when I was invited to speak about the World Drum at another gathering last month, I said to all concerned from my heart and it surely flowed out with strength truth and love that I feel this land that I am born to Australia in my blood, in my bones and in my breath.  I feel this sacred ancient place as I walk the land.  Who is to deny the truth of what I feel or what you feel who has the right to tell us we cannot honour all of creation in song, ceremony, prayer, drumming, dancing and ritual. I answer to Goddess/Creator and my heart.

Bless you sacred sister, Linda VanBibber.  I am truly deeply grateful for your sharing and for the words that reflected my own heart and my path and my truth. 
Blessings and huge big heart hugs.  ~Lynn Guy, Australia




Get on the ball! 

Sign me!



The Manataka American Indian Council supports:

Video and Action of the Week

Scrap Cap & Trade: EPA Do Your Job!

This month, we share two great videos that explain what's gone wrong with Congress's climate change bill and why letting greenhouse gas polluters make money off their hot air, i.e., cap and trade, is a bad idea.

We urge you take action in support of EPA's recent, long overdue announcement that it will henceforth consider and regulate greenhouse gases for what they are - hazardous pollutants that represent a threat to our global climate and indeed all life on the Earth.

Corporate Climate Criminal

Monsanto Nominated for Angry Mermaid Award

Who are the worst corporate climate criminals? Which disaster capitalists are using the most muscle to profit from a warming world and force false solutions on governments and tax-payers? Would it surprise you to hear that Monsanto is among eight corporations in the running to receive what climate activists have dubbed the "Angry Mermaid" Award?

Zero Waste for Zero Warming

More Compost, Less GHGs from Landfills

When composted and returned to the soil, organic matter provides multiple benefits. It locks carbon in soil; improves the structure and workability of soils (reducing the need for fossil fuels for plowing and tilling); improves water retention (irrigation is a heavy consumer of energy); displaces energy-intensive synthetic fertilizers; and results in more rapid plant growth (which takes CO2 out of the atmosphere).

But, when organic waste ends up in landfills, the organic content (paper, yard waste and food scraps) putrefies, producing methane (CH4), a greenhouse gas 20-70 times more potent and damaging than carbon dioxide (CO2).


The Solution: Zero Waste

A far better approach is known as Zero Waste, which aims to close the loop on all material used in the economy. Under Zero Waste, each element of a source-separated waste stream is subjected to minimal treatment so that it can be reused. Clean, source-separated organics (including kitchen discards) are composted or subject to anaerobic digestion; usable goods are  repaired and re-used; other materials are recycled.

Besides saving resources and money, and generating green jobs for local communities, Zero Waste produces far less pollution than so-called waste disposal techniques. It eliminates methane emissions from landfills by diverting organics; it eliminates greenhouse gas emissions from incinerators by closing them; it reduces greenhouse gas emissions from industry by replacing virgin materials with recycled materials; and it reduces greenhouse gas emissions from transport by generally keeping such materials close to the end-user.






"Male and female is fundamental to life; partners in work to be done." --Oren R. Lyons, Spokesman, Traditional Circle of Elders


The Great Spirit created a system which would allow us to reproduce, to have companionship, to love, to laugh, to cry and be happy. Man and Woman each have gifts the other doesn't have. But, together they have these gifts to share with each other. The Great Spirit made it this way. So let us treat each other with respect. Let us look upon each other in a sacred way.


Grandfather, Grandmother, bring the spirits to teach us

By Don Coyhis



Warrior Society News


Wichita, Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society


In the early 1980s, eight men gathered at the Mid America All Indian Center in  Wichita, Kansas.  They came from different tribes to solve a problem in the Indian community.  Intertribal jealously and disrespect caused many problems and a lack of cooperation for public programs and gatherings.


The Wichita Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society established by-laws and a mission statement and people began to join the new organization.  The organization began to sponsor annual powwows that have grown in size every year for more than twenty years.


The first goal of the Warrior Society is to promote and keep the customs of associated tribes.  Each member is tasked with learning his own tribe’s customs and teaching others.  Their second mission is to take care our elders, children, and veterans.


Although the Warrior Society does not require a prospective member to have Indian ancestry, a known blood quantum is required to be an officer.  The Ladies Auxiliary does much work and helps the community in their own ways. 


Needy members of the community receive emergency help from the Warrior Society when funds are available on a case-by-case basis.  Funds are allocated for food, medicine, utilities.  The Warrior Society also works with local agencies to help those in need.  For several years, Warrior Society members donated funds to give scholarships to deserving community youth to help get them through college.  Another program helps repair and restore homes of community members who qualify.


Burial service are provided to families of those who have crossed over.  The Wichita Kansas Warrior Society strives to uphold their tribal customs by providing an honor guard and stand in constant vigil during the wake because some tribes require that the body is never left alone until burial.  They perform a flag ceremony for veterans when the military cannot provide the honor guard. 


The Wichita Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society hosts two large powwow events annually.  The September powwow benefits our programs and services and the second is the Veterans Powwow in November honors all veterans. 


The Wichita Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society honors all veterans, not just native.  Their powwows are oriented more to the Plains Indians style since that is our location.  They also sponsor stomp dancers from Oklahoma.


In 1992, the Wichita Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society Honor Guard was invited to Washington , DC during the 10th Vietnam Memorial anniversary.  At the conclusion of a prayer ceremony, a war lance was ceremonially passed from a member dressed in buckskin to a member dressed as WWI soldier to one dressed as a WWII soldier and finally to a Vietnam veteran, who drove the war lance into the ground, near a section of names with whom he had  served, signifying some of the wars that American Indians fought for this country.  The war lance is now at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington . 


The Manataka American Indian Council honors members of the Wichita Kansas Intertribal Warrior Society and is grateful for their many contributions to their community, their hard work and dedication to respecting their ancestors and traditions.   





Medicine for the People

By Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle



Water and Mother Earth


It is hard for me to know where to start.  I guess I have always known that our water system is not the best. I really got involved into testing the water when I started making Colloidal Silver. I will touch base on this later on particular subject.

I would like to address a subject about how Mother Earth operates and how the ocean currents involves us as human beings.  You must see the future of Mother Earth by reliving the past of her.  The human body and her are so closely related that we need to stop and think about how much water plays a part of our lives.  I was laying in bed one night and awoke and suddenly started thinking just how closely we are correlated within the spiritual bowels of Mother Earth.

We all know that we have the Polar Caps (Frozen Water) on top of Mother Earth. Then we have the continent of Antarctica on the bottom of the earth.  Grandfather Sun shines on the polar caps thus making water, and the magnetic fields  thus producing the Northern Lights. If you can think of this as Mother Earth being shaped like a pear then you will understand this much better.  When the rays of light strike the polar caps and magnetic field they produce rays of light that radiate from them. They bounce off them and are formed around Mother Earth thus forming her Aura. It is shaped as to contour around her sides and then comes close together at the bottom of Antarctica. She also has an Aura the covers her and it is shaped like a pear but is continuous. What I was trying to make clear was that if we look closely that we are closely related to Mother Earth in comparison. 











How Safe is the Fluoride in Your Drinking Water?

Written by James Irwin


We no longer paint with lead paint, use asbestos in buildings, or dump our raw sewage in the Congaree River. However the intentional contamination of our water supply with what is now 1.1 million lbs. of fluoridation chemicals per year just keeps going, with little public attention or protest.


The year was 1965 when Columbia city council voted unanimously to add one part per million of fluoride to our water supply – a program which continues to this day. Back then, lead was still used in house paints and as an additive in gasoline despite 20 years of knowledge that lead exposure was causing brain damage in many children. Asbestos was still in widespread use for fireproofing and insulation, despite knowledge of the lung diseases it caused. Here at home, Columbia was still dumping its raw sewage into the Congaree River, causing drivers on the Gervais St. bridge to roll up their windows because of the stench.  We no longer paint with lead paint, use asbestos in buildings, or dump our raw sewage in the Congaree River. However the intentional contamination of our water supply with what is now 1.1 million lbs. of fluoridation chemicals per year just keeps going, with little public attention or protest.







No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.




A major research institution has just announced the discovery of the heaviest element yet known to science. The new element has been named "Governmentium". Governmentium has one neutron, 12 assistant neutrons, 75 deputy neutrons, and 224 assistant deputy neutrons, giving it an atomic mass of 311.

These 311 particles are held together by forces called morons, which are surrounded by vast quantities of lepton-like particles called peons.

Since Governmentium has no electrons, it is inert. However, it can be detected, as it impedes every reaction with which it comes into contact.

A minute amount of Governmentium causes one reaction to take over 4 days to complete, when it would normally take less than a second.

Governmentium has a normal half-life of 4 years; it does not decay, but, instead undergoes a reorganization in which a portion of the assistant neutrons and deputy ne utrons exchange places. In fact, Governmentium's mass will actually increase over time, since each reorganization will cause more morons to become neutrons, forming isodopes. This characteristic of moron-promotion leads some scientists to believe that Governmentium is formed whenever morons reach a certain quantity in concentration. This hypothetical quantity is referred to as "Critical Morass". When catalyzed with money Governmentium becomes Administratium, an element which radiates just as much energy, since it has 1/2 as many peons but twice as many morons.









See an amazing film about Austrailia's Aboriginal peoples.

Traditional Whale Dreamers






Mayan Ruins Submerged in Guatemala Lake

By Sarah Grainger, October 30, 2009


LAKE ATITLAN, Guatemala — Scuba divers are exploring the depths of a volcanic lake in Guatemala to find clues about an ancient sacred island where Mayan pilgrims flocked to worship before it was submerged by rising waters.


Samabaj, the first underwater archaeological ruins excavated in Guatemala, were discovered accidentally 12 years ago by a diver exploring picturesque Lake Atitlan, ringed by Mayan villages and popular with foreign tourists.


"No one believed me, even when I told them all about it. They just said 'he's mad'," said Roberto Samayoa, a businessman and recreational diver who grew up near the lake where his grandmother told him legends of a sunken church.






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