Manataka American Indian Council                                                       Volume XIV  Issue 02  FEBRUARY 2010




Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow



Page 3 of 3 Pages





Contents of Page 3

History: Geronimo at Fort Pickens

Grandmother L. Cota Nupah Makah Speaks:

Grandmother Magdala Rameriz:

Moon Changes

The Winding River

Indigenous Music Feature::

Bear Creek - Drum Group
Elder's Meditations: Rolling Thunder, Cherokee
Women's Circle: Minority Women and Heart Disease
Food & Nutrition: Five Native American "Super Foods"
Book Reviews: Across the Endless River
Poetry Circle: Great Spirit Prayer
Healing Prayer Basket: Prayer is Important to Keep Communication Open
Manataka  Business: January Meetings, MAIC Needs



Manataka T-Shirts! 

Manataka Flags!



Geronimo at Fort Pickens


"I cannot think that we are useless or God would not have created us. There is one God looking down on us all. We are all the children of one God. The sun, the darkness, the winds are all listening to what we have to say."  Geronimo


The Apache Indians have always been characterized as fierce warriors with an indomitable will. It is not surprising that the last armed resistance by Native Americans came from this proud tribe of American Indians. As the Civil War ended the U. S. Government brought its military to bear against the natives out west. They continued a policy of containment and restriction to reservations. In 1875, the restrictive reservation policy had limited the Apaches to 7200 square miles. By the 1880's the Apache had been limited to 2600 square miles. This policy of restriction angered many Native Americans and led to confrontation between the military and bands of Apache. The famous Chiricahua Apache Geronimo, Goyathlay ("one who yawns"), led one such band.









Moon Changes

by L. Cota Nupah Makah - Waynonaha




The pale face of Grandmother Moon slips through the sky, as night after night she watches over me while I sleep.


Her silver light makes silvery, lacey patterns on the wall, as she sends her beams through my window curtains. I watch as the delicate spider web pattern moves over the wall, and find myself spun into her magic.


I spend my mornings these days talking to the birds, which fly about my door. The two crows who come talking and share my bread keep me from being lonely. I see them perched on the branches of the old black walnut tree waiting to see what I will toss out to them for food. They scold me and talk of things that they see in the night while I sleep.   These brave feathered messengers of the spirit world, the two Crows come and greet me each morning.   I now know that they are warrior brothers and come to protect and help me; sent by one who remembers.


Two years ago that same black walnut tree lost her mate to a wind storm. He lay down so gently trying not to damage any homes. I heard his death cry as he was sent crashing to the Earth Mother. I went to him when he passed and offered his spirit tobacco, giving also tobacco and corn meal to his life long mate. Soon the men came and took his strong body away and there was a big hole left in the earth. I took one small twig from his body that held the story of his life and place it on my Alter. I notice this winter that some of the old black walnut trees branches that once were locked in his branches are broken,   they will in spring fall to the ground.  Even if these branches that remember that touching fall, they will carry the memory and love of that soul mate forever. When they fall I will ask to take one and create a talking stick so that the love will continue to be shared in circle.







By Magdala Del Consuelo, Mayan Priestess



Hello Beautiful Ones,

Winding river, endless mountain

The dark forest breathing mist

There is no road into the sacred place

It is just that, the deeper you go

The more wondrous it becomes


 This beautiful Buddhist poem is  a thousand years old and from the past, just flying into me.  It is so true that there is no road into the sacred place, it has never been, for sacredness resides in all life forms, the sacred place that human being is.


 In the transition times, when human being are finding a new perceptions of self,  there is no path to encounter.  The path that others create are good for them.  We have learned that we are the path.  Your own road can only belongs to you.  It cannot be stolen or broken.  It is a road that only you can walk.  It belongs to you, the original creator.












Submit your graphic design for the new World Drum Flag by April 30, 2010

for a chance to win cash and other exciting prizes!



Do you love to draw, color, paint, or design?  Do you love the Mother Earth and want peace throughout the world?


We want YOU to design a beautiful, colorful flag to symbolize the World Drum Project. If you win, your design will be made into a flag and it will fly on at every location worldwide where the World Drum is presented.  See your name and photo in media releases and videos worldwide, plus get a chance to win $500 cash, plus other great prizes!


Anyone can enter!  No purchase is necessary and there is no entry fee.  It's free!







Indigenous Music Feature


Bear Creek is the new generation of powerhouse drum groups and they've started a collection of awards to prove it. They've claimed first place at the Gathering of Nations Powwow competition 2001 in Albuquerque , NM and "Best Traditional" and "Best Contemporary" drum group at the 2002 Canadian Aboriginal Music Awards! This second release is the most anticipated Powwow album of 2003!


Bear Creek Personnel:
Justin Perrault, Mike Tegosh, Joe Syrette, Rob Essex, Kevin Syrette, Nick Hewson, John Syrette, Mike Willis, Gabe Gaudet, Mz Thomas, Andrew Nahwegahbow, Rodney Stanger, Tom Hare, Nitanis Cekitfl Landry.





No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.



The tourist was admiring the Indian's necklace. "What is it made of?" she asked.

"Alligator's teeth," the Indian replied.

"I suppose," she said patronizingly, "that they mean as much to you as pearls do to us."

"Oh, no," he objected. "Anybody can open an oyster."








"It's very hard to do things in the right manner, but as long as we do things right, we are in turn with the Great Spirit."  --Rolling Thunder, Cherokee


When we are right with the Great Spirit, we are right with all things. It is impossible to be out of harmony with anything or anybody when we are in harmony with the Great One. So, if during the day a problem crops up and someone makes us mad, the best thing we can do is talk to the Creator first, ask for His help, then continue our conversation with the other person. In this way, our emotional nature will keep aligned with our thoughts, and we will always stay right with the Great Spirit.


Great Spirit, I ask You to guide me on the Red Road today.

By Don Coyhis








Minority Women and Heart Disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for American Indian/Alaska Native women.  Heart disease has also become a major cause of disability and hospitalizations for American Indians/Alaska Natives. More than half of American Indians/Alaska Natives have at least one risk factor for heart disease, including diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, lack of exercise, and smoking.



Heart disease is a group of diseases of the heart and the blood vessel system in the heart. Coronary heart disease, the most common type, affects the blood vessels of the heart. It can cause angina or a heart attack. Angina is a pain in the chest that happens when the heart does not get enough blood. It may feel like a pressing or squeezing pain, often in the chest, but sometimes in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, or back. Having angina means you're more likely to have a heart attack. A heart attack happens when a blood vessel is blocked for more than 20 minutes. 










Five Native American "Super Foods" for Better Health and Delicious Dining

Five Nutrient-Packed Ingredients That Are Great for the Body, Mind and Soul

By John Mitewich, Guide


"Super foods" are foods which have a significantly higher nutritional value than most others. I've listed five such foods, native to the Americas, which appear on almost all these "super food" lists. If you want to eat a healthier diet, start including these delicious foods in your meals. To get you started, I've linked in a recipe for each food.



Blueberries are native to North America and were an important food source for the Native tribes for centuries. These Native Americas used the blueberries in something called pemmican, which was dried meat pounded with blueberries and fat. Since you may not have any dried bison meat around, I've linked an old fashion blueberry crisp recipe for you to try.

Blueberries are full of flavor and nutritional goodness, yet at the same time are very low in calories. They are very high in vitamin content, fiber and most importantly, antioxidants. In recent studies blueberries were found to be at the top of the list of fruits in their ability to destroy free radicals. Many consider this an important factor in preventing various types of cancer. Red wine has been touted for its antioxidant benefits, but blueberries have almost 40% more antioxidants than red wine.

While the best way to enjoy blueberries is raw, they're great used in all kinds of recipes. Besides fresh, they can be found frozen and dried, so you can enjoy them year round. 


Canning Blueberries -










Across the Endless River by Thad Carhart

From the acclaimed bestselling author of The Piano Shop on the Left Bank, a historical novel about Jean-Baptiste Charbonneau, the son of Sacagawea, and his intriguing sojourn as a young man in 1820s Paris.

Born in 1805 on the Lewis and Clark expedition, Jean-Baptiste Charbonneau was the son of the expedition's translators, Sacagawea and Toussaint Charbonneau. Across the Endless River compellingly portrays this mixed-blood child's mysterious boyhood along the Missouri among the Mandan tribe and his youth as William Clark's ward in St. Louis. The novel becomes a haunting exploration of identity and passion as eighteen-year-old Baptiste is invited to cross the Atlantic in 1823 with young Duke Paul of Württemberg.

During their travels throughout Europe, Paul introduces Baptiste to a world he never imagined. Gradually, Baptiste senses the limitations of life as an outsider. His passionate affair with Paul's older cousin helps him understand the richness of his heritage and the need to fashion his own future. But it is Maura, the beautiful and independent daughter of a French-Irish wine merchant Baptiste meets in Paris, who most influences his ultimate decision to return to the frontier.

Rich in the details of life in both frontier America and the European court, Across the Endless River is a captivating novel about a man at the intersection of cultures, languages, and customs. 


Hardcover: 320 pages;  Product Dimensions: 9.3 x 6.1 x 1.3 inches;  Publisher: Doubleday; 1 edition (September 1, 2009); ISBN-13: 978-0385529778 Barnes & Random House Available at your local bookstore or online from these fine booksellers. Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Borders | IndieBound | Random House.

"An interesting and compelling historical account of Indian culture about the life of Jean-Baptiste Charbonneau, who was the baby born to Sacagawea on the explorations of Lewis and Clark, where she served as a translator. Jean-Baptiste travels to Paris on the ocean once called "the endless river" as no one ever sailed across it. Thad Carhart does presents an excellent account.  ~ Lee Standing Bear Moore





More Recommended Reading:

Click on the book of your choice






Great Spirit Prayer

    "Oh, Great Spirit, whose voice I hear in the wind,

    whose breath gives life to all the world.
    Hear me; I need your strength and wisdom.

    Let me walk in beauty, and make my eyes ever behold the red and purple sunset.

    Make my hands respect the things you have made and my ears sharp to hear your voice make me wise so that I may understand the things you have taught my people.

    Help me to remain calm and strong in the face of all that comes towards me.
    Let me learn the lessons you have hidden in every leaf and rock.

    Help me seek pure thoughts and act with the intention of helping others. 
    Help me find compassion without empathy overwhelming me.

    I seek strength, not to be greater than my brother, but to fight my greatest enemy - Myself.

    Make me always ready to come to you with clean hands and straight eyes.

    So when life fades, as the fading sunset, my spirit may come to you without shame.


    ~Chief Yellow Lark, Lakota Tribe





Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.




Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury, Troubles...


Hope Matise (New York) , The 21 year old daughter of Rick & Jackie Orr is in need of a bone marrow transfusion.  They are having difficulty finding a match.  There will be a blood test at the Kripplebush Fire House on Feb. 20 & 21 from 10 to 4 with the hope that a match can be found. If a match can be found and someone is willing to be a donor, it involves a process lasting 4 hours where bone marrow is removed from blood taken and then returned to the donor.  Hope comes from a Native American, Dutch and German background.  I think Hope is presently in a hospital in Westchester.  If you have additional questions, you can call the number of her parents.  ~Henrietta Wise  02-03-10

Snake (Snakeman) My dear friend and native brother, Snake or as I call him Snakeman, is in very poor health and in hospice.  He has cancer and his skull is slowly filling with blood, one drop at a time. He is taking morphine every 2 hours to ease the pain.  This man has done a lot of good for kids in the past years. He has taught me a lot.  A gentle soul.  All  positive be sent to our brother. Many thanks and love to all.  ~Nancy Redblanket 02-01-10


Nita Smith of the Nansemond Tribe of Virginia. Please keep her and her family in your prayers. Nita has been in Chippenham Hospital since last week.  They put her under a medical induced coma to help with her healing process. She was having a hard time breathing and upon going to the hospital they discovered she had severe pneumonia. "She Who Hugs"  was diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease.  She is in the Coronary Care Unit, taking it one day at a time. Let's lift her in prayer and send positive energies her way everybody.  She is a true treasure. Debora Littlewing Moore and Helen Red Wing Vinson  01-28-10


Beth (PA)  I received a plea from an abused child yesterday.  She is 11-years old and her name is Beth.  She lives in PA.  Why do courts give back these kids to people who sexually abuse them?  There is also a sister younger in this home her name is Mandy she is 9.  I feel so hopeless in this.  These kids really need prayers.  ~Red Wing 01-21-10


Lee Standing Bear Moore (Hot Springs, AR) suffered a heart attack on January 5.  He returned home with a defibulator strapped to his side that will delivery a shock to his heart if needed.  He is scheduled for pre-op on February 24 and surgery on Feb. 25  to insert a pacemaker / defibulator.  Pray for our grandfather. ~Bonnie  01-16-10


Cece Stevens (Tuscon, AZ) has emphysema and Swine flu. She is a rare lady thru hard work she and hubby have been very successful. They give unceasingly to those who are in need. Bought heaters for a lot of people. For Christmas they go to VA hospital with wagons full of gifts for the vets and their families in Tuscon AZ  Also holiday full dinners then spend the day on the Hospice floor. She told me she would dance with death and death would take the day off. A remarkable couple but a truly remarkable woman. She and hubby both have swine flu he has had a stroke but recovered well. Thanks so much.  ~Ruth King 01-13-10


Momfeather (KY)  Please lift up this wonderful lady in your prayer today.  Thank you.  ~Bear 01-13-10


Edwin Tuni (Tempe, AZ) is experiencing financial and legal issues.  Edwin is married with two daughters and needs our prayers -- now!  ~Carlena Tuni 01-12-10


Joyce Makinson (Springfield, OR)  My mom is only 67 years and was placed in a home care house in Tigard, OR with Lou Gerricks disease and can not live by herself. She is slowly getting weaker and loosing her muscle strength. My mom is Christian and has worked hard all her life.  I will be going that way to visit her in Feb. And I know it will be hard for me. I need my mom and appreciate all your prayers or any recommendations. Thank you for all your prayers. ~Angela McPhetridge  01-12-10


Three Students at Pine Ridge High School Commit Suicide -- 70 more are at risk of Suicide.  We received a message from Robert B. Cook, principal of Pine Ridge High School sent by Cindy Catches who asks for your prayers.  Oglala Sioux Tribe President Theresa Two Bulls declared a state of emergency Thursday (Dec. 10th) in the face of overwhelming numbers of suicides and suicide attempts on South Dakota's largest reservation. Each death is a tragic story and reflection of the dire circumstance facing native youth on reservations.  12-21-09


Peter Bowden (Byron Bay, Australia) is hospitalized with pneumonia -- partially as a result of contracting chronic obstructive pulmonary disease after many years as a professional swim instructor.  Peter practices aboriginal medicine to benefit the people of his area.  Peter is a good person who now needs our healing prayers.  ~Lynn Guy 12-17-09


Albert Granger (Michigan) still has lung cancer is holding his own but still needs continued prayers.  Is now out of the hospital and moved from Blythe, CA back to Michigan. Granger is a retired U.S. Air Force, Viet Nam veteran ~Eagle Star  11-14-09


Graham Osceola Waters (Australia) Cancer has has resurfaced. "The hospital stopped my hormone treatment six months ago and I knew things weren't right, now it's a day at a time.  All praying for me at my church and I still play the big drum at church.  I am trying to finish so much, it's hopeless" said Osceola. We are sending him love and healing as are others here in Oz and we'd be grateful for the prayers and love from our Manataka family too .... thank you.  ~Lynn Guy  10-20-09






Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 



Crossing Over...


Chief Phillip Martin (Choctaw, MS) Former Choctaw Tribal Chief died at the age of 83 on February 04, 2010.  Chief Phillip Martin, the former Choctaw Indian Tribal leader who served in public office for 48 years and helped to lead his people from abject poverty to unprecedented growth and prosperity. Services will be Monday, Feb. 8, 2010, at 11 a.m. from Holy Rosary Catholic Church, off Mississippi 19 south.  Visitation will be Saturday from 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sunday from noon until 5 p.m. in McClain-Hays Funeral Home. Burial will be in the church cemetery.  ~Harvey Moore  02-07-10


Pat Red Wing Prather  (New Boston, TX) - our dear friend and wonderful member of Manataka died Tuesday, Jan 19, 2010 in a Texarkana hospital  born June 24, 1952.  A member of Unity church in Texarkana.  She was hospitalized due to recurrent cancer. Please offer up prayers for Pat.  ~Angela Gates  01-16-10 


Patti Blue Star Speaks Burdette (Hot Springs, AR)  February 28, 1956  -  January 15, 2010.  Patti is a long-time member of Manataka and a respected elder.  She was selected to be the Ceremonial Elder in 2006.  See Memorial and Celebration of Life for Patti Blue Star Speaks Burdette


Ruth Thompson Wilson, 88, CA  the last surviving daughter of one of the Tuolumne Me-Wuk Rancheria’s founding families and a champion of Native American culture, died December 26 of cancer.


John Rohn, (Dallas, Texas)  It is with great sadness I share with you the passing of one of the great legends in the personal growth and business industry yesterday, Jim Rohn on December 5, 2009.  Jim was a mentor to millions of individuals and had an incredible influence in my life as well. One of his greatest quotes is: "I wish for you a life of wealth, health, and happiness; a life in which you give to yourself the gift of patience, the virtue of reason, the value of knowledge, and the influence of faith in your own ability to dream about and achieve worthy rewards."  Our thoughts and prayers are with Jim's family at this time. I leave this quote of Jim's for you to think about as you move forward in your life to achieve success, "Success is not so much what we have as it is what we are."  May God be with you ....  Your partner and brother in the call to enhance our world… Johnny Wimbrey  12-06-09

Maise Shenandoahm, 77, Oneida, NY  July 12, 1932 - December 2, 2009, Wolf Clan Mother - Oneida Nation, Haudenosaunee Confederacy.  Surrounded by her loved ones, Mary “Maisie” Shenandoah, YakolihunyΛni, “She Teaches,” has passed into the spirit world. Born July 12, 1932 on the Onondaga Nation Territory south of Syracuse, NY. Daughter of the late Mary Cornelius Winder and Samuel Winder, Maisie was a Wolf Clan Mother of the Oneida Nation of the Haudenosaunee (Six Nations Iroquois) Confederacy in New York State. As a clan mother she had the duty of  selecting leaders from within her clan, serving as a political adviser, spiritual leader and spokesperson for the Oneida people.  Primarily an educator and matriarch of the Oneida people, she was also a performing artist, tribal historian, an avid collector of Native  American art and an astute businesswoman. Maisie operated a trading post, participated in American Indian gatherings throughout the country and organized hundreds of cultural and education presentations in the northeast. Throughout her travels she encouraged Native American people to look with pride upon their heritage and to assert their rights as indigenous nations with kindness and friendship. After her marriage to Onondaga Chief Clifford Shenandoah they moved their family back to the ancestral territory of the Oneidas in 1961 and re-established a dynamic Oneida presence in the region. Her life’s dream, as passed on to her by her mother, was to create a homeland for all Oneidas.







In Memory of Bill Prezwoznik

Bill Silver Fox Prezwoznik was one of the four founders of Manataka.  His wisdom and love guided Manataka through its infancy and his words and unselfish deeds are often remembered.  We love you Bill.


In Memory of Corbin Harney

Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.  He loved and cared for his family, friends and all creation.



In Memory of Granny Messenger

She had over a 1,000 grandchildren but never bore a child. Her memory will live with us forever.  Veronica Messenger was a wonderful school teacher, political activist, owner of "Granny's Junkology" and constant supporter of Manataka.  She was loved greatly.   


In Memory of Lance Selvidge

Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham

We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever.  (picture: Members of the Kootenai-Salish Tribe assist with her funeral. Greg Gilliham, Little Rock.

In Loving Memory of Jesse William "Stretch" Devereaux

Born: February 11, 1980, Santa Paula, California

Entered to Rest: July 29, 2009, Blythe, California


It was a great honor for Jesse to participate in Bear Dance Purification Lodge ceremonies on the Tule River reservation at Porterville, California.   A memorial service was conducted on August 15 by the Zion Lutheran Church and an American Indian memorial ceremony was conducted on the sacred Manataka on December 5, 2009.


Always Remember

That special smile

That caring heart

That warm embrace

You always gave us

We'll always remember

You being there.

Through good and bad times

No matter what.

We'll always remember

You because

There'll never be another

To replace you in our hearts.

And the love we will always

Have for you.






The January 2010 Elder Council meeting was held by teleconference with all Elders present and a quorum declared by the chair.  


The opening prayer was given by Daniel Seven Hawk Eyes Hoffman. 


Minutes:  November minutes were sent to Elders immediately following the meeting and were approved with no changes.

Finance Report:       


Old Business: (a) Venezuela Tribal Representatives - King Coke and Daniel Hoffman.  b) World Drum Project Flag Contest - Lee Standing Bear.  (c) Hopi Nation Letter


New Business:  


Committee Reports:   

(a)  Counseling Committee:   Robert Gray Hawk Coke and Daniel Seven Hawk Eye Hoffman;  

(b)  Ceremonies:  Patti Blue Star Burdette; 

(c)   Donations:    

(d)  Smoke Signal:  Lee Standing Bear Moore

(f)   Women's Council: Rebecca Flaming Owl Moore 



Closing Prayer:              




Manataka American Indian Council Elders and Committee Leaders

  • David Quiet Wind Furr, Chairman

  • Becky Flaming Owl Woman Moore, Women's Council Chair  

  • Patti Blue Star Speaks Burdette, NAGPRA / Ceremonies Committee Leader

  • Lee Standing Bear, Secretary / Historian / Counseling / Smoke Signal News

  • Robert Gray Hawk Coke, Education Committee Leader

  • Daniel Seven Hawk Eyes Hoffman - Events Elder

  • Linda Two Hawk Feathers James - Spiritual Advisor

  • Linda VanBibber, Public Relations Committee Leader

  • Bobby Runninbear, Membership Committee Leader


Elders frequently communicate by telephone and email. Any member who wishes to appear before the Elder Council is invited to write or call 501-627-055 to be placed on the agenda. 







Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902



1.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.


2.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.  Memorial ceremonies are given several times a year on the sacred mountain.


NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway, Krogers and other stores are great. 






Try Native Remedies for Pets:




100's of native herbal remedies!


Cure the Cause

Don't just treat the symptoms  


100% Natural - Organic - No Side Effects

Manufactured under strict guidelines
60-day Money-back Guarantee










A Great NEW Gift IDEA for the Holidays




Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett, Georgia

Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk, Texas

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle, Jr., Kentucky

Carol Henderson, California

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

John and Linda James, Missouri

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Grandmother Selma Palmer, Florida

Carol Perez Petersen,  California

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee

RedWing and Gray Beard Vinson, Tennessee

Osceola Birdman Waters, Australia

Waynonaha Two Worlds, New York

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

Liora Leah Zack, California


Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

Dr. Joseph Mercola

Organic Consumers Association

Elvina Jean Paulson

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty, Lakota

Union of Concerned Scientists

Qwina H. and Irma West, Piaute

Amy Worthington, Idaho







Disclaimer, Trademark and Copyright Information

Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest in viewing the
material for research and educational purposes.  This is in accordance with Title 17 U. S. C. section 107. Reprinted under the Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law.  Non-profit/Teaching/Educational


©2009 ManatakaTM American Indian Council.  The word "Manataka" is a registered trademark exclusively owned by the Manataka American Indian Council.  Use of this trademark without the expressed written permission of MAIC is prohibited and violators will be prosecuted. 15 U.S.C. Section 1051(a), (b).  The Smoke Signal News is copyrighted in its entirety and no reproduction, republishing, copying, or distribution is permitted without the expressed written permission of MAIC is strictly prohibited and violations will be prosecuted.