Manataka American Indian Council   Volume XIl  Issue 10 SEPTEMBER 2008


Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow



Page 3 of 3




Announcement: Open Attendance at Manataka Gatherings
History: Exemplar of Liberty: Chapter 9 American Synthesis

Grandfather Hawk Speaks Speaks:

 Grandfather King Coke Speaks:

Family: A True Blessing

Healing With Love Part 3

Feature Story: U.S. must return land seized in 1877
Elder's Meditations: Frank Fools Crow, Lakota
Women's Circle: Betty Marie Tall Chief
Food & Nutrition: Keep It Wild
Book Reviews: The Talking Earth
Poetry Circle: My Vision, My Dream
Healing Prayer Basket: Crossing Over, Sickness, and Memorials
Manataka  Business: Meetings, Protocols, Events





Attendance Policy Change

Open the doors and let 'em in!  The upcoming Fall Gathering will have no restrictions on attendance - members and nonmembers alike may join in the prayerful ceremonies.  Current members, former members and guests are not required to request an invitation.  Manataka will continue to not advertise or promote Gatherings to the public.


Renew your membership today!





The June issue features Chapter 9 American Synthesis of a 13 Part  series on the founding of the United States of America and the previously misunderstood and often discounted, yet tremendous contributions of American Indians in the process.    


Exemplar of Liberty:

Native America and the Evolution of Democracy

By Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr. and Dr. Bruce E. Johansen

Original Artwork by John Kahionhes Fadden
Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.



Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.

Chapter 1 - Vox Americana

Chapter 2 - Perceptions of America's Native Democracies

Chapter 3 - Natural Man In An Unnatural Land

Chapter 4 - Ennobling 'Savages'

Chapter 5 - Errand In The Wilderness

Chapter 6 - White Roots Reach Out

Chapter 7 - Mohawks, Axes and Taxes

Chapter 8 -  A New Chapter

Chapter 9 American Synthesis


Chatper 10  - "Kindling a New Grand Council Fire" Coming in November 2008




By Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman



Family: A True Blessing


We have all been taught from childhood that family is very important.


What a wonderful act of love is shown by the Creator by giving us life and providing the family arrangement. The father has the responsibility to earn a living for his family. Often times this is very hard to do. With jobs being scarce and money being hard to earn sometimes the head of the household finds that they may have to work two jobs just to make ends meet.


With that in mind, the father may be irritable when he arrives home after a long day earning his wages so the family is able to have meals set before them. The mother has a never ending task of providing meals, sewing new clothing, washing cloths and cleaning the house. Cooking often times is shared by some of the older female members of the family. We as family members should show how much we appreciate our parents and older siblings who provide for us.





Grandfather Speaks



Healing With Love Part 3

By Robert Gray Hawk Coke


How does a person safely celebrate one’s loving Spirit and Soul? It is  easy when the process is understood and practiced.


First, you must know the difference between sexuality and sensuality. We will only talk about Sensuality here. There is absolutely no place in this interaction for sexuality.


Here are the fast rules you must follow.


A. The expression of love must never be a sexual play.


B. Have a clear open heart without selfish intent when touching another person.


C. You must receive permission before touching another.


D. Permission may be granted in several ways. Smiles, open arms, expression in the face and eyes are  all common ways of communicating receptiveness.  Of course, the most definite permission is the spoken word.


E. The love given must be pure and be given unconditionally. My definition of pure love is “love given before it goes through your own filters.”


F. Expect "nothing" in return. This is your crucial test.


Women are more comfortable than men in speaking complimentary words to others . This is good but it is not celebrating or sharing love to the Spirit/Soul of the person. Our goal is to find something about the Spirit/Soul to celebrate. Women are comfortable commenting on the appearance of a person, room or table, while men tend to comment on one’s performance or on cars, sports, or the economy. What many do not understand is that while all compliments touch and nurture the soul, the Spirit/Soul needs more direct acknowledgement.









U.S. must return land seized in 1877 to Lakota

By Ned Blackhawk
Posted February 28, 2007


Today is a sad day in American-Indian -- and American -- history.


130 years ago, the federal government broke its own laws and eventually used military force to seize illegally the once vast reservation homelands of Lakota communities known as the Black Hills.


This seizure in 1877 violated the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, and deepened one of the most enduring tragedies in American-Indian history. In a single generation, the largest and most powerful American Indian confederacy on the continent confronted deadly attacks on its territory and populace.


The assault at the Black Hills culminated in the infamous December 1890 massacre at Wounded Knee, where the U.S. military unleashed overwhelming firepower against a band of Lakota along the banks of a creek known as Wounded Knee.


Even the staunchest defenders of U.S. military actions recognize the tragic nature of this conflict. And these events remain seared into Lakota history.


The 1868 Fort Laramie Treaty was a historic achievement for Lakota leaders who, despite a generation of white expansion, negotiated a favorable recognition of Lakota sovereignty over what is now western South Dakota, including the sacred Black Hills.


Lakota bands displayed remarkable political and military resolve during the 1860s, particularly through their concentrated attacks along the Bozeman Trail.


Weary of war, in 1868 U.S. and Lakota leaders returned to negotiations. The result: a congressionally ratified reservation covering the western half of South Dakota.


This "Great Sioux Reservation," with recognized hunting lands in Montana, now became the Lakota's indisputable homeland to be held in trust by the federal government.


But the 1874 discovery of gold in the Black Hills ruptured this agreement. It brought illegal occupations of the Sioux Reservation that remain contested to this day. As historian Jeffrey Ostler writes, "Forced to choose between expansion and honor, (President) Grant, not unlike many of his predecessors, sacrificed the latter," opening the reservation to waves of intruders.


Many Lakota, in turn, fled their besieged reservation to Montana, defeating the U.S. Cavalry at the Little Big Horn before being forcibly returned to fragments of their reservation.


U.S. courts have recognized the illegality of these actions and offered modest payments, but the Lakota nations remained determined to get the Black Hills returned to tribal communities.


The conflict continues 130 years later.


It may be hard to imagine the federal government "returning" lands to American Indians, but it shouldn't be. Given the remarkable strides made recently by American Indians across the country, American Indians now maintain increased political and economic visibility.


The once poorest of the poor are now helping balance legislative budgets, and Indian communities in California, Wisconsin, Washington and elsewhere maintain effective partnerships with state governments.


American Indian nations stand poised to gain further autonomy and self-sufficiency, and many justifiably see the Black Hills, particularly the Black Hills National Forest, as mismanaged federal lands. Meanwhile, timber and mining corporations are eyeing the Black Hills for themselves.


The Lakota have religious and legally recognized ties to these federal lands, and the U.S. government must act now to rectify its violations. National leaders need to recognize and reverse the failures of the past.



Blackhawk is associate professor of history and American Indian Studies at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Write him at Progressive Media Project, 409 East Main St., Madison, WI 53703; or e-mail him through 02-28-2007




No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.



Native Giving

Recordings of the FBI at the Pine Ridge Reservation.............

The neighbor, "Hello, is this the FBI??

"Yes, this is the FBI what do you want?"

"I'm calling to report my neighbor Billy Two Teeth, he's an Indian and he's hiding marijuana inside his firewood."

"Thank you very much for the call, sir."

The next day, the FBI agents descend on Billy Two Teeth's house. They search the shed where the firewood  is kept. Using axes, they bust open every piece of wood, but found no marijuana. They swore and cursed at Billy Two Teeth and left.

The phone rings at Billy Two Teeth's house, it's the neighbor, "Hey, Billy! Did the FBI come?"


"Did they chop your firewood?"


"Well Merry Christmas Buddy!"














"...remember and think about the closeness of Wanka-Tanka.  If they live in this wisdom, it will give them endless strength and hope." –Frank Fools Crow, Lakota


The value of staying close to the Creator is the immediate help we have available to us whenever we need it. I can listen to the whisper of my heart for this is the place He communicates with me. Staying close helps me remember that we are here to serve Him and to help other people. The Grandfathers are my direct access to wisdom. He who has wisdom has everything. If we have wisdom, then we will see our lives become more effective in the areas of jobs, relationships, family, friends and finances.


My Creator, today grant me the wisdom

 to seek Your wisdom.

Help me to Walk of the Red Road.

By Don Coyhis







Betty Marie Tall Chief

A brief biographical sketch

by Mark D. Lacy


Born a mixed-blood named Betty Marie Tall Chief, daughter of an Osage father and Scotch-Irish mother, Maria Tallchief spent eight years in the Indian lands of northeastern Oklahoma. She was born in the small town of Fairfax, Oklahoma in 1925.

Like so many Oklahomans, her family moved to Los Angeles in 1933. She enjoyed music and dancing, and practiced being a star -- a considerably challenging dream for a Native American child in those days.

Reporting her story would be interesting, regardless of her accomplishments. She would surely have fascinating experiences as she looked back at her mixed Indian and European heritage, her eight years in the Osage Hills north of Tulsa, her journey to California and life among the many people in Los Angeles. After all, those were the days when people became rich with oil fields and poor with dusty crops.








Keep It Wild

by Winona LaDuke


It's Manoominike Giizis, or the Wild Rice Making Moon, here on the White Earth reservation in northern Minnesota. The sound of a canoe moving through the wild rice beds on the Crow Wing or Rice lakes, the sound of laughter, the smell of wood-parched wild rice and the sound of a traditional drum at the celebration for the wild rice harvest links a traditional Anishinaabeg or Ojibwe people to a thousand years of culture and the ecosystem of a lake in a new millennium. This cultural relationship to food -- manoomin, or wild rice -- represents an essential part of what we need to do to repair the food system: We need to recover relationship.


Wild rice is the only North American grain, and today the Ojibwe are in a pitched battle to keep it from getting genetically engineered and patented. A similar battle is under way in Hawaii between Native Hawaiians and the University of Hawaii, which recently agreed to tear up patents on taro, a food sacred to Native Hawaiians. At one point "agriculture" was about the culture of food. Losing that culture -- in favor of an American cultural monocrop, joined with an agricultural monocrop -- puts us in a perilous state, threatening sustainability and our relationship to the natural world.


In the Ojibwe struggle to "keep it wild," we have found ourselves in an international movement of Slow Food and food sovereignty activists and communities who are seeking the same -- the recovery or sustaining of relationship as a basic element of our humanity and as a critical strategy. In the Wild Rice Making Moon of the North Country, we will continue our traditions, and we will look across our lakes to the rice farmers of the rest of the world, to the taro farmers of the Pacific and to other communities working to protect their seeds for future generations, and we will know that this is how we insure that those generations will have what they need to be human, to be Anishinaabeg.





The Talking Earth

By Jean Craighead George



Everglades Swamp

"In the swamp, time had no minutes or hours, just years and ages, and so Billie Wind felt the timelessness, and it was not until late in the afternoon that she untied her boat and drifted on down the river, going somewhere she did not know. The river widened, narrowed, turned; taking her, it seemed, into the very soul of the swamp where all answers must lie."



This passage is from the wonderful book The Talking Earth by naturalist Jean Craighead George; my 13 year old daughter handed it to me and said, "Mom, you'll like this." I highly recommend this book for children and adults.

From the book jacket:

"(13 year old) Billie Wind lives with her Seminole tribe. She follow their customs, but the dangers of pollution and nuclear war she's learned about in school seem much more real to her. How can she believe the Seminole legends about talking animals and earth spirits? She wants answers, not legends.

'You are a doubter,' say the men of the Seminole Council, and so Billie goes out into the Everglades (the pa-hay-okee) alone, to stay until she can believe. In the wilderness, she discovers that she must listen to the land and animals in order to survive...she begins to understand that the world of her people can give her the answers she seeks."

Fiction; recommended for children ages 10 and up.  Copyright 1983 published by HarperCollins children's books



Voice of the Hawk Elder

Click on the book of your choice






My Vision, My Dream

by Osceola Birdman Waters


My feet tread upon ancient ground,
Dust of decades passed puff up and around my feet,
I gaze up towards a home now abandoned,
In cliffs that hold untold secrets,
Ancient dust and feet of a lonely warrior in a lonely place,
A bronzed and dusty body does not tier,
Old beyond my years,
Yes I am old beyond my years.

My feet tread upon ancient ground,

dust only leaves foot prints of the moment,
They are gathered up and swept away,

in wind that whispers of secrets
of a time now gone,

Traces of old water channels cross this dry inhospitable land,
Life though is abundant,
Wild and evolved within our mother,
Seasons come and go,
Flowers of beauty appear,
Then disappear,

Animals and birds multiply than die,
Reptiles hunt at night,
Use the sun during the day,
On bed rock they lay,
Old beyond my years,
Yes I am old beyond my years,

The hot sun bears down upon a body that does not feel pain,
Does not know hunger,
Never gets thirsty,
Never sleeps,
Wanders from horizon to horizon,
I cast no shadow,
And I can hear the voices of the past,

The drums beat for me
Images dance in star lite skies,
Falling stars mark the way from heavens door,
Yes I am old beyond my years,
Yes I am old beyond my years,

At night I see distant fires,
Chants are carried by the wind,
Wild horses gallop in ghostly images,
Through darkened plains of mystery,
The golden moon hides behind clouds of shame,
As buffalo bones begin to glow,
I hear the wolves howl but there no where to be seen,
I wander and wander through centuries upon centuries,
I wait with patient anticipation for a time of renewal,

For the arrival of Hvtke Yvnvsa, Tutanka,
The white buffalo,
Yes old beyond my years,
Yes I am old beyond my years,

Peace will fall upon our mother earth,
No wars will corrupt the land,
People will be of one nation,
The human race,
All will be of the rainbow,
Colours will merge and weld in camouflage,
No colour distinctive,
No colour prominent,
No people dominant,
No nation superior,
This is why I wander,

I wait for this time of renewal,
That's why time and age does not wrinkle my face,
I am the searcher of the moment,
The right time,
When the earth will return to a time of sanity,






Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.




Crossing Over...

Audrey L. Link, Founder, Director and President of the Link Center Foundation ( in Longmont, Colorado tragically and suddenly passed away on Monday, September 22, 2008, due to a brain aneurysm and massive cerebral hemorrhage.  She was 68 years old. Born July 25, 1940 in Johannesburg, South Africa of American parents, Audrey came back to the United States at the age of 17.  Throughout her life in North Carolina and, later, in New Mexico, her strength and creativity expressed itself through many years as a nurse and home remodeler as well as stained glass artist, artwork framer, and master carpenter and wood-worker.  Audrey began to assist various cultural preservation projects and conferences for the Lakota Nations as a volunteer.  She was also Treasurer and Board Member of the all-volunteer Wambli Ho, Voice of the Eagles non-profit organization in Colorado and a regular contributing author to its internet Wambli Ho News from 2002-2006.  Additionally, Audrey was instrumental in organizing winter holiday toy drives for the Porcupine District of the Pine Ridge Reservation for many years.  In March, 2002, she was inspired to found the Link Center Foundation (LCF) by her long-held vision to work to promote peace on earth and respect for all life.  Link Center Foundation is her grassroots, all-volunteer effort to fulfill her dream of people helping people. ~Stephanie M. Schwartz 09-30-08


Leon Secatero (NM) Spiritual Elder of the I’nabeho (Navajo) of the Canoncito Band of Navajo. On his sacred path, Leon Secatero, keeper of the sacred grounds, the Headman of the Canoncito Band of Navajo, worked many years for indigenous causes and sovereignty. In concert with the Maya, Apache, Cherokees, Navajo and other tribal prophecies, he has been sought out and invited by indigenous spiritual leaders in the Western Hemisphere, Australia, Europe and Russia to advance the causes of tribal sovereignty and unification. He has spoken many times at the United Nations where he presented a Resolution for Human Rights. Please let the people know that they may hold his spirit and that of his family in their prayers.  


Leon held the dream of a New and Beautiful world where we were the same and that in that oneness we find peace.  May we hold the dream of being one with our brothers under the sun. When ever I hear the wind in the canon, I will remember this beautiful one with his small quick stepping walk sharing the beauty of the land and all it's mysteries.  I find it bitter sweet knowing that his biology is no longer struggling and in pain.


Leon will continue to illuminate our path with inspiration, holding the dream that peace among the Five Fingered  ones, the vision of one humanity with many faces.  He will whisper through the trees, and Fly with the Eagles! May the memory of his laughter and his teachings lift our spirit!  He will shine in the petroglyphs, and warm our hearts when ever we look into the sun!   I will always be blessed in knowing Grandfather Leon, his joy, generous nature and teachings!   ~Isabella Schmidt 09-29-08


Michael Baker, Guallala, CA, 54, suffered from a brain tumor.  He was of Sioux - Pomo ancestry of the Bear Clan. Michael was spiritual, searched for truth, protective and had a loving heart.  Michael is survived by his mother Rose, one brother, Gerald Dale and three sisters. ~Simone F. Caulderwood  09-18-08


Rita C. Colston, Millington, TN, 55, died Saturday, September 13, 2008. Rita was of Cherokee/ Catawba descent and was the owner of Red Wolf Native Crafts. She was a long time Treasurer for the American Indian Association of Millington and the current Treasurer of the Turtle Island Native American Association of Tennessee. She was a member of the Memphis Tia Piah Warrior Society Big River Clan and actively participated in native American events in several different states as a dancer and vendor.


Donald Portwood, Eureaka Springs, AR - I want to ask Manataka to remember us in prayer.  The father of my oldest daughter and my very dear friend was killed in a motorcycle accident August 13. In his life, he walked (or rather rode; he had a passion for motorcycles) the Good Red Road.  He was a caring personal of great personal integrity.  He will be cremated and his ashes scattered in Eureka Springs. ~ Linda Bear Woman Speaks 08-16-08


Grandfather Cyril O. Taylor entered the spirit world on July 9, 2008. Words cannot do justice to the wonderful human being he was. Many were touched by his kindness, words, deeds and actions to help the many native communities he was involved with. His parents were Carib from the Island of Dominica and immigrated to the United States before Cyril was born. He grew up in the Baltimore area and served in the U.S. Army during the Vietnam War. After retiring from the U.S. Army, he joined the Baltimore Police Department. When he retired from the police force in 1993, he spent the last 15 years of his life helping the native community in a variety of ways. Throughout his life he had strong ties with the Carib community of Dominica as well as other native groups on the East Coast. He was a member of the American Indian Society in Virginia, a respected adopted member of his wife Marie's tribe, the Meherrin of North Carolina, and a strong Sundance supporter at the Tayac Sundance in Maryland. He was involved with the weekly Capitol Hill Native Prayer Breakfast as an organizer and speaker. He was the Honorary Consul of the Lokono-Arawak Nation of South America, a founding member and elder of Biaraku: First People of a Sacred Place, as well as an elder and Liason Officer for the United Confederation of Taino People. He helped organize many events as well as host native travelers in his home. He gave moral, spiritual and economic support to native people throughout the Americas.Grandfather Cyril was a strong supporter of UCTP.He adovocated for indigenous women's rights and contributed to the work of the Bohio Atabei.  A Cherokee elder remarked upon meeting him, "There goes a holy man".  ~ Gina Robles-Villalba 08-08-08

Bear Heart was admired and inspired by many.  He wrote the book "The Wind is My Mother" Bear Heart crossed to the spirit world today Monday, August 4, 2008. Our prayers to his family and large extended family. ~Gram Selma. (Photograph art by Selma.)



Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury, Troubles...


Owain -- is a 6 year-old boy. He has fish and a cat that he loves to play with--he is a very gentle and loving boy -- we lift him up on high so that God can reach into his body and heal this brain cyst. Our Father is very loving to each of his children--bless you--we love this little boy-- Jimmy Springett 09-02-08


Marcia Shore, Huntington, WV  Neck surgery for cancer treatment on September 9. "I'll get me a wig and put a head dress on it and I'll see you in October."  My favorite daughter  ~Helen RedWing Vinson  08-27-08


Timothy Spabel, 44, Lakeland, FL.  Disabled vet with benign tumor near the right ear.  Nephew of Henrietta Eagle Star Devereau  07-20-08


Pastor Frank Sayford, 64, Philadelphia, PA.  In St. Mary Medical Center for arterial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. He is in good hands.  Ask God to watch over my father.  ~Kim Summer Moon Sayford-Wilson  07-01-08


Graham Osceola Waters, Darwin, Australia.   Valiantly fighting cancer. Osceloa is of Muskogee American Indian descent.  He is a great artist and walks in beauty with his tireless efforts to benefit the Henbury School in the Northwest Territory.  All of Manataka is praying for this wonderful man.  We are doing healing work and ask for your prayers.  Lynn Smith-Guy,  06-09-08




Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 





In Memory of Bill Prezwoznik

Bill Prezwoznik was one of the four founders of Manataka.  His wisdom and love guided Manataka through its infancy and his words and unselfish deeds are often recalled.


In Memory of Corbin Harney

Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.  He loved and cared for his family, friends and all creation.



In Memory of Granny Messenger

She had over a 1,000 grandchildren but never bore a child. Her memory will live with us forever.  Veronica Messenger was a great woman. Anonymous Contributor  


In Memory of Lance Selvidge

Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.


In Memory of Ruby Gilliham

We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever.  (picture: Members of the Kootenai-Salish Tribe assist with her funeral. Greg Gilliham, Little Rock.






Elders met on Sunday, September 21.  Two Elders were absent and no official business was conducted.  Robert Gray Hawk Coke led the invocation and blessing ceremony.  


Minutes - August minutes were not read. Minutes were sent to Elders and approved via email.

Treasury - The August Treasurer's Report was not read. Manataka has zero debt and the income accounts remain strong.  Bear again suggested the inventory be updated.  Except for real property, all inventory has been depreciated. 

Donations - A letter of thanks from Bernard F. Barcena Jr., chairman of the Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas was read.  Not action was taken on a proposal to donate to an Arizona tribe.

NAGPRA (Native American Grave Preservation and Repatriation Act) - Blue Star Speaks, chair.    

Public Relations - Linda VanBibber, chair.  The draft CD insert into the Manataka CD by Forefathers was passed out to Elders amid compliments. A formal announcement from the PR chair will be forthcoming regarding the purchase of land. 

Property Purchase -  Draft layout drawings of the land was sent to Elders for comment. Elders had a lengthy discussion about clean up and development plans. 

Secretary Communications - MAIC received over 980 communications in August.  No communications remain unanswered.

Gray Hawk suggested that teaching seminars be scheduled during all future gatherings.  A lengthy discussion led by Gray Hawk centered around future gatherings.

Announcements - None. 

The meeting closed with prayer led by Robert Gray Hawk Coke.


Details of the Elder Council meeting were presented to the general membership following the meeting.





NOTICE 1:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 


NOTICE 2:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge.  In case of inclement weather (rain, sleet, snow, below 40 degrees) we meet Ryan's Restaurant located at 4538 Central Avenue across from Hot Springs Mall.


Gatherings are normally held on the 3rd weekend of June (closest to the Summer Solstice) and the 3rd weekend of October (closest to the Winter Solstice).  The date of the Spring Encampment varies from year to year. 


NOTICE 3:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Becky Moore


Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902


1.  30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.


2.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.


3.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.  Memorial ceremonies are given several times a year on the sacred mountain.





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Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476


Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett, Georgia

Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk, Texas

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

John James, Missouri

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Grandmother Selma Palmer, Florida

Carol Perez Petersen,  California

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee

RedWing and Gray Beard Vinson, Tennessee

Osceola Birdman Waters, Australia

Waynonaha Two Worlds, New York

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

Liora Leah Zack, California

August Issue Contributors:

Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr.  

Valerie Eagle Heart

Dr. Bruce E. Johansen

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Dr. Joseph Mercola

Organic Consumers Association

Elvina Jean Paulson

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty, Lakota

Union of Concerned Scientists

Qwina H. and Irma West, Piaute

Amy Worthington, Idaho












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