Manataka American Indian Council

 

 

 

 

American Indian Medal of Honor Recipients

 

20th century

American Indians have been among those soldiers to be distinguished by receiving the United States' highest military honor: the Medal of Honor. Given for military heroism "above and beyond the call of duty," these warriors exhibited extraordinary bravery in the face of the enemy and, in two cases, made the ultimate sacrifice for their country.

 

Korean War

 

Master Sergeant Woodrow W. Keeble Wahpeton Sioux from North Dakota 164th Infantry Regiment, Korea. Keeble served in the U.S. Army in WW II and Korea.  He also received the Distinguished Service Cross, the Silver Star, the Bronze Star, two Purple Hearts and the Combat Infantryman BadgeMaster Sergeant Woodrow W. Keeble  posthumously received the Medal of Honor during a White House ceremony on March 3, 2008. 

 

 

 

Mitchell Red Cloud Jr. A Winnebago from Wisconsin, and a Corporal in Company E., 19th Infantry Regiment in Korea. On 5 November 1950, Red Cloud was on a ridge guarding his company command post when he was surprised by Chinese communist forces. He sounded the alarm and stayed in his position firing his automatic rifle and point-blank to check the assault. This gave his company time to consolidate their defenses. After being severely wounded by enemy fire, he refused assistance and continued firing upon the enemy until he was fatally wounded. His heroic action prevented the enemy from overrunning his company's position and gained time for evacuation of the wounded.

 

 

Raymond Harvey Captain, U.S. Army, Company C, 17th Infantry Regiment. Taemi-Dong, Korea, 9 March 1951. Capt. Harvey Company C, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. When his company was pinned down by a barrage of automatic weapons fire from numerous well-entrenched emplacements, imperiling accomplishment of its mission.

 

 

Charles George. A Cherokee from North Carolina, and Private First Class in Korea when he was killed on 30 November 1952. During battle, George threw himself upon a grenade and smothered it with his body. In doing so, he sacrificed his own life but saved the lives of his comrades. For this brave and selfless act, George was posthumously award the Medal of Honor in 1954.

 

Books about Navajo Code Talkers

 

World War II

Jack C. Montgomery. A Cherokee from Oklahoma, and a First Lieutenant with the 45th Infantry Division Thunderbirds. On 22 February 1944, near Padiglione, Italy, Montgomery's rifle platoon was under fire by three echelons of enemy forces, when he single-handedly attacked all three positions, taking prisoners in the process. As a result of his courage, Montgomery's actions demoralized the enemy and inspired his men to defeat the Axis troops.

Ernest Childers. A Creek from Oklahoma, and a First Lieutenant with the 45th Infantry Division. Childers received the Medal of Honor for heroic action in 1943 when, up against machine gun fire, he and eight men charged the enemy. Although suffering a broken foot in the assault, Childers ordered covering fire and advanced up the hill, single-handedly killing two snipers, silencing two machine gun nests, and capturing an enemy mortar observer.

Van Barfoot. A Choctaw from Mississippi, and a Second Lieutenant in the Thunderbirds. On 23 May 1944, during the breakout from Anzio to Rome, Barfoot knocked out two machine gun nests and captured 17 German soldiers. Later that same day, he repelled a German tank assault, destroyed a Nazi fieldpiece and while returning to camp carried two wounded commanders to safety.

Ernest Edwin Evans United States Navy.  Killed in Action. Commander, US Navy. Earned the Navy Cross, Bronze Star Medal. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of the U.S.S. Johnston in action against major units of the enemy Japanese fleet during the battle off Samar on 25 October 1944. From Pryor, Oklahoma. 

Roy W. Harmon.  Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 362d Infantry, 91st Infantry Division. Near Casaglia, Italy, 12 July 1944. From Talala, Oklahoma.  Sgt. Harmon's extraordinary heroism, gallantry, and self-sacrifice saved a platoon from being wiped out, and made it possible for his company to advance against powerful enemy resistance.

John N. Reese, Jr.  Rank and organization: Private First Class, US Army, Company B, 148th Infantry, 37th Infantry Division. Paco Railroad Station, Manila, Philippine Islands. 9 February 1945. He was engaged in the attack on the Paco Railroad Station, which was strongly defended by 300 determined enemy soldiers. By his gallant determination in the face of tremendous odds, aggressive fighting spirit, and extreme heroism at the cost of his life, Pfc. Reese materially aided the advance of our troops in Manila and providing a lasting inspiration to all those with whom he served.

 

19th Century

Alchesay. Sergeant, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Entered service at: Camp Verde, Arizona. Born: 1853, Arizona Territory. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

Blanquet. Indian Scout. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

Chiquito. Indian Scout. Place and date: Winter of 1871-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

 

Co-Rux-Te-Chod-Ish (Mad Bear). Sergeant, Pawnee Scouts, U.S. Army. Place and date: At Republican River, Kansas, 8 July 1869. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Nebraska. Date of issue: 24 August 1869. Citation: Ran out from the command in pursuit of a dismounted Indian; was shot down and badly wounded by a bullet from his own command.
 

Elsatsoosu. Corporal, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.
 

 

Pompey Factor. Private, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875.   Birth: Arkansas. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875. Private, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875.   Birth: Arkansas. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875. With 3 other men, he participated in a charge against 25 hostiles while on a scouting patrol.

 

 

Jim. Sergeant, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Winter of 1871-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona Territory. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.
 


Kelsay.
Indian Scout. Place and date: Winter of 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.


 

Kosoha. Indian Scout. Winter of 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.
 

Machol. Indian Scouts. Place and Date: Arizona, 1872-73. Birth: Arizona. Date of Issue: 12 April 1875. Private, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: Arizona, 1872-73. Birth: Arizona. Date of Issue: 12 April 1875.  Gallant conduct during campaign and engagements with Apaches.
 

Nannasaddie. Indian Scout. Place and date: 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.
 

 

Nantaje (Nantahe). Indian Scout. Place and date: 1872-73. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 12 April 1875. Citation: Gallant conduct during campaigns and engagements with Apaches.

 


 

Adam Paine.  Private, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Tex., 26-27 September 1874. Entered Service At: Fort Duncan, Texas. Birth: Florida. Date of Issue: 13 October 1875. Private, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: Canyon Blanco tributary of the Red River, Tex., 26-27 September 1874. Entered Service At: Fort Duncan, Texas. Birth: Florida. Date of Issue: 13 October 1875. Rendered invaluable service to Col. R. S. Mackenzie, 4th U.S. Cavalry, during this engagement.

 

 

Isaac Payne. Trumpeter, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875. Birth: Mexico. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875. Trumpeter, Indian Scouts. Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875. Birth: Mexico. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875.  With 3 other men, he participated in a charge against 25 hostiles while on a scouting patrol.

 

 

Rowdy. Sergeant, Company A, Indian Scouts. Place and date: Arizona, 7 March 1890. Entry of service date unknown. Birth: Arizona. Date of issue: 15 May 1890. Citation: Bravery in action with Apache Indians.

 

 

 

John Ward.  Sergeant, 24th U.S. Infantry Indian Scouts Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875. Entered Service At: Fort Duncan, Tex. Birth: Arkansas. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875. Sergeant, 24th U.S. Infantry Indian Scouts Place and Date: At Pecos River, Tex., 25 April 1875. Entered Service At: Fort Duncan, Tex. Birth: Arkansas. Date of Issue: 28 May 1875.   With 3 other men, he participated in a charge against 25 hostiles while on a scouting patrol.

 

 

 

Related Resources:

        20th Century Warriors: Introduction

        Navajo Code Talker Fact Sheet

        Navajo Code Talker Dictionary

        American Indian Medal of Honor Winners 
        Navajo Code Talkers in World War II:  A Bibliography 
        Navajo Code Talker Dictionary   

 

Books about Navajo Code Talkers

 

Credits: Prepared for the United States Department of Defense by CEHIP Incorporated, Washington, DC, in partnership with Native American advisors, Rodger Bucholz, William Fields, Ursula P. Roach. Washington: Department of Defense, 1996.) http://www.history.navy.mil/faqs/faq61-1.htm  Department of the Navy, Naval Historical Center, 805 Kidder Beese SE, Washington, Navy Yard, Washington, D.C. 20374-5060

http://www.medalofhonor.com/

http://www.history.army.mil/moh.html

http://www.homeofheroes.com/

 

 

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