Manataka American Indian Council                      Volume XI  Issue 10 OCTOBER 2007


SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow 

 

 

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Faster download!  The Smoke Signal this month is on 3 web pages.

 

 


 

Contents:              

PAGE

3

Hill & Holler: Cherokee Nation To Lose Funds

3

History: A Warrior Cared For by Wolves

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3

Grandfather Hawk Speaks:

Grandfather Bennie Lebeau:

Signs of The Times

The Warriors of Old

3 Feature Story:

UN approves Declaration of Indigenous Rights!

3

Elder's Meditations: Starleaf, Shinnecock 

3

Women's Circle: Winona LaDuke

3

Women's Council: Manataka Drum Society Grows

3

Diet Watch: Facts on Honey and Cinnamon

3

Book Reviews: Three Great Adventures in Reading Await You

3

Poetry Circle: Salmon Song

3

Inspirational Thought:: The Attitude of Three Hairs

3

Healing Prayer Basket: Speak it into Reality

3

Manataka  Business:

 

 


         

HILL & HOLLER COLUMN

By Susan Bates

News and Notes From Indian Country


Cherokee Nation To Lose Funds
 

When the Cherokee Nation voted to expel 2900 descendants of the Freedmen last March, they didn't realize what a hornet's nest they were unleashing.

Reaction from Washington has been swift and severe. According to a report in the Northwest Arkansas News, Representative Melvin Watt, D-N.C., has introduced a bill that would keep the Cherokees from receiving federal housing assistance dollars, while other members of the Congressional Black Caucus have introduced legislation in the House to sever federal ties with the Cherokee Nation unless Freedmen are given full citizenship.

The Bureau of Indian Affairs has administratively blocked the Cherokees' decision to expel Freedmen from the tribe.

A lawsuit over the vote is now in tribal courts. Meanwhile, Freedmen continue to receive full tribal benefits.

So how sovereign can a Nation be if it takes money from the United States of America?
 

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Murrow Children's Home Could Use A Hand


When Reverend J.S. Murrow began taking orphan and homeless Indian children into his home after the Civil War, he didn't realize he was starting something that would still be in operation into the 21st century.

Based in Muskogee, Oklahoma, the  Murrow Children’s Home currently houses 19 Indian children who have suffered physical and sexual abuse as well as abandonment due to alcohol and drugs. The small adult/child relationship assures plenty of attention to each child.

Seventy-five percent of the home's funds come from Church donations, the remainder from private donations and a small percentage from tribes. But donations directed to the Murrow Home have decreased because of the recent, national catastrophes. Recently the Home almost closed down due to lack of funds, but so far has managed to hang on.

Although children from any tribe in Oklahoma may find a home there, only two tribes support it. The Creek Nation donates $17,500.00 per year and the Cherokee Nation donates $5,000.00.

School time is here and just like other families, the Murrow Children need school supplies. I know times are hard for all of us, but if you have a little money to spare, this would be a good place to put it.


Here is a list of school and other supplies the home could use:
Loose leaf paper, spiral notebooks, crayons, pencils, pens, colored pencils, 8 oz. Elmer's Glue, Crayola markers, Pencil boxes, Kleenex, Pocket folders, Highlighters,
Scissors and Backpacks.


The school could also use cleaning supplies such as Laundry Soap, Bleach 30 gal. trash bags, Comet, dish soap, dishwasher soap, shampoo and conditioner, toothbrushes and toothpaste, deodorant, lotion, brushes, combs, toilet paper, napkins, towels, wash cloths, twin sheet sets and comforters.


They need UPC labels from the back of Campbells Soup cans. For more information� you may contact Michaela at 918-682-2586
 

If anyone can sponsor a child, they also offer a Sponsorship Program. This costs $25 a month and goes toward special education expenses such as campus tutors, extracurricular school activities, transportation to visit relatives and other special needs. Each child is in need of 5 sponsors. Any groups or individuals interested in sponsoring a child, need to Contact Susan at 918-682-2586

For more information you can contact the home directly and speak with Director Joan Brown at:
Murrow Indian Children's Home
2540 Murrow Circle
Muskogee, Okla. 74403
918-682-2586

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Susan Bates

susanbates@webtv.net

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HISTORY....  Kinda...

 

 

A Warrior Cared for by Wolves

A Seneca Myth



Among the Seneca there was a war chief named Ganogwioeon.  Once, with ten men, he went on the warpath to the Cherokee country. They found the Cherokees on the watch and could do nothing.

Then the chief said to his men, "I'll go alone to their village." And after dark, leaving his men in the woods, he went to the Cherokee village.

In the first cabin he came to, he found an old woman and her granddaughter. They didn't see him. He crept into a little place where they kept wood.

After dark the old woman said to her granddaughter, "Maybe Ganogwioeon is around here. I'll shut the door," and she spoke a word of warning to Odju, her granddaughter. The chief heard this.

After a while the girl said, "It is time to sleep."

The chief heard this also and heard the girl going up the ladder to sleep above, meanwhile talking with her grandmother, who was below.

The old woman fastened the door of the little wood house, with bark strings and fastened the chief in, leaving the door to the cabin unfastened.

After waiting till the old woman was asleep, the chief went into the cabin. The fire had burned down to coals but he could see the ladder that the girl had climbed. He went up. The girl was not asleep and was about to scream when he said, "If you scream I'll cut off your head. The chief of this village has a daughter. If you will get her to come into the woods with you I will spare your life." Odju said, "In the morning, as soon as the grass is dry, I will go to the chief's house and ask his daughter to come with me to gather wood."

READ MORE...

 


 

THE HAWK SPEAKS

 

Signs of The Times

Once again the summer months are coming to a close. For those of us who have lived to see many summers come and go, the days seem to pass more quickly. As we grow older we see in the news where many people throughout this great land are suffering from sicknesses, food shortages and other pestilences. Where we once hunted and fished the land for food, we can see evidence of the greed and corruption of man.

 

Our waters have been contaminated with an abundance of pesticides and herbicides used by the farmers who are mainly interested in making a large amount of income.

 

Large factories contaminate the air that we breath as well as the environment where the rabbit we once hunted is becoming extinct. Once we could hunt for just a few hours and get the limit and now it takes all day just to find one or two rabbits.

 

More and more people are becoming to lazy to put in a personal garden to feed their family the necessary fruits and vegetables needed to sustain life. If the people do not wake up and do something to clean up the air and water, soon there will be no more places to hunt or fish.

 

Most people these days do not put their trust in the Creator but rather do 'Their Own Thing!

 

On a lighter note: My 7 year old great grandson, Daniel Winter Hawk Hoffman  came to visit me several weeks ago.

 

As he sat on my lap he rubbed my face with his tiny hand he said, "Gramps, you sure have a lot of wrinkles! Did God Make You?"

 

I said "Yes but that was a long time ago little Hawk." He went to the mirror hanging on the hallway wall and rubbed his little face.

 

He turned around looking at me and asked, "Did God Make Me Gramps?"

 

I said, "Yes he did."

 

Little Winter Hawk then said as he rubbed his face noticing no wrinkles, "Boy God sure has made a lot of improvements!."

 

Yes, from the mouths of babes, words of wisdom continue to flow.
 

A'ho

 

Hawk With Seven Eyes

 

Daniel Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman is a founding member of the Taylorville Black Horse Powwow, Inc,' a nonprofit 501(c)(3) charitable and educational organization. He has given presentations at schools in Central Illinois area on the history, culture and religious beliefs of the Native American people for over 27 years. Hawk and members of his group present dance demonstrations for children who along with their teachers are invited to dance.  Hawk believes children are the future.  

 


 

 

BENNIE LeBEAU

Bennie E. "Blue Thunder" LeBeau Sr., an enrolled member of the Eastern Shoshone Nation, Wind River Indian Reservation, Ft. Washakie, Wyoming is a MAIC Newsletter Correspondent.  His "Teton Rainbow" and Earth Wisdom columns are regular features on these pages.  Blue Thunder, Teacher from among the Eastern Shoshone people.

 

The Warriors of Old have sent many messages in dreamtime and other ways from spiritual realm. As Nations Unite in the Souls We Walk, together in peace, love, and honor in respect for healing the emotions of humanity.

 

I thought that you might be interested in considering communicating with us as we continue to work to heal our environments in nature, by sealing with ceremonies the holes dug into Mother Earth. She is charged with the life force and blessed by the Great Spirit, the Sun, through our Sacred Sites.  She shares this life force with all of the living things in creation. This energy gives us our bodies the electrical magnetic energy charge, by which our spirits survive on the surface of Mother Earth. Known as our Spirit.

 

Wherever we have not followed the Earth Protocols of the Indigenous Wisdom and Knowledge cutting or digging holes in her body, not knowing we have wounded Her Heart Energy. Our Mother Earth’s bleeding heart energy leaks from these wounds, The energy bleeding away is the life force of all beings upon Her and weakens the areas, manifesting as droughts, forest fires, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes and tsunamis, nature is on the move because of the development of the sacred sites.   

 

The Creator, our Father, and our Mother the Earth has together sent dreams and instructions to heal the environments before the coming of the great shift, when the power of the Great Spirit within the Sun will increase.  The purification process is happening now and will continue as we move towards the Mayan Calendar date of 2012. 

 

In the near future, many sacred serpents will rise from the underworld and fix any cuts or holes, which have not been repaired or sealed by us in using our Earth Healing Ceremonies.  This means every last hole that has been dug or cut, developed in greed into our Mother: such as roads, pipe lines, buildings, water lines, train tracks, tunnels, changing the waterways etc., these holes of development which are under the houses, casinos, high rise buildings, you name it.  If we have not followed the Earth Protocols of the Indigenous Wisdom and Knowledge when cutting or digging holes in her body, those who live in the neighbor hoods or homelands will pay a price.  Those who heal with reverence the areas where we live will be all right in the days ahead.  Those that do not move to heal those holes in her and purify the Earth, Wind, Fire and Water with our Creation Ceremonies will be in trouble.  Natures force within the Earth, Wind, Fire and Water are on the move, Mother Earth is in control under the supervision of the solar flares coming from the Central Sun, The Great Spirit.

 

Healing all that has been imprinted with negative actions can and will be re-harmonized, re-purified and cleansed by us in the Creation Ceremonies or by Mother Natures Forces. She is giving us time to consider doing this and to act, but we do not have much time left.  This means all nations who are asleep at the wheel and do nothing but TALK peace will not HAVE peace, unless they consider and act upon considering the messages that have been sent to help our families and relatives of all Nations. 

 

The many messages say that ALL cultures are children of Mother Earth. No matter what their ancestors have done in the past, they are to be forgiven by each individual now, clearing all what has happened in the past and the present as we move into the future.  There is no one to blame but us for our thoughts and actions, we must all now deal with all that has been passed down from our ancestors' actions, considering the new actions to take immediately. All the thoughts and actions of all Nations -- positive and negative -- have caused what has happened to Mother Earth and us.  Now is the time to move forward, getting over what took place in the past, present and coming into peace for the future depends upon our actions, without delay.

 

We as Indigenous Tribal Nations must consider our teachings of Peace, sharing our wisdom and the knowledge in healing ceremonies. In healing our differences we   must consider and recognize that no Nation is entirely innocent.  Today, just as in the past, many of our own have forgotten the Ancient Wisdom and Knowledge warring with one another, adoring the War Bonnets, that were once of Peace.  The messages say that many of the White, Black, Yellow and even the Red Nations will not change.   Many who will not come to Peace will suffer the consequences of their actions cursing their families by their actions. Many will perish by the Sword of their own souls' actions and thoughts. 

 

The Great Spirit and Mother Earth love us so much, they are working together in overtime to help all nations remember peace and the ways of our ancestors.  Mother Earth and the Great Spirit (God) sends messages to us, asking for us to consider; that our Mother shares the Winds, Waters, Mountains, Valleys, Trees, Flowers, Animals, and all of the subsistence for life. She shares all things equally and asks, "What has happened to us?  Where has our generosity and integrity gone?  We can re-establish many sacred actions we carry as Indigenous Nations.  In this way, we can re-educate the White, Black, Yellow, Red and Brown Nations with the wisdom and knowledge needed for peace.

 

This is the time of prophecy: it is not too late to protect our families from the great purification process that is happening right in front of our eyes; around the world and here in the Americas.  This is a time for peace in our hearts healing our many differences in all Nations Families.  We must turn our backs from each other, turning facing each other now, looking into each and everyone’s' eyes, in order to heal the past injustices that many have done to each other, including us as Indigenous Nations.  No one is exempt from these actions; the entire Worlds Nations’ Ancestors wounded each other in the past 500 years, seven generations to survive. 

 

We ask for sacred thoughts that many of our sisters and brothers of all Nations have receive through messages in dreams, manifesting the wisdom. From the Heart of the Rose  wisdom of peace prevails within all nations.  We can consider sending peace from our hearts and actions so that together we can help all our children heal from the anger and hate of the last seven generations of all Nations. From the past, present and future that is living within us all simultaneously, that is the last Severn Generations rolled into one in our beings.  The many messages say we can and we will clear the way for our children for the next seven generations to live together in purity, peace, and in true freedom.

 

As we move forward working together, we can heal our homelands where we live, by supporting one another in the coming hours of darkness arriving everyday and joining the healing ceremonies. As the soil, wind, fire and water prepare to cleanse all that is not cleared by our Indigenous Ceremonies Recreating Nature in Beauty and Harmony.  We as Indigenous Nations have the power to recreate Mother Nature and restore harmony. By healing the wounded sacred sites that hold the life force together for all living things.  We have the creation stories and ceremonies to do this. We offer sacred instructions asking all nations to consider and remember the Creation Ceremonies: 

 

Blessings are to you and your families. May we heal all that is and walk in the beauty upon our, Mother Earth, for she will restore to us the beauty that once was. All that we ask we shall receive when we do the ceremonies in peace with all cultures and nations. Mother Earth will respond to all that we ask as she recreates harmony in our healing ceremonies.   We ask for many blessings for each and everyone in humanity, may we all walk in peace, beauty and harmony as we begin to remember all that was and shall be once again. For we are the ones we have been waiting for, mentioned in the Hopi Prophecies.    

 

Thank you for your time and consideration on these Sacred Messages. 

Blessings Be Ours!

 

www.tetonrainbows.com - www.viisionslifeforcefoundation.com  -  www.earthwisdomfoundation.com

 

 


 

FEATURE...

 

UN General Assembly approves

Declaration of Indigenous Rights!

 

Congratulations to all indigenous peoples and supporters!  In a historic vote, the UN General Assembly approved the Declaration of Indigenous Rights.


The vote is the climax of 22 years of intensive debate and negotiation. Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States voted against the declaration, while 143 nations voted in favor and eleven abstained.

UNITED NATIONS (AFP) — The UN General Assembly on September 13 adopted a non-binding declaration protecting the human, land and resources rights of the world's 370 million indigenous people, despite opposition from Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United States.

The vote in the assembly was 143 in favor and four against. Eleven countries, including Russia and Colombia, abstained.

The declaration, capping more than 20 years of debate at the United Nations, also recognizes the right of indigenous peoples to self-determination and sets global human rights standards for them.

It states that native people have the right "to the recognition, observance and enforcement of treaties" concluded with states or their successors.

Indigenous peoples say their lands and territories are being threatened by such things as mineral extraction, logging, environmental contamination, privatization and development projects, classification of lands as protected areas or game reserves and use of genetically modified seeds and technology.

UN chief Ban Ki-moon hailed the vote as "a historic moment when UN member states and indigenous peoples have reconciled with their painful histories and are resolved to move forward together on the path of human rights, justice and development for all".

But Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United States, countries with sizable indigenous populations, expressed disappointment with the text.

They said they could not support it because of their concerns over provisions on self-determination, land and resources rights and giving indigenous peoples a right of veto over national legislation and state management of resources.

Among contentious issues was one article saying "states shall give legal recognition and protection" to lands, territories and resources traditionally "owned, occupied or otherwise used or acquired" by indigenous peoples.

Another bone of contention was an article upholding native peoples' right to "redress by means that can include restitution or when not possible just, fair and equitable compensation, for their lands and resources "which have been confiscated, taken, occupied, used or damaged without their free, prior ad informed consent".

Opponents also objected to one provision requiring states "to consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples ...to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources, particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources."

Indigenous advocates note that most of the world's remaining natural resources -- minerals, freshwater, potential energy sources -- are found within indigenous peoples' territories.

"Unfortunately, the provisions in the Declaration on lands, territories and resources are overly broad, unclear, and capable of a wide variety of interpretations, discounting the need to recognize a range of rights over land and possibly putting into question matters that have been settled by treaty," Canada's UN Ambassador John McNee told the assembly.

A leader of Canada's native community, Phil Fontaine, slammed his government's stance.

"We're very disappointed with Canada's opposition to the declaration on indigenous peoples," said Fontaine, leader of Assembly of First Nations, who came to New York to lobby for adoption of the text.

Canada's indigenous population totals some 1.3 million people, out of a total population in 32.7 million.

Adoption of the declaration by the assembly had been deferred late last year at the initiative of African countries led by Namibia which raised objections about language on self-determination and the definition of "indigenous" people.

African countries were won over after co-sponsors amended an article to read that "nothing in the declaration may be ...construed as authorizing or encouraging any action which would dismember or impair, totally or in part, the territorial integrity or political unity of sovereign and independent states".

The declaration was endorsed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council last year.

 


FUNNY BONES

No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.

 

How Smart Is Your Right Foot?

This is so hilarious and it will boggle your mind.  Keep trying it at least 50 times to see if you  can outsmart your right foot.  Bet you can not do it!

1.    While sitting at your desk, lift your right  foot off the floor and make clockwise circles with it.

2.    While doing this, draw the number "6" in  the air with your Right Hand.

 

        Your foot will change directions every time!!!

I told you so... And there is  nothing you can do about it.

Make sure you pass  this on to your friends... They won't be able to do it either!!!

 

~Submitted by Bobby Joe Runninbear

 


 

ELDER'S MEDITATION

But first, let us join hands and pray."  -Starleaf, Shinnecock 

 

Where two or more human beings are joined together for a common cause, the helpers and the Grandfathers will show up to help. When our Indian people come together, the Elders say, "always pray first - do a ceremony and ask the Creator to be with us and to help us. We can never pray enough." The Elders also say, "pray in a circle because the Creator made things in circles. When we stand in a circle and pray together, a sacred hoop will

form above the people. This is the spiritual way."

 

Oh, Great Spirit,

through my prayers I can

find Your guidance.

I pray You guide my path today.

Touch my life with Your holy breath.

By Don Coyhis


 

WOMEN'S COUNCIL

YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED TO JOIN

THE MANATAKA WOMEN'S COUNCIL

'CIRCLE OF FRIENDS'

 

The Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friends'; meets the first Saturday of each month at 11:30 a.m. until 2:00 p.m. Coffee is provided, food and other soft beverages are brought by individuals to share. Please remember to bring your drums or other musical instruments to meetings. (When meetings are held at Gulpha Gorge please bring a lawn chair, something to drink, and a snack to share.)  Meeting are held at various locations during bad weather -to find out where.

 

Regular Membership Meetings - Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR
October 6 Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR

November 3

Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR
December 1 Gulpha Gorge Campground, Hot Springs, AR
   

The Manataka Drum Society is growing with more singers joining.  Weekly practice sessions is where new songs, food and laughter are enjoyed by everyone.  Contact: Amanda Morningstar at:

 

Donations of nonperishable food items, toiletries, and bio-friendly cleaning supplies will be accepted and are greatly appreciated. Requests for assistance are year-round.  Please send or bring.

 

Please direct any questions our comments to Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper' Moore

 

Join Us!

 


 

WOMEN'S CIRCLE

 

 

Winona LaDuke Speaking to an Assembly of the Indigenous Women's Network in Beijing, China

 

 

"...The Earth is our Mother.  From her we get our life . . .  and our ability to live.

 

It is our responsibility to care for our Mother, and in caring for our Mother, we care for ourselves. 

 

Women, all females are the manifestation of Mother Earth in human form. We are her daughters and in my cultural instructions --Minohimaatisiiwin-- we are to care for her.

 

I am taught to live in respect for Mother Earth. In Indigenous societies, we are told that Natural Law is the highest law, higher than the law made by nations, states, municipalities and the world bank.

 

That one would do well to live in accordance with Natural Law, with those of our Mother. And in respect for our Mother Earth of our relations-- indinawaymuguni took..."

 

-Winona LaDuke, Mississippi Band of Anishinaabe, White Earth Reservation, Minnesota, was a 2000 Vice Presidential candidate under the Green Party ticket. LaDuke was named Woman of the Year by Ms. Magazine in 1997 and won the Reebok Human Rights Award in 1998. She is the founder of the White Earth Land Recovery Project in Minnesota, the Indigenous Women's Network, and Honor the Earth.She is an author, teacher, and human rights activist.

 

 


 

DIET WATCH

 

FACTS ON HONEY AND CINNAMON

It is found that mixture of honey and cinnamon cures most of the diseases. Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world.


Scientists of today also accept honey as a "Ram Ban" (very effective) medicine for all kinds of diseases. Honey can be used without any side effects for any kind of diseases.


Today's science says that even though honey is sweet, if taken in the right dosage as a medicine, it does not  harm diabetic patients.


Weekly World News, a magazine in Canada, in its issue dated 17 January, 1995 has given the following list of diseases that can be cured by honey and cinnamon as researched by western scientists.

HEART DISEASES: Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, apply on bread, chappati, or other bread, instead of jelly and jam and eat it regularly for breakfast. It reduces the cholesterol in the arteries and saves the patient from heart attack. Also those who already had an attack, if they do this process daily, are kept miles away from the next attack. Regular use of the above process relieves loss of breath and strengthens the heart beat. In America and Canada, various nursing homes have treated patients successfully and have found that as you age, the arteries and veins lose their flexibility and get clogged; honey and cinnamon revitalizes the arteries and veins.
   
BLADDER INFECTIONS: Take two tablespoons of cinnamon powder and one teaspoon of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and drink it.  It destroys the germs in the bladder.
   
TOOTHACHE: Make a paste of one teaspoon of cinnamon powder and five teaspoons of honey and apply on the aching tooth. This may be applied three times a day until the tooth stops aching.
   
CHOLESTEROL: Two tablespoons of honey and three teaspoons of cinnamon  powder mixed in 16 ounces of tea water, given to a cholesterol patient, was found to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood by 10% within 2 hours. As mentioned for arthritic patients, if taken 3 times a day,  any chronic cholesterol is cured. As per information received in the said journal, pure honey taken with food daily relieves complaints of cholesterol.
  
COLDS: Those suffering from common or severe colds should take one tablespoon lukewarm honey with 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon powder daily for 3 days. This process will cure most chronic cough, cold and clear the sinuses.
   
UPSET STOMACH: Honey taken with cinnamon powder cures stomach ache and also clears stomach ulcers from the root.
   
GAS: According to the studies done in India &Japan, it is revealed that if honey is taken with cinnamon powder the stomach is relieved of gas.
  
IMMUNE SYSTEM: Daily use of honey and cinnamon powder strengthens the  immune system and protects the body from bacteria and viral attacks. Scientists have found that honey has various vitamins and iron in large amounts. Constant use of honey strengthens the white blood corpuscles to fight bacteria and viral diseases.
    
INDIGESTION: Cinnamon powder sprinkled on two tablespoons of honeytaken before food, relieves acidity and digests the heaviest of meals.
   
INFLUENZA: A scientist in Spain has proved that honey contains  natural ingredient which kills the influenza germs and saves the patient from flu.
  
LONGEVITY: Tea made with honey and cinnamon powder, when taken  regularly, arrests the ravages of old age. Take 4 teaspoons of honey, 1 teaspoon of cinnamon powder and 3 cups of water and boil to make like tea. Drink 1/4 cup, 3 to 4 times a day. It keeps the skin fresh and soft and arrests old age.
   
PIMPLES: Mix three tablespoons of honey and one teaspoon of cinnamon to make a powder paste. Apply this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it next morning with warm water. If done daily for two weeks, it removes pimples from the root.
    
SKIN INFECTIONS: Apply honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts to cure eczema, ringworm and all types of skin infections.
   
WEIGHT LOSS: Daily in the morning 1/2 hour before breakfast on an empty stomach and at night before sleeping, drink honey and cinnamon powder boiled in one cup water. If taken regularly, it reduces the weight of even the most obese person. Also, drinking this mixture regularly does not allow the fat to accumulate in the body even though the person may eat a high calorie diet.
    
CANCER: Recent research in Japan and Australia has revealed that advanced cancer of the stomach and bones have been cured successfully. Patients suffering from these kinds of cancer should daily take one
tablespoon of honey with one teaspoon of cinnamon powder for one month 3 times a day.
   
FATIGUE: Recent studies have shown that the sugar content of honey is more helpful rather than being detrimental to the strength of the body. Senior citizens who take honey and cinnamon power in equal parts are more alert and flexible.
  
Dr. Milton who has done research says that a half tablespoon honey taken in a glass of water and sprinkled with cinnamon powder, taken daily after brushing your teeth and in the afternoon at about 3:00 p.m. when the vitality of the body starts to decrease, increases the vitality of the body within a week.
   
BAD BREATH: People of South America first thing in the morning gargle with one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon powder mixed in hot water, so their breath stays fresh throughout the day.

 

 


BOOK REVIEW:

 

Manataka Recommended Reading

 

 

1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus

Charles Mann

Knopf Publishing Group

Hardcover, 480pp  $26.95 + s/h

 

"In the last 20 years, archaeologists and anthropologists equipped with new scientific techniques have made far-reaching discoveries about the Americas. For example, Indians did not cross the Bering Strait 12,000 years ago, as most of us learned in school. They were already here. Their numbers were vast, not few. And instead of living lightly on the land, they managed it beautifully and left behind an enormous ecological legacy. In this riveting, accessible work of science, Charles Mann takes us on an journey of scientific exploration. We learn that the Indian development of modern corn was one of the most complex feats of genetic engineering ever performed. That the Great Plains are a third smaller today than they were in 1700 because the Indians who maintained them by burning died. And that the Amazon rain forest may be largely a human artifact. Compelling and eye-opening, this work will vastly alter our understanding of our history and lands."  By Peter Johnson.

 

A groundbreaking study that radically alters our understanding of the Americas before the arrival of the Europeans in 1492.

Traditionally, Americans learned in school that the ancestors of the people who inhabited the Western Hemisphere at the time of Columbus's landing had crossed the Bering Strait twelve thousand years ago; existed mainly in small, nomadic bands; and lived so lightly on the land that the Americas was, for all practical purposes, still a vast wilderness. But as Charles C. Mann now makes clear, archaeologists and anthropologists have spent the last thirty years proving these and many other long-held assumptions wrong.

In a book that startles and persuades, Mann reveals how a new generation of researchers equipped with novel scientific techniques came to previously unheard-of conclusions. Among them:

• In 1491 there were probably more people living in the Americas than in Europe.
• Certain cities- such as Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital- were far greater in population than any contemporary European city. Furthermore, Tenochtitlán, unlike any capital in Europe at that time, had running water, beautiful botanical gardens, and immaculately clean streets.
• The earliest cities in the Western Hemisphere were thriving before the Egyptians built the great pyramids.
• Pre-Columbian Indians in Mexico developed corn by a breeding process so sophisticated that the journal Science recently described it as "man's first, and perhaps the greatest, feat of genetic engineering."
• Amazonian Indians learned how to farm the rain forest without destroying it- a process scientists are studying today in thehope of regaining this lost knowledge.
• Native Americans transformed their land so completely that Europeans arrived in a hemisphere already massively "landscaped" by human beings.

Mann sheds clarifying light on the methods used to arrive at these new visions of the pre-Columbian Americas and how they have affected our understanding of our history and our thinking about the environment. His book is an exciting and learned account of scientific inquiry and revelation. 

BUY NOW!

List Price: $32.95 + s/h

Sale Price: $25.95

 

 


 

BOOK REVIEW

 

 

CP560 - ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATIVE AMERICAN HEALING by William S. Lyon
Huge Resource. This monumental volume explores, explains, and honors the healing practices of Native Americans throughout North America, from the southwestern U.S. to the Arctic. Designed for ease of use with maps, a detailed subject index, extensive bibliography, and cross references, this book is sure to fascinate anyone interested in Native American culture and heritage. Illustrations, maps. Paperback: 373 pages; 88" x 10.26" x 7.28" 
ON SALE! Was $33.95  Now only $23.95 + s/h

 

This monumental volume explores, explains, and honors the shamanic healing practices of Native Americans throughout North America. From the Southwestern United States to the Arctic Circle.

Healing traditions in Native American cultures offer a glimpse into a rich and varied world of belief systems and spiritual practices. Covering over 350 years of history. More than 1200 entries in this book introduce readers to renowned Native American healers and to the societies and divisions into which healers were categorized. It describes sacred objects used in healing rituals and how such objects were used, as well as plants used to increase healing powers. Types of healing ceremonies are vividly pictured, and the symbolic motifs used in healing rituals are explained along with the major concepts that formed the many diverse Native American healing traditions. Major scholars of native american healing are introduced, complete with firsthand accounts of their experiences. Entries include:

Helika, the form of supernatural power used by Kwakiutl Shamans for curing. Naitulgai, the Wailaki dream doctors who cured by singing healing songs shown to them in dreams. Aenichit, a powerful Clayoquot Shaman who healed the sick and was known to lift liquid water out of a bucket as though it were frozen.

Designed as an easy to use, comprehensive synthesis of centuries of study, with maps, a detailed subject index, an extensive bibliography, and cross-references, this book will fascinate anyone interested in Native American culture and heritage.

William S. Lyon is a professor of anthropology at the Center for Religious Studies at the University of Missouri, Kansas City, and the author of Black Elk: The Sacred Ways of a Lakota.
 

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ON SALE! Was $33.95 

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Voice of the Hawk Elder

by Edna Gordon, edited by Harvey Arden

 

"This book is dedicated to my People, the Seneca Nation, to our kindred Peoples of the Haudenoshaunee, or Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy, to all the Indian Nations of Great Turtle Island, and to  all other Indigenous Peoples around this Mother Earth.  I send it out like an arrow of love from my heart to YOUR hearts!

 

If  other folks want to read it too, why, that’s fine by me. Might be you even learn something! This book is FULL of secrets for those who understand'm! But always remember, the BIGGEST secret is Creation itself!

 

YES, THIS IS MY VOICE. These are my words. My good friend Harvey [Arden] has helped me sort and arrange them, like he’s done for lots of good people over the years, even back when he worked at National Geographic. He fixes my spelling and spruces up my grammar here and there, though I tell him, not too much, Harvey! I want folks to know who I am and how I really talk and what I’m really like. Don’t make me some saintly old lady come down from Heaven on a moonbeam spoutin’ high-flown words.

 

Me, I’m just me, Grandma Edna Gordon, Hawk Clan Elder of the Seneca Nation, Six Nations Iroquois. I just turned 85, and am tryin’ my darndest to be a good person. Sometimes I succeed, but don’t stay around me when I get mad! I’m a raging hawk.

 

People’mselves aren’t holy. But what they do can be holy. Living a holy life, that’s what life’s for. Helping others, fighting injustice, standing up for the People—those are holy things to do.  But always be sure to remember, it ain’t you yourself who’s holy. People are just people. If God’d wanted’m to be holy, he’d have given’m wings and set’m up on a cloud somewhere playin’ a big gold harp.

 

ISBN: 0975443712; ISBN-13: 9780975443712, Paperback.  Publisher: Have You Thought Price: $21.95 

 

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POETRY CIRCLE...

 


Salmon Song

T

here is a song born in my bones
It lives on my tongue
And sings the salmon home

Like the story of the chicken and the egg
It is a song
That goes in a circle

I sing the song by the river
No salmon touches my lips
Until it is sung

Come home from the ocean
I sing you this song
I know your way is long

Come follow the taste of your past
Drifting through spring runoff
Minute memories of your birthplace

Come home from the ocean
Return to the beginning to
Struggle and spawn and die

Be brave young salmon
This is your destiny
To return to the streams of your birth

You are our life, our nourishment
So bring all your kin
Let the feasting begin

Build the ladders, restore the streams
These places are holy
The streams where salmon breed

See them quiver and dance
Making a gravel bed
Mating patterns ancient and beautiful

There is a song born in my bones
It lives on my tongue
And sings the salmon home.

Judi "axnaatsinvaanahich" Armbruster
www.geocities.com/jarm1948/
5/07

 

 

 

 

 


INSPIRATIONAL MESSAGE

 

The Attitude of Three Hairs

There was once a woman who woke up one morning, looked in the mirror and noticed she had only three hairs on her head.

"Well," she said, "I think I'll braid my hair today," so she did and she had a wonderful day.

The next day she woke up, looked in the mirror and saw she had only two hairs on her head.

"HMM," she said, "I think I'll part my hair down the middle today," and she did and she had a grand day.

The next morning she woke up, looked in the mirror and saw she had only one hair left on her head.

"Well," she said, "Today I'm going to wear my hair in a pony tail."  So she did and it was a fun, fun day.

The next day she woke up, looked in the mirror and noticed that there wasn't a single hair on her head.

"YEAH!" she exclaimed, "I don't have to fix my hair today!"

Remember you may not be able to control what someone says or does or some of the situations that life throws you, but you can sure control the way you react.

~Author Unknown~

Excerpt from Mountain Wings- www.mountainwings.com

Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett

 


 

HEALING PRAYER BASKET

Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.

 

 

 

Crossing Over...

 

Wari Martin, Mohawk (Akwesasne NY),  who used to own White Deer Trading Post in Cold Spring has passed on.
 

Roy Black Bear (NY) who used to own Black Bear Trading Post near Esopus has passed on.
 

Albert Brosius (TN) - I lost 1 friend to cancer this past week he died on the full of the moon at 4am. I thought is was a sad lost in my heart, but was happy it was on the moon. I don't think it could have been nothing but the best time for him to cross. Tsi Runninbear  09-01-07

 

Twylah Nitsch had dropped her robes and made her final walk.  She was known by many and touched the hearts with her teachings. For me she was my friend and helped me through some difficult times in my life. Without her encouragement I would not have found my path. May her spirit help us all from the other side and in our remembering of her may her teachings live on. If you had the honor of meeting her you will remember her wonderful sense of humor and the wisdom she spoke to us all.  Waynonaha Two Worlds 08-21-07

 

Horse Family - three members of the Billy Evans Horse family were found in a submerged minivan after a flash flood near Carnegie, OK.  Dorita Horse, 77, wife of Billy Evans Horse, chairman of the Kiowa tribe, their daughter, Helen Horse, 34, and a niece Rose Saddleblanket, 17, all of Carnegie were last seen when their vehicle rolled off State Highway 58.  Billy Evans Horse witnessed the van drift away as he stood helplessly atop a stalled truck.  The Horse family was returning from a powwow in Lawton, Oklahoma.  Gram Selma  08-20-07

 

Jamie Pierce (Horton, AL)  Daughter of Wonda and Mark Pierce died recently in an automobile accident.  Jamie loved attending powwows. Jamie help edit the Misty Mountain News. She is survived by two daughters, Heaven and Echo.  Please keep the family in your prayers.  Jennifer Whitefeather Attaway  08-07-07

 

Corbin Harney (TurtleIsland). Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation crossed over at 11:00 a.m. this morning in a house on a sacred mountain near Santa Rosa, CA (Turtle Island). He had dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.

That battle claimed his life through cancer.
Corbin also authored two books: “The Way It Is: One Water, One Air, One Earth” (Blue Dolphin Publishing, 1995) and a forthcoming book, “The Nature Way”. Numerous documentaries have been made about his work and message. 07-10-07  http://www.shundahai.org/index.html#statement
 

Andrew “Andy” Moody (Johnson City, WV) 85, a Monacan Indian dropped his "robes" July 1, 2007. He was a lifelong resident of Johnson City and a veteran of the US Army serving in World War II in the 35th Combat Engineers Regiment and Battalion.  He received a Purple Heart. He was a faithful and longtime member of the Locust Street Church of Christ where he had served as a Deacon. Mr. Moody was in the construction business for many years. He was a well-known swimmer at the Legion Street pool for many years and had never met anyone who he was not friendly to. He will be greatly missed by all who knew him.  ~Helen RedWing 07-04-07
 


 


Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury, Troubles...

 

 

Shanan (Florida) I wrote last week telling the good news that she is now cancer free, but she is back in the hospital!  Her  mother is a breast cancer survivor and on and off chemotherapy.   Her parents are my elders. Thank you one and all. Gram Selma 10-08-07

 

Bernard Belvin Jr. (Texas)  Has been given a "Clean Bill of Health" -- No sign of cancer now Prayers offered up the Creator heard and answered.. I know the prayers from the Mountain and other places were heard.  Thank You God and the People of Manataka Red Wing 10-04-07

 

Clover. Diagnosed with having a mini-stroke in April and then diabetes, type 2 and M.S. I will also offer prayer for all here.  ~Duane Rowland  09-01-07

 

Daniel Seven Hawk Eyes Hoffman (Springfield, IL)  Grandfather Hawk underwent surgery today.  We pray for his speedy recovery.  ~Bear 08-15-07

 

Manataka Prayer Warriors: Mama Possum in Hawaii says lava flows, hurricane and earthquake creating much suffering. The earthquake was 5.3 on the scale.  Her last statement was "Please pray for Hawaii!"  Helen Redwing Vinson 08-14-17

 

Shelton Robinson (Cordova, TN) Please pray for my sister in law and her husband  Elaine and Shelton Robinson  Shelton was diagnosed with prostrate cancer. Helen Red Wing Vinson 08-14-07

 

Good news.  Shelton's cancer is contained.  It is a Type T1cNoMo, Stage 6 (out of 10).  Will be back in full swing in 6 weeks.  God is good!  ~Elaine 08-17-07

 

Mackenzie Shane (Emmaus, PA) Great granddaughter born premature has a tube to breathe and a feeding tube in her.  She still only weighs 11 lb. at 13 months-old. She is fighting for her life. She cannot eat or breath in her own.  Please pray for her.  Carol Spirit Dove Henderson 08-03-07

 

Catherine Halash (Battle Creek, MI) I've had 2 very near misses during the month of July and I ask for your thought, prayers, and smoke on the wind to help in this hour of need. I thank the Creator for the time he has given me and the joy of each day, especially those beyond 11/06, my expected expiration date.  A sore on my leg wouldn't heal and became septic, I became dehydrated, and the kidney stones became unbearable between.  I had an anaphylactic shock and near miss  08-03-07

 

Erwin Gordan - Grandfather Gordy (a.k.a. Sonny - (Seneca Nation) This is to let folks know is doing after his second leg amputation. He's still at Benedictine Hospital, in rehab, room #2407. His spirits are good. He was flirting like crazy with the pretty nurse. She gave him Vitamin C, and he said he's heard of the Caspian Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the Adriatic Sea, but he doesn't know about any Vitamin Sea. So I guess he's feeling better. Looks like he'll be in the hospital for another 2-3 weeks, then probably the nursing home in Margaretville for another couple of weeks, then back home.  Henrietta Wise 08-06-07

 

Debi Redhawk Pulido - Many aches and pains from broken leg.  Doing better.  08-06-07

 

Betty (Will Blueotter's wife - Utah) She had a stroke in early July, and is recovering slowly. She had been ill since early 2005. Lost the sight in her right eye due to a stroke in her eye in early April, and started having blood pressure spikes and had a stroke while in hospital.  ~Will Blueotter 07-12-07

 

Dobby Sommer (CA) I am honored to be in the Healing Basket.  More and more pain reminds me of the next surgery coming up and gratitude reminds me of the gift of being on this earth. What a Blessing that we are here Under The One Sky.Thank you for thinking of me.  Wakantanka Niya Waste Pelo  May The Great Holy Mystery Spirit Bless You!. ~Bear 07-04-07

 

Michael (Gainesville, FL) All prayers needed at this time.  Michael is going to have open heart surgery.  We need prayer fires and ceremony that you are led to take this to Creator.  Veterans Side of Shands Teaching Hospital. Please keep him and his close. Cindy his grown daughter and his 80 + mom and dad along with a younger brother.  Gram Selma 06-21-07

 

Francisco Leonidas (Phoenix, AZ) Please pray for the complete healing of my unborn son Leonidas. I pray that his heart and brain are healthy and whole and function perfectly in every capacity. i also pray that the amneocentisis test we had on 6/18 will reflect his perfect health and normal chromosones. I was told  yesterday that the cyst /fluid is not growing, but he is which is good, and that his kicking is a great sign of increased energy. Meet with a pediatric heart surgeon, one of the best in the world - Nicole 06-20-07 

 

On Sunday June 24 @ 1:30 am, I went into pre-mature labor, We went to the hospital and tried unsuccessfully to stop my contractions. @ 10am Francisco "Leo" Leonidas Laborin was born 6 weeks early @ 16 inches and 4lbs 11 oz. This corageous little lion, with premature lungs, let  out a few roars for his mommy and daddy. This precious angel passed 2 hours later. We and Leo's family got to hold, kiss, and talk to him as much as we needed. He was so perfect.  Thank you all for your prayers, Nicole

 

 

Helen RedWing Vinson (Tennessee)  RedWing developed a serious problem with her eyesight. " I have floaters like an octopus in my left eye.  My right eye lost some of its sight already, but nothing like this.  Graybeard Vinson  05-23-07

 

About 3 weeks ago I lost 80% of my vision due to eye hemorrhage.  I went back to eye doctor this past Wednesday He was well pleased with the healing of my eye told me to come back in 3 months. I know they gave the test and the shot in my eye but it was God who did the healing and gave knowledge to someone to make the medication to clear this up.. So I thanked the doctor but most of all I thank God and the sisters for the prayers.  Love  and Prayers RW

 

Robby Stamps (Tallahassee, FL) Terribly ill and bedridden for about a year with Lyme Disease and cannot tolerate conventional treatment and needs round-the-clock care. Please help. Visit www.helprobbystamps.com  ~ Julie Maltagliati  05-15-07 

 

Isabel Stands Different McLaughlin (New York) Recovering second operation because a titanium plate in her throat would not let her breathe. Now they removed it. Has serious back problems, and anxiety. Many, many thanks to Manataka for all the prayers. Standing Bear 05-06-07
 

Jay King (West Virginia) (UPDATE) We took Jay to ER with stomach pain and difficulty breathing. Jay has heart problems and needs your prayers.  Ruth King 05-01-07

 


 

 Memorials...

In Memory of Corbin Harney

Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.  He loved and cared for his family, friends and all creation.

 

In Memory of Granny Messenger

She had over 1,000 grandchildren but never a child. Her memory will live with us forever.  Anonymous Contributor  

 

In Memory of Lance Selvidge

Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.

 

In Memory of Ruby Gilliham

We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever - Standing Bear.  Greg Gilliham, Little Rock

 

 


 

Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 

 


 

MANATAKA ANNOUNCEMENTS...

 

Manataka Seeks Grant Writer

A wonderful lady who has experience and good spirit has volunteered to be a grant writer for Manataka.  We still need at least one more. 

 

MAIC has several worthwhile projects that are severely under-funded.  Two of the projects are of unique design and proven effectiveness.  For the past 10 years, all programs and services were self-funded by members and supporters and we have not applied for financial assistance.  The worthiness of these programs requires more funds than can realistically be provided by individual contributions.  Experienced grant writers please contact: manataka@sbcglobal.net  

 

Manataka Seeks Advisory Board Members

Elders approved a motion to establish an Advisory Board who will research and develop recommendations to the Elder Council.  MAIC specifically seeks educators, attorneys, accountants, business leaders and other professionals to join the MAIC Advisory Board.  Please contact: manataka@sbcglobal.net

 


 

SEPTEMBER 2007 ELDER COUNCIL MEETING

 

The September meeting was held on the 16th and started at 9:00 a.m.  Elder Coke was unable to travel from Dallas so we communicated by speaker phone during the meeting. Prayer ceremony were led by David Quiet Wind Furr.       

 

Discussions:

Elder Council Appointments - Two individuals were discussed 

Report on Fall Gathering - Arrangements for closed gathering 

Event Ceremony Protocols - Ceremonies in the Sacred Circle to be led by Patty Blue Star.    

Manataka invitation with US Congressional representatives

Manataka trademark registration progress report  

Elder Council Organization  

 Tabled Discussions and Motions:

MASELA (Manataka Ambassador to Spiritual Elders of Latin America) Project.  

Asset Acquisition project - Manataka American Indian Cultural Center.

Approved Motions: 

Motion to change the format of the Fall Gathering unanimously approved.

The September Spirit Keeper Award will be given to Bobby Joe Runninbear for exemplary service. 

Rejected Motions:

None 

 

Presentations:

None

 

Announcements: 

Next meeting to be held October 21, 2007 starting at 9 a.m. hosted by David Quiet Wind.

 

Meeting adjourned at 12:00 p.m.

 


A detailed report was delivered during the regular membership meeting held on the same date. 

 


MANATAKA ORGANIZATIONAL MESSAGES


 

NOTICE 1:    ELDER COUNCIL POSITION FILLED:  A formal announcement of selection Robert King Gray Hawk King and induction ceremonies were held July 15.   

 

NOTICE 2:     ELDER COUNCIL ADVISORY BOARD:  We are excepting nominations for five (5) positions on the Elder Council Advisory Board.  We are specifically looking for candidates in these fields:  Accounting, Business, Education, Law and Social Services.  Positions are not limited only to these fields.  Members are expected to donate 5-10 hours per month. Members of the Advisory Board are paid a stipend and travel expense to annual meetings.  

 

NOTICE 3:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 

 

NOTICE 4:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge.  In case of inclement weather (rain, sleet, snow, below 40 degrees) we meet Ryan's Restaurant located at 4538 Central Avenue across from Hot Springs Mall.

 

Gatherings are normally held on the 3rd weekend of June (closest to the Summer Solstice) and the 3rd weekend of October (closest to the Winter Solstice).  The date of the Spring Encampment varies from year to year.  The Spring Encampment will be held April 13 -15 in 2007.

 

NOTICE 5:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Becky Moore

 

NOTICE 6:    PAID YOUR DUES?
Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902

 

NOTICE 7:      MATERIAL DONATIONS NEEDED BY MANATAKA
1.  15 - 30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.

 

2.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.

 

3.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.

 

THANK YOU TO EVERYONE WHO DONATED STAMPS, PAPER AND OTHER SUPPLIES!


 

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Publisher:

Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476
501-627-0555
manataka@sbcglobal.net
http://www.manataka.org

Editor:

Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Burnett, Georgia

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

Grandmother Selma, Florida

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee 

Helen Red Wing Vinson, Tennessee

Liora Leah Zack, California

Paula Unega Ulogidv Phillips, Arkansas

Waynonaha Two Worlds

Contributors:

Susan Bates, Missouri

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire 

Valerie Eagle Heart

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

John James, Arkansas

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Elaine Nowell, Mississippi / Arkansas

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

 

 

Disclaimer:

Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary
gain to those who have expressed an interest in viewing the
material for research and educational purposes.

This is in accordance with Title 17 U. S. C. section 107.

Reprinted under the Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law.

http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html
Non-profit/Teaching/Educational

 

 

 

OCTOBER 2007 SMOKE SIGNAL - PAGE 1

OCTOBER 2007 SMOKE SIGNAL - PAGE 2

OCTOBER 2007 SMOKE SIGNAL - PAGE 3

 

SMOKE SIGNAL NEWSLETTER ARCHIVES

 

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