Manataka Smoke Signal News -JUNE 2012

 

Volume XIX  Issue 06

SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow

JUNE 2012


Hello Beautiful Red, Black, Yellow and White People! 

 

Hello to the Rainbow of Humanity!

 

The lazy days of Spring 2012 felt like the lull before the storm.  Now in the early days of summer, we feel the wind swirling and twisting faster and we hear the rumble of thunder in the near distance. The positive energy surrounding Manataka surges like lightening and then subsides into a gentle purifying rain washing away all negative thoughts. The Unbroken Circle of Manataka feels like it is entering a great unseen purification lodge.  Feeling the heat of the grandfathers, being one with the darkness, knowing the happiness found in deep prayer and song.  The Place of Peace is preparing itself for a momentous occasion.  It is purifying its body.  It is clearing its mind.  It is sanctifying its spirit.  Soon the Valley of the Vapors, the sacred Manataka mountain, and all its ceremonial circles will be ready for the moment.  Will you be ready too?

 

Events occurring globally are affecting us physically, emotionally, mentally, and spiritually. If you are off balance you will be overwhelmed and there are times when there appears to be no clear path. This gives us an open door to become a better, more complete person through a shift in consciousness.  Sustaining a new state of mind for extended periods begins with opening our heart through prayer.

 

Changes start within us.  

We are here to preserve and protect the sacred Manataka mountain. 


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Interview with Lee Standing Bear Moore and Grand Chief Woableza Labatte

 


RECENT STORIES

 

Asparagus: A New Old Cancer Fighter

A Mom had been taking the full-stalk canned style asparagus that she pureed and she took 4 tablespoons in the morning and 4 tablespoons later in the day.

Read More...

 

No Longer Circling the Wagons: Many National Parks Get Indian Stories Wrong

National parks are America’s great outdoor classrooms, and they attract about 300 million visitors a year, from school groups to senior citizens, mountain climbers to families in minivans.  Read More...

 

Reconciliation, Part II
By David Three Dogs Armstrong

There is a River in the forest; it springs up from a place high in the mountains, so far away and so long ago that no one quite knows where it came from; indeed, it is apparent it has always been there.  Read More...

 

Our Earth Mother & Purification Time

My Hopi name is Hohongwitutiwa, which was given to me by my Hopi father when he adopted me as his son. My Hopi father was a mongwi, a priest of the higher religious order.  Read More...

 

Conscious Being - Part III

By Lee Standing Bear Moore and Spirit of Takatoka
Part III will lift the veil of understanding even higher as we explore ways to prepare ourselves for the future. We will focus on the magnificent gifts the Great Mystery has laid before us and ways to use those special gifts for the glory of God through the holy spirit found within all people. It is a natural evolution of worldwide transformation that is occurring now with millions of silent and happy hearts who will gently love a new mass consciousness into reality. Read More.

 

Conscious Being - Part II

By Lee Standing Bear Moore and Spirit of Takatoka

It is impossible to know for certain the moment in time when human consciousness will experience an awareness of itself. The gradual change into a collective state of transcendence began long ago, but the moment when the Awakening occurs is beyond our comprehension. Read More...

 

Happiness is a Voyage
By Grandmother L. Cota Nupah Makah
If you open your heart when it is hurting and offer your hand to another then you have connected to what being a human being is all about. One cannot go through life hating or being selfish or mistrusting for any reason.  Read More...

 

Manataka Sacred Grounds Being Developed

As we hike the trails of Manataka Mountain today, we find no monuments to the gentle people who were once the keepers of Manataka (Place of Peace).  Only the Grandfathers now tell the story of the Rainbow Woman who blessed and guarded the Valley and the healing waters of Nówâ-sa-lon, the hot springs.... Read More...

 

The Holy Mother of Manataka

Several important stories of Manataka speak of the great feminine spirit, IxChel, Mother God, Holy Mother of the Mountain, the Rainbow Woman of Manataka....  Read More...

 


 Hot Springs National Park, AR (May 1, 2012) Sixth Sun Aztec Dancers and Manataka's Lee Standing Bear Moore at a benefit for the First Step School.  The fat guy with the white beard and red shirt is not Santa Claus.  (Photo by Joe Correa)

 


 

COMMENTARY

Dream Predictions and Prophesies...
By Takatoka and friends
 

For thousands of years, indigenous cultures has had its share of prophets, soothsayers and respected spiritual elders who could, with some reliability, envision the future. Often the subject of the prediction was where wild game or plant foods could be found. Signs and omens of future events appeared in clouds, rock formations, water and in dreams. Dreamers were highly respected by the tribes as valuable assets for survival. Some tribes held communal dream-telling events where everyone was invited to share details of their dreams. Knowing the movements of an enemy tribe, the probable outcome of migrations, camp sites, the weather and dozens of other concerns were important to the tribes.

Today, predicting the future is a tricky business and is anything but an exact science for most of us, except maybe bookies and politicians. Christians have frantically told of the imminent end of the earth for over a thousand years. Psychics regularly forewarn of future calamities. Astrology buffs can tell you the most intimate details of your future love life. People still flock to the old gypsy woman who gazes into the crystal ball telling the future as a green back crosses her palm.   Read More...


 


 

Dreams on the Sacred Mountain...
A waking, walking vision was given to Grandfather Lee Standing Bear Moore beginning on the night of the winter solstice (December 21, 2009 and continued until the solar eclipse and the new moon appeared on January 15, 2010. Read More>>>

 


 

FEATURE STORY

 

 

Tekakwitha Acted of Her Own Free Will
By Alma Ransom



A statue of Kateri Tekakwitha, the first Native American to be certified a Saint by the Catholic Church,
at the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, near Quebec City.


It seems like no one realizes that Tekakwitha lived a full life of learning and practicing our traditional culture and knew how to survive before she became a Catholic. There were missionaries who had learned our language and dialects among the Iroquois and she learned their prayers. At the age of 20, a Mohawk woman is very strong in her ways and determined when making a decision.

Consider my remarks for those people that might want to imply that Tekakwitha was abused or forced by the Missionaries as a child. She lived a full traditional life among our people. Growing up she was strongly supervised and groomed by her aunts and women of the village as all Indian women are taught. In Mohawk, mothers are Ista, aunts are Ista and also God-mothers are Ista (all mother figures to a child) so no one grows up an orphan. Tekakwitha was under the watchful eyes and care of Istas and she learned many things from all of them to be a model child of the Chief (her Uncle) so she had to know many things. She had to learn by example and practice thoroughly so that she could teach others.   Read More...

 

 


2013 CALENDARS

 

2013 Powwow Calendar


Since the 1800s, Native American Plains tribes have gathered for powwows to celebrate their rich heritage. the tradition continues with emphasis on spiritual and competitive dances. Photographer Chris roberts shares the tradition through photographs. POWWOW 2013 captures the energy of powwow dancers who proudly preserve their ancestral traditions. 11 x 28 inches open
Regular Price $14.95 SKU:900871-2   Ships in June.

2013 Ghost Dance Calendar

2013 Powwow Youth Calendar
 


 

ELDER MEDITATIONS


"You have to have a lot of patience to hear those old people talk, because when they talk, they talk about motivation, the feeling, the unsound that is around the universe. They explain everything to one understanding. They bring it all together, and when they finish, just one word comes out. Just one word. They might talk all day, and just one word comes out." -- Wallace Black Elk, Lakota


We need to be careful about judging the old ones when we talk. At first they may not make sense to us. Maybe we'll say they're old fashioned and don't understand. But the old ones do understand! When they speak, listen very carefully. Often it will take weeks or maybe even years before we understand what they are really saying. This is the way of Wisdom. We need to listen, listen, listen.


Great Spirit, today, open my ears so I can hear the Elders.

 


 
Harvard University Announcement

No Tuition and No Student Loans


Harvard University announced over the weekend that from now on undergraduate students from low-income families will pay no tuition. In making the announcement, Harvard's president Lawrence H. Summers said, "When only ten percent of the students in elite higher education come from families in the lower half of the income distribution, we are not doing enough. We are not doing enough in bringing elite higher education to the lower half of the income distribution."

If you know of a family earning less than $60,000 a year with an honor student graduating from high school soon, Harvard University wants to pay the tuition. The prestigious university recently announced that from now on undergraduate students from low-income families can go to Harvard for free... no tuition and no student loans!

To find out more about Harvard offering free tuition for families making less than $60,000 a year, visit Harvard's financial aid website at:
http://www.fao.fas.harvard.edu/or call the school's financial aid office at (617) 495-1581.
 

Verified by: Julie Whitepigeon, The American Indian Center, 1630 W. Wilson Ave., Chicago, Illinois

 


 

NEWLY UPDATED CONTACT LISTS

 

Federally Recognized Tribes - 2012 Updated

American Indian Federal Government Contacts

National American Indian Organizations

 


FEATURE STORY

 

 

Origin of North Eastern North American Indians

By Ed (Eagle Man) McGaa, JD, Teton Oglala


The Mongol or Northern Chinese migrants swept down from the North in scattered groups. A lesser group came from Viking land, Scandia much later. The Eastern North American tribes bear strong Nordic facial features mixed in with the parent Mongol blood: Wherein Asian facial characteristics are flatter, especially the nose. Scandia features have quite prominent noses as do the Eastern North American tribes. The Lakota/ Dakota came to the Great Plains from the East and also bear prominent noses as the pictures of the old time warriors depict. To detractors and dissenters, I simple offer a welcome to come to our Sioux Indian reservations and see for yourself. View our Full-blood (100% Native) folks.

Across Asia into Alaska
We have introduced North American Man’s spectacular ceremonial communication; now let us probe where these people came from.
Read More...
 


 

FEATURE STORY

 

THE  INCA  TRANSCRIPTS

Lectures given by Inca Spiritual Messenger Willaru Huayta.  Nazca, Peru ~

 

History of the Ages

In this kind of conference listening with the consciousness is important, because the consciousness of the Father/Mother is our connection, and the truth can be very strong. It is hard to compare our life in this three dimensional world, on planet Earth, with life on other planets, because they are very different civilizations. There exists authentic civilizations, the real civilizations. Our earliest grandparents of all the races were from these civilizations. 

 

That's why I always suggest to listen with the heart, because if we listen only with the mind, often we will not like what we hear and then we may feel uncomfortable. Then many people walk away. Usually in the school and the university, we are used to listening to everything only mentally. We should also read esoteric books with the consciousness, and not like we read an ordinary book. We should read each chapter one at a time, close our eyes, and get reflection. Take the knowledge from the mind, digest it in the heart, understanding one section and then another one. So this way, as we receive knowledge we begin to understand and remember.  Read More...

 


FEATURE STORY

 

5 Practical Ways to Raise Your Consciousness in 2012 (and beyond)
by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger Editor of NaturalNews.com

I declared 2012 the "Year of Consciousness" for NaturalNews and point out that the ultimate solution to ending tyranny, wars, corporate deception and environmental destruction is to upgrade our consciousness rather than "killing our enemies." This announcement was greatly appreciated by readers, who for the most part have a very positive outlook on 2012 and beyond.

But there was something missing from the announcement: How do we achieve higher consciousness?

And I don't mean burning a roomful of candles, chanting mantras for seven years and mastering the art of transcendental meditation (which takes a lifetime or more). That's not practical for most people in the real world today. What we need is a practical way to upgrade our consciousness right now, here in 2012, in our own living rooms.

That's what this article is about: Five practical ways to raise your level of consciousness starting right now. (I'm also publishing a follow-up article listing things to avoid that crush your consciousness.) For this article, by the way, "raising your consciousness" means expanding your awareness of reality, expanding your connection with other human beings and living systems, and deepening your sense of free will, liberty and being the master of your own destiny through applied decisions and actions. It is not just a "sense of self" but also a heightened sense of how your actions impact the world around you.   Here are the five steps: 
Read More....

 


 

FUNNY BONES

 


 

 

 

 

CP 687- NATIVE PLANTS NATIVE HEALING: Traditional Muskogee Way By Tis Mal Crow
This book is a must for beginners and serious students of herbs and of Native American ways.

This set of herbal teachings draws from the Muscogee tradition, presents an understanding of the healing

nature of plants for the first time in book form and examines common wild plants in a clear and authoritative style explains how to identify, honor, select, and prepare them for use. Illustrated and indexed by plant name and medical topic. New Lower Price!! Was $16.95 Now Only $ 14.95 + s/h 

 

 


 

HERBAL MEDICINE

 

 

Top 10 herbs and spices for strengthening your immune system
By Aurora Geib, www.NaturalNews.com

Of the many systems working within the human body, the immune system is an excellent example of complex efficiency. A network of participating cells and organs, it synchronizes its responses when defending the body from infection and disease.

In its element, it has the capacity to remember diseases it has encountered and produce secretions and cells that can effectively defend the body from another recurrence. Moreover, it has an advanced communication system that can trigger an immediate response to an emergency and act according to the severity of the infection. Activated immune cells start producing substances that allow it to recruit other immune cells and guide it to the site of attack while at the same time allowing it to control behavior and growth.

However, when the system malfunctions by causing an inappropriate response to substances or cells that are native to the body, it causes autoimmune diseases that will require the intervention of medication that will suppress the system's response. What causes the system to malfunction, however, is still unclear. It is believed that exposure to some drugs or bacteria by people with susceptible genes cause this phenomenon.

When totally compromised the body is left defenseless, thus leaving it vulnerable to disease.  Read More...


 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR- SOUND OFF!

 

 

Hello Manataka,


I am called Marta and I wrote to you many years ago when I first found the Manataka site. At that time, Lee Standing Bear Moore wrote me a very wonderful letter which inspired me greatly. Today, I read the story of Manataka again, and saw that you wrote "why the elders visited Manataka can only be answered person-to-person".

I used to think that it was sad that the other cultures and "ruined" everything the native Americans held sacred. Sometimes I still do, and sometimes the anger still comes a bit. BUT, I also see that if we believe in the plan of the Great Creator, then we must know that all is for the best, and actually, when the caves and hot springs are closed up, then, we are forced to look within to find them again. And through your stories and legends, you remind all of us and help all of us find the inner Manataka that is hidden under the metaphor of "cement and silly societal restrictions" and that this hot, sparkling Fountain and Water of Life is still flowing and warm....
Read More...

 


VIDEO CLIPS

 

Oglala Lakota Women and Buffalo

Great Videos

 

 

Manataka Elder Council Biographies

http://www.manataka.org/page2282.html

 


 

BOOK REVIEW

 

Listen To The Wind by Tom Haley

A magnificent collection of American Indian poems, prayers and wisdom by a new member of Manataka, Reverend Tom Haley, pastor of the Rock Creek Christian Church in Hot Springs National Park, Arkansas.  Rev. Haley is a graduate of Hendrix College and Perkins School of Theology, Southern Methodist University. He has written a number of books including God and Son, Inc (2012), The Laughing Jesus: and His Other Faces (2012); Along the Path: Meditations and Reflections on Life (2012); Haley's Comments (1991); Prayers with Wings (1985); and Anchors in the Storm (1983).  He and his wife, Amanda, have three adult children and three grandchildren. His newest book shares the beautiful depth and breadth of American Indian wisdom. Listen To The Wind is only $10.00 and proceeds from this book go to the Manataka American Indian Council.  Buy Now!

 


 

MESSAGE OF THE MONTH

By Manataka Elder, The Rev. Dr. Fred D. Wilcoxson PhD

 

“Hope is the match, prayer is the fire. If you know someone who needs a little help in getting a prayer life going, ask them if they ever hope for something. It’s a safe bet that they do. And all the time. Humans are hopeful creatures. We are in an almost daily state of hope. We hope it won't rain. We hope we get better. We hope we win. Hope is a constant for us in our emotional matrix. Prayer is simply hope captured. Rather than a fleeting wish, through prayer hope becomes a focused intention. Prayer matures hope by allowing God to light a fire.”  ~The Right Reverand Steven Charleston, Choctaw

The Power of Prayer
Author unknown

It is said that a missionary on furlough told this true story while visiting his home church in Michigan.   Read More...

 


 

ELDERS SPEAK

 

Casting My Net

By Grandmother L. Cota Nupah Makah

 

 

I cast a net into the sea of life long before I came to be a human. In the deep bottomless ocean of time and light, I drew in my first breath of air.

From this spirit light my soul emerged full of hope and vision and gives me purpose.

My Earth body is clean and pure, formed from infinite time, then developed and was born.

This physical breathing body carries my soul and my spirit on this Earth.

Through this physical body my mind and spirit reach back and draw the vision around me like a shawl. The soul takes comfort in knowing its purpose for this life time and perhaps many more.

Enclosed at last in the shawl of creation, the vision takes root and grows.  Read More..

 


 

PRAYER BASKET

 

 

 

 

My oldest sister Anna Beasley, 85-years old had to be put in for emergency surgery this morning due to “several” blockages in her arteries. She is in University Hospital in Augusta, GA. Nat her husband, Sandy and Gary, daughter and Son in law are there with her. Please pray that all will go well... either way. I know she would rather just go on to Heaven than go into an operating room. Red Wing  05-31-12

 

Elder Rose Marie Pleasants Barron.  Hospitalized in Hot Springs.  Rosetta Pleasants' Aunt, friend of the Batts family and hundreds of other friends and family.   I ask that you pray for her.  ~Cheryl L. Batts, B.A.
 

Manataka Elder, 75-year old Grandfather Daniel Seven Hawk Eyes Hoffman, was recently diagnosed with Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Notwithstanding his severe illness, he is a strong man in many respects and maintains a beautiful disposition and attitude.  We ask for prayers for our dear respected elder and friend. 

 

Manataka Elder, 76-year old Grandfather Jimmie A. Looking For Wind Keefauver, recently underwent hospitalization for a serious blood disease and infections and is recovering at home.  Jimmie appears to be doing much better now.  We are offering up prayers for our revered friend and honored elder.

 

7-year old Ian Ryan Hit By USPS Truck
"I got a call at 3:45 a.m. our time today that our grandson who lives in Georgia was struck by a mail carrier vehicle and dragged 150 feet. He was flown to Egleston Children's Emergency Hospital in Atlanta. He is in surgery now. My wife Jo is on her way driving up there at this time. Please keep our grandson Ian Ryan (7) in your prayers as well as Jo's safe trip up there. Ian was hit as he played in a sandbox in his yard. The last update was 05-01-12 when it was reported that Ian is home and very sore. According to his grandfather, "Prayer works!" ~Rev. Fred Wilcoxson, Manataka Elder

 

CROSSED OVER

Kevin Sheahan, known to many of us as "Snowberry", began his journey to the Spirit world 05-30-12.  Kevin was a Veteran and he battled health issues for many years. He hoped to live long enough to receive a lung transplant. His friend Seraphine will be making the arrangements for Kevin. Seraphine has handled his affairs and assisted him with his living needs for a number of years.  Kevin was a gourd dancer and the ceremony was one he held near and dear to his heart. He danced with great respect, always asking permission. His long, beautiful silver-white hair would shine in the sunlight. His quirky sense of humor and generous nature will be missed.  Seraphine is looking for someone who has taken the role of head gourd dancer before, and preferably who knew Kevin personally, to help her with some of his final affairs. Her contact information follows. If anyone has a photograph of Kevin they can share with me, I would like to include it in future updates. So many times we know the face better than the name. I will re-post whatever information Seraphine provides and hopefully we can assist her in giving this brother a fitting memorial. seraphine@dslextreme.com   818-601-2354  Seraphine
 

John "Red Blanket" Gartland crossed over May 19, 2012. Visitation will be from 4 to 6 p.m. Friday, May 25, 2012, at Knapp-Johnson Funeral Home and Cremation Center in Morton. Further visitation will be from 10 to 10:45 a.m. Saturday prior to services at 11 a.m. at the Native American Fellowship-Dayspring United Methodist Church in East Peoria, with Pastor Carol Lakota Eastin and Pastor Dan Lybarger officiating. Burial will be in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va. The details will be in the obituary in the Peoria Journal Star on Thursday. A copy of the obituary is attached to this email and here is the online link.  It would be appreciated if you could send or bring food for a potluck following the 11am service. If anyone would be willing to be at the church to help receive people or food and be sure tables are ready, please contact Sally at 309-698-9688.  Kevin Cashmer will be providing the Spirit Fire at Dayspring. Pastor Carol will be conducting the service with Pastor Dan will be playing flute. Randy Eggers will be playing a hand drum and Kim Davis will be doing the Pipe Ceremony.  On behalf of Pastor Dan and the entire NAF Family, we offer our prayers and deepest sympathies to Jo-Ann and their family.  To our brother, Red Blanket, we will miss you but we know that you are now with our Creator. Please continue to watch over us and guide us in our daily lives.

 

Gladys Conley, nee Davis, 90, crossed over Saturday, May 19, 2012 at Belleville Memorial Hospital. Visitation at Kassly's in Fairview Heights, IL She will be interned near Dongola, Illinois.  Cora Gladys Elizabeth (Davis) Conley - just celebrated her 90th birthday by passing the driving test to renew her driver's license in Illinois on May 12. She was so proud of that accomplishment. She became very ill on Thurs, May 17, and passed into the next life on Sat, May 19. Gladys is the beloved and respected mother of Linda Two Hawk Feathers James, an Elder of Manataka American Indian Council.  Please offer up prayers for Gladys and Linda's family.  Born May 12, 1922 in Mill Creek, IL died on Saturday, May 19, 2012 at Memorial Hospital, Belleville, IL. Gladys was a homemaker, loving mother, grandmother and great grandmother. She was preceded in death by her husband, Eugene W. “Doc” Conley; a son and daughter who died in infancy, Donald Eugene Conley and Judy Kay Conley; her parents, Harrison and Cora,

nee Knupp Davis; three sisters, Clara Heinlein, Ruby Dillow and Ina Stone; three brothers, Daniel Davis, Matthew Davis and Elijah Davis.  She is survived by her daughter, Linda James of St. Louis, MO; her three grandchildren, Michael (Lora) Peters of Palmdale, CA, Laura (Erik) Ingram of Edwardsville, IL and Nathan (Meagan Colbeck) Peters of St. Louis, MO; two great grandchildren, Daniel Peters and Rachel Ingram; also survived by many loving nieces, nephews and cousins.  Memorials may be made to American Cancer Society, American Heart Association or March of Dimes Visitation: Friends may call from 5:30 P.M. to 9:00 P.M. on Friday, May 25, 2012 at Kassly Mortuary, Fairview Heights, IL.  Visitation: Friends may call from 10:00 A.M. to 11:00 A.M. on Saturday, May 26, 2012 at Mill Creek Baptist Church, Mill Creek, IL. Funeral: Funeral services will be held at 11:00 A.M. on Saturday, May 26, 2012 at Mill Creek Baptist Church in Mill Creek, IL. Interment will be in St. John Cemetery, Anna, IL http://www.doverplacecc.org/

 

Cherokee National Treasure William “Bill” Eugene Rabbit of Pryor passed away April 9 in Tulsa at age 65. Rabbit was born in Wyoming on Dec. 3, 1946, and grew up in Pryor. He won numerous awards during the 30-plus years he worked as an artist. For nearly 20 years he worked in partnership with his daughter Traci, who is also an accomplished artist. They shared a studio in Pryor. In 2011, the Cherokee Nation named him a National Treasure for his artistry and for preserving Cherokee culture through his artwork.


When Onondaga Nation Clanmother Audrey Shenandoah-Gonwaiani passed into the spirit world on March 15 not only her family and community mourned but the entire Haudenosaunee Confederacy was cast into sorrow. For the past four decades she was a steady, reliable and dignified presence at Onondaga, ever ready to speak on behalf of the people while welcoming visitors to the capital and central fire of the world's first united nations. As a clanmother (Iakoiane in the Mohawk dialect of the Iroquois language) Gonwaiani accepted the responsibilities as not only a clan leader but as a caretaker for the culture of her nation. She was selected as clan leader after being closely observed by her people. They saw in her compassion, dedication, humility, knowledge, patience and a deep respect for the traditions and customs which define Haudenosaunee life. She was articulate in the Onondaga language, a skill which she shared with the Onondaga children for decades as a teacher at the Nation's school. Read More...

 

Niles Cesar, Tlingit and Haida Indian from Juneau, who was an integral piece in Indian health care in Alaska, walked on recently at his home in Anchorage, surrounded by his family and friends after a long illness according to JuneauEmpire.com. Cesar spent 20 years in the Medical Service Corps, including a year in Vietnam, before retiring from the Navy as a Lieutenant according to the Alaskapublic.com. He went on to receive his B.S. degree in environmental health. He spent 11 years (1979 to 1990) as the executive vice president of Southeast Alaska Regional Health Consortium, before leaving to spend the next 19 years as the director for the Alaska Bureau of Indian Affairs according to Alaskapublic.com. Through his time at the BIA, he worked to gain the most out of the services and benefits available to Alaska Natives, reported JuneauEmpire.com. He established the BIA Providers Conference and was an advocacy member on the Federal Subsistence Board in Alaska.

 

Disclaimer, Trademark and Copyright Information


Material appearing here is distributed without profit or monetary gain to those who have expressed an interest in viewing the material for research and educational purposes.  This is in accordance with Title 17 U. S. C. section 107. Reprinted under the Fair Use doctrine of international copyright law.
http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.html  Non-profit/Teaching/Educational

 

©2012 ManatakaTM American Indian Council.  The word "Manataka" is a registered trademark exclusively owned by the Manataka American Indian Council.  Use of this trademark without the expressed written permission of MAIC is prohibited and violators will be prosecuted. 15 U.S.C. Section 1051(a), (b).  The Smoke Signal News is copyrighted in its entirety and no reproduction, republishing, copying, or distribution is permitted without the expressed written permission of MAIC is strictly prohibited and violations will be prosecuted.

 

 


 

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