and women have an equal responsibility to restore the strength of the
family, which is the foundation of all cultures." --Haida Gwaii, Traditional
Circle of Elders
The family is the heartbeat and strength of the culture. The grandfathers
and grandmothers taught their children; they in turn had children who taught
their children. If the family isn't taught the culture, then the children
become adults and the adults become the grandfathers and grandmothers and
the result is the culture becomes lost. This is how language is lost; this
is how dances are lost; this is how knowledge is lost. We need to listen to
our Elders, today, before it's too late.
teach me the culture so I can teach the children.
WONDERS OF NATURE...
Praying Hands, Arkansas
Salmon Bay, Washington
Cecil the Dinosaur, Colorado
Submitted by Lila Weeks
To Preserve Their Health and Heritage, Arizona Indians Reclaim
Ancient Foods --
Desert's bounty cuts
overweight and diabetes
By Jane E. Brody
Both fruits and pads of the prickly pear cactus are rich in slowly absorbed
soluble fibers that help keep blood sugar stable.
Going back to one's roots could soon take on a more literal meaning for the
Indians of the American Southwest, as well as for peoples elsewhere in the world
who are poorly adapted to rich, refined foods.
For the sake of their health, as well as their cultural heritage, the Pima and
Tohono O'odham tribes of Arizona are being urged to rediscover the desert foods
their people traditionally consumed until as recently as the 1940's.
Studies strongly indicate that people who evolved in these arid lands are
metabolically best suited to the feast-and-famine cycles of their forebears who
survived on the desert's unpredictable bounty, both wild and cultivated.
By contrast, the modern North American diet is making them sick. With rich food
perpetually available, weights in the high 200's and 300's are not uncommon
among these once-lean people. As many as half the Pima and Tohono O'odham
(formerly Papago) Indians now develop diabetes by the age of 35, an incidence 15
times higher than for Americans as a whole. Yet, before World War II, diabetes
was rare in this population.
Similar problems have been found among Australian aborigines, Pacific Islanders
and other peoples whose survival historically depended on their ability to stash
away calories in times of plenty to sustain them during droughts and crop
failures. The Pima and Tohono O'odham Indians seem unusually efficient at
turning calories to body fat; nutritionists say they gain weight readily on the
kinds and amounts of foods people of European descent can eat with no problem.
One tablespoon of buds from the cholla cactus has as much calcium as eight
ounces of milk. The buds are rich in soluble fiber that helps regulate blood
Preliminary studies have indicated that a change in the Indian diet back to the
beans, corn, grains, greens and other low-fat high-fiber plant foods that their
ancestors depended upon can normalize blood sugar, suppress between-meal hunger
and probably also foster weight loss.
Eric Ravussin, Mauro Valencia, Julian Esparza, Peter Bennet,
Leslie Schulz From Diabetes Care, vol. 17, no. 9, Sept. 1994
Science Times; The New York Times
Submitted by Andrea
Crambit, Native Diet (health)
From Crystal Harvey, MAIC Correspondent
Fluoride Action Network
Unsightly Moderate Dental
Fluorosis is caused by exposure to fluoridated water.
By David Kennedy
A reasonable way forward would
be to convince government
officials to stop promoting
fluoridation and use the money
saved on promotion to do
well-conducted, critical studies
of both benefits and risks,
Taves said. Studies of the
benefits of fluoride need to be
blind and avoid being confounded
by delayed tooth eruption, he
observed. "We can't rule out the
possibility that bone fracture
rates are lower with water
fluoridated at the optimal level
(about 1 mg/L)," he said. "If
fluoridation were stopped first,
there wouldn't be any way to
compare different groups, those
with and without exposure to
Most of the attendees at the
meeting disagreed with Taves'
suggestion. "If EPA just did
simple arithmetic in a risk
assessment, it would have to
come up with a standard for
fluoride in drinking water of
less than 1 mg/L," Paul Connett
The meeting adjourned with no
clear strategy on how to make
progress toward resolving the
fluoride debate. With the
exception of Taves, most of the
participants would like to ban
water fluoridation immediately
and outlaw food uses of sulfuryl
fluoride as well. But so far,
they have won only minor
skirmishes in the struggle-about
half the state referenda when
fluoridation comes up for a
Few speakers discussed any
possible benefits of
fluoridation, so there was no
meaningful dialogue between
opposing sides. Before the
meeting, organizer Paul Connett
had invited William R. Maas,
director of the
Centers for Disease Control &
Prevention (CDC) Division of
Oral Health, to come to the
conference and present the
reasons why he believes it is
still a good idea to fluoridate
drinking water. In a letter
written in June,
The findings of the 2006 NRC
report on fluoride "are
consistent with our assessment
that water is safe and healthy
at the levels used for water
fluoridation (0.7-1.2 mg/L),"
As long as most public health
professionals' views on the
benefits and risks of fluoride
remain diametrically opposed to
the views of some researchers
who study the potential health
effects−even when they are both
evaluating the same evidence−it
is hard to imagine a near-term
resolution of this controversy.
Copyright © 2006 American
Chemical & Engineering News,
Five Basics for Nontoxic Cleaning
Producer, Green Living Channels
Learning to clean from scratch—making
home-made recipes—can truly work if you take time to understand a
bit about the chemistry behind how the materials work. Here are the
five ingredients that I find to be the safest, most effective, and
useful for cleaning.
A commonly available mineral full of many cleaning attributes,
baking soda is made from soda ash, and is slightly alkaline (it’s pH
is around 8.1; 7 is neutral). It neutralizes acid-based odors in
water, and adsorbs odors from the air. Sprinkled on a damp sponge or
cloth, baking soda can be used as a gentle nonabrasive cleanser for
kitchen counter tops, sinks, bathtubs, ovens, and fiberglass. It
will eliminate perspiration odors and even neutralize the smell of
many chemicals if you add up to a cup per load to the laundry. It is
a useful air freshener, and a fine carpet deodorizer.
A chemical neighbor of baking soda, washing soda (sodium carbonate)
is much more strongly alkaline, with a pH around 11. It releases no
harmful fumes and is far safer than a commercial solvent formula,
but you should wear gloves when using it because it is caustic.
Washing soda cuts grease, cleans petroleum oil, removes wax or
lipstick, and neutralizes odors in the same way that baking soda
does. Don’t use it on fiberglass, aluminum or waxed floors—unless
you intend to remove the wax.
White Vinegar and Lemon Juice
White vinegar and lemon juice are acidic—they neutralize alkaline
substances such as scale from hard water. Acids dissolve gummy
buildup, eat away tarnish, and remove dirt from wood surfaces.
Liquid Soaps and Detergent Liquid
soaps and detergents are necessary for cutting grease, and they are
not the same thing. Soap is made from fats and lye. Detergents are
synthetic materials discovered and synthesized early in this
century. Unlike soap, detergents are designed specifically so that
they don’t react with hard water minerals and cause soap scum. If
you have hard water buy a biodegradable detergent without perfumes;
if you have soft water you can use liquid soap (both are available
in health food stores).
Mold Killers and Disinfectants For
a substance to be registered by the EPA as a disinfectant it must go
through extensive and expensive tests. EPA recommends simple soap to
use as a disinfectant There are many essential oils, such as
lavender, clove, and tea tree oil (an excellent natural fungicide),
that are very antiseptic, as is grapefruit seed extract, even though
they aren’t registered as such. Use one teaspoon of essential oil to
2 cups of water in a spray bottle (make sure to avoid eyes). A
grapefruit seed extract spray can be made by adding 20 drops of
extract to a quart of water.
Make sure to keep all home-made formulas well-labeled, and out of
the reach of children.
Submitted By Sheri AWI ANIDA WAYA Burnett
Animal Rights... and
Gray Whale Nursery In Jeopardy
By Frances Beinecke, President, Natural Resources Defense Council
The fate of the world's last untouched gray whale nursery is hanging in the
balance. The good news is, we have a plan to save it forever. All we need is
your help to carry it out.
Mexico's San Ignacio Lagoon is the only gray whale birthing ground left on earth
that has not been despoiled by human encroachment.
Each winter, hundreds of pregnant gray whales swim 4,000 miles from the Arctic
to reach this perfect lagoon nursery. Mother whales give birth in the warm
tranquil waters and their one-ton newborns hone their swimming skills for the
arduous journey back to Alaska.
But there are ominous signs that this one-of-a-kind whale sanctuary may soon be
threatened by plans for industrialization . . . oil and gas drilling . . .
massive high-rise hotels . . . and resort marinas with ocean-bound ships.
That's why Natural Resources Defense Council and our Mexican partners launched
an ambitious campaign last year to save the whale's lagoon by buying up the
development rights to the surrounding one million acres and putting them
off-limits to industry forever.
At an average cost of only $10 per acre, saving the gray whale nursery is not
only feasible, it's a dream that people like you and me can turn into a
And we are. We've already raised over $1 million and permanently protected
120,000 acres along the whale's lagoon! Our plan is working, but time is short
and we have so much more of the whale's habitat to save.
Right now, we're starting Phase 2 of this urgent campaign to save the gray whale
Won't you help?
Please look into your own heart and decide what it's worth that the Pacific gray
whale will always have one perfect lagoon, where their newborns can enter the
world as Mother Nature intended -- wild and free.
Then go to
https://www.savebiogems.org/baja/donate.asp and make a generous donation
that will help save our planet's most important whale habitat. Thank you.
Animal Rights... and
Raccoons Terrorizing Neighborhood
According to articles from the Associated
Press, The Olympian, and other sources, wild raccoons are terrorizing
the city of Olympia, Washington. Now, it's not unusual (in fact, it's
typical) for these intelligent omnivores to frequent suburban metro
areas. The large abundance of scrap food in garbage - plus that doled
out by residents who think them "cute" - attracts the critters. Storm
drainage systems, low porches and decks, and the shady undersides of
elevated sheds give raccoons ideal places to live and raise their young.
They've lived peacefully in suburban Washington neighborhoods for years.
But apparently, the latest generation of raccoons in Olympia has become
a strain of vicious killers. One west-side neighborhood has reported
that an especially fearless tribe of these masked banditos has killed at
least 10 cats (and counting), has hauled off a small dog, and has bitten
at least one person who was attempting to drive them away from a family
pet. One resident likened them to street gangs in a news report, calling
them "urban" raccoons...
These street-smart varmints aren't afraid of people, firecrackers, or
all but the largest dogs. They're smart, too. Although they can be seen
predictably in the same areas every night, a professional trapper that
one neighborhood association hired has been able to capture only one in
six weeks. According to the trapper, the lead boar - an enormous male
with an uncommon bloodlust - has likely been trapped before, and is
teaching the others in his clan how to avoid traps.
Funny as it may sound, this roving clan of varmints is paralyzing the
neighborhood with fear. A recent community meeting on the matter had
around 40 attendees, and spurred the development of a "raccoon watch"
I probably don't have to tell you that raccoons are perhaps the #1
carrier of rabies in the U.S. - or that you should take precautions
yourself, even if you live in the inner city.
Submitted by Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett
Indians in the Americas: The Untold Story
have been many books written over the years promising to tell the true story of
the Native American Indians. Many, however, have been filled with misinformation
or derogatory views.
Finally, here is a
book that the Native American can believe in. It is well researched and tells
the true story of Native American accomplishments, challenges, and struggles.
SACRED SITE WATCH:
STOP FORCED RELOCATION ON BIG MOUNTAIN, BLACK MESA, AZ. TARGETED NAVAJO
COMMUNITIES SAY THAT NOW IS THE TIME TO TAKE ACTION!
Dear Friends of the Indigenous Peoples of Big Mountain, Black Mesa, AZ,
Something critical is about to happen concerning the traditional communities on
Big Mountain and surrounding areas on Black Mesa.
Today, more than 30 years after the passage of Public Law 93 - 531, the original
Navajo-Hopi Relocation bill, a new bill is before Congress that sets a new
timetable for the forced relocation of a number of Navajo families on Black
Senate bill S. 1003 "The Navajo Hopi Land Settlement Act Amendments of 2005" is
now on the Senate Calendar and may be passed at anytime without debate or
serious consideration unless the public acts now. The last major relocation bill
was approved by the Senate within a month after being placed on the Senate
Calendar and stayed in the House of Representatives less than a week before
becoming law. It's difficult to convey the serious nature of these new
developments. The passage of this bill would effectively devastate these
traditional communities of Navajo, or Dineh, stripping them of their identity
and way of life which is tied into the land itself..
Native people's lives and livelihoods are on the line!
This bill will permanently displace the indigenous families of Big Mountain and
surrounding communities on Black Mesa from their ancestral lands and will
relieve the federal government of any further responsibility for the relocated
people. S. 1003, sponsored by Senator John McCain (R-AZ), comes as Peabody Coal,
the world's largest coal company, is planning to expand its strip mining of
American Indian lands, drawing down a high-quality residential aquifer in the
process. Only one thing stands in Peabody's way: indigenous people live on the
land below which lies billions of tons of low-sulfur coal. As with their
ancestors, the land is the basis for the Black Mesa people's traditions,
spirituality, and livelihoods.
There is still time to act!
S 1003 may pass the Senate and the House of Representatives within the next few
weeks. Senate Bill 1003 may become law anytime now once again starting the
machine of forced relocation. But fortunately, a small window of opportunity
exists to stop it. It must first pass the Senate so the Senate Indian Affairs
Committee and your Senator must hear your voices today. The indigenous families
from the Big Mountain and Black Mesa communities have not been represented in
It's up to us the public and the international community to demand that Congress
educate themselves before they vote. After passing the earlier relocation act,
PL 93-531, in 1974, several Senators expressed misgivings about the law, but it
was too late. We cannot allow this to happen again.
The people of Big Mountain are asking us to jump in and shake up the political
landscape. Our outcry may be their only hope. We must tell those who would once
again sell out the people and the land that there will be a political price to
pay. It's easy to make decisions from afar if you never risk meeting the people
who will be affected. Demand that Congress listen to the people. Maybe it is
possible to reach their hearts.
In an era of transnational corporate dominance, the methods of separating
indigenous peoples from their land and natural resources have outstripped the
ability of any agency or nongovernmental organization to monitor or regulate.
The importance of building alliances cannot be stressed enough.
The elders of Big Mountain such as Roberta Blackgoat have shown us the way to
the survival of our planet and the danger to us all if sacred lands are
destroyed, warning us of what is now happening long before global warming and
gaia became common words. The people of Big Mountain can not win this fight
alone and need the support of all people who love justice, human rights, and the
Please join us, and ask your friends and family to do the same. Click on
the following link:
Thank you and Peace,
Black Mesa Indigenous Support
& HOLLER COLUMN
News and Notes From Indian Country
The Power Of One
This week I will begin my column with a quote instead of ending with
"It had been Nashibitti who had taught Leaphorn the words and legends of
the Blessing Way, taught him what the Holy People had told the Earth
Surface People about how to live, taught him the lessons of the Changing
Woman - that the only goal for man was beauty, and that beauty was found
only in harmony, and that this harmony of nature was a mater of dazzling
"When the dung beetle moves, Hasten Nashbitti had told him, "know that
something has moved it. And know that its movement affects the flight of
the sparrow, and that the raven deflects the eagle from the sky, and
that the eagle's stiff wing bends the will of the Wind People, and know
that all of this affects you and me, and the flea on the prairie dog and
the leaf on the cottonwood."
----------Dance Hall Of The Dead - Tony Hillerman pp. 76-77
Each and every one of us has the power to greatly effect the world by
individual and often seemingly insignificant acts. I am going to tell
you about some small ways you can make a big difference in the lives of
those who are among the most poor and vulnerable of our People and
become part of the Great Balancing.
For 4 years, Lola Davis of Excelsior Springs, Mo. has organized Comfort
Drives for the Lakota People. The following is her email detailing the
various projects that are being organized for this year. Maybe you will
find something here that you can handle.
"It is time again for our 4th Annual Project Warm Embrace Comfort Drive!
We hope that you will organize any groups that you are affiliated with
to do a collection for one or all of our four projects listed below. We
appreciate your compassion and interest in embracing your Lakota
brothers and sisters in South Dakota.
I. Project Warm Embrace Comfort Drive:
We have decided this year to collect only NEW comfort items, with the
exception of coats, snowsuits and blankets. Please limit your collection
to only the items listed below. All of the items are for men, women and
children. Regarding the Lakota Toy Drive and the Lakota-New Mom Care
Packages, we are asking for all NEW items only. We appreciate your
understanding. All of the items collected will be gifted to Lakota
pastors who are leading their people in South Dakota and they will gift
them to their congregations at the holidays. Our drive officially starts
on October 1 and runs through October 31. We will make our delivery
around the middle of November.
New: Hats, Gloves, Scarves, packages of socks, blankets, coats , snow
Lakota Toy Drive: We are
collecting specific toys listed below:
Boys : Cars, trucks, PS 2 games, Skateboards, EKO brand sweaters-lg, x-lg
and 2 x lg. and hooded sweatshirts. Nike sweatbands, watches,
basketballs, footballs, baseballs, portable cd players. ( Dollar general
has them for $5.00) chess and checker games.
Girls : Barbies, make up, dolls, doll strollers, hair ties, jewelry,
bags, purses, watches, basketballs, footballs, baseballs, portable cd
players. ( Dollar general has them for 5.00) EKO brand sweaters- and
Children's Books (ages 2-6),Coloring Books & packs of crayons (all
ages),Stuffed animals , Baby toys for infant to three.
New Moms Care Packages: We are collecting New Diaper Bags filled with
items for new mothers on the reservation. Please donate new diaper bags
filled with the following items: Package of Bottles & Bottle Liners,
wash rags, Bibs, Baby wash, Baby powder, Baby lotion, package of onesies
, Diaper rash ointment, mucous bulb Baby clippers, receiving blanket,
baby socks, baby hat, wet wipes and pacifiers.
Maybe a small package with lotions and soaps and small things for women.
You can mail your donations to Lola Davis,
34443 w 120thst., Excelsior Springs, Mo. 64024 Phone - 816-630-2942
If any of you ladies like to quilt, I am sure handmade baby quilts as
well as full size quilts would be most appreciated since many People
freeze to death on the reservations every winter. Lola told me that she
would welcome them any time of the year. You can mail them to her at the
Some Distant Wilderness
"Whole Indian Nations have
melted away like snowballs in the sun before the white man's
advance. They leave scarcely a name of our people except those
wrongly recorded by their destroyers. Where are the Delaware's?
They have been reduced to
a mere shadow of their former greatness. We had hoped that the white
men would not be willing to travel beyond the mountains. Now that
hope is gone. They have passed the mountains, and have settled upon
Tsalagi (Cherokee) land.
They wish to have that
usurpation sanctioned by treaty. When that is gained, the same
encroaching spirit will lead them upon other land of the Tsalagi
(Cherokees). New cessions will be asked. Finally the whole country,
which the Tsalagi (Cherokees) and their fathers have so long
occupied, will be demanded, and the remnant of the Ani Yvwiya, The
People, once so great and
formidable, will be compelled to seek refuge in some distant
wilderness. There they will be permitted to stay only a short while,
until they again behold the advancing banners of the same greedy
Not being able to point
out any further retreat for the miserable Tsalagi (Cherokees), the
extinction of the whole race will be proclaimed. Should we not
therefore run all risks, and incur all consequences, rather than to
submit to further loss of our country? Such treaties may be alright
for men who are too old to hunt or fight. As for me, I have my young
warriors about me. We will hold our land."
Attributed to Chief Dragging Canoe,
Chickamauga Tsalagi by
Jan Sorensen direct descendant
Submitted by Elisi SpiritDove`
- Carol Henderson
When I was a young man, 'The Secret Of
Life' did not mean much to me.
I was raised the old way with just barely
enough food to go around. With ten children, my parents did the
best they could. I learned to hunt and fish out of necessity when I
was about seven years old. But I can say one thing, 'I would not
change anything even if I were able to do so.
I have been asked the question 'What Is
The Secret Of Life? Now that I am 67 years of age, I have had a
lifetime to gather the answer to this most prized possession.
First, it is not the quantity of what a
person has but rather the quality! I have been blessed with
knowledge to share, it is not a lot (quantity) but the quality of
the knowledge is important and valuable.
Second, always treat others the way you
wish to be treated. You will gain many friends and these my son and
daughter, you cannot buy!
Third, never bite off more then you are
able to chew whether it be food, knowledge or your dealings with
others. Always be honest and up front in all your ways and you will
Fourth, Do what you can to help widows and
orphans in their time of need. Visit the sick and give them
These My Friends are the Secrets Of Life!
according to Hawk.
©Copyrighted by Daniel J. Hawk Hoffman Sr. ~Seven Hawks
New Words not found in Indian dictionaries... but should be:
Commodify (kah MOD if eye):
uncanny ability of Indian women to convert the ingredients of any standard
cookbook recipe to commodity ingredients such as powered milk, powered eggs
and canned meat.
Councilmenopause (cown sil MEN oh paws):
a disorder characterized by hot flashes, profuse sweating impairment of
speech and loss of memory; normally occurs only to tribal councilmen when
cornered by a constituent.
Triballistic (tribal ISS tik):
to become irrational and incoherent upon hearing the
latest self-serving, short-sighted and illogical decision made by the local
Snaggravated (SNAG ra vayt ed):
the annoying feeling one gets upon realizing that last night's snag isn't
quite as hot in the light of day.
Disunderstanding (DISS under stand ing):
when non-Indians think that they understand why tribes
and individual Indians are the way they are, but attribute any and all
behavior to the culture or the race.
Moccashoe (Mock ah shoe):
contemporary dancer footwear designed by beading the top of tennis shoes or
aquasocks instead of making moccasins the old fashion way.
Skinship (SKIN ship): the
eventual relative connection that all Indian people, discover within 10
minutes of meeting each other.
Vis a cheese
(VEES ah cheez): mode of exchange in which a block of
commidity cheese can purhase other goods or services.
Indinferior (IN din FEER ee your):
a manifestation of self oppression; the practice of
Indians looking down on other Indians for either not speaking the language
or not being full blood or not participating in ceremonies or not living on
the rez or not wearing braids or not dancing in powwows or not having ,etc.
BIease (BEE EYE eez): an
affliction within the Bureau of Indian Affairs characterized by the
inability to keep track of millions of dollars.
Rezercize (REZ er size): the
involuntary health regime of walking everywhere on the rez since your Indian
car broke down for good.
Fordrum (FORD drum): the
instrument used for singing purposes when a regular drum is not available;
usually the dented hood of a one eyed Ford.
PowWowVow (pow wow vow): the
standard pledge of the powwow Romeo: "Sure, baby, I'll meet you at the
next pow wow. Your're the only jingle dress dancer for me. Really! Look at
this face. Would I lie?"
Frybreadth (FRY bredth): a
unit of measurement based on the standard size of a piece of auntie's
AlterNative (alter NAY TIV):
an individual who was born and raised in the non
Indian culture but recently "discovered" a "hidden" Indian ancestor so now
uses pithy Indian phrases, assumes a name such as Laughing Rainbow, White
Blossom, or Dreams of Eagles, calls all Indian people Brother and Sister and
wears genuine Hong Kong beadwork; usually found in the East and West coast
region but had documented sighting in other regions as well.
Submitted by Juli Purcell and Donald Perrot
"The Natural Law is a spiritual
law. Its powers are both light and dark." -Oren
R. Lyons, Spokesman, Traditional Circle of Elders, Six Nations
There are some characteristics that are
evident in the system which the Creator made. He made balance,
harmony, and polarity. In other words, every (+) plus has a (-) minus.
Every positive has a negative; every up has a down; every problem has a
solution. The Spiritual Law is the same - it has light and dark.
Both are good, so both need to be honored. Lessons can be learned
from both sides.
teach me the powers of the Natural Laws.
By Don Coyhis
THE LEGEND OF ROLAND THE CHEROKEE
by Susan Bates, Ani Sahoni Clan Mother
Water Hollow Band of Chickamauga Cherokees
This Nation will soon celebrate its 230 birthday with fireworks and parades. But
for Native Americans, the 4th of July isn't necessarily a happy holiday,
considering this land was taken from us at the cost of so many lives. Whole
families, whole Nations have been sacrificed in the name of God for greed.
And it continues today from coast to coast and ocean to ocean. Entire forests
are being slaughtered and when the rains come and wash the hillside away and the
earth flows into the rivers and streams, people wonder why our waters are
polluted. People clambor for higher wages and watch in dismay as our jobs
disappear into other countries who don't even pay their workers a living wage.
Drug companies develop drugs for diseases unheard of just a few years ago and
convince people they need them but many can't afford the high prices they must
Our People understood what it means to live in balance. They knew that to
destroy the Earth meant to destroy her children. It is very tempting to say, "I
can't do anything about this. I'm only one person." But let me tell you a story
about one person - a man named Roland, a Cherokee by blood and by heart, who saw
something wrong happening to his people and their Homeland and, knowing he could
not win, chose to fight the battle anyway.
In the 1960's, the Federal Government decided to build a dam on the Tellico
River in Tennessee which would flood the ancient Peace Town of Chota along with
many other Cherokee towns and sacred places. Billed by the government and
environmentalists as a move to save the "snail darter" many people who lived in
the area sued to stop the dam project. But the government would not be deterred
and passed a law, known as the Duncan Amendment, which exempted Tellico Dam from
all federal and state laws including religious freedom, historical and
environmental laws. Jimmy Carter signed this bill into being on September 25,
340 families, many of them Cherokee, were displaced. Not only was 16,000 acres
of land stolen for the lake, but an additional 22,000 acres was taken and turned
over to wealthy and politically connected people. Yet little mention of it was
made in the papers of the day.
Goliath George, an elder of the Cherokee Nation, told this story of an elderly
medicine man he had listened to as a boy. "He would talk to my people from atop
a hickory stump, notched so he could climb on top and look out over the valley.
He talked about what would happen in four or maybe five generations. He said the
valley would be covered with water - our forefathers would be on the bottom of
the valley looking up through a wall of glass. Tears rolled down his cheeks when
he said that one day the people would once again be put to the test of holding
on to that which is sacred or giving up forever another part of their lives."
(as quoted therein, from The New York Times, November 11, 1979) Graves of white
people were moved to higher ground, but a judge ruled that Indian graves would
remain. On a cold December night, a Cherokee
man named Roland ignored the No Trespassing signs and walked to the old
archeological dig at Chota. Soon the dam would close and the graves of our
ancestors and their sacred city would be no more.
Roland climbed through the barbed wire fence and approached the site of the
ancient council house. A granite boulder marked the site of the Ancient Fire.
Taking his pipe from his jacket, he began a prayer ceremony which lasted through
the night as the waters began to spill over the banks of the river. Then,
stripping off his clothes, Roland tied himself to the ancient boulder.
In silence Roland listened to the sigh of rising waters and watched the light in
the eastern sky deepen from rose to powerful crimson. Fixing his eyes on the
crest of the mountain, he aimed his spirit to the mark. 'You profane the sacred
bones. You pour concrete on the living. I, Roland the Cherokee, call this ground
sacred. I set myself an arrow to the bow.'
On a distant hill, as he'd promised Roland he would do, an old kinsman sat in
the notch of a tall oak stump and kept the watch until the young man's spirit
arched into the sky. Then the old man climbed down from the stump and took the
message to the people: "Begin again."
YOU ARE CORDIALLY INVITED TO JOIN
THE MANATAKA WOMEN'S COUNCIL
'CIRCLE OF FRIENDSHIP'
The Manataka Women's Council 'Circle of Friendship; meets the first Saturday of
each month in the home of Bear, Becky & Amanda Moore, located at 136 Waine Place
in Hot Springs, from 11:30 AM until 2:00 PM. Coffee is provided, food and other
soft beverages are brought by individuals to share.
Craft Classes --
Bring $25 or supplies to begin assembling women's breastplates. Weather
permitting we will adjourn to Gulpha Gorge for hikes to Goat Rock
and Indian Mountain, drumming and a cookout.
Fall Women's Council Healing Retreat hosted by Cheryl Wilkinson, 1220 Reed
Loop, Atkins, Arkansas. This event is for women only--absolutely
no males. Females of all ages are welcome and do not have to be
Manataka members to attend. Activities include potluck meals,
singing, drumming, teachings, sharing and a woman's sweat. Please
bring drinks, lawn chairs, bedding, cots or air mattresses, sweat
clothes, and drums.
Christmas Party -- Bring a handmade gift or one costing
under $10.00 to exchange. Those who wish to donate to the Food
Basket for the deserving we ask that you bring your non-perishables. No
white sugar, white salt, white rice, candy, junk snacks please.
Donations of nonperishable food items,
toiletries, and bio-friendly cleaning supplies will be accepted and are greatly appreciated. As
the holidays and winter approach the request for assistance by those in need
Please direct any questions our comments to Becky 'Flaming Owl Peacekeeper'
Moore at firstname.lastname@example.org
Please Join Us!
Fry Bread (nutrition)
By Tantri Wija, The New Mexican
My concern is that so many natives consider it Traditional food. It came from
commodities an effort to kill off Natives through nutritional genocide.
It may be a cliché to say that wherever one finds North American Indians, one
finds frybread, but it isn't necessarily untrue.
Whether or not one believes the simple fried dough has a genuine place in a
tribe's traditions, almost every Native American gathering features the soft,
often sugar-dusted dough.
The role of frybread in American Indian culture dates to the second half of the
19th century, when tribes forced to move to reservations were given
"commodities" - or government rations - consisting largely of flour and lard.
With these unfamiliar, limited and nutrition-poor ingredients, they created
frybread and adopted it as a dietary staple.
According to Joyce Begay-Foss, the director of education at the Museum of Indian
Arts & Culture, "(Frybread) was a survival food that came out of being rounded
up and put in captivity and given commodities that (American Indians) weren't
used to having. (The government) even gave them coffee beans, and they weren't
used to coffee. It made them sick.
"They struggled to figure out what to do with flour and lard and things that
they weren't used to eating," Begay-Foss, a Navajo, said. "And that totally
changed their diet."
Most cultures have some version of a simple fried dough; frybread is not all
that different from a doughnut, a beignet, a sopaipilla, a buñuelo, a johnnycake
or a poori, for example.
Indian frybread also is similar to the fried dough that American settlers ate
while crossing the prairie on their way west. In John Steinbeck's novel The
Grapes of Wrath, the impoverished, itinerant Okies eat fried dough for every
Frybread also has become popular in the larger American culture. The Cheesecake
Factory - a national casual-dining chain - has frybread on its menus, and one
can sometimes find it, dressed up in truffles or gourmet chocolate, among the
selections of some of the pricier restaurants around town. Ironically, even the
government has officially recognized frybread: It was named the state bread of
South Dakota in 2005.
Though eating fried dough is not unique to American Indians, many permutations
of the dish are distinctively Native. In New Mexico, for example, one can order
a Navajo burger - a burger folded in frybread - and Navajo or Indian tacos -
frybread topped with beans, cheese, lettuce, meat and other savory fillings. The
replacement of the tortilla with the round frybread is distinctive to
What is also uniquely Native is frybread's role in the history - past and
present - of the people who consume it. Indian frybread has lately come under
fire for its unhealthiness as well as its cultural implications.
In her January 2005 article in Indian Country Today, American Indian activist
Susan Harjo asked her fellow Indians to abstain from frybread because it
contributes to the high obesity rates on reservations and, as she put it, gives
the impression of Natives as "simple-minded people who salute the little grease
bread and get misty-eyed about it."
Harjo is referring to frybread's origins as a product of government rations,
implying that by continuing to consume frybread every day, Americans Indians are
perpetuating the indignities thrust upon them in the past.
"If frybread were a movie, it would be hard-core porn," Harjo writes. "No
redeeming qualities. Zero nutrition."
Not everyone would agree with Harjo.
Lois Ellen Frank, author of the award-winning cookbook Foods of the Southwest
Indian Nations, is part Kiowa and a doctoral candidate in cultural anthropology
at The University of New Mexico. Frank has been doing extensive research on
foods, especially the connection between food and culture in American Indian
"Frybread has really an interesting history," Frank said, "and from a Native
American perspective, it's split.
"On one side they love frybread, they cook it every day, and they consider it a
traditional food. (So) I would say yes, it is traditional from the perspective
that it's been around for 150 years."
But there's now a second wave of reaction to frybread that Frank calls the
"Because diabetes is rampant - as high as 90 percent on some reservations,
primarily Type II - the diet has deviated so far from its origins that people
are very concerned," Frank said.
She also points out that frybread has become symbolic of some Native health
problems even if it's not necessarily the primary cause of those conditions.
"My prediction," Frank said, "is we're going to see frybread become iconic.
There used to be T-shirts that said 'Frybread power.' Now there are T-shirts
with a red circle with a line through it (meaning) 'No frybread.' We want to be
The reintroduction of traditional foods such as cacti, beans, corn and pinocha,
as well as an increase in activity associated with farming those foods, could be
key to turning the American Indian diabetes epidemic around, Frank said.
"When you reintroduce traditional food," she said, "it brings back all the
culture associated with the indigenous food, which is as vitally important as
the food itself. Not only is the food important from a health standard, but all
the group activities have been given new life, things that have almost
disappeared - a renewal of old traditions that have cultural importance."
In small amounts, contemporary versions of frybread - topped with cinnamon and
powdered sugar or honey or chile and beans - are a recipe for pure heaven. In
larger amounts, the dinner-plate sized delight has been linked to obesity on
There are ways to reduce the fat content - by frying the bread discs in
vegetable oil, for example. Some feel that nothing is as tasty as the original
lard-fried version, but Begay-Foss insists it can be just as good made with corn
or vegetable oil.
"The trick is to have really hot oil - the bread absorbs the grease if you
don't. I've been out on the reservation where people have put blue cornmeal in
the dough," she said. "I think there are some people looking at changing the
recipe so it's a little healthier."
Begay-Foss also points out, however, that frybread cannot be blamed for
everything; there is a strong junk-food culture on many reservations, she said.
"People who are at risk with diabetes should try and avoid these kinds of
foods," she said.
Not going away
Both Begay-Foss and Frank hope American Indians will reintroduce healthier
Native foods into their diets rather than banish frybread and blame it for
health problems that are probably caused by a larger pattern of poor
nutrition and high junk-food consumption.
"(Frybread) has become a traditional food," Begay-Foss said, "even though it
wasn't one prior to the 1800s. But things change with time, and now it is a
Given the considerable persuasive powers of a warm, sugary piece of frybread and
its deeply entrenched position in American Indian culture, it's doubtful that
large numbers of American Indians will abstain as Harjo advocates.
Both Frank and Begay-Foss say that, eaten once in a while, frybread can satisfy
the human craving for fat, salt and sugar like nothing else.
"We go to a lot of social things," Begay-Foss said. "The frybread's there; it's
not going away. It has a lot of cultural value: You mention the word 'frybread,'
and you think of being somewhere on the reservation. ... But people have to do
it in moderation."
The following recipes are excerpted from Food of the Southwest Indian Nations:
Traditional and Contemporary Native American Recipes by Lois Ellen Frank (10
Speed Press, 2002):
You can serve frybread plain, with powdered sugar sprinkled on it, or made into
an Indian Taco (recipes below). "Either way, it's delicious," Frank writes.
(Makes 16 breads)
4 cups flour
2 tablespoons baking powder
1 teaspoon salt
2 cups warm water
Vegetable oil or shortening, melted, for frying
Mix the flour, baking powder and salt in a large bowl. Gradually stir in the
water until the dough becomes soft and pliable without sticking to the bowl.
Knead the dough on a lightly floured surface or in the bowl for 5 minutes,
folding the outer edges of the dough toward the center. Return the dough
to the bowl, cover with a clean towel and let rest for 30 minutes to allow it to
Shape the dough into egg-sized balls and roll out to a thickness of 1/2 inch (or
thinner, for crispier bread) on a lightly floured board. It is traditional to
use your hands, but a rolling pin can be used as well. Try it with your
hands and then, if you are having difficulty, roll the dough out.
Place a piece of dough between your hands and pat it from hand to hand as you
would a tortilla or pizza dough until it has stretched to 8 to 12 inches in
diameter. Repeat with the rest of the dough.
With your finger, poke a small hole in the center of each piece to prevent
bursting during frying.
Pour about 11/2 inches of oil into a large frying pan or saucepan (the
saucepan's greater depth will prevent the oil from splattering) and heat over
medium heat until the oil is hot but not smoking.
Carefully place a piece of the dough in the hot oil, slipping it in gently to
avoid splattering. Cook until the dough turns golden brown and puffs. Turn over
with two forks and cook until both sides are golden brown.
Remove and drain on paper towels until the excess oil is absorbed. Repeat
this with each piece of dough. Keep warm between two clean kitchen towels in the
oven set on low. Serve immediately.
"The Indian Taco has become one of today's best-known Native American dishes,"
Frank writes. "It is served at national fairs, intertribal powwows, and
community events, both on the reservations and in urban areas. Its base, unlike
the more familiar Mexican-style taco, is a piece of frybread."
1 cup dried pinto beans
4 green New Mexico or Anaheim chiles
1 tablespoon olive oil
1 onion, coarsely chopped
1 pound lean ground beef
1 teaspoon salt
6 pieces Indian frybread
2 cups lettuce, shredded
2 tomatoes, diced
2 cups grated cheddar cheese
To prepare the pinto beans, soak them overnight in water to cover. The next day,
drain the beans and place them in a saucepan with fresh water to cover. Bring to
a boil, decrease the heat and let the beans simmer until the skins break and the
beans are soft, about 3 hours. It may be necessary to add water as the beans
cook to prevent them from burning and sticking. After the beans are cooked,
remove from the heat and set aside. You should have about 2 cups of cooked
While the beans are cooking, roast, peel, seed and de-vein the chilies and then
In a skillet over medium-high heat, add the oil and sauté the onion for 3
minutes until translucent, then add the ground beef and cook for another 5 to 6
minutes, until the meat has browned. Pour off any fat. Add the beans, chiles and
salt and decrease heat and cook for another 5 minutes. Remove from the heat and
Make the frybread according to the recipe and set aside.
Reheat the meat, bean and chile mixture so it is warm and begin building your
tacos. Place some of the meat, bean and chile mixture, about 1 cup, on top of
each piece of frybread. Place some lettuce, diced tomatoes and grated cheese on
top of the meat, bean and chile mixture. Serve immediately.
"This version of the Indian Taco includes ingredients that you will not see in
the traditional version," Frank writes, "except for its frybread base." The
recipe calls for anasazi beans instead of the traditional pinto beans - but you
can substitute pintos if you cannot find anasazis, which are usually available
at Santa Fe's natural foods markets.
Indian Tacos: Modern Version
11/2 cups dried anasazi beans
6 green New Mexico or Anaheim chiles
1 large red bell pepper
6 pieces Indian frybread
11/2 cups mâche or arugula, washed and stemmed
1 large ripe red tomato, sliced
2 ripe avocados, halved and sliced
1 red onion, thinly sliced
1 bunch red radishes, sliced
18 golden yellow plum tomatoes, halved
To prepare the anasazi beans, soak them overnight in water to cover. The next
day, drain the beans and place them in a saucepan with fresh water to cover.
Bring to a boil, decrease the heat, and let the beans simmer until the skins
break and the beans are soft, about 3 hours. It may be necessary to add water as
the beans cook to prevent them from burning
and sticking. After the beans are cooked, remove from the heat and set aside.
You should have about 3 cups of cooked beans.
While the beans are cooking, roast, seed and devein the chiles and the red bell
pepper. Leave the green chiles whole; slice the red bell pepper lengthwise into
Make the frybread according to the recipe and set aside.
Reheat the beans so they are warm and begin building your tacos. Place 1/2 cup
cooked beans on each piece of frybread. For each taco, add 1/4 cup mâche,
followed by a red tomato slice; add 4 slices avocado and 1 slice red onion
separated into rings; follow with radish slices and 6 golden yellow plum tomato
halves; and top with 1 roasted green chile and 2 slices roasted red bell pepper.
You can vary the toppings and the order in which the taco is built. Serve
Magdala, Maya Priestess
Beautiful Sisters and Brothers all over the world,
Many cultures has spoken about the return of the Christ, the
return of Quetzaltcoatl, the return of the Buda, Quan Yin, White Buffalo
calf women, Ix Chel and many others.
The prophesies has been fulfilled, for she has return, for it
is the feminine Christ the one that is open the doors for the many.
She is the Counselor, the comforter, the one that consuls the
humanity, the one that alleviate by showing the ways of the spirit, the
teacher that resides in the heart.
She is indeed the Holy Spirit, the one that have come to
consummate every single religion, or tradition, she has indeed many faces,
and understand many languishes for she have only one languish, the languish
of the heart, She is now the voice of the many, all over the world.
She is here in the virtual reality and giving the medicine in
the virtual realm, for she is awakening the heart of the many.
She has fulfilled all lives for she is all the expressions of
life; she is the essence of all life.
The feminine Quetzatcoatl, the feminine Christ, is bringing
back the union of polarities knowledge, for the heart and mind must walk
together as one; she is in-light-ing the mind of the many. Oneness is
possible when these two powerful forces walk together, holding hands, then,
Oneness become a way of living, the heart and the expresion, and all is
inside of the self.
All ceremonies, rituals, in all religions are coming back to
life again because she has brought the heart back into ceremonies, in the
ordinary and extraordinary; for she has been call the resurrector, for she
is the awakener of life.
She holds the cycles of life , she is indeed the light giver,
the Holy Spirit that is in the realm of the holiness.
The feminine Christ is the one that awake peace into the
heart, for love is her ways inside and outside of her, love have mark her
way in the history of this planet, for enlighten come through her.
She has come to stay, to live among true humans until humans
recognize the essence of life, the ether, the sacredness that resides
inside of all life, for she is indeed the life giver, and recognize the one
that she has giving light.
Call upon her, she will consol and alleviate and bring you
back to balance for balance is her ways, for balance is sacred manner.
Don’t be afraid of her, or run from her, don’t push her away
from you, for she is life, in the holy expression, she will make you whole.
Listen to her, honor her, recognize her as she is recognizing you, love her,
and through that love she will give you light, you will be resurrected, she
is indeed, the Mother of all the living. Just listen to her, she lives in
your heart, dance with her. She will bring you back your original
vibration, the true human being.
Go back to ceremonies, and just put the heart, in every
single one of them.
I am You
by Magdala Ramirez
Sacred Sex - Ancient
Teachings for Women is a book about the emerging of the
feminine that is taking place today all over the world.
The women are truly creating the new world. And as this
new world is created, the women are in need of the
ancient wisdom that holds the understanding of the
sacredness of the feminine and the knowledge of how the
women must understand and embrace their divinity. Sex is
the door from which human beings entered into this
realm, and the way to move on is to become one again
within the self. Sacred love is the way of becoming one
with the self - uniting both the feminine and masculine
sides of yourself. We have waited a long time for this
book to be written and for this story to be told. When
the feminine was hidden, the human beings could not find
that part of themselves to create this sacred bonding.
Now, with the emerging of the feminine, human beings can
embrace love as the bonding, making the inside self and
the outside self the same. Peace can be brought into the
world. Soft Cover, 190 pages, ISBN: 1419639242
WOMEN'S FUNNY BONES....
WOMAN'S PERFECT BREAKFAST
She's sitting at the table with her gourmet coffee.
Her son is on the cover of the Wheaties box.
Her daughter is on the cover of Business Week.
Her boyfriend is on the cover of Playgirl.
And her husband is on the back of the milk carton.
"Cash, check or charge?" I asked, after folding items the woman wished to
purchase. As she fumbled for her wallet, I noticed a remote
control for a television set in her purse. "So, do you always carry your TV
remote?" I asked. "No," she replied, "but my husband refused to come
shopping with me, and I figured this was the most evil thing I could do to
(A MAN'S PERSPECTIVE)
I know I'm not going to understand women. I'll never understand
how you can take boiling hot wax, pour it onto your upper thigh, rip
the hair out by the root, and still be afraid of a spider.
While attending a Marriage Seminar dealing with communication, Tom and
his wife Grace listened to the instructor,
"It is essential that husbands and wives know each other's likes and
dislikes." He addressed the man, "Can you name your wife's favorite flower?"
Tom leaned over, touched his wife's arm gently and whispered, "It's
Pillsbury, isn't it?
WIFE VS. HUSBAND
A couple drove down a country road for several miles, not saying a word.
An earlier discussion had led to an argument and neither of them wanted to
concede their position. As they passed a barnyard of mules, goats, and pigs,
the husband asked sarcastically, "Relatives of yours?" "Yep," the wife
A husband read an article to his wife about how many words women use a
day... 30,000 to a man's 15,000. The wife replied, "The reason
has to be because we have to repeat everything to men... The husband
then turned to his wife and asked, "What?"
A man said to his wife one day, "I don't know how you can be so stupid
and so beautiful all at the same time. "The wife responded,
"Allow me to explain. God made me beautiful so you would be attracted
to me; God made me stupid so I would be attracted to you!
WHO DOES WHAT
A man and his wife were having an argument about who should brew the
coffee each morning.
The wife said, "You should do it because you get up first, and then we don't
have to wait as long to get our coffee. The husband said, "You are in
charge of cooking around here and you should do it, because that is your
job, and I can just wait for my coffee." Wife replies, "No, you should
do it, and besides, it is in the Bible that the man should do the coffee."
Husband replies, "I can't believe that, show me." So she fetched the
Bible, and opened the New Testament and showed him at the top of several
pages, that it indeed says ....... "HEBREWS"
The Silent Treatment
A man and his wife were having some problems at home and were giving
each other the silent treatment. Suddenly, the man realized that the
next day, he would need his wife to wake him at 5:00 AM for an early morning
business flight. Not wanting to be the first to break the
silence (and LOSE), he wrote on a piece of paper, "Please wake m e at 5:00
AM." He left it where he knew she would find it. The next morning, the man
woke up, only to discover it was 9:00 AM and he had missed his flight
Furious, he was about to go and see why his wife hadn't wakened him, when he
noticed a piece of paper by the bed. The paper said, "It is 5:00 AM. Wake
up." Men are not equipped for these kinds of contests.
God may have created man before woman, but there is always a rough draft
before the masterpiece.
Submitted by Elaine Yamaoka
Fall From Father Sky
Sky blacker than black—flashing light,
Illuminates the night,
Electric fingers spreading, stretching across
Floods the plain,
Death revealed and uncovered,
Under the enormity of Spiritual light,
In the deadest of night,
The master’s tears come down upon bodies still,
Eyes of stillness reflecting the night’s
A puff of wind lifts up soles and spirals them
Covered and washed away,
The grass grows greener there,
The wind whispers across the plain,
They will be back, for this is hallowed ground,
His tears soaked this ground and keep it forever
Foot prints left in softened earth,
Shows the way to the ancestors dement ion,
The cougar and the mountain sheep,
Lay together in harmonious sleep.
My Vision My Dream Osceola Birdman