Manataka American Indian Council

 

 

PLANT MEDICINE...

 

 

 

Quinoa, Sacred Crop of the Incas

 

Quinoa has been produced in South America since 3000 B.C., and although the Spanish conquistadors all but eliminated the existence of quinoa in an attempt to destroy the

 

South American natives and their culture, quinoa is still an important seed crop for human consumption in the Andean region of South America.

Quinoa is able to grow in the severe cold and high altitude of the "altiplano" region of the Andes.

Although quinoa is considered a grain, it's technically the seed of a plant related to the beet, chard and spinach plants, and has been classified as a pseudo-cereal. Quinoa can be substituted for almost any grain in any dish from soup to salad.

The major quinoa producing countries are Peru, Bolivia and Ecuador, and although North American farmers are growing quinoa, they have been unable to match the quality of the quinoa grown in the Andean countries.

 

Health Benefits

 

Nutrients
Quinoa is an excellent source of magnesium and manganese. Itís a very good source of protein, vitamin B2, vita≠min E, and dietary fiber. Itís a good source of the minerals iron, phosphorus, copper, and zinc

 

Gluten Free
Quinoa is gluten free, and is a safe alternative for wheat/gluten intolerant individuals, and celiac disease sufferers.

 

Weight Loss
Quinoa has been found to be more satiating than wheat or rice, and may be exploited for itís potential impact on eating behavior.

 

Malnutrition
A study by the Department of Applied Nutrition and Food Chemistry in Sweden has demonstrated the effectiveness of quinoa as an infant food for undernourished children.

 

Protein
Quinoa not only has high protein content, but the protein is of an exceptionally high quality.  It contains all the essential amino acids, making quinoa an excellent protein source for vegetarians. Quinoa is being considered by NASA as a crop for Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) because of its high protein value and unique amino acid composition. The CELSS concept will utilize plants to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and generate food, oxygen, and water for the crew of long-term human space missions.

 

Nutrient Values of Quinoa per 100mg

Calories
120kcal
Energy Value
503kj
Total Fat
1.92g
Carbohydrates
21.30g
Sugars
3g
Dietary Fiber
2.8g
Protein
4.40g
Sodium
7mg
Zinc
1.09mg
Potassium
172mg
Iron
1.49mg
Magnesium
64mg
Copper
0.192mg
Calcium
17mg
Vitamin C
0.0mg
 
Vitamin E
0.63mg
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
0.412mg
Vitamin B6
0.123mg
Vitamin B1 (Thiamin)
0.107mg
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)
0.110mg
 

Quinoa contains oxalate, and should be avoided by individuals with a history of kidney stones containing oxalate.

 

~Submitted by Gray Beard Vinson

 


 

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