Manataka American Indian Council







Schaghticoke Indian Tribe



General History of the Schaghticoke



The Schaghticoke are a Native American tribe of the Eastern Woodlands consisting of descendants of Mahican (also called "Mohican", but not to be confused with the Mohegans), Potatuck (or Pootatuck), Weantinock, Tunxis, Podunk, and other people indigenous to what is now Connecticut, New York, and Massachusetts, who amalgamated after encroachment of white settlers on their ancestral lands. Their 400 acre (1.6 km²) reservation  is located on the New York/Connecticut border within the boundaries of Kent in Litchfield County, Connecticut running parallel with the Housatonic River.


One of the oldest reservations in North America, reserve land was granted to the Schaghticoke in the year 1736 by the General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut, 40 years prior to the formation of the United States. The language/ culture base is Algonquian with Iroquois influence. Tribe members trace their heritage to the first sachem, Gideon Mauwee, through his grandson Truman Bradley.


Schaghticoke is pronounced /skęt.ə.kok/ SCAT-uh-coke or /skęt.ə.kk/ SCAT-uh-cook (early colonial spelling: Scaticook) derived from an Algonquian word Pishgoch-ti-goch meaning "Where the river forks." Schaghticoke (village), New York, between the city of Troy in eastern NY and Bennington, VT, took its name from this tribe.



Highlights of Colonial and Modern Schaghticoke History





Comments from Mickey Roth, SIT Executive Coordinator:


"Schaghticoke Indian Tribe is a Algonquin speaking people known as the Old Ones.  During the colonial war for Independence, during the Battle of the Sparrow and the Hawk, the Algonquin (Schaghticoke) fought on the side of  George Washington's colonialist troops against the British.  The Iroquois fought on the side of the British against the colonies.


In 1736, all land west of the Housatonic River reserve land was granted to the Schaghticoke by the General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut, 40 years prior to the formation of the United States in 1776.


We have sat quietly for many years as over seers where appointed and sold off or gave away almost all of our lands with very little restitution.  


In 1981 the Schaghticoke Indian Tribe (S.I.T.) filed a petition for federally recognition.


In 1986, the tribe split and the Schaghticoke Tribal Nation of Kent, Connecticut (STNKC) was formed with the support of the state of Connecticut government.  Using the identity of SIT, through formation of a nonprofit corporation, in 1991 STNKC filed a new petition for federal recognition that was granted in 2004.  However, STNKC members did not live on the reservation and STNKC claims were rejected by the Bureau of Indian Affairs because it did not meet certain community and political authority sections of federal recognition law. 


The BIA's decision determined that the Schaghticoke Indian Tribe (SIT) is the legitimate present-day continuation of the historical Schaghticoke Tribe.


SIT claims will be considered by the federal government when its petitions are complete and reviewed under the acknowledgment regulations.


The SIT is ready to move forward.



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