Manataka American Indian Council   Volume XIl  Issue 11 November 2008


SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Manataka - Preserving The Past Today For Tomorrow

NOVEMBER ISSUE

Page 3 of 3

 


 

Contents:              

Announcement: Open Attendance at Manataka Gatherings
History: Exemplar of Liberty: Chatper 10 - Kindling a New Grand Council Fire

 Grandfather King Coke Speaks:

Grandfather Hawk Speaks Speaks:

Healing With Love Part 4

Who really is my brother?

Feature Story: Oaks Indian Mission
Elder's Meditations: Chuck Ross, Lakota
Women's Circle: The International Council of Thirteen Indigenous Grandmothers
Food & Nutrition: Pumpkin Pie and Pumpkin Rolls
Book Reviews: The Red-Black Connection
Poetry Circle:

Indian in the Living Room

Healing Prayer Basket: Crossing Over, Sickness, and Memorials
Manataka  Business: Meetings, Protocols, Events

 

      


ANNOUNCEMENTS 

 

Attendance Policy Change

Open the doors and let 'em in!  The upcoming Gatherings will have no restrictions on attendance - members and nonmembers alike may join in the prayerful ceremonies.  Current members, former members and guests are not required to request an invitation.  Manataka will continue to not advertise or promote Gatherings to the public.

 

Renew your membership today!

 


 

HISTORY.... 

 

The November issue features Chatper 10 - Kindling a New Grand Council Fire of a 13 Part  series on the founding of the United States of America and the previously misunderstood and often discounted, yet tremendous contributions of American Indians in the process.    

 

Exemplar of Liberty:

Native America and the Evolution of Democracy

By Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr. and Dr. Bruce E. Johansen

Original Artwork by John Kahionhes Fadden
Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.

 

Index

Foreword by Vine Deloria, Jr.

Chapter   1 - Vox Americana

Chapter   2 - Perceptions of America's Native Democracies

Chapter   3 - Natural Man In An Unnatural Land

Chapter   4 - Ennobling 'Savages'

Chapter   5 - Errand In The Wilderness

Chapter   6 - White Roots Reach Out

Chapter   7 - Mohawks, Axes and Taxes

Chapter   8 - A New Chapter

Chapter   9 - American Synthesis

Chatper 10 - Kindling a New Grand Council Fire

Chapter 11 - The Persistence of an Idea -- Coming in December 2008


 

 

THE HAWK SPEAKS

By Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman

 

Who really is my brother?

 

This truly is an interesting subject. I have had the honor to attend many Native American Indian Gatherings called, ‘Powwow’s where the spirit of the event causes one to excel greatly and get caught up with the spirit of friendship. But does this spiritual feeling when getting to know new friends really make these people your brothers and sisters? The answer is clear, when observing the habits of newly found so-called friends are not as spiritual as they should seem, then this is the time to decide whether these people deserve to be called, Brothers or not.

 

I am happy to report that it is not very often that when I meet new people that I have a bad feeling about them because of the way they treat others. I have been adopted by several brothers and sisters as either an uncle or a grandfather. What a happy feeling you can have when someone that you have just met comes up to you and asks do you mind if I call you uncle? Or even gives you a big hug and says, is it all right if I call you grandfather?

 

READ MORE...

 


 

 

Grandfather Speaks

 

 

Healing With Love Part 4

By Robert Gray Hawk Coke

  

The Bible teaches us that what we sow we will reap.

 

Therefore:     

Hate begot Hate; Anger begot Anger; Fear begot Fear

 

Safety begot Safety; Comfort begot Comfort

Love begot Love

 

The last three - safety, comfort, love -  must be present to make this work for everyone.

 

When I am totally open, give unconditional pure love and expect nothing in return, I get the same back 97 to 98% of the time. The unresponsive people mostly just have a puzzled look on their face as if they just did not know what happened to them.

 

READ MORE....

 

 


 

FEATURE...

 

Oaks Indian Mission

 

Image courtesy of the Moravian Archives www.moravianarchives.org

 

 

A small band of Moravians arrived on these shores in the mid-1700 with a deep sense of mission to proclaim the Good News of Jesus Christ.  The Cherokee had a remarkable gift of hospitality and a vision of growing stronger as a nation from a partnership with their new neighbor.  Somewhere in that blessed connection, Springplace Mission was born in northern Georgia a few miles from New Echota, capital of the Cherokee Nation.

 

It did not happen overnight.  Over the course of two decades, as trust was building between the two very different cultures.  In the autumn of 1801, the Mission got its official start when the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, James Vann, gave his home to the Moravian missionaries for use as a school.

 

Within a few years, many of the future leaders of the Cherokee Nation passed through the classrooms at Springplace Mission, Elias Boudinot among them. 

 

READ MORE.... 


 

 

FUNNY BONES

No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.

 

A Native American and his friend were in downtown New York City, walking near Times Square in Manhattan. It was during the noon lunch hour and the streets were filled with people. Cars were honking their horns, taxicabs were squealing around corners, sirens were wailing, and the sounds of the city were almost deafening. Suddenly, the Native American said, "I hear a cricket."

His friend said, "What? You must be crazy. You couldn't possibly hear a cricket in all of this noise!"

"No, I'm sure of it," the Native American said, "I heard a cricket."

"That's crazy," said the friend.

The Native American listened carefully for a moment, and then walked across the street to a big cement planter where some shrubs were growing. He looked into the bushes, beneath the branches, and sure enough, he located a small cricket. His friend was utterly amazed.

"That's incredible," said his friend. "You must have super-human ears!"

"No," said the Native American. "My ears are no different from yours. It all depends on what you're listening for."

"But that can't be!" said the friend. "I could never hear a cricket in this noise."

"Yes, it's true," came the reply. "It depends on what is really important to you. Here, let me show you."

He reached into his pocket, pulled out a few coins, and discreetly dropped them on the sidewalk. And then, with the noise of the crowded street still blaring in their ears, they noticed every head within twenty feet turn and look to see if the money that tinkled on the pavement was theirs.

"See what I mean?" asked the Native American. "It all depends on what's important to you."

 


Maggie's

 

SOAP NUTS

 

A Great NEW Gift IDEA for the Holidays

THE SOAP THAT GROWS ON TREESTM


 

 

ELDER'S MEDITATION

"The Elders say that if you want something good, you have to suffer for it."  --Chuck Ross, Lakota
 
People sometimes have a misconception of sacrifice.  This is a strong word for Indian people.  On the other side of sacrifice is another whole world.  During sacrifice, our beliefs are tested.  We may all have good beliefs but if you test a good belief, then you get real beliefs.  Real beliefs make new people; real beliefs make new self images.  Real beliefs allow determination and desires and faith to come true.  Good is always available to us but we often can't bring it within until we let go of the old ways.  We let go of the old ways by suffering.  Suffering is only letting go of things that don't work anymore.  On the other side of suffering is a new world.  


Creator, help me to let go of old ways. 

Let my old thoughts and beliefs be abandoned.
Every change is preceded by struggle. 

Help me go through the struggle today.

By Don Coyhis

 


 

WOMEN'S CIRCLE

 

THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THIRTEEN INDIGENOUS GRANDMOTHERS

 

On October 11, 2004, 13 Indigenous Grandmothers from all over the world—the Arctic Circle, North, South and Central America, Africa, and Asia—arrived at Tibet House's Menla Mountain Retreat amidst 340 acres of forests, fields and streams in upstate New York. Within a few days of convening, the grandmothers agreed to form a global alliance; to work together to serve both their common goals and their specific local concerns.

The first council gathering was a time of hope and inspiration. The grandmothers are both women of prayer and women of action. Their traditional ways link them with the forces of the earth. Their solidarity with one another creates a web to rebalance the injustices wrought from an imbalanced world; a world disconnected from the fundamental laws of nature and the original teachings based on a respect for all of life.

READ MORE...

 

 


 

FOOD & NUTRITION

 

In November Bears are Makin'

  
 

Pumpkin Pie and Pumpkin Rolls

 

 

 

Preparation Time:

10 Min

Cooking Time: 

1 Hr

Ready for Eatin' In: 

1 Hr 10 Min

 

Pumpkin Pie Ingredients

  • 1 (9 inch) unbaked deep dish pie crust

  • 3/4 cup white sugar

  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon

  • 1/2 teaspoon salt

  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger

  • 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves

  • 2 eggs

  • 1 (15 ounce) can LIBBY'S® 100% Pure Pumpkin

  • 1 (12 fluid ounce) can NESTLE® CARNATION® Evaporated Milk

Pumpkin Pie Directions

  1. Preheat oven to 425 F.

  2. Combine sugar, salt, cinnamon, ginger and cloves in small bowl. Beat eggs lightly in large bowl. Stir in pumpkin and sugar-spice mixture. Gradually stir in evaporated milk. Pour into pie shell.

  3. Bake for 15 minutes. Reduce temperature to 350 F.; bake for 40 to 50 minutes or until knife inserted near center comes out clean. Cool on wire rack for 2 hours. Serve immediately or refrigerate. (Do not freeze as this will cause the crust to separate from the filling

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Pumpkin Rolls Ingredients

  • 3 eggs

  • 1 cup white sugar

  • 2/3 cup solid pack pumpkin puree

  • 1 teaspoon lemon juice

  • 3/4 cup all-purpose flour

  • 1 teaspoon baking powder

  • 1/2 teaspoon salt

  • 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon

  • 1 teaspoon ground ginger

  • 1 cup chopped pecans

  • confectioners' sugar for dusting

  • 1 (8 ounce) package cream cheese

  • 4 tablespoons butter

  • 1 cup confectioners' sugar

  • 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract

  • confectioners' sugar for dusting

 

Pumpkin Rolls Directions

  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease and flour a 10x15 inch jellyroll pan.

  2. In a large bowl, beat eggs and sugar with an electric mixer on high speed for five minutes. Gradually mix in pumpkin and lemon juice. Combine the flour, baking powder, salt, cinnamon, and ginger; stir into the pumpkin mixture. Spread batter evenly into the prepared pan. Sprinkle pecans over the top of the batter.

  3. Bake for 12 to 15 minutes, or until the center springs back when touched. Loosen edges with a knife. Turn out on two dishtowels that have been dusted with confectioners' sugar. Roll up cake using towels, and let cool for about 20 minutes.

  4. In a medium bowl, combine cream cheese, butter, 1 cup confectioners' sugar, and vanilla. Beat until smooth. Unroll pumpkin cake when cool, spread with filling, and roll up. Place pumpkin roll on a long sheet of waxed paper, and dust with confectioners' sugar. Wrap cake in waxed paper, and twist ends of waxed paper like a candy wrapper. Refrigerate overnight. Serve chilled; before slicing, dust with additional confectioners' sugar.

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BOOK REVIEWS

 


 

The Red-Black Connection, Contemporary Urban African-Native Americans and Their Stories of Dual Identity

by Valena Broussard Dismukes

 

 

Culminating from over a decade of research, personal interviews and photographic essays, the newly released book The Red-Black Connection, Contemporary Urban African-Native Americans and Their Stories of Dual Identity by Valena Broussard Dismukes deserves high praise.

 

Fifty two images, and narratives written by the subjects of these photos, fill the pages with personal and powerful insights into the world of today’s urban African-Native Americans.   Their stories reveal the trials, tribulations and triumphs of their dual and sometimes multi-ethnic identities.

 

People from all walks of life, and representing tribes throughout the United States, share personal and sometimes painful stories.  They remind us of the part of America’s history that is often overlooked, misrepresented, and continues to be a source of challenge for contemporary people of African and Native American heritage.

 

Dismukes captures the essence of her subjects in images that are much more than portraits.  They are windows into the lives and souls of human beings.  They are both visually striking, and infinitely personal.

 

Equally striking for the reader is the challenges many of these people have faced in discovering their heritage.  For some, their Native American ancestors were still alive and a part of their collective experience, but not all of them chose to reveal their cultural identity.  We are reminded that being Indian (or Black) was a distinct disadvantage in mainstream society – and still can be.

 

Many stories tell of familial efforts to erase the memory of both red and black heritage in order to assimilate into the dominant society.  Others embrace both backgrounds with pride and dignity.

 

These are stories told from the inside.  They do not hide the fact that there is division, strife and racial prejudice between the races, as well as kinship.  The Native American community is often divided from within, with full-bloods mistrusting half breeds and people of red-black heritage.  The recent removal of the Freedmen from Cherokee tribal rolls is but one example of this. 

 

What we learn from The Red-Black Connection is how and why this division takes place.  We are given an understanding of the external forces that have pitted people against each other for centuries; an understanding that cannot be gleaned from history texts.

 

The Red-Black Connection also reveals the personal triumphs of those who have embraced their dual heritage, and have chosen to thrive.  They have made their identity an opportunity to educate and motivate others, and to heal the past by embracing the present and contributing to the future. They are educators, healers, leaders, activists, and ordinary people, offering an extraordinary gift to anyone willing to accept it.

 

(Photo: Cheyennena Bedonie, Blackfoot.Powhatan/Dine/African; 2006 Head Young Woman Dancer Cal Poly Pomona Powwow.Photo by Corina Roberts 2006)

Among the pages of this book you will find descendants of Quanah Parker, Daniel Perry, and William August Bowlegs.  You will also find narratives by people who have yet to discover the names of their ancestors.    There are those who have been told they look too white to be black, too black to be Indian, and too Indian to be African.  What one cannot escape is the knowledge that, in the words of Jack Forbes, Professor at UC Davis, “You can’t tell who people are by merely looking at them.”

 

In addition to award-winning photographs and moving narratives, Dismukes includes her own perspective on the issue of dual identity, and the responsibility and opportunity it presents to contemporary red-black people.  The book also contains an honest overview of the history of Africans and Native Americans, an extensive list of additional resources, a selected list of famous red-black people, and one remarkable page of quotes.

 

This is not a book about Africans and Native Americans.  It is a book by them.  It is a work which anyone of multi-ethnicity can immediately identify with. The Red-Black Connection joins powerful images and remarkable stories to create a work that is inspiring, illuminating, and important. 

 

(Author, photographer and educator Valena Broussard Dismukes knows the meaning of multi-ethnic identity.  African, Choctaw, Scottish, Irish and French, Dismukes brought an understanding of and sensitivity for cultural diversity to her career with the Los Angeles Unified School District.  In her new book, she brings forth this gift with masterful imagery and compelling honesty.)

 

For Information go to: http://dismukes.myexpose.com/  

Information on Satwiwa go to www.satwiwa.org

 

~Submitted by Corina Roberts, Founder, Redbird.

 

Voice of the Hawk Elder

Click on the book of your choice


 

POETRY CIRCLE...

 

 

Indian in the Living Room
By Ed Hanson


I would like to introduce
someone you have grown up with
refuse to acknowledge
who has made the life you know possible

Hello my relatives
I am the Indian in your living room
I am the First Nations
the original inhabitants of Turtle Island

I am the corn, the beans, the squash
the sweet potatoes
and tomatoes on your dinner table
I am the gratitude you express
every fourth Thursday in November

READ MORE...

 

 

 


 

HEALING PRAYER BASKET

Prayer and ceremony work.  Creator heals and brings peace.

 

 

 

Prayer Needed - Sickness, Injury, Troubles...

 

Pete V. Catches, South Dakota.  Peter underwent heart surgery to install a pacemaker.  His good wife Cindy reports that he is fairing well and should be home soon.  Peter is an 38th generation Lakota Medicine man, author and lecturer.  He has led the Spotted Eagle Sundance near his home for several decades.  Cindy Catches, 10/31/08  

 

Graham Osceola Waters, Darwin, Australia.   Valiantly fighting cancer. Osceloa is of Muskogee American Indian descent.  He is a great artist and walks in beauty with his tireless efforts to benefit the Henbury School in the Northwest Territory.  All of Manataka is praying for this wonderful man.  We are doing healing work and ask for your prayers.  Lynn Smith-Guy,  10-09-08

 

Owain -- is a 6 year-old boy. He has fish and a cat that he loves to play with--he is a very gentle and loving boy -- we lift him up on high so that God can reach into his body and heal this brain cyst. Our Father is very loving to each of his children--bless you--we love this little boy-- Jimmy Springett 09-02-08

 

Marcia Shore, Huntington, WV  Neck surgery for cancer treatment on September 9. "I'll get me a wig and put a head dress on it and I'll see you in October."  My favorite daughter  ~Helen RedWing Vinson  08-27-08

 

 

Did you submit a prayer request above?  If so, please send us an update. 

We are reluctant to remove anyone without knowing if more prayers are needed. 

 

 


 

Crossing Over...

 

David Booker, Memphis, TN Member of the Memphis Native American Indian Association.

 

Tony Hillerman (Albuquerque, NM) 83, Author of lyrical, authentic and compelling mystery novels set among the Navajos of the Southwest blazed innovative trails in the American detective story, died at Presbyterian Hospital in Albuquerque from pulmonary failure report.  http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/28/books/28hillerman.html?em

 

Audrey L. Link, Founder, (Longmont, CO) 68, Director and President of the Link Center Foundation (linkcenterfoundation.org) passed due to a brain aneurysm and massive cerebral hemorrhage.  Born July 25, 1940 in Johannesburg, South Africa of American parents, Audrey came back to the United States at the age of 17.  Throughout her life in North Carolina and New Mexico, her strength and creativity expressed itself through many years as a nurse and home remodeler as well as stained glass artist, artwork framer, and master carpenter and wood-worker.  Audrey began to assist various cultural preservation projects and conferences for the Lakota Nations as a volunteer.  She was also Treasurer and Board Member of the all-volunteer Wambli Ho, Voice of the Eagles non-profit organization in Colorado and a regular contributing author to its internet Wambli Ho News from 2002-2006.  Additionally, Audrey was instrumental in organizing winter holiday toy drives for the Porcupine District of the Pine Ridge Reservation for many years.  In March, 2002, she was inspired to found the Link Center Foundation (LCF) by her long-held vision to work to promote peace on earth and respect for all life.  Link Center Foundation is her grassroots, all-volunteer effort to fulfill her dream of people helping people. ~Stephanie M. Schwartz 09-30-08

 

Leon Secatero (NM) Spiritual Elder of the I’nabeho (Navajo) of the Canoncito Band of Navajo. On his sacred path, Leon Secatero, keeper of the sacred grounds, the Headman of the Canoncito Band of Navajo, worked many years for indigenous causes and sovereignty. In concert with the Maya, Apache, Cherokees, Navajo and other tribal prophecies, he has been sought out and invited by indigenous spiritual leaders in the Western Hemisphere, Australia, Europe and Russia to advance the causes of tribal sovereignty and unification. He has spoken many times at the United Nations where he presented a Resolution for Human Rights. Please let the people know that they may hold his spirit and that of his family in their prayers.  

 

Leon held the dream of a New and Beautiful world where we were the same and that in that oneness we find peace.  May we hold the dream of being one with our brothers under the sun. When ever I hear the wind in the canon, I will remember this beautiful one with his small quick stepping walk sharing the beauty of the land and all it's mysteries.  I find it bitter sweet knowing that his biology is no longer struggling and in pain.

 

Leon will continue to illuminate our path with inspiration, holding the dream that peace among the Five Fingered  ones, the vision of one humanity with many faces.  He will whisper through the trees, and Fly with the Eagles! May the memory of his laughter and his teachings lift our spirit!  He will shine in the petroglyphs, and warm our hearts when ever we look into the sun!   I will always be blessed in knowing Grandfather Leon, his joy, generous nature and teachings!   ~Isabella Schmidt 09-29-08

 

Michael Baker, Guallala, CA, 54, suffered from a brain tumor.  He was of Sioux - Pomo ancestry of the Bear Clan. Michael was spiritual, searched for truth, protective and had a loving heart.  Michael is survived by his mother Rose, one brother, Gerald Dale and three sisters. ~Simone F. Caulderwood  09-18-08

 

Rita C. Colston, Millington, TN, 55, died Saturday, September 13, 2008. Rita was of Cherokee/ Catawba descent and was the owner of Red Wolf Native Crafts. She was a long time Treasurer for the American Indian Association of Millington and the current Treasurer of the Turtle Island Native American Association of Tennessee. She was a member of the Memphis Tia Piah Warrior Society Big River Clan and actively participated in native American events in several different states as a dancer and vendor.

 

 


Memorials...

 

In Memory of Bill Prezwoznik

Bill Prezwoznik was one of the four founders of Manataka.  His wisdom and love guided Manataka through its infancy and his words and unselfish deeds are often recalled.

 

In Memory of Corbin Harney

Corbin Harney Spiritual Leader of the Western Shoshone Nation who dedicated his life to fighting the nuclear testing and dumping.  He loved and cared for his family, friends and all creation.

 

 

In Memory of Granny Messenger

She had over a 1,000 grandchildren but never bore a child. Her memory will live with us forever.  Veronica Messenger was a great woman. Anonymous Contributor  

 

In Memory of Lance Selvidge

Webster’s definition of a Martyr:  1:  A person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to renounce a belief.  2: A person who sacrifices something of great value, especially life itself for the sake of principle.  Lance, we are all better because you walked this world, we will all become better because you look back with eyes from the angels world. Thank You.  The Selvidge Family. Little River Rock.

 

In Memory of Ruby Gilliham

We will always remember this gracious and beautiful woman in our hearts.  She will remain a part of Manataka forever.  (picture: Members of the Kootenai-Salish Tribe assist with her funeral. Greg Gilliham, Little Rock.

 

 


 

OCTOBER 2008 ELDER COUNCIL MEETING

 

Elders met on Sunday, October 18.  All Elders were present.  Chairman David Quite Wind Furr led the invocation and blessing ceremony.  

  • Minutes - August minutes were approved. There were no minutes taken at the September meeting.  

  • Treasury - The August-September bank balances were read. Manataka has zero debt and the income accounts remain strong. 

  • Donations - Patti Blue Star Speaks motioned to donate $100 to the American Indian College Fund, 2nd by Robert Gray Hawk Coke.  Unanimous.

The meeting closed with prayer led by David Quiet Wind Furr

 

Details of the Elder Council meeting were presented to the general membership following the meeting.

 

 


MANATAKA ORGANIZATIONAL MESSAGES


 

NOTICE 1:    FOOD BASKETS NEEDED NOW!  people are hungry often throughout the year.  Please bring or send non-perishable food items. Gift cards for food from Walmart, Safeway and other stores are great. 

 

NOTICE 2:    REGULAR MEMBERSHIP MEETINGS - 1:00 p.m., 3rd Sunday each month at Gulpha Gorge.  In case of inclement weather (rain, sleet, snow, below 40 degrees) we meet Ryan's Restaurant located at 4538 Central Avenue across from Hot Springs Mall.

 

Gatherings are normally held on the 3rd weekend of June (closest to the Summer Solstice) and the 3rd weekend of October (closest to the Winter Solstice).  The date of the Spring Encampment varies from year to year. 

 

NOTICE 3:    WOMEN’S COUNCIL MEETINGS - 11:30 a.m., 1st Saturday each month.  Contact: Becky Moore

 

NOTICE 4:    PAID YOUR DUES?
Now is a good time to support the many programs, services and events of MAIC. We can always use a donation. Pay by check or credit card online. It's easy, secure and fast!   Click Here  Or send to: MAIC, PO Box 476, Hot Springs, AR 71902

 

NOTICE 5:      MATERIAL DONATIONS NEEDED BY MANATAKA
1.  30 gallon plastic storage boxes with lids.

 

2.  LAND -  Donate land to be used as financing leverage for to build a cultural center. Any size/location is acceptable. Tax benefits may apply.

 

3.  MEMORIAL GIFTS - When a friend or relative passes, honor their memory and send a tax deductible  contribution to MAIC and we will send the family a beautiful letter and memorial certificate in your name.  Memorial ceremonies are given several times a year on the sacred mountain.

 

THANK YOU TO EVERYONE WHO DONATED

STAMPS, PAPER AND OTHER SUPPLIES!


 

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Publisher:

Manataka American Indian Council
PO Box 476
Hot Springs, AR 71902-0476
501-627-0555
manataka@sbcglobal.net
http://www.manataka.org

Editor:

Lee Standing Bear Moore

MAIC Correspondents:

Jennifer Attaway, Alabama

Sheri Awi Anida Waya Burnett, Georgia

Robert King Coke - Grey Hawk, Texas

Bonnie Two Owl Feathers Delcourt, New Hampshire

Maxine Elisi Swan Dancer Fulgham

Crystal Harvey, Arkansas

Carol Henderson

Hawk With Seven Eyes Hoffman, Illinois

John James, Missouri

Bennie LeBeau, Wyoming

Julie Maltagliati, Florida

Grandmother Selma Palmer, Florida

Carol Perez Petersen,  California

Magdala, Arkansas

Bobby Joe Runninbear, Tennessee

RedWing and Gray Beard Vinson, Tennessee

Osceola Birdman Waters, Australia

Waynonaha Two Worlds, New York

Linda VanBibber, Missouri

Liora Leah Zack, California

August Issue Contributors:

Blue Panther Keeper of Stories

David Cornsilk, Oklahoma

Don Coyhis

Andrea Crambit, California

Romaine Garcia, Colorado

Dr. Donald A. Grinde, Jr.  

Valerie Eagle Heart

Dr. Bruce E. Johansen

Mark and Carla Maslin, New Mexico

Dr. Joseph Mercola

Organic Consumers Association

Elvina Jean Paulson

Corina Roberts, California

Scott Treaty, Lakota

Union of Concerned Scientists

Qwina H. and Irma West, Piaute

Amy Worthington, Idaho

 

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