Manataka American Indian Council                                                                      Volume XIII Issue 08  AUGUST 2009


 

 

 

SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Page 2 of 3 Pages

 

 

 

 

 

Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old:

Coyote Herds Sheep For A White Man

Feature Story 3: Emerald Green Crystal Activation 09-09-09
Elders Speak:   The Black Hills Are Everything!

Letters to the Editor:

Movement to End Mountaintop Removal

Organic Consumers: People Think 'Natural' is Greener Than 'Organic'
Elder's Meditations: Larry P. Aitken, Chippewa
Plant Medicine: Antioxidants
Fluoride: Fluoride - dangerously high levels found in pet food
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A Why shouldn’t animals be considered “property”?
Endangered Sacred Sites: Dwelling on Sacred Ground

 

 


 

LEGENDS OF OLD:

 

 

 

Coyote Herds Sheep For A White Man

White Mountain Apache Story

Coyote started traveling. After a while he came to a White man's house. The White man said he would give him some work.

 

"I want you to herd my sheep for me," he said.

 

So Coyote started in working, herding the sheep. He herded them all day till sundown.

After a while Coyote saw that some of the sheep were getting fat and he thought to himself, "I would like to eat some of them. Tomorrow I will herd them out, and then I will eat some."

 

The next morning he herded the sheep out to a lake, about which many bulrushes were growing. When he got there he went after one of the sheep and killed it. Then he cut off its tail and stuck this into the mud at the edge of the lake. He killed lots of sheep.  Each one's tail he cut off and stuck in the mud, all about the place. This way he killed them all.
 

READ MORE...

 

 

 


 

FEATURE STORY 3

 

 

Emerald Green Crystal Activation 09-09-09

An excerpt from Crystal Flame 2, Wisdom of the Ages by Katya Gale Carney, May 2001

 

The most direct thought forms are transmitted in emerald green.  This crystal ray has been your symbol of new life, new form, money, “luck” and transmuted love.  Green pastures have been a symbol of comfort to you. “In the green” has been a symbol of good fortune.  It has been most easily observed in the spring of your year when new growth spurts up.  Do you know that in the fifth dimension, growth will be continuous, and not necessarily seasonal?  It can be created to be seasonal, but it is not necessary, as everything will be available by the use of your thought forms.  However, some of you will desire to have flower and vegetable gardens and you will create growth patterns for them because you love the memory of the beauty of the plants and blossoms. 

 

As the emerald green crystal is activated to higher vibrations, it forms a connecting link between your intelligence and your divine mind.  It combines your creative will with your thought forms to bring forth creative genius as it joins with your heart center.  Now, and in the years to come on your earth, it will be considered “normal” for all children to display the intelligence that you now classify as genius.  The green ray brings great clarity to your mental body through the stimulation of your computer brain, enhancing your ability to focus and to hold your concentration.  United with the intuitive and discriminating faculties of your third eye, you will more easily express inspired insight and detailed clarity from your divine mind.

 

You will align your whole BEing to bring forth, through science, only that which is best for the whole and in accord with divine will and love. Your consciousness will make quantum leaps toward the infinite.  You will achieve full understanding of the mathematics and physics of the cosmic laws of creation.  You will scan divine mind to literally seek out the answer to any question that can be conceived.

 

With your added focus and clarity of mind, you will BEhold perfection in any of your visionary pictures with complete detail, thus you are BEcoming the great healer and inventor of the next dimension.  The emerald green crystal ray is the soul ray of many of the priest-scientists embodied on your planet who are members of the Brotherhood of Enoch.  Through this scientific brotherhood, working in union with Michael, Melchizedek and Metatron, all of your foundations of your world will BE rebuilt; bringing forth the union of your heart and your mind....science and religion....East and West.  As these former separations are bridged through your “new” scientific community now coming forth, you will BEcome aware of more keys to unlock the frontiers of cosmic science, stepping into the stars as is your birthright. 

 

[Manataka's friend and neighbor Katya Gale Carney authored many beautiful explanations of higher vibration energies long before many Light workers of today were out of diapers. Grandmother Katya's knowledge goes far beyond... Her heart is pure beauty.]

 

 

 


 

ELDERS SPEAK

 

 

 

The Black Hills Are Everything!

by David Swallow, Jr. and Edited by Stephanie M. Schwartz

 

 

Traditional Lakota Spiritual Leader and Head Man, David Swallow, Speaks Out on the Sacred Black Hills

 

 

(July, 2009  Porcupine, South Dakota) The white man calls me David Swallow, Jr. but my real name is Wowitan Yuha Mani.  I am a Tetoh Lakota of the Wa Naweg’a Band and I live on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota.

 

This is the way my Grandpa Najutala told me, a long time ago.  He was a teenager when the 1868 Treaty was signed.  He’s gone now but this is how he told me about the sacred Black Hills.

 

The Black Hills used to be occupied by the Crow Tribe.  That was way back, like in the 1700’s, even the 1600’s.  Then, the Black Hills were taken by the Shahiyela (the Cheyenne).  Then, the Lakota took them from the Cheyenne.  Finally, the white man took them from the Lakota.

 

READ MORE...

 


 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR...

 

Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.

 

Movement to End Mountaintop Removal

Dear Manataka, ,

 

Thank you adding your voice to the Movement to End Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining.

I wanted to personally thank you for signing up at iLoveMountains.org -- and for becoming an important part of the movement to end to the destructive practice of mountaintop removal coal mining.

This terrible form of coal mining -- in which entire mountains are literally blown up -- is happening on a scale that is almost unimaginable, with more than 470 mountains already destroyed in America.

But the truth is, most people don't even know that mountaintop removal is happening.

That's why I'd like to ask you to join me in helping to get the word out.

Please forward this email to your friends and family and ask them to join you in the effort to end mountaintop removal coal mining. They can join by clicking here:
http://www.ilovemountains.org/take_action/campaigns/mountains/register/7732c8d4ac877d55d0ac46a7b0ca962f/

I'd also like to encourage you and your friends to take a moment to explore the rest of iLoveMountains.org, if you haven't already done so.

On the site, you can watch videos about mountaintop removal featuring the people of Appalachia. You can also explore "The National Memorial for the Mountains" - an interactive satellite map that shows each of the more than 470 mountains already destroyed by this mining practice.


But most importantly of all, you can invite your friends and family and spread the word about this important effort:
http://www.ilovemountains.org/take_action/campaigns/mountains/impact/7732c8d4ac877d55d0ac46a7b0ca962f/

Please join me in taking action today. Mountaintop removal mining is radically changing the landscape and culture of Appalachia. If we fail to act, these national treasures could be destroyed within our lifetimes.

Thank you for joining with me and helping spread the word about our efforts to save the mountains.

Woody Harrelson
iLoveMountains.org

 

 

Somehow I was led here....

Dear Manataka,

 

Don't ask me how I managed to find your site, I have no idea (I have placed it in favorites so I won't lose it)...somehow I was led here. I've been looking for a spiritual path all my life  and no matter where I went it never felt right and I always seemed to be pointed down the Red Road. Not a crackpot but just a 52 year old woman still looking. I've been reading your site and I guess the question is...am I allowed to join even if I can never prove that I have native blood from my ancestors....it's something that is denied and I only heard about it once from an uncle who forgot his place I guess....anyway before I go off on a tangent I just wanted to say tears rolled down my face over some things I read....I got goose bumps and almost a surge of electricity as I read....anyway that was all I wanted to ask....if anyone can join as long as their heart and spirit are in the right place and they can follow the code of ethics etc.  Thank you so much for the honor you give me by reading my letter...and thank you for an truly wonderful place you have created on here.  ~Pattie

 

Dis-enrolling Shoshone Members

Dear Manataka,

 

Hello my name is Mya Shaw and I am a Timbisha Shoshone Tribal Member.  Our so called Chairman is always saying that he is here for his people and do anything for the Tribe. The only time he did that or help was when he needed every tribal member for count then when he didn't need all of them he started to dis-enroll them.  I was not one of the ones dis-enrolled but I don't think it is right so I will help fight. please get in touch with me my cell 760.937.4917 work 760.872.3614. ~Respectfully,  Mya Shaw

 

Today IS A Good Day To Die

Hello Manataka,

 

Today, my curiosities compelled me to do a Google search on the phrase "Today Is A Good Day To Die". And among the various choices, I was drawn to your article http://www.manataka.org/page1891.html and read it solely. I related to this article on a number of levels; the senseless gang related deaths, the wartime atrocities, health issues, and philosophies on facing death. I am mid-40's, and grew up in a Polynesian culture; one that similarly is based on respect, honor, and tradition. It saddens me very much that American society is so self-serving, greedy, capitalistic and materialistic. The things of which you spoke had meaning and value, and were very thought provoking and inspiring to me.

Although I could go on and on, I just wanted you to know that a random soul as myself had a deep appreciation for your article. I can say that it helped me make it through another day. Thank you for sharing that with the world. I hope others can see and celebrate the insight and wisdom that it conveys. May the rest of your time on this earth be filled with happiness and prosperity.  ~Eddie Jones / St.Louis MO

 

Meaning of the Word 'Manataka'

Osiyo Manataka,!
 

I was just asked about the language and meaning of "Manataka".  I'm almost certain it's not Cherokee, and is not close to the Cherokee phrase "place of peace" (dohiyi).
 

As I did some research, apparently there was once a chapter of the IOR (Improved or International Order of Red Men) with that name. The Red Men claimed descent from the rebels who took part in the Boston Tea Party while dressed as Indians as a way of declaring that they no longer
considered themselves English subjects. However, this suggests the origin might be found in the Northeastern nations.

There was also some belief in the 19th century that the word could be of Kaw (Kansa) origin. Since the Kaw migrated to present Kansas/ Arkansas from Long Island, there's a good chance that the word is related to Montauk, Montauka, and the people called Montaukett. They spoke an Algonkian language related to Lenape/Delaware, which could account for a similar place name in Pennsylvania along the route the Kaw would have taken.

The "mon" root would suggest and island or hill, possibly a large outcropping of rock. Montauk is generally translated as "hill country," "rocky land" or "hilly lands". The same root occurs in Munsi, Moncey, Manhattan.   Of course, the word could be from a completely different language family, so this is just my best guess. ~Sincerely, Brian Wilkes  www.SpeakCherokee.com
 


 

Brian,

Please go to this page: "Origins and Meaning of the Word MA-NA-TAK-A"  by Takatoka  http://www.manataka.org/page998.html    There is a war currently being waged by the bureaucrats with the Hot Springs National Park to disavow the fact that Manataka is a sacred site.  The word does not come from North America.
 

 

 

When Life Becomes a Walk of Ego

By Debbie RedHawk Pulido

 

Living in a family offers many lessons. Sometimes you must take much care in how you choose your responses to another. It can have long lasting side effects.

 

So many power struggles in a family, why? We need to learn of our medicine and try to walk in it. It will give you a better understanding of our self and bring more peace.

 

We have covered ourselves in many false emotions that are controlling every step in our life with not so pleasant outcomes.

We cannot control others around us so we need to change our actions to get a more peaceful walk for ourselves.

 

Long ago we watched how the animal world lived and we patterned our lives after them. We saw that in order to survive there had to be communication between all. There was always one in the group who seemed to lead and the rest would follow. There was rank and file so to say but it was always done for the survival of all.

 

As man changed so did his intention of rank and file. He no longer started to lead out of survival but he began to lead with his ego. This left him open and vulnerable to the emotions of greed, jealousy, anger, feelings of entitlement just to name a few.

Man no longer led out of the best interest of others, he led to fill his own needs and wants. It is like this in many families.

 

There is no one set answer anymore. Man has become so lost in his own self purpose that he has put his ego before the structure of family.

 

My needs! My wants! My feelings! My priorities! In the process we lose what should be most important, ourselves. We become our egos. Our emotions rule us and it leaves us open to function not with a clear mind, now we respond with hurt, anger, jealousy, fear, hate and wanting what others have.

 

Now we can be hurt by another’s words because they touched on an emotion that has become important to us through our ego.

We start to judge our value in life and what is important to us not by Creator’s words but by what has become important to us.

We go so deep into our wants, needs and material things that we tend to get lost in the big, “I” “ME” “MINE” it is no longer a world of “YOU” “US” and “OURS”

 

What was once a walk of working together and sharing our survival has now become a walk of power struggles with many side effects.

 


 

 

The Manataka American Indian Council supports:


Quote of the Month

New Study Reveals Major Health Problems Linked to Genetically Engineered Foods

"We demand the systematic publication of the results of these tests, which we could only obtain on a case by case basis by taking legal action... It [the study] brings to light a significant underestimation of the initial signs of diseases like cancer and diseases of the hormonal, immune, nervous and reproductive systems, among others... The health crises may be more important than the international financial crisis because of the lack of transparency of the regulators."

Source: An alarming study published in the Journal of Biological Science this week points toward serious health hazards from genetically engineered foods and pesticides. The research, conducted by scientists from France, Italy, New Zealand, U.K. and U.S., corroborates the decade-long criticism by public interest organizations such as the Organic Consumers Association, Greenpeace, and Friends of the Earth that European Food Safety bureaucrats and the U.S. FDA have used unreliable tests to assess the safety of food and products containing genetically modified organisms (GMOs). GMOs are now found in more than 80% of (non-organic) foods sold in conventional grocery stores in the U.S., as well as the majority of animal feed in the EU.


Survey of the MONTH

Consumers Think 'Natural' is Greener Than 'Organic'

A new Shelton Group survey of U.S. consumers shows 31 percent of respondents believe '100 percent natural' is the most desirable eco-friendly product label claim, compared to 14 percent who chose '100 percent organic'. According to Shelton, "Many consumers do not understand green terminology. They prefer the word 'natural' over the term 'organic,' thinking organic is more of an unregulated marketing buzzword that means the product is more expensive. In reality, the opposite is true: 'Natural' is the unregulated word. Organic foods must meet government standards to be certified as such."

The survey suggests why bottom line companies like Horizon, Silk, and Peace Cereal are ditching organic ingredients, while UNFI and Whole Foods Market are failing to educate consumers and project a clear preference for certified organic goods. Instead UNFI, WFM, and others are giving prominent shelf space to so-called 'natural' product-lines which are cheaper and more profitable to produce and sell than "organic," although so-called "natural" products are routinely contaminated with GMOs and synthetic chemicals, and derived from industrial agriculture and food processing practices that are polluting the environment, undermining biodiversity, destabilizing the climate, and exploiting farmers and workers.


Good News of the Week

Administration Seeks to Restrict Antibiotics in Livestock

"The Obama administration announced Monday that it would seek to ban many routine uses of antibiotics in farm animals in hopes of reducing the spread of dangerous bacteria in humans. In written testimony to the House Rules Committee, Dr. Joshua Sharfstein, principal deputy commissioner of food and drugs, said feeding antibiotics to healthy chickens, pigs and cattle - done to encourage rapid growth - should cease. And Dr. Sharfstein said farmers should no longer be able to use antibiotics in animals without the supervision of a veterinarian..."


 

 


 

ELDER'S MEDITATION

 

"Because woman lives so close to our first mother, the Earth, she emanates the strength and harmonious nature of all things."  --Larry P. Aitken, Chippewa

 

At an Elders gathering, held in July 1991, we were told the Indian woman would play an instrumental part in leading the healing of Indian nations. The old people said we were to look up to her in a sacred manner. They said the Earth Mother would give the woman special gifts of love. The woman and the Earth Mother are connected in a special way. Women should pay attention to the lessons coming from the earth. Men should treat the women with respect, dignity and honor.

 

Grandfather, Grandmother, give the Indian woman Your strength to heal our earth.

 

http://www.whitebison.org/meditation/index.php

By Don Coyhis

 


 

 

PLANT MEDICINE...

 

Medicine for the People

By Harvey Walks with Hawks Doyle

 

 

 

Antioxidants

 

Antioxidants, air, moisture, and light combined oxidizes a car or anything made of metal.  In time the chrome will rust away. This destruction process is called oxidation.

 

To explain it this way, remove the antioxidant coating from an apple by peeling away its skin and exposing the insides of the apple to the air. It will spoil quickly. Pour lemon juice, which contains antioxidants, on the exposed apple and it will delay it from spoiling.

 

If you look around, we as humans have skin, trees have bark, animals have skin, even thicker than humans, and anything you see on Mother Earth has a protective area to cover itself. This is Mother Earth's way of protecting our species, plants, animals and any other life on this planet. The Great Spirit (Creator) knew in infinite wisdom that we would be destroying ourselves as soon as we gained the knowledge to do so. We are a planet of destruction. Knowledge and progress is destroying the human race and all of its inhabitants. Mother Earth cries out for mercy but we do not hear her call. We continually destroy her daily. In destroying her then we are destroying our selves. We are part of the web of life as stated by Chief Seattle.

 

All living cells must breathe oxygen. A by-product of cellular respiration is the production of a small number of toxic oxygen molecules called "free radicals". These are atoms that are missing an electron. So they go searching to steal electrons from nearby atoms and in doing so destroy cells and tissues. An antioxidant stops the damaging free radical and oxygen molecules. So as long as antioxidants, the "rust removers" of living cells, are abundant, oxidation will not destroy tissues and promote disease. Scientists estimate that the genetic material (DNA) inside living cells in the human body is being hit by 10,000 "free radicals" bullets each day. An antioxidant-rich diet and food supplements are likely to be needed to protect our genes. 

 

The human body has an elaborate antioxidant system to protect itself. The system which you could call a team can be likened to a football team. If you recall a defensive team has some big lineman who are the front line against the opponent, backed up by the linebackers and then by safety men.

 

The antioxidant team in your body works the same way. The first line of defense is the antioxidants. There are three glutathione, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalyses. The linebackers or second line of defense are vitamins A, C, D and E. The third line of defense is the carotenoids, the bioflavonoid, and coenzyme Q10 (needed daily).   Each antioxidant can become oxidized themselves. Fortunately, other antioxidants come along and donate electrons to re-activate them.

 

So antioxidants exist in two forms, their active (reduced) or oxidized form. Antioxidants whirl through living tissues, reactivating each other. Vitamins A, C, and E protect each other in a circular fashion. Vitamin A regenerates vitamin C, vitamin C regenerate’s vitamin E, and vitamin E regenerates vitamin A. The antioxidant system has other backup systems. For instance, beta carotene coverts to vitamin A in the liver, so it is a back up to vitamin A. Bioflavonoid enhance and prolong the antioxidant action of vitamin C and coenzyme Q10 works in place of vitamin E when vitamin E levels are low. Multivitamins should be formulated the way nature has arranged the antioxidant defense force in an "Antioxidant Vine or Tree".

 

If any portion of this antioxidant defense force is missing a health problem may result. Without having a selection of antioxidants to protect them, living tissues perish. Just like the football team those lines up without all its players on the field. If there is a deficiency of just one antioxidant the opponent will find this weakness and capitalize on it and use the lack of it to make you sick. It all about checks and balances. Just like life if you aren’t in balance then you are out of balance spiritually, physically, and mentally.

 

Have you noticed that I continually use the word "supplement"? It is a very careful choice of words. Never forget that vitamin pills are a supplement to a healthy diet, not a replacement for it. Nutritionists accurately advise the public to rely on plants foods, the five daily servings of fresh fruits and vegetables, to supply the variety of nutrients required for health. You can also get a lot of nutrients from herbal teas. We know that the best-made pills can never supply the hundreds of natural antioxidants and other nutrients found in plant foods or herbal teas. For example, there are over 200 carotenoid pigments found in plant foods in miniscule amounts. It would be impossible to provide them all in vitamins supplements. However, with so few adults consuming the five servings of plant foods daily, a well designed multivitamin pill becomes a reality against premature aging and disease.

    

Natural remedies are far better than other remedies that have all the side effects that you have to contend with. The recommended daily allowance is obsolete. What weak vitamins do provide is the recommended daily allowance, now recognized as outdated by many nutritionists. If you are a growing child, pregnant or lactating, under physical or emotional stress, participate in regular physical exercise, smoke tobacco, consume alcohol, are exposed to toxic chemicals, have a chronic health problem like diabetes or high blood pressure, take certain medications, regularly consume fast foods or junk foods, or over age 70, then you will need to consume more than the recommended daily allowance.

 

Athletes, exercisers, untold millions, exercise produces more oxidation within body; countered by antioxidants. Heart Disease patients: 50 + Million. Vitamin E may be beneficial. Hypertensive patients: 43 million, 500 mg vitamin C daily reduces blood pressure similar to drugs. Diabetics: 15.7 million 400 units of vitamin E has protective effect. Hospitalized: 33 million hospitalized have increased need for antioxidant nutrients. Pregnant and lactating females: 4 million. US women give birth annually; off spring must obtain nutrients from mother. Fertile women require folic acid before conception to prevent birth defects. Tobacco Smokers: 66 million: One cigarette takes 11 minutes from your life. One pack of cigarettes takes 3 hours and 40 minutes from your life. Smokers require 25 mg vitamin C for each cigarette smoked. Retirees at risk for cataracts: 34 million. 10 year users of 250 mg vitamin C have 45-83% reduction in risk. Everyone should be on a good multivitamin so that they can have a healthy body. Preferably a liquid vitamin because the body can assimilate it better than pill or capsule form. When taking vitamins or herbs always read the instructions on the label for instructions.

 

READ MORE...

 

 

 


 

FLUORIDE WATCH...

 

Fluoride - dangerously high levels found in pet food

By Melissa Solis - Houston Pet Care Examiner

 

Pet food has a new level of danger hiding behind its labels. Environmental Working Group (EWG) just released a new study that showed high levels of fluoride in eight of ten pet foods tested. Consuming fluoride can lead to many serious health concerns.

When selecting a pet food, fluoride levels is not something most people would look for on the label, however when you consider the latest study published by EWG, fluoride contamination appears to be a risk with some pet foods.  “Eight of 10 dog food brands tested by an independent laboratory commissioned by Environmental Working Group (EWG) contain fluoride in amounts up to 2.5 times higher than the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) national drinking water standard.”  http://www.ewg.org/node/28070 The problem is with pet foods and even people foods, is that the fluoride level is not mentioned anywhere on the label.

Most of the fluoride contamination in dog food comes from an unsavory mix of bone meal and various meat byproducts added to dog food. The 8 high-fluoride brands list ingredients that include chicken by-product meal, poultry by-product meal, chicken meal, beef and bone meal.

 

READ MORE...

 


 

FUNNY BONES

No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.

 

 

OLD NDN TRICK

 

Recently a routine Yakama police patrol parked outside Pete's tavern. Late in the evening the officer noticed a young tribal man leaving the bar so intoxicated that he could barely walk. The man stumbled around the parking lot for a few minutes, with the officer quietly observing.

 

After what seemed an eternity and trying his keys on five vehicles, the man managed to find his car which he fell into. He was there for a few minutes as a number of other patrons left the bar and drove off. Finally he started the car, switched the wipers on and off (it was a fine dry night) flicked the blinkers on, then off, honked the horn and then switched on the lights. He moved the vehicle forward a few inches, reversed a little and then remained still for a few more minutes as some more vehicles left. At last he pulled out of the parking lot and started to drive slowly down the road.

 

The police officer, having patiently waited all this time, now started up the patrol car, put on the flashing lights, promptly pulled the man over and carried out a breathalyzer test. To his amazement the breathalyzer indicated no evidence of the man having consumed alcohol at all!

 

Dumbfounded, the officer said "I'll have to ask you to accompany me to the Police station this breathalyzer equipment must be broken."

 

"I doubt it," said the Yakama man, "Tonight I'm the designated decoy." Aye!!!! Old tribal trick!!

 


 

ANIMAL RIGHTS... AND WRONGS

 

 

Why shouldn’t animals be considered “property” under the law?

By Doris Lin, About.com


 

See an amazing film about Austrailia's Aboriginal peoples.

Traditional Whale Dreamers http://www.whaledreamers.com

 


 

SACRED SITES:


 

 

Dwelling on Sacred Ground

By Yelena Akopian,

The Guardian, University of California at San Diego, Senior Staff Writer, June 2009

 

 

The 10,000-year-old remains, found on university grounds in 1976, are the most complete skeletons from their time period.  Courtesy of Jan Austin/Santa Monica Community College

Mansions built atop ancient American-Indian burial grounds are the stuff of legends. But just off campus on Regents Road, that stereotype is more fact than fiction.

 

Sitting literally on top of an ancient American-Indian cemetery — UCSD’s records show 29 human remains have been removed from the chancellor’s historic residence over the past 80 years — the University House was declared unlivable in 2004 due to hazards and structural problems.

 

The approximately 10,000-year-old bones of the two adults were dug up from the property in 1976 by Cal State Northridge archeology students. The two skeletons are frozen in a unique arrangement, with a young man buried at the feet of an older woman. They are among the oldest skeletal remains yet discovered in the Western Hemisphere, and form the only “double burial” of their kind in the Americas.

 

The Kumeyaay Cultural Repatriations Committee (KCRC), a group of federally recognized San Diego tribes, submitted a request to the university in 2006 asking for the remains to be repatriated ­ — or returned — to the Kumeyaay Indians.

 

The KCRC asserted that their ancestors have been here since “time immemorable,” and said they intend to rebury the remains if they are returned.

 

The Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), federal legislation passed in 1990, details the official guidelines by which human remains can be identified and returned to American-Indian tribes that request them.

READ MORE...

 

 

 

 

Manataka Trading Post

 

SOUNDS OF MANATAKA

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Pow Wow

   Lots More CD'S - Fast Delivery - Great Prices!

 


 

 

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100's of native herbal remedies!

 

Cure the Cause

Don't just treat the symptoms  

 

100% Natural - Organic - No Side Effects

Manufactured under strict guidelines
60-day Money-back Guarantee

 

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