Manataka American Indian Council                                                                      Volume XIII Issue 09  SEPTEMBER 2009


 

 

 

SMOKE SIGNAL NEWS

Page 2 of 3 Pages

 

 

 

 

 

Contents of Page 2              

Legends of Old: First Contact with Europeans
Feature Story 3: Sovereignty Is an Asset

Letters to the Editor:

Fort Ancient, Cherokee, Ceremony Money
Organic Consumers: Meat Eating is 'Huge Contributor' to Climate Change
Elder's Meditations: Audrey Shenandoah, Onondaga
Plant Medicine: Native American Healer
Fluoride: Dog Food Contaminated!
Animal Rights and Wrongs: A The Thrill of the Kill: Captive Hunts
Sacred Sites: The Meadowcroft Rockshelter

 

 


 

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LEGENDS OF OLD:

 

 

 

First Contact with Europeans

Cherokee Story

The first recorded European contact with the Cherokee was Hernando De Soto's expedition of 1540. Records of the expedition refer to the tribe as "Chalaque", probably from the Mobilian trade language (a corrupted Choctaw jargon used by the tribes of the Southeast), probably meaning "cave people".

 
This word in the southern Cherokee dialect was pronounced "Tsa-la-gi" but in the eastern area pronounced "Tsa-ra-gi", from which the name "Cherokee" is derived. The Cherokee called themselves "Ani-Yun-wiya", the principal people. The Cherokee also referred to themselves as "Ani-Kituhwagi", the people of Kituhwa -- an ancient town which was probably the original nucleus of the tribe.

In April of 1540, De Soto crossed through the Cherokee country looking for gold. The Spanish explorers found the first Cherokee village they
 

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FEATURE STORY 3

 

Sovereignty Is an Asset
Sherry Salway Black (Oglala Lakota), Board Member, First Nations Development Institute

 

Successful economic development in Indian Country is occurring as Native nations and individuals assert control over that development. In the past, Native economic development was driven from the outside. Tribes didn’t control their economic development; they rarely even controlled their own assets. In the past, strategies of economic development—strategies imposed by outsiders—focused on employment opportunities and income generation. While these strategies have a place, current asset-based strategies are succeeding because they are Native-controlled strategies that generate wealth. As Native nations and individuals control and build their assets, they generate the jobs and incomes that sustain Native economies.

 

Native nations are increasingly asserting such control. Tribes own many assets—land, natural resources, financial resources, and institutions—and are controlling these assets. Asserting control over assets, however, can be complicated. Consider land. Many of our reservations are fractionated. Native owned and non-Native owned lands are intermingled within reservation borders. How can we use our land for purposes of economic development or protect it environmentally when our ownership is fractionated?

 

Native nations are discovering solutions to such problems. We are asserting control over land functions previously controlled by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. We are imposing regulations over lands we do own. We are using geographic information systems to track land ownership. Some tribes are even beginning to purchase back lands that have gone out of Native ownership in order to reconsolidate their holdings. These strategies restore this critical asset into our control.

 

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LETTERS TO THE EDITOR...

 

Manataka receives dozens of letters each week. Space does not allow us to publish all letters but we make a concerted effort to print letters that are representative of a majority. Let us know if there is a topic you feel needs to be addressed.

 

Fort Ancient Update

 

Halito Everyone:

 

 I wanted to update you on what is happening at Fort Ancient. All is not as good as we thought. We had a meeting at Fort Ancient and met the new managers. They made it clear that their specialty is archeology and that is what they intend at the site. There were many Native people there. The meeting was held in a fairly large room which was filled and the crowd spilled out into the lobby area. About 80% were Native. The good news is that they are going to open for more days and longer hours and reduce the admission fee. The bad news is that their primary interest is archeology.

They found a Ceremonial Circle 200 feet in diameter. It was surrounded by posts. In the center of the Circle is red earth which was taken from another location. Now of course the Circle is very Sacred to Native people and this clearly has great significance. Around the red earth at the center of the Circle, in a trough 18 inches deep they found artifacts of various kinds, pottery, etc. They removed the red earth and the artifacts. They will not return the artifacts to the location. This completely despoils the Spiritual integrity of the Circle. Those items clearly were placed there as offerings or to prepare a Spiritual seal around the center of the Circle. Native people recognize that the center of the Circle is the most powerful point on the Circle. It is the place of balance.  This is very upsetting and they are telling us those artifacts will never be returned. At the meeting, we told them that Fort Ancient is church. One person told them that if Fort Ancient was Catholic it would be Rome. They agreed that Fort Ancient is one of the most significant Native locations in the US. If we went into a Catholic church and took out the wafers, the wine, all of the crosses, and the chalices, and put them in a building to examine them as curiosities of the White man's civilization, we would go to prison. I really don't know what to do. If we create too much trouble, then the Dayton museum will simply go away and Fort Ancient will be at risk again. I  thought we might see if we can't get some of this covered in some Native publications. ~Richard "Thunder Wolf" Wilson

 


Manataka,   I just came back from Fort Ancient today.  The place is going to be kept open through the help of the Dayton Historical Society.  They
will operated it jointly with the Ohio Historical Society.  ~Daniel Bingamon

 

$$$ Sacred Ceremonies For A Price $$$

Dear Manataka:

 

Thank you and well said! In my travels as a native musician, I see a lot of this disrespectful act going on too much. I urge people to have faith and develop a close relationship with your God/Creator. Please don't use native spirituality as your answer to your problems, try using your faith and prayer to your God/Creator. Worship however you choose, just beware of any human being who claims he or she can heal you, only God/Creator can do that, and he's never asked me for money, yet through my faith and prayer, he has given me a new lease on life. I urge anyone who has ever paid for ceremony to consider what the results were, did it heal you? Probably not. Plastic medicine men, just another way for wannabees to make money from uninformed suckers, stealing from the real indigenous peoples. Bottom line, faith and prayer, not money and lies. ~With Respect, Mike Serna (Mescalero Apache/Gabrileno)
 

Sacred Ceremonies

Dear Editor:

 

Thank you for including in your newsletter, the article of "Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?"!!  Some may never quite 'get it' but that's only because their minds are not on the sacred but on another plane altogether.  ~Xielolixii, Chief, Salina-Chumash Nation, CA

 

Sacred Ceremonies For A Price on 09-09-09

Dear Manataka, ,

 

I sent a message to you a couple weeks ago, it was a question about the intentions of the publication and more specifically about the articles relating to the crystal activation date 9-9-09. Something was telling me something is not right with this. I may have no right to say this, since I am not Native American, I know very little about the organization, am not planning on attending the event, and many other reasons. I feel a great need to speak about what I have finally figured out about my feelings on this. I am trusting my instincts on this, and I hope that someone else may as well.
 

I hope that you hear what I have to say, for the good of the world. This indeed is an important event for the world, and I believe that the intentions of those participating will be the driving force behind the changes to take place. I read an article "Sacred Ceremonies for a Price?" in your newsletter about charging money for the services of healing and ceremony. The elder who was withdrawn is correct, the event organizer is completely wrong. I urge that the words of this elder be taken to heart and the event changed for the sake of our Mother and the good of humanity. This should be handled with love and purity of heart not tainted with the greed money brings, and the confused energies of those who trade the services of any God or Goddess for money. This will only advance the purposes of greed and corruption.


Another thing that I feel called to speak about in this is that these Archangels that are sending out information about these events should not be trusted. First they are Judeo-Christian, and these are not Earth based religions and have one of the most bloody histories upon Earth, and should not be involved in any sort of Earth based awakening. Second, there is just some chord that is not harmonious in their words, there is a desire for hive mindedness of humans that I feel in the echos of their words.   Thank you for listening.  ~Gabrielle Soyring

 

Thank you for the Summer Gathering

Hello Manataka!

 

Oh how much I enjoy reading the beautiful teachings of Magdala.  I can't even imagine this wonderful world she speaks of as it has only existed in my dreams.  I feel it is very important to teach the children about what is to come for it is their generation that will be living this dream and bringing it to reality.  I would also like to thank Magdala for taking the time to speak with my  daughter and niece when we visited Hot Springs.  Thanks to the Manataka Elders for the warm welcome, wonderful meal, the singing of Morning Star whose voice surely lifted all our spirits as she always does with her drumming and singing.   And, what can you say about the Sixth Sun Aztec Dancers but Wow!.  They were absolutely wonderful.  I am so

thankful that my thirteen year old niece got to meet Grandma Dottie, Lloyd, and all of my Manataka family.  Thank you!  I love all of you and am looking forward to being with all of you again.  ~Donna Lee, AR

 

Looking for Yaqui

Dear Editor:

 

I just read "A short History of the Yaqui Indians" and wow!!!! Thank you for offering that. I am very hungry to find my Yaqui heritage. My grandmother was Yaqui she lived and grew up in Sonora, Mexico her father moved his family to Arizona.  I was hoping someone can help me start my quest as I want to get some history on my family. Thank you.  ~ Lisa Nassar

 

Cherokee Nation Declares War on Cherokees

My Brothers and Sisters,

 

Many of our people have read, and some have signed, your petition to stop this insanity of discrimination as proposed by Chad Smith and the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma. I wanted to take this opportunity to congratulate you for this action that you are pursuing. Also, I want to explain something that we are considering: We may also post a very similar petition in the same place. Our logic is this, though we will no doubt end up with the same Total signatures on both our petitions, we felt it might improve the chances of actually being looked at by those in Washington, DC if they saw more Nations and/or Tribes being represented. We by no means wish you to feel that we are encroaching or being disrespectful to your honored group. Our people wish to honor your efforts by mirroring them. In effect, we add our names to your petition but are adding our “Nation” to the battle as well. We have not yet created the petition and I await your respected opinion of our proposal.  ~Dave Fallis, Vice-Chief, Southern Cherokee Nation of Kentucky

 

Cherokee Nation Declares War On Its Own Blood!

 

O’Siyo My Brothers and Sisters,

 

My name is Chief Marvin Walking Bear Tucker. Some of you know me, some of you do not and some of you could care less who I am.  We held a Chiefs Meeting in Winston Salem NC on July 10th-12th to discuss what we can do to stop the Cherokee Nation of OK (CNO) and the Eastern Band of Cherokee from doing what they are doing to their own blood.

 

There were several Chiefs from all over the USA there who signed the Peace Treaty.  We invite you to join in the Coalition. If you care about the rights of your people then this is the time to speak up. There is power in numbers.  Together we stand, divided we fall and I don't want to fall any further.

 

If the CNO and Eastern Band do not want to except members then why do they not just close enrollment? and I must assume that out of the 5 tribes that were denied recognition in Tennessee, that only 1 was native American, sorry that does not work out. So out of the 4 tribes deleted there were no native Americans.  I also think that these two groups need to remember who walked that trail, I will bet my best hunting knife that they were not all Cherokee.  So now you be the judge, should these groups of individuals, this corporation (CNO) or the Eastern Band have the right to judge what is
delegated to the state governments.

 

I know you have heard about what the CNO is doing. If you haven’t heard then this is what they intend to do in congress. The are representing themselves as the only Cherokee People in this country, and they want the Congress of The United States to make it a law. They want to make it unlawful to call yourself Cherokee if you don’t live on the reservation. They are stating that the only Cherokee People in this country are the ones that are listed on the Dawes Roll and only if you live on the reservation can you claim the bloodline. To me this is the same thing Hitler wanted to do with the world. Hitler wanted only blue eyed, blond hair and fair skin people to live on this earth.

 

Well The CNO has started something that I don’t think they considered. They have declared war against their own blood Brothers and Sisters that out number them by several million. Now that isn’t very good planning on their part. They have awakened a sleeping giant that will not stand for being bullied around anymore.

 

I am here to talk about something very important to all of us. In the past we have been standing alone against our Enemy’s and getting no where fast. I am here to talk to you about bringing the Gathering together of all Cherokee Nations into one Nation. Now is the time to make the prophesy come true. We have to stand together if we are to survive. No one can stand in the way of a Cherokee Tribe that is 2 million strong, not even the great CNO.

 

In my opinion this is the only way we can live in the Cherokee way. By signing a peace treaty with all Cherokee people and agreeing to work together to stop the ones that would like to see our way of life die. There is power in numbers if we want to stay who we are (and we are the Principal People)  We are the Cherokee people and if I have to go to the end of my days fighting alone I will do so. No one Tribal Council can take that away from us, unless we stand by and do nothing.

 

Now, Chief Jim Wilson and I have been working on this for several months and all we need is for you, as (Honorable Chiefs and Elders) to come to an agreement here and join with us as one Nation, The United Cherokee People of America coalition.

 

If you would like to be a part of the effort please get in touch with me at any time.

 

Chief Marvin "Walking Bear" Tucker, Principal Chief The United Cherokee People, drumkeeper@earthlink.net www.theunitedcherokeepeople.com

 

Readin' The Smoke Signal

Dear Manataka,

 

Glad to get your newsletter great stuff cannot find other places thanks again.  ~Tony Carangio, FL

 

Squamish Squabbles

Hello Manataka,

 

Hello everybody, I would like to get some form of relief as my roof leaks like a tap and I would like to get renovation funding or be allocated a house as you know Squamish nation is allocating housing to people who do not live in Squamish and allocating members from the United States of America and we as the people do not want them in our back yards, we also have to sit and watch the chief and council let the USA and Vancouver Island vote for business that the Chief and council are selling our lands out and leasing lands and buying lands without Squamish nation band members knowing how they are doing the business with government and others.,  and we do not think that is fair. We want our homes first and do not want out of towns in our backyards in the Wa Wai Kum Reserve in Brackendale and surrounding areas. And we also want our fishing grounds back as you know councilors have sold our fishing grounds out to white people and have it blocked off ! We want business to be fair and councilors and the Chief are not acting on behalf of our people, and not telling the people what's happening!  Do something about them being unfair. Stop selling us out!   ~Diana Billy, Canada
 

Native Culture is the Solution

Dear Manataka:

 

I think it is time that native people became more active in advocating more human and civil rights for Indian country.  They need to become pro-active of setting more realistic goals to resolve the issues of unemployment and poverty within Indian Country.  Native People must be empowered to become political strong within mainstream culture. Our Native Spirituality and Culture, is of the Creator's plan  and design. We Indian Country are preparing for Creator's World Renewal Medicine.  As Robbie Robertson says in his song: 'The Ghost Dance' " You can kill my body." " You can dam my soul." " But you don't stand a chance against my love." " And you don't stand a chance against my prayers."  We believe Native Culture is Native Prevention, and Native Culture is the solution to all challenges of Indian Country today!  ~ Mike Raccoon Eyes McKinney, CA

 

 

Hey! 

Get on the ball! 

Sign me!


 

 

The Manataka American Indian Council supports:


Quote of the Month

Whole Foods Boss:
We Sell a 'Bunch of Junk'

"We sell a bunch of junk. We've decided if Whole Foods doesn't take a leadership role in educating people about a healthy diet, who the heck is going to do it?"

John Mackey: Whole Foods Market Founder, The Telegraph (UK), August 6, 2009


Alert Update of the MONTH

Whole Foods Market Bows to OCA Pressure--

Promises to Sell Significantly More Organics in 2010

The emperor of natural foods, Whole Foods Market (WFM), has no clothes. Throughout the 2009 summer months, OCA has been alerting organic consumers to the troubling fact that the overwhelming majority of grocery items (approximately 2/3) sold by WFM, even their private label "365" brand, are not certified organic, but rather so-called "natural" products that are typically just conventional products in disguise. After being defensive and unresponsive at first (basically saying "we sell more" organic food than any other retailer), and after putting pressure on OCA's advertisers to stop supporting us, WFM seems to finally be "seeing the light."

After thousands of emails from OCA members demanding that the company stop selling so many bogus "natural products" and embrace its stated mission to sell healthy organic foods, WFM's executives apparently realized last week that OCA will not shut up, and that they have a major problem on their hands. You can't just simply proclaim that you are a leader in selling organic foods, you must actually walk your talk. Last week, WFM announced it was launching a new "healthy eating" initiative with a greater emphasis on organics. In a highly publicized speech in the UK, John Mackey confessed the company's product selection had veered off course. The OCA will be monitoring WFM's practices closely to make sure that the giant retailers' actions match its rhetoric. Instead of 2/3 of its sales being so-called "natural" products, (with only 1/3 certified organic), OCA wants to see 2/3 of WFM's sales be organic by the end of 2010


Climate Change News of the Week

Washington Post Reports Meat Eating is 'Huge Contributor' to Climate Change

Last week, the Washington Post summarized a number of recent reports indicating that one of the best things you can do to reduce your carbon footprint or greenhouse gas pollution is to reduce your meat consumption. Here are some quick highlights:

-A Carnegie Melon study found that the average American would benefit the planet more by being vegetarian one day per week than by switching to a totally local diet (heck, why not do both?).

-A University of Chicago study found that switching to a vegan diet would have a bigger impact than trading your gas guzzler for a Prius.

-The head of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, recommended that people give up meat one day a week to take pressure off the atmosphere.

-According to a 2006 United Nations report, livestock accounts for 18 percent of worldwide greenhouse gas emissions.

Although we've reported similar studies in Organic Bytes over the years, it's refreshing to see a mainstream media outlet finally bring attention to the topic. Americans seem okay being told they should recycle, drive less, and weatherize their homes, but something short-circuits when you ask them to reduce their meat consumption.


 


 

ELDER'S MEDITATION

 

"May there be peace when we meet."  --Audrey Shenandoah, Onondaga

 

The Elders tell us the greatest gift we can seek is peace of mind; to walk in balance, to respect all things. For us to do this, we must have peace within ourselves and peace within ourselves cannot come unless we are walking the path the Creator would have us walk. Sometimes the tests on this path are difficult, but we know that each test makes us stronger.

 

Oh Great Spirit, I ask You to whisper Your wisdom in my heart.

You are the only one who knows the secret to peaceful living and the mystery of harmony.

Teach me of Your peace, understanding and balance, and guide me onto your good path

 

http://www.whitebison.org/meditation/index.php

By Don Coyhis

 


 

 

PLANT MEDICINE...

 

Medicine for the People

By Harvey Walks With Hawks Doyle

 

 

 

Native American Healer

 

Civilization and society has taught us to build empires for companies that fold, banks, life insurances, numerous research, welfare, old age organizations, etc. Something we know at first hand now.  In comparison, the Native Americans protection came from Mother Nature and her bountiful plants and herbs.  Mother Earth being the most important person in a native’s life except for the Creator.  They learned to treat lives with plant life, the medicine of Mother Earth.

 

After the white man came they were suddenly introduced to a new way of life which brought them the many diseases for which they had built no immunity, and thousand of our brothers and sisters died.

 

Self-sufficiency was destroyed as small forts, general stores, whiskey stills and white ways was introduced; the Native American became dependent on civilized ways.  This was prevalent in all walks of life and a destructive way by all means. 

 

If we think back and how we talked to the old Native Americans; they will say that the years have gradually touched them into submission.  They will remember a few words of their language; they will remember a few of the family and tribal herbs that we think of as nothing but troublesome, insignificant weeds or shrub. A statement like this can touch our hearts; it can make tears come to your eyes if you understand this naturally and also spiritually.  How did we give up so much for what we have now? It is a mystery to the old Natives. 

 

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FLUORIDE WATCH...

 

Dog Food Contaminated!

Levels of Fluoride Above EPA's Legal Limit for Humans; Fluoride Linked to Hormone Disruption, Thyroid Problems, Bone Cancer

 

WASHINGTON, June 26 (AScribe Newswire) -- Eight of 10 dog food brands tested by an independent laboratory commissioned by Environmental Working Group (EWG) contain fluoride in amounts up to 2.5 times higher than the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national drinking water standard.

 

Study: http://www.ewg.org/pethealth/report/fluoride-in-dog-food

 

The eight dog foods, all of them major national brands, were found to contain significantly more fluoride than levels implicated by a 2006 Harvard study in bone cancer in young boys.

 

In all eight cases, the likely sources of excess fluoride were bone meal and animal byproducts.

 

"Due to a failed regulatory system and suspect practices by some in the pet food industry, countless dogs may be ingesting excessive fluoride that could put them at risk," Olga Naidenko, Ph.D, lead researcher of the EWG-sponsored study, said.

 

Moreover, Naidenko said, the fact so many popular national pet food brands contain previously undetected health hazards is one more symptom of the federal food safety system's overall laxity.

 

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FUNNY BONES

No offense intended for any individuals or tribes.

 

 

Indian Speeding

One Sunday, sitting on the side of the highway waiting to catch speeding drivers, a State Police Officer sees a car puttering along at 22 MPH.

He thinks to himself, "This driver is just as dangerous as a speeder!" So he turns on his lights and pulls the driver over.

Approaching the car, he notices that there are five little old Indian ladies - two in the front seat and three in the back - wide eyed and white as ghosts. The driver, obviously confused, says to him, "Officer, I don't understand, I was doing exactly the speed limit!  I always go exactly the speed limit.  What seems to be the problem?"

"Ma'am," the officer replies, "you weren't speeding, but you should know that driving slower than the speed limit can also be a danger to other drivers."

"Slower than the speed limit? No sir, I was doing the speed limit exactly!  Twenty-two miles an hour!" the old Indian woman says a bit proudly.

The State Police officer, trying to contain a chuckle explains to her that "22" was the route number, not the speed limit.

A bit embarrassed, the woman grinned and thanked the officer for pointing out her error.

"But before I let you go, Ma'am, I have to ask . . .  Is everyone in this car OK? These women seem awfully shaken and they haven't muttered a single peep this whole time," the officer asks with concern.

"Oh, they'll be all right, officer. We just got off Route 110."

 


 

ANIMAL RIGHTS... AND WRONGS

 

 

The Thrill of the Kill: Captive Hunts

 

 

This dama gazelle was slaughtered

at a captive hunt. ©The HSUS

What are captive hunts?

Captive hunting operations—also referred to as "shooting preserves," "canned hunts" or "game ranches"—are private trophy hunting facilities that offer their customers the opportunity to kill exotic and native animals trapped within enclosures. Some facilities have even allowed their clients to kill animals remotely via the Internet.

 

Who are the victims?

The animals killed in captive hunts may come from private breeders, animal dealers, circuses or even zoos. These animals are frequently hand raised and bottle fed, so they have lost their natural fear of people. In many facilities, the animals expect to be fed at regular times by familiar people—and the shooters will be there waiting for them.

 

Semi-tame animals make easy targets, so captive hunt operators can offer their customers a guarantee of "no kill, no pay." The animals are guaranteed something as well—that there will be no escape.

 


 

See an amazing film about Austrailia's Aboriginal peoples.

Traditional Whale Dreamers http://www.whaledreamers.com

 


 

SACRED SITES:


 

It is implied but unstated in the article below that once again this blows apart the Bering Strait hypothesis, promoted by Euro archaeologists, which claims humanity came into the Americas about 11,000 years ago over a former land bridge called the Bering Strait into what is now Alaska. If this were the case, then the most ancient sites would be found in Alaska and the Yukon, with relatively newer ones found at increasingly greater distances there from. But ancient sites have been found all over the Americas, with no clear spread of humanity from one region outward. Moreover, most Onkwehonwe, Original People, have very different stories as to their origins, and, as archeo-historians know, memorized and ritualized oral history remains intact for extremely long periods of time. ~From Distant Eagle

The Meadowcroft Rockshelter
By Betsa Marsh, Denver Post
 

Beer cans crumpled round a dead campfire, signs of late-night partying scorched into the sandstone. In a cutaway 15 feet below the modern fire circle, there's more charred stone, flecked with the shells of Ohio River mussels and the bones of passenger pigeons — both long extinct.

 

In between the two fire rings? The oldest site of human habitation in North America, at least 16,000 years old.  That's the surprise of Pennsylvania's Meadowcroft Rockshelter, an inviting sandstone overhang in a tributary valley of the Ohio River that's been welcoming fishers, hunters and travelers since the Paleo-Indians. The site in Avella, 30 miles southwest of Pittsburgh, is now a National Historic Landmark, set amid towering sycamore and pawpaw trees. Its 52 carbon dates, in almost perfect stratigraphic order, reflect a continuous human record for 16,000-plus years.
 
"It was like a Paleo motel," guide Eleanor Crowe said. "People would come along Cross Creek, 7 miles from the Ohio River, and stay here, from the earliest Paleo-Indians to the time of European settlement."

 

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